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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811471/two-magnon-scattering-in-the-5d-all-in-all-out-pyrochlore-magnet-cd2os2o7
#1
Thi Minh Hien Nguyen, Luke J Sandilands, C H Sohn, C H Kim, Aleksander L Wysocki, In-Sang Yang, S J Moon, Jae-Hyeon Ko, J Yamaura, Z Hiroi, Tae Won Noh
5d pyrochlore oxides with all-in-all-out magnetic order are prime candidates for realizing strongly correlated, topological phases of matter. Despite significant effort, a full understanding of all-in-all-out magnetism remains elusive as the associated magnetic excitations have proven difficult to access with conventional techniques. Here we report a Raman spectroscopy study of spin dynamics in the all-in-all-out magnetic state of the 5d pyrochlore Cd2Os2O7. Through a comparison between the two-magnon scattering and spin-wave theory, we confirm the large single ion anisotropy in this material and show that the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya and exchange interactions play a significant role in the spin-wave dispersions...
August 15, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810665/determinants-of-full-vaccination-status-in-children-aged-12-23-months-in-gur%C3%A3-%C3%A3-and-milange-districts-mozambique-results-of-a-population-based-cross-sectional-survey
#2
Shellese A Shemwell, Meridith B Peratikos, Lázaro González-Calvo, Montse Renom-Llonch, Alexandre Boon, Samuel Martinho, Charlotte B Cherry, Ann F Green, Troy D Moon
Background: In 2011, 64% of children in Mozambique, ages 12-23 months, were fully immunized. Large provincial differences in vaccine uptake exist. Methods: We conducted a survey of 1650 females with children aged 12-23 months in the districts of Gurùé and Milange. Implementation occurred from November to December 2014. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression using R-software 3.0.2 were used to examine factors associated with full vaccination status. ArcGIS version 10...
July 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791270/herlyn-werner-wunderlich-syndrome-an-unusual-presentation-with-pyocolpos
#3
Eun Jung Jung, Moon Hyeong Cho, Da Hyun Kim, Jung Mi Byun, Young Nam Kim, Dae Hoon Jeong, Moon Su Sung, Ki Tae Kim, Kyung Bok Lee
Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome is a rare congenital anomaly of the urogenital tract, which is characterized by the triad of uterus didelphys, obstructed hemivagina, and ipsilateral renal agenesis. It usually presents at puberty with pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, and a vaginal or pelvic mass. Although rare, it may present with purulent vaginal discharge due to secondary infection of the obstructed hemivagina, making diagnosis difficult. A careful pelvic examination to identify the cervix and vagina is the key to the diagnosis of Müllerian duct anomalies and magnetic resonance imaging can provide additional useful information...
July 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782875/comparison-of-trauma-care-systems-in-asian-countries-a-systematic-literature-review
#4
Se Jin Choi, Moon Young Oh, Na Rae Kim, Yoo Joong Jung, Young Sun Ro, Sang Do Shin
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to compare the trauma care systems in Asian countries. METHODS: Asian countries were categorised into three groups; 'lower middle-income country', 'upper middle-income country' and 'high-income country'. The Medline/PubMed database was searched for articles published from January 2005 to December 2014 using relevant key words. Articles were excluded if they examined a specific injury mechanism, referred to a specific age group, and/or did not have full text available...
August 7, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774176/spectrally-resolved-functional-super-resolution-microscopy-reveals-nanoscale-compositional-heterogeneity-in-live-cell-membranes
#5
Seonah Moon, Rui Yan, Samuel J Kenny, Yennie Shyu, Limin Xiang, Wan Li, Ke Xu
By recording the full fluorescence spectra and super-resolved positions of ∼10(6) individual polarity-sensing solvatochromic molecules, we reveal compositional heterogeneity in the membranes of live mammalian cells with single-molecule sensitivity and ∼30 nm spatial resolution. This allowed us to unveil distinct polarity characteristics of the plasma membrane and the membranes of nanoscale intracellular organelles, a result we found to be due to differences in cholesterol levels. Within the plasma membrane, we observed the formation of low-polarity, raft-like nanodomains upon cholesterol addition or cholera-toxin treatment, but found this nanoscale phase separation absent in native cells...
