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Symptom control palliative

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530501/palliative-care-for-advanced-heart-failure-in-a-department-of-veterans-affairs-regional-hospice-program-patient-selection-a-treatment-protocol-and-clinical-course
#1
George J Taylor, Dorothy M Lee, Catalin F Baicu, Michael R Zile
BACKGROUND: Palliative care for advanced heart failure (HF) is generally recommended. However, few reports have focused on the particulars of treatment, or the clinical course of HF on a specific treatment regimen. OBJECTIVE: Palliation adequate to allow patients to avoid HF admission and die at home. METHODS: Patients from a veterans administration regional practice with multiple, recent hospital admissions were enrolled in community hospice programs...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528350/prevalence-and-impact-of-severe-fatigue-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-patients-in-comparison-with-population-based-controls
#2
Hanneke Poort, Suzanne E J Kaal, Hans Knoop, Rosemarie Jansen, Judith B Prins, Eveliene Manten-Horst, Petra Servaes, Olga Husson, Winette T A van der Graaf
PURPOSE: The current study determined the prevalence of severe fatigue in adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer patients (aged 18-35 years at diagnosis) consulting a multidisciplinary AYA team in comparison with gender- and age-matched population-based controls. In addition, impact of severe fatigue on quality of life and correlates of fatigue severity were examined. METHODS: AYAs with cancer (n = 83) completed questionnaires including the Checklist Individual Strength (CIS-fatigue), Quality of Life (QoL)-Cancer Survivor, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (reflecting psychological distress), and the Cancer Worry Scale (reflecting fear of cancer recurrence or progression)...
May 20, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521070/drug-therapy-for-symptoms-associated-with-anxiety-in-adult-palliative-care-patients
#3
REVIEW
Susan Salt, Caroline A Mulvaney, Nancy J Preston
BACKGROUND: This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2004 (Issue 1) and previously updated in 2012 (Issue 10). Anxiety is common in palliative care patients. It can be a natural response to the complex uncertainty of having a life-limiting illness or impending death, but it may represent a clinically significant issue in its own right. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of drug therapy for treating symptoms of anxiety in adults with a progressive life-limiting illness who are thought to be in their last year of life...
May 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516435/management-considerations-in-cancer-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#4
Richard J Zogala, Kristina Goutsouliak, Maria E Suarez-Almazor
Rheumatoid arthritis is a common inflammatory disease that requires treatment with immunosuppressants to control symptoms and avoid joint destruction. Managing cancer in patients with concomitant rheumatoid arthritis poses special challenges that require close coordination of care between oncologists and rheumatologists. Potential clinical issues needing special consideration include: 1) perioperative management in patients undergoing cancer surgery, which often requires discontinuation of antirrheumatic therapy; 2) use of immunosuppressant therapies for rheumatoid arthritis, especially biologic agents that inhibit cytokine and immune pathways, which conceivably could affect immune-mediated antitumor responses (the issues are different in patients with active cancer vs those with a past history of cancer and no recurrences); 3) management in the palliative care setting; and 4) use of cancer immunotherapy, such as checkpoint inhibitor agents, in patients with pre-existing rheumatoid arthritis...
May 15, 2017: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509335/dignity-conserving-care-actions-in-palliative-care-an-integrative-review-of-swedish-research
#5
REVIEW
Carina Werkander Harstäde, Karin Blomberg, Eva Benzein, Ulrika Östlund
BACKGROUND: Previous research has proposed that persons in need of palliative care often have a loss of functions and roles that affects social and existential self-image. Moreover, these individuals also commonly suffer from complex multisymptoms. This, together with the situation of facing an impending death, can lead to a loss of dignity. Therefore, supporting these persons' dignity is a crucial challenge for professional nurses. The 'Dignity Care Intervention' addresses the multidimensionality of dignity by identifying patients' dignity-related concerns and suggests care actions to address them...
May 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508278/physiotherapy-programme-reduces-fatigue-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-receiving-palliative-care-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Anna Pyszora, Jacek Budzyński, Agnieszka Wójcik, Anna Prokop, Małgorzata Krajnik
PURPOSE: Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is a common and relevant symptom in patients with advanced cancer that significantly decreases their quality of life. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a physiotherapy programme on CRF and other symptoms in patients diagnosed with advanced cancer. METHODS: The study was designed as a randomized controlled trial. Sixty patients diagnosed with advanced cancer receiving palliative care were randomized into two groups: the treatment group (n = 30) and the control group (n = 30)...
