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hpv cervical smear

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720454/comparative-accuracy-of-pap-smear-and-hpv-screening-in-ubon-ratchathani-in-thailand
#1
Suleeporn Sangrajrang, Piyawat Laowahutanont, Metee Wongsena, Richard Muwonge, Anant Karalak, Weerawut Imsamran, Virginia Senkomago, Rengaswamy Sankaranarayanan
We evaluate the potential for using high-risk human papillomavirus (hr-HPV) testing-based screening for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) in routine health services in Thailand; its accuracy in comparison to that of conventional cytology (CC); and the utility of HPV16/18 positive results and liquid-based cytology (LBC) triage for HPV-positive women in the detection of high-grade CIN. Women aged 30-60 years in Ubon Ratchathani province, Thailand were screened with CC and hr-HPV testing and those abnormal on either tests were referred for colposcopy and/or directed biopsies...
June 2017: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717857/concordance-of-hpv-load-and-hpv-mrna-for-16-carcinogenic-possibly-carcinogenic-hpv-types-in-paired-smear-tissue-cervical-cancer-specimens
#2
Gordana Halec, Bolormaa Dondog, Michael Pawlita, Markus Schmitt
HPV types with high viral load are associated with cervical abnormalities. However, viral load measurements and concordance of HPV loads and viral mRNA have not been demonstrated for all high-risk/possibly high-risk (HR-/pHR-)HPV types in cervical cancer (CxCa). Especially, the biological role of co-infecting HR-/pHR-HPV types with low viral load has not been thoroughly investigated. Using BSGP5+/6+-PCR/MPG genotyping, we analyzed viral loads for all currently defined 51 mucosal HPV types in 74 cervical smears from patients with CxCa and compared this data with HPV DNA and mRNA status in these patients' corresponding CxCa tissues...
July 17, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717342/prevalence-of-high-risk-genotypes-of-human-papillomavirus-women-diagnosed-with-premalignant-and-malignant-pap-smear-tests-in-southern-ecuador
#3
Paola Dalgo Aguilar, Cisne Loján González, Ana Córdova Rodríguez, Katherine Acurio Páez, Ana Paulina Arévalo, Jana Bobokova
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the primary infectious agent for the development of cervical cancer, although the presence of the virus alone is insufficient for viral development and proliferation; this can be attributed to the increase in potential oncogenic risk, along with other risk factors. In the present investigation, the prevalence of high-risk HPV was determined from samples of premalignant or malignant cervical cytology in women from the southern region of Ecuador. The kit we used was able to detect genotypes 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, and 59...
2017: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691338/optimizing-secondary-prevention-of-cervical-cancer-recent%C3%A2-advances-and-future-challenges
#4
Gina Ogilvie, Carolyn Nakisige, Warner K Huh, Ravi Mehrotra, Eduardo L Franco, Jose Jeronimo
Although human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines offer enormous promise for the ultimate control and possible elimination of cervical cancer, barriers to uptake and coverage of the vaccine both in high- and low/middle-income settings mean that advances in secondary prevention continue to be essential to prevent unnecessary deaths and suffering from cervical cancer for decades to come. While cytology (the Pap smear) has reduced cervical cancer incidence and prevalence in jurisdictions where it has been systematically implemented in population-based programs-mainly in high-income settings-limitations inherent to this method, and to program delivery, leave many women still vulnerable to cervical cancer...
July 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685798/cyto-colpo-histologic-correlation-about-an-analytical-study-of-120-colposcopies
#5
Olfa Slimani, Riadh Ben Temim, Tahar Makhlouf, Nabil Mathlouthi, Leila Attia
PROBLEM: Cervical cancer is the second gynecological cancer Tunisian women after breast. This is a sexually transmitted disease including the role of HPV has been proven. Cervical cancer screening is possible due to the accessibility of the cervix with a speculum examination and implementation of cervical smear. AIM OF THE WORK: To study the epidemiological and clinical data of patients, analyze the results of the Pap test, colposcopy and cervical biopsy staging are the lesions observed in colposcopy, compare the results of smears, colposcopy and cervical biopsy...
