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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811226/zika-virus-in-africa-revitalising-the-discourse-of-health-systems
#1
Oluwatosin Omole, Temitope Folaranmi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776493/survey-of-the-perceptions-of-key-stakeholders-on-the-attributes-of-the-south-african-notifiable-diseases-surveillance-system
#2
F G Benson, A Musekiwa, L Blumberg, L C Rispel
BACKGROUND: An effective and efficient notifiable diseases surveillance system (NDSS) is essential for a rapid response to disease outbreaks, and the identification of priority diseases that may cause national, regional or public health emergencies of international concern (PHEICs). Regular assessments of country-based surveillance system are needed to enable countries to respond to outbreaks before they become PHEICs. As part of a broader evaluation of the NDSS in South Africa, the aim of the study was to determine the perceptions of key stakeholders on the national NDSS attributes of acceptability, flexibility, simplicity, timeliness and usefulness...
October 25, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671122/devitalisation-of-human-cartilage-by-high-hydrostatic-pressure-treatment-subsequent-cultivation-of-chondrocytes-and-mesenchymal-stem-cells-on-the-devitalised-tissue
#3
B Hiemer, B Genz, A Jonitz-Heincke, J Pasold, A Wree, S Dommerich, R Bader
The regeneration of cartilage lesions still represents a major challenge. Cartilage has a tissue-specific architecture, complicating recreation by synthetic biomaterials. A novel approach for reconstruction is the use of devitalised cartilage. Treatment with high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) achieves devitalisation while biomechanical properties are remained. Therefore, in the present study, cartilage was devitalised using HHP treatment and the potential for revitalisation with chondrocytes and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) was investigated...
September 27, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505689/biogeography-as-critical-nursing-pedagogy-breathing-life-into-nurse-education
#4
Richard G Kyle, Iain M Atherton
Insights from the social sciences, including geography, sociology, and anthropology, have long been incorporated into pre-registration nursing programmes. However, scholars have suggested that their inclusion has been sporadic and lacks clear theoretical rationale. In this paper we argue anew that the social sciences - and particularly, human geography - could be central to nurse education. Specifically, we recast the concept of 'biogeography' drawn from human geography that emphasises the interplay between life (bio) and place (geo) to propose pedagogy that theoretically justifies and practically enables the inclusion of the social sciences in nurse education...
September 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27305254/set-fresh-goals-to-revitalise-your-passion-for-nursing
#5
Dean Gurden
We have probably all had days where the idea of going into work is as appealing as a slap in the face, but what if you start to feel like this every day?
June 15, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27153081/hostphinder-a-phage-host-prediction-tool
#6
Julia Villarroel, Kortine Annina Kleinheinz, Vanessa Isabell Jurtz, Henrike Zschach, Ole Lund, Morten Nielsen, Mette Voldby Larsen
The current dramatic increase of antibiotic resistant bacteria has revitalised the interest in bacteriophages as alternative antibacterial treatment. Meanwhile, the development of bioinformatics methods for analysing genomic data places high-throughput approaches for phage characterization within reach. Here, we present HostPhinder, a tool aimed at predicting the bacterial host of phages by examining the phage genome sequence. Using a reference database of 2196 phages with known hosts, HostPhinder predicts the host species of a query phage as the host of the most genomically similar reference phages...
2016: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27151768/revitalise-a-large-observational-study-assessing-the-safety-and-effectiveness-of-vardenafil-in-men-with-erectile-dysfunction-and-metabolic-syndrome
#7
Ridwan Shabsigh, Andreas Mattern
INTRODUCTION: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is prevalent in men with metabolic syndrome (MetS); therefore, it is important to characterize ED treatments in this population. AIMS: To investigate the safety and effectiveness of vardenafil in men with ED and MetS in a clinical setting. METHODS: REVITALISE is an international, prospective, single-arm, observational study in men with ED and MetS newly prescribed vardenafil. Vardenafil was prescribed at the discretion of the treating physician in line with the marketing authorization...