August 16, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763610/bone-regeneration-by-means-of-a-three-dimensional-printed-scaffold-in-a-rat-cranial-defect
#6
Doo Yeon Kwon, Ji Hoon Park, So Hee Jang, Joon Yeong Park, Ju Woong Jang, Byoung Hyun Min, Wan-Doo Kim, Hai Bang Lee, Junhee Lee, Moon Suk Kim
Recently, computer-designed three-dimensional (3D) printing techniques have emerged as an active research area with almost unlimited possibilities. In this study, we used a computer-designed 3D scaffold to drive new bone formation in a bone defect. Poly-L-lactide (PLLA) and bioactive β-tricalcium phosphate (TCP) were simply mixed to prepare ink. PLLA+TCP showed good printability from the micronozzle and solidification within few seconds, indicating that it was indeed printable ink for layer-by-layer printing...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753696/colorectal-endoscopic-full-thickness-resection-using-a-novel-flat-base-over-the-scope-clip-a-prospective-study
#7
Yara Backes, Wouter F W Kappelle, Luuk Berk, Arjun D Koch, John N Groen, Wouter H de Vos Tot Nederveen Cappel, Matthijs P Schwartz, Marjon Kerkhof, Peter D Siersema, Roland Schröder, T G Tan, Miangela M Lacle, Frank P Vleggaar, Leon M G Moons
Background and study aims We aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of a new, flat-based over-the-scope clip (Padlock Clip) for colorectal endoscopic full-thickness resection (eFTR). Patients and methods We prospectively included 26 patients with lesions < 20 mm. Indications for eFTR were re-resection of the scar of a low risk malignant polyp (n = 11), recurrent adenoma in a non-lifting scar (n = 10), non-lifting polyp (n = 4), and an adenoma located in a diverticulum (n = 1)...
July 28, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752293/development-of-recombinant-yarrowia-lipolytica-producing-virus-like-particles-of-a-fish-nervous-necrosis-virus
#8
Van-Trinh Luu, Hye Yun Moon, Jee Youn Hwang, Bo-Kyu Kang, Hyun Ah Kang
Nervous necrosis virus (NNV) causes viral encephalopathy and retinopathy, a devastating disease of many species of cultured marine fish worldwide. In this study, we used the dimorphic non-pathogenic yeast Yarrowia lipolytica as a host to express the capsid protein of red-spotted grouper nervous necrosis virus (RGNNV-CP) and evaluated its potential as a platform for vaccine production. An initial attempt was made to express the codon-optimized synthetic genes encoding intact and N-terminal truncated forms of RGNNV-CP under the strong constitutive TEF1 promoter using autonomously replicating sequence (ARS)-based vectors...
August 2017: Journal of Microbiology / the Microbiological Society of Korea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750891/triaging-the-emergency-department-not-the-patient-united-states-emergency-nurses-experience-of-the-triage-process
#9
Lisa A Wolf, Altair M Delao, Cydne Perhats, Michael D Moon, Kathleen Evanovich Zavotsky
INTRODUCTION: Triage, as it is understood in the context of the emergency department, is the first and perhaps the most formal stage of the initial patient encounter. Bottlenecks during intake and long waiting room times have been linked to higher rates of patients leaving without being seen. The solution in many emergency departments has been to collect less information at triage or use an "immediate bedding" or "pull until full" approach, in which patients are placed in treatment areas as they become available without previous screening...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704810/long-term-prognosis-of-alopecia-totalis-and-alopecia-universalis-a-longitudinal-study-with-more-than-10-years-of-follow-up-better-than-reported
#10
Yong Hyun Jang, Nam-Soo Hong, Sun Young Moon, Dong Hyuk Eun, Won Kee Lee, Seong Geun Chi, Jun Young Kim, Weon Ju Lee, Seok-Jong Lee, Do Won Kim
BACKGROUND: In alopecia totalis (AT) and alopecia universalis (AU), the chance of full hair regrowth is known to be less than 10%. However, this information is based on a few older studies conducted in the 1950s and 1960s. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the current long-term prognosis of individuals with AT/AU. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed in patients with AT/AU between 1994 and 2005. Outcome data were collected by reviewing outpatient clinical files or by phone interviews...
