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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229363/comparison-of-the-effects-of-flaxseed-oil-and-sunflower-seed-oil-consumption-on-serum-glucose-lipid-profile-blood-pressure-and-lipid-peroxidation-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#1
Atefeh Akrami, Farzad Nikaein, Siavash Babajafari, Shiva Faghih, Hassan Yarmohammadi
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) increases the risk of type II diabetes and morbidity and mortality due to cardiovascular diseases. Flaxseed oil (FO), as a functional food, is one of the major vegetal sources of essential omega-3 fatty acids. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the effects of consumption of FO and sunflower seed oil (SO) on lipid peroxidation and other symptoms of MetSyn. METHODS: This randomized controlled interventional trial was conducted on 60 volunteers aged 30 to 60 years who were diagnosed with MetSyn in Shiraz, Iran...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226187/tracheobronchial-foreign-bodies-in-children-the-role-of-emergency-rigid-bronchoscopy
#2
Aram Baram, Hewa Sherzad, Sara Saeed, Fahmi H Kakamad, Adnan M H Hamawandi
Foreign body aspiration (FBA) is a common and lethal accident in the pediatric age group. It requires early recognition and treatment by rigid bronchoscopy to avoid fatal outcomes. Objective. The aim of this study was to study the pattern of FBA in the tracheobronchial tree as well as the success rate of rigid bronchoscopy in children admitted to a single center and to analyze the relationship of the type of foreign body (FB) with patients' age, presentation, and complications. Methods. A retrospective cross-sectional study of FBA was conducted in children in the Sulaimani/Kurdistan region, Iraq, admitted to the emergency teaching hospital of the University of Sulaimani from January 2014 to March 2016...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209843/monocultural-sowing-in-mesocosms-decreases-the-species-richness-of-weeds-and-invertebrates-and-critically-reduces-the-fitness-of-the-endangered-european-hamster
#3
Mathilde L Tissier, Florian Kletty, Yves Handrich, Caroline Habold
Intensive cereal monoculture is currently the main cause of biodiversity decline in Europe. However, it is difficult to disentangle the effects of intensive monoculture (e.g. pesticide use, mechanical ploughing and reduced protective cover), let alone evaluate how far the reduction of crop diversity affects biodiversity. It remains unclear to which extent the consequent decrease in food resources affects farmland biodiversity, and particularly vertebrate species. We therefore designed this study in mesocosms to investigate the effects of monoculture crops (organic wheat or corn seeds) and mixed crops (a combination of organic wheat, corn, sunflower and alfalfa seeds) on (1) the species richness of weeds and invertebrates and (2) the reproductive success of the European hamster (Cricetus cricetus), a critically endangered umbrella species of European farmlands...
December 5, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174030/position-paper-on-vegetarian-diets-from-the-working-group-of-the-italian-society-of-human-nutrition
#4
C Agnoli, L Baroni, I Bertini, S Ciappellano, A Fabbri, M Papa, N Pellegrini, R Sbarbati, M L Scarino, V Siani, S Sieri
BACKGROUND: Interest in vegetarian diets is growing in Italy and elsewhere, as government agencies and health/nutrition organizations are emphasizing that regular consumption of plant foods may provide health benefits and help prevent certain diseases. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a Pubmed search, up to September, 2015, for studies on key nutrients (proteins, vitamin B12, iron, zinc, calcium, vitamin D, and n-3 fatty acids) in vegetarian diets. From 295 eligible publications the following emerged: Vegetarians should be encouraged to supplement their diets with a reliable source of vitamin B12 (vitamin-fortified foods or supplements)...
