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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437183/first-two-imported-cases-of-zika-virus-infections-in-romania
#1
Simin Aysel Florescu, Ani Ioana Cotar, Corneliu Petru Popescu, Cornelia Svetlana Ceianu, Mihaela Zaharia, Geta Vancea, Daniel Codreanu, Daniela Badescu, Emanoil Ceausu
We report the first two cases of imported Zika virus (ZIKV) infection in Romanian patients returning from areas with ongoing outbreaks and challenges for laboratory diagnostic; first one with a classical pattern of acute flaviviral infection and the second one with an interesting pattern of a secondary flaviviral (ZIKV) infection in a yellow fever-vaccinated child living abroad in an endemic area.
February 23, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436552/systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-tenofovir-to-prevent-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hepatitis-b-virus
#2
REVIEW
M H Hyun, Y-S Lee, J H Kim, J H Je, Y J Yoo, J E Yeon, K S Byun
BACKGROUND: Preventing mother to child transmission of chronic hepatitis B infection in the setting of a high maternal viral load is challenging. The idea has emerged from antepartum tenofovir treatment with combination immunoprophylaxis. AIMS: To demonstrate the efficacy and safety of tenofovir to prevent mother to child transmission of hepatitis B virus. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases were searched through August 16, 2016...
April 24, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434687/vaccine-hesitancy-among-parents-in-a-multi-ethnic-country-malaysia
#3
Fatin Shaheera Mohd Azizi, Yueting Kew, Foong Ming Moy
BACKGROUND: Vaccine hesitancy is a threat in combating vaccine-preventable diseases. It has been studied extensively in the Western countries but not so among Asian countries. OBJECTIVES: To assess the test-retest reliability of the Parent Attitudes about Childhood Vaccines (PACV) questionnaire in Malay language; to determine the prevalence of vaccine hesitancy among parents and its associations with parents' socio-demographic characteristics. METHODS: Forward and backward translation of PACV in Malay language was carried out...
April 20, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434087/hepatitis-b-during-pregnancy-in-endemic-areas-screening-treatment-and-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission
#4
Naichaya Chamroonkul, Teerha Piratvisuth
The proper management of pregnant women infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) is necessary to prevent maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality and to protect the baby from HBV infection. In the majority of cases, vertical transmission can be prevented with a universal screening program, HBV vaccine immunoprophylaxis, and administration of hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIg) for babies born to mothers with HBV. However, in mothers with a high viral load (>200,000 or >1,000,000 IU/ml, depending on the guideline), the chance of immunoprophylaxis failure remains high...
April 22, 2017: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431845/infection-prevention-and-control-and-the-refugee-population-experiences-from-the-university-of-louisville-global-health-center
#5
Ruth M Carrico, Linda Goss, Timothy L Wiemken, Rahel S Bosson, Paula Peyrani, William A Mattingly, Allison Pauly, Rebecca A Ford, Stanley Kotey, Julio A Ramirez
BACKGROUND: During 2016, approximately 140,000 individuals entered the United States as part of the federal government refugee resettlement program and established themselves in communities in virtually every state. No national database regarding refugee health currently exists; therefore, little is known about existing infectious diseases, conditions, and cultural practices that impact successful acculturation. The objective of this report is to identify what is currently known about refugees and circumstances important to infection prevention and control with respect to their roles as new community members, employees, and consumers of health care...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430997/global-impact-of-rotavirus-vaccination-on-childhood-hospitalizations-and-mortality-from-diarrhea
#6
Eleanor Burnett, Christine L Jonesteller, Jacqueline E Tate, Catherine Yen, Umesh D Parashar
In 2006, two rotavirus vaccines were licensed. We summarize the impact of rotavirus vaccination on hospitalizations and deaths from rotavirus and all-cause acute gastroenteritis (AGE) during the first 10 years since vaccine licensure, including recent evidence from high child mortality countries. We used standardized guidelines (PRISMA) guidelines to identify observational evaluations of rotavirus vaccine impact among children <5 years of age that presented at least 12 months of pre- and post-vaccine introduction surveillance data...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429116/dutch-national-immunization-schedule-compliance-and-associated-characteristics-for-the-primary-series
#7
Elsemieke D Scheepers, Alies van Lier, Ingrid H Drijfhout, Guy Berbers, Nicoline A T van der Maas, Hester E de Melker, Mirjam J Knol
In the Netherlands, the recommended priming immunization schedule for diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and polio (DTaP-IPV) is at 2, 3 and 4 months of age. We evaluated the compliance with the recommended schedule, as well as its characteristics. We included all infants born between 2007 and 2012 who received minimally one DTaP-IPV vaccination (n = 1,061,578). Infants complied with the schedule if they received the first vaccination between 6 and 9 weeks of age, and the second and third vaccination 2-6 weeks after the first and second vaccination...