September 2016: Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27102876/platelet-rich-plasma-and-dentine-effect-on-sheep-dental-pulp-cells-regeneration-revitalisation-ability-in-vitro
#8
M Altaii, X Kaidonis, S Koblar, P Cathro, L Richards
A scaffold is one of the essential elements in pulp regeneration/revitalisation protocols. (1) Blood clots have been commonly used as a scaffold,(2-4) but there are some limitations. Firstly, the difficulty in inducing bleeding is a problem that has been outlined in many case reports (5-7) and animal studies.(8, 9) Secondly, the concentration of growth factors in the blood is limited, and after clot formation erythrocytes may undergo necrosis, which may affect the growth of the healing tissue.10 This article is protected by copyright...
April 22, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27061808/endodontic-regeneration-and-tooth-revitalisation-in-immature-infected-sheep-teeth
#9
M Altaii, P Cathro, M Broberg, L Richards
AIM: To examine the response of immature sheep teeth with infected canal systems to a commonly used pulp regeneration/revitalisation protocol. METHODOLOGY: Immature mandibular right first incisors in four sheep were mechanically exposed and infected. The mandibular left first incisors remained intact as controls. Five weeks later the experimental root canals were chemo-mechanically cleaned and dressed with a triple antibiotic paste for four weeks, before bleeding was induced inside the canal by mechanically irritating the periapical tissues...
April 8, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26990236/european-society-of-endodontology-position-statement-revitalization-procedures
#10
K M Galler, G Krastl, S Simon, G Van Gorp, N Meschi, B Vahedi, P Lambrechts
This position statement represents a consensus of an expert committee convened by the European Society of Endodontology (ESE) on revitalization procedures. The statement is based on current clinical and scientific evidence as well as the expertise of the committee. The goal is to provide suitably trained dentists with a protocol including procedural details for the treatment of immature teeth with pulp necrosis as well as a patient consent form. Revitalization is a biologically based treatment as an alternative to apexification in properly selected cases...
August 2016: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26897398/the-art-of-performing-a-safe-forceps-delivery-a-skill-to-revitalise
#11
REVIEW
Henna Rather, Javaid Muglu, Luxmi Veluthar, K Sivanesan
The number of forceps deliveries is globally falling possibly due to Obstetricians gaining more experience and competence in the use of Ventouse deliveries. The declining use of traction forceps can increase the rate of second stage caesarean sections, which may have a long-term impact on the overall rate of vaginal births, despite the efforts of improving uptake of vaginal births after caesarean sections. The failures in forceps deliveries are commonly related to inaccurate assessment of the foetal position and station, which can be addressed by gaining sound clinical experience and applying intra-partum scanning to determine the fetal head position in the second stage, and should be part of the core curriculum in obstetric training...
April 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26871985/standardisation-of-sheep-model-for-endodontic-regeneration-revitalisation-research
#12
Milad Altaii, Marita Broberg, Peter Cathro, Lindsay Richards
OBJECTIVE: Different endodontic regeneration/revitalisation protocols have been suggested for the treatment of immature permanent teeth with pulp necrosis. Many aspects of these protocols require further investigating necessitating a suitable standardised animal model for research purposes. The focus of this study was to examine the anatomy and histology of sheep teeth at different stages of development to find an appropriate dental age for endodontic regeneration/revitalisation research...
May 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26774762/the-case-of-national-health-promotion-policy-in-australia-where-to-now
#13
James A Smith, Gemma Crawford, Louise Signal
Issue addressed Over the last three decades there has been an incremental investment in health promotion and prevention across Australia; yet, the Commonwealth Government and some state/territory governments have more recently instigated funding cuts in health promotion and prevention. This paper argues that the role of health promotion is critical in contemporary Australia and discusses strategies needed to move forward within the context of recent disinvestments. Discussion Key areas of concern relating to recent health promotion and prevention disinvestment in Australia include the abolishment of the Australian National Preventive Health Agency, the cessation of the National Partnership Agreement on Preventive Health and significant cuts to Indigenous programs...
