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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894017/effects-of-early-integrated-palliative-care-on-caregivers-of-patients-with-lung-and-gastrointestinal-cancer-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Areej El-Jawahri, Joseph A Greer, William F Pirl, Elyse R Park, Vicki A Jackson, Anthony L Back, Mihir Kamdar, Juliet Jacobsen, Eva H Chittenden, Simone P Rinaldi, Emily R Gallagher, Justin R Eusebio, Sarah Fishman, Harry VanDusen, Zhigang Li, Alona Muzikansky, Jennifer S Temel
BACKGROUND: The family and friends (caregivers) of patients with advanced cancer often experience tremendous distress. Although early integrated palliative care (PC) has been shown to improve patient-reported quality of life (QOL) and mood, its effects on caregivers' outcomes is currently unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a randomized trial of early PC integrated with oncology care versus oncology care alone for patients who were newly diagnosed with incurable lung and noncolorectal gastrointestinal cancers and their caregivers...
September 11, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889847/acupuncture-for-symptom-relief-in-palliative-care-study-protocol-and-semistandardized-treatment-schemes
#2
Sybille Kramer, Dominik Irnich, Stefan Lorenzl
The use of complementary and alternative medicine methods such as acupuncture in palliative care has increased over the past years. Well-planned trials are warranted to show its effectiveness in relieving distressing symptoms. The development of treatment schemes to be used in the trial for both acupuncture and medical symptom control is challenging, as both acupuncture and palliative care are highly individualized. Thus, standardized care plans of a randomized controlled trial will have difficulties in producing treatment results that compare to the clinical practice...
August 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867543/clinical-outcomes-of-hypofractionated-radiation-therapy-for-choroidal-metastases-symptom-palliation-tumor-control-and-survival
#3
Ezra Hahn, Normand Laperriere, Hatem Krema, Juan P Velazquez-Martin, Sohel Somani, John Waldron, Rand Simpson, David Payne, Caroline Chung
PURPOSE: External beam radiation therapy (RT) is an effective palliative treatment for patients with choroidal metastases and is aimed at preserving vision and obtaining local tumor control. Delivery of 30 to 40 Gy in 2-Gy daily fractions is a standard approach at many centers. This study reports the outcomes of a hypofractionated schedule of 20 Gy in 5 fractions in this palliative setting. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We conducted a retrospective review of patients who were treated with RT (20 Gy in 5 fractions) for choroidal metastases between January 1999 and November 2012...
June 29, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866897/superior-target-delineation-for-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-of-bone-metastases-from-renal-cell-carcinoma-on-mri-compared-to-ct
#4
Fieke M Prins, Joanne M van der Velden, Anne S Gerlich, Alexis N T J Kotte, Wietse S C Eppinga, Nicolien Kasperts, Jorrit J Verlaan, Frank A Pameijer, Linda G W Kerkmeijer
BACKGROUND: In metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) there has been a treatment shift towards targeted therapy, which has resulted in improved overall survival. Therefore, there is a need for better local control of the tumor and its metastases. Image-guided stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in bone metastases provides improved symptom palliation and local control. With the use of SBRT there is a need for accurate target delineation. The hypothesis is that MRI allows for better visualization of the extend of bone metastases in mRCC and will optimize the accuracy of tumor delineation for stereotactic radiotherapy purposes, compared with CT only...
July 11, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861844/physical-activity-and-advanced-cancer-the-views-of-oncology-and-palliative-care-physicians-in-ireland
#5
G Sheill, E Guinan, L O Neill, D Hevey, J Hussey
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) levels play an important role in maintaining the quality of life and enhancing the physical function of advanced cancer patients. A brief exercise prompt by physicians can increase PA levels of patients diagnosed with cancer. AIMS: This study explores the views of Irish oncology and palliative care physicians towards PA for patients with advanced cancer. METHODS: A web-based survey with closed- and open-ended questions was used to explore physicians' views...
August 31, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859173/vitamin-d-supplementation-to-palliative-cancer-patients-shows-positive-effects-on-pain-and-infections-results-from-a-matched-case-control-study
#6
Maria Helde-Frankling, Jonas Höijer, Jenny Bergqvist, Linda Björkhem-Bergman
BACKGROUND: We previously showed an association between low vitamin D levels and high opioid doses to alleviate pain in palliative cancer patients. The aim of this case-controlled study was to investigate if vitamin D supplementation could improve pain management, quality of life (QoL) and decrease infections in palliative cancer patients. METHODS: Thirty-nine palliative cancer patients with levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D < 75 nmol/L were supplemented with vitamin D 4000 IE/day, and were compared to 39 untreated, matched "control"-patients from a previous study at the same ward...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856077/exceptional-responses-to-standard-therapy-in-a-patient-with-metastatic-her2-positive-breast-cancer
#7
Carsten Nieder, Bård Mannsåker, Ellinor Haukland
Patients with metastatic breast cancer involving the liver and brain often have short overall survival. Here, we report a case of de novo metastatic breast cancer with multiple liver metastases at initial diagnosis in February 2011 in a 35-year-old Caucasian female patient. The histology was poorly differentiated invasive ductal carcinoma (estrogen and progesterone receptor negative, HER2 positive) and the patient was negative for germline BRCA 1 and 2 mutations. Systemic therapy with trastuzumab and docetaxel was given for six months and then switched to trastuzumab only because of peripheral neuropathy...
