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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019578/nutritional-assessment-methods-as-predictors-of-postoperative-mortality-in-gastric-cancer-patients-submitted-to-gastrectomy
#1
Aline Kirjner Poziomyck, Leandro Totti Cavazzola, Luisa Jussara Coelho, Edson Braga Lameu, Antonio Carlos Weston, Luis Fernando Moreira
OBJECTIVES: to determine the nutritional evaluation method that best predicts mortality in 90 days of patients submitted to gastrectomy for gastric cancer. METHODS: we conducted a prospective study with 44 patients with gastric cancer, stages II to IIIa, of whom nine were submitted to partial gastrectomy, 34 to total gastrectomy, and one to esophago-gastrectomy. All patients were nutritionally evaluated through the same protocol, up to 72h after hospital admission...
September 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976226/selecting-patients-for-gastrectomy-in-metastatic-esophago-gastric-cancer-clinics-and-pathology-are-not-enough
#2
Lorenzo Fornaro, Valentina Fanotto, Gianna Musettini, Mario Uccello, Lorenza Rimassa, Caterina Vivaldi, Caterina Fontanella, Francesco Leone, Riccardo Giampieri, Gerardo Rosati, Monica Lencioni, Daniele Santini, Samantha Di Donato, Gianluca Tomasello, Oronzo Brunetti, Filippo Pietrantonio, Francesca Bergamo, Mario Scartozzi, Antonio Avallone, Stefania Eufemia Lutrino, Davide Melisi, Lorenzo Antonuzzo, Antonio Pellegrino, Lorenzo Gerratana, Stefano Cordio, Enrico Vasile, Giuseppe Aprile
AIM: To evaluate the impact on overall survival (OS) of gastrectomy in asymptomatic metastatic esophago-gastric cancer. PATIENTS & METHODS:  Five hundred and thirteen patients were included. The role of surgery and other clinico-pathological factors was evaluated by univariate and Cox regression analyses. OS was the primary end point. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis confirmed that gastrectomy was a predictor of longer OS (p < 0.001), as well as preserved performance status and benefit from first-line chemotherapy...
October 4, 2017: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975884/anaesthesia-in-patients-undergoing-esophago-gastro-duodenoscopy-for-suspected-bleeding
#3
Ida Helsø, Martin Risom, Therese Risom Vestergaard, Nicolai Bang Foss, Steffen Rosenstock, Morten Hylander Møller, Lars Hyldborg Lundstrøm, Nicolai Lohse
INTRODUCTION: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is a common emergency. Currently, there are no agreed guidelines on the level of anaesthetic support required in patients undergoing acute esophago-gastro-duodendoscopy (EGD). METHODS: An online questionnaire comprising 19 questions was distributed to all members of the Danish Association of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care (n = 1,418) and the Danish Society of Anaesthesiologists in Training (n = 566). The questions concerned clinical practice for anaesthesia care to patients undergoing EGD for suspected UGIB and availability of local guidelines...
October 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915203/treatment-of-zenker-s-diverticulum-with-endoscopic-stapled-esophago-divertisculostomy-esd-analysis-of-long-term-outcome
#4
Michele Mazza, Alberto N Bergamini, Paolo Parise, Andrea Cossu, Olga Adamenko, Ugo Elmore, Riccardo Rosati
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic Zenker diverticulum (ZD) treatment has become quite common because of the low complication rates, reduced procedure time, and shorter hospital stay. Many endoscopic treatments are available including the endoscopic stapled esophago-diverticulostomy (ESD). Many data regarding ESD are available on the short-term outcomes, but few on the long-term ones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From March 1998 to July 2016, 126 patients with ZD were candidate for ESD...
September 14, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847073/efficacy-of-the-over-the-scope-clip-system-for-treatment-of-gastrointestinal-fistulas-leaks-and-perforations-a-korean-multi-center-study
#5
Hang Lak Lee, Joo Young Cho, Jun-Hyung Cho, Jong Jae Park, Chan Gyoo Kim, Seong Hwan Kim, Joung-Ho Han
Background/Aims: Currently, a new over-the-scope clip (OTSC) system has been introduced. This system has been used for gastrointestinal perforations and fistulas in other countries. The aim of our study is to examine the therapeutic success rate of endoscopic treatment using the OTSC system in Korea. Methods: This was a multicenter prospective study. A total of seven endoscopists at seven centers performed this procedure. Results: A total of 19 patients were included, with gastrointestinal leakages from anastomosis sites, fistulas, or esophageal perforations due to Boerhaave's syndrome...
