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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104693/exercise-participation-motives-and-engaging-in-sports-activity-among-university-of-ljubljana-students
#1
Katja Cerar, Miran Kondrič, Nicolae Ochiana, Joško Sindik
AIM: The main aim of this study was to examine differences in sport participation motives, the frequency of engaging in sports activities according to gender, region and field of study, but also the association between the incidence of engaging in sports activity and the motivation for sports activity of students at the University of Ljubljana. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Five thousand two hundred seventy-one students completed The Exercise Motivations Inventory (EMI-2), with additional questions about 12 socio-demographic parameters...
October 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102325/surveillance-for-control-of-antimicrobial-resistance
#2
REVIEW
Evelina Tacconelli, Frangiscos Sifakis, Stephan Harbarth, Remco Schrijver, Maaike van Mourik, Andreas Voss, Mike Sharland, Nithya Babu Rajendran, Jesús Rodríguez-Baño
Antimicrobial resistance poses a growing threat to public health and the provision of health care. Its surveillance should provide up-to-date and relevant information to monitor the appropriateness of therapy guidelines, antibiotic formulary, antibiotic stewardship programmes, public health interventions, infection control policies, and antimicrobial development. In Europe, although the European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network provides annual reports on monitored resistant bacteria, national surveillance efforts are still fragmented and heterogeneous, and have substantial structural problems and issues with laboratory data...
October 25, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074929/revitalise-your-patient-dental-chairs
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017867/volumetric-reconstruction-from-printed-films-enabling-30-year-longitudinal-analysis-in-mr-neuroimaging
#4
Michael Ebner, Karen K Chung, Ferran Prados, M Jorge Cardoso, Declan T Chard, Tom Vercauteren, Sébastien Ourselin
Hospitals often hold historical MR image data printed on films without being able to make it accessible to modern image processing techniques. Having the possibility to recover geometrically consistent, volumetric images from scans acquired decades ago will enable more comprehensive, longitudinal studies to understand disease progressions. In this paper, we propose a consistent framework to reconstruct a volumetric representation from printed films holding thick single-slice brain MR image acquisitions dating back to the 1980's...
October 7, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017583/mapping-freshwater-snails-in-north-western-angola-distribution-identity-and-molecular-diversity-of-medically-important-taxa
#5
Fiona Allan, Jose Carlos Sousa-Figueiredo, Aidan M Emery, Rossely Paulo, Clara Mirante, Alfredo Sebastião, Miguel Brito, David Rollinson
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to determine the distribution and identity of potential intermediate snail hosts of Schistosoma spp. in Bengo, Luanda, Kwanza Norte and Malanje Provinces in north-western Angola. This is an area where infection with Schistosoma haematobium, causing urogenital schistosomiasis, is common but little is yet known about transmission of the disease. Angola has had a varied past with regard to disease control and is revitalising efforts to combat neglected tropical diseases...
October 10, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961258/the-rare-nonsense-mutation-in-p53-triggers-alternative-splicing-to-produce-a-protein-capable-of-inducing-apoptosis
#6
Evgeny M Makarov, Tatyana A Shtam, Roman A Kovalev, Rimma A Pantina, Elena Yu Varfolomeeva, Michael V Filatov
P53 protein is more frequently mutated in human tumours compared with the other proteins. While the majority of the p53 mutations, especially within its DNA-binding domain, lead to the loss of the wild-type function, there are accumulating data demonstrating that the p53 mutants gain tumour promoting activities; the latter triggers a revitalised interest in functional analysis of the p53 mutants. A systematic screening for p53 mutations in surgical materials from patients with glioma revealed a 378C>G mutation that creates a stop codon at the position of amino acid residue 126...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832287/-honey-milk-and-bile-a-social-history-of-hillbrow-1894-2016
#7
Jonathan Stadler, Charles Dugmore
This commentary constructs a social history of Hillbrow, an inner-city suburb in Johannesburg, South Africa, based on a review of relevant published historical, anthropological and sociological texts. We highlight the significant continuities in the social structure of the suburb, despite the radical transformations that have occurred over the last 120 years.Originally envisaged as a healthy residential area, distinct from the industrial activity of early Johannesburg, Hillbrow was a prime location for health infrastructure to serve the city...
