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Motivational enhancement therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913349/brain-computer-interface-for-clinical-purposes-cognitive-assessment-and-rehabilitation
#1
REVIEW
Laura Carelli, Federica Solca, Andrea Faini, Paolo Meriggi, Davide Sangalli, Pietro Cipresso, Giuseppe Riva, Nicola Ticozzi, Andrea Ciammola, Vincenzo Silani, Barbara Poletti
Alongside the best-known applications of brain-computer interface (BCI) technology for restoring communication abilities and controlling external devices, we present the state of the art of BCI use for cognitive assessment and training purposes. We first describe some preliminary attempts to develop verbal-motor free BCI-based tests for evaluating specific or multiple cognitive domains in patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, disorders of consciousness, and other neurological diseases. Then we present the more heterogeneous and advanced field of BCI-based cognitive training, which has its roots in the context of neurofeedback therapy and addresses patients with neurological developmental disorders (autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder), stroke patients, and elderly subjects...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894448/sirtuin-2-deficiency-increases-bacterial-phagocytosis-by-macrophages-and-protects-from-chronic-staphylococcal-infection
#2
Eleonora Ciarlo, Tytti Heinonen, Charlotte Théroude, Jacobus Herderschee, Matteo Mombelli, Jérôme Lugrin, Marc Pfefferlé, Beatrice Tyrrell, Sarah Lensch, Hans Acha-Orbea, Didier Le Roy, Johan Auwerx, Thierry Roger
Sirtuin 2 (SIRT2) is one of the seven members of the family of NAD(+)-dependent histone deacetylases. Sirtuins target histones and non-histone proteins according to their subcellular localization, influencing various biological processes. SIRT2 resides mainly in the cytoplasm and regulates cytoskeleton dynamics, cell cycle, and metabolic pathways. As such, SIRT2 has been implicated in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative, metabolic, oncologic, and chronic inflammatory disorders. This motivated the development of SIRT2-directed therapies for clinical purposes...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886575/changing-social-norms-the-impact-of-normative-feedback-included-in-motivational-enhancement-therapy-on-cannabis-outcomes-among-heavy-using-adolescents
#3
Claire E Blevins, Denise D Walker, Robert S Stephens, Kelsey E Banes, Roger A Roffman
INTRODUCTION: Heavy cannabis use is a problematic behavior, particularly among some adolescents. Adolescents are particularly prone to social influence. As such, injunctive norms (perceptions of others' approval of cannabis use) and descriptive norms (perception of frequency of others' cannabis use) influence cannabis behavior. Given that norms are not always accurate, motivational enhancement therapy aims to reduce cannabis use through normative feedback and correction of normative misconceptions...
September 1, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875511/development-and-evaluation-of-a-manual-for-extended-brief-intervention-for-alcohol-misuse-for-adults-with-mild-to-moderate-intellectual-disabilities-living-in-the-community-the-ebi-ld-study-manual
#4
Christos Kouimtsidis, Katrina Scior, Gianluca Baio, Rachael Hunter, Vittoria Pezzoni, Angela Hassiotis
BACKGROUND: Extended brief interventions for alcohol misuse are effective in the general population. The process of manualising the first ever such intervention for people with mild to moderate intellectual disabilities in the UK is the focus of this study. METHODS: The manual was an adaptation of existing manuals based on Motivational Enhancement and Cognitive Behaviour Therapy and was used in a feasibility randomized controlled trial, the EBI-LD study. The sessions were recorded and scored using an adapted version of the Yale Adherence and Competence Scale (YACS II)...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873842/development-of-a-robotic-system-for-enhancing-children-s-motivation-in-constraint-induced-movement-therapy-cimt
#5
Pavlina Psychouli, Pericles Cheng, Christos Dimopoulos
This paper presents a novel robotic system, which aims to enhance children's motivation through the gamification of the CIMT process. The system offers adjustability of the required movement skills, ensuring children will put increasingly more effort to achieve the rehabilitation goal, while keeping the task fun and engaging.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872765/digital-therapy-in-diabetes
#6
REVIEW
Avivit Cahn, Amit Akirov, Itamar Raz
Diabetes care is largely dependent on patient self-management and empowerment, given that patients with diabetes must make numerous daily decisions of what to eat, when to exercise, and determine their insulin dose and timing if required. Additionally, patients and providers are generating vast amounts of data from many sources including electronic medical records, insulin pumps, sensors, glucometers, other wearables, as well as evolving genomic, proteomic, metabolomic and microbiomic data. Multiple digital tools and apps have been developed to assist patients to choose wisely, as well as enhance their compliance by employing motivational tools and incorporating incentives from social media and gaming techniques...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860723/self-care-management-strategies-used-by-black-women-who-self-report-consistent-adherence-to-antihypertensive-medication
#7
Willie M Abel, Jessica S Joyner, Judith B Cornelius, Danice B Greer
BACKGROUND: Black women in the USA have the highest prevalence rate of hypertension (HTN) contributing to a higher risk of organ damage and death. Research has focused primarily on poorly controlled HTN, negative belief systems, and nonadherence factors that hinder blood pressure control. No known research studies underscore predominantly Black women who report consistent adherence to their antihypertensive medication-taking. The purpose of this study was to describe self-care management strategies used by Black women who self-report consistent adherence to their antihypertensive medication and to determine the existence of further participation in lifestyle modifications, such as eating a healthy diet and increasing physical activity...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831449/american-society-of-clinical-oncology-multidisciplinary-cancer-management-course-connecting-lives-cancer-care-education-and-compassion-in-zimbabwe-a-pilot-for-efforts-of-sustainable-benefit
#8
Sandra Ndarukwa, Anna Mary Nyakabau, Anees B Chagpar, David Raben, Ntokozo Ndlovu, Webster Kadzatsa, Vanessa J Eaton, Paida Mafunda, Evangelia Razis
The burden of cancer in low- to middle-income countries is growing and is expected to rise dramatically while resources to manage this disease remain inadequate. All authorities for the management of cancer recommend multidisciplinary care. Educational efforts by international organizations to assist local professionals in caring for their patients tend to have a lasting impact because they empower local professionals and enhance their skills. A multidisciplinary cancer management course was designed by American Society of Clinical Oncology staff and local experts to provide a roadmap for cross-specialty interaction and coordination of care in Zimbabwe...