April 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26614606/midwives-experiences-of-labour-care-in-midwifery-units-a-qualitative-interview-study-in-a-norwegian-setting
#14
Gry Skogheim, Tove A Hanssen
OBJECTIVE: In some economically developed countries, women's choice of birth care and birth place is encouraged. The aim of this study was to explore and describe the experiences of midwives who started working in alongside/free-standing midwifery units (AMU/FMU) and their experiences with labour care in this setting. METHODS: A qualitative explorative design using a phenomenographic approach was used. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten strategically sampled midwives working in midwifery units...
December 2015: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26412820/the-potential-of-student-led-initiatives-to-revitalise-general-practice
#15
Garth Funston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26360419/unemployment-transitions-and-self-rated-health-in-europe-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-eu-silc-from-2008-to-2011
#16
Anne Grete T√łge, Morten Blekesaune
The Great Recession of 2008 has led to elevated unemployment in Europe and thereby revitalised the question of causal health effects of unemployment. This article applies fixed effects regression models to longitudinal panel data drawn from the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions for 28 European countries from 2008 to 2011, in order to investigate changes in self-rated health around the event of becoming unemployed. The results show that the correlation between unemployment and health is partly due to a decrease in self-rated health as people enter unemployment...
October 2015: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26340644/-everyone-was-looking-at-you-smiling-east-london-residents-experiences-of-the-2012-olympics-and-its-legacy-on-the-social-determinants-of-health
#17
C Thompson, D J Lewis, T Greenhalgh, N R Smith, A E Fahy, S Cummins
Mega-sporting event regeneration, as a specific approach to urban renewal, uses impending host-city status as a catalyst for revitalisation and has the potential to improve health both through addressing deprivation and by promoting increased sport and physical activity among the host-city's population. This qualitative study explored how hosting of the London 2012 Games impacted upon the way East London residents perceived and experienced the social determinants of health in their local neighbourhood. We conducted narrative family interviews, go-along interviews and video focus group workshops with 66 Newham residents, aged 12-55 years, immediately after the Games...
November 2015: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26203358/explaining-the-slow-transition-of-child-appropriate-dosage-formulations-from-the-global-to-national-level-in-the-context-of-uganda-a-qualitative-study
#18
Xavier Nsabagasani, Ebba Hansen, Anthony Mbonye, Freddie Ssengooba, Herbert Muyinda, James Mugisha, Jasper Ogwal-Okeng
BACKGROUND: In 2007, the Sixtieth World Health Assembly (WHA) passed a resolution entitled "Better medicines for children" and subsequently the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended the inclusion of child-appropriate dosage formulations in the essential medicines lists of member countries. However, child-appropriate dosage formulations are not highlighted in the Essential Medicines and Health Supplies List of Uganda (EMHSLU) 2012 and they are still limited in availability in public health facilities...
2015: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25969796/revitalising-evidence-based-policy-for-the-sendai-framework-for-disaster-risk-reduction-2015-2030-lessons-from-existing-international-science-partnerships
#19
Elizabeth Carabine
The convergence of agreements on disaster risk reduction (DRR), development finance, sustainable development and climate change in 2015 presents a unique opportunity for coherence across these inter-related policy areas. At the same time, demand is growing for a more prominent and effective role for science and technology in providing evidence for policy, with the international community recognising that successful disaster risk reduction (DRR) depends on it. Reflecting this ambition, science is included as a core aspect of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, although the ways in which this will be implemented in practice is still unclear...
2015: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25949564/the-enduring-legacy-of-alma-ata-30-years-on
#20
Mark Exworthy
The 1978 Alma Ata conference and declaration was a landmark in defining and providing a direction for primary healthcare. Despite the initial enthusiasm for Alma Ata, its impact appeared to have declined in the 1990s. However, in recent years, there has been a revitalisation of primary healthcare. This article reviews the Alma Ata conference and declaration, assesses its waxing and waning, and examines its recent revival. The paper draws conclusions about the relevance of Alma Ata, 30 years on.
2008: London Journal of Primary Care
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