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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630118/childhood-firearm-injuries-in-the-united-states
#1
Katherine A Fowler, Linda L Dahlberg, Tadesse Haileyesus, Carmen Gutierrez, Sarah Bacon
OBJECTIVES: Examine fatal and nonfatal firearm injuries among children aged 0 to 17 in the United States, including intent, demographic characteristics, trends, state-level patterns, and circumstances. METHODS: Fatal injuries were examined by using data from the National Vital Statistics System and nonfatal injuries by using data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System. Trends from 2002 to 2014 were tested using joinpoint regression analyses. Incident characteristics and circumstances were examined by using data from the National Violent Death Reporting System...
June 19, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610778/a-comparison-between-non-powder-gun-and-powder-gun-injuries-in-a-young-pediatric-population
#2
Jennifer J Freeman, Marielena Bachier-Rodriguez, Jessica Staszak, Alexander Feliz
INTRODUCTION: Non-powder guns (NPG) are viewed as toys for children by the general public. Literature on firearm injuries in the pediatric population is increasing, however there are still large gaps in the published literature regarding NPG. We intended to identify and compare the epidemiology, circumstances of injury and outcomes of children with NPG versus powder-gun injuries (GSW). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a 6-year retrospective analysis of children 0-14 years old treated for NPG and GSW injuries at our level one pediatric trauma center...
May 29, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566026/gun-violence-following-inpatient-psychiatric-treatment-offense-characteristics-sources-of-guns-and-number-of-victims
#3
Aaron J Kivisto
OBJECTIVE: This study presents data on the relative contribution to gun violence by people with a history of inpatient psychiatric treatment and on federal efforts to deter presumptively dangerous persons from obtaining firearms, information useful for analyzing the potential public health benefits of gun policies targeting people with serious mental illness. The study also estimates the reduction in gun violence victims that would be expected if individuals with a previous psychiatric hospitalization were prohibited from purchasing firearms...
June 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536190/pediatric-firearm-related-injuries-in-the-united-states
#4
REVIEW
Kavita Parikh, Alyssa Silver, Shilpa J Patel, Sabah F Iqbal, Monika Goyal
Pediatric firearm-related deaths and injuries are a national public health crisis. In this Special Review Article, we characterize the epidemiology of firearm-related injuries in the United States and discuss public health programs, the role of pediatricians, and legislative efforts to address this health crisis. Firearm-related injuries are leading causes of unintentional injury deaths in children and adolescents. Children are more likely to be victims of unintentional injuries, the majority of which occur in the home, and adolescents are more likely to suffer from intentional injuries due to either assault or suicide attempts...
May 23, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528742/patterns-of-gun-deaths-across-us-counties-1999-2013
#5
Bindu Kalesan, Sandro Galea
PURPOSE: We examined the socio-demographic distribution of gun deaths across 3143 counties in 50 United States' states to understand the spatial patterns and correlates of high and low gun deaths. METHODS: We used aggregate counts of gun deaths and population in all counties from 1999 to 2013 from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Wide-ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research (WONDER). We characterized four levels of gun violence, as distinct levels of gun death rates of relatively safe, unsafe, violent, and extremely violent counties, based on quartiles of 15-year county-specific gun death rates per 100,000 and used negative binomial regression models allowing clustering by state to calculate incidence rate ratios and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs)...
April 27, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527100/parents-expectations-of-high-schools-in-firearm-violence-prevention
#6
Erica Payton, Jagdish Khubchandani, Amy Thompson, James H Price
Firearm violence remains a significant problem in the US (with 2787 adolescents killed in 2015). However, the research on school firearm violence prevention practices and policies is scant. Parents are major stakeholders in relation to firearm violence by youths and school safety in general. The purpose of this study was to examine what parents thought schools should be doing to reduce the risk of firearm violence in schools. A valid and reliable questionnaire was mailed to a national random sample of 600 parents who had at least one child enrolled in a public secondary school (response rate = 47%)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516339/holding-manufacturers-of-defective-firearms-to-account-does-restricting-liability-lawsuits-violate-the-second-amendment
#7
Neil J Nusbaum
Judicial and statutory developments since 2005 have placed considerable roadblocks in the way of legal efforts against the epidemic of gun violence in the United States. Although the Second Amendment is most often cited by those opposed to gun control, it offers a potential opportunity to be invoked in support of harm minimization.
May 17, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481962/the-association-between-urban-tree-cover-and-gun-assault-a-case-control-and-casecrossover-study
#8
Michelle C Kondo, Eugenia C South, Charles C Branas, Therese S Richmond, Douglas J Wiebe
Green space and vegetation may play a protective role for urban violence. We investigated whether being near urban tree cover during outdoor activities related to being assaulted with a gun. We conducted GIS-assisted interviews with 10- to 24-year old males in Philadelphia, PA including 135 patients who had been shot with a firearm and 274 community controls, between 2008-2011. Each subject reported a step-by-step mapped account of where and with whom they travelled over a full day from waking until being assaulted or going to bed...
May 6, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457327/an-epidemiologic-overview-of-13%C3%A2-years-of-firearm-hospitalizations-in-pennsylvania
#9
Brian W Gross, Alan D Cook, Cole D Rinehart, Caitlin A Lynch, Eric H Bradburn, Katherine A Bupp, Chet A Morrison, Frederick B Rogers
BACKGROUND: Gun violence is a controversial public health issue plagued by a lack of recent research. We sought to provide a 13-y overview of firearm hospitalizations in Pennsylvania, analyzing trends in mode, intent, and outcome. We hypothesized that no adjusted change in mortality or functional status at discharge (FSD) would be observed for gunshot wound (GSW) victims over the study period. METHODS: All admissions to the Pennsylvania Trauma Outcome Study database from 2003 to 2015 were queried...
