keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Superior

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732406/quantifying-deforestation-and-forest-degradation-with-thermal-response
#1
Hua Lin, Yajun Chen, Qinghai Song, Peili Fu, James Cleverly, Vincenzo Magliulo, Beverly E Law, Christopher M Gough, Lukas Hörtnagl, Filippo Di Gennaro, Giorgio Matteucci, Leonardo Montagnani, Pierpaolo Duce, Changliang Shao, Tomomichi Kato, Damien Bonal, Eugénie Paul-Limoges, Jason Beringer, John Grace, Zexin Fan
Deforestation and forest degradation cause the deterioration of resources and ecosystem services. However, there are still no operational indicators to measure forest status, especially for forest degradation. In the present study, we analysed the thermal response number (TRN, calculated by daily total net radiation divided by daily temperature range) of 163 sites including mature forest, disturbed forest, planted forest, shrubland, grassland, savanna vegetation and cropland. TRN generally increased with latitude, however the regression of TRN against latitude differed among vegetation types...
July 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732320/do-cyclists-make-better-drivers-associations-between-cycling-experience-and-change-detection-in-road-scenes
#2
Vanessa Beanland, Lisa J Hansen
Efficient processing of visual information is crucial to safe driving. Previous research has demonstrated that driving experience strongly affects attentional allocation, with large differences between novice and experienced drivers. Expanding on this, we explored the influence of non-driving experiences on attentional allocation by comparing drivers with and without cycling experience. Based on situation awareness field studies, we predicted cyclist-drivers would demonstrate superior performance. Participants were 42 experienced drivers (17 female, 25 male) aged 30-50 years (M=39...
July 18, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732271/a-rare-anomaly-of-the-right-superior-pulmonary-vein-report-of-a-case
#3
Yoshinobu Ichiki, Kesei Kakizoe, Takayuki Hamatsu, Taketoshi Suehiro, Makiko Koike, Fumihiro Tanaka, Keizo Sugimachi
INTRODUCTION: Although there are a lot of variations of pulmonary veins (PVs) including dangerous type that could cause serous complications during the surgery, limited information has been reported about these variations. We have experienced an extremely rare anomaly of the right superior PV. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 74-year-old man patient with right lung cancer visited our hospital. Chest computed tomography (CT) revealed a pulmonary nodule in the right lower lobe...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732046/qualitative-differences-in-cellular-immunogenicity-elicited-by-hepatitis-c-virus-t-cell-vaccines-employing-prime-boost-regimens
#4
Wendy G Tan, Iryna Zubkova, Alla Kachko, Frances Wells, Heiko Adler, Gerd Sutter, Marian E Major
T-cell based vaccines have been considered as attractive candidates for prevention of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections. In this study we compared the magnitude and phenotypic characteristics of CD8+ T-cells induced by three commonly used viral vectors, Adenovirus-5 (Ad5), Vaccinia virus (VV) and Modified Vaccinia Ankara (MVA) expressing the HCV NS3/4A protein. C57/BL6 mice were primed with DNA expressing NS3/4A and boosted with each of the viral vectors in individual groups of mice. We then tracked the vaccine-induced CD8+ T-cell responses using pentamer binding and cytokine production analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731952/open-colectomies-of-shorter-operative-time-do-not-result-in-improved-outcomes-compared-with-prolonged-laparoscopic-operations
#5
Sara L Zettervall, Ivy N Haskins, Sarah E Deery, Richard L Amdur, Paul P Lin, Khashayar Vaziri
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic colectomies are associated with reduced perioperative morbidity and mortality compared with open surgery. Nevertheless, many surgeons continue to utilize an open surgical approach due to the perceived benefits of shorter operative times. This study aims to compare the outcomes of laparoscopic versus open colectomies of equal or shorter operative duration. METHODS: All patients undergoing elective laparoscopic or open colectomy in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Project (ACS-NSQIP) were identified from the years 2005 through 2012...