July 14, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697133/pancreatic-duct-in-autoimmune-pancreatitis-intraindividual-comparison-of-magnetic-resonance-pancreatography-at-1-5-t-and-3-0-t
#11
Jin Hee Kim, Jae Ho Byun, Myung-Hwan Kim, Sung Koo Lee, Song Cheol Kim, Hyoung Jung Kim, Seung Soo Lee, So Yeon Kim, Moon-Gyu Lee
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to intraindividually compare magnetic resonance pancreatography (MRP) image quality at 1.5 T and 3.0 T when demonstrating main pancreatic duct (MPD) abnormalities in patients with autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP). METHODS: Thirty prospectively enrolled patients with AIP underwent MRP at both 1.5 T and 3.0 T followed by endoscopic retrograde pancreatography before treatment. Two readers independently analyzed the MRP images and graded the visualization of MPD strictures and full-length MPD, using endoscopic retrograde pancreatography as the reference standard, as well as overall image artifacts on a 4-point scale...
August 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687810/full-left-ventricular-coverage-is-essential-for-the-accurate-quantification-of-the-area-at-risk-by-t1-and-t2-mapping
#12
Heerajnarain Bulluck, Jennifer A Bryant, Mei Xing Lim, Xiao Wei Tan, Manish Ramlall, Rohin Francis, Tushar Kotecha, Hector A Cabrera-Fuentes, Daniel S Knight, Marianna Fontana, James C Moon, Derek J Hausenloy
T2-weighted cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) using a 3-slice approach has been shown to accurately quantify the edema-based area-at-risk (AAR) in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We aimed to compare the performance of a 3-slice approach to full left ventricular (LV) coverage for the AAR by T1 and T2 mapping and MI size. Forty-eight STEMI patients were prospectively recruited and underwent a CMR at 4 ± 2 days. There was no difference between the AARfull LV and AAR3-slices by T1 (P = 0...
July 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670568/maxillary-molar-derotation-and-distalization-by-using-a-nickel-titanium-wire-fabricated-on-a-setup-model
#13
Jong Moon Jung, Young Joo Wi, Hyun Mo Koo, Min Ji Kim, Youn Sic Chun
The purpose of this article is to introduce a simple appliance that uses a setup model and a nickel-titanium (Ni-Ti) wire for correcting the mesial rotation and drift of the permanent maxillary first molar. The technique involves bonding a Ni-Ti wire to the proper position of the target tooth on a setup model, followed by the fabrication of the transfer cap for indirect bonding and its transfer to the patient's teeth. This appliance causes less discomfort and provides better oral hygiene for the patients than do conventional appliances such as the bracket, pendulum, and distal jet...
July 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670230/impact-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-on-daily-life-an-online-survey-by-the-korean-association-for-the-study-of-intestinal-diseases
#14
Young Sun Kim, Sung-Ae Jung, Kang-Moon Lee, Soo Jung Park, Tae Oh Kim, Chang Hwan Choi, Hyun Gun Kim, Won Moon, Chang Mo Moon, Hye Kyoung Song, Soo-Young Na, Suk-Kyun Yang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic disabling gastrointestinal disorder that diminishes the quality of life of the affected individuals. Limited data are available regarding the impact of IBD on the daily life of Koreans. METHODS: Self-administered, computer-aided, internet-based questionnaires were distributed to members of a Korean patient organization for IBD from March to April 2013, by the Korean Association for the Study of Intestinal Diseases...