June 29, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854053/independent-non-medical-prescribing-in-children-s-hospices-in-the-uk-a-practice-snapshot
#8
Michael J Tatterton
BACKGROUND: Non-medical prescribing is well established within the British health service, with increasing numbers of nurses practicing within children's hospices. AIM: To identify the context of non-medical prescribing in children's hospices in the UK, focusing on the perceived benefits and challenges. METHOD: Internet-based questionnaires were sent to 55 UK children's hospices, exploring the practice and context of prescribing. RESULTS: Of the 55 invited, 20 children's hospices responded to the questionnaire, 14 of which employed a total of 39 non-medical prescribers (NMPs)...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852603/palliative-radiation-therapy-for-symptom-control-in-an-advanced-case-of-pseudomyxoma-peritonei
#9
Clare McGrath, Kelly Linden, Pamela Hube, Anna Adamiak, Kristopher Dennis
Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PP) is a rare clinical condition characterized by progressive mucinous ascites, which is typically caused by a mucin-producing neoplasm. Reports of radiation therapy (RT) in the management of PP are limited. We report a unique case of a 62-year-old woman with severe, end-stage, recurrent PP and a large, mucin-secreting mass protruding through her abdominal wall. Low-dose, hypofractionated palliative RT was administered for symptom control with the hope of improving her quality of life...
June 29, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837757/systemic-antibiotics-for-treating-malignant-wounds
#10
REVIEW
Darshini A Ramasubbu, Valerie Smith, Fiona Hayden, Patricia Cronin
BACKGROUND: Malignant wounds are a devastating complication of cancer. They usually develop in the last six months of life, in the breast, chest wall or head and neck regions. They are very difficult to treat successfully, and the commonly associated symptoms of pain, exudate, malodour, and the risk of haemorrhage are extremely distressing for those with advanced cancer. Treatment and care of malignant wounds is primarily palliative, and focuses on alleviating pain, controlling infection and odour from the wound, managing exudate and protecting the surrounding skin from further deterioration...
August 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836960/the-feasibility-and-benefit-of-a-brief-psychosocial-intervention-in-addition-to-early-palliative-care-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-to-reduce-depressive-symptoms-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#11
Thamires Monteiro do Carmo, Bianca Sakamoto Ribeiro Paiva, Cleyton Zanardo de Oliveira, Maria Salete de Angelis Nascimento, Carlos Eduardo Paiva
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and potential benefit of a brief psychosocial intervention based on cognitive-behavioral therapy performed in addition to early palliative care (PC) in the reduction of depressive symptoms among patients with advanced cancer. METHODS: An open-label randomized phase II clinical trial with two intervention arms and one control group. Patients with advanced cancer starting palliative chemotherapy and who met the selection criteria were included...
August 23, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835218/a-parallel-group-randomized-clinical-trial-of-individually-tailored-multidisciplinary-palliative-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-advanced-cancer-the-pal-rehab-study-protocol
#12
Lise Nottelmann, Mogens Groenvold, Tove Bahn Vejlgaard, Morten Aagaard Petersen, Lars Henrik Jensen
BACKGROUND: The effect of early palliative care and rehabilitation on the quality of life of patients with advanced cancer has been only sparsely described and needs further investigation. In the present trial we combine elements of early, specialized palliative care with cancer rehabilitation in a 12-week individually tailored, palliative rehabilitation program initiated shortly after a diagnosis of advanced cancer. METHODS: This single center, randomized, controlled trial will include 300 patients with newly diagnosed advanced cancer recruited from the Department of Oncology, Vejle Hospital...
August 23, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829011/-we-never-speak-about-death-healthcare-professionals-views-on-palliative-care-for-inpatients-in-tanzania-a-qualitative-study
#13
E Grace Lewis, Lloyd L Oates, Jane Rogathi, Ashanti Duinmaijer, Aisa Shayo, Simon Megiroo, Barthlomew Bakari, Felicity Dewhurst, Richard W Walker, Matt Dewhurst, Sarah Urasa
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the current views and practices of healthcare professionals (HCPs) in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) regarding delivery of hospital palliative care. The present qualitative study explored the views of nursing staff and medical professionals on providing palliative and end-of-life care (EoLC) to hospital inpatients in Tanzania. METHOD: Focus group discussions were conducted with a purposive sample of HCPs working on the medical and pediatric wards of the Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, a tertiary referral hospital in northern Tanzania...
