keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

SRI

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211017/examining-adaptations-to-water-stress-among-farming-households-in-sri-lanka-s-dry-zone
#1
Nicholas E Williams, Amanda Carrico
Climate change is increasing water scarcity in Sri Lanka. Whether these changes will undermine national-level food security depends upon the ability of the small-scale farmers that dominate rice production and the institutions that support them to overcome the challenges presented by changing water availability. Analyzing household survey data, this research identifies household, institutional, and agroecological factors that influence how water-stressed farmers are working to adapt to changing conditions and how the strategies they employ impact rice yields...
February 16, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209706/provider-and-patient-related-determinants-of-diabetes-self-management-among-recent-immigrants-implications-for-systemic-change
#2
Ilene Hyman, Yogendra Shakya, Nathaniel Jembere, Enza Gucciardi, Bilkis Vissandjée
OBJECTIVE: To examine provider- and patient-related factors associated with diabetes self-management among recent immigrants. DESIGN: Demographic and experiential data were collected using an international survey instrument and adapted to the Canadian context. The final questionnaire was pretested and translated into 4 languages: Mandarin, Tamil, Bengali, and Urdu. SETTING: Toronto, Ont. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 130 recent immigrants with a self-reported diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus who had resided in Canada for 10 years or less...
February 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209502/detailed-phenotyping-and-characterization-of-choroidal-morphological-and-vascular-features-in-young-men-with-high-myopia-using-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography
#3
Preeti Gupta, Sri Gowtham Thakku, Seang-Mei Saw, Mellisa Tan, Edmund Lim, Marcus Tan, Chui Ming Gemmy Cheung, Tien-Yin Wong, Ching-Yu Cheng
PURPOSE: To describe detailed morphological and vascular features of the choroid in eyes with high myopia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: 515 eyes of young men (mean age 21.59±1.15) years) with high myopia (defined as -6.0 D or worse, mean spherical equivalent -8.66±2.00 D) and 88 controls with emmetropia in both eyes underwent choroidal imaging using spectral domain optical coherence tomography with enhanced depth imaging (EDI-OCT)...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209281/association-among-father-involvement-partner-violence-and-paternal-health-un-multi-country-cross-sectional-study-on-men-and-violence
#4
Ko Ling Chan, Clifton R Emery, Emma Fulu, Richard M Tolman, Patrick Ip
INTRODUCTION: The influence of father involvement on intimate partner violence (IPV) and men's health is poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of six aspects of father involvement in delivery and child care, and to explore their individual associations with IPV against women and paternal health in an Asia-Pacific context. METHODS: This study analyzed data from the 2011-2012 UN Multi-Country Cross-Sectional Study on Men and Violence, which surveyed >10,000 men from Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and Sri Lanka...
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208899/study-of-variation-in-intraocular-pressure-spike-iop-following-nd-yag-laser-capsulotomy
#5
Niharika K Shetty, Sriya Sridhar
INTRODUCTION: Posterior Capsular Opacifications (PCO) is a frequent complication of cataract surgery following posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation. Nd -Yag laser capsulotomy is the treatment of choice for PCO and is known to be associated with complications like Raised Intraocular Pressure (IOP), Intraocular lens pitting, intraocular lens cracks, cystoid macular oedema, retinal detachment, corneal burns. Raised IOP is the most common complication and prescribing anti-glaucoma drugs post capsulotomy is a common practise...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208857/emergence-of-hospital-acquired-carbapenem-resistant-non-fermenters-in-teaching-institute
#6
Hariom Sharan, Neeraj Katare, Aparna Pandey, Ganesh Shivmurti Bhatambare, Trupti Bajpai
