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Gun violence

S Saar, M Sokirjanski, L K Junkin, J Laos, A L Laar, I Merioja, U Lepner, L Kukk, A Remmelgas, T Asser, K Innos, J Starkopf, P Talving
PURPOSE: Trauma mechanisms and patterns of severe injuries during the Estonian independence have not been evaluated. The aim of the study was to compare the incidence and outcomes of severe injuries between time periods of early independence from the Soviet Union and the present time. METHODS: After the ethics review board approval, all adult trauma admissions to major trauma facilities in 1993-1994 and 2013-2014 with Injury Severity Score >15 were identified...
October 13, 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Linda Goler Blount
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: American Journal of Public Health
Krishna Vaddiparti, Catherine W Striley, Linda B Cottler
The purpose of this study is to assess the association between gambling severity and exposure to guns among substance-using women recruited in the community. Data for these analyses come from the baseline phase of two community-based HIV prevention interventions conducted among alcohol and drug-using women in St. Louis, MO. Gun exposure was assessed using the Violence Exposure Questionnaire (VEQ), and DSM-IV pathological gambling (PG) symptoms and other psychiatric symptoms were assessed using the Computerized Diagnostic Interview Schedule; The Composite International Diagnostic Interview Substance Abuse Module assessed DSM-IV substance dependence, including cocaine dependence and alcohol dependence...
September 1, 2016: Violence Gend
Bindu Kalesan, Janice Weinberg, Sandro Galea
INTRODUCTION: The overall burden of gun violence death and injury in the US is now well understood. However, no study has shown the extent to which gun violence is associated with the individual lives of Americans. METHODS: We used fatal and non-fatal gun injury rates in 2013 from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS) and generally accepted estimates about the size of an American's social network to determine the likelihood that any given person will know someone in their personal social network who is a victim of gun violence during their lifetime...
September 22, 2016: Preventive Medicine
Desmond Patton, Aparna Sodhi, Steven Affinati, Jooyoung Lee, Marie Crandall
The purpose of this study was to understand the post-discharge needs of violently injured patients and their families to improve health outcomes and reduce the impact of gun violence. We recruited 10 patients from the trauma registry of a Midwestern university hospital with a Level 1 Trauma Center (L1TC). After obtaining the informed consent, semi-structured, face-to-face, in-depth interviews were conducted. Discussions focused on post-discharge needs and resources to facilitate the recovery and rehabilitation process, and aid in community reintegration...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Susan B Sorenson, Rebecca A Schut
Guns figure prominently in the homicide of women by an intimate partner. Less is known, however, about their nonfatal use against an intimate partner. Following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, we searched eight electronic databases and identified 10 original research articles that reported the prevalence of the nonfatal use of firearms against an intimate partner. Results indicate that (1) there is relatively little research on the subject of intimate partners' nonfatal gun use against women...
September 14, 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
Rebecca E Kasper, Jonathan Green, Rachelle N Damle, Jeremy Aidlen, Pradeep Nazarey, Mariann Manno, Esther Borer, Michael P Hirsh
BACKGROUND: Gun buyback programs represent one arm of a multipronged approach to raise awareness and education about gun safety. METHODS: The city of Worcester, MA has conducted an annual gun buyback at the Police Department Headquarters since 2002. We analyzed survey responses from a voluntary, 18-question, face-to-face structured interview from December 2009 to June 2015 using descriptive statistics to determine participant demographics and motivations for participation...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Judy Schaechter, Patricia G Alvarez
Firearm injury is a leading cause of death and injury for children and adolescents, able to cause disability and interfere with normal development. Child developmental stages, variance of behavior, and mental health may all put children at risk for firearm injury or lead to increased morbidity after experiencing firearm violence. Family, community, and contextual factors can accentuate the risk of violence. Adults and social structures have the responsibility to protect children and adolescents from firearm violence...
