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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021840/vaccination-and-autoimmune-diseases-is-prevention-of-adverse-health-effects-on-the-horizon
#1
REVIEW
Maria Vadalà, Dimitri Poddighe, Carmen Laurino, Beniamino Palmieri
Autoimmune diseases, including multiple sclerosis and type 1 diabetes mellitus, affect about 5% of the worldwide population. In the last decade, reports have accumulated on various autoimmune disorders, such as idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura, myopericarditis, primary ovarian failure, and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), following vaccination. In this review, we discuss the possible underlying mechanisms of autoimmune reactions following vaccinations and review cases of autoimmune diseases that have been correlated with vaccination...
September 2017: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018016/successful-treatment-of-community-acquired-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-purulent-myopericarditis
#2
Henry DeYoung, Adam Bloom, Sally Tamayo
A previously healthy 48-year-old active duty man, who had been treated for an elbow abscess 3 weeks earlier, presented to an emergency department in Bahrain with tachycardia, pericardial friction rub and jugular venous distention. Cardiac tamponade was confirmed on transthoracic echocardiogram and he was taken for emergent pericardiocentesis. Pericardial fluid cultures grew community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Despite ongoing treatment with intravenous vancomycin, he developed a recurrent fibrinous pericardial effusion and constrictive pericarditis requiring pericardiectomy...
October 10, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971107/food-finds-its-way-to-a-woman-s-heart-campylobacter-jejuni-associated-myopericarditis
#3
Manivannan Veerasamy, Craig T Alguire
Campylobacter jejuni-associated myopericarditis (CAM) has been reported infrequently in the literature. We describe a case of immunocompetent young woman presenting with chest pain, with history of recent travel and diarrhea. Evaluation led to diagnosis of myopericarditis associated with this infection. The patient improved with conservative management. The pathogenesis of CAM remains unknown. Patients present with chest pain, heart failure, pulmonary edema and arrhythmias. Diagnostic evaluation includes EKG, cardiac enzymes, echocardiogram, cardiac MRI and stool culture...
March 31, 2017: Global Cardiology Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953514/quetiapine-associated-myopericarditis
#4
Sukhdeep Bhogal, Vatsal Ladia, Timir K Paul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844428/a-case-of-cardiogenic-shock-secondary-to-complement-mediated-myopericarditis-from-influenza%C3%A2-b%C3%A2-infection
#5
Matthew Siskin, Shaline Rao, Amy Rapkiewicz, Sripal Bangalore, Michael Garshick
Influenza B is a rare cause of myocarditis that is usually caused by histiocytic and mononuclear cellular infiltrates. We describe a 22-year-old female patient presenting with fulminant myopericarditis secondary to influenza B infection that deteriorated to cardiogenic shock. Endomyocardial biopsy results yielded myocardial necrosis through complement-mediated cellular injury without evidence of interstitial infiltrates. The rare cause of this patient's disease, along with the unique pathologic findings, are an important reminder of the diversity of potential findings in myocarditis...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751286/troponin-elevation-in-other-conditions-than-acute-coronary-syndromes
#6
Wafa Masri, Edouard Le Guillou, Eya Hamdi, Khaldoun Ghazal, Elise Lebigot, Claudine Cosson, Françoise Blonde Cynober, Patrice Therond
Troponin is a specific cardiac infarction isoform (TnIc, TnTc) and its determination is used for the diagnosis of myocardial infarction even with normal Electrocardiography. The increase of cardiac troponins occurs in a variety of clinical situations without an acute coronary syndrome (ACS), cardiologists and emergency physicians are often confronted with positive troponins that are difficult to interpret. Few data exist about the occurrence, the clinical characteristics and the predictive value in case of absence of ACS...
August 1, 2017: Annales de Biologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690959/from-the-gut-to-the-heart-campylobacter-jejuni-enteritis-leading-to-myopericarditis
#7
Faisal Inayat, Nouman Safdar Ali, Iqra Riaz, Hafeez Ul Hasan Virk
Campylobacter jejuni enteritis is the most common enteric infection in the developed world. Although rare, pericarditis and myopericarditis have been increasingly documented as complications following campylobacteriosis. The present paper implicates that myopericarditis and non-ischemic cardiomyopathy following Campylobacter jejuni infection might be more prevalent than initially thought and perhaps underreported so far. Therefore, it is imperative to perform the appropriate initial diagnostic testing, including stool cultures, in order to make an accurate diagnosis early in the course of the disease...
