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exercise and pregnancy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648583/resistance-to-breastfeeding-a-foucauldian-analysis-of-breastfeeding-support-from-health-professionals
#1
Narges Alianmoghaddam, Suzanne Phibbs, Cheryl Benn
BACKGROUND: Despite widespread consensus regarding the health benefits of breastfeeding, the prevalence of six months exclusive breastfeeding is very low in developed countries including New Zealand. AIM: This paper aims to evaluate the role that health professionals play in promoting exclusive breastfeeding in New Zealand. METHODS: Qualitative research involving face to face postpartum interviews conducted four to six weeks after the birth with 30 new mothers who lived in New Zealand and had identified in a short antenatal questionnaire that they intended to practice exclusive breastfeeding for six months...
June 22, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647310/effect-of-a-web-based-positive-psychology-intervention-on-prenatal-well-being-a-case-series-study
#2
Giulia Corno, Ernestina Etchemendy, Macarena Espinoza, Rocío Herrero, Guadalupe Molinari, Alba Carrillo, Constance Drossaert, Rosa Maria Baños
BACKGROUND: Detrimental effects of women's negative feelings during pregnancy have been extensively examined and documented, but research on the influence of positive feelings and protective factors on their prenatal mental health is scarce. Evidence from the positive psychology field has shown that practicing some brief positive exercises, called positive psychology interventions, can maximize well-being by increasing positive emotions, engagement, and meaning. AIM: The aim of this study is to examine the effect of a positive psychology web-based intervention on indices of women's prenatal well-being...
June 21, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644729/promoting-prenatal-exercise-from-a-sociocultural-and-life-course-perspective-an-embodied-conceptual-framework
#3
Shannon Jette, Julie Maier, Katelyn Esmonde, Cherise Davis
PURPOSE: Prenatal exercise is a health behavior that is receiving growing attention amid concern that women in Western societies are gaining excess weight during pregnancy and contributing to future obesity in both the mother and child. In this article, we draw on insights from the fields of social epidemiology and social theory of the body to examine existing prenatal exercise interventions and to propose a multidimensional framework intended to guide future theorizing and intervention design...
June 23, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642655/the-influence-of-passive-tobacco-exposure-and-physical-exercise-on-bone-tissue-of-young-rats
#4
Regina Celi Trindade Camargo, Regiane Rocha Costalonga, Mário Jefferson Quirino Louzada, Rômulo Araújo Fernandes, José Carlos Silva Camargo, Jacqueline Bexiga Urban
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of passive smoking during pregnancy and associated with swimming on bone area growth, bone mineral density (BMD), and bone mineral content (BMC). METHODS: The offspring was grouped by control matrices (G1) and passive smokers (G2). The offspring was regrouped in eight subgroups, with exposure to smoking (2x/day) and physical exercise (1 session/day), respecting the group of matrices in: sedentary control (G1CS and G2CS), swimming control (G1CN and G2CN), sedentary passive smoker (G1FS and G2FS), and passive smoker swimmer (G1FN and G2FN)...
March 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642221/exercise-and-pregnancy-in-recreational-and-elite-athletes-2016-17-evidence-summary-from-the-ioc-expert-group-meeting-lausanne-part-3-exercise-in-the-postpartum-period
#5
Kari Bø, Raul Artal, Ruben Barakat, Wendy J Brown, Gregory A L Davies, Michael Dooley, Kelly R Evenson, Lene A H Haakstad, Bengt Kayser, Tarja I Kinnunen, Karin Larsén, Michelle F Mottola, Ingrid Nygaard, Mireille van Poppel, Britt Stuge, Karim M Khan, Ioc Medical Commission
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639706/exercise-for-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes-for-improving-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes
#6
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Gilles Ceysens, Michel Boulvain
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with both short- and long-term complications for the mother and her baby. Exercise interventions may be useful in helping with glycaemic control and improve maternal and infant outcomes.The original review on Exercise for diabetic pregnant women has been split into two new review titles reflecting the role of exercise for pregnant women with gestational diabetes and for pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes. Exercise for pregnant women with gestational diabetes for improving maternal and fetal outcomes (this review) Exercise for pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes for improving maternal and fetal outcomes OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of exercise interventions for improving maternal and fetal outcomes in women with GDM...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625282/high-intensity-exercise-training-for-improving-reproductive-function-in-infertile-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Behzad Hajizadeh Maleki, Bakhtyar Tartibian
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this RCT was to investigate whether a 24-week program of high-intensity exercise was beneficial for improving reproductive function in infertile male patients. METHODS: Infertile men (n = 433) were randomly assigned to exercise (n = 218) and non-exercise (n = 215) groups. The seminal markers of inflammation and oxidative stress, semen quality parameters, sperm DNA fragmentation, and pregnancy rate were measured at baseline, at the end of week 12, at the end of week 24, and at 7 and 30 days during recovery...
