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Manuel Martin-Flores, Daniel M Sakai, Luis Campoy, Robin D Gleed
OBJECTIVE: To analyze practice habits associated with the use, reversal and monitoring of nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) in dogs by different groups of veterinarians. STUDY DESIGN: Online anonymous survey to veterinarians. POPULATION: Data from 390 answered surveys. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to e-mail list servers of the American College of Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia (ACVAA-list), Sociedad Española de Anestesia y Analgesia Veterinaria (SEEAV-list), Colégio Brasileiro de Anestesiologia Veterinária (Brazilian College of Veterinary Anesthesiology; CBAV-list) and American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists (ACVO-list) to elicit information regarding use of NMBAs and reversal agents, monitoring techniques, criteria for redosing, reversing and assessing adequacy of recovery of neuromuscular function...
March 23, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
A Lang, G Wirth, H Gasse
The surface architecture of the equine telencephalon is far more complex and complicated than, for example, that of the carnivore's brain, and basic organization patterns are more difficult to recognize. This is due to species differences, to interindividual variations and even to asymmetries between right and left hemispheres. Moreover, a very heterogeneous anatomical terminology, especially in the pioneering older literature, does not allow easy access to a unanimous topographical orientation. This review article presents the key features of this heterogeneity and its anatomical and terminological backgrounds, focusing on the cerebral sulci...
March 14, 2018: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
Alonso Reyes-Matute, Adriana Méndez-Bernal, Liliana-Aurora Ramos-Garduño
Osteosarcomas are unusual neoplasms in African hedgehogs ( Atelerix albiventris ) and have been reported in extraskeletal and skeletal locations, including mandible, ribs, and vertebra. Five hedgehogs with osteosarcoma submitted to the Pathology Department at Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, National Autonomous University of Mexico are reported. In two cases, the neoplasm arose from the skull; one case arose from the ribs with associated compression of the thoracic and abdominal cavity, and another case involved the vertebrae...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
María Del Carmen Davó-Blanes, Carmen Vives-Cases, Belén Huerta
OBJECTIVE: To reach a consensus among public health faculty from various Spanish universities about the core public health competencies that should be integrated into the Veterinary Medicine degree training. METHODS: The 3rd Forum of University Professors of Public Health was held at the School of Veterinary Medicine of the University of Cordoba (12-13 January 2016). Forty-two university professors and lecturers from nine Spanish universities with veterinary degrees participated in the forum...
April 19, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
Katarína Vdoviaková, Katarína Vdoviaková, Eva Petrovová, Lenka Krešáková, Marcela Maloveská, Jana Teleky, Janka Jenčová, Jozef Živčák, Andrej Jenča
BACKGROUND The laboratory rat is one of the most popular experimental models for the experimental surgery of the liver. The objective of this study was to investigate the morphometric parameters, physiological data, differences in configuration of liver lobes, biliary system, and vasculature (arteries, veins, and lymphatic vessels) of the liver in laboratory rats. In addition, this study supports the anatomic literature and identified similarities and differences with human and other mammals. MATERIAL AND METHODS Forty laboratory rats were dissected to prepare corrosion casts of vascular system specimens (n=20), determine the lymph vessels and lymph nodes (n=10), and for macroscopic anatomical dissection (n=10) of the rat liver...
December 2, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Carlo Signorelli, Anna Odone, Daniela Bianco, Natalia Di Vivo, Francesco Bevere
Il dato dell'Organizzazione per la cooperazione e lo sviluppo economico (OCSE) del 2012, che indicava l'Italia come il Paese con la più bassa spesa in prevenzione sanitaria, ha dato lo spunto per una raccolta sistematica e un'analisi critica dei flussi disponibili sulla spesa per le attività di prevenzione in Italia. Le statistiche correnti di spesa sanitaria sono raccolte centralmente dall'Agenzia nazionale per i servizi sanitari regionali (Agenas) attraverso i modelli di rilevazione dei costi dei livelli essenziali di assistenza (LEA) delle aziende USL...
September 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
D C Leite, J B Pinheiro, J B Campos, A O Di Mauro, S H Unêda-Trevisoli
The present study was undertaken to detect and map the quantitative trait loci (QTL) related to soybean oil content. We used 244 progenies derived from a bi-parental cross of the Lineage 69 (from Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho"/Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias - Breeding Program) and Tucunaré cultivar. A total of 358 simple sequence repeat (SSR; microsatellite) markers were used to investigate the polymorphism between the parental lines, and for the polymorphic lines all the F2 individuals were tested...
March 18, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Giovanni Savini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Veterinaria Italiana
Gabriela Fredo, Matheus V Bianchi, Caroline P De Andrade, Suyene O De Souza, Ronaldo V Leite-Filho, Marcele B Bandinelli, Derek B Amorim, David Driemeier, Luciana Sonne
Rangelia vitalii is a piroplasm that infects canines, causing lesions typical of a hemolytic disorder. Two wild canids, a crab-eating fox (Cerdocyon thous) and a Pampas fox (Lycalopex gymnocercus), were presented for necropsy in Setor de Patologia Veterinária at the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil. On gross examination, both animals had pale mucosae and moderate tick infestation (Amblyomma aureolatum). There was severe splenomegaly, and the liver had a diffusely orange-reddish lobular pattern...
October 2015: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
M Uršič, M Vrecl, G Fazarinc
This study presents a detailed description of the distribution, diameters and drainage patterns of hepatic veins on the basis of the corrosion cast analysis in 18 dogs. We classified the hepatic veins in three main groups: the right hepatic veins of the caudate process and right lateral liver lobe, the middle hepatic veins of the right medial and quadrate lobes and the left hepatic veins of both left liver lobes and the papillary process. The corrosion cast study showed that the number of the veins in the Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria and most anatomical textbooks is underestimated...
