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Motivational enhancement therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763767/to-deliver-or-not-to-deliver-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-eating-disorders-replication-and-extension-of-our-understanding-of-why-therapists-fail-to-do-what-they-should-do
#1
Sandra Mulkens, Chloé de Vos, Anastacia de Graaff, Glenn Waller
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the extent to which therapists fail to apply empirically supported treatments in a sample of clinicians in The Netherlands, delivering cognitive behavioral therapy for eating disorders (CBT-ED). It aimed to replicate previous findings, and to extend them by examining other potential intra-individual factors associated with the level of (non-)use of core CBT-ED techniques. METHOD: Participants were 139 clinicians (127 women; mean age 41...
May 4, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748165/using-mobile-health-gamification-to-facilitate-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-skills-practice-in-child-anxiety-treatment-open-clinical-trial
#2
Gede Pramana, Bambang Parmanto, James Lomas, Oliver Lindhiem, Philip C Kendall, Jennifer Silk
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioral therapy is an efficacious treatment for child anxiety disorders. Although efficacious, many children (40%-50%) do not show a significant reduction in symptoms or full recovery from primary anxiety diagnoses. One possibility is that they are unwilling to learn and practice cognitive behavioral therapy skills beyond therapy sessions. This can occur for a variety of reasons, including a lack of motivation, forgetfulness, and a lack of cognitive behavioral therapy skills understanding...
May 10, 2018: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726310/readiness-to-change-as-a-predictor-of-treatment-engagement-and-outcome-for-partner-violent-men
#3
Ana I Maldonado, Christopher M Murphy
Resistance to change has been long recognized as a barrier to successful intervention for partner violent individuals. Using archival data from a community-based intimate partner violence (IPV) intervention program, the current study investigated readiness to change as a predictor of treatment engagement and outcome in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for IPV, and examined whether court referral status, antisocial personality characteristics, and borderline personality characteristics moderate these associations...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718728/extra-practice-outside-therapy-sessions-to-maximize-training-opportunity-during-inpatient-rehabilitation-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Joan Leung, Sarah Fereday, Bridget Sticpewich, Joe Hanna
OBJECTIVE: To determine if extra practice outside therapy sessions can be conducted for patients with traumatic brain injury and identify factors that influence their participation. METHODS: A purpose-designed survey was conducted on consecutive eligible patients with traumatic brain injury and their relatives on discharge from inpatient rehabilitation. RESULTS: In total, 68 of the 69 of patients who took part in the survey reported that they participated in extra practice outside therapy sessions...
May 2, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706170/a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-motivational-enhancement-therapy-for-alcohol-problems-in-partner-violent-men
#5
Christopher M Murphy, Laura A Ting, Lisa C Jordan, Peter H Musser, Jamie J Winters, Gina M Poole, Steven C Pitts
This study examined the efficacy of brief alcohol intervention in the context of community-based treatment for partner violence. In a randomized clinical trial, 228 partner-violent men with hazardous or problem drinking were recruited at three Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) treatment agencies and randomly assigned to receive one of two 4-session alcohol interventions: Motivational Enhancement Therapy (MET: N = 110) or Alcohol Education (AE: N = 118). After completing alcohol intervention, participants received standard agency counseling services for IPV...
June 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688085/music-therapy-applied-to-complex-blast-injury-in-interdisciplinary-care-a-case-report
#6
Rebecca Vaudreuil, Luis Avila, Joke Bradt, Paul Pasquina
PURPOSE: Music therapy has a long history of treating the physiological, psychological, and neurological injuries of war. Recently, there has been an increase in the use of music therapy and other creative arts therapies in the care of combat injured service members returning to the United States from Iraq and Afghanistan, especially those with complex blast-related injuries. This case report describes the role of music therapy in the interdisciplinary rehabilitation of a severely injured service member...
April 24, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686021/combination-therapy-and-the-evolution-of-resistance-the-theoretical-merits-of-synergism-and-antagonism-in-cancer
#7
Elysia C Saputra, Lu Huang, Yihui Chen, Lisa Tucker-Kellogg
The search for effective combination therapies for cancer has focused heavily on synergistic combinations because they exhibit enhanced therapeutic efficacy at lower doses. Although synergism is intuitively attractive, therapeutic success often depends on whether drug resistance develops. The impact of synergistic combinations (vs. antagonistic or additive combinations) on the process of drug-resistance evolution has not been investigated. In this study, we use a simplified computational model of cancer cell numbers in a population of drug-sensitive, singly-resistant, and fully-resistant cells to simulate the dynamics of resistance evolution in the presence of two-drug combinations...