August 29, 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837512/the-management-of-acute-pancreatitis-in-the-pediatric-population-a-clinical-report-from-the-naspghan-pancreas-committee
#6
Maisam Abu-El-Haija, Soma Kumar, J Antonio Quiros, Keshawadhana Balakrishnan, Bradley Barth, Samuel Bitton, John F Eisses, Elsie Jazmin Foglio, Victor Fox, Denease Francis, A Jay Freeman, Tanja Gonska, Amit S Grover, Sohail Z Husain, Rakesh Kumar, Sameer Lapsia, Tom Lin, Quin Y Liu, Asim Maqbool, Zachary M Sellers, Flora Szabo, Aliye Uc, Steven L Werlin, Veronique D Morinville
BACKGROUND: While the incidence of acute pancreatitis (AP) in children is increasing, management recommendations rely on adult published guidelines. Pediatric-specific recommendations are needed. METHODS: The NASPGHAN Pancreas committee performed a MEDLINE review using several pre-selected key terms relating to management considerations in adult and pediatric AP. The literature was summarized, quality of evidence reviewed, and statements of recommendations developed...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819392/long-term-trends-in-primary-sites-of-gastric-adenocarcinoma-in-japan-and-the-united-states
#7
Michitaka Honda, Sandra L Wong, Mark A Healy, Toshifusa Nakajima, Masayuki Watanabe, Shingo Fukuma, Shunichi Fukuhara, John Z Ayanian
Background: The incidence and characteristics of gastric cancer have been shown to vary widely across Western and Eastern countries. Our study had two aims: to evaluate long-term trends in gastric adenocarcinoma in Japan over a period of 70 years, and to anticipate the future of gastric cancer in Japan, through comparison with data from the United States. Methods: Japanese patient data for 19,306 incident cases of gastric adenocarcinoma from 1946 - 2014 were collected from the Gastric Cancer Database at the Cancer Institute Hospital, Tokyo, Japan (CIH-GCDB)...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811720/endoscopic-occlusion-with-silicone-spigots-for-the-closure-of-refractory-esophago-bronchiole-fistula-after-esophagectomy
#8
Masaya Uesato, Tsuguaki Kono, Yasunori Akutsu, Kentarou Murakami, Akiko Kagaya, Yorihiko Muto, Akira Nakano, Mizuho Aikawa, Tomohide Tamachi, Hiroyuki Amagai, Takahiro Arasawa, Yasuhide Muto, Hisahiro Matsubara
A 65-year-old man with cT1bN0M0 stage I middle thoracic esophageal cancer underwent subtotal esophagectomy and gastric tube reconstruction through the posterior mediastinal route after preoperative carbon-ion radiotherapy and chemotherapy in a clinical trial. Anastomotic leakage occurred, but it spontaneously improved. At six months after the operation, he was rehospitalized with a cough and dysphagia. An esophago-bronchiole fistula and stenosis of the gastric tube were observed. He first underwent stent placement in the gastric tube...
July 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789612/lichenoid-esophagitis-presenting-as-fatal-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-a-52%C3%A2-year-old-woman-a-case-diagnosed-by-autopsy
#9
Andrew Mitchell, Tony Petrella
BACKGROUND: "Lichenoid esophagitis" is a descriptive term for a lichenoid pattern of inflammation in the esophagus for which a precise histologic diagnosis cannot be established. The differential diagnosis includes lichen planus, a drug-related reaction, and viral infection. Lichenoid esophagitis causing death has not been reported previously. We describe a case, diagnosed by autopsy, of lichenoid esophagitis in which massive bleeding from generalized epithelial sloughing and a large longitudinal ulcer proved fatal...
