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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728495/bva-celebrates-animal-health-and-disease-monitoring-in-all-of-its-guises
#1
(no author information available yet)
Hayley Atkin , BVA Policy Officer, gives a brief overview of BVA's new position paper on veterinary scanning surveillance and encourages vets to revitalise their engagement with animal health and disease monitoring.
May 5, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602075/an-information-system-for-brownfield-regeneration-providing-customised-information-according-to-stakeholders-characteristics-and-needs
#2
Erika Rizzo, Lisa Pizzol, Alex Zabeo, Elisa Giubilato, Andrea Critto, Luca Cosmo, Antonio Marcomini
In the EU brownfield presence is still considered a widespread problem. Even though, in the last decades, many research projects and initiatives developed a wealth of methods, guidelines, tools and technologies aimed at supporting brownfield regeneration. However, this variety of products had and still has a limited practical impact on brownfield revitalisation success, because they are not used in their entire potential due to their scarce visibility. Also, another problem that stakeholders face is finding customised information...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557548/-the-effects-of-moderate-physical-exercise-on-cognition-in-adults-over-60-years-of-age
#3
J L Sanchez-Gonzalez, J I Calvo-Arenillas, J L Sanchez-Rodriguez
INTRODUCTION: Clinical evidence gathered in recent years indicates that elderly individuals more frequently display cognitive changes. These age-related changes refer, above all, to memory functions and to the speed of thinking and reasoning. A number of studies have shown that physical activity can be used as an important mechanism for protecting the cognitive functions. AIM: To test the hypothesis that physical exercise is able to bring about changes in the cognitive functions of healthy elderly adults without cognitive impairment, thereby improving their quality of life...
April 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472101/corrigendum-to-revitalisation-of-metal-contaminated-edta-washed-soil-by-addition-of-unpolluted-soil-compost-and-biochar-effects-on-soil-enzyme-activity-microbial-community-composition-and-abundance-chemosphere-193-2018-729-734
#4
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316616/revitalising-silver-nitrate-for-caries-management
#5
REVIEW
Sherry Shiqian Gao, Irene Shuping Zhao, Steve Duffin, Duangporn Duangthip, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
Silver nitrate has been adopted for medical use as a disinfectant for eye disease and burned wounds. In dentistry, it is an active ingredient of Howe's solution used to prevent and arrest dental caries. While medical use of silver nitrate as a disinfectant became subsidiary with the discovery of antibiotics, its use in caries treatment also diminished with the use of fluoride in caries prevention. Since then, fluoride agents, particularly sodium fluoride, have gained popularity in caries prevention. However, caries is an infection caused by cariogenic bacteria, which demineralise enamel and dentine...
January 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295973/protein-inspired-antibiotics-active-against-vancomycin-and-daptomycin-resistant-bacteria
#6
Mark A T Blaskovich, Karl A Hansford, Yujing Gong, Mark S Butler, Craig Muldoon, Johnny X Huang, Soumya Ramu, Alberto B Silva, Mu Cheng, Angela M Kavanagh, Zyta Ziora, Rajaratnam Premraj, Fredrik Lindahl, Tanya A Bradford, June C Lee, Tomislav Karoli, Ruby Pelingon, David J Edwards, Maite Amado, Alysha G Elliott, Wanida Phetsang, Noor Huda Daud, Johan E Deecke, Hanna E Sidjabat, Sefetogi Ramaologa, Johannes Zuegg, Jason R Betley, Andrew P G Beevers, Richard A G Smith, Jason A Roberts, David L Paterson, Matthew A Cooper
The public health threat posed by a looming 'post-antibiotic' era necessitates new approaches to antibiotic discovery. Drug development has typically avoided exploitation of membrane-binding properties, in contrast to nature's control of biological pathways via modulation of membrane-associated proteins and membrane lipid composition. Here, we describe the rejuvenation of the glycopeptide antibiotic vancomycin via selective targeting of bacterial membranes. Peptide libraries based on positively charged electrostatic effector sequences are ligated to N-terminal lipophilic membrane-insertive elements and then conjugated to vancomycin...
January 2, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278252/beyond-a-politics-of-recrimination-scandal-ethics-and-the-rehabilitation-of-violence
#7
Jamie M Johnson
The practice of contemporary warfare seems to be plagued by scandal. It is often assumed that the act of bearing witness to these moments of ethical failure, in which the relationship between the martial and the ethical breaks down, plays an important role in holding powerful actors to account for their conduct. Considerable faith has been placed in the role of transparency and truth-telling as foundations for normative engagements with war. This article argues that we must be cautious about this investment...
