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Elisabeth Meloni Vieira, Aylene Bousquat, Claudia Renata Dos Santos Barros, Maria Cecilia Goi Porto Alves
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to contextualize adolescent pregnancy from milestones associated with the process of transition from youth to adulthood. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted with 200 adolescents, users of the Brazilian Unified Health System. The sample size for the estimation of proportions has been calculated assuming a population ratio of 0.50 and 95% confidence level. The dependent variables - planned pregnancy, living with a partner, and having left the parents' house - have been considered as markers of transition from dependence to independence, from youth to adulthood...
March 30, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
Maria do Carmo Leal, Sonia Duarte de Azevedo Bittencourt, Raquel Maria Cardoso Torres, Roberta Pereira Niquini, Paulo Roberto Borges de Souza
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify the social and demographic determinants, in addition to the determinants of reproductive health and use of health services, associated with infant mortality in small and medium-sized cities of the North, Northeast and Southeast regions of Brazil. METHODS: This is a case-control study with 803 cases of death of children under one year and 1,969 live births (controls), whose mothers lived in the selected cities in 2008. The lists of the names of cases and controls were extracted from the Sistema de Informação sobre Mortalidade (SIM - Mortality Information System) and the Sistema de Informação sobre Nascidos Vivos (SINASC - Live Birth Information System) and supplemented by data obtained by the research of "active search of death and birth"...
March 2, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
Betina Soldateli, Alvaro Vigo, Elsa Regina Justo Giugliani
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of educational dietary intervention offered in the child's first year of life, as well as teenage mothers and grandmothers in carrying out the dietary recommendations at four to seven years. METHODS: Randomized clinical trial initiated in 2006, in Porto Alegre, RS, involving 323 teenage mothers and grandmothers who cohabited. The intervention consisted of six counseling sessions on breastfeeding and healthy complementary feeding. The first session occurred in the maternity ward and the other ones in the households of mothers at seven, 15, 30, 60, and 120 days of the child's life...
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
Isaiane da Silva Carvalho, Rosineide Santana de Brito
OBJECTIVE: Describing the obstetric care provided in public maternity hospitals during normal labour using the Bologna Score in the city of Natal, Northeastern Brazil. METHOD: A quantitative cross-sectional study conducted with 314 puerperal women. Data collection was carried out consecutively during the months of March to July 2014. RESULTS: Prenatal care was provided to 95.9% of the mothers, beginning around the 1st trimester of pregnancy (72...
September 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Marina Parca Cavelagna Teixeira, Tatiana Peloso Reis Queiroga, Maria Dos Anjos Mesquita
Objective: To determine the frequency and risk factors of small-for-gestational-age newborns in a high-risk maternity. Methods: This is an observational, cross-sectional, and case-control study, conducted in a public tertiary care maternity hospital. Data from 998 newborns and their mothers were collected through interviews and review of medical records and prenatal care cards. Some placentas underwent histopathological analysis. The variables of small-for-gestational-age and non-small-for-gestational-age newborns and of their mothers were statistically compared by means of Student's t test, Fisher's exact test, and odds ratio...
July 2016: Einstein
Juliane Dias Aldrighi, Marilene Loewen Wall, Silvana Regina Rossi Kissula Souza, Franciane Zabloski Vieira Cancela
OBJECTIVE: To identify in the literature how the experiences of women age 35 or above are described in terms of pregnancy. METHOD: Integrative review based on MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL, LILACS, and SciELO databases, with no time period constraint. RESULTS: Eighteen studies that dealt with the experiences of pregnant women at an advanced maternal age were selected and analyzed. The studies evidenced four theme categories: the search for information, which pointed to a deficit of information supplied by health care professionals; perceiving the risks, which pointed to women's concerns about their own health and their children's; the ideal moment for motherhood, with different reasons for postponing it; and adjusting to a new routine, showing a concern regarding changes in daily life...
