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Ankylosing spondyloarthropathy

Bruce Rothschild
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists as to possible correlation of periodontal disease with rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis. Confounding factors may relate to stringency of inflammatory disease diagnosis and to effect on periodontal disease of therapeutic intervention for rheumatoid arthritis. These were investigated. METHODS: Forty-five individuals with documented rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthropathy and calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease were examined from the Hamann-Todd collection of human skeletons compiled between 1912 and 1938, in addition to fifteen individuals contemporarily incorporated in the collection were examined for tooth loss, cavity occurrence, average and maximum lingual and buccal depth of the space between tooth and bone, periosteal reaction, serpentine bone resorption, abscess formation and root penetration of bone surface and analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA)...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
Joachim Sieper, Tim Holbrook, Christopher M Black, Robert Wood, Xiaohan Hu, Sumesh Kachroo
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis (nr-axSpA) on patients and society based on real-world evidence from the Adelphi nr-axSpA Disease Specific Programme, a cross-sectional survey of rheumatologists and their patients in Germany, France, Spain, Italy and the UK. METHODS: Physicians completed patient record forms for the next two patients consulting with nr-axSpA (diagnosis at the physician's judgement); patients were invited to complete a patient self-completion form...
August 31, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Jamileh Moghimi, Ali Asghar Rezaei, Raheb Ghorbani, Mohammad Reza Razavi, Daryoush Pahlevan
In the current study, the overall prevalence and the main underlying etiologies of inflammatory low back pain (ILBP) were determined, and the effectiveness of treatment with sulfasalazine was investigated in patients with inflammatory versus mechanical low back pain (LBP). In a prospective study conducted from July 2013 until August 2015, 1,779 consecutive patients within the age range of 18-50 years with a primary complaint of LBP referring to the rheumatology clinics were included. The patients were classified into two distinct groups: those suffering from ILBP (n=118) and those having mechanical LBP (n=1,661)...
2016: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Claudia Fabiani, Antonio Vitale, Giuseppe Lopalco, Florenzo Iannone, Bruno Frediani, Luca Cantarini
The purpose of the present review was to provide a comprehensive picture of the efficacy of the different tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α inhibiting agents in the treatment of acute anterior uveitis (AAU), the most common extra-articular manifestation of ankylosing spondylitis (AS). AS related, AAU may lead to severe visual impairment, due to frequent flare recurrences, anterior, and posterior segment complications and traditional treatment side effects. Considerably higher levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) have been assessed in the aqueous humor and inflamed joints of patients with AS...
November 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
Kalliopi Klavdianou, Stamatis-Nick Liossis, Lazaros Sakkas, Dimitrios Daoussis
BACKGROUND: Dickkopf-1 (Dkk-1) is a soluble inhibitor of the canonical Wnt pathway, which plays critical roles in embryonic development. Evidence suggests that this molecule regulates several aspects of both bone biology and fibrosis. OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of our current knowledge of the role of Dkk-1 in joint remodeling and fibrosis. METHODS: We performed an electronic search (Medline) using the following key words: Dickkopf-1 (or Dkk-1), new bone formation, joint remodeling, ankylosing spondylitis, systemic sclerosis (or scleroderma), and fibrosis, supplemented by a manual search of references from retrieved articles...
August 23, 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
Adel Mahmoud, Dalia Fayez, Mervat Mammdouh Abou Gabal, Sherin Mohamed Hosny Hamza, Takwa Badr
INTRODUCTION: Fusion of joints as well as intervertebral spaces by the formation of bony spurs appearing as syndesmophytes and osteophytes are the hallmark of spondyloarthropathies which accounts for disability. The aim of this study was to assess the serum level of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-7 in ankylosing spondylitis and its relationship with disease activity and the radiographic damage. METHODS: This longitudinal case control study was conducted in Ain Shams University Hospitals (Egypt)...