INTRODUCTION: Non-Fermenting Gram Negative Bacilli (NFGNB) are emerging now-a-days because of their tendency to colonize various surfaces and inherent resistance to commonly used disinfectants. They are responsible for multi-drug resistant hospital acquired infections. Detection of carbapenem resistance mechanisms is essential for treatment and infection control purpose as can spread to other organisms causing hospital outbreaks. AIM: To characterize non-fermenters from various clinical samples and to detect different carbapenem resistance mechanisms in meropenem resistant isolates...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205395/pregnancy-outcomes-and-contraceptive-use-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-women-without-a-chronic-illness-a-comparative-study
#7
Priyadarshani Galappatthy, Jayan D D Jayasinghe, Sampath C Paththinige, Rezvi M H Sheriff, Lalith S Wijayaratne
OBJECTIVES: To compare the pregnancy outcomes and contraceptive practices in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and women with no chronic illness (WNCI) in a tertiary care referral center in Colombo, Sri Lanka. METHODS: Patients with SLE satisfying American College of Rheumatology criteria for diagnosis and history of pregnancies were recruited from university lupus clinic, National Hospital of Sri Lanka (NHSL). Age-matched women with history of pregnancy and RA were recruited from the rheumatology clinic, NHSL and WNCI from a surgical clinic...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205378/chronic-low-back-pain-and-its-association-with-lumbar-vertebrae-and-intervertebral-disc-changes-in-adults-a-case-control-study
#8
Aranjan L Karunanayake, Arunasalam Pathmeswaran, Lalith S Wijayaratne
AIM: This study was done to determine the association between chronic low back pain and vertebral fractures, intervertebral disc space (IDS) narrowing, vertebral osteophytes and spondylolisthesis among adults. METHOD: This case control study was done in Sri Lanka. Cases were patients with low back pain and controls were without low back pain. Postero-anterior and lateral radiographs of lumbar sacral spine of both groups were studied. To detect vertebral fractures in fourth and fifth lumbar vertebrae, anterior and posterior heights of vertebrae were measured using a Vernier caliper and antero-posterior ratio (A/P) was calculated...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202547/post-translational-activation-of-glutamate-cysteine-ligase-with-dimercaprol-a-novel-mechanism-of-inhibiting-neuroinflammation-in-vitro
#9
Pallavi B McElroy, Ashwini Sri Hari, Brian J Day, Manisha Patel
Neuroinflammation and oxidative stress are hallmarks of various neurological diseases. However, whether and how the redox processes control neuroinflammation is incompletely understood. We hypothesized that increasing cellular glutathione (GSH) levels would inhibit neuroinflammation. A series of thiol compounds were identified to elevate cellular GSH levels by a novel approach i.e. post-translational activation of glutamate cysteine ligase (GCL), the rate-limiting enzyme in GSH biosynthesis. These small thiolcontaining compounds were examined for their ability to increase intracellular GSH levels in a murine microglial cell line (BV2), of which dimercaprol [2,3-dimercapto-1-propanol (DMP)] was found to be the most effective compound...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202315/mycobacterium-tuberculosis-chorismate-mutase-a-potential-target-for-tb
#10
REVIEW
Manjulatha Khanapur, Mallika Alvala, Maddela Prabhakar, K Shiva Kumar, R K Edwin, P S V K Sri Saranya, Raj Kumar Patel, Gopalakrishnan Bulusu, P Misra, Manojit Pal
Mycobacterium tuberculosis chorismate mutase (MtbCM) catalyzes the rearrangement of chorismate to prephenate in the shikimate biosynthetic pathway to form the essential amino acids, phenylalanine and tyrosine. Two genes encoding chorismate mutase have been identified in Mtb. The secretory form,∗MtbCM (encoded by Rv1885c) is assumed to play a key role in pathogenesis of tuberculosis. Also, the inhibition of MtbCM may hinder the supply of nutrients to the organism. Indeed, the existence of chorismate mutase (CM) in bacteria, fungi and higher plants but not in human and low sequence homology among known CM makes it an interesting target for the discovery of anti-tubercular agents...