October 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681204/association-of-asymptomatic-bacterial-vaginosis-with-persistence-of-female-genital-human-papillomavirus-infection
#6
K Kero, J Rautava, K Syrjänen, S Grenman, S Syrjänen
More data are needed on the role of abnormal vaginal microbiota in the natural history of cervical human papillomavirus (HPV) infections. Our purpose was to study the prevalence of mixed flora (MF), bacterial vaginosis (BV) and yeast infection in women with known HPV outcomes during the 72-month follow-up (FU). Asymptomatic pregnant women (N = 329) were enrolled in the third trimester of their pregnancy. Pap smears and HPV genotyping samples were taken at baseline and at 12-, 24-, 36- and 72-month FU visits, with one additional sample at 2 months for HPV...
July 5, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614466/prevalence-of-high-risk-human-papillomavirus-among-women-in-two-english-speaking-caribbean-countries
#7
Glennis Andall-Brereton, Eulynis Brown, Sherian Slater, Yvette Holder, Silvana Luciani, Merle Lewis, Beryl Irons
Objective: To characterize high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infections in a sample of women in two small English-speaking Caribbean countries: Saint Kitts and Nevis and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Methods: Sexually active women ≥ 30 years old attending primary care health facilities participated in the study. Each participant had a gynecological examination, and two cervical specimens were collected: (1) a specimen for a Papanicolaou (Pap) test and (2) a sample of exfoliated cervical cells for HPV DNA testing, using the HPV High Risk Screen Real-TM (Sacace)...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580567/cytohistological-discrepancies-of-cervico-vaginal-smears-and-hpv-status
#8
İbrahim Alanbay, Mustafa Öztürk, Fahri Burçin Fıratlıgil, Kazım Emre Karaşahin, Müfit Cemal Yenen, Serkan Bodur
OBJECTIVES: Discrepancies between abnormal cervical cytology or high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) status (cytolo-gy negative/HPV positive) and subsequent histological findings are a common occurrence. After using co-testing, the dis-crepancies between the HR-HPV status and cervical cytology have become an issue. In this study, we aimed to determine the characteristics of women with a discrepancy between histology and cytology/HR-HPV status, in terms of diagnosis, review and identification...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579497/high-risk-human-papillomavirus-detection-in-self-sampling-compared-to-physician-taken-smear-in-a-responder-population-of-the-dutch-cervical-screening-results-of-the-vera-study
#9
P J W Ketelaars, R P Bosgraaf, A G Siebers, L F A G Massuger, J C van der Linden, C A P Wauters, J C Rahamat-Langendoen, A J C van den Brule, J IntHout, W J G Melchers, R L M Bekkers
In 2017 the cervical cancer screening program in The Netherlands will be revised. Cervical smears will primarily be tested for the presence of high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) instead of cytology, and vaginal self-sampling will be offered to non-responders. This includes a potential risk that part of the women who would otherwise opt for a cervical smear will wait for self-sampling. However, self-sampling for hrHPV in a responder population has never been studied yet. The aim of this study was to investigate the applicability and accuracy of self-sampling in detecting hrHPV in a screening responder population...