July 2016: Electronic Physician
Nihal Ozaras, Nuri Havan, Emine Poyraz, Aylin Rezvanı, Teoman Aydın
[Purpose] Spondyloarthritis is a major inflammatory disease followed-up in the rheumatology clinics, foot involvement in spodyloarthritis is common. The functional states of patients with spondyloarthritis are usually evaluated globally. The aim of this study was to assess the foot involvement-related functional limitations in patients with spondyloarthritis. [Subjects and Methods] Patients with ankylosing spondylitis and psoriatic arthritis with foot pain more than 4 weeks who underwent anteroposterior and lateral feet radiography were enrolled into the study...
July 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
N Lesuis, L M Verhoef, L M Nieboer, G A Bruyn, P Baudoin, R F van Vollenhoven, Mejl Hulscher, Fhj van den Hoogen, A A den Broeder
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of education, guideline development, and individualized treatment advice on rheumatologist adherence to tight control-based treatment and biological dose optimization in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), and spondyloarthropathy (SpA) patients. METHOD: This pilot study, among two rheumatologists and two specialized nurses in a general hospital, combined education, feedback, local guideline development, and individualized treatment advice...
July 27, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
Mahdi Mahmoudi, Saeed Aslani, Mohammad Hossein Nicknam, Jafar Karami, Ahmad Reza Jamshidi
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease, characterized by typically an axial arthritis. AS is the prototype of a group of disorders called spondyloarthropathies, which is believed to have common clinical manifestations and genetic predisposition. To date, the exact etiology of AS remains unclear. Over the past few years, however, the role of genetic susceptibility and epigenetic modifications caused through environmental factors have been extensively surveyed with respect to the pathogenesis of AS, resulted in important advances...
July 18, 2016: Modern Rheumatology
Amra Adrovic, Kenan Barut, Sezgin Sahin, Ozgur Kasapcopur
Juvenile spondyloarthropathies represent a clinical entity separate from the adult disease. Initial clinical signs of juvenile spondyloarthropathies often include lower extremity arthritis and enthesopathy, without axial involvement at the disease onset. Asymmetrical oligoarthritis of lower extremities is typically seen in this type of arthritis. Enthesopathy, which is the hallmark of the disease, is most commonly seen in the Achilles tendon, being manifested by heel pain. Anterior uveitis and HLA-B27 positivity are seen in a proportion of cases...
August 2016: Current Rheumatology Reports
Anne Grete Semb, Silvia Rollefstad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
Denis Wakefield, William Yates, Shahriar Amjadi, Peter McCluskey
Acute anterior uveitis (AAU) is the commonest type of uveitis and HLA-B27 AAU is the most frequently recognized type of acute anterior uveitis and anterior uveitis overall. Recent evidence indicates that acute anterior uveitis is a heterogenous disease, is polygenic and is frequently associated with the spondyloarthropathies (SpA). Studies of patients with AAU and animal models of disease indicate a role for innate immunity, the IL-23 cytokine pathway and exogenous factors, in the pathogenesis of both SpA and acute anterior uveitis...
August 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Laura J Kopplin, George Mount, Eric B Suhler
Acute anterior uveitis is generally recognized as the most common form of uveitis. An association with HLA-B27 is seen in approximately half of cases of acute anterior uveitis. The prevalence of HLA-B27 varies widely between ethnic populations, with an approximate 8-10% prevalence in non-Hispanic whites and lower prevalence in Mexican- (4%) and African- (2-4%) Americans. A group of systemic inflammatory diseases, the spondyloarthropathies, similarly demonstrates a strong association with HLA-B27. The strength of association varies, depending on the specific spondyloarthropathy, with the strongest association found in patients with ankylosing spondylitis...