February 4, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201952/mortality-among-people-living-with-hiv-on-antiretroviral-treatment-in-bali-indonesia-incidence-and-predictors
#11
Sri Utami, Anak Agung Sagung Sawitri, Luh Putu Lila Wulandari, I Wayan Gede Artawan Eka Putra, Putu Ayu Swandewi Astuti, Dewa Nyoman Wirawan, Louise Causer, Bradley Mathers
Indonesia has the third highest number of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH) and the greatest increase in proportion of AIDS-related mortality in the Asia Pacific region between 2005 and 2013. Longitudinal mortality data among PLWH in Indonesia are limited. We conducted a retrospective cohort study from medical records of antiretroviral treatment (ART) recipients attending Badung General Hospital (BGH) and Bali Medica Clinic (BMC) between 2006 and 2014. We explored incidence of mortality by Kaplan-Meier analysis and identified predictors using a Cox proportional hazard model...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201938/household-expenditure-on-tobacco-consumption-in-a-poverty-stricken-rural-district-in-sri-lanka
#12
K Manuja N Perera, G N Duminda Guruge, Pushpa L Jayawardana
Tobacco is a determinant of poverty and a barrier for development. Monaragala, a rural, agricultural district, reports the highest poverty-related indicators in southern Sri Lanka. A cross-sectional study was used to describe the household expenditure on tobacco and its association with food- and education-related expenditures at household level. This study used a 4-stage cluster sampling method to recruit a representative sample of 1160 households. Response rate was 98.6%. Median monthly household income was LKR 20 000 (interquartile range [IQR] = LKR 12 000-30 000)...
February 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197716/the-effect-of-slow-release-insemination-on-pregnancy-rates-report-of-two-randomized-controlled-pilot-studies-and-meta-analysis
#13
Julian Marschalek, Maximilian Franz, Yael Gonen, Jan-Steffen Kruessel, Amnon Weichselbaum, Lorenz Kuessel, Marie-Louise Trofaier, Johannes Ott
PURPOSE: A modified application technique of intrauterine insemination (IUI) is slow release insemination (SRI), first described by Muharib et al. (Hum Reprod 7(2):227-229, 1992), who postulated higher pregnancy rates with a slow release of spermatozoa for 3 h. METHODS: To investigate this approach, two randomized controlled, cross-over pilot studies were performed from 2004 to 2006 in Israel and Germany to compare SRI with the standard bolus IUI. We aimed to present the results and perform a meta-analysis on available data for SRI...
February 14, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196502/regional-variation-in-suicide-rates-in-sri-lanka-between-1955-and-2011-a-spatial-and-temporal-analysis
#14
Duleeka W Knipe, Prianka Padmanathan, Lal Muthuwatta, Chris Metcalfe, David Gunnell
BACKGROUND: Between 1955 and 2011 there were marked fluctuations in suicide rates in Sri Lanka; incidence increased six-fold between 1955 and the 1980s, and halved in the early 21st century. Changes in access to highly toxic pesticides are thought to have influenced this pattern. This study investigates variation in suicide rates across Sri Lanka's 25 districts between 1955 and 2011. We hypothesised that changes in the incidence of suicide would be most marked in rural areas due to the variation in availability of highly toxic pesticides in these locations during this time period...
February 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196272/deep-sequencing-of-71-candidate-genes-to-characterize-variation-associated-with-alcohol-dependence
#15
Shaunna L Clark, Daniel E Adkins, Gaurav Kumar, Karolina A Aberg, Sri Nerella, Linying Xie, Ann L Collins, James J Crowley, Corey R Quackenbush, Christopher E Hilliard, Andrey A Shabalin, Scott I Vrieze, Roseann E Peterson, William E Copeland, Judy L Silberg, Matt McGue, Hermine Maes, William G Iacono, Patrick F Sullivan, Elizabeth J Costello, Edwin J van den Oord
BACKGROUND: Previous genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified a number of putative risk loci for alcohol dependence (AD). However, only a few loci have replicated and these replicated variants only explain a small proportion of AD risk. Using an innovative approach, the goal of this study was to generate hypotheses about potentially causal variants for AD that can be explored further through functional studies. METHODS: We employed targeted capture of 71 candidate loci and flanking regions followed by next-generation deep sequencing (mean coverage 78X) in 806 European Americans...
