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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820950/combined-aerobic-and-resistance-exercise-training-for-improving-reproductive-function-in-infertile-men-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Behzad Hajizadeh Maleki, Bakhtyar Tartibian
This randomized controlled trial was conducted to examine the effects of 24 weeks of combined aerobic and resistance exercise training on seminal markers of inflammation and oxidative stress as well as markers of male reproductive function and reproductive performance in infertile patients. Of a total of 1296 infertile patients (aged 25-40 years) who were screened, 556 were randomly assigned to exercise (EX, n = 278) and non-exercise (NON-EX, n = 278) groups. Semen samples were taken before, 12 and 24 weeks as well as 7 and 30 days post intervention...
August 18, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800191/an-investigation-into-regional-medical-practitioners-knowledge-of-exercise-during-pregnancy-guidelines
#2
Melanie Hayman, Mark Taranto, Peter Reaburn, Stephanie Alley, Camille E Short
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 11, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798074/the-influence-of-prenatal-exercise-and-pre-eclampsia-on-maternal-vascular-function
#3
REVIEW
Rachel J Skow, Emily C King, Craig D Steinback, Margie H Davenport
During healthy pregnancy, the cardiovascular system undergoes diverse adaptations to support adequate transfer of oxygen and nutrients from mother to fetus. In order to accommodate the large expansion of blood volume and associated cardiac output, the structure, mechanics, and function of the arteries are altered. Specifically, in healthy pregnancy there is a remodeling of arteries (increased angiogenesis and vasodilation), a generalized reduction in arterial stiffness (increased compliance), and an enhanced endothelial function...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794439/maternal-low-intensity-physical-exercise-prevents-obesity-in-offspring-rats-exposed-to-early-overnutrition
#4
Tatiane Aparecida Ribeiro, Laize Peron Tófolo, Isabela Peixoto Martins, Audrei Pavanello, Júlio Cezar de Oliveira, Kelly Valério Prates, Rosiane Aparecida Miranda, Claudinéia Conationi da Silva Franco, Rodrigo Mello Gomes, Flávio Andrade Francisco, Vander Silva Alves, Douglas Lopes de Almeida, Veridiana Mota Moreira, Kesia Palma-Rigo, Elaine Vieira, Gabriel Sergio Fabricio, Marcos Ricardo da Silva Rodrigues, Wilson Rinaldi, Ananda Malta, Paulo Cezar de Freitas Mathias
Low intensity exercise during pregnancy and lactation may create a protective effect against the development of obesity in offspring exposed to overnutrition in early life. To test these hypotheses, pregnant rats were randomly assigned into 2 groups: Sedentary and Exercised, low intensity, on a rodent treadmill at 30% VO2Max /30-minute/session/3x/week throughout pregnancy and the lactation. Male offspring were raised in small litters (SL, 3 pups/dam) and normal litters (NL, 9 pups/dam) as models of early overnutrition and normal feed, respectively...
August 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791268/relationship-between-age-at-last-delivery-and-age-at-menopause-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#5
Yeun Joo Shin, Ji Yong Song, Min Jeong Kim, Jeong In Choi, Kyung-Do Han, Hae Nam Lee
OBJECTIVE: We used data from the 2010 to 2012 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys to investigate whether the age at menopause is related to age at last delivery. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of the data for 714 women who became menopausal within the 3 years preceding the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. RESULTS: Smoking, exercise, drink, educational level, and income were adjusted in model 1, and the mean ages at menopause were 50...
July 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783859/physical-activity-during-pregnancy-recommendations-and-assessment-tools
#6
Cibele Santini de Oliveira, Thiago Dos Santos Imakawa, Elaine Christine Dantas Moisés
The literature that supports and recommends the practice of exercise during pregnancy is extensive.However, although a more complete research on ways to evaluate the physical activity performed by pregnant women has been perfomed, it is found that there is no gold standard and that the articles in the area are inconclusive. Thus, the objective of the present article is to review relevant aspects, such as, technique and applicability of the different methods for the assessment of physical activity during pregnancy to provide more reliable and safe information for health professionals to encourage their pregnant patients to engage in the practice of physical activity...