October 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
Catherine Loveland-Jones, Lucas Ferrer, Scott Charles, Frederick V Ramsey, Andrea VanZandt, Jill Volgraf, Thomas Santora, Abhijit Pathak, Jay Dujon, Lars Sjoholm, Joseph Rappold, Amy Goldberg
BACKGROUND: From 2002-2011, there were over 17,000 shootings in Philadelphia. "Turning Point", Temple University Hospital's inpatient violence intervention program, takes advantage of the teachable moment that occurs after violent injury. In addition to receiving traditional social work services, Turning Point patients watch their trauma bay resuscitation video and a movie about violence, meet with a gunshot wound survivor and an outpatient case manager, and also undergo psychiatric assessment...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Steven Ross Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2016: Modern Healthcare
Steven K Huprich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
J John Mann, Christina A Michel
OBJECTIVE: About 21,000 suicides in the United States in 2014 involved a firearm. The authors reviewed evidence from around the world regarding the relationship between firearm ownership rates and firearm suicide rates and the potential effectiveness of policy-based strategies for preventing firearm suicides in the United States. METHOD: Relevant publications were identified by searches of PubMed, PsycINFO, MEDLINE, and Google Scholar from 1980 to September 2015, using the search terms suicide AND firearms OR guns...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
Jan Odom-Forren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
Joseph A Ladapo, Marc N Elliott, David E Kanouse, David C Schwebel, Sara L Toomey, Sylvie Mrug, Paula M Cuccaro, Susan R Tortolero, Mark A Schuster
OBJECTIVE: Recent policy initiatives aiming to reduce firearm morbidity focus on mental health and illness. However, few studies have simultaneously examined mental health and behavioral predictors within families, or their longitudinal association with newly acquiring a firearm. METHODS: Population-based, longitudinal survey of 4251 parents of fifth-grade students in 3 US metropolitan areas; 2004 to 2011. Multivariate logistic models were used to assess associations between owning or acquiring a firearm and parent mental illness and substance use...
June 24, 2016: Academic Pediatrics
Chana A Sacks, Debra Malina, Stephen Morrissey, Edward W Campion, Mary Beth Hamel, Jeffrey M Drazen
In the wreckage of destroyed lives, broken families, and a traumatized community left behind by a gunman’s rampage on June 12, Americans seemed to be asking what kind of crime this was. Another senseless mass shooting in a long line from Virginia Tech to Aurora to Newtown? A terrorist attack..
September 1, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Ashley L Schoenfisch, Lisa A Pompeii
Concerns of violence in hospitals warrant examination of current hospital security practices. Cross-sectional survey data were collected from members of a health care security and safety association to examine the type of personnel serving as security in hospitals, their policies and practices related to training and weapon/restraint tool carrying/use, and the broader context in which security personnel work to maintain staff and patient safety, with an emphasis on workplace violence prevention and mitigation...
June 27, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
Owen Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Anna Berglund, Gun Heimer
Violence is a common problem in society worldwide, and recent research has shown links to various signs of ill-health among victims. In a Swedish population based study, 46 per cent of women and 38 per cent of men had, at some point, been subjected to severe sexual, physical or emotional violence. The respondents were also asked about their present health. The study showed a significant over-representation of respondents subjected to serious violence in all ill-health indicators (PTSD, depression, psychosomatic symptoms, self-harm behaviour, risky alcohol intake, low self-rated physical health and heart attacks in the older age group)...
2016: Läkartidningen
Irshad Altheimer, Lonnie M Schaible, John Klofas, Michelle Comeau
The objective of this study is to hone in on the contextual, social, and individual characteristics that influence lethal outcomes across shootings. Although most criminological research focuses on differential outcomes for gun violence relative to nongun violence, we argue that great insight can be drawn through examining shootings in isolation. We focus on five ways that shooting outcomes vary: the number of shots fired, the number of times the victim was hit, where the victim was hit, the number of victims that were hit, and whether the shooting resulted in a fatality...
June 12, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Adam J Milam, Shani A Buggs, C Debra M Furr-Holden, Philip J Leaf, Catherine P Bradshaw, Daniel Webster
Among youth 15 to 24 years of age, homicide and nonfatal shootings are the leading causes of mortality and morbidity. Urban youth's attitudes and perceptions about the use of gun violence to resolve conflict present a major barrier to efforts to reduce gun homicides and nonfatal shootings. The current investigation extends the existing literature on attitudes toward guns and shootings among high-risk youth ages 18 to 24 by measuring perceived norms and viewpoints regarding gun violence in two analogous Baltimore City neighborhoods pre-implementation and 1-year post-implementation of the Safe Streets intervention (adapted from the CeaseFire/Cure Violence intervention)...
August 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
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