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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324678/traumatic-stress-symptoms-after-the-november-13th-2015-terrorist-attacks-among-young-adults-the-relation-to-media-and-emotion-regulation
#1
Emmanuel Monfort, Mohammad Hassan Afzali
OBJECTIVE: A major terror attack occurred in the Paris region on 13th November 2015. This event was widely showed, described, and commented in the media. Media consumption may lead to a widespread diffusion of trauma-related symptoms following a collective trauma. These effects may depend on the type of media and emotion regulation strategies used by the media consumer. METHOD: Trauma history, traumatic symptoms, media consumption, psychological distress, and emotion regulation strategies of 451 young adults were assessed by an online survey...
March 6, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323806/improving-pain-management-and-long-term-outcomes-following-high-energy-orthopaedic-trauma-pain-study
#2
Renan C Castillo, Srinivasa N Raja, Katherine P Frey, Heather A Vallier, Paul Tornetta, Todd Jaeblon, Brandon J Goff, Allan Gottschalk, Daniel O Scharfstein, Robert V OʼToole
Poor pain control after orthopaedic trauma is a predictor of physical disability and numerous negative long-term outcomes. Despite increased awareness of the negative consequences of poorly controlled pain, analgesic therapy among hospitalized patients after orthopaedic trauma remains inconsistent and often inadequate. The Pain study is a 3 armed, prospective, double-blind, multicenter randomized trial designed to evaluate the effect of standard pain management versus standard pain management plus perioperative nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or pregabalin in patients of ages 18-85 with extremity fractures...
April 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323705/etiology-of-adult-onset-stress-fracture-in-the-lumbar-spine
#3
Fumitake Tezuka, Koichi Sairyo, Toshinori Sakai, Akira Dezawa
STUDY DESIGN: This study was a case series. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper was to present a case series of fresh stress fractures (spondylolysis) in the lumbar spines of adult athletes. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Lumbar spondylolysis is a stress fracture of the pars interarticularis, which is generally considered a disease of children or adolescence. There is only 1 case series written in English reporting on adult-onset fresh spondylolysis...
April 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323579/who-experiences-seclusion-an-examination-of-demographics-and-duration-in-a-public-acute-inpatient-mental-health-service
#4
Jacinta Chavulak, Melissa Petrakis
Restrictive interventions such as seclusion may occur during an acute mental health crisis. Such interventions are experienced by people as traumatic and counter to recovery. The current study aimed to investigate the use of seclusion and who was secluded amongst patients presenting with psychotic symptomology. All acute inpatient admissions were examined across a 12-month period January-December 2013. Electronic and paper records were accessed and audited for all 655 admissions. There were 91 admissions that included a seclusion and 200 seclusion events...
March 21, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320134/post-hemorrhagic-hydrocephalus-recent-advances-and-new-therapeutic-insights
#5
REVIEW
Qianwei Chen, Zhou Feng, Qiang Tan, Jing Guo, Jun Tang, Liang Tan, Hua Feng, Zhi Chen
Post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH), also referred to as progressive ventricular dilatation, is caused by disturbances in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow or absorption following hemorrhage in the brain. As one of the most serious complications of neonatal/adult intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and traumatic brain injury (TBI), PHH is associated with increased morbidity and disability of these events. Common sequelae of PHH include neurocognitive impairment, motor dysfunction, and growth impairment...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319694/sexual-trauma-is-more-strongly-associated-with-tonic-immobility-than-other-types-of-trauma-a-population-based-study
#6
Juliana Kalaf, Evandro Silva Freire Coutinho, Liliane Maria Pereira Vilete, Mariana Pires Luz, William Berger, Mauro Mendlowicz, Eliane Volchan, Sergio Baxter Andreoli, Maria Inês Quintana, Jair de Jesus Mari, Ivan Figueira
BACKGROUND: Tonic immobility is an involuntary motor and vocal inhibition reaction, considered the last-ditch response of the defensive cascade model. It is elicited in context of inescapable threat and perception of entrapment. Our aim was to investigate the association between different traumatic events and peritraumatic tonic immobility (PTI) in a representative sample of the general population. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of general population from Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo with 3231 victims of traumatic events aged 15-75 years who completed the Tonic Immobility Scale (TIS)...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317616/review-of-166-gunshot-injury-cases-in-dogs
#7
Hrvoje Capak, Nika Brkljaca Bottegaro, Ana Manojlovic, Ozren Smolec, Drazen Vnuk
The study is aimed to establish predilection signalment and history data, and to investigate clinical findings and risk factors associated with a poor outcome in dogs with projectile injuries. A retrospective study was undertaken of 166 canine cases in which a projectile was found on radiograph in a university׳s diagnostic imaging center more than a 4-year period. The study included dogs with both apparent (obvious recent traumatic event) and incidental (traumatic event unknown to the owner) projectile injury...