July 20, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731928/serious-game-versus-online-course-for-pretraining-medical-students-before-a-simulation-based-mastery-learning-course-on-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-randomised-controlled-study
#6
David Drummond, Paul Delval, Sonia Abdenouri, Jennifer Truchot, Pierre-François Ceccaldi, Patrick Plaisance, Alice Hadchouel, Antoine Tesnière
BACKGROUND: Although both recorded lectures and serious games have been used to pretrain health professionals before simulation training on cardiopulmonary resuscitation, they have never been compared. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare an online course and a serious game for pretraining medical students before simulation-based mastery learning on the management of sudden cardiac arrest. DESIGN: A randomised controlled trial. Participants were pretrained using the online course or the serious game on day 1 and day 7...
July 20, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731902/terasaki-epitope-mismatch-burden-predicts-the-development-of-de-novo-dq-donor-specific-antibodies-and-are-associated-with-adverse-allograft-outcomes
#7
Michelle Willicombe, Matthew Blow, Eva Santos-Nunez, Corinna Freeman, Paul Brookes, David Taube
BACKGROUND: De novo DQ DSA are associated with antibody-mediated rejection and allograft loss. Given the lack of effective treatment of de novo DQ DSA, their prevention is vital if there is to be an improvement of long term allograft survival. Using the HLA Matchmaker programme, DQ epitope matching has been shown to be superior to HLA antigen mismatching in predicting de novo DQ DSA development. Whether DQ epitopes determined by Terasaki may more accurately predict de novo DQ development over HLA antigen matching is not known...
July 21, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731877/simple-preoperative-ink-test-as-a-novel-adjunct-to-intrastromal-keratopigmentation-for-post-laser-peripheral-iridotomy-dysphotopsias
#8
Stephan Ong Tone, Daniel Q Li, Zach Ashkenazy, Armand Borovik, Allan R Slomovic, David S Rootman, Clara C Chan
PURPOSE: To describe a simple preoperative ink test as a novel adjunct to intrastromal keratopigmentation for post-laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) dysphotopsias. METHODS: A surgical marking pen is applied to the area over a peripheral iridotomy before intrastromal keratopigmentation. The patient can then assess whether there is any improvement in their symptoms of dysphotopsias. Manual intrastromal keratopigmentation can then be performed using a crescent blade into the clear cornea at 50% depth and tunneled centrally to create a pocket ensuring that the peripheral iridotomy is fully occluded...
July 19, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731765/critical-role-of-monoclinic-polarization-rotation-in-high-performance-perovskite-piezoelectric-materials
#9
Hui Liu, Jun Chen, Longlong Fan, Yang Ren, Zhao Pan, K V Lalitha, Jürgen Rödel, Xianran Xing
High-performance piezoelectric materials constantly attract interest for both technological applications and fundamental research. The understanding of the origin of the high-performance piezoelectric property remains a challenge mainly due to the lack of direct experimental evidence. We perform in situ high-energy x-ray diffraction combined with 2D geometry scattering technology to reveal the underlying mechanism for the perovskite-type lead-based high-performance piezoelectric materials. The direct structural evidence reveals that the electric-field-driven continuous polarization rotation within the monoclinic plane plays a critical role to achieve the giant piezoelectric response...
