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exercise and pregnancy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226153/the-exercise-induced-irisin-is-associated-with-improved-levels-of-glucose-homeostasis-markers-in-pregnant-women-participating-in-8-week-prenatal-group-fitness-program-a-pilot-study
#1
Anna Szumilewicz, Aneta Worska, Magdalena Piernicka, Agnieszka Kuchta, Jakub Kortas, Zbigniew Jastrzębski, Łukasz Radzimiński, Joanna Jaworska, Katarzyna Micielska, Ewa Ziemann
Background: Both exercise and pregnancy influence serum irisin concentration. Aim: To determine how the interaction of pregnancy and exercise affects irisin level and whether various patterns of exercise adherence had different effect on irisin concentration. Methods: It was a one-group pretest-posttest study among 9 Caucasian nulliparous healthy women in normal pregnancy (age 23 ± 3 years, 21 ± 2 weeks of gestation; mean ± SD) who participated in 8-week group fitness program...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214130/measuring-adherence-to-a-nutrition-and-exercise-lifestyle-intervention-is-program-adherence-related-to-excessive-gestational-weight-gain
#2
Taniya S Nagpal, Harry Prapavessis, Christina Campbell, Michelle F Mottola
To identify adherence required to achieve target health outcome(s) in nutrition and/or exercise interventions, a measurement tool that tracks objective and self-reported measures of adherence is necessary. The purpose of this study was to design an adherence measurement tool and test it retrospectively on the Nutrition and Exercise Lifestyle Intervention Program (NELIP; Ruchat et al., Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 44(8), 1419-1426, 2012; Mottola et al., Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 42(2), 265-272, 2010), designed to prevent excessive gestational weight gain (EGWG)...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202069/the-evolution-of-socioeconomic-status-related-inequalities-in-maternal-health-care-utilization-evidence-from-zimbabwe-1994-2011
#3
Marshall Makate, Clifton Makate
Background: Inequalities in maternal health care are pervasive in the developing world, a fact that has led to questions about the extent of these disparities across socioeconomic groups. Despite a growing literature on maternal health across Sub-Saharan African countries, relatively little is known about the evolution of these inequalities over time for specific countries. This study sought to quantify and explain the observed differences in prenatal care use and professional delivery assistance in Zimbabwe...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197879/corticosteroid-induced-leukocytosis-in-pregnancy-a-prospective-observational-study
#4
H Y Voon, M S Leong, C W Li, A Bujang, H Suharjono
BACKGROUND: In the course of managing preterm labour, increasing trends of total white cell count raises concern for the obstetrician, suggesting a possible underlying infectious aetiology. Although mild leukocytosis is expected in pregnancy, the patterns of increment after corticosteroid administration are not well described beyond animal models and in a small number of human studies. METHODS: Seventy-three consecutive patients who required antenatal corticosteroids for either preterm labour or prelabour caesarean section were recruited and given a standard course of 12mg dexamethasone phosphate, twelve hours apart...
October 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196482/do-changing-levels-of-maternal-exercise-during-pregnancy-affect-neonatal-adiposity-secondary-analysis-of-the-babies-after-scope-evaluating-the-longitudinal-impact-using-neurological-and-nutritional-endpoints-baseline-birth-cohort-cork-ireland
#5
Tom Norris, Fergus P McCarthy, Ali S Khashan, Deidre M Murray, Mairead Kiely, Jonathan O'B Hourihane, Philip N Baker, Louise C Kenny
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether changing levels of exercise during pregnancy are related to altered neonatal adiposity. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data from a prospective cohort study. SETTING: Cork, Ireland. PARTICIPANTS: 1200 mother - infant pairs recruited as part of a prospective birth cohort, Babies After SCOPE: Evaluating the Longitudinal Impact Using Neurological and Nutritional Endpoints (BASELINE). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Neonatal adiposity was assessed within several days of birth using air displacement plethysmography (PEAPOD)...
December 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188135/benefits-of-prenatal-taurine-supplementation-in-preventing-the-onset-of-acute-damage-in-the-mdx-mouse
#6
Robert G Barker, Deanna Horvath, Chris van der Poel, Robyn M Murphy
Introduction: Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) is a debilitating muscle wasting disorder with no cure. Safer supplements and therapies are needed to improve the severity of symptoms, as severe side effects are associated with the only effective treatment, corticosteroids. The amino acid taurine has shown promise in ameliorating dystrophic symptoms in mdx mice, an animal model of DMD, however little work is in 21-28 (d)ay animals, the period of natural peak damage. Methods: This study compares the effect of prenatal taurine supplementation on tibialis anterior (TA) in situ contractile function, histopathological characteristics and the abundance of Ca2+-handling as well as pathologically relevant proteins in non-exercised mdx mice at 28 and 70 d...