August 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780912/exercise-during-pregnancy-and-its-impact-on-mothers-and-offspring-in-humans-and-mice
#7
N Ferrari, I Bae-Gartz, C Bauer, R Janoschek, I Koxholt, E Mahabir, S Appel, M A Alejandre Alcazar, N Grossmann, C Vohlen, K Brockmeier, J Dötsch, E Hucklenbruch-Rother, C Graf
Exercise during pregnancy has beneficial effects on maternal and offspring's health in humans and mice. The underlying mechanisms remain unclear. This comparative study aimed to determine the long-term effects of an exercise program on metabolism, weight gain, body composition and changes in hormones [insulin, leptin, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)]. Pregnant women (n=34) and mouse dams (n=44) were subjected to an exercise program compared with matched controls (period I). Follow-up in the offspring was performed over 6 months in humans, corresponding to postnatal day (P) 21 in mice (period II)...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780660/update-on-valvular-heart-disease-in-pregnancy
#8
REVIEW
Lucy M Safi, Sarah V Tsiaras
Valvular heart disease in women of childbearing age poses an increased risk of adverse maternal and fetal outcomes, and management in pregnancy can be challenging. Ideally, patients with suspected valvular disease should have preconception counseling by a multidisciplinary team including cardiologists with expertise in pregnancy and a maternal-fetal medicine specialist. Preconception planning should include a cardiac assessment of maternal risk, determination of frequency of surveillance, and a cardiovascular management plan during delivery...
September 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767281/the-impact-of-prenatal-yoga-on-exercise-attitudes-and-behavior-teachable-moments-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Shilpa Babbar, Blake W Porter, Karen B Williams
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy serves as an opportune time for "teachable moments" to elicit positive behavior change. We evaluated change in exercise perception, behavior and gestational weight gain in participants engaged in a one-hour educational experience. METHODS: Women between 28 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks with no prior yoga experience carrying a non-anomalous singleton fetus participated in a randomized controlled trial on prenatal yoga. The yoga group engaged in a one-hour yoga class; the attention control educational group, in a one-hour presentation on exercise, nutrition and obesity in pregnancy...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761717/physical-activity-during-pregnancy-and-infant-s-birth-weight-results-from-the-3d-birth-cohort
#10
Michèle Bisson, Jordie Croteau, Benjamin C Guinhouya, Emmanuel Bujold, François Audibert, William D Fraser, Isabelle Marc
AIM: To evaluate the association between maternal physical activity and infant's birth weight or risk of inappropriate weight for gestational age (GA), and whether this association differs by infant's sex, maternal body mass index (BMI) or pregnancy complications in a prospective cohort study. METHODS: 1913 pregnant women from the 3D Birth Cohort (Québec, Canada) completed the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire at each trimester. Energy expenditure (metabolic equivalent of task (MET)*hours/week) for total activity, sports and exercise and vigorous intensity activities was calculated...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761455/unusual-presentation-of-extensive-spontaneous-coronary-dissection-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
Júlio César Queiroz França, Márcio Antonio Santos, Moacir Fernandes Godoy
BACKGROUND: The etiology of spontaneous dissection of coronary artery (SDCA) is not well understood yet. Different studies have linked this entity to pregnancy, physical stress, collagen diseases and vasculitis. In general, patients do not exhibit the classic risk factors for coronary artery disease, which mandates the suspicion of this condition, especially in young adults with acute coronary syndrome. CASE REPORT: In this article, we report the case of a 63-year old male patient, asymptomatic, who came for periodic evaluation and after evaluation by exercise and myocardial scintigraphy had high suspicion for severe coronary artery disease and underwent coronary angiography, which showed spontaneous dissection of the left and right branches of the coronary arteries...
January 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756697/early-detection-of-oral-health-status-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-among-reproductive-aged-women-in-rural-areas-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Yen-Ying Ma, Tung-Jung Huang, Ming-Shyan Lin, Po-Han Chen, Mei-Yen Chen
BACKGROUND: Oral health status is associated with many chronic ailments, including diseases of the cardiovascular system, diabetes, as well as pregnancy complications, such as low birth weight, preterm delivery, preeclampsia, and early pregnancy loss. The health status of reproductive-aged women is important, not only for the women themselves, but also for the health of fetus. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore cardiometabolic risk factors, oral health status, and associated factors among reproductive-aged women...
August 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742515/do-exercises-improve-back-pain-in-pregnancy
#13
Muhammad Azrai Abu, Nur Azurah Abdul Ghani, Lim Pei Shan, Aqmar Suraya Sulaiman, Mohd Hashim Omar, Mohd Hisam Muhamad Ariffin, Azmi Baharuddin, Shuhaila Shohaimi, Zuraidah Che Man
Objective To assess the efficacy of an exercise program towards reducing back pain in pregnant women. Methods In this prospective control study, 145 low risk pregnant women who scored more than 20 for functional limitation assessment were recruited. The severity of back pain was assessed using the visual analoque scale (VAS) and the functional limitation was assessed using the Oswestry disability questionnaire (ODQ). All participants were informed of back care measures and provided with Paracetamol as an adjunct analgesia...
