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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042878/the-evaluation-acute-traumatic-stress-level-in-close-relatives-of-stroke-patients
#1
Yasemin Ünal, Yes Im Ünal, Dilek A Öztürk, Gülser K Emir, Mustafa Yılmaz, Gulnihal Kutlu
OBJECTIVE: Stroke is the second most common cause of death and the leading cause of adult disability. Both stroke patients and their family can therefore experience increased traumatic stress level. METHODS: The participants are close relatives of patients (n=65) who had a first time stroke (CRPWS) hospitalized. A control group (CG) (n=61), who had no history of chronic illness in their family and had at least one traumatic life event experience. The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale, Modified Rankin Scale, Personal Information Form, Life Events Checklist, Traumatic Stress Symptom Scale, and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, were used in the study...
September 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040949/phenomenological-characteristics-of-recovered-memory-in-nonclinical-individuals
#2
Chui-De Chiu
A central hypothesis of recovered memory is that the source of the memory may be misattributed, and the memory of an imagined event may be mistaken as the memory of the perceived event that was not remembered. The judgment of memory source depends upon phenomenological characteristics. Thus, the present study investigated characteristics of recovered memory. To exclude potential confounding effects of traumatic stress and acute mental illness, data on recovered memories of diverse valences in a nonclinical sample were collected...
October 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038691/a-network-analysis-of-anger-shame-proposed-icd-11-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-different-types-of-childhood-trauma-in-foster-care-settings-in-a-sample-of-adult-survivors
#3
Tobias M Glück, Matthias Knefel, Brigitte Lueger-Schuster
Background: Anger and shame are aspects that are specifically associated with psychopathology and maladaptation after childhood abuse and neglect. They are known to influence symptom maintenance and exacerbation; however, their interaction is not fully understood. Objective: To explore with network analysis the association and interaction of prolonged, complex interpersonal childhood abuse and neglect in institutional foster care settings [institutional abuse (IA)] with anger, shame, and the proposed 11th revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-11) post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in adult survivors...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038687/mental-health-status-of-north-korean-refugees-in-south-korea-and-risk-and-protective-factors-a-10-year-review-of-the-literature
#4
REVIEW
Yeeun Lee, Minji Lee, Subin Park
Background: North Korean refugees (NKRs) are often exposed to traumatic events in North Korea and during their defection. Furthermore, they face sociocultural barriers in adapting to the new society to which they have defected. Objective: To integrate previous findings on this mentally vulnerable population, we systematically reviewed articles on the mental health of NKRs in South Korea. Method: We searched for empirical studies conducted in the last 10 years in six online databases (international journals: Embase, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science; Korean journals: DBPIA, KMbase) through June 2017...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038680/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-moderates-the-relationship-between-trauma-exposure-and-chronic-pain
#5
J Siqveland, T Ruud, E Hauff
Background: Trauma exposure and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are risk factors for chronic pain. Objective: This study investigated how exposure to intentional and non-intentional traumatic events and PTSD are related to pain severity and outcome of treatment in chronic pain patients. Methods: We assessed exposure to potentially traumatizing events, psychiatric diagnosis with structured clinical interview, and pain severity in 63 patients at a secondary multidisciplinary pain clinic at the beginning of treatment, and assessed level of pain at follow up...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036532/behavioral-pattern-separation-and-its-link-to-the-neural-mechanisms-of-fear-generalization
#6
Iris Lange, Liesbet Goossens, Stijn Michielse, Jindra Bakker, Shmuel Lissek, Silvia Papalini, Simone Verhagen, Nicole Leibold, Machteld Marcelis, Marieke Wichers, Ritsaert Lieverse, Jim van Os, Therese van Amelsvoort, Koen Schruers
Fear generalization is a prominent feature of anxiety disorders and post-traumatic stress disorder. It is defined as enhanced fear responding to a stimulus that bears similarities, but is not identical to a threatening stimulus. Pattern separation, a hippocampal-dependent process, is critical for stimulus discrimination; it transforms similar experiences or events into non-overlapping representations. The current study is the first in humans to investigate the extent to which fear generalization relies on behavioral pattern separation abilities...