June 9, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675186/a-successful-re-trial-after-clozapine-myopericarditis
#8
K Sarathy, C Alexopoulos
Clozapine-induced myopericarditis is a well-described adverse drug reaction. Clozapine is also the most efficacious agent in refractory schizophrenia. We report a case of a patient who was successfully re-trialled on clozapine two years after developing myopericarditis, after which multiple lines of alternative treatment failed. We propose a protocol for safely attempting a re-trial of clozapine in such cases.
June 2017: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546762/cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-imaging-clinical-implications-in-the-evaluation-of-connective-tissue-diseases
#9
REVIEW
Sophie Mavrogeni, George Markousis-Mavrogenis, Loukia Koutsogeorgopoulou, Genovefa Kolovou
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging is a recently developed noninvasive, nonradiating, operator-independent technique that has been successfully used for the evaluation of congenital heart disease, valvular and pericardial diseases, iron overload, cardiomyopathies, great and coronary vessel diseases, cardiac inflammation, stress-rest myocardial perfusion, and fibrosis. Rheumatoid arthritis and other spondyloarthropathies, systemic lupus erythematosus, inflammatory myopathies, mixed connective tissue diseases (CTDs), systemic sclerosis, vasculitis, and sarcoidosis are among CTDs with serious cardiovascular involvement; this is due to multiple causative factors such as myopericarditis, micro/macrovascular disease, coronary artery disease, myocardial fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension, and finally heart failure...
2017: Journal of Inflammation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532506/clinical-evaluation-of-myocardial-involvement-in-acute-myopericarditis-in-young-adults
#10
Ersin Saricam, Yasemin Saglam, Tuncay Hazirolan
BACKGROUND: Myocardial involvement in young adults has various causes. Acute myopericarditis is one of the myocardial involvements in young adults. It is easy to confuse with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction because of the electrocardiographic features. This study aims to investigate a number of imaging techniques and clinical features for acute myopericarditis in young adults (<30 years of age). METHODS: This retrospective study included 147 patients selected from the 2147 patients at the age of <30 with acute chest pain admitted into emergency service between 2010 and 2016...
May 22, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506576/-clinical-characteristics-and-follow-up-of-patients-with-magnetic-resonance-imaging-confirmed-myopericarditis-a-retrospective-study
#11
Q de Hemptinne, F Picard, V Spagnoli, M Renard
INTRODUCTION: Pericarditis are frequently associated with some degree of concomitant myocardial involvement. Predominant pericarditis with limited myocardial involvement are named myopericarditis. Data regarding myopericarditis are scarce. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review of all patients admitted between 2002 and 2011 with magnetic resonance imaging confirmed myopericarditis. RESULTS: Twenty-seven patients were included. Eighty-one percent were men, with median age of 32 years...
May 12, 2017: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469862/myopericarditis-in-a-patient-with-hepatitis-c-and-cryoglobulinemic-renal-disease
#12
Mohamoud A Ali, Waqas Z Kayani, Bradley M Linzie, Gopal V Punjabi, James B Wetmore
Although cryoglobulinemia is a well-appreciated complication of hepatitis C (HC), myopericarditis with resulting pericardial effusion is extremely rare, especially in the absence of a liver transplant. In patients with HC, pericardial effusion with impending tamponade can be a florid and potentially life-threatening manifestation of multiorgan cryoglobulinemic disease.
May 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454888/cardiogenic-shock-and-cardiac-tamponade-in-the-context-of-influenza-a-myopericarditis
#13
Aridane Cárdenes León, Elena Gallardo Santos, Roland Prada Osorio, Marta López Pérez, Pedro Luis Martín Lorenzo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422282/analysis-of-circulating-mir-1-mir-23a-and-mir-26a-in-atrial-fibrillation-patients-undergoing-coronary-bypass-artery-grafting-surgery
#14
Andre Feldman, Dalmo Antonio Ribeiro Moreira, Carlos Gun, Hui-Tzu Lin Wang, Mario Hiroyuki Hirata, Juliana de Freitas Germano, Gabriela Guimarães Sousa Leite, Pedro Farsky
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia after cardiac surgery. From a pathophysiological point of view, a myriad of factors such as trauma, atrial dilation, ischemia, mechanical myopericarditis, autonomic imbalance, loss of connexins, AF nest remodeling, inflammation, sutures, and dysfunction caused by postextracorporeal circulation can contribute to postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) resulting in a longer hospital stay and consequently higher cost. Recent studies showed that short fragments of RNA, called microRNA (miRNA), can contribute to the development of several cardiovascular diseases, including AF...