July 25, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739335/weight-decrease-improves-live-birth-rates-in-obese-women-undergoing-ivf-a-pilot-study
#14
Juan J Espinós, Ana Polo, Juan Sánchez-Hernández, Ramón Bordas, Pere Pares, Olga Martínez, Joaquim Calaf
Obese women have lower pregnancy rates than normal-weight women undergoing assisted reproductive treatment. We conducted a pilot study to evaluate whether a 12-week diet and exercise intervention before an IVF cycle would influence pregnancy rates in obese women. Forty-one patients were enrolled in this study. They were randomly allocated to two groups: an intervention group (n = 21), who underwent an individualized diet and physical exercise programme supervised by a dietician, and a control group (n = 20), who started IVF with no previous intervention...
July 6, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736387/effect-of-pregnancy-on-ventricular-and-aortic-dimensions-in-repaired-tetralogy-of-fallot
#15
Matthew Cauldwell, Michael A Quail, Gillian S Smith, Ee Ling Heng, Sarah Ghonim, Anselm Uebing, Lorna Swan, Wei Li, Roshni R Patel, Dudley J Pennell, Philip J Steer, Mark R Johnson, Michael A Gatzoulis, Sonya V Babu-Narayan
BACKGROUND: The aim was to assess whether cardiovascular adaptation to pregnancy in women with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) adversely affects hemodynamic stability, in particular with respect to right ventricular (RV) dilatation, pulmonary regurgitation, or aortic root dilatation. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was a retrospective cohort study of women with repaired TOF with paired cardiovascular magnetic resonance scans before and after their first pregnancy (baseline RV end systolic volume index 49 mL/m(2) and RV end diastolic volume index 118 mL/m(2)) matched with a comparison group of nulliparous women with TOF...
July 23, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727648/is-something-missing-from-antenatal-education-a-survey-of-pregnant-women-s-knowledge-of-pelvic-floor-disorders
#16
Julia M Geynisman-Tan, Debra Taubel, Tirsit S Asfaw
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the knowledge on pelvic floor disorders among a cross section of pregnant women. STUDY DESIGN: This was an institutional review board-approved cross-sectional survey study of pregnant women with a gestational age of more than 18 weeks at a single tertiary care institution. Participants completed the validated 24-item Prolapse and Incontinence Knowledge Questionnaire, and responses were graded to determine a raw accuracy score (0-100%)...
July 20, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727231/nulliparity-is-associated-with-subtle-adverse-metabolic-outcomes-in-overweight-obese-mothers-and-their-offspring
#17
Sumudu N Seneviratne, José G B Derraik, Yannan Jiang, Lesley M E McCowan, Silmara Gusso, Janene B Biggs, Graham K Parry, Valentina Chiavaroli, Wayne S Cutfield, Paul L Hofman
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate metabolic outcomes in overweight/obese nulliparous and multiparous women and their offspring. STUDY DESIGN: Seventy-two overweight and obese women who participated in a randomized controlled trial of exercise in pregnancy were included in the study, comparing 18 nulliparous and 54 multiparous women and their singleton offspring. Women were assessed at 19 and 36 weeks of gestation. Fetal growth was measured using standard obstetric ultrasound techniques...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724550/diet-and-exercise-in-pregnancy
#18
EDITORIAL
Marian Knight, Charlie Foster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721648/recall-of-prenatal-counselling-among-obese-and-overweight-women-from-a-canadian-population-a-population-based-study
#19
Angela E Vinturache, Anika Winn, Suzanne C Tough
Objective The objective of this study was to evaluate the recall of prenatal counselling received among overweight and obese women in primary care settings. Methods A sample of 1996 women with singleton, term deliveries and pre-pregnancy BMI >18.5 kg/m(2) were identified from the All Our Babies pregnancy cohort. Information on socio-demographic characteristics and women's experiences with prenatal counselling on nutrition, vitamin and mineral supplements, exercise, weight gain, employment, alcohol and drug use, and smoking during pregnancy were collected through questionnaires administered at <25 weeks and 34-36 weeks gestation...
July 18, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720239/effect-of-diet-and-exercise-intervention-in-chinese-pregnant-women-on-gestational-weight-gain-and-perinatal-outcomes-a-quasi-experimental-study
#20
Yan Qun Liu, Yun Liu, Yun Hua, Xiao Li Chen
Aim To determine the effect of a diet and exercise intervention in pregnant women on total gestational weight gain, weekly weight gain, 42-days postpartum weight retention, mode of delivery, and infant birth weight. METHODS: One hundred and one eligible Chinese pregnant women whose pre-pregnancy body mass index ranged from 18.5 to 24.9 were recruited between June 2013 and June 2014 from a tertiary hospital. Ninety participants, 45 in each group, completed the study. Intervention women received three face-to-face interventions and three follow-up phone calls which were developed based on the Transtheoretical Model...
August 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
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