October 31, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172966/antiquorum-sensing-activity-of-seed-oils-from-oleaginous-plants-and-protective-effect-during-challenge-with-chromobacterium-violaceum
#5
Macrina Pérez-López, Rodolfo García-Contreras, Marcos Soto-Hernández, José Salud Rodríguez-Zavala, Mariano Martínez-Vázquez, Francisco Javier Prado-Galbarro, Israel Castillo-Juárez
Seed oils from oleaginous plants are rich in fatty acids (FAs) that play important roles in the health of the consumers. Recent studies indicate that FA also can play an important role in communication and regulation of virulence in bacteria. Nevertheless, evidence demonstrating protection against bacterial infections mediated by their quorum sensing inhibition (QSI) activity is scarce. In this study, sunflower, chia, and amaranth oils, were assayed for their QSI capacity by inhibiting violacein production and alkaline exoprotease activity of Chromobacterium violaceum...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134748/novel-topical-agent-containing-superoxide-dismutase-100%C3%A2-000%C3%A2-iu-and-4-of-plant-extracts-as-a-mono-therapy-for-atopic-dermatitis
#6
Dimitrios Sgouros, Alexander Katoulis, Dimitrios Rigopoulos
INTRODUCTION: Corticosteroids are the mainstay of treatment for the acute phase of atopic dermatitis (AD), whereas topical emollients are mainly used for maintenance of remission. A topical agent that combines emollient and anti-inflammatory properties would achieve control of all phases of AD, without the need for chronic corticosteroid use. AIM: To assess the efficacy of a novel topical agent containing superoxide dismutase (SOD) 100 000 IU and 4% of a combination of plant extracts (blackcurrant seed oil, sunflower oil concentrate, balloon vine extract)...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107879/comparative-values-of-various-wastewater-streams-as-a-soil-nutrient-source
#7
Sonia Shilpi, Balaji Seshadri, Binoy Sarkar, Nanthi Bolan, Dane Lamb, Ravi Naidu
In order to assess whether wastewaters from different industries (winery, abattoir, dairy and municipal) could be used safely to irrigate agricultural crops, a pot experiment in glass house was conducted in a sandy clay loam soil (pH = 6.12) from South Australia. Different concentrations (0, 0.05, 5, 25, 50, 75 and 100%) of the wastewaters diluted in an ordinary tap water were applied to soils sown with sunflower and maize seeds, and the effect of these irrigation treatments were evaluated at the early crop growth stages by recording the biomass yields, plant mineral nutrient contents, and also the soil chemical properties...
October 28, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093378/influence-of-high-temperature-and-duration-of-heating-on-the-sunflower-seed-oil-properties-for-food-use-and-bio-diesel-production
#8
Angelo Maria Giuffrè, Marco Capocasale, Clotilde Zappia, Marco Poiana
Two important problems for the food industry are oil oxidation and oil waste after frying. Sunflower seed oil is one of the vegetable oils most commonly used in the food industry. Two variables were applied to the low oleic sunflower seed oil in this work i.e. heating temperature (180-210-240°C) and time of heating (15-30-60-120 minutes), to study from the edible point of view the variations of its physico-chemical properties. After 120 minutes heating at 240°C the following was found: refractive index (1...
2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091398/size-sorting-and-pattern-formation-of-nanoparticle-loaded-micellar-superstructures-in-biconcave-thin-films
#9
Jan Bart Ten Hove, Junyou Wang, Matthias N van Oosterom, Fijs W B van Leeuwen, Aldrik H Velders
Biconcave thin water layers represent a template to induce organization of supramolecular structures into ordered monolayers. Here we show how micelles form extensive micrometer-sized pseudo-2D superstructures that reveal size-sorting and geometric pattern formation, as shown by cryo-transmission electron microscopy (cryoTEM). Electron-rich gold particles inside the micelles facilitate direct visualization and determination of size, composition and ordering of the micellar assemblies over multiple length scales...
November 1, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045417/effects-of-food-store-quality-on-hibernation-performance-in-common-hamsters
#10
Carina Siutz, Matthias Nemeth, Karl-Heinz Wagner, Ruth Quint, Thomas Ruf, Eva Millesi
Hibernating animals can adjust torpor expression according to available energy reserves. Besides the quantity, the quality of energy reserves could play an important role for overwintering strategies. Common hamsters are food-storing hibernators and show high individual variation in hibernation performance, which might be related to the quality of food hoards in the hibernacula. In this study, we tested the effects of food stores high in fat content, particularly polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), on hibernation patterns under laboratory conditions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029088/plant-herbivore-and-plant-pollinator-interactions-of-the-developing-perennial-oilseed-crop-silphium-integrifolium
#11
J R Prasifka, R E Mallinger, B S Hulke, S R Larson, D Van Tassel
Sampling in Kansas and North Dakota documented the plant-herbivore and plant-pollinator interactions of the developing perennial oilseed crop, Silphium integrifolium Michx. The larva of the tortricid moth, Eucosma giganteana (Riley), was the most damaging floret- and seed-feeding pest in Kansas, with infested heads producing ≈85% (2015) or ≈45% (2016) fewer seeds than apparently undamaged heads. Necrosis of apical meristems caused stunting and delayed bloom in Kansas; though the source of the necrosis is not known, observations of the tarnished plant bug, Lygus lineolaris (Palisot de Beauvois; Hemiptera: Miridae), in S...
