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Olga V Aksenova, Yulia V Bespalaya, Ivan N Bolotov, Alexander V Kondakov, Svetlana E Sokolova
The strigeid digenean species Australapatemon burti (Miller, 1923) (Trematoda: Digenea: Strigeidae) was originally described from North America, but recorded in the Neotropical region (Drago et al. 2007; Hernández-Mena et al. 2014; Blasco-Costa et al. 2016) and in Central Europe (Faltýnková et al. 2007). In Europe, this species is rare, and there is not much information about its range (Faltýnková et al. 2007; Soldánová et al. 2012). Australapatemon burti has a complex life cycle with three larval stages, two of which (sporocyst and cercaria) use several species of freshwater snails, and the third stage (metacercaria) use non-specific host hirudineans (Dubois 1968; Davies & Ostrowski de Núñez 2012; Blasco-Costa et al...
July 1, 2016: Zootaxa
N U Abdukarimova, R M Shermatov
The Determination system mechanism developments, formations and integrations some function small intestine on the grounds of studies of the growing and developments of the organism, developments and formations her(its) mucous shell, angioarhitektonic under natural and artificial feeding nutrition in early postnatal ontogenesis. The experiments are organized on 122 white rats both flap, which were kept in reference conditions vivary. The first group of the rats after birth feeding the breast milk (checking) and for morphological studies was rammed at periods 1, 3, 7, 14, 21, 30, 60 90 days following birth...
2015: Experimental & Clinical Gastroenterology
M Khotchava, E Lashkhi, T Jokhtaberidze, I Shalamberidze
Ceftriaxone is a third generation cephalosporin antibiotic and is one of the most often applicable parenteral drug, which has wide antimicrobial activity range. According to the literature gall bladder lithiasis is a complication which is described in the first days of the treatment with this antibiotic. The cases are seen mostly as undergdiagnosed conditions when ultrasound examination is performed due to the abdominal colics. The aim of the study was to observe Cholelithiasis in ceftriaxone-treated patients...
January 2016: Georgian Medical News
Tomohiko Sasaki, Reiko Kunisaki, Hiroto Kinoshita, Hideaki Kimura, Teruaki Kodera, Akinori Nozawa, Akiho Hanzawa, Naomi Shibata, Hiromi Yonezawa, Eiji Miyajima, Satoshi Morita, Shoichi Fujii, Kazushi Numata, Katsuaki Tanaka, Masanori Tanaka, Shin Maeda
BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease (CD) is routinely evaluated using clinical symptoms, laboratory variables, and the CD activity index (CDAI). However, clinical parameters are often nonspecific and do not precisely reflect the actual activity of CD small-intestinal lesions. The purposes of this prospective study were to compare color Doppler ultrasound (US) findings with histological findings from surgically resected specimens and confirm the hypothesis that color Doppler US can distinguish tissue inflammation and fibrosis...
June 14, 2014: BMC Research Notes
Grzegorz Wystrychowski, Ewa Zukowska-Szczechowska, Ewa Obuchowicz, Władysław Grzeszczak, Antoni Wystrychowski
The U.S. prevalence of obesity increases since the mid-70s of the 20th century. Around that time high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS)--mixture of fructose and glucose was introduced as a sweetener replacing sucrose in the food production. HFCS containing 55% fructose and 42-45% glucose (HFCS55) has dominated the American soft drink industry and HFCS has recently become commonly used in Poland. The coincidence of HFCS introduction and obesity epidemic raised widely publicized suspicions of a causal relationship between the two...
2012: Przegla̧d Lekarski
Jagmohan Mishra, Souvagya Panigrahi
It is known that at least 90% of duodenal ulcers are caused by infection with the bacterium Helicobacter pylori. Eradicating this organism usually results in complete resolution of the disease (Rosengren, Br J Gen Pract 46(409):491-492, 1996). To study the different changes if any in stomach wall at sites other than the ulcer in chronic duodenal ulcer patients by upper Gastro-Intenstinal Endoscopy followed by histopathological examination of different parts of stomach. This study was a retrospective study conducted in the Department of General surgery, V...
