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Nrf2 AND Tgf beta

Ahmed M Kabel, Abeer A Elkhoely
Background: Carboplatin is a drug that is used for treatment of many types of cancer. However, it may produce serious nephrotoxicity. Candesartan is angiotensin II receptor antagonist employed mainly for control of hypertension. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is a fat-soluble substance which was proven to have potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Aim: Our aim was to study the effects of candesartan and/or CoQ10 on carboplatin-induced nephrotoxicity in mice. Methods: Sixty mice were divided into 6 equal groups: Control untreated; carboplatin; carboplatin + candesartan; carboplatin + CoQ10; carboplatin + carboxymethyl cellulose; and carboplatin + candesartan + CoQ10 group...
June 25, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Ahmed M Kabel, Aisha H Al-Shehri, Rehab A Al-Talhi, Maaly A Abd Elmaaboud
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common medical conditions that lead to female infertility worldwide. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of linagliptin and/or indole-3-carbinol (I3C) on PCOS in female rats. Fifty female Wistar rats were randomly allocated into five equal groups: Control group; Letrozole-induced PCOS group; Letrozole + Linagliptin group; Letrozole + I3C group and Letrozole + Linagliptin + I3C group. Body weight, body mass index, Lee index and ovarian indices were determined...
June 13, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
Priscila Machado Rosa, Leo Anderson Meira Martins, Diogo Onofre Souza, André Quincozes-Santos
Resveratrol is a natural polyphenol compound highly found in red wine that displays several beneficial effects on the central nervous system (CNS), preventing or slowing the progression of a wide variety of neurological diseases. Its neuroprotective role is particularly associated to modulation of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory responses in glial cells in a mechanism dependent of heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) signaling pathway. Oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPC), primarily known for giving rise to mature oligodendrocytes, have emerged as dynamic cells that are also important to maintain the CNS homeostasis...
April 29, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
Yuan Liu, Fuai Lu, Lirong Kang, Zhihua Wang, Yongfu Wang
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress is one of the important factors involved in the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). The equilibrium of Nuclear factor-erythroid-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/[BTB (broad-complex, tramtrack and bric-a-brac) and CNC (cap'n'collar protein) homology 1, Bach1] determines the expression level of antioxidant factors, further regulating the function of oxidation/antioxidation capacity. Pirfenidone (PFD) is one of two currently for IPF therapy approved drugs...
April 18, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Kerui Fan, Kejia Wu, Ling Lin, Pu Ge, Jie Dai, Xiaojiao He, Kai Hu, Li Zhang
Increasing evidence suggests that the widely used antidiabetic drug metformin have an extensive therapeutic range beyond hypoglycemic therapy. We previously found that metformin significantly attenuated acute hepatitis. The present study investigated the potential effects of metformin on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced liver fibrosis in mice. The results indicated that treatment with metformin suppressed CCl4-induced elevation of liver index, formation of fibrotic septa, accumulation of connective tissue and upregulation of collagen I...
June 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Ahmed M Kabel, Maaly A Abd Elmaaboud, Aliaa Atef, Mohammed H Baali
Pulmonary fibrosis is a serious medical problem that may significantly compromise respiratory functions. The aim of this work was to study the effect of linagliptin and/or calcipotriol on bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis and to explore the possible mechanisms underlying this effect. One hundred and twenty male C57BL/6 mice were divided into 6 equal groups as follows: control group; bleomycin group; bleomycin+carboxymethylcellulose group; bleomycin+linagliptin group; bleomycin+calcipotriol group and bleomycin+linagliptin+calcipotriol group...
March 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Venkatachalam Sukumaran, Se Chang Park, Sib Sankar Giri
This study evaluated the effects of ginger (Zingiber officinale) as a feeding supplement on the growth, skin mucus immune parameters, and cytokine-related gene expression of Labeo rohita, and its susceptibility to Aeromonas hydrophila infection. Diets containing six different concentrations of dried ginger (0% [basal diet], 0.2% [G2], 0.4% [G4], 0.6% [G6], 0.8% [G8], and 1.0% [G10] were fed to fish (average weight: 12.3 g) for 60 days. Growth parameters were examined at 30 and 60 days post-feeding. Skin mucosal immune responses and gene expression were examined 60 days post-feeding...
October 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Geeske Genrich, Marcus Kruppa, Lennart Lenk, Ole Helm, Anna Broich, Sandra Freitag-Wolf, Christoph Röcken, Bence Sipos, Heiner Schäfer, Susanne Sebens
BACKGROUND: Nuclear factor E2 related factor-2 (Nrf2) is an oxidative stress inducible transcription factor being essential in regulating cell homeostasis. Thus, acute induction of Nrf2 in epithelial cells exposed to inflammation confers protection from oxidative cell damage and mutagenesis supporting an anti-tumorigenic role for Nrf2. However, pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is characterized by persistent Nrf2 activity conferring therapy resistance which points to a pro-tumorigenic role of Nrf2...