August 8, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767807/model-of-a-training-program-in-robotic-surgery-and-its-initial-results
#10
Fernando Athayde Veloso Madureira, José Luís Souza Varela, Delta Madureira, Luis Alfredo Vieira D'Almeida, Fábio Athayde Veloso Madureira, Alexandre Miranda Duarte, Otávio Pires Vaz, José Reinan Ramos
Objective: to describe the implementation of a training program in robotic surgery and to point the General Surgery procedures that can be performed with advantages using the robotic platform. Methods: we conducted a retrospective analysis of data collected prospectively from the robotic surgery group in General and Colo-Retal Surgery at the Samaritan Hospital (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), from October 2012 to December 2015. We describe the training stages and particularities...
May 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766283/management-of-aorto-esophageal-fistula-secondary-after-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-a-review-of-literature
#11
REVIEW
Kaname Uno, Tomoyuki Koike, Seiichi Takahashi, Daisuke Komazawa, Tooru Shimosegawa
Aorto-esophageal fistula (AEF) is a rare and lethal entity, and the difficulty of making diagnosis of AEF is well-known. As promising results in the short-term effectiveness of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) promote its usage, the occurrence of AEF after TEVAR (post-TEVAR AEF) increases as one of the major complications. Therefore, we provide a review concerning the management strategy of post-TEVAR AEF. Although its representative symptom was reported as the triad of mid-thoracic pain and sentinel hematemesis followed by massive hematemesis, the symptom-free interval between sentinel hemorrhage and massive exsanguination is unpredictable...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694670/new-totally-intracorporeal-reconstructive-approach-after-robotic-total-gastrectomy-technical-details-and-short-term-outcomes
#12
Amilcare Parisi, Francesco Ricci, Alessandro Gemini, Stefano Trastulli, Roberto Cirocchi, Giorgio Palazzini, Vito D'Andrea, Jacopo Desiderio
AIM: To show outcomes of our series of patients that underwent a total gastrectomy with a robotic approach and highlight the technical details of a proposed solution for the reconstruction phase. METHODS: Data of gastrectomies performed from May 2014 to October 2016, were extracted and analyzed. Basic characteristics of patients, surgical and clinical outcomes were reported. The technique for reconstruction (Parisi Technique) consists on a loop of bowel shifted up antecolic to directly perform the esophago-enteric anastomosis followed by a second loop, measured up to 40 cm starting from the esojejunostomy, fixed to the biliary limb to create an enteroenteric anastomosis...
June 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680874/the-potential-benefits-of-applying-recent-advances-in-esophageal-motility-testing-in-patients-with-esophageal-atresia
#13
REVIEW
Nathalie Rommel, Maissa Rayyan, Charlotte Scheerens, Taher Omari
Infants and children with esophageal atresia commonly present with swallowing dysfunction or dysphagia. Dysphagia can lead to a range of significant consequences such as aspiration pneumonia, malnutrition, dehydration, and food impaction. To improve oral intake, the clinical diagnosis of dysphagia in patients with esophageal atresia should focus on both the pharynx and the esophagus. To characterize the complex interactions of bolus flow and motor function between mouth, pharynx, and esophagus, a detailed understanding of normal and abnormal deglutition is required through the use of adequate and objective assessment techniques...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671789/-esophago-gastric-complications-after-ablation-in-atrial-fibrillation
#14
Pierrette Gast, Jean-Philippe Loly, Philippe Leclercq, Édouard Louis
Atrial-esophageal fistula (AOF) after ablation in atrial fibrillation has a fatal outcome. Fully documented in 2004, AOF has never completely disappeared despite technological evolvements. Survival depends on early recognition and treatment. Gastroscopy allows early detection of esophageal lesions. We summarize here AOF mechanisms, evoking symptoms and treatment ; contribution of gastroscopy in early detection ; and finally symptoms from vagal and phrenic nerve injuries. This information is useful for emergency doctors, gastroenterologists / endoscopists, and general practitioners...