September 22, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179683/exercise-during-pregnancy-on-maternal-lipids-a-secondary-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Felipe Lobelo, Ana C Aguilar-de Plata, Mikel Izquierdo, Antonio García-Hermoso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179559/does-exercise-during-pregnancy-affect-placental-weight-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Ruben Barakat, Marina Vargas, Maia Brik, Irene Fernandez, Javier Gil, Javier Coteron, Belen Santacruz
Placental weight (PW) is a measure commonly used to summarize growth and aspects of placental function. In a normal pregnancy, it is reasonable to assume that PW is related to aspects of the functional capacity of the placenta. The placenta, as the site for all maternal-fetal oxygen and nutrient exchange, influences birth weight and is thus central to a successful pregnancy outcome. PW is the most common way to characterize placental growth, which relates to placental function. With physical exercise becoming an integral part of life for many women, the question of whether exercise during pregnancy has an adverse effect on the growing fetus is very important...
January 1, 2017: Evaluation & the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176762/effect-of-a-prenatal-lifestyle-intervention-on-physical-activity-level-in-late-pregnancy-and-the-first-year-postpartum
#9
Birgitte Sanda, Ingvild Vistad, Linda Reme Sagedal, Lene Annette Hagen Haakstad, Hilde Lohne-Seiler, Monica Klungland Torstveit
BACKGROUND: Despite documented health benefits for mother and baby, physical activity (PA)-level tends to decline in pregnancy. Overweight/obese and physically inactive women are two selected groups at increased risk of pregnancy complications. Thus, efficient strategies to maintain or increase PA-level in pregnancy and the postpartum period, especially among these women, are warranted. This secondary analysis examined the effect of a prenatal lifestyle-intervention on PA-level in late pregnancy and the first year postpartum, with subanalysis on initially physically active versus inactive and normal-weight versus overweight/obese women...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173892/pilates-workouts-can-reduce-pain-in-pregnant-women
#10
Ika Oktaviani
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the effects of Pilates exercises for a decreasing pain in pregnant women. METHODS: A total of 40 pregnant women were divided into two groups, a control group (followed a standard pregnancy exercise regimen) and a Pilates group (completed a Pilates exercise regimen). A pain assessment was carried out after exercise, using a visual analog scale. The Pilates group workout program lasted 70-80 min per day, once a week, for 8 weeks...
November 16, 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173614/pregnancy-after-transcatheter-pulmonary-valve-implantation
#11
Urszula Kozicka, Krzysztof Weroński, Witold Rużyłło, Marcin Demkow, Mirosław Kowalski, Mateusz Śpiewak, Ewa Piotrowicz, Hanna Siudalska, Piotr Hoffman, Elżbieta K Biernacka
Transcatheter pulmonary valve implantation (TPVI) is a relatively new method of treating patients with significant pulmonary regurgitation or pulmonary stenosis, or both, after reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract. It is an attractive alternative to conduit replacement in this group of patients, who are typically young and active. This report includes 4 young women who after successful TPVI became pregnant and gave birth. Transthoracic echocardiography, cardiopulmonary exercise testing, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging were performed in all patients...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172267/breast-cancer-risk-assessment-using-the-gail-model-and-it%C3%A2-s-predictors-in-saudi-women
#12
Hala Hazam Al Otaibi
Background: The Gail Model has been widely implemented in developed and developing countries and is considered to be the best available instrument to estimate breast cancer (BC) risk for early prevention. Objective: The goals of the study were to determine five-year and lifetime BC risks and to assess BC predictors among female Saudi teachers using the Gail model. Methods: A cross sectional study with convenience sampling was conducted among 180 female Saudi secondary school teachers. The Gail model was used to evaluate the five-year and lifetime risks of developing BC...
November 26, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168999/investigating-the-perceived-benefits-barriers-and-beliefs-towards-physical-activity-in-pregnancy-among-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#13
C Hurst, C Flannery, M Byrne, P M Kearney, F Dunne, M O'Riordan, J C Walsh
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is a growing concern and poses serious health risks to both mother and child1. The current study explores the psychological determinants of exercise behaviour in a sample of pregnant women with GDM. A cross-sectional survey design was employed to examine exercise behaviour, illness perceptions, perceived barriers and benefits, exercise beliefs, and exercise self-efficacy using validated questionnaires. A sample of 46 pregnant women was recruited from University College Hospital Galway, Letterkenny General Hospital, Cork University Hospital and Mayo General Hospital in Castlebar...