April 20, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428878/immunization-dropout-rate-and-data-quality-among-children-12-23-months-of-age-in-ghana
#8
Benjamin Baguune, Joyce Aputere Ndago, Martin Nyaaba Adokiya
BACKGROUND: Immunization against diseases is one of the most important public health interventions with cost effective means to preventing childhood morbidity, mortality and disability. However, a proportion of children particularly in Africa are not fully immunized with the recommended vaccines. Thus, many children are still susceptible to the Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) targeted diseases. The objective of this study was to determine the immunization dropout rate and data quality among children aged 12-23 months in Techiman Municipality, Ghana...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427875/easl-2017-clinical-practice-guidelines-on-the-management-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection
#9
Pietro Lampertico, Kosh Agarwal, Thomas Berg, Maria Buti, Harry L A Janssen, George Papatheodoridis, Fabien Zoulim, Frank Tacke
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remains a global public health problem with changing epidemiology due to several factors including vaccination policies and migration. This Clinical Practice Guideline presents updated recommendations for the optimal management of HBV infection. Chronic HBV infection can be classified into five phases: (I) HBeAg-positive chronic infection, (II) HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis, (III) HBeAg-negative chronic infection, (IV) HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis and (V) HBsAg-negative phase...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426447/measles-cases-in-children-requiring-hospital-access-in-an-academic-pediatric-hospital-in-italy-2008-2013
#10
Marta Ciofi Degli Atti, Antonietta Filia, Antonino Bella, Annamaria Sisto, Maria Antonietta Barbieri, Antonino Reale, Massimiliano Raponi
BACKGROUND: The Lazio Region is one of the Italian regions where sustained measles transmission continues to occur. We investigated measles cases reported by the Emergency Department (ED) of the largest pediatric hospital in Italy, located in Lazio. METHODS: We reviewed clinical records of all measles cases from 0 to 18 years of age evaluated in the ED in 2008-2013. We compared demographic and clinical characteristics of patients admitted to the inpatient setting with those of patients discharged home, to assess possible determinants of hospital admission...
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423043/essential-neonatal-care-utilization-and-associated-factors-among-mothers-in-public-health-facilities-of-aksum-town-north-ethiopia-2016
#11
Megbey Berhe, Araya Abraha Medhaniye, Gizienesh Kahsay, Ermyas Birhane, Mebrahtu Abay
BACKGROUND: Globally, neonatal death accounts about 44% of child death in 2013. Ethiopia is one of the ten countries with the highest number of neonatal death. Worldwide, more than 43% of deaths among under five year children is contributed by neonates. Half of the neonatal death occur in the first day of life. Recommendations about newborn care practices may conflict with local beliefs and practices. So, it is important to understand the existing newborn care practice and factors affecting it in order to take interventions so as to decrease neonatal death...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421976/-measles-after-mmr-vaccination
#12
R van Grootveld, L M Klitsie, D C M van der Kaay, A C T M Vossen, A C Dijkmans
BACKGROUND: The Dutch national vaccination program provides vaccination for mumps, measles and rubella (MMR vaccine) for all children. After vaccination with live attenuated viruses, the virus replicates on a limited scale. Replication may lead to mild symptoms occurring 5-14 days after MMR-vaccination, including fever, conjunctivitis and rash. Symptoms are comparable to those of a wildtype measles infection. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 14-month-old boy was admitted to the hospital with an impressive rash 13 days after MMR-vaccination...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421425/the-role-of-alaska-s-tribal-health-workers-in-supporting-families
#13
Miriam Chernoff, Katie Cueva
Alaska's Community Health Aides/Practitioners (CHA/Ps) are often the sole medical workers in their communities in rural Alaska, and are instrumental in providing healthcare services and education to otherwise underserved individuals. This qualitative study explored how CHA/Ps support healthy families. Six CHA/Ps from two rural communities in western Alaska were interviewed about their scope of practice, interactions with mothers, infants, families, and teens, relationship to other medical providers, and perceptions of their work...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419538/receiving-early-information-and-trusting-swedish-child-health-centre-nurses-increased-parents-willingness-to-vaccinate-against-rotavirus-infections
#14
Lina Schollin Ask, Anders Hjern, Ann Lindstrand, Ola Olen, Eva Sjögren, Margareta Blennow, Åke Örtqvist
AIM: Rotavirus vaccines are effective against severe infections, but have a modest impact on mortality in high-income countries. Parental knowledge and attitudes towards vaccines are crucial for high vaccination coverage. This study aimed to identify why parents refused to let their infant have the vaccination or were unsure. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was based on 1,063 questionnaires completed by the parents of newborn children in 2014. Stepwise logistic regression was used to identify the main predictors...
