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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913081/anxiety-management-participants-experiences-of-a-physiotherapeutic-group-treatment-in-swedish-psychiatric-outpatient-care
#1
Helena Ölund, Louise Danielsson, Susanne Rosberg
Anxiety disorders are among the most persistent mental health syndromes. There is extensive research showing effectiveness of pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy interventions targeting anxiety, while knowledge is still sparse for other treatment options. The aim of this study was to explore how participants with anxiety disorders experience a physiotherapeutic group treatment in psychiatric outpatient care, and their perceived ability to manage anxiety within two months after participating in the treatment. Semi-structured interviews with participants were conducted to explore experiences of the treatment...
June 18, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912079/impact-of-physical-performance-and-anthropometric-characteristics-on-serve-velocity-in-elite-junior-tennis-players
#2
Janina Fett, Alexander Ulbricht, Alexander Ferrauti
Fett, J, Ulbricht, A, and Ferrauti, A. Impact of physical performance and anthropometric characteristics on serve velocity in elite junior tennis players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-This study aimed to investigate the impact of physical performance components and anthropometric characteristics on serve velocity (SV) in elite junior tennis players depending on the sex and age group. A sample of the best 1,019 (male = 625, female = 394) junior squad tennis players of the German Tennis Federation participated in the study involving complex anthropometric measurements (body height, body mass, sitting height, and arm span) and physical tests (e...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912072/physiological-and-tactical-on-court-demands-of-water-polo
#3
Petros G Botonis, Argyris G Toubekis, Theodoros I Platanou
Botonis, PG, Toubekis, AG, and Platanou, TI. Physiological and tactical on-court demands of water polo. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The purpose of the present review is to provide a quantification of the specific game's activities performed by elite water polo players and a comprehensive overview of the physiological requirements reflecting physical and tactical on-court demands in water polo. Game analysis demonstrates that various swimming movements occur throughout a match play, although approximately 50% of these are recorded in horizontal body position...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911987/effect-of-dysprosium-and-lutetium-metal-buffer-layers-on-the-resistive-switching-characteristics-of-cu-sn-alloy-based-conductive-bridge-random-access-memory
#4
Sujaya Kumar Vishwanath, Hyunsuk Woo, Sanghun Jeon
Conductive-bridge random access memory (CBRAM) has become one of the most suitable candidates for non-volatile memory in next-generation information and communication technology. The resistive switching mechanism of CBRAM depends on the formation/annihilation of the conductive filament (CF) between the active metal electrode and the inert electrode. However, excessive ion injection from the active electrode into the solid electrolyte is reduces the uniformity and reliability of the resistive switching devices...
June 18, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911969/home-based-palliative-care-program-relieves-chronic-pain-in-kerala-india-success-realized-through-patient-family-narratives
#5
Aparna Sai Ajjarapu, Ann Broderick
An estimated 1.5 billion people across the globe live with chronic pain, and an estimated 61 million people worldwide experience unrelieved serious health-related suffering. One-sixth of the global population lives in India, where approximately 10 million people endure unrelieved serious health-related suffering. The state of Kerala is home to Pallium India, one of the most sophisticated palliative care programs in the country. This private organization in Trivandrum provides palliative and hospice care to underresourced populations and emphasizes holistic pain treatment...
June 14, 2018: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911654/coping-with-painful-sex-development-and-initial-validation-of-the-champ-sexual-pain-coping-scale
#6
Ida K Flink, Johanna Thomtén, Linnéa Engman, Stina Hedström, Steven J Linton
Background and purpose Recurrent vulvar pain is a common and debilitating condition which has received remarkably little attention in pain research. For instance, little is known about how these women cope with sexual activities, and there are no structured assessment tools. The purpose of this study was to explore coping strategies in this group, with a view to develop a measure to assess how women with vulvar pain cope with sexual activities. Methods The current study is based on a subsample from a longitudinal study about vulvar pain in a student sample consisting of women between 18 and 35 years old (N = 964)...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911484/the-need-for-an-alternative-method-to-determine-intravascular-volumes
#7
L M Lobigs, P Peeling, B Dawson, Y O Schumacher
It is well described that numerous environmental factors, including exercise, modulate plasma volume (PV). These modulations prove problematic when a number of haematological markers are measured as a concentration in blood plasma. A primary example is haemoglobin concentration ([Hb]), a marker of erythropoiesis commonly used within medicine and also used to detect blood doping. Natural changes in PV can confound [Hb] values when a volume change is detected rather than a true change in haemoglobin mass (Hbmass ) (e...
