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corrective fusional reflex

Pravin Padalkar
UNLABELLED: Atlantoaxial rotatory fixation (AARF) is a rare condition and delayed diagnosis. We report a case of chronic neglected atlantoaxial rotatory subluxation in adolescence child that was treated by serial skull traction followed by posterior fusing by method pioneered by Goel et al. A 15-year-old male presented with signs of high cervical myelopathy 2 years after trauma to neck childhood. There was upper cervical kyphosis, direct tenderness over C2 spinous process, atrophy of both hand muscles with weakness in grip strength...
July 2016: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
K M Kerr, F López-Ríos
The evolution of personalised medicine in lung cancer has dramatically impacted diagnostic pathology. Current challenges centre on the growing demands placed on small tissue samples by molecular diagnostic techniques. In this review, expert recommendations are provided regarding successful identification of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-rearranged non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Steps to correctly process and conserve tumour tissue during diagnostic testing are essential to ensure tissue availability...
September 2016: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Wei Zhang, Feng Lin, Erman Chen, Deting Xue, Zhijun Pan
OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical outcomes of operative and nonoperative treatment for displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures (DIACFs). DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane library, and STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials comparing operative and nonoperative treatment for DIACFs. DATA EXTRACTION: Information on study methods and clinical outcomes. DATA SYNTHESIS: We performed data synthesis on relevant clinical outcomes...
March 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Murray R Berkowitz
Psychosis is a rare initial presentation of new-onset hypothyroidism. The author describes the case of a 29-year-old woman who presented with psychosis caused by hypothyroidism, or myxedema madness. Although the patient's psychosis resolved after standard monotherapy using levothyroxine sodium, her hypothyroidism persisted. Imaging of the patient's cervical spine showed that previous C5-C6 and C6-C7 fusions had failed. The failed fusions were corrected, and the patient's hypothyroidism resolved, suggesting that the somatovisceral reflex was the cause of the patient's hypothyroidism...
January 2015: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Carlos Laria, María L Merino-Suárez, David P Piñero, Arantxa Gómez-Hurtado, Rafael J Pérez-Cambrodí
We describe the case of an eight-year-old girl with complaints of headaches and blurred vision (uncorrected visual acuity: 0.1 decimal) that showed on examination miotic pupils, pseudomyopia, no ocular motility restrictions, and no associated neurological disease. After initial treatment with cyclopentolate for two months, pseudomyopia persisted with an intermittent and variable esotropia. Spectacles of +1 both eyes and atropine 1% one drop daily were then prescribed. The situation improved and remained stable for several weeks, with pseudomyopia and esotropia reappearing later...
2015: Seminars in Ophthalmology
J W White, S-N Kang, T Nancoo, D Floyd, S B S Kambhampati, D A McGrouther
Thirty-eight fingers in 27 patients with Dupuytren's contracture of the proximal interphalangeal joint (PIPJ) in excess of 70° were treated using a staged technique. The first stage involved applying a mini external fixator across the PIPJ for continuous extension over 6 weeks with intensive hand therapy to maintain mobility of the joint and help correct the deformity. Twice weekly during hand therapy sessions the tension of the elastic band across the mini ex-fix was increased, allowing that full active flexion of the PIPJ against the elastic band could still be achieved...
October 2012: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
Shiro Imagama, Noriaki Kawakami, Taichi Tsuji, Tetsuya Ohara, Naoki Ishiguro
OBJECTIVE: To report the first case of surgical treatment for severe kyphoscoliosis associated with respiratory disorder in a patient with congenital neuromuscular disease with uniform type 1 fibers (CNMDU1), including management of the possible onset of malignant hyperthermia (MH) in general anesthesia. CNMDU1 is rare among congenital neuromuscular diseases, and surgery for spinal deformity in CNMDU1 has not been described. Onset of MH in general anesthesia is a concern in this disease...