August 24, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646333/feeding-jejunostomy-associated-small-bowel-necrosis-after-elective-esophago-gastric-resection
#15
Omer S Al-Taan, Robert N Williams, James A Stephenson, Melanie Baker, S Murthy Nyasavajjala, David J Bowrey
BACKGROUND: Feeding jejunostomy has increasingly become a standard adjunctive procedure during major esophago-gastric resections. They provide nutritional support during the post-operative period as required. However, significant early complications have been reported, most notably small bowel necrosis. Literature reports have been restricted to case reports or series. This study aims to determine the frequency of this complication in a cohort of patients undergoing esophago-gastric resection, and identify any difference in the risk of this complication between patients undergoing esophagectomy and gastrectomy...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638010/-evaluating-an-effectiveness-of-surgical-treatment-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-combined-with-hiatal-hernia
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
V V Mozharovskiy, A A Tsyganov, K V Mozharovskiy, A A Tarasov
AIM: To assess an effectiveness of surgical treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) combined with hiatal hernia (HH). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The trial included 96 patients with GERD and HH who were divided into 2 groups. The principal difference between groups was the use of surgery in the main group and therapeutic treatment in the comparison group. RESULTS: The effectiveness of surgical treatment is superior to therapeutic treatment of GERD by more than 2...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635204/esophago-pulmonary-fistula-manifesting-as-recurrent-pneumonias-and-migrating-mediastinal-calcifications
#17
Jadd Kebbe, Sai Yendamuri, Charles Roche, Kassem Harris, Samjot Singh Dhillon
A 43-year old man presented with recurrent pneumonias, episodes of hemoptysis and an enlarging right lower lobe mass. A clear diagnosis was not previously established in spite of multiple radiological evaluations and biopsies. Meticulous review of his CT imaging showed that he had subcarinal calcification on his prior CT scans, which had decreased in size and now multiple new small areas of calcifications were seen in the right lower lobe lesion. An esophago-pulmonary fistula due to migration of mediastinal calcifications was suspected which was identified on careful review of the CT chest and confirmed by esophagogastroduodenoscopy...
May 18, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572086/functional-morphology-of-the-lower-esophageal-sphincter-and-crural-diaphragm-determined-by-three-dimensional-high-resolution-esophago-gastric-junction-pressure-profile-and-ct-imaging
#18
Ravinder K Mittal, Ali Zifan, Dushyant Kumar, Melissa Ledgerwood-Lee, Erika Ruppert, Gary Ghahremani
The smooth muscles of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and skeletal muscles of the crural diaphragm (CD) provide a closure/antireflux barrier mechanism at the esophago-gastric junction (EGJ). A number of questions in regard to the pressure profile of the LES and CD remain unclear, e.g., 1) Why is the LES pressure profile circumferentially asymmetric, 2) Is the crural diaphragm (CD) contraction also circumferentially asymmetric, and 3) Where is the LES and CD pressure profile located in the anatomy of the esophagus and stomach? The three-dimensional (3-D) high-resolution esophageal manometry (HRM) catheter can record a detailed profile of the EGJ pressure; however, it does not allow the determination of the circumferential orientation of individual pressure transducers in vivo...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568053/low-vitamin-b12-increases-risk-of-gastric-cancer-a-prospective-study-of-one-carbon-metabolism-nutrients-and-risk-of-upper-gastrointestinal-tract-cancer
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Eugenia H Miranti, Rachael Stolzenberg-Solomon, Stephanie J Weinstein, Jacob Selhub, Satu Männistö, Philip R Taylor, Neal D Freedman, Demetrius Albanes, Christian C Abnet, Gwen Murphy
Previous studies have found associations between one-carbon metabolism nutrients and risk of several cancers, but little is known regarding upper gastrointestinal tract (UGI) cancer. We analyzed prediagnostic serum concentrations of several one-carbon metabolism nutrients (vitamin B12, folate, vitamin B6, riboflavin and homocysteine) in a nested case-control study within the Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention (ATBC) Study of male smokers, which was undertaken in Finland between 1985 and 1988...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514381/-complications-and-long-term-results-of-delayed-esophagoezophagostomy-for-esophageal-atresia
#20
A Yu Razumovsky, A B Alkhasov, O G Mokrushina, M A Chundokova, N V Kulikova, A G Gebekov, S A Gebekova
AIM: To evaluate complications and long-term results of delayed esophagoesophagostomy in children with esophageal atresia (EA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: 165 EA children were operated at the Filatov Municipal Children's Hospital #13 for the period 2006-2016. Primary esophageal anastomosis was performed in 136 (82.4%) children with tracheoesophageal fistula. In 5 (3%) neonates with non-fistulous EA esophago- and gastrostomy were made for further coloesophagoplasty. Other 24 (14...
2017: Khirurgiia
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