April 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452897/are-goods-for-guns-good-for-the-community-an-update-of-a-community-gun-buyback-program
#10
Jonathan Green, Rachelle N Damle, Rebecca E Kasper, Pina Violano, Mariann Manno, Pradeep P Nazarey, Jeremy T Aidlen, Michael P Hirsh
BACKGROUND: Gun violence remains a leading cause of death in the United States. Community gun buyback programs provide an opportunity to dispose of extraneous firearms. The purpose of this study was to understand the demographics, motivation, child access to firearms and household mental illness of buyback participants in hopes of improving the program's effectiveness. METHODS: A 2015 Injury Free Coalition for Kids gun buyback program which collaborated with local police departments was studied...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448358/can-health-care-professionals-do-anything-about-gun-violence
#11
Roxanne Nelson
Experts say yes, but providers must speak up-and take action.
May 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398782/ethical-implications-of-missing-gun-violence-data
#12
Kathleen E Bachynski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389329/associations-between-active-shooter-incidents-and-gun-ownership-and-storage-among-families-with-young-children-in-the-united-states
#13
Taryn W Morrissey
The presence of firearms and their unsafe storage in the home can increase risk of firearm-related death and injury, but public opinion suggests that firearm ownership is a protective factor against gun violence. This study examined the effects of a recent nearby active shooter incident on gun ownership and storage practices among families with young children. A series of regression models, with data from the nationally representative Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort merged with the FBI's Active Shooter Incidents data collected in 2003-2006, were used to examine whether household gun ownership and storage practices differed in the months prior to and following an active shooter incident that occurred anywhere in the United States or within the same state...
July 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384827/research-on-gun-violence-vs-other-causes-of-death
#14
LETTER
David E Stark, Nigam H Shah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384823/research-on-gun-violence-vs-other-causes-of-death
#15
LETTER
Lavi Oud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326453/violent-trauma-recidivism-does-all-violence-escalate
#16
R M Nygaard, A P Marek, S R Daly, J M Van Camp
PURPOSE: Rates of trauma patients presenting with history of prior trauma range from 25 to 44%. Outcomes involving recidivists in the setting of intentional trauma, especially penetrating trauma, are conflicting. We hypothesized that if violence does escalate with successive incidence, then injuries due to successive violence should escalate or become increasingly severe with successive admissions. METHODS: The trauma registry from an urban level I adult and pediatric trauma center was queried for injuries due to blunt assault, stabbing, and firearm injury...
March 22, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323539/guns-in-the-home-and-the-possibility-of-aggressive-tendencies-exploring-a-community-sample-of-adolescents-in-low-income-communities
#17
Brad Lian, Beatrice Abiero, Paula Kamara
Firearm violence has been the second leading cause of death among adolescents and young adults in the United States since 2000 and is a major public health concern. But firearms may be related to less lethal forms of violence as well. Here we examine the relationship between the presence of a gun in the home and several behavioral and psychosocial measures related to aggression and violence among adolescents using data from a community-based survey of nearly 2,000 youths living in low-income neighborhoods. Our results indicate that adolescents living in homes where a gun is present display more aggressive attitudes and behaviors than their counterparts living in homes with no gun present...
March 21, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319125/spatio-temporal-patterns-of-gun-violence-in-syracuse-new-york-2009-2015
#18
David A Larsen, Sandra Lane, Timothy Jennings-Bey, Arnett Haygood-El, Kim Brundage, Robert A Rubinstein
Gun violence in the United States of America is a large public health problem that disproportionately affects urban areas. The epidemiology of gun violence reflects various aspects of an infectious disease including spatial and temporal clustering. We examined the spatial and temporal trends of gun violence in Syracuse, New York, a city of 145,000. We used a spatial scan statistic to reveal spatio-temporal clusters of gunshots investigated and corroborated by Syracuse City Police Department for the years 2009-2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260243/aggressive-and-violent-behavior-and-emotional-self-efficacy-is-there-a-relationship-for-adolescents
#19
Robert F Valois, Keith J Zullig, Asa A Revels
BACKGROUND: In this cross-sectional study we explored relationships between aggressive and violent behaviors and emotional self-efficacy (ESE) in a statewide sample of public high school adolescents in South Carolina (N = 3836). METHODS: The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Youth Risk Behavior Survey items on aggressive and violent behavior items and an adolescent ESE scale were used. Logistic regression analyses and multivariate models constructed separately, revealed significant race by sex findings...
April 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260239/ten-year-secular-trends-in-youth-violence-results-from-the-philadelphia-youth-risk-behavior-survey-2003-2013
#20
Andrew C Pool, Freda Patterson, Ingrid Y Luna, Bernadette Hohl, Katherine W Bauer
BACKGROUND: Youth violence reduction is a public health priority, yet few studies have examined secular trends in violence among urban youth, who may be particularly vulnerable to numerous forms of violence. This study examines 10-year secular trends in the prevalence of violence-related behaviors among Philadelphia high school students. METHODS: Repeated cross-sectional data were analyzed from 5 waves of the Philadelphia Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) from 2003 to 2013...
April 2017: Journal of School Health
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