August 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562669/design-and-preliminary-analysis-of-a-vaginal-inserter-for-speculum-free-cervical-cancer-screening
#10
Mercy Nyamewaa Asiedu, Júlia Agudogo, Marlee S Krieger, Robert Miros, Rae Jean Proeschold-Bell, John W Schmitt, Nimmi Ramanujam
OBJECTIVE: Cervical cancer screening usually requires use of a speculum to provide a clear view of the cervix. The speculum is one potential barrier to screening due to fear of pain, discomfort and embarrassment. The aim of this paper is to present and demonstrate the feasibility of a tampon-sized inserter and the POCkeT Colposcope, a miniature pen sized-colposcope, for comfortable, speculum-free and potentially self-colposcopy. STUDY DESIGN: We explored different designs using 3D computer-aided design (CAD) software and performed mechanical testing simulations on each...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512628/dysplasia-of-granulocytes-in-a-patient-with-hpv-disease-recurrent-infections-and-b-lymphopenia-a-novel-variant-of-whim-syndrome
#11
Giusella M F Moscato, Erica Giacobbi, Lucia Anemona, Silvia Di Cesare, Gigliola Di Matteo, Massimo Andreoni, Alessandro Mauriello, Viviana Moschese
WHIM syndrome is a condition in which affected persons have chronic peripheral neutropenia, lymphopenia, abnormal susceptibility to human papilloma virus infection, and myelokathexis. Myelokathexis refers to the retention of mature neutrophils in the bone marrow (BM), which accounts for degenerative changes and hypersegmentation. Most patients present heterozygous autosomal dominant mutations of the gene encoding CXCR4. Consequently, aberrant CXCL12/CXCR4 signaling impairs the receptor downregulation causing hyperactivation (gain-of-function) that affects BM homing for myelopoiesis and lymphopoiesis and the release of neutrophils in the bloodstream...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481782/oral-human-papillomavirus-in-women-with-high-grade-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia
#12
Linn Woelber, Julia Breuer, Thomas Meyer, Eik Vettorazzi, Katharina Prieske, Inga Bohlmann, Chia-Jung Busch, Ingo Teudt, Oliver Brummer, Volkmar Mueller, Barbara Schmalfeldt, Donata Grimm
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate the co-prevalence of cervical and oropharyngeal human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in patients with HPV-related high-grade disease of the uterine cervix (high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion [HSIL]). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, women with abnormal cervical cytology admitted to our colposcopy units received HPV testing of the uterine cervix and the oropharynx via smear. From a subset of patients, oral lavage was collected to compare detection rates of HPV DNA between lavage and swab...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479075/-pap-smear-before-25-years-old
#13
A Rousselin, L Dion, A Racin, V Lavoué, J Levêque, K Nyangoh Timoh
OBJECTIVES: Current French recommendations advocate cervical-vaginal screening for cervical cancer from age 25 whereas earlier screening is mostly found in current clinical practice although its consequences are not well understood. METHODS: A literature review using the MedLine database on the natural history of HPV infections, cytological screening, management of cytological and histological anomalies in adolescents and young women. RESULTS: The adolescent and young woman have some characteristics that distinguish them from adult women: a high prevalence of HPV infections (making the use of the HPV test unprofitable), accompanied by a higher clearance; frequency of minor cytological abnormalities (for which a cytological surveillance without colposcopy is sufficient) and low-grade histological lesions of low grade the usual prognosis of which is complete recovery; and rarity of CIN3 lesions and absence of invasive lesions, allowing no treatment in patients with CIN2 lesions and compliant to cytological and colposcopic surveillance...
May 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454338/ellagic-acid-and-annona-muricata-in-the-chemoprevention-of-hpv-related-pre-neoplastic-lesions-of-the-cervix
#14
Giulia Morosetti, Anna Angela Criscuolo, Flavia Santi, Carlo Federico Perno, Emilio Piccione, Marco Ciotti
Ellagic acid is a phenolic compound naturally present in nuts and berries. Several studies have demonstrated that this bioactive compound has antioxidant, chemopreventive and antiviral activity. Annona muricata is a type of fruit tree with a long history of traditional use. A number of properties have been attributed to different parts of the plant, including anticancer and antioxidant activities. In the current study, a complex based on ellagic acid, Annona Muricata and antioxidant factors (an ellagic acid complex) was administered to a group of human papilloma virus (HPV) infected women with and without cervical lesions, for 12 months...
