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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888336/pediatric-firearm-deaths-and-injuries-in-the-united-states
#1
Deborah L McBride
Guns are the third leading cause of death of those aged 1 to 17years, outpaced only by unintentional injuries such as car crashes and drowning, and illnesses like cancer according to a new federal study. The new study, which has been called the most comprehensive examination of current firearms-related deaths and injury among children in the United States used data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Violent Death Reporting System to assess the magnitude and characteristics of firearm-related deaths and injuries among children (age 0-17years) from 2002 to 2014...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879776/themes-associated-with-top-grossing-films-released-from-2005-to-2015
#2
Victoria L Heasley, Christina F Li, Jack P Fatica, Jessica A Magdeburger, Jane M Trinkkeller, Tonya S King, Robert P Olympia
Films continue to be a popular form of entertainment among children. The objective of this study was to determine the most common themes found in the top-grossing films released from 2005 to 2015. Forty-five films were independently viewed and analyzed by 5 reviewers. The most common positive themes were "importance of helping others," "working as a team," and "standing up for what you believe in" (5.71, 4.08, and 3.78 mean events per hour, respectively). The most common negative themes were "use of guns/knives/lethal weapons," "acts of violence/fighting," and "demonstrating excessive anger" (5...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841045/guns-culture-or-mental-health-framing-mass-shootings-as-a-public-health-crisis
#3
Ruth DeFoster, Natashia Swalve
In recent years, public health scholars and policymakers have been calling for increased research on the public health implications of gun violence. However, scientific research on this issue has been stifled by a 1996 budget rider that eliminated Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) funding for gun research. In this study, we examined newspaper coverage of three mass shootings that took place over a 20-year period before and after the passage of this budget rider. We found that sources and frames provided by news media to contextualize gun violence shifted markedly over time, progressing from episodic and individual-level frames to broader thematic societal-level concerns, with increased discussion of mental health but limited discourse explicitly related to public health...
August 25, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837470/gun-violence-and-children
#4
Dalia Sofer
A grim picture persists, exacerbated by scant research.
September 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832596/femicide-in-turkey-between-2000-and-2010
#5
Sadik Toprak, Gokhan Ersoy
Although intimate partner violence (IPV) is an important problem that threatens women's health, very few studies focus on the victim-perpetrator relationship or examine this relationship across Turkey. The aim of this study is to contribute to a better understanding of femicide cases in Turkey and to describe the socio-demographic, clinical, forensic, and criminological characteristics of femicide victims and offenders. This study analysed 162 femicide cases that occurred in 12 cities in Turkey from 1 January 2000 to 31 December 2010...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810937/tweets-gangs-and-guns-a-snapshot-of-gang-communications-in-detroit
#6
Desmond Patton, Sadiq Patel, Jun Sung Hong, Megan Ranney, Marie Crandall, Lyle Dungy
The aim of this study is to determine the frequency of violent and criminal Twitter communications among gang-affiliated individuals in Detroit, Michigan. We analyzed 8.5 million Detroit gang members' tweets from January 2013 to March 2014 to assess whether they contained Internet banging-related keywords. We found that 4.7% of gangaffiliated user tweets consisted of terms related to violence and crime. Violence and crime-related communications fell into 4 main categories: (a) beefing (267,221 tweets), (b) grief (79,971 tweets), (c) guns (3,551 tweets), and (d) substance use and distribution (47,638 tweets)...
August 15, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697020/good-news-bad-news-an-analysis-of-11-294-gunshot-wounds-gsws-over-two-decades-in-a-single-center
#7
Nathan R Manley, Timothy C Fabian, John P Sharpe, Louis J Magnotti, Martin A Croce
INTRODUCTION: Gun violence is a substantial public health problem accounting for significant physical, psychological and financial costs. While aggregate data sources demonstrate decreasing rates of firearm violence, analyses from individual trauma centers have shown that mortality and injury severity from GSWs are increasing. To evaluate the evolving characteristics of gun violence in our region, we studied all GSWs admitted to our trauma center over a twenty-year period. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all newly admitted patients with GSWs was performed from 1996 to 2016...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661309/background-checks-for-all-gun-buyers-and-gun-violence-restraining-orders-state-efforts-to-keep-guns-from-high-risk-persons
#8
Jon S Vernick, Ted Alcorn, Joshua Horwitz
There were more than 36,000 firearm-related deaths in the U.S. in 2015. Under federal law, a background check is required only for gun purchases from licensed dealers. Research suggests that some persons prohibited from owning a gun turn to private sellers, including those identified online, to attempt to obtain a firearm. State-level approaches to make it more difficult for high-risk persons to purchase or possess firearms include universal background check (UBC) and gun violence restraining order (GVRO) laws...