February 14, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191768/multimodal-delivery-of-isogenic-mesenchymal-stem-cells-yields-synergistic-protection-from-retinal-degeneration-and-vision-loss
#16
Benjamin Bakondi, Sergey Girman, Bin Lu, Shaomei Wang
We previously demonstrated that subretinal injection (SRI) of isogenic mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) reduced the severity of retinal degeneration in Royal College of Surgeons rats in a focal manner. In contrast, intravenous MSC infusion (MSC(IV) ) produced panoptic retinal rescue. By combining these treatments, we now show that MSC(IV) supplementation potentiates the MSC(SRI) -mediated rescue of photoreceptors and visual function. Electrophysiological recording from superior colliculi revealed 3.9-fold lower luminance threshold responses (LTRs) and 22% larger functional rescue area from combined treatment compared with MSC(SRI) alone...
February 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187754/extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-organisms-causing-urinary-tract-infections-in-sri-lanka-and-their-antibiotic-susceptibility-pattern-a-hospital-based-cross-sectional-study
#17
M M P S C Fernando, W A N V Luke, J K N D Miththinda, R D S S Wickramasinghe, B S Sebastiampillai, M P M L Gunathilake, F H D S Silva, R Premaratna
BACKGROUND: Extended Spectrum Beta- Lactamase producing organisms causing urinary tract infections (ESBL-UTI) are increasing in incidence and pose a major burden to health care. While ESBL producing Klebsiella species seem to account for most nosocomial outbreaks, ESBL-producing E. coli have been isolated from both hospitalized and non-hospitalized patients. Although 95-100% ESBL organisms are still considered sensitive to meropenem, rapid emergence of carbapenem resistance has been documented in many countries...
February 10, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187570/first-record-of-cephenniini-on-christmas-island-with-updated-checklist-of-world-i-cephennomicrus-i-species-and-summary-of-their-distribution-coleoptera-staphylinidae-scydmaeninae
#18
Paweł Jałoszyński
The tribe Cephenniini is reported for the first time to occur on Christmas Island (external territory of the Commonwealth of Australia). Cephennomicrus lawrencei sp. n. is described and illustrated; the new species shows similarities to several Oriental and Japanese congeners, with the endophallic complex of long flagellum flanked by elongate sclerites especially similar to that of Indonesian C. fesumatranus Jałoszyński. The distribution of world Cephennomicrus species is summarized, ranging from southern and central-eastern Africa, Madagascar, Indian Ocean islands, through Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia, south-eastern China and Taiwan, the Ryukyus and Tsushima Island, eastern Papua New Guinea to Australia and southern Pacific islands...
February 6, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187535/a-review-of-previous-studies-on-the-sri-lankan-echinoid-fauna-with-an-updated-species-list
#19
Gayashan M Arachchige, Sevvandi Jayakody, Rich Mooi, Andreas Kroh
A comprehensive review and analysis of the literature on echinoids from Sri Lankan waters were conducted to compile an annotated list that integrates the existing published data with original data from recent research. According to the published literature, 115 echinoid species and one subspecies have been reported from Sri Lanka to date. However, the current study revealed that only 66 echinoid species and one subspecies belonging to 20 families can be verified to occur in Sri Lankan waters. According to the present analysis, 49 species were excluded from the list due to uncertain records (16) or synonymy (33) with other taxa known from the region...
February 9, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185730/microorganisms-and-heavy-metals-associated-with-atmospheric-deposition-in-a-congested-urban-environment-of-a-developing-country-sri-lanka
#20
Lakshika Weerasundara, R W K Amarasekara, D N Magana-Arachchi, Abdul M Ziyath, D G G P Karunaratne, Ashantha Goonetilleke, Meththika Vithanage
The presence of bacteria and heavy metals in atmospheric deposition were investigated in Kandy, Sri Lanka, which is a typical city in the developing world with significant traffic congestion. Atmospheric deposition samples were analyzed for Al, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd and Pb which are heavy metals common to urban environments. Al and Fe were found in high concentrations due to the presence of natural sources, but may also be re-suspended by vehicular traffic. Relatively high concentrations of toxic metals such as Cr and Pb in dissolved form were also found...
February 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
keyword
keyword
98857
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"