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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038757/complete-mitochondrial-genome-sequences-of-the-northern-spotted-owl-strix-occidentalis-caurina-and-the-barred-owl-strix-varia-aves-strigiformes-strigidae-confirm-the-presence-of-a-duplicated-control-region
#1
Zachary R Hanna, James B Henderson, Anna B Sellas, Jérôme Fuchs, Rauri C K Bowie, John P Dumbacher
We report here the successful assembly of the complete mitochondrial genomes of the northern spotted owl (Strix occidentalis caurina) and the barred owl (S. varia). We utilized sequence data from two sequencing methodologies, Illumina paired-end sequence data with insert lengths ranging from approximately 250 nucleotides (nt) to 9,600 nt and read lengths from 100-375 nt and Sanger-derived sequences. We employed multiple assemblers and alignment methods to generate the final assemblies. The circular genomes of S...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028524/sleep-health-assessment-a-scale-validation
#2
Nathália Brandolim Becker, Rute Isabel Santos Martins, Saul de Neves Jesus, Roberto Chiodelli, Michael Stephen Rieber
Sleep health is a new and important concept. Considering the need to expand the research on sleep from the health perspective, this research proposes to validate a Sleep Health Scale (SHS) for use with the Portuguese adult population. A sample of 540 community-dwelling adults aged 18-90 years old was included. The SHS scores ranged from 0 to 30 with a mean of 19.09 (SD ± 6.49). The distribution indicated that all socio demographic variables (age, gender, and literacy) influenced sleep health. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) demonstrated one factor for this measurement model with poor indices (Chi-square (df) = 55...
October 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026507/face-and-content-validity-of-the-macarthur-competence-assessment-tool-for-the-treatment-of-iranian-patients
#3
Ali Saber, Seyed Mahmoud Tabatabaei, Godarz Akasheh, Mojtaba Sehat, Zahra Zanjani, Bagher Larijani
BACKGROUND: There is not a valid Persian tool for measuring the decision-making competency of patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate the face and content validity of the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool for the treatment of Iranian Persian-speaking patients. METHODS: To assess the validity of the Persian version of the tool, a self-administrated questionnaire was designed. The Lawshe method was also used for assessing each item. Content validity ratio (CVR) and content validity index (CVI) were used to assess the content validity quantitatively...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022214/two-new-species-of-trouessartia-canestrini-1899-astigmata-trouessartiidae-from-passeriform-birds-in-brazil
#4
Fabio A Hernandes
Two new feather mite species of the genus Trouessartia Canestrini, 1899 (Analgoidea: Trouessartiidae) are described from passerines (Aves: Passeriformes) in Brazil: T. calcealgiana n. sp. from Philydor atricapillus (Wied) (Furnariidae), and T. gigaphallus n. sp. from Tyrannus melancholicus Vieillot (Tyrannidae). Both species have unique features, such as the large hook-like seta sR on trochanters III in T. calcealgiana, and the large male genitalia in T. gigaphallus, which are at least twice as long as normally found in most species of Trouessartia...
October 11, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986626/results-of-transurethral-resection-of-the-prostate-in-renal-transplant-recipients-a-single-center-experience
#5
Mehmet Sarier, Sabri Tekin, İbrahim Duman, Yucel Yuksel, Meltem Demir, Furkan Alptekinkaya, Mehmet Guler, Asuman Havva Yavuz, Alim Kosar
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the early and long-term results of renal transplantation (RT) patients undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) due to benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-nine patients with RT performed in our hospital underwent TURP between November 2008 and March 2016. Results were evaluated along with early and long-term complications. Patients were followed up for a minimum of 12 months...