December 2016: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303478/effects-of-synbiotic2000%C3%A2-forte-on-the-intestinal-motility-and-interstitial-cells-of-cajal-in-tbi-mouse-model
#8
Limei Zhang, Jing Zeng, Yuanyuan Ma, Min Tan, Min Zhou, Huan Fang, Stig Bengmark, Jingci Zhu
The main objective of this study was to investigate the effects of Synbiotic2000™ Forte on the intestinal motility and interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) in traumatic brain injury (TBI) mouse model. Kunming mice were randomly divided into sham operation group (S group), enteral nutrition group with TBI (E group), and Synbiotic2000™ Forte group with TBI (P group). The contractile activity of the intestinal smooth muscle, densities and ultrastructure of the ICC, kit protein concentration, weight, and defecation of mice were monitored and analyzed...
March 16, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303450/dr%C3%AE-1-mog-35-55-treatment-reduces-lesion-volumes-and-improves-neurological-deficits-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#9
Liu Yang, Zhijia Liu, Honglei Ren, Lei Zhang, Siman Gao, Li Ren, Zhi Chai, Roberto Meza-Romero, Gil Benedek, Arthur A Vandenbark, Halina Offner, Minshu Li
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) results in severe neurological impairments without effective treatments. Inflammation appears to be an important contributor to key pathogenic events such as secondary brain injury following TBI and therefore serves as a promising target for novel therapies. We have recently demonstrated the ability of a molecular construct comprised of the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DRα1 domain linked covalently to mouse (m)MOG-35-55 peptide (DRα1-MOG-35-55 construct) to reduce CNS inflammation and tissue injury in animal models of multiple sclerosis and ischemic stroke...
March 16, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301956/the-effect-of-tracheostomy-performed-within-72%C3%A2-h-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Keita Shibahashi, Kazuhiro Sugiyama, Hidenori Houda, Yuichi Takasu, Yuichi Hamabe, Akio Morita
The optimal timing of tracheostomy in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of tracheostomy performed within 72 h after admission. In this retrospective cohort study, the authors reviewed the data for a series of 120 consecutive patients who underwent tracheostomy after suffering TBI with an Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) score of ≥4. The exclusion criteria were as follows: age <18 years, severe chest injury with an AIS score of ≥4, and a requirement for intubation because of upper airway obstruction...
March 16, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301646/traumatic-facial-injuries-among-elderly-nursing-home-residents-never-event-or-frequent-occurrence
#11
Michael Bobian, Nour El-Kashlan, Curtis J Hanba, Peter F Svider, Adam J Folbe, Jean Anderson Eloy, Giancarlo F Zuliani, Michael Carron
Importance: As the nursing home population continues to increase, an understanding of preventable injuries becomes exceedingly important. Although other fall-related injuries have been characterized, little attention has been dedicated to facial trauma. Objectives: To estimate the incidence of facial trauma among nursing home residents and detail mechanisms of injury, injury characteristics, and patient demographic data. Design, Setting, and Participants: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System was used to calculate a weighted national incidence of facial trauma among individuals older than 60 years from a nationally representative collection of emergency departments from January 1, 2011, through December 31, 2015...
March 16, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298549/diverging-white-matter-trajectories-in-children-after-traumatic-brain-injury-the-rapbi-study
#12
Emily L Dennis, Faisal Rashid, Monica U Ellis, Talin Babikian, Roza M Vlasova, Julio E Villalon-Reina, Yan Jin, Alexander Olsen, Richard Mink, Christopher Babbitt, Jeffrey Johnson, Christopher C Giza, Paul M Thompson, Robert F Asarnow
OBJECTIVE: To examine longitudinal trajectories of white matter organization in pediatric moderate/severe traumatic brain injury (msTBI) over a 12-month period. METHODS: We studied 21 children (16 M/5 F) with msTBI, assessed 2-5 months postinjury and again 13-19 months postinjury, as well as 20 well-matched healthy control children. We assessed corpus callosum function through interhemispheric transfer time (IHTT), measured using event-related potentials, and related this to diffusion-weighted MRI measures of white matter (WM) microstructure...
March 15, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295524/the-impact-of-cannabis-use-disorder-on-suicidal-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-iraq-afghanistan-era-veterans-with-and-without-mental-health-disorders
#13
Nathan A Kimbrel, Eric C Meyer, Bryann B DeBeer, Suzy B Gulliver, Sandra B Morissette
The objective of this study was to assess the association between cannabis use disorder (CUD) and self-injury among veterans. As expected, after adjusting for sex, age, sexual orientation, combat exposure, traumatic life events, traumatic brain injury, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, alcohol use disorder, and noncannabis drug use disorder, CUD was significantly associated with both suicidal (OR = 3.10, p = .045) and nonsuicidal (OR = 5.12, p = .009) self-injury. CUD was the only variable significantly associated with self-injury in all three models examined...