May 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Elieni Paula Dos Santos, Rosângela Aparecida Pimenta Ferrari, Maria Rita Bertolozzi, Alexandrina Aparecida Maciel Cardelli, Christine Bacarat de Godoy, Flávia Françoso Genovesi
OBJECTIVE: To analyze infant death after discharge from maternity in the time period between 2000 and 2013. METHOD: A cross-sectional retrospective quantitative study in a municipality northward in the state of Paraná. Data were analyzed using the SPSS®, and were subjected to Chi-square test, logistical regression, 95% confidence interval, and a significance level of p <0.05. RESULTS: Two hundred forty-nine children were born, discharged from maternity and subsequently died; 10...
May 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Reginaldo Roque Mafetoni, Antonieta Keiko Kakuda Shimo
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the effects of acupressure on the sanyinjiao point for pregnant women in labor at public maternity wards. METHOD: single-blind controlled clinical trial, randomly done employing a pragmatic profile. We selected 156 pregnant women in their ≥ 37 week/s, who had cervical dilations of ≥ 4 cm and with two or more contractions in 10 minutes. The pregnant women were randomly divided into three groups at a university hospital in the suburbs of Sao Paulo, Brazil, in order to receive either acupressure treatment, a placebo or participate as part of a control group...
August 8, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Carlos Grandi, Angélica Veiga, Nancy Mazzitelli, Ricardo de Carvalho Cavalli, Viviane Cardoso
Introduction The placenta, translates how the fetus experiences the maternal environment and is a principal influence on birth weight (BW). Objective To explore the relationship between placental growth measures (PGMs) and BW in a public maternity hospital. Methods Observational retrospective study of 870 singleton live born infants at Hospital Maternidad Sardá, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina, between January 2011 and August 2012 with complete data of PGMs. Details of history, clinical and obstetrical maternal data, labor and delivery and neonatal outcome data, including placental measures derived from the records, were evaluated...
August 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Renan Rocha Soares, Izildinha Maestá, José Colón, Antonio Braga, Aleydah Salazar, Rafael Cortés Charry, Sue Yazaki Sun, Donald P Goldstein, Ross S Berkowitz
OBJECTIVES: To compare complete hydatidiform mole (CHM) clinical presentation and risk factors associated with GTN development between North American and South American adolescents. METHODS: This non-concurrent cohort study was undertaken including adolescents with CHM referred to centers in North America (New England Trophoblastic Disease Center, Harvard University, USA), and South America (Botucatu Trophoblastic Disease Center-São Paulo State University, Brazil; Trophoblastic Unit of Central University of Venezuela and Maternidad Concepcion Palacios of Caracas, Venezuela) between 1990 and 2012...
September 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Olivia Lúcia Nunes Costa, Eliane Menezes Flores Santos, Viviane Silva de Jesus, Eduardo Martins Netto
PURPOSE: To estimate the future pregnancy success rate in women with a history of recurrent pregnancy loss. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study including 103 women seen at a clinic for recurrent pregnancy loss (loss group) between January 2006 and December 2010 and a control group including 204 pregnant women seen at a low-risk prenatal care unit between May 2007 and April 2008. Both groups were seen in the university teaching hospital the Maternidade Climério de Oliveira, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil...
December 2015: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Olivia Lúcia Nunes Costa, Eliane Menezes Flores Santos, Viviane Silva de Jesus, Eduardo Martins Netto
PURPOSETo estimate the future pregnancy success rate in women with a history of recurrent pregnancy loss.METHODSA retrospective cohort study including 103 women seen at a clinic for recurrent pregnancy loss (loss group) between January 2006 and December 2010 and a control group including 204 pregnant women seen at a low-risk prenatal care unit between May 2007 and April 2008. Both groups were seen in the university teaching hospital the Maternidade Climério de Oliveira, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. Reproductive success rate was defined as an alive-birth, independent of gestational age at birth and survival after the neonatal period...
November 3, 2015: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Ana Catarina Massa, Ricardo Rangel, Manuela Cardoso, Ana Campos
INTRODUCTION: In 2011, a new screening test for gestational diabetes was introduced which allowed an earlier and larger diagnosis with the goal of reducing maternal and perinatal complications. The aim of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of gestational diabetes, compare maternal and perinatal outcomes with the previous and present screening tests and analyze postpartum screening results. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study of women with singletons and gestational diabetes diagnosed during 2009 (n = 223) and 2012 (n = 237), at Maternidade Dr...