September 26, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032639/long-term-mental-well-being-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-diagnosed-with-venous-thromboembolism-results-from-a-multistage-mixed-methods-study
#7
Anette Arbjerg Højen, Erik Elgaard Sørensen, Pia Sander Dreyer, Mette Søgaard, Torben Bjerregaard Larsen
BACKGROUND: Critical and chronic illness in youth can lead to impaired mental well-being. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a potentially traumatic and life-threatening condition. Nonetheless, the long-term mental well-being of adolescents and young adults (AYAS) with VTE is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the long-term mental well-being of AYAS (13-33 years) diagnosed with VTE. METHODS: We performed a multistage mixed method study based on data from the Danish nationwide health registries, and semi-structured interviews with 12 AYAS diagnosed with VTE...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030502/injury-talk-spontaneous-parent-child-conversations-in-the-aftermath-of-a-potentially-traumatic-event
#8
Eva Alisic, Shaminka Gunaratnam, Anna Barrett, Rowena Conroy, Helen Jowett, Silvia Bressan, Franz E Babl, Roderick McClure, Vicki Anderson, Matthias R Mehl
BACKGROUND: While talking about traumatic experiences is considered central to psychological recovery, little is known about how these conversations occur in daily life. OBJECTIVE: We investigated spontaneous injury talk among parents and children in the aftermath of a child's hospitalisation due to physical trauma, and its relationship with children's socioemotional functioning. METHODS: In a prospective naturalistic observation study, we audio-sampled the daily life of 71 families with the Electronically Activated Recorder after their child (3-16 years old) was discharged from hospital...
October 13, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030020/the-trajectory-of-positive-psychological-change-in-a-head-and-neck-cancer-population
#9
S A Harding
A stressful event may be sufficient to challenge a strongly held set of assumptions about the world and the self. In some people this may lead to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and in others to positive psychological change (PPC), whereby a person's reactions to the challenge are beneficial. Little research has investigated PPC in people who have had head and neck cancer (HNC). The aim of this study was to identify demographic, clinical, and psychological factors associated with PPC over time. A cross-sequential study collected data over 5 years...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028591/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-in-parents-and-adolescents-after-the-wenchuan-earthquake-a-longitudinal-actor-partner-interdependence-model
#10
Xuliang Shi, Ya Zhou, Fulei Geng, Yuanyuan Li, Jieying Zhou, Binbin Lei, Siyi Chen, Xiaoyan Chen, Fang Fan
BACKGROUND: Previous research has examined the association between parents' and children's posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms (PTSS) after a variety of traumatic events. However, longitudinal parent-child dyadic studies are scarce. METHODS: Independent self-reports were collected from parent-adolescent dyads (n = 688) after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake. Adolescents (Mean = 15.22 years; 61.63% female) and one of their parents (Mean = 41.04 years; 58.14% female) each reported on their PTSS at 12 (T12m) and 18 months (T18m) following the earthquake...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024396/health-impact-of-climate-change-in-older-people-an-integrative-review-and-implications-for-nursing
#11
Erwin William A Leyva, Adam Beaman, Patricia M Davidson
PURPOSE: Older people account for the highest proportion of mortality from extreme weather events associated with climate change. This article aims to describe the health impacts of climate change on older people. TYPE OF STUDY: An integrative review was conducted with 30 studies retrieved from PubMed, EBSCO, and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) on climate stressors, determinants of resilient capacity, risk factors, and health outcomes...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023274/the-injury-and-illness-profile-of-male-and-female-participants-in-a-94-7-km-cycle-race-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Mia Breedt, Dina C Janse van Rensburg, Lizelle Fletcher, Catharina C Grant, Martin P Schwellnus
OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence and patterns of injury and illness of male and female participants during a 94.7 km distance cycling event. DESIGN: Descriptive study. SETTING: Momentum 94.7 Cycle Challenge 2014. PARTICIPANTS: All 23 055 race starters (males = 17 520, females = 5236, not specified = 299). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The incidence and type of all medical complaints and difference between sexes...
October 11, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023137/sexual-vs-nonsexual-currently-most-upsetting-trauma-a-fresh-look-at-attenuation-of-sexual-response-alcohol-intoxication-and-post-traumatic-stress
#13
Elizabeth R Bird, Martin Seehuus, Julia R Heiman, Kelly Cue Davis, Jeanette Norris, William H George
This study examined the dependence of sexual response (vaginal pulse amplitude [VPA] and subjective sexual arousal) on alcohol intoxication (.10% breath alcohol concentration [BrAC] versus no alcohol) and the nature of a woman's currently most upsetting traumatic event (C-MUTE), whether it was sexual (e.g., rape) or nonsexual (e.g., combat). Self-reported sexual outcomes were also compared by C-MUTE type. A total of 117 women completed background measures and either drank alcoholic or nonalcoholic beverages...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018561/disturbed-eeg-sleep-paranoid-cognition-and-somatic-symptoms-identify-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#14
Harvey Moldofsky, Lorne Rothman, Robert Kleinman, Shawn G Rhind, J Donald Richardson
BACKGROUND: Chronic post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) behavioural symptoms and medically unexplainable somatic symptoms are reported to occur following the stressful experience of military combatants in war zones. AIMS: To determine the contribution of disordered EEG sleep physiology in those military combatants who have unexplainable physical symptoms and PTSD behavioural difficulties following war-zone exposure. METHOD: This case-controlled study compared 59 veterans with chronic sleep disturbance with 39 veterans with DSM-IV and clinician-administered PTSD Scale diagnosed PTSD who were unresponsive to pharmacological and psychological treatments...