March 13, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293323/effect-of-sanitary-environmental-conditions-of-diabetic-hypertension-incidence-in-displaced-persons
#14
Muamer Muraspahić, Isaja Kastrat, Semsudin Plojović, Mirsad Imamovic, Sonja Ketin, Rade Biocanin
BACKGROUND: The abnormal conditions of life and genetic factors often play a major role in the incidence of "diabetes - diabetes", heart disease and vascular disease, jaundice and posttraumatic stress. AIM: Trauma and posttraumatic stress are most common in the displaced persons, and the focus of this paper is to focus on this issue regarding cases in former Yugoslavia, and now in our country. These diseases are caused by increased beta-cell sensitivity to viruses, the development of autoimmune antibodies attacking their pancreas cells, degenerative changes in cells that result in the change of structure and of insulin production...
March 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291463/streamlining-participant-recruitment-for-tbi-and-ptsd-research-studies
#15
Shristi Joshi, Kerri Dunbar, Patricia Taylor, Kelli L Sullivan, Mariam M Afzal, Christina Song, Maulik Purohit, Michael J Roy
OBJECTIVES: Recruitment of participants for traumatic brain injury (TBI) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) studies is a major challenge, causing delays in study timelines and even study failures. To address this challenge, the Center for Neuroscience and Regenerative Medicine (CNRM) Recruitment Core developed procedures for identification, screening, and referral of participants from screening studies to a broad range of TBI and PTSD studies. METHODS: Participants were recruited from civilian hospitals, Military Treatment Facilities, and through various events and presentations...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291303/thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-for-traumatic-type-b-aortic-dissection-a-five-year-experience-from-a-single-center
#16
Shuang Li, Wenwu Cai, Xin Li, Jian Qiu, Quanming Li, Chang Shu
BACKGROUND: to share our experience and demonstrate the feasibility, safety and efficacy of Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for traumatic Type B Aortic Dissection (TTBAD). METHODS: Between October 2010 and October 2015, 36 patients, who have been diagnosed as TTBAD, were included. A computed tomography angiography (CTA) scan was performed to confirm the diagnosis and to localize the aortic entry. The clinical data and outcomes of these patients were retrospectively reviewed and collected for further analysis...
March 14, 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289555/gender-differences-in-post-traumatic-stress
#17
Maria Grazia Modena, Daniele Pettorelli, Giulia Lauria, Elisa Giubertoni, Erminio Mauro, Valentina Martinotti
Acute stress can trigger cardiovascular events and disease. The earthquake is an "ideal" natural experiment for acute and chronic stress, with impact mainly on the cardiovascular system. On May 20th and 29th, 2012, two earthquakes of magnitude 5.9° to 6.4° on the Richter scale, hit the province of Modena and Reggio Emilia, an area of the north-center of Italy never considered at seismic risk. The purpose of our study was to assess whether there were gender-specific differences in stress-induced incidence of cardiovascular events and age of patients who arrived at the Emergency Departments (ED) of the three main teaching hospitals of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia...
2017: BioResearch Open Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289480/ultrasound-elastography-for-determination-of-the-age-of-venous-thrombi-evaluation-of-thrombus-evolution-in-patients-after-sclerotherapy
#18
Łukasz Paluch, Ewa Nawrocka-Laskus, Agnieszka Dąbrowska, Tadeusz Popiela, Jerzy Walecki
BACKGROUND: Venous thrombosis is a multicausal disease involving intravenous clot formation. It may occur spontaneously or after provoking events, such as traumatic injuries to the pelvis, upper and lower extermities, immobilization, intravascular procedures, including venous catheterization or injection. Color Doppler ultrasonography is a rapid and non-invasive technique for evaluation of venous disease. It is a very sensitive method for detection of thrombi, but has some limitations, e...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289190/ampk-blocks-starvation-inducible-transgenerational-defects-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#19
Emilie Demoinet, Shaolin Li, Richard Roy
Life history events, such as traumatic stress, illness, or starvation, can influence us through molecular changes that are recorded in a pattern of characteristic chromatin modifications. These modifications are often associated with adaptive adjustments in gene expression that can persist throughout the lifetime of the organism, or even span multiple generations. Although these adaptations may confer some selective advantage, if they are not appropriately regulated they can also be maladaptive in a context-dependent manner...
March 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288867/moderate-traumatic-brain-injury-increases-the-vulnerability-to-neurotoxicity-induced-by-systemic-administration-of-6-hydroxydopamine-in-mice
#20
Paulo Alexandre de Oliveira, Juliana Ben, Filipe Carvalho Matheus, Marcelo Liborio Schwarzbold, Eduardo Luiz Gasnhar Moreira, Daniel Rial, Roger Walz, Rui Daniel Prediger
Moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI) might increase the vulnerability to neuronal neurodegeneration, but the basis of such selective neuronal susceptibility has remained elusive. In keeping with the disruption of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) caused by TBI, changes in BBB permeability following brain injury could facilitate the access of xenobiotics into the brain. To test this hypothesis, here we evaluated whether TBI would increase the susceptibility of nigrostriatal dopaminergic fibers to the systemic administration of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA), a classic neurotoxin used to trigger a PD-like phenotype in mice, but that in normal conditions is unable to cross the BBB...
March 10, 2017: Brain Research
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