August 22, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827937/hypofractionated-radiotherapy-for-palliation-in-locally-advanced-head-and-neck-cancer
#14
R K Spartacus, Rohitashwa Dana, Kartick Rastogi, Aseem Rai Bhatnagar, Dhiraj Daga, Kampra Gupta
CONTEXT: In India, a considerable proportion of patients with head and neck cancer present with locoregionally advanced disease. Symptom palliation becomes a major objective in these cases when they could not be considered for a curative approach. AIMS: The aim of this study is to assess the role of palliative radiotherapy for symptom control in patients with locally advanced head and neck cancer. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a retrospective study...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814378/mhealth-technologies-for-palliative-care-patients-at-the-interface-of-in-patient-to-outpatient-care-protocol-of-feasibility-study-aiming-to-early-predict-deterioration-of-patient-s-health-status
#15
Gudrun Theile, Vanessa Klaas, Gerhard Tröster, Matthias Guckenberger
BACKGROUND: Palliative care patients are a particularly vulnerable population and one of the critical phases in patients' trajectories is discharge from specialized in-patient palliative care into outpatient care, where availability of a palliative care infrastructure is highly variable. A relevant number of potentially avoidable readmissions and emergency visits of palliative patients is observed due to rapid exacerbation of symptoms indicating the need for a closer patient monitoring...
August 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813191/effect-and-efficiency-of-an-embedded-palliative-care-nurse-practitioner-in-an-oncology-clinic
#16
Anne M Walling, Sarah F D'Ambruoso, Jennifer L Malin, Sara Hurvitz, Ann Zisser, Anne Coscarelli, Robin Clarke, Andrew Hackbarth, Christopher Pietras, Frances Watts, Bruce Ferrell, Samuel Skootsky, Neil S Wenger
PURPOSE: To test a simultaneous care model for palliative care for patients with advanced cancer by embedding a palliative care nurse practitioner (NP) in an oncology clinic. METHODS: We evaluated the effect of the intervention in two oncologists' clinics beginning March 2014 by using implementation strategies, including use of a structured referral mechanism, routine symptom screening, integration of a psychology-based cancer supportive care center, implementation team meetings, team training, and a metrics dashboard for continuous quality improvement...
September 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807703/is-early-palliative-care-feasible-in-patients-with-multiple-myeloma
#17
Josep Porta-Sales, Maria Guerrero-Torrelles, Deborah Moreno-Alonso, Josep Sarra-Escarre, Victòria Clapés-Puig, Jordi Trelis-Navarro, Anna Sureda-Balarí, Alberto Fernández De Sevilla-Ribosa
CONTEXT: Evidence for the benefits of early palliative care (EPC) in patients with solid tumors is strong, but EPC has received scant attention in hematological malignancies. OBJECTIVE: To assess the benefits of outpatient-based EPC for symptom control in patients with multiple myeloma. METHODS: Retrospective study of patients attending the Multiple Myeloma Palliative Care Clinic (MM-PAL) at our hospital in the year 2013 (February 1 - December 31)...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807628/vertebral-alveolar-echinococcosis-a-case-report-systematic-analysis-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Thomas Raphael Meinel, Bruno Gottstein, Vanessa Geib, Marius Johann Keel, Ruggero Biral, Markus Mohaupt, Jan Brügger
Alveolar echinococcosis caused by Echinococcus multilocularis is an infrequent zoonosis with a high degree of disability, morbidity, and mortality, especially in disease clusters of the northern hemisphere. The diagnosis is complicated by extended incubation time, diverse clinical manifestations, and mimicking of differential diagnoses. The primary organ affected is the liver, but extrahepatic disease is possible, with vertebral involvement in only a few dozen cases described worldwide. Although vertebral alveolar echinococcosis seems to be rare, it might be under diagnosed, and it might be seen more often as the number of people with immunocompromised conditions increases...
August 11, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803078/safety-and-effectiveness-of-palliative-drug-treatment-in-the-last-days-of-life-a-systematic-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Kristian Jansen, Dagny Faksvåg Haugen, Lisa Pont, Sabine Ruths
CONTEXT: Dying patients commonly experience potentially distressing symptoms. Palliative care guidelines recommend opioids, anticholinergics, antipsychotics and benzodiazepines for symptom relief. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the effectiveness and safety of palliative drug treatment in the last days of life of adult patients, focusing on the management of pain, dyspnea, anxiety, restlessness, and death rattle. METHODS: A systematic search of the literature published before December 2016 in PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane, ClinicalTrials...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803074/hospice-palliative-care-development-in-hungary
#20
Agnes Csikos, Csilla Busa, Katalin Muszbek
During the past 25 years many developmental steps have occurred in Hungary in palliative care. Further education and service development is needed to provide a quality palliative care for all the Hungarian people. Hungary has a universal health care system with a developed infrastructure. The first Hungarian hospice team started in 1991. At that time the concept of hospice care was unknown. Symptom control and psychosocial support for the dying patient was inadequate. The regulatory framework was based on the 1997 Health Care Act which was followed by significant palliative care legislation including documents on the legal requirements for palliative care (2004)...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
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