November 2016: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018388/emdr-beyond-ptsd-a-systematic-literature-review
#15
Alicia Valiente-Gómez, Ana Moreno-Alcázar, Devi Treen, Carlos Cedrón, Francesc Colom, Víctor Pérez, Benedikt L Amann
Background: Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a psychotherapeutic approach that has demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) through several randomized controlled trials (RCT). Solid evidence shows that traumatic events can contribute to the onset of severe mental disorders and can worsen their prognosis. The aim of this systematic review is to summarize the most important findings from RCT conducted in the treatment of comorbid traumatic events in psychosis, bipolar disorder, unipolar depression, anxiety disorders, substance use disorders, and chronic back pain...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017517/traumatic-penile-amputation-a-case-report
#16
Tushar Patial, Girish Sharma, Pamposh Raina
BACKGROUND: Traumatic amputation of the penis is a rare surgical emergency. Although repair techniques have been well described in literature, failure of replantation and its causes are poorly understood and reported. Herein, we report the case of a 9 year old boy who underwent replantation of his amputated penis with delayed failure of the surgery, along with a discussion of recent advances in the management of this condition. CASE  PRESENTATION: A 9-year-old boy was referred to our hospital for traumatic amputation of the penis...
October 10, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017495/treatment-of-thoracic-or-lumbar-burst-fractures-with-balloon-assisted-endplate-reduction-using-tricalcium-phosphate-cement-histological-and-radiological-evaluation
#17
Joep Kitzen, Martijn G M Schotanus, Herbert S W Plasschaert, Frans-Jan H Hulsmans, Pieter B J Tilman
BACKGROUND: Short-segment pedicle-screw instrumentation is frequently used to stabilize thoracolumbar burst fractures. A recognized disadvantage of this procedure is recurrent kyphosis from intervertebral disc creep into the fractured central endplate. Balloon Assisted Endplate Reduction (BAER) using Tricalcium Phosphate bone cement (TCP) enables elevation of the centrally depressed endplate. Our objective was to evaluate the bone-tissue response to TCP and to analyse whether BAER using TCP can prevent recurrent kyphosis after removal of the instrumentation...
October 10, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017304/hemorrhagic-lumbar-synovial-cyst-after-microscopic-discectomy
#18
Hak Sung Kim, Seok Won Kim
Intraspinal synovial cysts are rare but they are being documented with increasing frequency due to improvements in radiological imaging. However, hemorrhage into synovial cysts is uncommon, and affected patients may present with acute onset radiculopathy. This type of hemorrhage is known to result from rupture of fragile neoangiogenic vessels in the cyst wall, due to a traumatic event or anticoagulant therapy. Here, the authors present a rare case of hemorrhagic lumbar synovial cyst caused by spinal instability after microscopic discectomy...
September 2017: Korean Journal of Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016902/validation-of-the-ptsd-8-scale-in-chronic-pain-patients
#19
Tonny E Andersen, Maj Hansen, Sophie L Ravn, Renate Seehuus, Manja Nielsen, Henrik B Vaegter
Objectives: The aim was to validate the short PTSD-8 scale against the Structured Clinical Interview (SCID-1) for post-traumatic stress disorder and to test the latent structure of post-traumatic stress disorder in chronic pain patients. Methods: A total of 51 chronic nonmalignant pain patients exposed to a traumatic event were consecutively recruited from a multidisciplinary pain center. All participants answered a baseline questionnaire followed by the PTSD-8 and the diagnostic interview for PTSD...
July 13, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016432/is-systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome-relevant-to-pulmonary-complications-and-mortality-in-multiply-injured-children
#20
Waleed Al-Mahdi, Mazen M Ibrahim, David A Spiegel, Alexandre Arkader, Michael Nance, Keith Baldwin
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) is a well-recognized phenomenon in adult trauma populations. The "initial hit" of the traumatic event is often coupled with a systemic immune response characterized by changes in vital signs and laboratory indicators. A "second hit" from surgery during this time frame often results in acute lung injury, along with deterioration of the patient's clinical condition. We hypothesized that children and adolescents would experience SIRS physiology, but would not experience adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) or "second hit" related death to the extent seen in the adult populations...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
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