July 7, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731594/duplex-doppler-sonographic-assessment-of-the-superior-mesenteric-artery-in-patients-with-mesenteric-panniculitis
#10
Berat Acu, Mehmet Emrah Güven, Mehmet Ali Kaptan, Çiğdem Öztunalı, Erkan Gökçe, Murat Beyhan, Taylan Kara
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine how the hemodynamic parameters of the superior mesenteric artery are affected in mesenteric panniculitis. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with a diagnosis of mesenteric panniculitis on computed tomography were evaluated with duplex Doppler sonography. The control group consisted 20 asymptomatic volunteers. The peak systolic velocity, end-diastolic velocity (EDV), resistive index (RI), pulsatility index (PI), blood flow volume, and body mass index were measured in the group of patients with mesenteric panniculitis, and the findings were compared with those of the control group...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731501/eyeball-position-in-facial-approximation-accuracy-of-methods-for-predicting-globe-positioning-in-lateral-view
#11
Pavla Zednikova Mala, Jana Veleminska
This study measured the accuracy of traditional and validated newly proposed methods for globe positioning in lateral view. Eighty lateral head cephalograms of adult subjects from Central Europe were taken, and the actual and predicted dimensions were compared. The anteroposterior eyeball position was estimated as the most accurate method based on the proportion of the orbital height (SEE = 1.9 mm) and was followed by the "tangent to the iris method" showing SEE = 2.4 mm. The traditional "tangent to the cornea method" underestimated the eyeball projection by SEE = 5...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731449/cerebrospinal-fluid-neurogranin-as-a-biomarker-of-neurodegenerative-diseases-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Simone Lista, Nicola Toschi, Filippo Baldacci, Henrik Zetterberg, Kaj Blennow, Ingo Kilimann, Stefan J Teipel, Enrica Cavedo, Antonio Melo Dos Santos, Stéphane Epelbaum, Foudil Lamari, Bruno Dubois, Robert Nisticò, Roberto Floris, Francesco Garaci, Harald Hampel
We investigated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of the postsynaptic biomarker neurogranin at baseline in cognitively healthy controls (HC) compared to individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia, and patients with frontotemporal dementia (FTD). CSF neurogranin was quantified using an in-house immunoassay in a cross-sectional multicenter study of 108 participants [AD dementia (n = 35), FTD (n = 9), MCI (n = 41), cognitively HC (n = 23)]...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731446/effect-of-apoe-genotype-on-synaptic-proteins-in-earlier-adult-life
#13
Lindsey I Sinclair, Seth Love
BACKGROUND: Possession of APOEɛ4 is a strong risk factor for late-onset Alzheimer's disease and is associated with loss of synaptic proteins in the elderly even in the absence of Alzheimer's disease. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that ɛ4 allele possession in non-demented adults aged under-75 would also be associated with alterations in the levels of synaptic proteins. METHODS: We measured synaptophysin, PSD95, drebrin, SNAP-25, and septin 7 by ELISA in hippocampus and superior temporal gyrus from 103 adults aged <75 without dementia...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731399/expanding-the-endoscopic-transpterygoid-corridor-to-the-petroclival-region-anatomical-study-and-volumetric-comparative-analysis
#14
Jacob L Freeman, Raghuram Sampath, Steven Craig Quattlebaum, Michael A Casey, Zach A Folzenlogen, Vijay R Ramakrishnan, A Samy Youssef
OBJECTIVE The endoscopic endonasal transmaxillary transpterygoid (TMTP) approach has been the gateway for lateral skull base exposure. Removal of the cartilaginous eustachian tube (ET) and lateral mobilization of the internal carotid artery (ICA) are technically demanding adjunctive steps that are used to access the petroclival region. The gained expansion of the deep working corridor provided by these maneuvers has yet to be quantified. METHODS The TMTP approach with cartilaginous ET removal and ICA mobilization was performed in 5 adult cadaveric heads (10 sides)...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731336/triple-reuptake-inhibitors-as-potential-therapeutics-for-depression-and-other-disorders-design-paradigm-and-developmental-challenges
#15
Murugaiah A M Subbaiah
Although first-line antidepressants offer therapeutic benefit, about 35% of depressed patients are not adequately treated, creating a large unmet medical need. These medicines mostly enhance the synaptic levels of serotonin and/or norepinephrine. Evidence from preclinical and clinical studies implicate dopamine hypofunction in the pathophysiology of depression. Triple reuptake inhibitors (TRIs), which elevate dopamine in addition to serotonin and norepinephrine, may demonstrate greater efficacy, with the reversal of anhedonia and improved tolerability...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731318/ultrafast-ionic-liquid-assisted-microwave-synthesis-of-sno-microflowers-and-their-superior-sodium-ion-storage-performance
#16
Bingsheng Qin, Huang Zhang, Thomas Diemant, Dorin Geiger, Rinaldo Raccichini, R Jürgen Behm, Ute Kaiser, Alberto Varzi, Stefano Passerini
Tin oxide (SnO) is considered one of the most promising metal oxides for utilization as anode material in sodium ion batteries (SIBs), due to its ease of synthesis, high specific gravimetric capacity and satisfactory cycling performance. However, to aim at practical applications, the coulombic efficiency during cycling needs to be further improved, which requires a deeper knowledge of its working mechanism. Here, a microflower-shaped SnO material is synthesized by means of an ultrafast ionic liquid-assisted microwave method...
