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Louis Weinstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Corine G Demanga, Jenny W L Eng, Donald L Gardiner, Alison Roth, Alice Butterworth, John H Adams, Katharine R Trenholme, John P Dalton
BACKGROUND: Blocking malaria gametocyte development in RBCs or their fertilization in the mosquito gut can prevent infection of the mosquito vector and passage of disease to the human host. A 'transmission blocking' strategy is a component of future malaria control. However, the lack of robust culture systems for producing large amounts of Plasmodium falciparum gametocytes has limited our understanding of sexual-stage malaria biology and made vaccine or chemotherapeutic discoveries more difficult...
May 2, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
Somayeh Farzad, Mohsen Ali Mandegari, Miao Guo, Kathleen F Haigh, Nilay Shah, Johann F Görgens
BACKGROUND: Driven by a range of sustainability challenges, e.g. climate change, resource depletion and expanding populations, a circular bioeconomy is emerging and expected to evolve progressively in the coming decades. South Africa along with other BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India and China) represents the emerging bioeconomy and contributes significantly to global sugar market. In our research, South Africa is used as a case study to demonstrate the sustainable design for the future biorefineries annexed to existing sugar industry...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
J H Wu, A R Thoreson, A Gingery, K N An, S L Moran, P C Amadio, C Zhao
OBJECTIVES: The present study describes a novel technique for revitalising allogenic intrasynovial tendons by combining cell-based therapy and mechanical stimulation in an ex vivo canine model. METHODS: Specifically, canine flexor digitorum profundus tendons were used for this study and were divided into the following groups: (1) untreated, unprocessed normal tendon; (2) decellularised tendon; (3) bone marrow stromal cell (BMSC)-seeded tendon; and (4) BMSC-seeded and cyclically stretched tendon...
March 2017: Bone & Joint Research
M Widbiller, S Ducke, A Eidt, W Buchalla, K M Galler
AIM: To develop an inexpensive simulation model for training of revitalisation procedures. METHODOLOGY: A replica of an immature maxillary central incisor was equipped with a mock blood reservoir at the root apex and embedded in a plaster model. Mock blood consisted of water supplemented with red pigments and fibrinogen, while thrombin was inserted into the root canal to allow for clot formation. RESULTS: A true-to-life training model for revitalisation procedures was established, where the induction of bleeding and formation of a blood clot can be mimicked...
March 21, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
Gubela Mji, Stine H Braathen, Richard Vergunst, Elsje Scheffler, Janis Kritzinger, Hasheem Mannan, Marguerite Schneider, Leslie Swartz, Surona Visagie
BACKGROUND: There are many factors that influence access to public health services, such as the context people live in, the existing health services, and personal, cultural and community factors. People with disabilities (activity limitations), through their experience of health services, may offer a particular understanding of the performance of the health services, thus exposing health system limitations more clearly than perhaps any other health service user. AIM: This article explores how activity limitations interact with factors related to context, systems, community and personal factors in accessing public health care services in South Africa...
February 8, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Janya McCalman, Marion Heyeres, Sandra Campbell, Roxanne Bainbridge, Catherine Chamberlain, Natalie Strobel, Alan Ruben
BACKGROUND: Primary healthcare services in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States have embraced the concept of family-centred care as a promising approach to supporting and caring for the health of young Indigenous children and their families. This scoping review assesses the quality of the evidence base and identifies the published literature on family- centred interventions for Indigenous early childhood wellbeing. METHODS: Fourteen electronic databases, grey literature sources and the reference lists of Indigenous maternal and child health reviews were searched to identify relevant publications from 2000 to 2015...
February 21, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Mika Pantzar, Minna Ruckenstein, Veera Mustonen
A long-term research focus on the temporality of everyday life has become revitalised with new tracking technologies that allow methodological experimentation and innovation. This article approaches rhythms of daily lives with heart-rate variability measurements that use algorithms to discover physiological stress and recovery. In the spirit of the 'social life of methods' approach, we aggregated individual data (n = 35) in order to uncover temporal rhythms of daily lives. The visualisation of the aggregated data suggests both daily and weekly patterns...
January 2, 2017: Health Sociology Review: the Journal of the Health Section of the Australian Sociological Association
M A Seid, N J Kuhn, T Z Fikre
Pastoralism is rarely viewed as a major future form of land use, because of well-documented cases of rangeland degradation, attributed to irrational overstocking by pastoralists, and the subsequent losses of ecosystem services. However, pastoralists were actually encouraged to settle and adopt such strategies, copied from rangelands with higher and more reliable rainfall. This curtailed mobility resulted in a shift from opportunistic and extensive land use to more intensive and settled forms of use. The purpose of this review is to examine the link between pastoralism and the provision of ecosystem services by rangelands, focusing on biodiversity conservation and carbon sequestration...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
Oluwatosin Omole, Temitope Folaranmi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Perspectives in Public Health
F G Benson, A Musekiwa, L Blumberg, L C Rispel
BACKGROUND: An effective and efficient notifiable diseases surveillance system (NDSS) is essential for a rapid response to disease outbreaks, and the identification of priority diseases that may cause national, regional or public health emergencies of international concern (PHEICs). Regular assessments of country-based surveillance system are needed to enable countries to respond to outbreaks before they become PHEICs. As part of a broader evaluation of the NDSS in South Africa, the aim of the study was to determine the perceptions of key stakeholders on the national NDSS attributes of acceptability, flexibility, simplicity, timeliness and usefulness...