June 2012: European Spine Journal
A Edwards, C D Treiber, M Breuss, R Pidsley, G-J Huang, J Cleak, P L Oliver, J Flint, D A Keays
The Jenna mutant mouse harbours an S140G mutation in Tuba1a that impairs tubulin heterodimer formation resulting in defective neuronal migration during development. The consequence of decreased neuronal motility is a fractured pyramidal cell layer in the hippocampus and wave-like perturbations in the cerebral cortex. Here, we extend our characterisation of this mouse investigating the laminar architecture of the superior colliculus (SC). Our results reveal that the structure of the SC in mutant animals is intact; however, it is significantly thinner with an apparent fusion of the intermediate grey and white layers...
November 10, 2011: Neuroscience
J C Aurégan, T Odent, M Zerah, J P Padovani, C Glorion
An achondroplastic patient with a thoracolumbar kyphosis was first seen at the age of 16 at our institution. His only concern at that time was the aesthetic implication of his deformity. His physical examination was normal except for loss of the neurologic reflexes in the lower limbs. The radiographs showed a fixed 180° thoracolumbar kyphosis with correct frontal and sagittal balances. No spinal cord anomaly was found on MRI. Two years later, he developed a progressive neurogenic claudication of the lower limbs...
November 2010: European Spine Journal
Shenglin Wang, Chao Wang, Ming Yan, Haitao Zhou, Liang Jiang
A 27-year-old woman presented with bilateral weakness of her all extremities for 5 years. She had a spastic gait and was unable to ambulate without assistance. Neurologic examination revealed increased deep tendon reflexes and positive pathologic reflexes. Radiographs showed occipitalization of the atlas, C2-C3 congenital fusion and fixed atlantoaxial dislocation with an atlanto-dental interval of 10 mm. MRI demonstrated cervicomedullary junction (CMJ) compression from the odontoid, a Chiari type I malformation, and syringomyelia extending from the foramen magnum to C5...
March 2010: European Spine Journal
Max R Edwards, Pavlos Panteliadis, Jonathan D Lucas
The neuromuscular sequaelae of Guillain-Barré syndrome are well documented in the literature. Persistent distal muscular weakness and loss of peripheral limb reflexes are common in those affected. We report a case of a 14-year-old boy who developed the Miller-Fisher variant of Guillain-Barré syndrome at the age of 8 years. Six years after the acute episode, he had persistent lower limb areflexia and mild weakness. He had also developed a neuromuscular scoliosis. The scoliosis was successfully treated with posterior instrumentation and fusion surgery...
January 2010: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
R Vialle, F Parker, J-F Lepeintre, G Rodesch, J-L Tassin, M Tadié
Neuropathic arthropathy of the spine is a destructive condition of the spine which is secondary to a loss of the protective proprioceptive reflexes. In the majority of cases, it occurs in patients who have suffered from traumatic medullary lesions and is responsible for destruction of the vertebral bodies and considerable spinal deformity. We report a case of neurogenic lumbar arthropathy in a patient with a spinal arteriovenous malformation. This vascular lesion caused considerable disturbances of proprioception...
December 2004: Neuro-Chirurgie
Ikuho Yonezawa, Yasuhisa Arai, Takaaki Tsuji, Masaki Takahashi, Hisashi Kurosawa
We present a 15-year-old boy with severe cervical kyphosis due to neurofibromatosis (NF), who underwent one-stage anterior fusion and posterior correction using pedicle screw fixation. The kyphosis was corrected from 72 degrees to 35 degrees. At the follow-up 16 months postoperatively, anterior fusion and posterior stabilization had been obtained without correction loss. Cervical pedicle screw fixation is a useful method for the correction of severe cervical kyphosis in patients with NF.
