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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206950/use-of-pellet-guns-for-crowd-control-in-kashmir-how-lethal-is-non-lethal
#1
Siddarth David
The use of pellet guns during the recent unrest in Kashmir as a method of crowd control has been questioned because of several deaths and numerous injuries. Across the world, these rubber pellets have been shown to inflict serious injuries, permanent disability, and death. The volatility of mob violence, inaccuracies in aim of the pellets, over-use of the pellet guns, and the perception of their harmlessness enhances the destructive potential of these so-called non-lethal weapons. There is also the larger ethical question whether any form of pain, however minimal, could be inflicted to control violent crowds...
December 13, 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147456/frequency-of-guns-in-the-households-of-high-school-seniors
#2
Ann L Coker, Heather M Bush, Diane R Follingstad, Candace J Brancato
BACKGROUND: In 2013, President Obama lifted the federal ban on gun violence research. The current study provides one of the first reports to estimate household gun ownership as reported by youth. METHODS: In this cohort study of 3006 high school seniors from 24 schools, we examined the frequency of household guns ownership. RESULTS: About 65% reported having at least 1 gun in their household. White males were more likely to have a gun and to have more guns than other demographically characterized groups...
March 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146597/using-plan-do-study-act-cycle-to-enhance-completeness-of-suicide-firearm-reporting
#3
Yongwen Jiang, Shannon Young, Karen Foss, Magaly Angeloni, Erica Norcini, Samara Viner-Brown
The Rhode Island Violent Death Reporting System (RIVDRS) collects comprehensive surveillance data on violent deaths to support violence prevention programs in Rhode Island and nationwide. Successful collection of firearm information is critical to understanding gun violence in public health. A recent quality improvement (QI) project was performed to improve gun information collection in the RIVDRS program. Our aim was to increase the presence of firearm model information for 2014 suicides from 50% to 80% by December 31, 2015...
February 1, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135726/the-relationships-among-exposure-to-violence-psychological-distress-and-gun-carrying-among-male-adolescents-found-guilty-of-serious-legal-offenses-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#4
Joan A Reid, Tara N Richards, Thomas A Loughran, Edward P Mulvey
Background: Gun violence and psychological problems are often conflated in public discourse on gun safety. However, few studies have empirically assessed the effect of exposure to violence when exploring the association between gun carrying and psychological distress. Objective: To examine the potential effect of exposure to violence on the associations between gun carrying and psychological distress among vulnerable adolescents. Design: Longitudinal cohort study...
January 31, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134571/guns-in-intimate-partner-violence-comparing-incidents-by-type-of-weapon
#5
Susan B Sorenson
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess the frequency, nature, and outcome of weapon use in intimate partner violence (IPV) and to assess compliance with related gun policies. METHODS: Data were drawn from forms police are mandated to complete at the scene of IPV in the fifth largest U.S. city during 2013. Proportions were calculated and odds ratios were adjusted for demographic and contextual characteristics and a Bonferroni correction for multiple statistical tests was applied...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131873/immobility-reactions-under-threat-a-contribution-to-human-defensive-cascade-and-ptsd
#6
REVIEW
E Volchan, V Rocha-Rego, A F Bastos, J M Oliveira, C Franklin, S Gleiser, W Berger, G G L Souza, L Oliveira, I A David, F S Erthal, M G Pereira, I Figueira
Violence exacts a burden on public health. Gun violence is a major trigger for motor defensive reactions in humans and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is its main psychiatric sequelae. However, studies of the human defensive cascade, especially the motor reactions, are at an early stage. This review focuses on studies that employ stabilometry, a methodology that assesses whole body motor reactions, to address defensive behaviors to violence-related threats. Special attention is given to three reactions: "attentive immobility", "immobility under attack" and "tonic immobility", with emphasis on the latter - a peritraumatic reaction which has been strongly associated with the severity of PTSD...
January 25, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116657/letters-to-the-editor-in-response-to-studies-of-guns-in-the-home-and-homicide-and-suicide
#7
REVIEW
Douglas J Wiebe, Kalen Flynn, Charles C Branas
BACKGROUND: Letters to the editor are an important venue for scientific discussion and ensuring accountability of authors and editors. We investigated the content and tone of letters to the editor published in response to research on having a firearm in the home as it relates to homicide and suicide. METHODS: A recent meta-analysis found 16 analytic studies of household firearm access and homicide and suicide. We audited the letters to the editor emanating from those 16 articles...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116587/preparing-for-disaster-a-cross-sectional-study-of-social-connection-and-gun-violence
#8
Carley Riley, Brita Roy, Nurit Harari, Anita Vashi, Pina Violano, Ann Greene, Georgina Lucas, Jerry Smart, Teresa Hines, Stacy Spell, Sharon Taylor, Barbara Tinney, Maurice Williams, Emily A Wang
Living in communities with persistent gun violence is associated with negative social, behavioral, and health outcomes, analogous to those of a natural disaster. Taking a disaster-preparedness approach may identify targets for community-based action to respond to on-going gun violence. We assessed the relevance of adapting a disaster-preparedness approach to gun violence and, specifically, the relationship between perceived collective efficacy, its subscales of social cohesion and informal social control, and exposure to gun violence...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103071/bridging-the-response-to-mass-shootings-and-urban-violence-exposure-to-violence-in-new-haven-connecticut
#9
Alycia Santilli, Kathleen O'Connor Duffany, Amy Carroll-Scott, Jordan Thomas, Ann Greene, Anita Arora, Alicia Agnoli, Geliang Gan, Jeannette Ickovics
We have described self-reported exposure to gun violence in an urban community of color to inform the movement toward a public health approach to gun violence prevention. The Community Alliance for Research and Engagement at Yale School of Public Health conducted community health needs assessments to document chronic disease prevalence and risk, including exposure to gun violence. We conducted surveys with residents in six low-income neighborhoods in New Haven, Connecticut, using a neighborhood-stratified, population-based sample (n = 1189; weighted sample to represent the neighborhoods, n = 29 675)...