October 6, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980235/neuroendocrine-control-of-broodiness
#6
Takeshi Ohkubo
In the majority of vertebrates, survival of offspring to sexual maturation is important for increasing population size, and parental investment in the young is important for reproductive success. Consequently, parental care is critical for the survival of offspring in many species, and many vertebrates have adapted this behavior to their social and ecological environments. Parental care is defined as any behavior that is performed in association with one's offspring (Rosenblatt, Mayer, Siegel. Maternal behavior among nonprimate mammals...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980229/development-and-preservation-of-avian-sperm
#7
Atsushi Asano, Atsushi Tajima
Terminally differentiated avian sperm consist of a head which male genetic material locates and flagellum that provides the motive force to propel them towards the fertilization site. The apical end of the sperm head accommodates a secretory vesicle, called an acrosome, that undergoes acrosome reaction releasing proteolytic content to penetrate the peri-vitelline membrane of an egg. Transcriptionally and translationally inactive, sperm need to rely on these distinct compartments in which different functions are preassembled, in order to achieve the goal of "fertilization"...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977250/parasites-of-the-southern-silvery-grebe-podiceps-occipitalis-aves-podicipedidae-in-chile
#8
Daniel González-Acuña, Sebastián Llanos-Soto, Carlos Landaeta-Aqueveque, Felipe González, John Mike Kinsella, Sergey Mironov, Armando Cicchino, Carlos Barrientos, Gonzalo Torres-Fuentes, Lucila Moreno
A total of 97 southern silvery grebes (Podiceps occipitalis), which died as the result of an oil spill on the coast of central Chile, were examined for ecto- and endoparasites. Two lice species including Aquanirmus rollandii (Philopteridae) and Pseudomenopon dolium (Menoponidae) were found from 6.2% (6/97) of birds. In 91.7% (89/97) of cases, grebes were infected with some kind of helminths. Three species of gastrointestinal helminths were detected: Eucoleus contortus (Nematoda), Profilicollis bullocki (Acanthocephala), and Confluaria sp...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967042/a-systematic-review-of-leptospirosis-on-wild-animals-in-latin-america
#9
REVIEW
Anahi S Vieira, Priscila S Pinto, Walter Lilenbaum
Leptospirosis is a bacterial systemic infection which affects domestic animals and wildlife, as well as humans. Many wild animals act as reservoirs of leptospires. Nevertheless, the real role of wildlife animals as source of infection to livestock and humans, as well as the most important reservoirs and leptospiral strains remains unclear. This systematic review assesses the available data about wildlife and their biomes in Latin America, concerning to leptospiral infection. In addition, we discuss the development of the research on leptospirosis in wildlife in this region...
October 1, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946996/motion-rehab-ave-3d-a-vr-based-exergame-for-post-stroke-rehabilitation
#10
Mateus Trombetta, Patrícia Paula Bazzanello Henrique, Manoela Rogofski Brum, Eliane Lucia Colussi, Ana Carolina Bertoletti De Marchi, Rafael Rieder
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Recent researches about games for post-stroke rehabilitation have been increasing, focusing in upper limb, lower limb and balance situations, and showing good experiences and results. With this in mind, this paper presents Motion Rehab AVE 3D, a serious game for post-stroke rehabilitation of patients with mild stroke. The aim is offer a new technology in order to assist the traditional therapy and motivate the patient to execute his/her rehabilitation program, under health professional supervision...
November 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943375/independent-pseudogenization-of-cyp2j19-in-penguins-owls-and-kiwis-implicates-gene-in-red-carotenoid-synthesis
#11
Christopher A Emerling
Carotenoids have important roles in bird behavior, including pigmentation for sexual signaling and improving color vision via retinal oil droplets. Yellow carotenoids are diet-derived, but red carotenoids (ketocarotenoids) are typically synthesized from yellow precursors via a carotenoid ketolase. Recent research on passerines has provided evidence that a cytochrome p450 enzyme, CYP2J19, is responsible for this reaction, though it is unclear if this function is phylogenetically restricted. Here I provide evidence that CYP2J19 is the carotenoid ketolase common to Aves using the genomes of 65 birds and the retinal transcriptomes of 15 avian taxa...
September 21, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938770/application-of-bacteriophages-to-reduce-salmonella-contamination-on-workers-boots-in-rendering-processing-environment
#12
C Gong, X Jiang, J Wang
Workers' boots are considered one of the re-contamination routes of Salmonella for rendered meals in the rendering-processing environment. This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of a bacteriophage cocktail for reducing Salmonella on workers' boots and ultimately for preventing Salmonella re-contamination of rendered meals. Under laboratory conditions, biofilms of Salmonella Typhimurium avirulent strain 8243 formed on rubber templates or boots were treated with a bacteriophage cocktail of 6 strains (ca...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906012/pacbio-metabarcoding-of-fungi-and-other-eukaryotes-errors-biases-and-perspectives
#13
Leho Tedersoo, Ave Tooming-Klunderud, Sten Anslan
Second-generation, high-throughput sequencing methods have greatly improved our understanding of the ecology of soil microorganisms, yet the short barcodes (< 500 bp) provide limited taxonomic and phylogenetic information for species discrimination and taxonomic assignment. Here, we utilized the third-generation Pacific Biosciences (PacBio) RSII and Sequel instruments to evaluate the suitability of full-length internal transcribed spacer (ITS) barcodes and longer rRNA gene amplicons for metabarcoding Fungi, Oomycetes and other eukaryotes in soil samples...