November 2014: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
D O'Toole, C C L Chase, M M Miller, H Van Campen
The inaugural issue of Pathologia Veterinaria in 1964 contained the first detailed account of lesions in aborted fetuses following natural, experimental, and postvaccinal infection with bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1). The article, written by pathologists Kennedy and Richards, described diagnostic gross and histologic features in 13 bovine fetuses. The authors provided clinical and epidemiologic features of 1 postvaccination outbreak, including the absence of clinical signs in infected dams and the propensity for abortions to occur after 6 months' gestation...
November 2014: Veterinary Pathology
A Pakozdy, C Angerer, A Klang, E H König, A Probst
The terminology of feline brain gyration is not consistent and individual variability has not been systematically examined. The aim of the study was to identify the gyri and sulci of cat brains and describe them using the current terminology. The brains of 15 cats including 10 European shorthairs, 2 Siamese, 2 Maine coons and one Norvegian forest cat without clinical evidence of brain disease were examined post-mortem and photographed for documentation. For description, the terms of the most recent Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria (NAV, 2012) were used, and comparisons with previous anatomical texts were also performed...
December 2015: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
Fernanda Menezes De Oliveira e Silva, Juliana Plácido Guimarães, Jociery Einhardt Vergara-Parente, Vitor Luz Carvalho, Ana Carolina Oliveira De Meirelles, Miriam Marmontel, Juliana Shimara Pires Ferrão, Maria Angelica Miglino
The morphology and location of lymph nodes from seven species of Odontocetes, of both sexes and different age groups, were described. All animals were derived from stranding events along the North and Northeastern coasts of Brazil. After the identification of lymph nodes in situ, tissue samples were analyzed for light and electron microscopy. Vascular volume density (VVD) and vascular length density (VLD) were evaluated in the mesenteric lymph nodes. Lymph nodes occurred as solitary nodules or in groups, varying in shape and size...
May 2014: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
(no author information available yet)
The article by Ma et al. that published in the Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology (2009, 19: 1447-1455) was used the same data in two journal articles (Acta Veterinaria et Zootechnica Sinica, 2009, 40(9): 1320-1326, Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 2009, 42(4): 1406-1412). Therefore, the article is retracted from JMB as a misconduct of the authors. JMB as the publisher regrets for any inconvenience may have caused by the retraction to readers.
2013: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
S Boiocchi, L Vezzoni, A Vezzoni, V Bronzo, F Rossi
OBJECTIVES: The hypothesis of this study was that juvenile pubic symphysiodesis (JPS) results in pelvic changes that can be identified radiographically in adult dogs. METHODS: The medical records at the Clinica Veterinaria Vezzoni were searched for standard ventro-dorsal views of the pelvis of adult Labrador and Golden Retrievers that had undergone JPS or had not undergone surgery. The objective assessment of radiographs included the analysis of various pelvic measurements...
2013: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
Rosangela Zacarias Machado
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2012: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
Rui Diogo, Francisco Pastor, Felix De Paz, Josep M Potau, Gaëlle Bello-Hellegouarch, Eva M Ferrero, Rebecca E Fisher
Here we describe the head and neck muscles of members of the two extant felid subfamilies (Leptailurus serval: Felinae; Panthera tigris: Pantherinae) and compare these muscles with those of other felids, other carnivorans (e.g., domestic dogs), other eutherian mammals (e.g., rats, tree-shrews and modern humans), and noneutherian mammals including monotremes. Another major goal of the article is to discuss and help clarify nomenclatural discrepancies found in the Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria and in veterinary atlases and textbooks that use cats and dogs as models to understand the anatomy of domestic mammals and to stress differences with modern humans...
December 2012: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
Claudius Couto Cabral, Ana Carolina Nunes de Morais, Alba Valéria de Almeida Barcelos Dias, Marcela Garcia Araújo, Wildeberg Cal Moreira, Gláucio Luis Mata Mattos
INTRODUCTION: Rabies is one of the most known lethal zoonosis, responsible for 55,000 human deaths per year. It is transmitted to humans mainly by the bite of domestic or wild animals infected with the virus. This paper shows the circulation of this virus in non-hematophagous bats in the City of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. METHODS: A survey was performed on the number of bats that had been sent for diagnosis by the Seção de Virologia of the Instituto Municipal de Medicina Veterinária Jorge Vaitsman and were positive for rabies...
March 2012: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
G Mogicato, F Conchou, C Layssol-Lamour, F Raharison, J Sautet
The purpose of this study was to provide a clinical anatomy atlas of the feline brain using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Brains of twelve normal cats were imaged using a 1.5 T magnetic resonance unit and an inversion/recovery sequence (T1). Fourteen relevant MRI sections were chosen in transverse, dorsal, median and sagittal planes. Anatomic structures were identified and labelled using anatomical texts and Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria, sectioned specimen heads, and previously published articles. The MRI sections were stained according to the major embryological and anatomical subdivisions of the brain...
April 2012: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
P Oliveira, O Domenech, J Silva, S Vannini, R Bussadori, C Bussadori
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of epidemiology is important for recognition of cardiovascular malformations. OBJECTIVE: Review the incidence of congenital heart defects in dogs in Italy and assess breed and sex predispositions. ANIMALS: Nine hundred and seventy-six dogs diagnosed with congenital heart disease (CHD) of 4,480 dogs presented to Clinica Veterinaria Gran Sasso for cardiovascular examination from 1997 to 2010. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of medical records regarding signalment, history, clinical examination, radiography, electrocardiography, echocardiography, angiography, and postmortem examination was performed...
May 2011: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
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