April 17, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404464/density-of-day-cares-in-relation-to-reported-pertussis-incidence-in-philadelphia
#15
N D Goldstein, E C Newbern, L P Tabb, S L Welles
OBJECTIVES: Reported pertussis incidence has increased markedly in recent years. In addition to the documented increase in under-immunization and waning immunity, the increase may be related to the more frequent use of child care services by parents over the last few decades. Additionally, clustering of outbreaks may be related to neighborhood characteristics not previously identified. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a citywide case-control study of children in Philadelphia aged birth through six years, between 2001 and 2013...
February 16, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403761/trends-in-the-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-infection-among-women-giving-birth-in-new-south-wales
#16
Lucy Deng, Joanne Reekie, James S Ward, Andrew Hayen, John M Kaldor, Marlene Kong, Jennifer M Hunt, Bette Liu
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of targeted and catch-up hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination programs in New South Wales on HBV prevalence among women giving birth for the first time. DESIGN: Observational study linking data from the NSW Perinatal Data Collection for women giving birth during 2000-2012 with HBV notifications in the NSW Notifiable Conditions Information Management System. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: HBV prevalence in Indigenous Australian, non-Indigenous Australian-born, and overseas-born women giving birth...
April 17, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398680/cytomegalovirus-infection-in-pregnancy
#17
REVIEW
Nicole L Davis, Caroline C King, Athena P Kourtis
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a DNA herpesvirus that is common worldwide. The two known main sources of primary CMV infection during pregnancy are through sexual activity and contact with young children. Primary infection occurs in approximately 1 to 4% of pregnancies, and is mostly asymptomatic in immunocompetent adults. However, primary infection may manifest as a mild mononucleosis or flu-like syndrome with persistent fever and fatigue. CMV can be transmitted from mother-to-child in utero, intrapartum, or during breastfeeding...
March 15, 2017: Birth Defects Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395625/parents-perceptions-of-influenza-and-why-they-accept-or-decline-the-nasal-vaccine-for-their-child
#18
Phoebe Moulsdale, Aimee Grant, Margaret Fletcher, Adam Finn
Background Nasal influenza vaccine is offered each year to all children from age two to higher age groups. There is little UK research on whether parents support this vaccination programme. Aim The aim of this study was to explore parents' perceptions of influenza as an illness in children and why they decide to accept or decline nasal influenza vaccine for their child. Method A survey was first distributed to parents via a single primary school. Ten parents were then sampled in semi-structured interviews. From the survey, 91% (n=78) of the parents favoured routine vaccinations but only 47% (n=40) were supportive of nasal influenza vaccination...
April 11, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376806/improving-immunization-in-afghanistan-results-from-a-cross-sectional-community-based-survey-to-assess-routine-immunization-coverage
#19
Raveesha R Mugali, Farooq Mansoor, Sardar Parwiz, Fazil Ahmad, Najibullah Safi, Ariel Higgins-Steele, Sherin Varkey
BACKGROUND: Despite progress in recent years, Afghanistan is lagging behind in realizing the full potential of immunization. The country is still endemic for polio transmission and measles outbreaks continue to occur. In spite of significant reductions over the past decade, the mortality rate of children under 5 years of age continues to remain high at 91 per 1000 live births. METHODS: The study was a descriptive community-based cross sectional household survey...
April 4, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368738/efficacy-of-10-valent-pneumococcal-non-typeable-haemophilus-influenzae-protein-d-conjugate-vaccine-against-acute-otitis-media-and-nasopharyngeal-carriage-in-panamanian-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Xavier Sáez-Llorens, Stella Rowley, Digna Wong, Mirna Rodríguez, Arlene Calvo, Marisol Troitiño, Albino Salas, Vielka Vega, Maria Mercedes Castrejón, Patricia Lommel, Thierry G Pascal, William P Hausdorff, Dorota Borys, Javier Ruiz-Guiñazú, Eduardo Ortega-Barría, Juan Pablo Yarzabal, Lode Schuerman
We previously reported 10-valent pneumococcal non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) protein D conjugate vaccine (PHiD-CV) efficacy in a double-blind randomized trial (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00466947) against various diseases, including acute otitis media (AOM). Here, we provide further analyses. In the Panamanian subset, 7,359 children were randomized (1:1) to receive PHiD-CV or control vaccine at age 2/4/6 and 15-18 months. Of these, 2,000 had nasopharyngeal swabs collected. AOM cases were captured when parents sought medical attention for children with AOM symptoms; surveillance was enhanced approximately 2 y into the study through regular telephone calls or home visits by study personnel, who advised parents to visit the clinic if their child had AOM symptoms...
February 25, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
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