August 12, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155965/is-frozen-embryo-transfer-better-for-mothers-and-babies-can-cumulative-meta-analysis-provide-a-definitive-answer
#14
Abha Maheshwari, Shilpi Pandey, Edwin Amalraj Raja, Ashalatha Shetty, Mark Hamilton, Siladitya Bhattacharya
BACKGROUND: Initial observational studies and a systematic review published 5 years ago have suggested that obstetric and perinatal outcomes are better in offspring conceived following frozen rather than fresh embryo transfers, with reduced risks of preterm birth, small for gestational age, low birth weight and pre-eclampsia. More recent primary studies are beginning to challenge some of these findings. We therefore conducted an updated systematic review and cumulative meta-analysis to examine if these results have remained consistent over time...
November 13, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150108/economy-class-syndrome-what-is-it-and-who-are-the-individuals-at-risk
#15
Luci Maria SantAna Dusse, Marcos Vinícius Ferreira Silva, Letícia Gonçalves Freitas, Milena Soriano Marcolino, Maria das Graças Carvalho
The term 'economy class syndrome' refers to the occurrence of thrombotic events during long-haul flights that mainly occur in passengers in the economy class of the aircraft. This syndrome results from several factors related to the aircraft cabin (immobilization, hypobaric hypoxia and low humidity) and the passenger (body mass index, thrombophilia, oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy, cancer), acting together to predispose to excessive blood coagulation, which can result in venous thromboembolism...
October 2017: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148627/assessment-of-endpoint-criteria-and-perceived-barriers-during-maximal-cardiorespiratory-fitness-testing-among-pregnant-women
#16
Caitlin M Hesse, Rachel A Tinius, Bailey J Cooley, Alyssa A Olenick, Maire M Blankenship, Donald L Hoover, Jill M Maples
BACKGROUND: A plateau in volume of oxygen consumption (VO2) is the primary indicator for determining if an individual has reached their maximal aerobic capacity. However, secondary criteria can also be used to identify maximal effort (i.e. lactate level, rating of perceived exertion (RPE), percent of age-predicted maximal heart rate (HR) and respiratory exchange ratio (RER)). Age and gender-specific secondary criteria have been developed for the general population, but no secondary criteria have been established for pregnant women...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136159/associations-between-maternal-lifestyle-factors-and-neonatal-body-composition-in-the-screening-for-pregnancy-endpoints-cork-cohort-study
#17
Darren L Dahly, Xia Li, Hazel A Smith, Ali S Khashan, Deirdre M Murray, Mairead E Kiely, Jonathan O'B Hourihane, Fergus P McCarthy, Louise C Kenny, Patricia M Kearney
Background: Neonatal body composition likely mediates fetal influences on life long chronic disease risk. A better understanding of how maternal lifestyle is related to newborn body composition could thus inform intervention efforts. Methods: Using Cork participant data (n = 1754) from the Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (SCOPE) cohort study [ECM5(10)05/02/08], we estimated how pre-pregnancy body size, gestational weight gain, exercise, alcohol, smoking and diet were related to neonatal fat and fat-free mass, as well as length and gestational age at birth, using quantile regression...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131740/the-impact-of-prenatal-yoga-on-exercise-attitudes-and-behavior-teachable-moments-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Shilpa Babbar, Blake W Porter, Karen B Williams
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy serves as an opportune time for "teachable moments" to elicit positive behavior change. We evaluated change in exercise perception, behavior and gestational weight gain in participants engaged in a one-hour educational experience. METHODS: Women between 28 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks with no prior yoga experience carrying a non-anomalous singleton fetus participated in a randomized controlled trial on prenatal yoga. The yoga group engaged in a one-hour yoga class; the attention control educational group, in a one-hour presentation on exercise, nutrition and obesity in pregnancy...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129039/combined-diet-and-exercise-interventions-for-preventing-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#19
REVIEW
Emily Shepherd, Judith C Gomersall, Joanna Tieu, Shanshan Han, Caroline A Crowther, Philippa Middleton
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with a wide range of adverse health consequences for women and their infants in the short and long term. With an increasing prevalence of GDM worldwide, there is an urgent need to assess strategies for GDM prevention, such as combined diet and exercise interventions. This is an update of a Cochrane review that was first published in 2015. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of diet interventions in combination with exercise interventions for pregnant women for preventing GDM, and associated adverse health consequences for the mother and her infant/child...
November 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116934/expectant-management-of-caesarean-scar-ectopic-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Pradeep Jayaram, Gbemisola Okunoye, Abdullah Awad Al Ibrahim, Rauf Ghani, Karim Kalache
AIM: The purpose of this review is to systematically review all the reported cases and case series of caesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) managed expectantly without any intervention in order to understand the outcomes of pregnancy which will guide clinicians and patients in making treatment choices. METHODS: An electronic search on PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane databases and a manual search from references of the articles were performed. Studies were selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
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