January 2015: Acta Médica Portuguesa
Carlos Varea, Susana Fernández-Cerezo
OBJECTIVES: Among the ancestral characteristics of the primate group to which Homo sapiens belongs we find a pattern of daytime physical activity, but one notable exception is birthing which usually begins with night-time labor. In populations with a moderate or high level of medicalized labor, there is evidence that the medical preferences interfere with the underlying biological mechanism for the circadian pattern of human birth. METHODS: This study analyses the hourly patterns of 4,599 single live births in the House of Maternity in Madrid between 1887 and 1892, a period of very limited obstetric intervention and without the influence of artificial lighting...
September 2014: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
Francisco José Bernardez-Zapata, César Moreno-Rey
BACKGROUND: To be able to diagnose and catalogue a patient with imbalance of the acid basic condition a gasometría must be realized. The pH and the gasometría of the blood of umbilical cord are useful tools to study the immediate situation of the newborn child. The values gasométricos in the vein and the artery of the umbilical cord change according to the geographical altitude. OBJECTIVE: To identify the normal values of the venous gases of the umbilical cord in the postpartum immediate one of normal fetuses to term, born by obstetric resolution, without hurt, in the Spanish Hospital of the Mexico City and to identify the difference with the considered normal values for other institutions of different conditions of the Mexican Republic located to different altitudes...
March 2014: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
Geiza César Nhoncanse, Carla Maria R Germano, Lucimar Retto da S de Avó, Débora Gusmão Melo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of congenital defects and to investigate their maternal and perinatal associated aspects by reviewing Birth Certificates. METHODS: Among all born alive infants from January 2003 to December 2007 in Maternidade da Santa Casa de Misericórdia of São Carlos, Southeast Brazil (12,199 infants), cases were identified as the newborns whose Birth Certificates registered any congenital defect. The same sex neonate born immediately after the case was chosen as a control...
March 2014: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
Aline da Silva Medeiros
Maternidade Dr. João Moreira, the first women's hospital in the Brazilian city of Fortaleza, was founded in March 1915. It was created with the goal of reducing infant mortality during childbirth and made the female body an object of medical practice in the city. Its wards were used not just by the city's womenfolk, but also for midwife training courses. In this study, we analyze the dynamics inside the institution: its spatial organization, its healing and disciplinary methods, its relationship with its patients, its medical staff, etc...
July 2013: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
Maria Renilda Nery Barreto
Inaugurated in February 1919 to provide assistance to mothers and children from underprivileged social groups, the nearly century-old Maternidade Pro Matre maternity hospital was an initiative of physician and philanthropist Fernando Magalhães and of feminist Stella de Carvalho Guerra Duval, with the support of society women from Rio de Janeiro. Its creation was part of a mother-child assistance movement that historiography now calls the 'maternalist project,' which was based on the notion of the cultural inseparability of mother and child...
December 2011: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
Carolina Biernat, Karina Ramacciotti
This article discusses the construction of social policies aimed at working women as mothers in Argentina. Thus, we examine the legal corpus, the scope of legislation, and the criticisms of its implementation coming from civil society and from medical, legal and political circles. We focus on the debate about the creation of the Caja de Maternidad (1934) and the shifts in the discussions regarding welfare policy for working women during Perón's first term in office. The methodology is based on a qualitative analysis of parliamentary debates, proposals for legislative reform and reactions in the press...
December 2011: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
Elizabeth N Pearce, Carole A Spencer, Jorge H Mestman, Richard H Lee, Liliana M Bergoglio, Paula Mereshian, Xuemei He, Angela M Leung, Lewis E Braverman
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether environmental perchlorate exposure adversely affects thyroid function in women in the first trimester of pregnancy. METHODS: First-trimester pregnant women were recruited from prenatal clinics in the Los Angeles County Hospital, Los Angeles, California, and in the Hospital Universitario de Maternidad dependent Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Córdoba, Argentina, between 2004 and 2007. Spot urine and blood specimens were obtained during the clinic visit...
May 2011: Endocrine Practice
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