August 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816412/motivational-interviewing-to-enhance-treatment-attendance-in-mental-health-settings-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Petra Lawrence, Paul Fulbrook, Shawn Somerset, Paula Schulz
INTRODUCTION: The stages of change model suggests that individuals seeking treatment are in the 'preparation' or the 'action' stage of change, which is the desired outcome of successful Motivational Interviewing (MI) interventions. MI is known to enhance treatment attendance among individuals with mental health problems. AIM: This study examined the published research on MI as a pre-treatment to enhance attendance among individuals treatment-seeking and non-treatment seeking for mental health issues...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797270/implementing-the-teen-marijuana-check-up-in-schools-a-study-protocol
#10
Bryan Hartzler, Aaron R Lyon, Denise D Walker, Lauren Matthews, Kevin M King, Kathryn E McCollister
BACKGROUND: Substance misuse is now encountered in settings beyond addiction specialty care, with schools a point-of-contact for student access to behavioral health services. Marijuana is a leading impetus for adolescent treatment admissions despite declining risk perception, for which the Teen Marijuana Check-Up (TMCU)-a tailored adaptation of motivational enhancement therapy-offers an efficacious service option. To bridge the knowledge gap concerning effective and affordable technical assistance strategies for implementing empirically supported services, the described trial will test such a strategy to facilitate school-based TMCU implementation...
August 10, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770199/a-classification-model-to-predict-the-rate-of-decline-of-kidney-function
#11
Ersoy Subasi, Munevver Mine Subasi, Peter L Hammer, John Roboz, Victor Anbalagan, Michael S Lipkowitz
The African American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension (AASK), a randomized double-blinded treatment trial, was motivated by the high rate of hypertension-related renal disease in the African-American population and the scarcity of effective therapies. This study describes a pattern-based classification approach to predict the rate of decline of kidney function using surface-enhanced laser desorption ionization/time of flight proteomic data from rapid and slow progressors classified by rate of change in glomerular filtration rate...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742932/a-pilot-randomized-clinical-trial-testing-integrated-12-step-facilitation-itsf-treatment-for-adolescent-substance-use-disorder
#12
John F Kelly, Yifrah Kaminer, Christopher W Kahler, Bettina Hoeppner, Julie Yeterian, Julie V Cristello, Christine Timko
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The integration of 12-Step philosophy and practices is common in adolescent substance use disorder (SUD) treatment programs, particularly in North America. However, although numerous experimental studies have tested 12-Step facilitation (TSF) treatments among adults, no studies have tested TSF-specific treatments for adolescents. We tested the efficacy of a novel integrated TSF. DESIGN: Explanatory, parallel-group, randomized clinical trial comparing 10 sessions of either motivational enhancement therapy/cognitive-behavioral therapy (MET/CBT; n = 30) or a novel integrated TSF (iTSF; n = 29), with follow-up assessments at 3, 6 and 9 months following treatment entry...
July 25, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737670/motor-control-training-for-the-shoulder-with-smart-garments
#13
Qi Wang, Liesbet De Baets, Annick Timmermans, Wei Chen, Luca Giacolini, Thomas Matheve, Panos Markopoulos
Wearable technologies for posture monitoring and posture correction are emerging as a way to support and enhance physical therapy treatment, e.g., for motor control training in neurological disorders or for treating musculoskeletal disorders, such as shoulder, neck, or lower back pain. Among the various technological options for posture monitoring, wearable systems offer potential advantages regarding mobility, use in different contexts and sustained tracking in daily life. We describe the design of a smart garment named Zishi to monitor compensatory movements and evaluate its applicability for shoulder motor control training in a clinical setting...
