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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918792/clustered-papulovesicles-in-a-fully-vaccinated-child
#1
Emily A Simons, Allen W Ho, Jennifer T Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914735/parents-with-high-levels-of-communicative-and-critical-health-literacy-are-less-likely-to-vaccinate-their-children
#2
Anat Amit Aharon, Haim Nehama, Shmuel Rishpon, Orna Baron-Epel
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between parents' health literacy and decision-making regarding child vaccinations. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 731 parents of children aged 3-4 years. Functional, communicative, and critical health literacy (HL), knowledge, beliefs, reliability of the vaccine's information resources, and vaccine's attitudes were measured. Attitudes included three types: pro-vaccine attitudes, anti-vaccine attitudes, and attitudes regarding mandatory vaccination...
November 21, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912735/the-effect-of-early-measles-vaccination-at-4-5%C3%A2-months-of-age-on-growth-at-9-and-24%C3%A2-months-of-age-in-a-randomized-trial-in-guinea-bissau
#3
S M Rasmussen, S Biering-Sørensen, S Byberg, A Andersen, M Bjerregaard-Andersen, A Rodrigues, C S Benn, C L Martins, P Aaby
BACKGROUND: Providing an early, additional measles vaccine (MV) at 4.5 months of age has been shown to reduce child mortality in low-income countries. We studied the effects on growth at 9 and 24 months of age. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted in Guinea-Bissau from 2003-2007 including 6,648 children. Children were randomized 1:1:1 to receive Edmonston-Zagreb measles vaccine at 4.5 and 9 months of age (group A), no vaccine at 4.5 months and Edmonston-Zagreb measles vaccine at 9 months (group B), or no vaccine at 4...
December 3, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909947/vaccine-rejecting-parents-engagement-with-expert-systems-that-inform-vaccination-programs
#4
Katie Attwell, Julie Leask, Samantha B Meyer, Philippa Rokkas, Paul Ward
In attempting to provide protection to individuals and communities, childhood immunization has benefits that far outweigh disease risks. However, some parents decide not to immunize their children with some or all vaccines for reasons including lack of trust in governments, health professionals, and vaccine manufacturers. This article employs a theoretical analysis of trust and distrust to explore how twenty-seven parents with a history of vaccine rejection in two Australian cities view the expert systems central to vaccination policy and practice...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905982/the-use-of-a-lot-quality-assurance-sampling-methodology-to-assess-and-manage-primary-health-interventions-in-conflict-affected-west-darfur-sudan
#5
Kiemanh Pham, Emily Chambers Sharpe, William M Weiss, Alexander Vu
BACKGROUND: Organizations working in conflict-affected areas have a need to monitor and evaluate their programs, however this is often difficult due to the logistical challenges of conflict areas. Lot quality assurance sampling may be a suitable method of assessing programs in these situations. METHODS: We conducted a secondary data analysis of information collected during Medair's routine program management functions. Medair's service area in West Darfur, Sudan was divided into seven supervisory areas...
October 6, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905836/invasive-pneumococcal-disease-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-the-post-vaccine-era
#6
Sevgen Tanır Basaranoglu, Eda Karadag Oncel, Kubra Aykac, Yasemin Ozsurekci, Ali Bulent Cengiz, Ates Kara, Mehmet Ceyhan
A breakthrough infection occurring with 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) in Turkey are previously described. A breakthrough infection is defined as IPD in a child who had received ≥1 PCV-7 or PCV-13 and for which the pneumococcal isolate was a vaccine serotype. During one year period, among six patients with invasive pneumococcal infection, two patients were considered to have a vaccine failure with serotype 19F. Antibiotic resistance results were remarkable; macrolide resistance were observed in all strains except one, and high and intermediate penicillin resistance were determined in two strains...
December 1, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905819/mothers-preferences-regarding-new-combination-vaccines-for-their-children-in-japan-2014
#7
Aiko Shono, Masahide Kondo
A number of new vaccines to prevent childhood diseases have been introduced globally over the last few decades. Only four combination vaccines are currently available in Japan, DTaP/sIPV, DTaP, DT, and MR, leading to complex infant vaccine scheduling. This study aims to investigate mothers' preferences with respect to combination vaccines for their children, should new combination vaccines become available that have not yet been launched in Japan or that will be developed in the future. We conducted a web-based, cross-sectional survey of 1,243 mothers who had at least one child between 2 months and 3 years of age...