April 23, 2018: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664414/enhanced-total-neurite-outgrowth-and-secondary-branching-in-dorsal-root-ganglion-neurons-elicited-by-low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound
#8
Daniel Michael Ventre, Marissa Puzan, Emily Ashbolt, Abigail Koppes
OBJECTIVE: Despite the prevalence of peripheral nerve injuries (PNI), challenges remain in restoring full functionality to those afflicted. For recovery to occur, axons must extend across the injury site to connect with distal targets, where injury gap size is a critical factor in the probability of restoration of function. Current clinical therapies often achieve limited neural regeneration, motivating the development of new therapeutic interventions such as biophysical stimulation. APPROACH: To investigate the potential for low intensity, pulsed ultrasonic simulation (LIPUS) to impact peripheral nerve regeneration, primary neonatal rat dorsal root ganglion neurons were examined in vitro in response to ultrasound (US)...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609636/a-perspective-on-cure-for-rett-syndrome
#9
Angus John Clarke, Ana Paula Abdala Sheikh
The reversal of the Rett syndrome disease process in the Mecp2 mouse model of Guy et al. (2007) has motivated families and researchers to work on this condition. The reversibility in adult mice suggests that there is potentially much to be gained from rational treatments applied to patients of any age. However, it may be difficult to strike the right balance between enthusiasm on the one hand and realism on the other. One effect of this has been a fragmentation of the "Rett syndrome community" with some groups giving priority to work aimed at a cure while fewer resources are devoted to medical or therapy-based interventions to enhance the quality of life of affected patients or provide support for their families...
April 2, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606129/adherence-intervention-for-hiv-infected-persons-who-use-drugs-adaptation-open-trial-and-pilot-randomized-hybrid-type-1-trial-protocol
#10
Kasey Claborn, Sara Becker, Don Operario, Steve Safren, Josiah D Rich, Susan Ramsey
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected people who use drugs (PWUD) exhibit the highest rates of non-adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) among people living with HIV. This contributes to poor treatment outcomes, increased morbidity and mortality, and HIV transmission. However, current interventions fail to address the unique barriers to adherence faced by this population. Life Steps is a brief, single session intervention that demonstrated increased ART adherence among HIV-infected individuals...
April 2, 2018: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593910/patients-and-health-professionals-experiences-of-using-virtual-reality-technology-for-upper-limb-training-after-stroke-a-qualitative-substudy
#11
Hanne Pallesen, Mette Brændstrup Andersen, Gunhild Mo Hansen, Camilla Biering Lundquist, Iris Brunner
Background: In recent years, virtual reality (VR) therapy systems for upper limb training after stroke have been increasingly used in clinical practice. Therapy systems employing VR technology can enhance the intensity of training and can also boost patients' motivation by adding a playful element to therapy. However, reports on user experiences are still scarce. Methods: A qualitative investigation of patients' and therapists' perspectives on VR upper limb training...
2018: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582583/a-cascade-targeting-nanocapsule-for-enhanced-photothermal-tumor-therapy-with-aid-of-autophagy-inhibition
#12
Xilong Wu, Yundi Wu, Zhiyong Wang, Lixin Liu, Chengxin Sun, Yongming Chen, Chun Wang
Autophagy is a homeostatic lysosome-dependent metabolic process to eliminate damaged or dysfunctional cellular organelles, which is closely associated with tumor progression. Indocyanine green (ICG) can convert NIR light energy to localized heat for cancer cell and tissue ablation. However, the effect of autophagy modulation on ICG-mediated photothermal therapy remains unknown. In this study, it is found that primaquine (PQ) suppresses autophagy flux at a late stage through the impeding fusion of the autophagosome with the lysosome to form an autophagolysosome, leading to cell apoptosis or necrosis...
March 27, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563777/the-importance-of-cholesterol-medication-adherence-the-need-for-behavioral-change-intervention-programs
#13
Hayden B Bosworth, Barbara Ngouyombo, Jan Liska, Leah L Zullig, Caroline Atlani, Anne C Beal
Lipid-lowering medications have been shown to be efficacious, but adherence is suboptimal. This is a narrative, perspective review of recently published literature in the field of medication adherence research for lipid-lowering medications. We provide an overview of the impact of suboptimal adherence and use a World Health Organization framework (patient, condition, therapy, socioeconomic, and health system-related systems) to discuss factors that influence hyperlipidemia treatment adherence. Further, the review involves an evaluation of intervention strategies to increase hyperlipidemia treatment adherence with a special focus on mHealth interventions, patient reminders on packaging labels, nurse- and pharmacist-led interventions, and health teams...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556397/exploring-dialectical-behaviour-therapy-clinicians-experiences-of-team-consultation-meetings
#14
Cian Walsh, Patrick Ryan, Daniel Flynn
Background: This article presents a detailed idiographic analysis of Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) clinicians' experiences of team consultation meetings. DBT is an evidence-based psychological intervention with a demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Team consultation meetings encompass one of the primary components involved in this treatment model; where DBT clinicians regularly meet to discuss client work and enhance further learning...