May 16, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505689/-pain-management-in-palliative-care
#7
Martin B Steins, Corinna Eschbach, Matthias Villalobos, Michael Thomas
A consistent pain management together with treatment of dyspnoea belongs to the main issues in symptom control in particular in palliative thoracic oncology. Together with the medicamentous therapy the psychologic and social circumstances of the affected patients have to be considered as factors influencing the experience of pain. The therapeutic fundament according to the WHO guideline for cancer pain is the opiate based medicamentous adjustment combined with non-opioids. In principle, this should be performed preferably orally, as simply as possible, according to a fix drug schedule and individually adjusted to the needed dosage...
May 2017: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503650/hand-held-fan-airflow-stimulation-relieves-dyspnea-in-lung-cancer-patients
#8
Ni Luh Putu Dewi Puspawati, Ratna Sitorus, Tuti Herawati
OBJECTIVE: The main symptom of lung cancer is dyspnea which can lead to depression, anxiety, limited independent activities, and decreased quality of life. The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of airflow stimulation from a hand-held fan as nonpharmacological palliative intervention on dyspnea in patients with lung cancer. METHODS: This study used open, randomized, controlled, crossover trial design involved 21 participants. Diaphragmatic breathing technique was used in control arm...
April 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501039/symptomatic-control-in-end-of-life-patients
#9
REVIEW
Mariana Alves, Rita Abril, Isabel Galriça Neto
End-of-life patients present a variety of symptoms that cause suffering for them and their respective families. Health professionals throughout their university, internship and medical careers are ill-prepared to manage and improve the quality of life of these patients. This article aims to provide basic skills in the symptomatic management of end-of-life patients, focusing in particular on the control of pain, dyspnoea, fatigue, nausea, vomiting and anorexia. It also aims to draw attention to basic concepts of control concerning refractory symptoms and palliative sedation...
January 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494405/radical-treatment-of-oligometastatic-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-ready-for-prime-time
#10
Matteo Brighenti, Fausto Petrelli, Sandro Barni, Barbara Conti, Enrico Sarti, Margherita Ratti, Stefano Panni, Rodolfo Passalacqua, Melissa Bersanelli
Oligometastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), defined as a disease with low metastatic burden and limited organ involvement, is conceived as an intermediate condition between a truly localised disease and a widely metastatic tumour. Traditionally, local ablative therapies (LATs), such as surgery and radiotherapy, have been limited to symptoms' palliation in advanced NSCLC. Several retrospective studies suggest that using local ablative therapy for oligometastatic disease could offer good local control of the disease and improvement in terms of progression-free survival...
May 8, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480719/stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-for-metastases-to-the-kidney-in-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-new-treatment-paradigm-for-durable-palliation
#11
Vivek Verma, Charles B Simone
BACKGROUND: Cancer metastasis to the kidney is a rare event; treatment must take into account the associated and unique anatomic and physiological challenges of treating the kidney. Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is a widely emerging modality of radiotherapy touted for its ability to minimize irradiation to surrounding tissues and to provide a vastly shortened treatment course that is highly biologically potent. However, the use of SBRT to treat kidney neoplasms has been described in only a few case reports generally for primary renal malignancies...
April 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480046/steroid-induced-tumour-lysis-syndrome-in-small-cell-lung-cancer
#12
Fasihul Khan, Shazeen Ayub, Qurrat Mehmood, Syed Fayyaz Hussain
A 64-year-old male presented to hospital with breathlessness and weight loss. Ultrasound-guided biopsy of supraclavicular lymph node confirmed a diagnosis of small-cell lung cancer. The patient was started on Dexamethasone 8 mg twice daily for symptom control while awaiting urgent oncology assessment. Three days later he was admitted with acute kidney injury and worsening breathlessness. Biochemical changes confirmed tumour lysis syndrome (TLS) that had occurred following steroid therapy. He was given allopurinol followed by rasburicase...
May 2017: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469343/significant-clinical-benefit-of-pemetrexed-based-chemotherapy-for-advanced-diffuse-malignant-peritoneal-mesothelioma-a-case-presentation
#13
Milena Peitl, Sven Seiwerth, Martina Bašić-Koretić, Fedor Šantek
Diffuse malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (DMPM) is generally an understudied disease, largely because most molecular and clinical studies of mesothelioma have been conducted in patients with the more common malignant pleural mesothelioma. We present the case of a 45-year-old male that initially presented with abdominal discomfort and ascites. Diagnostic workup revealed advanced DMPM. Bimodal treatment was stared with cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal perfusion with chemotherapy procedure, followed by pemetrexed systemic monotherapy...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464977/family-members-experiences-of-integrated-palliative-advanced-home-and-heart-failure-care-a-qualitative-study-of-the-prefer-intervention
#14
Anette Alvariza, Kristofer Årestedt, Kurt Boman, Margareta Brännström
OBJECTIVE: Chronic heart failure is a disease with high morbidity and symptom burden for patients, and it also places great demands on family members. Patients with heart failure should have access to palliative care for the purpose of improving quality of life for both patients and their families. In the PREFER randomized controlled intervention, patients with New York Heart Association classes III-IV heart failure received person-centered care with a multidisciplinary approach involving collaboration between specialists in palliative and heart failure care...