August 2011: Indian Journal of Surgery
A V Gordeets, E N Iurusova, A N Smagina, S L Piskunova
Characteristics of the clinical process and immunological profile in children with yersiniosis as a monoinfection or in association with acute intenstinal infections and virus hepatitis A are presented. The efficacy of the immunotropic therapy with cycloferon, an interferon inductor, and recombinant interferon in the patients with the viral and bacterial association of the disease (yersiniosis + hepatitis A) and initial disbalance of the serum cytokines was estimated. Dependence of the interferon clinicolaboratory efficacy on the initial levels of serum y-interferon, IL2 and IIA, promoting shorter terms of hyperthermia, diarrhea syndrome and cytolysis syndrome was shown...
2011: Antibiotiki i Khimioterapii︠a︡, Antibiotics and Chemoterapy [sic]
Piotr Buda, Anna Wieteska-Klimczak, Janusz Ksiazyk, Anna Smorczewska-Kiljan, Piotr Gietka, Barbara Czartoryska, Anna Tylki-Szymańska
Fabry disease is a rare X-linked recessive lysosomal storage disorder caused by deficiency of lysosomal enzyme alpha-galactosidase, which leads to accumulation of globotriasylceramides (GL-3) in visceral tissues and vascular endothelium, causing multi-organ failure. We presenta case of Fabry disease in a 17-year-old patient with mainly gastrointestinal manifestations, diagnosed 10 years after the manifestation of first symptoms. Significant and progressive weight loss with abdominal pain and vomiting, leading to cachexia, were observed in early childhood...
January 2011: Medycyna Wieku Rozwojowego
Joanna Szewczyk, Anna Bajon
Despite of enormous advance in minimally invasive surgery which is almost scarless nowadays, there is still very important emotional issue for patients connected with each surgical procedure. One of the most stressful surgical procedures for patients is the one which ends up with stomia exposure. The main objective of this article is to point out very the important factor which leads to decrease the number of complications, speeds up recovery and acceptation of the stomia by patients. This factor is known as a professional nursing care...
May 2009: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Marta Jóźwiak-Bebenista, Katarzyna Bednarek, Jerzy Z Nowak
Nowadays, stroke is the most frequent cause of adult disability and death of the elderly. In most cases, the etiology of stroke involves cerebral ischemia. Ischemia-induced changes in the brain tissue lead not only to its degeneration, but also to significant activation of cellular mechanisms which protect the affected cells from damage. One such mechanism is the expression of endogenous neuroprotective substances, for example pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) and vasoactive intenstinal peptide (VIP), whose properties were investigated recently...
2008: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
José Manuel Pérez de la Lastra, José de la Fuente
NF-kappaB has been found to play roles in many different compartments of the immune system during differentiation of immune cells and development of lymphoid organs and during immune activation. The activity of NF-kappaB is primarily regulated by a family of structurally related proteins known as the IkappaB proteins. Herein, we report the molecular cloning and characterisation of a griffon vulture (Gyps fulvus) orthologue of the alpha inhibitor of NF-kappaB (IkappaBalpha). The full-length cDNA consists of 1553 bp with an ORF encoding a 313 amino acids protein (GenBank accession number EU161944)...
April 15, 2008: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Bhavik Anil Patel, Xiaochun Bian, Veronika Quaiserová-Mocko, James J Galligan, Greg M Swain
A diamond microelectrode was used to sensitively, reproducibly and stably record overflow of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, serotonin) from enterochromaffin cells (EC) of the intenstinal mucosal layer. 5-HT is an important neurotransmitter and paracrine signalling molecule in the gastrointestinal tract. The diamond microelectrode was formed by overcoating a sharpened 76 microm diameter Pt wire with a thin layer of conducting diamond. After insulation with polypropylene, the conically-shaped microelectrode had a diameter of about 10 microm at the tip and 80 microm at the cylindrical portion...