September 2017: European journal of international relations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197905/physician-advocacy-in-western-medicine-a-21st-century-challenge
#8
Philip Bagshaw, Pauline Barnett
Physician advocacy occurs when doctors speak up for the health and healthcare of patients and communities. Historically, this was strong in some Western countries with doctors finding that it enhanced their authority, prestige and power. But it weakened in the 20th century when the biomedical model of heath triumphed and medicine became a dominant profession. In the second part of the 20th century, this dominance was threatened by political, technological and socioeconomic forces. These weakened medicine's state support, brought it under managerial control and undermined the social contract on which trust between doctors and the community was based...
December 1, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179872/improving-skills-and-institutional-capacity-to-strengthen-adolescent-immunisation-programmes-and-health-systems-in-african-countries-through-hpv-vaccine-introduction
#9
Carine Dochez, Rosemary J Burnett, Symplice Mbola Mbassi, Fred Were, Andrew Musyoki, Daisy Trovoada, M Jeffrey Mphahlele
Several African countries have recently introduced or are currently introducing the HPV vaccine, either nationwide or through demonstration projects, while some countries are planning for introduction. A collaborative project was developed to strengthen country adolescent immunisation programmes and health systems in the African Region, addressing unique public health considerations of HPV vaccination: adolescents as the primary target group, delivery platforms (e.g. school-based and facility based), socio-behavioural issues, and the opportunity to deliver other health interventions alongside HPV vaccination...
December 2017: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175400/revitalisation-of-metal-contaminated-edta-washed-soil-by-addition-of-unpolluted-soil-compost-and-biochar-effects-on-soil-enzyme-activity-microbial-community-composition-and-abundance
#10
Anela Kaurin, Zarja Cernilogar, Domen Lestan
Soil remediation mitigates hazards from contaminants but could deprive soils of initial biota and enzymes. Historically contaminated acidic soil from Arnoldstein (Austria) and calcareous soil from Meza (Slovenia) were washed with 30 and 100 mmol kg-1 ethylenediaminetetraacetate (EDTA) to remove 78 and 60% of Pb as a main pollutant. Remediation of the Arnoldstein soil decreased urease activity and increased β-glucosidase activity, measured in a 15-week experiment. The dehydrogenase activity and microbial gene abundances were not significantly impeded compared to the original soil...
February 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104693/exercise-participation-motives-and-engaging-in-sports-activity-among-university-of-ljubljana-students
#11
Katja Cerar, Miran Kondrič, Nicolae Ochiana, Joško Sindik
AIM: The main aim of this study was to examine differences in sport participation motives, the frequency of engaging in sports activities according to gender, region and field of study, but also the association between the incidence of engaging in sports activity and the motivation for sports activity of students at the University of Ljubljana. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Five thousand two hundred seventy-one students completed The Exercise Motivations Inventory (EMI-2), with additional questions about 12 socio-demographic parameters...
October 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102325/surveillance-for-control-of-antimicrobial-resistance
#12
REVIEW
Evelina Tacconelli, Frangiscos Sifakis, Stephan Harbarth, Remco Schrijver, Maaike van Mourik, Andreas Voss, Mike Sharland, Nithya Babu Rajendran, Jesús Rodríguez-Baño
Antimicrobial resistance poses a growing threat to public health and the provision of health care. Its surveillance should provide up-to-date and relevant information to monitor the appropriateness of therapy guidelines, antibiotic formulary, antibiotic stewardship programmes, public health interventions, infection control policies, and antimicrobial development. In Europe, although the European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network provides annual reports on monitored resistant bacteria, national surveillance efforts are still fragmented and heterogeneous, and have substantial structural problems and issues with laboratory data...
March 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074929/revitalise-your-patient-dental-chairs
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017867/volumetric-reconstruction-from-printed-films-enabling-30-year-longitudinal-analysis-in-mr-neuroimaging
#14
Michael Ebner, Karen K Chung, Ferran Prados, M Jorge Cardoso, Declan T Chard, Tom Vercauteren, Sébastien Ourselin
Hospitals often hold historical MR image data printed on films without being able to make it accessible to modern image processing techniques. Having the possibility to recover geometrically consistent, volumetric images from scans acquired decades ago will enable more comprehensive, longitudinal studies to understand disease progressions. In this paper, we propose a consistent framework to reconstruct a volumetric representation from printed films holding thick single-slice brain MR image acquisitions dating back to the 1980's...