September 14, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905992/the-vertebrate-heart-an-evolutionary-perspective
#14
REVIEW
Andrea Stephenson, Justin W Adams, Mauro Vaccarezza
Convergence is the tendency of independent species to evolve similarly when subjected to the same environmental conditions. The primitive blueprint for the circulatory system emerged around 700-600 Mya and exhibits diverse physiological adaptations across the radiations of vertebrates (Subphylum Vertebrata, Phylum Chordata). It has evolved from the early chordate circulatory system with a single layered tube in the tunicate (Subphylum Urchordata) or an amphioxus (Subphylum Cephalochordata), to a vertebrate circulatory system with a two-chambered heart made up of one atrium and one ventricle in gnathostome fish (Infraphylum Gnathostomata), to a system with a three-chambered heart made up of two atria which maybe partially divided or completely separated in amphibian tetrapods (Class Amphibia)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890818/individualized-4-dimensional-computed-tomography-proton-treatment-for-pancreatic-tumors
#15
Matthew L Knecht, Ning Wang, April Vassantachart, Rachel Mifflin, Jerry D Slater, Gary Y Yang
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study is to determine whether a phase or reconstruction of a 10-phase 4 dimensional computed tomography (4D CT) scan can be used as the primary planning scan for proton treatment of the pancreas, thus eliminating the need for second a slow CT or free breathing CT. METHODS: Ten patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma were simulated with 4D CT and a proton treatment plan generated based upon one of three primary planning scans, the T0 phase, T50 phase or average reconstruction...
August 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886569/dna-incision-evaluation-binding-investigation-and-biocidal-screening-of-cu-ii-ni-ii-and-co-ii-complexes-with-isoxazole-schiff-bases
#16
Nirmala Ganji, Vijay Kumar Chityala, Pradeep Kumar Marri, Rambabu Aveli, Vamsikrishna Narendrula, Sreenu Daravath, Shivaraj
Two new series of binary metal complexes [M(L(1))2] and [M(L(2))2] where, M=Cu(II), Ni(II) & Co(II) and L(1)=4-((3,4-dimethylisoxazol-5-ylimino)methyl)benzene-1,3-diol; L(2)=2-((3,4-dimethylisoxazol-5-ylimino)methyl)-5-methoxyphenol were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, FT-IR, ESI mass, UV-Visible, magnetic moment, ESR, SEM and powder XRD studies. Based on these results, a square planar geometry is assigned for all the metal complexes where the Schiff base acts as uninegatively charged bidentate chelating agent via the hydroxyl oxygen and azomethine nitrogen atoms...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871028/the-role-of-pragmatism-in-explaining-heterogeneity-in-meta-analyses-of-randomised-trials-a-protocol-for-a-cross-sectional-methodological-review
#17
Theresa Aves, Katherine S Allan, Daeria Lawson, Robby Nieuwlaat, Joseph Beyene, Lawrence Mbuagbaw
INTRODUCTION: There has been increasing interest in pragmatic trials methodology. As a result, tools such as the Pragmatic-Explanatory Continuum Indicator Summary-2 (PRECIS-2) are being used prospectively to help researchers design randomised controlled trials (RCTs) within the pragmatic-explanatory continuum. There may be value in applying the PRECIS-2 tool retrospectively in a systematic review setting as it could provide important information about how to pool data based on the degree of pragmatism...
September 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867265/implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-implantation-rates-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-are-the-rates-guideline-concordant
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Edwin C Ho, Sheldon Cheskes, Paul Angaran, Laurie J Morrison, Theresa Aves, Cathy Zhan, Dennis T Ko, Paul Dorian
BACKGROUND: Clinical practice guidelines recommend implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) for the secondary prevention of sudden death after a cardiac arrest not from a reversible cause, but "real world" implantation rates are not well described. METHODS: Adults with out of hospital cardiac arrest attended by Emergency Medical Services are captured in the Toronto Regional RescuNET database. We analyzed those who survived to hospital discharge and collected data on age, sex, initial rhythm, ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) on presenting electrocardiogram (ECG), in-hospital revascularization, neurologic status (Modified Rankin Scale [MRS]) at discharge, and admission hospital type...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863140/crumble-analysis-of-the-historic-sympatric-distribution-between-dendrortyx-macroura-and-d-barbatus-aves-galliformes
#19
Claudio Mota-Vargas, Jorge Galindo-González, Octavio R Rojas-Soto
In Mexico, the Long-tailed Wood-Partridge (Dendrortyx macroura) is distributed in the mountains of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt, Sierra Madre del Sur and Sierra Norte de Oaxaca; while the Bearded Wood-Partridge (D. barbatus) is distributed in the Sierra Madre Oriental (SMO). There is a controversial overlap in distribution (sympatry) between these two species (on the Cofre de Perote and Pico de Orizaba volcanoes, SMO and Sierra Norte de Oaxaca), based on the ambiguity and current lack of information regarding the distribution of these two species...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860947/article-watch-september-2017
#20
Clive A Slaughter
This column highlights recently published articles that are of interest to the readership of this publication. We encourage ABRF members to forward information on articles they feel are important and useful to Clive Slaughter, MCG-UGA Medical Partnership, 1425 Prince Ave., Athens GA 30606, USA. Tel: (706) 713-2216; Fax: (706) 713-2221; E-mail; cslaught@uga.edu, or to any member of the editorial board. Article summaries reflect the reviewer's opinions and not necessarily those of the association.
September 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Techniques: JBT
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