July 4, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822977/are-green-cities-healthy-and-equitable-unpacking-the-relationship-between-health-green-space-and-gentrification
#8
Helen V S Cole, Melisa Garcia Lamarca, James J T Connolly, Isabelle Anguelovski
While access and exposure to green spaces has been shown to be beneficial for the health of urban residents, interventions focused on augmenting such access may also catalyse gentrification processes, also known as green gentrification. Drawing from the fields of public health, urban planning and environmental justice, we argue that public health and epidemiology researchers should rely on a more dynamic model of community that accounts for the potential unintended social consequences of upstream health interventions...
November 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653761/a-prospective-clinical-study-of-regenerative-endodontic-treatment-of-traumatized-immature-teeth-with-necrotic-pulps-using-bi-antibiotic-paste
#9
H Nazzal, K Kenny, A Altimimi, J Kang, M S Duggal
AIM: To evaluate the treatment outcomes of a revitalization endodontic technique (RET) for the management of traumatized immature teeth with necrotic pulps in children. METHODOLOGY: Fifteen healthy children (age range = 7-10 years) with traumatized immature maxillary incisors with necrotic pulps treated with bi-antibiotic revitalization endodontic technique were prospectively assessed over approximately two years (mean = 22 months). One operator undertook all treatments, clinical reviews and standardized radiographic exposures with radiographic analysis being carried out by two calibrated experienced clinicians...
June 27, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645984/facilitators-and-barriers-to-participation-of-private-sector-health-facilities-in-government-led-schemes-for-maternity-services-in-india-a-qualitative-study
#10
Vikas Yadav, Somesh Kumar, Sudharsanam Balasubramaniam, Ashish Srivastava, Suranjeen Pallipamula, Parvez Memon, Dinesh Singh, Saurabh Bhargava, Greeshma Ann Sunil, Bulbul Sood
OBJECTIVE: Despite provision of accreditation of private sector health providers in government-led schemes for maternity services in India, their participation has been low. This has led to an underutilisation of their presence, resources and expertise for providing quality maternal and newborn health services. This study explores the perception of various stakeholders on expectations, benefits, barriers and facilitators to private sector participation in government-led schemes-specifically Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY)-for maternity service delivery...
June 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625030/the-clinical-nutrition-research-agenda-in-indonesia-and-beyond-ecological-strategy-for-food-in-health-care-delivery
#11
REVIEW
Widjaja Lukito, Lindawati Wibowo, Mark L Wahlqvist
Despite progress with the food-associated health agenda in the public health and clinical domains, much remains to be done in Indonesia. There are reasons to be optimistic which include economic development, increasing literacy, progress towards universal health coverage and community organizational arrangements across the archipelago which focus on health through some 10,000 puskesmas. These community health centres are variably staffed with voluntary cadres from the community, bidans (nurses) and general medical practitioners...
June 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546403/revitalising-general-practice-unleashing-our-inner-scholar
#12
Joanne Reeve, Adam Firth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544715/a-special-programme-to-revitalise-the-senior-physician-while-improving-the-clinical-education-and-mentoring-of-medical-students-and-residents
#13
Louis Weinstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464929/the-development-of-sexual-stage-malaria-gametocytes-in-a-wave-bioreactor
#14
Corine G Demanga, Jenny W L Eng, Donald L Gardiner, Alison Roth, Alice Butterworth, John H Adams, Katharine R Trenholme, John P Dalton
BACKGROUND: Blocking malaria gametocyte development in RBCs or their fertilization in the mosquito gut can prevent infection of the mosquito vector and passage of disease to the human host. A 'transmission blocking' strategy is a component of future malaria control. However, the lack of robust culture systems for producing large amounts of Plasmodium falciparum gametocytes has limited our understanding of sexual-stage malaria biology and made vaccine or chemotherapeutic discoveries more difficult...