2018: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545828/a-qualitative-approach-to-understand-antiretroviral-therapy-art-adherence-for-refugees-living-in-nakivale-refugee-settlement-in-uganda
#15
Kelli N O'Laughlin, Shada A Rouhani, Julius Kasozi, Kelsy E Greenwald, Nicholas R Perkons, Zikama M Faustin, Ingrid V Bassett, Norma C Ware
Background: Refugees living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa suffer unique hardships that may increase their vulnerability to interruptions in antiretroviral therapy (ART). Methods: To investigate refugees' experiences adhering to ART, we conducted inperson interviews with refugees on ART ( n  = 73) and HIV clinic staff ( n  = 4) in Nakivale Refugee Settlement in southwest Uganda from March to July 2011. Three analysts used a conventional content analysis approach to evaluate these data...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540928/psychosocial-interventions-for-technological-addictions
#16
REVIEW
Manoj Kumar Sharma, Thamil Selvan Palanichamy
Increase in the use of technology has led to an increase in various kinds of technological addictions. A range of psychological and behavioural theories has been proposed to explain technology addictions. These include learning theories, reward-deficiency hypothesis, impulsivity, cognitive-behavioural models and social skills deficiency theories. While no particular form of psychological intervention has been suggested as being the golden standard for its treatment, the most frequently investigated approaches have been cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and motivational enhancement therapy...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519734/attaching-nora-efflux-pump-inhibitors-to-methylene-blue-enhances-antimicrobial-photodynamic-inactivation-of-escherichia-coli-and-acinetobacter-baumannii-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#17
Ardeshir Rineh, John B Bremner, Michael R Hamblin, Anthony R Ball, George P Tegos, Michael J Kelso
Resistance of bacteria to antibiotics is a public health concern worldwide due to the increasing failure of standard antibiotic therapies. Antimicrobial photodynamic inactivation (aPDI) is a promising non-antibiotic alternative for treating localized bacterial infections that uses non-toxic photosensitizers and harmless visible light to produce reactive oxygen species and kill microbes. Phenothiazinium photosensitizers like methylene blue (MB) and toluidine blue O are hydrophobic cations that are naturally expelled from bacterial cells by multidrug efflux pumps, which reduces their effectiveness...
February 24, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504781/a-mediation-analysis-of-treatment-processes-in-the-uk-alcohol-treatment-trial
#18
Jacques Gaume, Nick Heather, Gillian Tober, Jim McCambridge
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether treatment outcomes are mediated by therapist behaviors consistent with the theoretical postulates on which two contrasting treatments are based. METHOD: We used data from the U.K. Alcohol Treatment Trial (UKATT), a pragmatic, multicenter, randomized controlled trial comparing the effectiveness of Motivational Enhancement Therapy (MET) and Social Behavior and Network Therapy (SBNT) in the treatment of alcohol problems. N = 376 clients (mean age 42...
April 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497498/psychosocial-and-pharmacological-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-cannabis-use-disorder
#19
REVIEW
Pamela Sabioni, Bernard Le Foll
Cannabis use has been continuously increasing, and cannabis use disorder (CUD) has become a public health issue. Some psychosocial interventions have demonstrated the ability to reduce cannabis use; however, there are no pharmacotherapies approved for the treatment of CUD. Some drugs have shown limited positive effects on use and withdrawal symptoms, but no controlled studies have been able to show strong and persistent effects on clinically meaningful outcomes. The aim of this review is to synthesize the evidence from the available literature regarding the effectiveness of psychosocial and pharmacological treatments for CUD among adults (that is, 18 years old or older)...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490575/students-motivation-for-interprofessional-collaboration-after-their-experience-on-an-ipe-ward-a-qualitative-analysis-framed-by-self-determination-theory
#20
Cora L F Visser, Rashmi A Kusurkar, Gerda Croiset, Olle Ten Cate, Hendrika E Westerveld
PURPOSE: Interprofessional Education (IPE) may depend for its success not only on cognitive gains of learners, but also on affective and motivational benefits. According to Self-Determination Theory (SDT), a major motivation theory, autonomy (feeling of choice), competence (feeling of capability), and relatedness (feeling of belonging) drive motivation in a way that can improve performance. We investigated which elements of IPE in a clinical ward potentially influence students' feelings in these three areas...
February 28, 2018: Medical Teacher
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