March 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453530/intracellular-signaling-entropy-can-be-a-biomarker-for-predicting-the-development-of-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia
#15
Masakazu Sato, Kei Kawana, Katsuyuki Adachi, Asaha Fujimoto, Mitsuyo Yoshida, Hiroe Nakamura, Haruka Nishida, Tomoko Inoue, Ayumi Taguchi, Juri Ogishima, Satoko Eguchi, Aki Yamashita, Kensuke Tomio, Osamu Wada-Hiraike, Katsutoshi Oda, Takeshi Nagamatsu, Yutaka Osuga, Tomoyuki Fujii
While the mortality rates for cervical cancer have been drastically reduced after the introduction of the Pap smear test, it still is one of the leading causes of death in women worldwide. Additionally, studies that appropriately evaluate the risk of developing cervical lesions are needed. Therefore, we investigated whether intracellular signaling entropy, which is measured with microarray data, could be useful for predicting the risks of developing cervical lesions. We used three datasets, GSE63514 (histology), GSE27678 (cytology) and GSE75132 (cytology, a prospective study)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440976/diagnostic-value-of-the-caretm-hpv-test-in-screening-for-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-grade-2-or-worse
#16
Mojgan Karimi Zarchi, Effat Heydari, Afsarolsadat Tabatabaie, Mansour Moghimi, Wesam Kooti
Background: Cervical cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in women worldwide. Persistent infection with a high risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) is the main etiological factor, so that early early detection of HR-HPV is very important. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of CareTM HPV, a new method, as compared with Pap smear, PCR, and biopsy for screening purposes. Material and Method: In this cross-sectional study, 200 sexually active women aging from 25-50 years referred to the oncology clinic of Shahid Sodoughi Yazd Hospital in 2015 with a variety of cervix epithelial lesions or a need for colposcopy were enrolled...
March 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422558/understanding-transgender-men-s-experiences-with-and-preferences-for-cervical-cancer-screening-a-rapid-assessment-survey
#17
Julia Seay, Atticus Ranck, Roy Weiss, Christopher Salgado, Lydia Fein, Erin Kobetz
PURPOSE: Transgender men are less likely than cisgender women to receive cervical cancer screening. The purpose of the current study was to understand experiences with and preferences for cervical cancer screening among transgender men. METHODS: Ninety-one transgender men ages 21-63 completed the survey. The survey evaluated experiences with and preferences for screening, including opinions regarding human papillomavirus (HPV) self-sampling as a primary cervical cancer screening...
April 19, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420907/effectiveness-of-health-education-programme-level-of-knowledge-about-prevention-of-cervical-cancer-among-saudi-female-healthcare-students
#18
Ghadeer Khaled Al-Shaikh, Sadiqa Badar Syed, Amel Ahmed Fayed, Reem Ali Al-Shaikh, Eman Mohammed Al-Mussaed, Farida Habib Khan, Hala Nasser Elmorshedy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of health education programme on the knowledge of human papilloma virus among female medical students. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study was conducted in 2014 at the Princess Nourah bint Abulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and comprised female medical students. An intervention programme was implemented in the form of lectures, videos, posters, etc. on human papillomavirus. SPSS 20 was used for data analysis...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410118/disparity-in-rates-of-hpv-infection-and-cervical-cancer-in-underserved-us-populations
#19
REVIEW
Asok Ranjan Karuri, Vivek Kumar Kashyap, Murali Mohan Yallapu, Nadeem Zafar, Satish K Kedia, Meena Jaggi, Subhash C Chauhan
There is a higher rate of HPV infection and cervical cancer incidence and mortality in underserved US population who reside in Appalachian mountain region compared to Northern Plains. Social and behavioral factors such as smoking and alcohol consumption are for such a high incidence. However, by and large, the reasons for these discrepancies lie in the reluctance of the underserved population to adopt preventive measures such as prophylactic Human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccines and Pap smear screening that have significantly reduced the incidence and mortality rate of cervical cancer in Caucasian women...
June 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Scholar Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390162/concordance-of-hpv-dna-in-cervical-dysplasia-or-genital-warts-in-women-and-their-monogamous-long-term-male-partners
#20
Filip Rob, Ruth Tachezy, Tomáš Pichlík, Petr Škapa, Lukáš Rob, Eva Hamšíková, Jana Šmahelová, Jana Hercogová
Transmission of human papillomavirus (HPV) is a premise for development of cervical dysplasia and genital warts (GWs). This cross-sectional study assesses concordance of HPV types present in GWs or cervical dysplasia in women and genital infection of their monogamous male partners in conjunction with seroprevalence of HPV-6, -11, -16, and -18 antibodies. Blood was taken from both women and men, as well a smear of the urogenital area of men. HPV DNA detection in women was done in fixed paraffin embedded tissues under histological control...
September 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
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