May 3, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458901/the-management-of-metastatic-radioiodine-refractory-differentiated-thyroid-cancer-requires-an-integrated-approach-including-both-directed-and-systemic-therapies
#15
Shamil D Cooray, Duncan J Topliss
SUMMARY: A 58-year-old man with metastatic radioiodine-refractory differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) presented with left thigh and right flank numbness. He had known progressive and widespread bony metastases, for which he received palliative radiotherapy, and multiple bilateral asymptomatic pulmonary metastases. CT scan and MRI of the spine revealed metastases at right T10-L1 vertebrae with extension into the central canal and epidural disease at T10 and T11 causing cord displacement and canal stenosis but retention of spinal cord signal...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441112/second-line-hormonal-therapy-for-men-with-chemotherapy-na%C3%A3-ve-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-provisional-clinical-opinion
#16
Katherine S Virgo, Ethan Basch, D Andrew Loblaw, Tom Oliver, R Bryan Rumble, Michael A Carducci, Luke Nordquist, Mary-Ellen Taplin, Eric Winquist, Eric A Singer
Purpose ASCO provisional clinical opinions (PCOs) offer direction to the ASCO membership after publication or presentation of potential practice-changing data. This PCO addresses second-line hormonal therapy for chemotherapy-naïve men with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) who range from being asymptomatic with only biochemical evidence of CRPC to having documented metastases but minimal symptoms. Clinical Context The treatment goal for CRPC is palliation. Despite resistance to initial androgen deprivation therapy, most men respond to second-line hormonal therapies...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428908/metastatic-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-colon-from-esophageal-cancer
#17
Natasha Garg, Constance Stoehr, Yan Shi Zhao, Heather Rojas, Chung-Tsen Hsueh
BACKGROUND: Esophageal cancer including squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and adenocarcinoma represents 4% of all cancers in the United States. Patients with esophageal cancer frequently present with locally advanced disease, and about 40% of patients have evidence of metastatic disease on presentation. Common sites of metastasis include liver, lung and bone. Here, we present a rare case of colonic metastasis from primary esophageal SCC. CASE PRESENTATION: A 60-year-old Caucasian male with a history of 20-pack-year cigarette smoking received surgery and adjuvant chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced SCC of larynx...
2017: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423478/a-qualitative-study-of-community-nurses-decision-making-around-the-anticipatory-prescribing-of-end-of-life-medications
#18
Ben Bowers, Sarah Redsell
AIMS: To explore community nurses' decision-making processes around the prescribing of anticipatory medications for people who are dying. BACKGROUND: Community nurses frequently initiate the prescribing of anticipatory medications to help control symptoms in those who are dying. However, little is known about their decision-making processes in relation to when they instigate anticipatory prescribing and their discussions with families and General Practitioners. DESIGN: A qualitative interpretive descriptive enquiry...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413678/the-significance-of-multi-line-chemotherapy-for-advanced-gastric-cancer-a-retrospective-analysis
#19
Meiqin Yuan, Zhong Shi, Zeng Wang, Wangxia Lv, Yunshan Yang, Fangxiao Lu, Yazhen Zhao, Haijun Zhong
Palliative chemotherapy is known to benefit patients with advanced gastric cancer by palliating symptoms and improving survival. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of chemotherapy regimens that are commonly used in patients with advanced or recurrent gastric cancer. Patients with advanced or recurrent gastric cancer who were treated by at least two chemotherapy regimens between May 2006 and July 2014 at Zhejiang Cancer Hospital (Hangzhou, China) were retrospectively investigated...
April 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413658/subcutaneous-metastasis-arising-from-gastric-cancer-a-case-report
#20
Tsutomu Namikawa, Eri Munekage, Masaya Munekage, Hiromichi Maeda, Tomoaki Yatabe, Hiroyuki Kitagawa, Michiya Kobayashi, Kazuhiro Hanazaki
A 59-year-old man was referred to the Kochi Medical School Hospital due to left shoulder pain. Physical examination revealed a nodular, painful mass lesion in the subcutaneous tissue of the right chest wall, with a diameter of ~2 cm. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed a large ulcerated tumor in the lower gastric body near the lesser curvature, and biopsy specimens of the gastric and humeral lesions revealed poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. Abdominal computed tomography revealed multiple low-density lesions in the liver and a well-defined, 2...
April 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
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