October 25, 2016: BMC Public Health
B Hiemer, B Genz, A Jonitz-Heincke, J Pasold, A Wree, S Dommerich, R Bader
The regeneration of cartilage lesions still represents a major challenge. Cartilage has a tissue-specific architecture, complicating recreation by synthetic biomaterials. A novel approach for reconstruction is the use of devitalised cartilage. Treatment with high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) achieves devitalisation while biomechanical properties are remained. Therefore, in the present study, cartilage was devitalised using HHP treatment and the potential for revitalisation with chondrocytes and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) was investigated...
September 27, 2016: Scientific Reports
Richard G Kyle, Iain M Atherton
Insights from the social sciences, including geography, sociology, and anthropology, have long been incorporated into pre-registration nursing programmes. However, scholars have suggested that their inclusion has been sporadic and lacks clear theoretical rationale. In this paper we argue anew that the social sciences - and particularly, human geography - could be central to nurse education. Specifically, we recast the concept of 'biogeography' drawn from human geography that emphasises the interplay between life (bio) and place (geo) to propose pedagogy that theoretically justifies and practically enables the inclusion of the social sciences in nurse education...
September 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
Dean Gurden
We have probably all had days where the idea of going into work is as appealing as a slap in the face, but what if you start to feel like this every day?
June 15, 2016: Nursing Standard
Julia Villarroel, Kortine Annina Kleinheinz, Vanessa Isabell Jurtz, Henrike Zschach, Ole Lund, Morten Nielsen, Mette Voldby Larsen
The current dramatic increase of antibiotic resistant bacteria has revitalised the interest in bacteriophages as alternative antibacterial treatment. Meanwhile, the development of bioinformatics methods for analysing genomic data places high-throughput approaches for phage characterization within reach. Here, we present HostPhinder, a tool aimed at predicting the bacterial host of phages by examining the phage genome sequence. Using a reference database of 2196 phages with known hosts, HostPhinder predicts the host species of a query phage as the host of the most genomically similar reference phages...
2016: Viruses
Ridwan Shabsigh, Andreas Mattern
INTRODUCTION: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is prevalent in men with metabolic syndrome (MetS); therefore, it is important to characterize ED treatments in this population. AIMS: To investigate the safety and effectiveness of vardenafil in men with ED and MetS in a clinical setting. METHODS: REVITALISE is an international, prospective, single-arm, observational study in men with ED and MetS newly prescribed vardenafil. Vardenafil was prescribed at the discretion of the treating physician in line with the marketing authorization...
September 2016: Sexual Medicine
M Altaii, X Kaidonis, S Koblar, P Cathro, L Richards
BACKGROUND: Platelet rich plasma (PRP) has been proposed as a scaffold for pulp regeneration/revitalization instead of a blood clot. The aim of the following in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of PRP scaffold on proliferation, migration and differentiation of cultured ovine (sheep) dental pulp cells (ODPC) in the presence of dentine . METHODS: PRP was prepared by centrifuging blood at 140 g for 12 min. ODPC were cultured on PRP or platelet poor plasma (PPP) scaffolds with and without dentine discs...
March 2017: Australian Dental Journal
M Altaii, P Cathro, M Broberg, L Richards
AIM: To examine the response of immature sheep teeth with infected root canal systems to a commonly used pulp regeneration/revitalization protocol. METHODOLOGY: Immature mandibular right first incisors in four sheep were mechanically exposed and the pulps infected. The mandibular left first incisors remained intact as controls. Five weeks later, the experimental root canals were chemo-mechanically cleaned and dressed with a triple-antibiotic paste for 4 weeks, before bleeding was induced inside the canal by mechanically irritating the periapical tissues...
May 2017: International Endodontic Journal
K M Galler, G Krastl, S Simon, G Van Gorp, N Meschi, B Vahedi, P Lambrechts
This position statement represents a consensus of an expert committee convened by the European Society of Endodontology (ESE) on revitalization procedures. The statement is based on current clinical and scientific evidence as well as the expertise of the committee. The goal is to provide suitably trained dentists with a protocol including procedural details for the treatment of immature teeth with pulp necrosis as well as a patient consent form. Revitalization is a biologically based treatment as an alternative to apexification in properly selected cases...
August 2016: International Endodontic Journal
Henna Rather, Javaid Muglu, Luxmi Veluthar, K Sivanesan
The number of forceps deliveries is globally falling possibly due to Obstetricians gaining more experience and competence in the use of Ventouse deliveries. The declining use of traction forceps can increase the rate of second stage caesarean sections, which may have a long-term impact on the overall rate of vaginal births, despite the efforts of improving uptake of vaginal births after caesarean sections. The failures in forceps deliveries are commonly related to inaccurate assessment of the foetal position and station, which can be addressed by gaining sound clinical experience and applying intra-partum scanning to determine the fetal head position in the second stage, and should be part of the core curriculum in obstetric training...
April 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
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