January 2007: Analyst
F S Fluer, G G Kuznetsova, S Iu Batishcheva, V N Matushevskaia, G A Donskaia
The treatment method of disbios suffered by patients with syndrome of irritated intestines with constipations was under research. The method was based on introduction of sour-milk beverage with addition of beet pectin in a dietary intake. The comparison product was kefir. The following developments were detected against the positive dynamics of clinical symptoms: improvement of microbiocenosis structure, reduction of potentially pathogenic germs, inhibition of pathogenic properties of enterotoxigenic Staphylococcus aureus...
2006: Voprosy Pitaniia
R J Sutherland, A R Clarkson
Outbreaks of diarrhoea in two groups of aged 4 to 6 weeks were ascribed to giardiasis, although Cryptosporidia were also present. In all, 45 out of 65 kids were affected, two animals died, and the remainder eventually recovered. Aspects of the epidemiology and diagnosis of giardiasis are discussed. Air dried smears prepared from small intenstinal mucosa, intestinal contents, or freshly-voided faeces proved to be suitable for making a diagnosis, and are the recommended sample when laboratory examination will be delayed beyond a few hours...
March 1984: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
Marie Solignac
ADVANTAGES AND INCONVENIENCIES OF TRANSDERMAL SYSTEMS: Regarding the advantages, one notes the reduction or even suppression of the gastro-intenstinal disorders related to the oral administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs), the absence of first pass hepatic effect and the better control of the quantities administered of a strong acting drug. Regarding the inconveniencies, one should bear in mind the impossibility of administering or the diffusion of high doses of irritant or sensitizing molecules on the skin...
August 28, 2004: La Presse Médicale
H Ia Kleveta, L S Starykovych, Ia P Chaĭka, T V Vyhovs'ka, H M Pauk, L O Datsiuk, O V Trykulenko, M M Velykyĭ, H V Donchenko, I V Kuz'menko
The long-term influence of low X-ray irradiation increases lipid peroxidation (LP) in radiosensitive (bone marrow, enterocytes of small intenstine) and in relatively radioresistant blood cells (erythrocytes). The activation of antioxidant system enzymes in observed cells does not decrease LP intensity. We concluded that additional administration of alpha-tocopherol provided the decrease of the first and end products of LP in the observed tissues mostly in the beginning of the experiment. Antioxidant effect of the preparation is more significant in cells with high proliferative activity but normal activity of enzymes was not determined...
November 2003: Ukraïnsʹkyĭ Biokhimichnyĭ Z︠h︡urnal
P van Leeuwen, J M V M Mouwen, J D van der Klis, M W A Verstegen
1. Three experiments were performed to relate morphological characteristics of the small intestinal mucosal surface to age, dietary factors, small intenstinal microflora and performance of broilers. Characterisation of the small intestinal mucosal surface using a dissecting microscope was based on the orientation of the villi, villus shape and the presence of convoluted villi. 2. In Trial 1, the morphological changes of the mucosal surface were studied weekly in the period from 7 to 28 d of age. At d 7 mainly tongue- and leaf-shaped villi together with some ridge-shaped ones were observed in the middle section of the small intestine, displaying a regular zigzag pattern on 53% of the mucosal surface...
February 2004: British Poultry Science
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1959: L' Ospedale Maggiore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1960: Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine
A Szaflarska-Szczepanik, M Czerwionka-Szaflarska
BACKGROUND: In view of the considerable changes that have taken place in the last 20 years in the clinical picture of celiac disease, epidemiological research is now underway to search for atypical forms, which are appearing with growing frequency; if not treated, they cause a deterioration in the quality of life of these patients. The goal of our research was to identify the frequency of occurrence of celiac disease among the parents of children with the disease and to analyze the clinical picture in these cases...
September 2001: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
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