September 23, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983306/genomic-prediction-of-sunflower-hybrids-oil-content
#12
Brigitte Mangin, Fanny Bonnafous, Nicolas Blanchet, Marie-Claude Boniface, Emmanuelle Bret-Mestries, Sébastien Carrère, Ludovic Cottret, Ludovic Legrand, Gwenola Marage, Prune Pegot-Espagnet, Stéphane Munos, Nicolas Pouilly, Felicity Vear, Patrick Vincourt, Nicolas B Langlade
Prediction of hybrid performance using incomplete factorial mating designs is widely used in breeding programs including different heterotic groups. Based on the general combining ability (GCA) of the parents, predictions are accurate only if the genetic variance resulting from the specific combining ability is small and both parents have phenotyped descendants. Genomic selection (GS) can predict performance using a model trained on both phenotyped and genotyped hybrids that do not necessarily include all hybrid parents...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979153/novel-phytoceramides-containing-fatty-acids-of-diverse-chain-lengths-are-better-than-a-single-c18-ceramide-n-stearoyl-phytosphingosine-to-improve-the-physiological-properties-of-human-stratum-corneum
#13
Myoung Jin Oh, Young Hoon Cho, So Yoon Cha, Eun Ok Lee, Jin Wook Kim, Sun Ki Kim, Chang Seo Park
Ceramides in the human stratum corneum (SC) are a mixture of diverse N-acylated fatty acids (FAs) with different chain lengths. C24 is the major class of FAs of ceramides. However, there are also other classes of ceramides with diverse chain lengths of FAs, and these lengths generally range from C16 to C26. This study aimed to prepare several types of phytoceramide containing diverse chain lengths of N-acylated FAs and compare them with C18-ceramide N-stearoyl phytosphingosine (NP) in terms of their effects on the physiological properties of the SC...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977244/evaluation-of-phytotherapy-alternatives-for-controlling-rhipicephalus-boophilus-microplus-in-vitro
#14
José Pablo Villarreal Villarreal, Pedro Rassier Dos Santos, Maria Antonieta Machado Pereira da Silva, Rosaria Helena Machado Azambuja, Carolina Lambrecht Gonçalves, Jesus Jaime Hernández Escareño, Tânia Regina Bettin Dos Santos, Claudio Martin Pereira de Pereira, Rogério Antonio Freitag, Patrícia da Silva Nascente
The objective of this study was to identify the main chemical components of the essential oil of Cuminum cyminum L. (cumin) and of the fixed oils of Bertholletia excelsa (Brazil nut) and of Helianthus annuus (sunflower seed). As well as testing the three oils and three different commercial synthetic acaricides against engorged females of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus in order to explore their acaricidal efficacy. Six different concentrations of the oils (200, 100, 50, 25, 12.5 and 6.25 mg/mL) and the active principles were evaluated with the Adult Immersion Test (AIT)...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974787/interaction-between-rancidity-and-organoleptic-parameters-of-anchovy-marinade-engraulis-encrasicolus-l-1758-include-essential-oils
#15
Hülya Turan, Demet Kocatepe, İrfan Keskin, Can Okan Altan, Bayram Köstekli, Canan Candan, Asuman Ceylan
This study was carried out to evaluate the lipid oxidation and sensory attributes of anchovy marinated with 10% NaCl+4% alcohol vinegar+0.2% citric acid solution and 0.1% different essential oils. Group A Control: only sunflower seed oil, Group B: sunflower seed oil+0.1% rosemary oil, Group C: sunflower seed oil+0.1% coriander oil, Group D: sunflower seed oil+0.1% laurel oil and Group E: sunflower seed oil+0.1% garlic oil. During storage, lipid oxidation as indicated by the 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARs) values of the control group were significantly higher than the other groups containing essential oils...