March 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093666/diane-marano-juvenile-offenders-and-guns-voices-behind-gun-violence-palgrave-macmillan-new-york-ny-2015-210-pp-isbn-978-1-137-52013-5
#10
Norma L Rodriguez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089298/gunshot-wound-trajectory-analysis-using-forensic-animation-to-establish-relative-positions-of-shooter-and-victim
#11
Aisling A Galligan, Craig Fries, Judy Melinek
Forensic pathologists who autopsy the victims of gun violence are often called upon to answer questions in both criminal and civil proceedings about the relative position of the shooter and the victim. In this case report of an officer-involved shooting incident, the statement of the police officer appeared to be in direct contradiction to the statements of other eyewitnesses, the evidence at the scene, and the final resting position of the decedent's body. Trajectory analysis of two gunshot wound pathways (only one of which was instantaneously incapacitating) was performed to assess the veracity of the officer's statement and forensic animation was used to create a court exhibit...
February 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077624/the-continuing-rise-of-gun-violence-in-pg-13-movies-1985-to-2015
#12
Daniel Romer, Patrick E Jamieson, Kathleen Hall Jamieson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057715/review-of-the-book-confronting-gun-violence-in-america-by-thomas-gabor
#13
Ali Rowhani-Rahbar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055070/modeling-contagion-through-social-networks-to-explain-and-predict-gunshot-violence-in-chicago-2006-to-2014
#14
Ben Green, Thibaut Horel, Andrew V Papachristos
Importance: Every day in the United States, more than 200 people are murdered or assaulted with a firearm. Little research has considered the role of interpersonal ties in the pathways through which gun violence spreads. Objective: To evaluate the extent to which the people who will become subjects of gun violence can be predicted by modeling gun violence as an epidemic that is transmitted between individuals through social interactions. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study was an epidemiological analysis of a social network of individuals who were arrested during an 8-year period in Chicago, Illinois, with connections between people who were arrested together for the same offense...
January 3, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030692/funding-and-publication-of-research-on-gun-violence-and-other-leading-causes-of-death
#15
David E Stark, Nigam H Shah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
3, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018611/brief-use-of-a-specific-gun-in-a-violent-game-does-not-affect-attitudes-towards-that-gun
#16
Joseph Hilgard, Christopher R Engelhardt, Bruce D Bartholow
Although much attention has been paid to the question of whether violent video games increase aggressive behaviour, little attention has been paid to how such games might encourage antecedents of gun violence. In this study, we examined how product placement, the attractive in-game presentation of certain real-world firearm brands, might encourage gun ownership, a necessary antecedent of gun violence. We sought to study how the virtual portrayal of a real-world firearm (the Bushmaster AR-15) could influence players' attitudes towards the AR-15 specifically and gun ownership in general...
November 2016: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006958/positive-and-negative-themes-found-in-superhero-films
#17
Matthew Bauer, Andrew Georgeson, Caitlin McNamara, Bryan Wakefield, Tonya S King, Robert P Olympia
Superhero films have become incredibly popular. The objective of this study was to determine the positive and negative themes found in a select number of superhero films. A total of 30 superhero films were analyzed. The average numbers of positive and negative themes were 19.4 and 29.5 mean events per hour for all included films, respectively. The most common positive themes were "assisting others/protecting the public," "positive relationships with family/friends," and "teamwork/collaboration." The most common negative themes were "acts of violence/fighting," "use of guns/knives/lethal weapons," and "bullying/intimidation/torture...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999156/liza-h-gold-and-robert-i-simon-eds-gun-violence-and-mental-illness
#18
Stephen Lawoko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955825/possession-of-weapon-and-school-violence-among-adolescents-and-their-association-with-history-of-traumatic-brain-injury-substance-use-and-mental-health-issues
#19
Gabriela Ilie, Robert E Mann, Angela Boak, Hayley A Hamilton, Jürgen Rehm, Michael D Cusimano
PURPOSE: Assessment of the association between illegal possession of weapon and assault on school property among adolescents with and without a history of traumatic brain injury (TBI) while assessing risk factors for these outcomes. METHODS: Data were derived from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health's 2013 Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey completed by students in grades 7-12 (ages 11-20). RESULTS: In this sample of 5478 adolescents, 6...
February 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930966/nonsuicidal-self-injury-and-interpersonal-violence-in-u-s-veterans-seeking-help-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#20
Patrick S Calhoun, Elizabeth E Van Voorhees, Eric B Elbogen, Eric A Dedert, Carolina P Clancy, Lauren P Hair, Michael Hertzberg, Jean C Beckham, Nathan A Kimbrel
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) has been defined as deliberately damaging one's body tissue without conscious suicidal intent. NSSI is a robust predictor of suicidal ideation and attempts in adults. While NSSI has been associated with other-directed violence in adolescent populations, the link between NSSI and interpersonal violence in adults is less clear. The current study examined the cross-sectional relationship between NSSI and past-year interpersonal violence among 729 help-seeking veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
January 2017: Psychiatry Research
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