December 1, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898721/hepatitis-b-virus-infections-and-associated-factors-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-care-clinic-at-deder-hospital-eastern-ethiopia
#8
Abdi Umare, Berhanu Seyoum, Tesfaye Gobena, Tamirat Haile Mariyam
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a serious public health problem worldwide. Reports have shown that 68,600 people die of HBV infection and more than 300,000 deaths due to liver cancer secondary to hepatitis B every year globally. Women who are infected with HBV can vertically transmit the infection to their infants. This study aims to determine the prevalence of HBV infection and associated factors among pregnant women. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted among pregnant women who attended antenatal care clinic (ANC) for routine pregnancy check-up between 18 March 2015 and 15 May 2015...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890400/country-specific-predictions-of-the-cost-effectiveness-of-malaria-vaccine-rts-s-as01-in-endemic-africa
#9
Katya Galactionova, Fabrizio Tediosi, Flavia Camponovo, Thomas A Smith, Peter W Gething, Melissa A Penny
BACKGROUND: RTS,S/AS01 is a safe and moderately efficacious vaccine considered for implementation in endemic Africa. Model predictions of impact and cost-effectiveness of this new intervention could aid in country adoption decisions. METHODS: The impact of RTS,S was assessed in 43 countries using an ensemble of models of Plasmodium falciparum epidemiology. Informed by the 32months follow-up data from the phase 3 trial, vaccine effectiveness was evaluated at country levels of malaria parasite prevalence, coverage of control interventions and immunization...
November 24, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890397/a-general-measles-vaccination-campaign-in-urban-guinea-bissau-comparing-child-mortality-among-participants-and-non-participants
#10
S Byberg, S M Thysen, A Rodrigues, C Martins, C Cabral, M Careme, P Aaby, C S Benn, A B Fisker
BACKGROUND: Measles vaccination campaigns targeting children aged 9-59months are conducted every three years in Guinea-Bissau. Studies have demonstrated beneficial non-specific effects of measles vaccine. We compared mortality one year after the December 2012 measles vaccination campaign in Bissau city for children who received campaign measles vaccine with children who did not receive campaign measles vaccine. METHODS: Field workers from Bandim Health Project registered all children living in the Bandim Health Project's study area who received measles vaccination at the campaign posts...
November 24, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888816/opinions-about-vaccination-among-mothers-who-delivered-newborns-in-two-hospitals-in-krakow-and-my%C3%A5-lenice
#11
Dorota Mrożek-Budzyn, Agnieszka Kiełtyka, Elżbieta Mróz
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Campaigns against vaccinations in Poland have been increasingly more frequently observed in recent years, that was the reason of bigger number of parents refusing a consent for their children immunization. The aim of study was to determine the sources of information which significantly influence mothers’ opinions about vaccinations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was conducted among 154 randomly selected mothers hospitalized after childbearing in two hospitals in Krakow and Myslenice at the end of 2014 and in 2015...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884652/clinical-and-molecular-epidemiologic-trends-reveal-the-important-role-of-rotavirus-in-adult-infectious-gastroenteritis-in-shanghai-china
#12
Yan Wang, Jinan Zhang, Pengbo Liu
As a leading cause of severe diarrhea in children, the pathogenic role of rotavirus in adults has been underestimated for a long time. A hospital-based prospective clinical and molecular epidemiologic study of rotavirus infections in adults was performed between April 2014 and March 2015 in Shanghai, China. Overall, rotavirus was detected in 48 of 441 (10.9%) specimens with prevalence peaking in December (33.3%) and January (27.9%), whereas bacteria were identified in 45 of 846 (5.3%) samples (p<0.01). The rotavirus winter-spring seasonality (November-March) contrasts with the marked summer-fall seasonality (April-October) of bacterial pathogens (p<0...
November 21, 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880083/how-do-parents-and-pediatricians-arrive-at-the-decision-to-immunize-their-children-in-the-private-sector-insights-from-a-qualitative-study-on-rotavirus-vaccination-across-select-indian-cities
#13
Mathew Sunil George, Preeti Negandhi, Habib Hassan Farooqui, Anjali Sharma, Sanjay Zodpey
Key debates on improving vaccination coverage tend to focus on factors that affect uptake in the public health system while ignoring the private sector that plays an important role in providing health services in any low or middle-income country setting. Using in-depth interviews, we explored factors that influenced the decision of parents as well as pediatricians working in the private sector across 8 Indian cities on whether their children should be vaccinated with a particular vaccine Pediatricians and their relationship with parents was an important factor that influenced the decision on whether parents vaccinated their children with a particular vaccine or not...
November 23, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871308/recruiting-to-clinical-trials-on-the-telephone-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Kim Thestrup Foss, Jesper Kjærgaard, Lone Graff Stensballe, Gorm Greisen
BACKGROUND: Informed consent is an essential element of clinical research. Obtaining consent, however, may be challenging. The use of the telephone for giving information and obtaining consent may be practical but little formal research has been done. METHODS: We examined the use of the telephone for the purpose of informing expectant mothers about The Danish Calmette Study; a randomized clinical trial assessing neonatal Bacille Calmette-Guérin vaccination. Expectant mothers received an invitation letter with a Participant Information Sheet about The Danish Calmette Study, the present trial, and a Consent Form...
