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preoperative risk assesment scores

Raisa S Pompe, Marco Bandini, Felix Preisser, Michele Marchioni, Emanuele Zaffuto, Zhe Tian, Georg Salomon, Thorsten Schlomm, Hartwig Huland, Markus Graefen, Derya Tilki, Shahrokh F Shariat, Pierre I Karakiewicz
BACKGROUND: Early biochemical recurrence (eBCR) after radical prostatectomy (RP) heralds poor oncological outcomes and may be prevented with adjuvant radiation (aRT). METHODS: We developed a contemporary eBCR nomogram in 13 797 RP patients from Hamburg (2005-2016) and externally validated it in 5952 RP patients from Vienna. Receiver operating characteristics-derived area under the curve (AUC), Heagerty's C-index, and decision curve analysis (DCA) were used to quantify model accuracy and to compare the current tool with the Walz nomogram, the online Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) nomogram and the post-surgical Cancer of the Prostate Risk Assesment (CAPRA-S)...
February 27, 2018: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
Vinícius José da Silva Nina, Maria Iracema de Amorim Rocha, Rayssa Fiterman Rodrigues, Vanessa Carvalho de Oliveira, João Lívio Linhares Teixeira, Eduardo Durans Figueredo, Rachel Vilela de Abreu Haickel Nina, Carlos Antonio Coimbra Sousa
INTRODUCTION: Neurological dysfunction is a feared postoperative morbidity of cardiac surgery, an important cause of death and increased spending in hospitals. Its prediction, however, is still uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To assess the applicability of a preoperative score as a predictor of neurological dysfunction after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS: Prospective study that evaluated 77 patients who underwent CABG from February to October 2011...
July 2012: Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
Fábio Rodrigues Kerbauy, Leonardo Raul Morelli, Cláudia Toledo de Andrade, Luis Fernando Lisboa, Miguel Cendoroglo Neto, Nelson Hamerschlak
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the Pretransplantion Assesment of Mortality risk score is associated to transplant costs and can be used not only to predict mortality but also as a cost management tool. METHODS: We evaluated consecutively patients submitted to allogeneic (n = 27) and autologous (n = 89) hematopoietic stem cell-transplantation from 2004 to 2006 at Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein (SP), Brazil. Participants mean age at hematopoietic stem cell-transplantation was 42 (range 1 to 72) years; there were 69 males and 47 females; 30 patients had multiple myeloma; 41 had non-Hodgkin and Hodgkin's lymphomas; 22 had acute leukemia; 6 had chronic leukemia; and 17 had non-malignant disease...
January 2012: Einstein
Yüksel Ozkan, Alpaslan Oztürk, Recai Ozdemir, Serkan Aykut, Nazan Yalçin
BACKGROUND: Freiberg's infraction is an osteochondrosis of a lesser metatarsal head resulting in joint degeneration. There is no consensus regarding the management of these lesions. Here, we describe an interpositional arthroplasty using extensor digitorum brevis tendon as a solution for Freiberg's disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2003 and 2006, 6 women and 4 men with Freiberg's disease unresponsive to conservative treatment were operated with interpositional arthroplasty with extensor digitorum brevis tendon...
May 2008: Foot & Ankle International
Minoru Fukuda, Yoshito Takagi
BACKGROUND: There is no widespread, well-accepted preoperative risk evaluation system for cardiac operative patients in Japan. We evaluated a scoring system for the prediction of postoperative morbidity and mortality in Japanese cardiac surgical patients. METHODS: Between August 1, 2002 and July 31, 2003 154 patients undergoing heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass were scored according to EuroSCORE (European system for cardiac operative risk evaluation). All patients were divided into three risk groups, low risk group (score 0-2), medium risk group (score 3-5), and high risk group (score 6 plus)...
October 2004: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
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