May 2017: Annals of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416939/a-systemic-onset-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-patient-with-reduced-anakinra-treatment-admitted-with-an-attack
#15
Dilek Yilmaz, Mediha Akcan, Semiha Terlemez, Ferah Sonmez, Abdullah Baris Akcan
Interleukin-1 plays an important role in the pathogenesis of systemic-onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis (SoJIA), and the use of anti-interleukin-1 therapy has been increasing. We report a case of a 14-year-old male patient with SoJIA. He was in remission with anakinra treatment for almost 2 years. When we extended the therapeutic range and decreased the dose (1 mg/kg twice a week), he developed symptoms mimicking pulmonary embolism and cardiac ischemia. Increased cardiac enzyme levels and echocardiographic findings were interpreted as myopericarditis...
February 2017: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318509/chest-pain-and-st-segment-elevation-in-an-18-year-old-man
#16
Mazen M Kawji, D Luke Glancy
An 18-year-old man came to the hospital because of 1 day of chest pain typical of pericarditis. He had had an upper respiratory infection 10 days earlier. His electrocardiograms indicated evolving pericarditis. His echocardiogram showed mild, diffuse left ventricular hypokinesia, and his troponin I level peaked at 47.5 ng/ml. Thus, he had myopericarditis.
May 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296747/adult-onset-still-s-disease-with-atypical-cutaneous-manifestations
#17
Francisco Javier Narváez Garcia, María Pascual, Mercè López de Recalde, Pablo Juarez, Isabel Morales-Ivorra, Jaime Notario, Anna Jucglà, Joan M Nolla
The diagnosis of adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) can be very difficult. There are no specific tests available, and diagnosis is usually based on a symptom complex and the well-described typical evanescent rash seen in the majority of patients. However, in recent years, other atypical cutaneous manifestations of AOSD have been reported. These atypical skin eruptions often present in addition to the typical evanescent rash but may also be the only skin manifestation, resulting in delayed diagnosis because of under-recognition...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261271/myopericarditis-and-pericardial-effusion-as-the-initial-presentation-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#18
Prema Bezwada, Ahmed Quadri, Atif Shaikh, Ceasar Ayala-Rodriguez, Stuart Green
Myopericarditis with a pericardial effusion as the initial presenting feature of SLE is uncommon. We report an unusual case of myopericarditis and pericardial effusion with subsequent heart failure, as the initial manifestation of SLE. The timely recognition and early steroid administration are imperative in SLE-related myopericarditis with cardiomyopathy to prevent the mortality associated with this condition.
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169076/metabolites-as-biomarkers-of-adverse-reactions-following-vaccination-a-pilot-study-using-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-metabolomics
#19
Bruce M McClenathan, Delisha A Stewart, Christina E Spooner, Wimal W Pathmasiri, Jason P Burgess, Susan L McRitchie, Y Sammy Choi, Susan C J Sumner
An Adverse Event Following Immunization (AEFI) is an adverse reaction to a vaccination that goes above and beyond the usual side effects associated with vaccinations. One serious AEFI related to the smallpox vaccine is myopericarditis. Metabolomics involves the study of the low molecular weight metabolite profile of cells, tissues, and biological fluids, and provides a functional readout of the phenotype. Metabolomics may help identify a particular metabolic signature in serum of subjects who are predisposed to developing AEFIs...
March 1, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123193/5-aminosalicylic-acid-associated-myocarditis-and-pericarditis-a-narrative-review
#20
REVIEW
Glen Brown
BACKGROUND: Use of medications containing the 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) moiety may cause a rare but potentially lethal side effect involving inflammation of the heart (myocarditis) or pericardium (pericarditis) or both (myopericarditis). Early recognition of 5-ASA as the cause is important to prevent progression of the inflammation. OBJECTIVE: To provide clinicians with information to assist in recognizing the signs and symptoms of 5-ASA-induced cardiac inflammation and the characteristics of the suspected therapy, and in determining the appropriate approach to treatment...
November 2016: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
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