July 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622022/comparison-of-clinical-and-radiological-results-in-the-arthroscopic-repair-of-full-thickness-rotator-cuff-tears-with-and-without-the-anterior-attachment-of-the-rotator-cable
#15
Nam Su Cho, Seong Cheol Moon, Se Jung Hong, Seong Hae Bae, Yong Girl Rhee
BACKGROUND: The anterior rotator cable is critical in force transmission of the rotator cuff. However, few clinical studies have examined the correlation between the integrity of the anterior supraspinatus tendon and surgical outcomes in patients with rotator cuff tears. PURPOSE: To compare the clinical and structural outcomes of the arthroscopic repair of full-thickness rotator cuff tears with and without anterior disruption of the supraspinatus tendon. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605492/growth-related-major-recanalization-of-coiled-aneurysms-incidence-and-risk-factors
#16
Young Dae Cho, Jin Pyeong Jeon, Dong Hyun Yoo, Won-Sang Cho, Hyun-Seung Kang, Jeong Eun Kim, Moon Hee Han
BACKGROUND: Though endovascular techniques and procedural devices continue to advance, recurrence of embolized aneurysms is still problematic. Enlarging size during follow-up is the presumed basis of recanalization in some lesions, but such growth has not been adequately investigated. OBJECTIVE: To generate estimates of growth in coiled aneurysms with major recanalization, focusing on incidence and risk factors involved. METHODS: A cohort of 134 patients harboring 139 aneurysms were retrospectively reviewed, each subjected to re-embolization for major recanalization after initial coil embolization...
June 10, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598663/measurement-of-the-%C3%AF-lepton-polarization-and-r-d-in-the-decay-b-over-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-d-%C3%AF-%C3%AE-over-%C3%A2-_-%C3%AF
#17
S Hirose, T Iijima, I Adachi, K Adamczyk, H Aihara, S Al Said, D M Asner, H Atmacan, V Aulchenko, T Aushev, R Ayad, V Babu, I Badhrees, A M Bakich, V Bansal, E Barberio, P Behera, M Berger, B Bhuyan, J Biswal, A Bondar, G Bonvicini, A Bozek, M Bračko, T E Browder, D Červenkov, P Chang, A Chen, B G Cheon, K Chilikin, R Chistov, K Cho, Y Choi, D Cinabro, M Danilov, N Dash, S Di Carlo, J Dingfelder, Z Doležal, Z Drásal, D Dutta, S Eidelman, D Epifanov, H Farhat, J E Fast, T Ferber, B G Fulsom, V Gaur, N Gabyshev, A Garmash, P Goldenzweig, B Golob, D Greenwald, J Grygier, J Haba, K Hara, J Hasenbusch, K Hayasaka, H Hayashii, T Higuchi, W-S Hou, C-L Hsu, K Inami, G Inguglia, A Ishikawa, R Itoh, Y Iwasaki, W W Jacobs, I Jaegle, Y Jin, D Joffe, K K Joo, T Julius, Y Kato, T Kawasaki, H Kichimi, C Kiesling, D Y Kim, J B Kim, K T Kim, M J Kim, S H Kim, K Kinoshita, P Kodyš, S Korpar, D Kotchetkov, P Križan, P Krokovny, T Kuhr, R Kulasiri, R Kumar, Y-J Kwon, J S Lange, C H Li, L Li, Y Li, L Li Gioi, J Libby, D Liventsev, M Lubej, T Luo, J MacNaughton, M Masuda, T Matsuda, D Matvienko, K Miyabayashi, H Miyake, H Miyata, R Mizuk, G B Mohanty, H K Moon, T Mori, R Mussa, M Nakao, T Nanut, K J Nath, Z Natkaniec, M Nayak, M Niiyama, N K Nisar, S Nishida, S Ogawa, S Okuno, H Ono, Y Onuki, W Ostrowicz, P Pakhlov, G Pakhlova, B Pal, C W Park, H Park, S Paul, L Pesántez, R Pestotnik, L E Piilonen, K Prasanth, M Ritter, A Rostomyan, M Rozanska, Y Sakai, S Sandilya, L Santelj, T Sanuki, Y Sato, V Savinov, T Schlüter, O Schneider, G Schnell, C Schwanda, Y Seino, K Senyo, O Seon, M E Sevior, V Shebalin, C P Shen, T-A Shibata, J-G Shiu, F Simon, A Sokolov, E Solovieva, M Starič, J F Strube, K Sumisawa, T Sumiyoshi, M Takizawa, U Tamponi, F Tenchini, K Trabelsi, M Uchida, T Uglov, Y Unno, S Uno, P Urquijo, Y Ushiroda, Y Usov, C Van Hulse, G Varner, K E Varvell, A Vossen, C H Wang, M-Z Wang, P Wang, M Watanabe, Y Watanabe, E Widmann, E Won, Y Yamashita, H Ye, J Yelton, C Z Yuan, Z P Zhang, V Zhilich, V Zhulanov, A Zupanc