March 2017: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657951/firearm-deaths-in-america-can-we-learn-from-462-000-lives-lost
#9
Shelby Resnick, Randi N Smith, Jessica H Beard, Daniel Holena, Patrick M Reilly, C William Schwab, Mark J Seamon
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether state firearm legislation correlated with firearm-related fatality rates (FFR) during a 15-year period. BACKGROUND: The politicized and controversial topic of firearm legislation has been grossly understudied when the relative impact of American firearm violence is considered. Scientific evidence regarding gun legislation effectiveness remains scant. METHODS: Demographic and intent data (1999-2013) were collected from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Web-Based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System database and compared by state firearm legislation rankings with respect to FFR...
September 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652055/access-to-a-loaded-gun-without-adult-permission-and-school-based-bullying
#10
Maayan S Simckes, Joseph A Simonetti, Megan A Moreno, Frederick P Rivara, Barbara A Oudekerk, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar
PURPOSE: Gun access and bullying are risk factors for sustaining or perpetrating violence among adolescents. Our knowledge of gun access among bullied students is limited. METHODS: We used data on students, aged 12-18 years, from the 2011 and 2013 School Crime Supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey to assess the association between self-reported bullying victimization (traditional and cyber) and access to a loaded gun without adult permission. Prevalence ratios (PRs) and confidence intervals (CIs) were obtained from multivariable Poisson regression using the Taylor series after controlling for student age, sex, family income, public/private school, and race...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648260/broadening-the-perspective-on-gun-violence-an-examination-of-the-firearms-industry-1990-2015
#11
Victoria M Smith, Michael Siegel, Ziming Xuan, Craig S Ross, Sandro Galea, Bindu Kalesan, Eric Fleegler, Kristin A Goss
INTRODUCTION: Firearm violence injures or kills 100,000 Americans each year. This paper applies the Host-Agent-Vector-Environment model to this issue. Research on firearm violence tends to focus on two elements-the host (i.e., victims of firearm violence) and the environment (i.e., gun policies)-but little attention has been paid to the agent (the gun and ammunition) or the vector (firearm manufacturers, dealers, and the industry lobby). METHODS: Using Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives data, trends in firearm manufacturing were investigated from 1990 to 2015...
June 17, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630118/childhood-firearm-injuries-in-the-united-states
#12
Katherine A Fowler, Linda L Dahlberg, Tadesse Haileyesus, Carmen Gutierrez, Sarah Bacon
OBJECTIVES: Examine fatal and nonfatal firearm injuries among children aged 0 to 17 in the United States, including intent, demographic characteristics, trends, state-level patterns, and circumstances. METHODS: Fatal injuries were examined by using data from the National Vital Statistics System and nonfatal injuries by using data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System. Trends from 2002 to 2014 were tested using joinpoint regression analyses. Incident characteristics and circumstances were examined by using data from the National Violent Death Reporting System...
July 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610778/a-comparison-between-non-powder-gun-and-powder-gun-injuries-in-a-young-pediatric-population
#13
Jennifer J Freeman, Marielena Bachier-Rodriguez, Jessica Staszak, Alexander Feliz
INTRODUCTION: Non-powder guns (NPG) are viewed as toys for children by the general public. Literature on firearm injuries in the pediatric population is increasing, however there are still large gaps in the published literature regarding NPG. We intended to identify and compare the epidemiology, circumstances of injury and outcomes of children with NPG versus powder-gun injuries (GSW). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a 6-year retrospective analysis of children 0-14 years old treated for NPG and GSW injuries at our level one pediatric trauma center...