July 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731274/synthesis-and-characterization-of-2-2-dinitramino-5-5-bi-1-oxa-3-4-diazole-and-derivatives-as-economic-and-highly-dense-energetic-materials
#17
Tobias S Hermann, Konstantin Karaghiosoff, Thomas M Klapötke, Jörg Stierstorfer
2,2'-Dinitramino-5,5'-bi(1-oxa-3,4-diazole) (2) is a new highly energetic material with superior calculated detonation performance in comparison to cyclo-1,3,5-trimethylene-2,4,6-trinitramine (RDX) and penta-erythritoltetranitrate (PETN) and can be prepared by an economical and practical two-step synthesis. The starting material 2,2'-diamino-5,5'-bi(1-oxa-3,4-diazole) (1) is synthesized by the reaction of oxalyl dihydrazide with cyanogen bromide. Nitration of 1 yields the title compound in perfect yield and purity...
July 21, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731267/heuristic-knowledge-based-planning-for-single-isocenter-stereotactic-radiosurgery-to-multiple-brain-metastases
#18
Benjamin P Ziemer, Parag Sanghvi, Jona Hattangadi-Gluth, Kevin L Moore
PURPOSE: Single-isocenter, volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for multiple brain metastases (multi-mets) can deliver highly conformal dose distributions and reduce overall patient treatment time compared to other techniques. However, treatment planning for multi-met cases is highly complex due to variability in numbers and sizes of brain metastases, as well as their relative proximity to organs-at-risk (OARs). The purpose of this study was to automate the VMAT planning of multi-met cases through a knowledge-based planning (KBP) approach that adapts single target SRS dose predictions to multiple target predictions...
July 21, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731264/high-yield-synthesis-of-crystal-phase-heterostructured-4h-fcc-au-pd-core-shell-nanorods-for-electrocatalytic-ethanol-oxidation
#19
Ye Chen, Zhanxi Fan, Zhimin Luo, Xiaozhi Liu, Zhuangchai Lai, Bing Li, Yun Zong, Lin Gu, Hua Zhang
Noble-metal nanomaterials are attracting increasing research interest due to their promising applications in electrochemical catalysis, for example. Although great efforts have been devoted to the size-, shape-, and architecture-controlled synthesis of noble-metal nanomaterials, their crystal-phase-controlled synthesis is still in its infancy. Here, for the first time, this study reports high-yield synthesis of Au nanorods (NRs) with alternating 4H/face-centered cubic (fcc) crystal-phase heterostructures via a one-pot wet-chemical method...
July 21, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731120/na3v2-po4-3-coated-by-n-doped-carbon-from-ionic-liquid-as-cathode-materials-for-high-rate-and-long-life-na-ion-batteries
#20
Yu Yao, Yu Jiang, Hai Yang, Xizhen Sun, Yan Yu
A facile and simple hydrothermal assisted sol-gel route was developed to prepare nitrogen doped carbon coated Na3V2(PO4)3 nanocomposites (denoted as NVP@C-N) as cathodes for sodium ion batteries (NIBs). An ionic liquid (EMIm-dca) was used as the nitrogen doped carbon source. The optimized N-doped carbon coated Na3V2(PO4)3 (denoted as NVP@C-N150) displays a very thin and uniform N-doped carbon coating layer (thickness: ∼2 nm), showing an excellent sodium storage performance (85 mA h g(-1) at 20 C after 5000 cycles) and high rate capability (71 mA h g(-1) at 80 C)...
July 21, 2017: Nanoscale
keyword
keyword
98777
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"