August 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Yasemin Ozkan
Ankylosing spondylitis is one of the subgroup of diseases called "seronegative spondyloarthropathy". Frequently, it affects the vertebral colon and sacroiliac joint primarily and affects the peripheral joints less often. This chronic, inflammatory and rheumatic disease can also affect the extraarticular regions of the body. The extraarticular affections can be ophthalmologic, cardiac, pulmonary or neurologic. The cardiac affection can be 2-10% in all patients. Cardiac complications such as left ventricular dysfunction, aortitis, aortic regurgitation, pericarditis and cardiomegaly are reviewed...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Bedriye Baskan, Erol Oten, Filiz Sivas, Filiz Eser, Fatma Gul Yurdakul, Semra Duran, Hatice Bodur
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the relation between vitamin D levels, vertebral deformities, functional status, quality of life, acute phase reactants and enthesopathy in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-two patients with PsA and 52 controls were enrolled to the study. Routine blood tests and serums 25-(OH)D3 were measured. The thoracic and lumbar vertebrae deformities identified in the radiographies were evaluated by a radiologist...
January 11, 2016: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
Mark Asquith, James T Rosenbaum
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The intestinal microbiome is increasingly implicated in the pathogenesis of ankylosing spondylitis, reactive arthritis, and other diseases collectively known as the spondyloarthropathies (SpAs). In common with other complex inflammatory diseases, SpAs have both a strong genetic and environmental component. Recent genetic studies have highlighted host pathways that may intersect the host-microbiota interaction and offer novel paradigms to understand the pathophysiology of these diseases...
July 2016: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
Max C Lau, Patricia Keith, Mary-Ellen Costello, Linda A Bradbury, Kelly A Hollis, Ranjeny Thomas, Gethin P Thomas, Matthew A Brown, Tony J Kenna
OBJECTIVES: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a highly heritable immune-mediated arthropathy. Inflammation in AS is poorly understood. TBX21 encodes T-bet, a transcription factor, lying within a locus with genome-wide significant association with AS. T-bet is implicated in innate and adaptive immunity. However, the role of T-bet in AS pathogenesis is unclear. METHODS: We assessed the importance of T-bet in disease development and progression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 172 AS cases and 83 healthy controls carrying either risk or protective alleles of the peak AS-associated TBX21 single nucleotide polymorphism...
April 28, 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Neeraj Agrawal, Kavita Agarwal, Atul Varshney, Navneet Agrawal, Ashutosh Dubey
HLA-B27 is having strong association to ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and other inflammatory diseases collectively known as seronegative spondyloarthropathy. In literature, although the evidence for association between AS and periodontitis as well as AS and HLA-B27 are there but the association of aggressive periodontitis in HLA-B27 positive patient with AS are not there. We hypothesize that there may be a common pathogenesis in aggressive periodontitis and ankylosing spondylitis in HLA-B27 patient. A 27-years-old female presented with the features of generalized aggressive periodontitis and difficulty in walking...
May 2016: Medical Hypotheses
Tae-Jong Kim, Ji-Hui Shin, Il-Hoon Sung, Seunghun Lee, Yoonah Song, Tae-Hwan Kim
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate differences in radiographic progression between adult-onset ankylosing spondylitis (AoAS) and juvenile-onset ankylosing spondylitis (JoAS). METHODS: A total of 533 patients (418 patients with AoAS and 115 patients with JoAS) from the Observation Study of Korean spondyloArthropathy Registry (OSKAR) cohort were enrolled. All baseline OSKAR data were analysed in relation to disease onset and radiographic progression was analysed between the groups over 5 years...
July 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Oliwia Rysnik, Kirsty McHugh, Leonie van Duivenvoorde, Melissa van Tok, Giuliana Guggino, Joel Taurog, Simon Kollnberger, Francesco Ciccia, Dominique Baeten, Paul Bowness
OBJECTIVES: Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B27 (B27) is the strongest genetic factor associated with development of Ankylosing Spondylitis and other spondyloarthropathies (SpA), yet the role it plays in disease pathogenesis remains unclear. We investigated the expression of potentially pathogenic non-conventional heavy chain forms (NC) of B27 in synovial and intestinal tissues obtained from SpA patients. We also determined the presence of NC-B27 in joints, lymphoid and gastrointestinal tissue from B27 transgenic (TG(1)) rats with M...
June 2016: Journal of Autoimmunity
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