We report the first measurement of the τ lepton polarization P_{τ}(D^{*}) in the decay B[over ¯]→D^{*}τ^{-}ν[over ¯]_{τ} as well as a new measurement of the ratio of the branching fractions R(D^{*})=B(B[over ¯]→D^{*}τ^{-}ν[over ¯]_{τ})/B(B[over ¯]→D^{*}ℓ^{-}ν[over ¯]_{ℓ}), where ℓ^{-} denotes an electron or a muon, and the τ is reconstructed in the modes τ^{-}→π^{-}ν_{τ} and τ^{-}→ρ^{-}ν_{τ}. We use the full data sample of 772×10^{6}  BB[over ¯] pairs recorded with the Belle detector at the KEKB electron-positron collider...
May 26, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594455/broadband-light-absorption-and-efficient-charge-separation-using-a-light-scattering-layer-with-mixed-cavities-for-high-performance-perovskite-photovoltaic-cells-with-stability
#18
Byeong Cheul Moon, Jung Hyo Park, Dong Ki Lee, Nikolai Tsvetkov, Ilwoo Ock, Kyung Min Choi, Jeung Ku Kang
CH3 NH3 PbI3 is one of the promising light sensitizers for perovskite photovoltaic cells, but a thick layer is required to enhance light absorption in the long-wavelength regime ranging from PbI2 absorption edge (500 nm) to its optical band-gap edge (780 nm) in visible light. Meanwhile, the thick perovskite layer suppresses visible-light absorption in the short wavelengths below 500 nm and charge extraction capability of electron-hole pairs produced upon light absorption. Herein, we find that a new light scattering layer with the mixed cavities of sizes in 100 and 200 nm between transparent fluorine-doped tin oxide and mesoporous titanium dioxide electron transport layer enables full absorption of short-wavelength photons (λ < 500 nm) to the perovskite along with enhanced absorption of long-wavelength photons (500 nm < λ < 780 nm)...
August 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579285/the-experience-of-advanced-practice-nurses-in-us-emergency-care-settings
#19
Lisa A Wolf, Altair M Delao, Cydne Perhats, Michael D Moon, Margaret J Carman
INTRODUCTION: Little information has been published regarding the actual practice, training, and validation of basic skills and competencies needed by the advanced practice registered nurse (APRN) in the emergency care setting. The purpose of this study was to (1) identify skills being performed by APRNs practicing in emergency care settings (2); explore types of training; and (3) describe competency validation. Additionally, we explored frequency of skill use and facilitators and barriers to performing a skill to the full extent of training and education...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574290/peat-moss-sphagnum-riparium-follows-a-circatrigintan-growth-rhythm-in-situ-a-case-report
#20
V L Mironov, A Y Kondratev
In situ growth of Sphagnum riparium Ångstr. shoots were monitored during the 2015 and 2016 growing seasons in Karelia, Russia. It was established that shoot growth rates fluctuated with a period of around 30 days, that is, showed a circatrigintan rhythm. Such rhythms from mosses have not been previously reported. Correlation of growth rates with the percentage of the illuminated portion of the Moon was statistically significant (p<0.01) in both years. Shoot growth rates were reliably higher around the new Moon compared to the full Moon...
June 2, 2017: Chronobiology International
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