September 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956991/persistence-of-trichomonas-gallinae-in-birdseed
#16
Scott McBurney, Whitney K Kelly-Clark, María J Forzán, Raphaël Vanderstichel, Kevin Teather, Spencer J Greenwood
Trichomonas gallinae has emerged worldwide as a cause of mortality in songbirds (passerines). The congregation of numerous birds, including the reservoir hosts, pigeons and doves (columbids), at backyard feeding and watering sources has been suggested as a potential driver for the outbreaks. Evidence supporting a role for water in transmission has been established, but the role of birdseed in the transmission of trichomoniasis remained to be investigated. We assessed the survival of T. gallinae in three commercial birdseeds (mixed seed, black-oil sunflower seed, and niger seed) routinely used to attract passerine birds to local properties...
September 2017: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881242/comparison-of-three-types-of-oil-crop-rotation-systems-for-effective-use-and-remediation-of-heavy-metal-contaminated-agricultural-soil
#17
Yang Yang, Xihong Zhou, Boqing Tie, Liang Peng, Hongliang Li, Kelin Wang, Qingru Zeng
Selecting suitable plants tolerant to heavy metals and producing products of economic value may be a key factor in promoting the practical application of phytoremediation polluted soils. The aim of this study is to further understand the utilization and remediation of seriously contaminated agricultural soil. In a one-year field experiment, we grew oilseed rape over the winter and then subsequently sunflowers, peanuts and sesame after the first harvest. This three rotation system produced high yields of dry biomass; the oilseed rape-sunflower, oilseed rape-peanut and oilseed rape-sesame rotation allowed us to extract 458...
August 29, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855763/effect-of-dried-sunflower-seeds-on-incisal-edge-abrasion-a-rare-case-report
#18
Avita Rath, Priyadarshini H Ramamurthy, Bennete Aloysius Fernandes, Preena Sidhu
Tooth surface loss (TSL) is a complex phenomenon characterized by the loss of hard tooth structure at various locations of the teeth, usually due to more than one factor. TSL due to abrasion can be significant in patients consuming coarse, abrasive diet. The present case reports an interesting incisal edge abrasion in a female patient, attributed to a particular dietary behavior of long-term consumption of sunflower seeds. All her family members and most of the people from her native place were also reported to have similar lesions by the patient...
March 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842940/the-impact-of-restrictions-on-neonicotinoid-and-fipronil-insecticides-on-pest-management-in-maize-oilseed-rape-and-sunflower-in-eight-eu-regions
#19
Jonas Kathage, Pedro Castañera, José Luis Alonso-Prados, Manuel Gómez-Barbero, Emilio Rodríguez-Cerezo
BACKGROUND: In 2013, the European Commission restricted the use of three neonicotinoids (clothianidin, imidacloprid, thiamethoxam) and the pyrazole fipronil, widely used to control early season pests. Here, we use original farm survey data to examine the impact of the restrictions on pest management practices in eight regional case studies including maize, oilseed rape and sunflower in seven EU countries. RESULTS: In four case studies, farmers switched to using untreated seeds as no alternative seed treatments were available...
August 26, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820048/direct-determination-of-3-chloropropanol-esters-in-edible-vegetable-oils-using-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry-hrms-orbitrap
#20
Giulia Graziani, Anna Gaspari, Donato Chianese, Lanfranco Conte, Alberto Ritieni
A series of refined edible oils derived from mixed seeds, peanuts, corn, sunflower and palm obtained from the local supermarket were analyzed for their content of 3-MCPD esters. A direct analytical method for the determination of 3-monochloropropane-1,2-diol esters (3-MCPD esters) was applied to investigate the major MCPD esters found in common edible oils; in particular seven types of monoesters and eleven types of diesters were detected. The limits of detection (LODs) for monoesters and diesters of 3-MCPD were in the range of 0...
November 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
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