February 25, 2016: BMC Cancer
Naoki Oshimori, Daniel Oristian, Elaine Fuchs
Subsets of long-lived, tumor-initiating stem cells often escape cancer therapies. However, sources and mechanisms that generate tumor heterogeneity and drug-resistant cell population are still unfolding. Here, we devise a functional reporter system to lineage trace and/or genetic ablate signaling in TGF-β-activated squamous cell carcinoma stem cells (SCC-SCs). Dissecting TGF-β's impact on malignant progression, we demonstrate that TGF-β concentrating near tumor-vasculature generates heterogeneity in TGF-β signaling at tumor-stroma interface and bestows slower-cycling properties to neighboring SCC-SCs...
February 26, 2015: Cell
Viranuj Sueblinvong, Victor Tseng, Tierra Smith, Ramin Saghafi, Stephen T Mills, David C Neujahr, David M Guidot
BACKGROUND: Chronic alcohol ingestion induces the expression of transforming growth factor beta-1(TGFβ1), inhibits nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2)-mediated activation of the antioxidant response element (ARE), depletes alveolar glutathione pools, and potentiates acute lung injury. In this study, we examined the mechanistic relationship between TGFβ1 and Nrf2-ARE signaling in the experimental alcoholic lung. METHODS: Wild-type mice were treated ± alcohol in drinking water for 8 weeks and their lungs were assessed for Nrf2 expression...
November 2014: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Nina Queisser, Kathrin Happ, Samuel Link, Daniel Jahn, Anna Zimnol, Andreas Geier, Nicole Schupp
Mineralocorticoid receptor blockers show antifibrotic potential in hepatic fibrosis. The mechanism of this protective effect is not known yet, although reactive oxygen species seem to play an important role. Here, we investigated the effects of elevated levels of aldosterone (Ald), the primary ligand of the mineralocorticoid receptor, on livers of rats in a hyperaldosteronism model: aldosterone-induced hypertension. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated for 4 weeks with aldosterone. To distinguish if damage caused in the liver depended on increased blood pressure or on increased Ald levels, the mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist spironolactone was given in a subtherapeutic dose, not normalizing blood pressure...
November 1, 2014: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Chenlin Gao, Wei Huang, Keizo Kanasaki, Yong Xu
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a common and characteristic microvascular complication of diabetes; the mechanisms that cause DN have not been clarified, and the epigenetic mechanism was promised in the pathology of DN. Furthermore, ubiquitination and small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) were involved in the progression of DN. MG132, as a ubiquitin proteasome, could improve renal injury by regulating several signaling pathways, such as NF- κ B, TGF- β , Nrf2-oxidative stress, and MAPK. In this review, we summarize how ubiquitination and sumoylation may contribute to the pathology of DN, which may be a potential treatment strategy of DN...
2014: BioMed Research International
Michael W Epperly, J Richard Chaillet, Ronny Kalash, Ben Shaffer, Julie Goff, Darcy Franicola, Xichen Zhang, Tracy Dixon, Frank Houghton, Hong Wang, Hebist Berhane, Cynthia Romero, Jee-Hong Kim, Joel S Greenberger
Mitochondrial targeted manganese superoxide dismutase is a major antioxidant enzyme, the levels of which modulate the response of cells, tissues and organs to ionizing irradiation. We developed a Tet-regulated MnSOD mouse (MnSOD(tet)) to examine the detailed relationship between cellular MnSOD concentration and radioresistance and carried out in vitro studies using bone marrow culture derived stromal cell lines (mesenchymal stem cells). Homozygous MnSOD(tet/tet) cells had low levels of MnSOD, reduced viability and proliferation, increased radiosensitivity, elevated overall antioxidant stores, and defects in cell proliferation and DNA strand-break repair...
August 2013: Radiation Research
Sixiang You, Eri Nakanishi, Hiroko Kuwata, Jihua Chen, Yasushi Nakasone, Xi He, Jianhua He, Xiangxin Liu, Shirui Zhang, Bin Zhang, De-Xing Hou
SCOPE: Garlic is used for both culinary and medicinal purposes by many cultures. The garlic organosulfur compounds (GOSCs) are thought to be bioactive components. This study aims to clarify the antiinflammatory effects and molecular mechanisms of GOSCs in both cell and animal models. METHODS AND RESULTS: RAW264.7 cells were treated with six kinds of GOSCs to screen their influence on cyclooxygenase-2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase expression by Western blotting...