July 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625171/the-association-between-adolescent-psychopathology-and-subsequent-physical-activity-in-young-adulthood-a-21-year-birth-cohort-study
#8
S Suetani, A Mamun, G M Williams, J M Najman, J J McGrath, J G Scott
BACKGROUND: The beneficial effects of physical activity (PA) for both physical and mental wellbeing are well established. Given that adolescence presents a critical developmental period during which life-long patterns of PA become established, the exploration of the longitudinal impact of adolescent psychopathology on adult PA status is of interest. METHODS: We analysed prospective data from 3663 young adults who participated in the Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy...
June 19, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619185/high-prevalence-of-restless-legs-syndrome-willis-ekbom-disease-rls-wed-among-people-living-at-high-altitude-in-the-indian-himalaya
#9
Ravi Gupta, Jan Ulfberg, Richard P Allen, Deepak Goel
BACKGROUND: At high altitude, prevalence of restless legs syndrome has been found to be greater than expected in small population-based studies, which did not use validated tools for identification of RLS. However, it is not known as to whether this increased prevalence is associated with altitude or increased risk factors for RLS in these populations or errors in identification of RLS. METHOD: This population based, door-to-door study was conducted at low altitude (400 m above sea level) and high altitudes (1900-2000 m and 3200 m above sea level) using random stratified sampling in Himalayan and sub-Himalayan region of India...
July 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615996/international-society-of-sports-nutrition-position-stand-safety-and-efficacy-of-creatine-supplementation-in-exercise-sport-and-medicine
#10
REVIEW
Richard B Kreider, Douglas S Kalman, Jose Antonio, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Robert Wildman, Rick Collins, Darren G Candow, Susan M Kleiner, Anthony L Almada, Hector L Lopez
Creatine is one of the most popular nutritional ergogenic aids for athletes. Studies have consistently shown that creatine supplementation increases intramuscular creatine concentrations which may help explain the observed improvements in high intensity exercise performance leading to greater training adaptations. In addition to athletic and exercise improvement, research has shown that creatine supplementation may enhance post-exercise recovery, injury prevention, thermoregulation, rehabilitation, and concussion and/or spinal cord neuroprotection...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609470/physical-fitness-and-plasma-leptin-in-women-with-recent-gestational-diabetes
#11
C Gar, M Rottenkolber, H Grallert, F Banning, I Freibothe, V Sacco, C Wichmann, S Reif, A Potzel, V Dauber, C Schendell, N N Sommer, B Wolfarth, J Seissler, A Lechner, U Ferrari
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Low physical fitness (PF) is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). Women with a history of gestational diabetes (GDM) are at risk for T2D at a young age, but the role of PF in this population is not clear. PF has also been found to correlate inversely with plasma leptin in previous studies. Here, we examine whether women who had GDM have lower PF than women after a normoglycemic pregnancy and, second, whether PF is associated with plasma leptin, independently of body fat mass...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601803/community-based-exercise-interventions-during-pregnancy-are-perceived-as-a-satisfactory-and-motivating-form-of-exercise-engagement
#12
Lizzie Ette
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 10, 2017: Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598132/-effect-of-sleep-in-early-pregnancy-on-gestational-diabetes-a-prospective-study
#13
Feng-Ming Zhou, Liu-Qing Yang, Rong-Ping Zhao, Dan Liu, Run Li, Yue Wang, Zheng-Yan Dai, Jing Liu, Ju Zhang, Rong Zhou, Guo Zeng
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the influence of sleep status in early pregnant women on the occurrence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: In this prospective study,542 pregnant women in early pregnancy were selected as subjects.The sleep time,insomnia,pre-gestational body mass and basic information of the subjects were collected by the trained investigators through questionnaire.At the 24(th) to 28(th) pregnant week,the body mass of each subject was measured and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was conducted...
