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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771617/public-support-for-gun-violence-prevention-policies-among-gun-owners-and-non-gun-owners-in-2017
#1
Colleen L Barry, Daniel W Webster, Elizabeth Stone, Cassandra K Crifasi, Jon S Vernick, Emma E McGinty
OBJECTIVES: To compare public support for 24 different gun policies between gun owners and non-gun owners in 2017. METHODS: We fielded a national public opinion survey in January 2017 using an online panel to measure US adults' support for 24 gun policies. We compared support among gun owners and non-gun owners. RESULTS: For 23 of the 24 policies examined, most respondents supported restricting or regulating gun ownership. Only 8 of 24 policies had greater than a 10-point support gap between gun owners and non-gun owners...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763395/what-is-the-institutional-duty-of-trauma-systems-to-respond-to-gun-violence
#2
Sara Scarlet, Selwyn O Rogers
In the past, trauma centers have almost exclusively focused on caring for patients who suffer from physical trauma resulting from violence. However, as clinicians' perspectives on violence shift, violence prevention and intervention have been increasingly recognized as integral aspects of trauma care. Hospital-based violence intervention programs are an emerging strategy for ending the cycle of violence by focusing efforts in the trauma center context. These programs, with their multipronged, community-based approach, have shown great potential in reducing trauma recidivism by leveraging the acute experience of violence as an opportunity to introduce services and assess risk of re-injury...
May 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763394/gun-violence-research-and-the-profession-of-trauma-surgery
#3
Allan B Peetz, Adil Haider
The effects of violence are clearly a central component of any trauma surgeon's job. The role trauma surgeons should play in its prevention and advocacy, however, is not clearly defined. In this article, we discuss the statistics and lack of research on gun violence and survey some of the moral frameworks that define a trauma surgeon's professional responsibilities in violence prevention at a practice and a policy level.
May 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759987/parental-desensitization-to-gun-violence-in-pg-13-movies
#4
Daniel Romer, Patrick E Jamieson, Kathleen Hall Jamieson, Robert Lull, Azeez Adebimpe
: media-1vid110.1542/5745216462001PEDS-VA_2017-3491 Video Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess effects of justified versus unjustified screen violence on parents' willingness to allow children to view films that contain extensive gun violence. METHODS: A national US sample of 610 parents with at least 1 child between ages 6 and 17 was randomly assigned to view a series of four 90-second video clips from popular films depicting violent gun use under either justified or unjustified conditions...
May 14, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727408/firearm-associated-fractures-in-children-and-adolescents-trends-in-the-united-states-2003-2012
#5
Todd J Blumberg, Christopher J DeFrancesco, Daniel J Miller, Nirav K Pandya, John M Flynn, Keith D Baldwin
BACKGROUND: Firearm-associated injuries are the second leading cause of death in children in the United States. Fractures are common comorbid injuries in young patients with firearm-associated injuries. The purpose of this study was to define the burden of firearm-associated fractures (FAFs) in children and adolescents in the United States. METHODS: We analyzed the 2003-2012 Kids' Inpatient Database. Patients were grouped into 4 age groups: 0 to 4, 5 to 9, 10 to 14, and 15 to 20 years old...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727316/gun-violence-two-medical-students-hometown-connection-to-this-public-health-crisis
#6
Nicholas O Kuhl, Monica P Lieberman
The school shooting in Parkland, Florida in February 2018 left 17 people dead and countless other children and teachers with physical and psychological trauma that will require decades of healing. As Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School alumni and current medical students, the authors of this Invited Commentary contend that they are in a unique position to advocate on behalf of their neighbors, classmates, and future patients. Since the authors began medical school in 2015, there have been 19 mass shootings in the United States resulting in 253 deaths...
May 2, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701598/severe-mental-illness-and-firearm-access-is-violence-really-the-danger
#7
Miranda Lynne Baumann, Brent Teasdale
In response to a spate of mass shootings, national debate over the root of America's gun violence epidemic has centered on mental illness. Consequently, calls have been made to legislatively restrict firearm access among individuals with mental illness to reduce gun violence. While there is a link between mental illness and suicide, a dearth of empirical evidence exists to inform public policy on the link between firearm access and mental illness. The current study addresses this gap by exploring the nature of firearm-related risk among disordered individuals as compared to others from the same communities...