June 17, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911481/collected-transatlantic-experience-from-the-pericles-registry-use-of-chimney-grafts-to-treat-post-evar-type-ia-endoleaks-shows-good-midterm-results
#8
Sonia Ronchey, Stefano Fazzini, Salvatore Scali, Giovanni Torsello, Paul Kubilis, Frank Veith, Konstantinos P Donas, Felice Pecoraro, Nicola Mangialardi
PURPOSE: The aim of this retrospective analysis was to evaluate the performance of the chimney (ch) technique in the treatment of type Ia endoleaks after standard endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). METHODS: Between January 2008 and December 2014, 517 chEVAR procedures were performed in 13 US and European vascular centers (PERICLES registry). Thirty-nine patients (mean age 76.9±7.1 years; 33 men) were treated for persistent type Ia endoleak and had computed tomography angiography or magnetic resonance angiography follow-up at >1 month...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911420/to-go-forward-we-must-look-back-the-importance-of-evolutionary-psychology-for-understanding-modern-politics
#9
Rose McDermott, Peter K Hatemi
As new waves of populism arise and cause disruption around the globe, there is both great interest in attempting to explain the origin of this dynamic as well as a need to ameliorate its potentially destructive impact. Perhaps the greatest signal of seismic change is the global dismantling of American institutional control of the postwar world following the election of Donald Trump in the United States. In the wake of such dramatic changes, it may seem odd to turn to evolutionary psychology which looks deeply into the past to try to understand current events, but, in fact, modern technology has dramatically changed the shape of political communication in just such a way as to make politics more personal once again, increasing the need to understand and interpret modern politics through an evolutionary lens...
April 2018: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910757/endurance-and-resistance-trained-men-exhibit-lower-cardiovascular-responses-to-psychosocial-stress-than-untrained-men
#10
Peter Gröpel, Maren Urner, Jens C Pruessner, Markus Quirin
Evidence shows that regular physical exercise reduces physiological reactivity to psychosocial stress. However, previous research mainly focused on the effect of endurance exercise, with only a few studies looking at the effect of resistance exercise. The current study tested whether individuals who regularly participate in either endurance or resistance training differ from untrained individuals in adrenal and cardiovascular reactivity to psychosocial stress. Twelve endurance-trained men, 10 resistance-trained men, and 12 healthy but untrained men were exposed to a standardized psychosocial stressor, the Trier Social Stress Test...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910525/childhood-adversity-daily-stress-and-marital-strain-in-same-sex-and-different-sex-marriages
#11
Rachel Donnelly, Debra Umberson, Rhiannon A Kroeger
Childhood adversity has enduring consequences for individuals throughout life, including increased reactivity to stress that may contribute to marital strain in adulthood. Past research on gendered experiences of heterosexual spouses raises questions about how the influence of childhood adversity might differ for men and women in same-sex marriages. We analyze dyadic diary data from 756 individuals in 106 male same-sex, 157 female same-sex, and 115 different-sex marriages to consider how childhood adversity moderates the association between daily stress and marital strain...
May 2018: Journal of Family Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910359/effects-of-reflection-to-improve-goal-directed-self-talk-on-endurance-performance
#12
Alexander T Latinjak, Bernat de Las Heras, Arnau Sacot, David Fernandez, Daniel Robinson, Andrew M Lane
We investigated the effects of an intervention that encouraged reflection on organic self-talk used during endurance performance. Using an experimental design, we compared the effects of enhancing metacognitive skills by (a) planning and (b) reviewing and evaluating goal-directed self-talk. Participants completed three time-to-exhaustion cycling task trials in which we hypothesized that the intervention group would perform significantly better than the control group. Further, we expected a reduction in perceived exertion for a given workload among participants following a self-talk intervention...
June 13, 2018: Sports (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910332/relationships-between-sprint-ability-and-endurance-capacity-in-soccer-referees
#13
Mario Sánchez-García, Javier Sánchez-Sánchez, Alejandro Rodríguez-Fernández, David Solano, Daniel Castillo
The aim of this study was to analyze the association between sprint ability and endurance capacity in soccer referees. Twenty-three Spanish officials participated in this study. Each referee undertook, in this order, a 40 m linear straight sprinting test (40 m Sprint) and the Yo⁻Yo intermittent recovery level 1 test (YYIR1) interspersed with a 8 min of self-administered rest. The results in the 40 m Sprint test showed that the time spent by referees was 5.56 ± 0.27 s and achieved a maximum velocity of 31...
March 30, 2018: Sports (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910315/topical-and-ingested-cooling-methodologies-for-endurance-exercise-performance-in-the-heat
#14
REVIEW
Russ Best, Stephen Payton, Iain Spears, Florence Riera, Nicolas Berger
This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess studies which have investigated cooling methodologies, their timing and effects, on endurance exercise performance in trained athletes (Category 3; VO2max ≥ 55 mL·kg·min-1 ) in hot environmental conditions (≥28 °C). Meta-analyses were performed to quantify the effects of timings and methods of application, with a narrative review of the evidence also provided. A computer-assisted database search was performed for articles investigating the effects of cooling on endurance performance and accompanying physiological and perceptual responses...