May 29, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566026/gun-violence-following-inpatient-psychiatric-treatment-offense-characteristics-sources-of-guns-and-number-of-victims
#14
Aaron J Kivisto
OBJECTIVE: This study presents data on the relative contribution to gun violence by people with a history of inpatient psychiatric treatment and on federal efforts to deter presumptively dangerous persons from obtaining firearms, information useful for analyzing the potential public health benefits of gun policies targeting people with serious mental illness. The study also estimates the reduction in gun violence victims that would be expected if individuals with a previous psychiatric hospitalization were prohibited from purchasing firearms...
June 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536190/pediatric-firearm-related-injuries-in-the-united-states
#15
REVIEW
Kavita Parikh, Alyssa Silver, Shilpa J Patel, Sabah F Iqbal, Monika Goyal
Pediatric firearm-related deaths and injuries are a national public health crisis. In this Special Review Article, we characterize the epidemiology of firearm-related injuries in the United States and discuss public health programs, the role of pediatricians, and legislative efforts to address this health crisis. Firearm-related injuries are leading causes of unintentional injury deaths in children and adolescents. Children are more likely to be victims of unintentional injuries, the majority of which occur in the home, and adolescents are more likely to suffer from intentional injuries due to either assault or suicide attempts...
June 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528742/patterns-of-gun-deaths-across-us-counties-1999-2013
#16
Bindu Kalesan, Sandro Galea
PURPOSE: We examined the socio-demographic distribution of gun deaths across 3143 counties in 50 United States' states to understand the spatial patterns and correlates of high and low gun deaths. METHODS: We used aggregate counts of gun deaths and population in all counties from 1999 to 2013 from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Wide-ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research (WONDER). We characterized four levels of gun violence, as distinct levels of gun death rates of relatively safe, unsafe, violent, and extremely violent counties, based on quartiles of 15-year county-specific gun death rates per 100,000 and used negative binomial regression models allowing clustering by state to calculate incidence rate ratios and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs)...
April 27, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527100/parents-expectations-of-high-schools-in-firearm-violence-prevention
#17
Erica Payton, Jagdish Khubchandani, Amy Thompson, James H Price
Firearm violence remains a significant problem in the US (with 2787 adolescents killed in 2015). However, the research on school firearm violence prevention practices and policies is scant. Parents are major stakeholders in relation to firearm violence by youths and school safety in general. The purpose of this study was to examine what parents thought schools should be doing to reduce the risk of firearm violence in schools. A valid and reliable questionnaire was mailed to a national random sample of 600 parents who had at least one child enrolled in a public secondary school (response rate = 47%)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516339/holding-manufacturers-of-defective-firearms-to-account-does-restricting-liability-lawsuits-violate-the-second-amendment
#18
Neil J Nusbaum
Judicial and statutory developments since 2005 have placed considerable roadblocks in the way of legal efforts against the epidemic of gun violence in the United States. Although the Second Amendment is most often cited by those opposed to gun control, it offers a potential opportunity to be invoked in support of harm minimization.
May 17, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481962/the-association-between-urban-tree-cover-and-gun-assault-a-case-control-and-case-crossover-study
#19
Michelle C Kondo, Eugenia C South, Charles C Branas, Therese S Richmond, Douglas J Wiebe
Green space and vegetation may play a protective role against urban violence. We investigated whether being near urban tree cover during outdoor activities was related to being assaulted with a gun. We conducted geographic information systems-assisted interviews with boys and men aged 10-24 years in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, including 135 patients who had been shot with a firearm and 274 community controls, during 2008-2011. Each subject reported a step-by-step mapped account of where and with whom they traveled over a full day from waking until being assaulted or going to bed...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457327/an-epidemiologic-overview-of-13%C3%A2-years-of-firearm-hospitalizations-in-pennsylvania
#20
Brian W Gross, Alan D Cook, Cole D Rinehart, Caitlin A Lynch, Eric H Bradburn, Katherine A Bupp, Chet A Morrison, Frederick B Rogers
BACKGROUND: Gun violence is a controversial public health issue plagued by a lack of recent research. We sought to provide a 13-y overview of firearm hospitalizations in Pennsylvania, analyzing trends in mode, intent, and outcome. We hypothesized that no adjusted change in mortality or functional status at discharge (FSD) would be observed for gunshot wound (GSW) victims over the study period. METHODS: All admissions to the Pennsylvania Trauma Outcome Study database from 2003 to 2015 were queried...
April 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
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