January 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700679/adult-connection-in-assault-injury-prevention-among-male-youth-in-low-resource-urban-environments
#8
Alison J Culyba, Elizabeth Miller, Kenneth R Ginsburg, Charles C Branas, Wensheng Guo, Joel A Fein, Therese S Richmond, Bonnie L Halpern-Felsher, Douglas J Wiebe
Strengths-based strategies to reduce youth violence in low-resource urban communities are urgently needed. Supportive adolescent-adult relationships may confer protection, but studies have been limited by self-reported composite outcomes. We conducted a population-based case-control study among 10- to 24-year-old males in low-resource neighborhoods to examine associations between supportive adult connection and severe assault injury. Cases were victims of gunshot assault injury (nā€‰=ā€‰143) and non-gun assault injury (nā€‰=ā€‰206) from two level I trauma centers...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675608/gun-theft-and-crime
#9
Philip J Cook
Some law enforcement officials and other observers have asserted that theft is the primary source of guns to crime. In fact, the role of theft in supplying the guns used in robbery, assault, and murder is unknown, and current evidence provides little guidance about whether an effective program to reduce gun theft would reduce gun violence. The current article analyzes publicly available national data on gun theft together with a unique data set for Chicago. The results tend to support a conclusion that stolen guns play only a minor role in crime...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644535/a-secondary-spatial-analysis-of-gun-violence-near-boston-schools-a-public-health-approach
#10
Gia Barboza
School neighborhood violence continues to be a major public health problem among urban students. A large body of research addresses violence at school; however, fewer studies have explored concentrations of violence in areas proximal to schools. This study aimed to quantify the concentration of shootings near schools to elucidate the place-based dynamics that may be focal points for violence prevention. Geocoded databases of shooting and school locations were used to examine locational patterns of firearm shootings and elementary, middle, and high schools in Boston, Massachusetts...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614140/we-need-to-treat-gun-violence-like-an-epidemic
#11
EDITORIAL
John Hickner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602543/the-gun-violence-epidemic-time-for-perioperative-physicians-to-act
#12
Neal S Gerstein, John C Sanders, Maureen McCunn, Janet K Brierley, Wendy H Gerstein, Sonlee D West, Isaac Tawil, Erik P Kraai, Nathan H Boyd, Yuriy S Bronshteyn, Eli L Torgeson, Peter M Schulman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590520/mass-shootings-mental-illness-and-gun-control
#13
Sean Philpott-Jones
In the wake of the Stoneman Douglas School shooting, Republican and Democratic leaders-like the American electorate they represent-remain sharply divided in their responses to gun violence. They are united in their condemnation of these mass shootings, but they disagree about whether stricter or looser gun control laws are the answer. Those on the right side of the political aisle suggest that the issue is one of mental illness rather than gun control. Conversely, those who are more liberal or progressive in their political learnings are quick to condemn attempts to reframe the issue of mass shootings as a mental health problem...
March 2018: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588053/gun-and-non-gun-related-violence-exposure-and-risk-for-subsequent-gun-carrying-among-male-juvenile-offenders
#14
Jordan Beardslee, Edward Mulvey, Carol Schubert, Paul Allison, Arynn Infante, Dustin Pardini
OBJECTIVE: Although studies have found that youth exposed to violence are more likely to carry guns than non-exposed youth, this association could be due to common causal factors or other pre-existing differences between individuals. In this study, within-individual change models were used to determine whether juvenile offenders exhibit an increased propensity to carry a firearm after being exposed to gun violence and/or non-gun violence. The advantage of this approach is all time-invariant factors are eliminated as potential confounders...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554693/public-health-research-on-gun-violence-long-overdue
#15
Victor J Dzau, Alan I Leshner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516085/death-by-gun-violence-guns-are-not-the-problem-reply
#16
Howard Bauchner, Frederick P Rivara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516078/death-by-gun-violence-guns-are-not-the-problem
#17
Alan S Boyd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496903/youth-gun-violence-prevention-in-a-digital-age
#18
Desmond Upton Patton, Kyle McGregor, Gary Slutkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483246/citywide-cluster-randomized-trial-to-restore-blighted-vacant-land-and-its-effects-on-violence-crime-and-fear
#19
Charles C Branas, Eugenia South, Michelle C Kondo, Bernadette C Hohl, Philippe Bourgois, Douglas J Wiebe, John M MacDonald
Vacant and blighted urban land is a widespread and potentially risky environmental condition encountered by millions of people on a daily basis. About 15% of the land in US cities is deemed vacant or abandoned, an area roughly the size of Switzerland. In a citywide cluster randomized controlled trial, we investigated the effects of standardized, reproducible interventions that restore vacant land on the commission of violence, crime, and the perceptions of fear and safety. Quantitative and ethnographic analyses were included in a mixed-methods approach to more fully test and explicate our findings...
March 20, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478178/modified-finney-enteroplasty-a-bowel-sparing-damage-control-stapled-technique-for-penetrating-jejunal-and-ileal-injuries
#20
EDITORIAL
Eduardo Smith-Singares
The rise in gun violence and other penetrating trauma constitutes one of the main challenges in the modern practice of Acute Care Surgery. Expertise in the emergency management of this type of injuries is needed if one is to avoid preventable complications, such as short bowel syndrome. Revisiting and sometimes repurposing old surgical techniques may facilitate this task. The use of a modified Finney enteroplasty as a bowel sparing damage control technique for penetrating jejunal and ileal injuries was studied on 87 gunshot wound victims...
March 2018: Updates in Surgery
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