February 2, 2018: Sports (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909799/health-promoting-lifestyles-among-health-care-workers-in-a-postdisaster-area-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Wanqiu Yang, Timothy Sim, Ke Cui, Jun Zhang, Yanchun Yang, Xiaohong Ma
OBJECTIVE: Health care workers performing rescue tasks in large-scale disaster areas are usually challenged in terms of physical and mental endurance, which can affect their lifestyles. Nevertheless, data on whether health care workers tend to adopt healthy lifestyles after disasters are limited. This paper compares the adoption of healthy lifestyle behaviors among health care workers with that among non-health care workers in a postdisaster area. METHODS: This cross-sectional observational study was conducted in August 2016...
June 18, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909585/abnormal-brain-activation-during-emotion-processing-of-euthymic-bipolar-patients-taking-different-mood-stabilizers
#16
Linling Li, Erni Ji, Fei Tang, Yunhai Qiu, Xue Han, Shengli Zhang, Zhiguo Zhang, Haichen Yang
Numerous functional magnetic resonance imaging studies have been conducted to elucidate emotion processing of patients with bipolar disorder (BD), but due to different inclusion criteria used, especially for the history of medication use, the results for euthymic BD patients are inconsistent. For this reason, brain functional effects of psychopharmacological treatments on BD patients have been investigated by numerous fMRI studies, but there is no existing report for brain functional effects of different mood stabilizers...
June 16, 2018: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908345/functional-and-physiological-adaptations-following-concurrent-training-using-sets-with-and-without-concentric-failure-in-elderly-men-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Eduardo Lusa Cadore, Erik Menger, Juliana Lopes Teodoro, Larissa Xavier Neves da Silva, Francesco Pinto Boeno, Daniel Umpierre, Cíntia Ehlers Botton, Rodrigo Ferrari, Giovani Dos Santos Cunha, Mikel Izquierdo, Ronei Silveira Pinto
This study compared the functional and physiological adaptations induced by concurrent training (CT) performed with repetitions to concentric failure and not to failure in elderly men. Fifty-two individuals (66.2 ± 5.2 years) completed the pre- and post-measurements and were divided into three groups: repetitions to failure (RFG, n = 17); repetitions not to failure (NFG, n = 20); and repetitions not to failure with total volume equalized to that in the RFG (ENFG, n = 15). The participants' sit-to-stand ability, timed-up-and-go (TUG), muscle power output in squat jump (SJ) and countermovement jump (CMJ), peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak ), blood lipids and glucose, as well as blood pressure levels were assessed...
June 13, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908236/taking-one-for-the-team-physiological-trajectories-of-painful-intergroup-retaliation
#18
Elizabeth M Niedbala, Zachary P Hohman, Breanna N Harris, Alexandra C Abide
Retaliating against a threatening outgroup offers group members specific rewards, such as restored group esteem, a reduction in anger, and a sense of gratification. Because retaliation is rewarding, group members may appraise an attack on the outgroup to be beneficial, even if it feels physically painful. We hypothesized that group members would be more willing to endure pain to retaliate against a threatening outgroup, and that appraising the painful retaliation as rewarding would down-regulate their physiological stress response to pain...
June 13, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907081/genome-wide-surveys-reveal-polarity-and-cytoskeletal-regulators-mediate-lkb1-associated-germline-stem-cell-quiescence
#19
Pratik Kadekar, Rita Chaouni, Emily Clark, Anna Kazanets, Richard Roy
BACKGROUND: Caenorhabditis elegans can endure long periods of environmental stress by altering their development to execute a quiescent state called "dauer". Previous work has implicated LKB1 - the causative gene in the autosomal dominant, cancer pre-disposing disease called Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome (PJS), and its downstream target AMPK, in the establishment of germline stem cell (GSC) quiescence during the dauer stage. Loss of function mutations in both LKB1/par-4 and AMPK/aak(0) result in untimely GSC proliferation during the onset of the dauer stage, although the molecular mechanism through which these factors regulate quiescence remains unclear...
June 15, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907078/servicemen-s-perceptions-of-male-sexual-assault-and-barriers-to-reporting-during-active-component-and-reserve-national-guard-military-service
#20
Anne G Sadler, Ann M Cheney, Michelle A Mengeling, Brenda M Booth, James C Torner, Lance Brendan Young
Despite growing recognition of the high rates of sexual violence experienced by men serving in the U.S. military, male victimization, specifically sexual assault in military (SAIM), is an understudied topic. We qualitatively describe servicemen's awareness and perceptions of male SAIM, and their understanding of common barriers to servicemen reporting sexual assault. Participants included Midwestern Active Component and Reserve and National Guard servicemen, actively serving or Veteran, who had returned from Iraq or Afghanistan deployments during Operation Enduring/Iraqi Freedom eras...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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