November 21, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870080/players-doctors-the-roles-should-be-very-clear
#15
Arthur L Caplan, Brendan Parent, Lee H Igel
Years ago, one of us had the opportunity to talk with a starting guard in the National Basketball Association about his health care. The player, then a rookie, did not have his own personal doctor. Instead, he received his health care from the team doctor. This athlete was very well paid and could have received care anywhere he wished in the area. But he came from a very poor neighborhood. Growing up, he said, he had no health care other than hearing and eye tests done at his school and maybe (he was not sure) vaccinations given by the school nurse...
November 2016: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866768/estimating-the-burden-of-rubella-virus-infection-and-congenital-rubella-syndrome-through-a-rubella-immunity-assessment-among-pregnant-women-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-potential-impact-on-vaccination-policy
#16
Mary M Alleman, Kathleen A Wannemuehler, Lijuan Hao, Ludmila Perelygina, Joseph P Icenogle, Emilia Vynnycky, Franck Fwamba, Samuel Edidi, Audry Mulumba, Kassim Sidibe, Susan E Reef
BACKGROUND: Rubella-containing vaccines (RCV) are not yet part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo's (DRC) vaccination program; however RCV introduction is planned before 2020. Because documentation of DRC's historical burden of rubella virus infection and congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) has been minimal, estimates of the burden of rubella virus infection and of CRS would help inform the country's strategy for RCV introduction. METHODS: A rubella antibody seroprevalence assessment was conducted using serum collected during 2008-2009 from 1605 pregnant women aged 15-46years attending 7 antenatal care sites in 3 of DRC's provinces...
December 12, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863635/cochlear-implantation-of-solid-organ-transplant-patients-receiving-immunosuppressive-therapy
#17
Bushra Ayub, Nancy M Young
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of infectious complications and healing problems in cochlear implant (CI) patients receiving immunosuppressive therapy following solid organ transplant. STUDY DESIGN: IRB-approved retrospective chart review of implanted patients. SETTING: Tertiary care children's hospital. METHODS: Seven patients of the more than 1000 implanted during the time period between 1991 and 2014 underwent cochlear implantation while on immunosuppressive therapy after having received a solid organ transplant...
December 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863513/epidemiology-of-rubella-virus-cases-in-the-pre-vaccination-era-of-ethiopia-2009-2015
#18
Mekonen Getahun, Berhane Beyene, Kathleen Gallagher, Ayesheshem Ademe, Birke Teshome, Mesfin Tefera, Anjelo Asha, Aklog Afework, Esete Assefa, Yoseph HaileMariam, Yonas HaileGiorgis, Hiwot Ketema, Dejenie Shiferaw, Ayenachew Bekele, Daddi Jima, Amha Kebede
BACKGROUND: Rubella is a common mild rash illness caused by rubella virus. The majority of infections occur in children and young adults. The infection is the cause of a serious birth defect known as Congenital Rubella Syndrome (CRS) when a woman acquires infection early in pregnancy. Ethiopia has not yet established rubella virus surveillance and has not yet introduced rubella vaccine into the routine immunization program. We characterize the epidemiology of laboratory confirmed rubella virus cases collected through measles surveillance from 2009 to 2015 to better understand the burden of the disease in the country...
November 18, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862309/study-of-greek-children-and-youths-with-cystic-fibrosis-identifies-immunisation-gaps-and-delays
#19
Helena C Maltezou, Stavros Doudounakis, Maria Lekaditi, Kalliopi Tanou, Panos Katerelos, Maria Theodoridou
AIM: Data about immunisation rates in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients are scarce. We estimated the rates and timeliness of immunisations in CF patients aged 0.55-22 years. METHODS: We studied 122 subjects at a hospital in Greece in 2014. A standard questionnaire was used to collect data and parents' opinions about immunisations. RESULTS: The complete immunisation rates were 92.6% for diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis-inactivated poliomyelitis-Haemophilus influenzae (DTaP-IPV-Hib), 96...
November 10, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862014/analysis-of-a-genotype-g3p-9-rotavirus-a-strain-that-shows-evidence-of-multiple-reassortment-events-between-animal-and-human-rotaviruses
#20
Delana A M Bezerra, Sylvia F S Guerra, Ana C S Serra, Priscylla C M S Fecury, Renato S Bandeira, Edvaldo T Penha, Patrícia S Lobo, Edivaldo C Sousa, Alexandre C Linhares, Luana S Soares, Joana D P Mascarenhas
The species A rotaviruses (RVA) are important gastroenteric pathogens that infect humans and animals. RVA genotype G3P[9] has been described in human-animal reassortment events, and the complexity of its hosts motivates the genetic investigation of this strain. Therefore, the aim of this study is to analyse a G3P[9] sample that was detected in a child with acute gastroenteritis. The 1A3739 sample featured the constellation G3P[9]-I18-R3-C3-Mx-A19-N3-T3-E3-H6. The sequence for VP3 gene was not obtained. The phylogeny showed a closer relationship among genes VP7, VP1, NSP3, NSP4, and NSP5 with genes of animal origin, such as chiropter, alpaca, equine, and simian...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
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