January 15, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017583/mapping-freshwater-snails-in-north-western-angola-distribution-identity-and-molecular-diversity-of-medically-important-taxa
#15
Fiona Allan, Jose Carlos Sousa-Figueiredo, Aidan M Emery, Rossely Paulo, Clara Mirante, Alfredo Sebastião, Miguel Brito, David Rollinson
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to determine the distribution and identity of potential intermediate snail hosts of Schistosoma spp. in Bengo, Luanda, Kwanza Norte and Malanje Provinces in north-western Angola. This is an area where infection with Schistosoma haematobium, causing urogenital schistosomiasis, is common but little is yet known about transmission of the disease. Angola has had a varied past with regard to disease control and is revitalising efforts to combat neglected tropical diseases...
October 10, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961258/the-rare-nonsense-mutation-in-p53-triggers-alternative-splicing-to-produce-a-protein-capable-of-inducing-apoptosis
#16
Evgeny M Makarov, Tatyana A Shtam, Roman A Kovalev, Rimma A Pantina, Elena Yu Varfolomeeva, Michael V Filatov
P53 protein is more frequently mutated in human tumours compared with the other proteins. While the majority of the p53 mutations, especially within its DNA-binding domain, lead to the loss of the wild-type function, there are accumulating data demonstrating that the p53 mutants gain tumour promoting activities; the latter triggers a revitalised interest in functional analysis of the p53 mutants. A systematic screening for p53 mutations in surgical materials from patients with glioma revealed a 378C>G mutation that creates a stop codon at the position of amino acid residue 126...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832287/-honey-milk-and-bile-a-social-history-of-hillbrow-1894-2016
#17
Jonathan Stadler, Charles Dugmore
This commentary constructs a social history of Hillbrow, an inner-city suburb in Johannesburg, South Africa, based on a review of relevant published historical, anthropological and sociological texts. We highlight the significant continuities in the social structure of the suburb, despite the radical transformations that have occurred over the last 120 years.Originally envisaged as a healthy residential area, distinct from the industrial activity of early Johannesburg, Hillbrow was a prime location for health infrastructure to serve the city...
July 4, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822977/are-green-cities-healthy-and-equitable-unpacking-the-relationship-between-health-green-space-and-gentrification
#18
Helen V S Cole, Melisa Garcia Lamarca, James J T Connolly, Isabelle Anguelovski
While access and exposure to green spaces has been shown to be beneficial for the health of urban residents, interventions focused on augmenting such access may also catalyse gentrification processes, also known as green gentrification. Drawing from the fields of public health, urban planning and environmental justice, we argue that public health and epidemiology researchers should rely on a more dynamic model of community that accounts for the potential unintended social consequences of upstream health interventions...
November 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653761/a-prospective-clinical-study-of-regenerative-endodontic-treatment-of-traumatized-immature-teeth-with-necrotic-pulps-using-bi-antibiotic-paste
#19
H Nazzal, K Kenny, A Altimimi, J Kang, M S Duggal
AIM: To evaluate the treatment outcomes of a revitalization endodontic technique (RET) for the management of traumatized immature teeth with necrotic pulps in children. METHODOLOGY: Fifteen healthy children (age range = 7-10 years) with traumatized immature maxillary incisors with necrotic pulps treated with bi-antibiotic revitalization endodontic technique were prospectively assessed over approximately two years (mean = 22 months). One operator undertook all treatments, clinical reviews and standardized radiographic exposures with radiographic analysis being carried out by two calibrated experienced clinicians...
June 27, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645984/facilitators-and-barriers-to-participation-of-private-sector-health-facilities-in-government-led-schemes-for-maternity-services-in-india-a-qualitative-study
#20
Vikas Yadav, Somesh Kumar, Sudharsanam Balasubramaniam, Ashish Srivastava, Suranjeen Pallipamula, Parvez Memon, Dinesh Singh, Saurabh Bhargava, Greeshma Ann Sunil, Bulbul Sood
OBJECTIVE: Despite provision of accreditation of private sector health providers in government-led schemes for maternity services in India, their participation has been low. This has led to an underutilisation of their presence, resources and expertise for providing quality maternal and newborn health services. This study explores the perception of various stakeholders on expectations, benefits, barriers and facilitators to private sector participation in government-led schemes-specifically Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY)-for maternity service delivery...
June 22, 2017: BMJ Open
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