May 2, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400858/multi-product-biorefineries-from-lignocelluloses-a-pathway-to-revitalisation-of-the-sugar-industry
#15
Somayeh Farzad, Mohsen Ali Mandegari, Miao Guo, Kathleen F Haigh, Nilay Shah, Johann F Görgens
BACKGROUND: Driven by a range of sustainability challenges, e.g. climate change, resource depletion and expanding populations, a circular bioeconomy is emerging and expected to evolve progressively in the coming decades. South Africa along with other BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India and China) represents the emerging bioeconomy and contributes significantly to global sugar market. In our research, South Africa is used as a case study to demonstrate the sustainable design for the future biorefineries annexed to existing sugar industry...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360084/the-revitalisation-of-flexor-tendon-allografts-with-bone-marrow-stromal-cells-and-mechanical-stimulation-an-ex-vivo-model-revitalising-flexor-tendon-allografts
#16
J H Wu, A R Thoreson, A Gingery, K N An, S L Moran, P C Amadio, C Zhao
OBJECTIVES: The present study describes a novel technique for revitalising allogenic intrasynovial tendons by combining cell-based therapy and mechanical stimulation in an ex vivo canine model. METHODS: Specifically, canine flexor digitorum profundus tendons were used for this study and were divided into the following groups: (1) untreated, unprocessed normal tendon; (2) decellularised tendon; (3) bone marrow stromal cell (BMSC)-seeded tendon; and (4) BMSC-seeded and cyclically stretched tendon...
March 2017: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321890/a-training-model-for-revitalization-procedures
#17
M Widbiller, S Ducke, A Eidt, W Buchalla, K M Galler
AIM: To develop an inexpensive simulation model for training of revitalization procedures. METHODOLOGY: A replica of an immature maxillary central incisor was equipped with a mock blood reservoir at the root apex and embedded in a plaster model. Mock blood consisted of water supplemented with red pigments and fibrinogen, whilst thrombin was inserted into the root canal to allow for clot formation. RESULTS: A true-to-life training model for revitalization procedures was established, where the induction of bleeding and formation of a blood clot can be mimicked...
March 21, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240032/exploring-the-interaction-of-activity-limitations-with-context-systems-community-and-personal-factors-in-accessing-public-health-care-services-a-presentation-of-south-african-case-studies
#18
Gubela Mji, Stine H Braathen, Richard Vergunst, Elsje Scheffler, Janis Kritzinger, Hasheem Mannan, Marguerite Schneider, Leslie Swartz, Surona Visagie
BACKGROUND: There are many factors that influence access to public health services, such as the context people live in, the existing health services, and personal, cultural and community factors. People with disabilities (activity limitations), through their experience of health services, may offer a particular understanding of the performance of the health services, thus exposing health system limitations more clearly than perhaps any other health service user. AIM: This article explores how activity limitations interact with factors related to context, systems, community and personal factors in accessing public health care services in South Africa...
February 8, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222689/family-centred-interventions-by-primary-healthcare-services-for-indigenous-early-childhood-wellbeing-in-australia-canada-new-zealand-and-the-united-states-a-systematic-scoping-review
#19
Janya McCalman, Marion Heyeres, Sandra Campbell, Roxanne Bainbridge, Catherine Chamberlain, Natalie Strobel, Alan Ruben
BACKGROUND: Primary healthcare services in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States have embraced the concept of family-centred care as a promising approach to supporting and caring for the health of young Indigenous children and their families. This scoping review assesses the quality of the evidence base and identifies the published literature on family- centred interventions for Indigenous early childhood wellbeing. METHODS: Fourteen electronic databases, grey literature sources and the reference lists of Indigenous maternal and child health reviews were searched to identify relevant publications from 2000 to 2015...
February 21, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163655/social-rhythms-of-the-heart
#20
Mika Pantzar, Minna Ruckenstein, Veera Mustonen
A long-term research focus on the temporality of everyday life has become revitalised with new tracking technologies that allow methodological experimentation and innovation. This article approaches rhythms of daily lives with heart-rate variability measurements that use algorithms to discover physiological stress and recovery. In the spirit of the 'social life of methods' approach, we aggregated individual data (n = 35) in order to uncover temporal rhythms of daily lives. The visualisation of the aggregated data suggests both daily and weekly patterns...
January 2, 2017: Health Sociology Review: the Journal of the Health Section of the Australian Sociological Association
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