November 2013: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Yukari Okita, Atsushi Kamoshida, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Ken Itoh, Hozumi Motohashi, Kazuhiko Igarashi, Masayuki Yamamoto, Tomohiro Ogami, Daizo Koinuma, Mitsuyasu Kato
Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) has multiple functions in embryogenesis, adult homeostasis, tissue repair, and development of cancer. Here, we report that TGF-β suppresses the transcriptional activation of the heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) gene, which is implicated in protection against oxidative injury and lung carcinogenesis. HO-1 is a target of the oxidative stress-responsive transcription factor Nrf2. TGF-β did not affect the stabilization or nuclear accumulation of Nrf2 after stimulation with electrophiles...
July 12, 2013: Journal of Biological Chemistry
José Pablo Vázquez-Medina, José G Soñanez-Organis, Ruben Rodriguez, Jose A Viscarra, Akira Nishiyama, Daniel E Crocker, Rudy M Ortiz
Elephant seals naturally experience prolonged periods of absolute food and water deprivation (fasting). In humans, rats and mice, prolonged food deprivation activates the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and increases oxidative damage. In elephant seals, prolonged fasting activates RAS without increasing oxidative damage likely due to an increase in antioxidant defenses. The mechanism leading to the upregulation of antioxidant defenses during prolonged fasting remains elusive. Therefore, we investigated whether prolonged fasting activates the redox-sensitive transcription factor Nrf2, which controls the expression of antioxidant genes, and if such activation is potentially mediated by systemic increases in RAS...
August 1, 2013: Journal of Experimental Biology
Min-Kyung Choi, Jong-Min Han, Hyeong-Geug Kim, Jin-Suk Lee, Jong-Suk Lee, Jing-Hua Wang, Seung-Wan Son, Hye-Jung Park, Chang-Gue Son
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Artemisia capillaris, also called "InJin" in Korean, has been widely used to treat various hepatic disorders in traditional Oriental medicine. AIMS: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the hepatoprotective effect of Artemisia capillaris (aqueous extract, WAC) on alcoholic liver injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Liver injury was induced by oral administration of 30% alcohol (10 mL/kg, twice per day) plus pyrazole (PRZ, 30 mg/kg) with/without WAC (50, 100mg/kg, orally once per day) or silymarin (50mg/kg) for 10 days...
June 3, 2013: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Palanivel Chitra, Gowrikumar Saiprasad, Ramar Manikandan, Ganapasam Sudhandiran
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive, debilitating and fatal lung disorder with high mortality rate. Unfortunately, to date the treatment for IPF remains unsatisfying and in severe cases lung transplantations are performed as a therapeutic measure. Thus, it becomes great interest to find novel agents to treat IPF. Berberine, a plant alkaloid known for its broad pharmacological activities remains a remedy against multiple diseases. This study was hypothesized to investigate the antifibrotic potential of berberine against bleomycin-induced lung injury and fibrosis, a tentative animal model...
May 23, 2013: Toxicology Letters
Lingling Yang, Mingli Qu, Yao Wang, Haoyun Duan, Peng Chen, Ye Wang, Weiyun Shi, Patrik Danielson, Qingjun Zhou
Trichostatin A (TSA) has been shown to prevent fibrosis in vitro and in vivo. The present study aimed at investigating the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging by TSA on transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)-induced myofibroblast differentiation of corneal fibroblasts in vitro. Human immortalized corneal fibroblasts were treated with TGF-β in the presence of TSA, the NAD(P)H oxidase inhibitor diphenyleneiodonium (DPI), the antioxidant N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC), the NF-E2-related factor 2-antioxidant response element (Nrf2-ARE) activator sulforaphane, or small interfering RNA...
March 2013: Molecular Pharmacology
Chang Joo Oh, Joon-Young Kim, Young-Keun Choi, Han-Jong Kim, Ji-Yun Jeong, Kwi-Hyun Bae, Keun-Gyu Park, In-Kyu Lee
TGF-β plays a key role in the development of renal fibrosis. Suppressing the TGF-β signaling pathway is a possible therapeutic approach for preventing this disease, and reports have suggested that Nrf2 protects against renal fibrosis by inhibiting TGF-β signaling. This study examines whether dimethylfumarate (DMF), which stimulates Nrf2, prevents renal fibrosis via the Nrf2-mediated suppression of TGF-β signaling. Results showed that DMF increased nuclear levels of Nrf2, and both DMF and adenovirus-mediated overexpression of Nrf2 (Ad-Nrf2) decreased PAI-1, alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), fibronectin and type 1 collagen expression in TGF-β-treated rat mesangial cells (RMCs) and renal fibroblast cells (NRK-49F)...
2012: PloS One
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