October 2003: Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques
A Pierre, C Hulet, B Locker, D Souquet, S Jambou, C Vielpeau
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study was to present the clinical and radiological outcome in 20 patients who underwent arthroscopic tibiotalar arthrodesis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 1993 and 1999, twenty patients (twelve men and eight women) underwent arthroscopic tibiotalar arthrodesis and have been followed for a minimum of one year. Mean age at the time of the procedure was 55 years. The left side was treated in eleven patients and the right in nine...
April 2003: Revue de Chirurgie Orthopédique et Réparatrice de L'appareil Moteur
S Ebara, T Kinoshita, Y Yuzawa, J Takahashi, I Nakamura, H Hirabayashi, R Uozumi, M Kimura, K Takaoka
We treated a patient of type IV mucopolysaccharidosis (Morquio's disease) with lower leg paresis due to kyphoscoliosis. A 65-year-old woman presented with Morquio's disease. A lateral radiograph demonstrated the classic bullet-shaped vertebrae and a 65 degrees thoraco-lumbar kyphosis. After the age of 60, she suffered from numbness in both lower legs and walking disturbance. Bilateral patellae-tendon reflexes were exaggerated. MRI showed compression of the spinal cord around T12 to L2 with a highlighted area of change inside the spinal cord...
May 2003: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
A Barois
In kyphoscoliosis restrictive ventilatory defect occurs. In idiopathic scoliosis vital capacity failure is significantly correlated with Cobb angle, vertebral rotation, and thoracic lordosis. Maximum voluntary ventilation is the most affected measurement. Forced expiratory volume in 1 second is reduced. Residual volume remains longtime normal. Hypoxemia due to decrease of diffusing capacity occurs, with initially reflex hyperventilation hypocapnia, and secondary hypercapnia. Pulmonary hypertension and cor pulmonale is related to hypoventilation and hypoxia...
1999: Bulletin de L'Académie Nationale de Médecine
D Phippard, L Lu, D Lee, J C Saunders, E B Crenshaw
Targeted mutagenesis in mice demonstrates that the POU-domain gene Brn4/Pou3f4 plays a crucial role in the patterning of the mesenchymal compartment of the inner ear. Brn4 is expressed extensively throughout the condensing mesenchyme of the developing inner ear. Mutant animals displayed behavioral anomalies that resulted from functional deficits in both the auditory and vestibular systems, including vertical head bobbing, changes in gait, and hearing loss. Anatomical analyses of the temporal bone, which is derived in part from the otic mesenchyme, demonstrated several dysplastic features in the mutant animals, including enlargement of the internal auditory meatus...
July 15, 1999: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
O Charry, S Koop, R Winter, J Lonstein, F Denis, W Bailey
A retrospective review of 25 patients with scoliosis secondary to syringomyelia was conducted. All patients had large syrinxes, but only 10 patients had abnormal neurologic findings, suggesting that subtle neurologic findings in patients with scoliosis should not be underestimated and supporting liberal use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The results of three approaches to the care of these patients were reviewed: passive observation, bracing, and spinal fusion. Curves progressed > or = 5 degrees in patients aged < 10 years who were observed, but in children aged > 10 years, curves progressed > or = 10 degrees...
May 1994: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
D F Bell, C F Moseley, J Koreska
Thirty-four nonambulatory patients with progressive neuromuscular spinal deformity were surgically managed using a 1/4" U-shaped double rod construct with segmental instrumentation from T2 to the pelvis accompanied by posterior spinal fusion. Diagnoses included 17 patients with cerebral palsy, six with spinal bifida, and 11 with other diseases (spinal muscular atrophy, Friedreich's ataxia, polyneuropathy, nemaline myopathy, and polio). Twenty-three patients had single uncompensated thoracolumbar curves, and 11 had a double curve pattern...
December 1989: Spine
R L Coakes, C Clothier, A Wilson
The development of the binocular reflexes during the first 6 months of life was studied in 38 normal infants. Preliminary results indicate that the following reflex is well established by 2 months, convergence by 3 months and the corrective fusion reflex by the age of 5 months.
November 1979: Child: Care, Health and Development
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