July 22, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664763/brief-compassion-focused-imagery-for-treatment-of-severe-head-injury
#14
Iain N Campbell, Melanie Gallagher, Hamish J McLeod, Brian O'Neill, Tom M McMillan
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether participants with severe head injury (SHI) allocated to a brief compassion focused imagery (CFI) intervention show greater change in compassion than those exposed to relaxation imagery (RI). METHOD: Participants were exposed to a preparatory video to promote engagement and then randomly allocated to intervention. Pre- and post-preparatory measures were Motivation for Intervention and Fears of Compassion Scales, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and PANAS...
June 30, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635973/deconstructing-decisions-to-initiate-maintain-or-discontinue-adjuvant-endocrine-therapy-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-mixed-methods-study
#15
Shirley M Bluethmann, Caitlin C Murphy, Jasmin A Tiro, Michelle A Mollica, Sally W Vernon, Leona Kay Bartholomew
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: Adjuvant endocrine therapy (AET) has been shown to improve survival in hormone receptor-positive breast cancer survivors, but as many as half do not complete recommended treatment. Management of medication-related side effects and engagement with providers are two potentially modifiable factors, but their associations with adherence are not well understood. The aims were to build on survey results to qualitatively explore survivors' experiences with prescribed AET to (a) describe appraisal and management of AET side effects and (b) deconstruct decisions to initiate, discontinue, or maintain AET...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632008/a-cloud-with-a-silver-lining-helping-students-learn-about-professionalism
#16
Rhea J Cohn, Margaret M Plack
PROBLEM: Educators face many challenges in teaching professionalism. Despite attempts to define professionalism, it remains abstract for students and often not fully appreciated until they are in clinic. Without a way to make it personally relevant, students will likely be less motivated to learn. INTERVENTION: We used student-generated word clouds to facilitate reflection and discussions, thereby helping students make their perceptions of professionalism more explicit...
July 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626431/artificial-intelligence-assisted-online-social-therapy-for-youth-mental-health
#17
Simon D'Alfonso, Olga Santesteban-Echarri, Simon Rice, Greg Wadley, Reeva Lederman, Christopher Miles, John Gleeson, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez
Introduction: Benefits from mental health early interventions may not be sustained over time, and longer-term intervention programs may be required to maintain early clinical gains. However, due to the high intensity of face-to-face early intervention treatments, this may not be feasible. Adjunctive internet-based interventions specifically designed for youth may provide a cost-effective and engaging alternative to prevent loss of intervention benefits. However, until now online interventions have relied on human moderators to deliver therapeutic content...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590541/a-conceptual-model-and-clinical-framework-for-integrating-mindfulness-into-family-therapy-with-adolescents
#18
Janet L Brody, David G Scherer, Charles W Turner, Robert D Annett, Jeanne Dalen
Individual and group-based psychotherapeutic interventions increasingly incorporate mindfulness-based principles and practices. These practices include a versatile set of skills such as labeling and attending to present-moment experiences, acting with awareness, and avoiding automatic reactivity. A primary motivation for integrating mindfulness into these therapies is compelling evidence that it enhances emotion regulation. Research also demonstrates that family relationships have a profound influence on emotion regulation capacities, which are central to family functioning and prosocial behavior more broadly...
June 7, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579759/a-randomized-trial-of-individual-versus-group-format-exercise-and-self-management-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-and-comorbid-depression
#19
Martha Sajatovic, Angela L Ridgel, Ellen M Walter, Curtis M Tatsuoka, Kari Colón-Zimmermann, Riane K Ramsey, Elisabeth Welter, Steven A Gunzler, Christina M Whitney, Benjamin L Walter
BACKGROUND: Depression is common in people with Parkinson's disease (PD), and exercise is known to improve depression and PD. However, lack of motivation and low self-efficacy can make exercise difficult for people with PD and comorbid depression (PD-Dep). A combined group exercise and chronic disease self-management (CDSM) program may improve the likeli-hood that individuals will engage in exercise and will show a reduction in depression symptoms. The purpose of this study was to compare changes in depression in PD-Dep between individual versus group exercise plus CDSM and to examine participant adherence and perception of the interventions...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571997/rationale-and-design-of-the-enhancing-outcomes-through-goal-assessment-and-generating-engagement-in-diabetes-mellitus-engage-dm-pragmatic-trial
#20
Julie C Lauffenburger, Jennifer Lewey, Saira Jan, Gina Nanchanatt, Sagar Makanji, Christina A Ferro, John Sheehan, Eric Wittbrodt, Kyle Morawski, Jessica Lee, Roya Ghazinouri, Niteesh K Choudhry
BACKGROUND: Poor glycemic control among patients with diabetes may stem from poor medication and lifestyle adherence or a failure to appropriately intensify therapy. A patient-centered approach could discern the most likely possibility and would then, as appropriate, address patient barriers to non-adherence (using behavioral interviewing methods such as motivational interviewing) or help facilitate choices among treatment augmentation options (using methods such as shared decision-making)...
May 29, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
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