November 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597475/program-considerations-for-integration-of-nutrition-and-family-planning-beliefs-around-maternal-diet-and-breastfeeding-within-the-context-of-the-nutrition-transition-in-egypt
#14
Justine A Kavle, Sohair Mehanna, Ghada Khan, Mohamed Hassan, Gulsen Saleh, Cyril Engmann
In Egypt, rising maternal overweight and obesity is consistent with the transition to westernized diets and a growing reliance on energy-dense, low nutrient foods. Although the first 1,000 days of life are the focus of many programmes designed to prevent many forms of malnutrition, little attention has been paid to maternal dietary practices and weight gain during pregnancy. This study used in-depth interviews with pregnant women (N = 40), lactating women (N = 40), and nonlactating women (N = 40) to gain an understanding of behaviours, perceptions, and cultural beliefs in relation to maternal dietary intake during pregnancy, lactation, and nonlactation; weight gain during pregnancy; birth spacing; and family planning...
June 8, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591368/dna-damage-in-wistar-kyoto-rats-exercised-during-pregnancy
#15
Mikaela da Silva Corrêa, Rafael Bottaro Gelaleti, Giovana Fernanda Bento, Débora Cristina Damasceno, José Carlos Peraçoli
Purpose: To evaluate DNA damage levels in pregnant rats undergoing a treadmill exercise program. Methods: Wistar Kyoto rats were allocated into two groups (n= 5 animals/group): non-exercise and exercise. The pregnant rats were underwent an exercise protocol on a treadmill throughout pregnancy. Exercise intensity was set at 50% of maximal capacity during maximal exercise testing performed before mating. Body weight, blood pressure and glucose levels, and triglyceride concentration were measured during pregnancy...
May 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589648/effects-of-exercise-based-interventions-on-postpartum-depression-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
REVIEW
Raquel Poyatos-León, Antonio García-Hermoso, Gema Sanabria-Martínez, Celia Álvarez-Bueno, Iván Cavero-Redondo, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno
BACKGROUND: There is inconsistent evidence about the effect of physical activity on the prevention and treatment of depression during the postnatal period. The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine the effect of physical activity interventions during pregnancy and the postpartum period for controlling postpartum depressive symptoms. METHODS: We systematically searched Cochrane Library Plus, Science Direct, EMBASE, CINAHL, PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus, from January 1990 to May 2016, for randomized or nonrandomized controlled trials addressing the effect of physical activity on postpartum depression...
June 6, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588804/peripartum-cardiomyopathy-what-if-your-patient-plans-to-reconceive
#17
Rashed Al Bannay, Aysha Husain, Zainab AlJufairi
Patients with peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) often express a desire to conceive again, and the risk of relapse in future pregnancies should be disclosed. No consensus is available that can determine that risk. Adequate contractile reserve, evidenced by a stress echocardiogram (exercise or dobutamine), can identify those with lower relapse risk.
June 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583101/healthcare-interventions-for-the-prevention-and-control-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-china-a-scoping-review
#18
Tingting Xu, Yasheng He, Livia Dainelli, Kai Yu, Patrick Detzel, Irma Silva-Zolezzi, Sheri Volger, Hai Fang
BACKGROUND: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is a type of diabetes which occurs during pregnancy. Women with GDM are at greater risk of complications during pregnancy and delivery, while babies born from mothers with GDM are at greater risk of post-natal complications. Using the most updated diagnosis criteria, the GDM prevalence is estimated at 9.3-25.5% worldwide and 9.3-18.9% in China. Our objective was to identify healthcare interventions aimed at GDM prevention and control in China...
June 5, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579865/adaptation-of-maternal-fetal-physiology-to-exercise-in-pregnancy-the-basis-of-guidelines-for-physical-activity-in-pregnancy
#19
REVIEW
Edward R Newton, Linda May
Only 50 years ago obstetric care providers and women had many concerns regarding whether exercise during pregnancy created a harmful competition for substrate resources between the fetus and the mother. Animal and human research in the past 50 years, which includes acute and chronic aerobic exercise during pregnancy, has a reassuring margin of safety throughout gestation in women. Maternal physiology adapts to pregnancy changes involving the cardiorespiratory and glucometabolic alterations. Due to these changes, pregnant women have slight differences in response to acute exercise sessions...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579622/physical-exercise-during-pregnancy-how-active-are-pregnant-women-in-germany-and-how-well-informed
#20
Thorsten Schmidt, Thorsten Heilmann, Luisa Savelsberg, Nicolai Maass, Burkhard Weisser, Christel Eckmann-Scholz
INTRODUCTION: There is sufficient evidence showing the positive effects of physical exercise on various aspects of pregnancy. This study evaluates knowledge and status of physical exercise among pregnant women. METHODS: The standardised paper-pencil questionnaire "Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire" (PPAQ) as well as general demographic questions were used to assess the exercise behaviour of study participants. 83 questionnaires completed by women presenting to the Kiel University Hospital for antenatal assessment were included in the analysis...
May 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
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