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exercise and pregnancy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908772/first-in-vitro-fertilization-baby-this-is-how-it-happened
#1
REVIEW
Simon Fishel
On July 25, 1978, the first human was born following extracorporeal fertilization, an event that opened up a new medical science: expanding our knowledge of and developing novel treatments for infertility, radically changing the opportunities for families with inherited monogenic disorders, generating the new discipline of clinical embryology, and paving the way for studies into stem cell biology. In vitro fertilization (IVF), as it became known in its simplest form, went even further: it engaged the myriad of minds in human society...
June 13, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899050/physical-exercise-programme-during-pregnancy-decreases-perinatal-depression-risk-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Marina Vargas-Terrones, Ruben Barakat, Belen Santacruz, Irene Fernandez-Buhigas, Michelle F Mottola
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of depression is high during the perinatal period. This mood disorder can have a significant impact on the mother, the child and the family. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of an exercise programme during pregnancy on the risk of perinatal depression. METHODS: Healthy women who were <16 weeks pregnant were randomly assigned to two different groups. Women in the intervention group participated in a 60 min exercise programme throughout pregnancy, 3 days per week, which was conducted from October 2014 to December 2016...
June 13, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896935/role-of-exercise-training-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
J L Benham, J M Yamamoto, C M Friedenreich, D M Rabi, R J Sigal
Preliminary evidence suggests exercise in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) may improve reproductive and cardiometabolic parameters. Our primary aim was to determine the impact of exercise training on reproductive health in women with PCOS. Our secondary aim was to determine the effect of exercise training on cardiometabolic indices. A systematic review of published literature was conducted using MEDLINE and EMBASE based on a pre-published protocol (PROSPERO CRD42017065324). The search was not limited by year...
June 12, 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895607/exercise-and-pregnancy-in-recreational-and-elite-athletes-2016-2017-evidence-summary-from-the-ioc-expert-group-meeting-lausanne-part-5-recommendations-for-health-professionals-and-active-women
#4
Kari Bø, Raul Artal, Ruben Barakat, Wendy J Brown, Gregory A L Davies, Michael Dooley, Kelly R Evenson, Lene A H Haakstad, Bengt Kayser, Tarja I Kinnunen, Karin Larsen, Michelle F Mottola, Ingrid Nygaard, Mireille van Poppel, Britt Stuge, Karim M Khan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878620/factors-associated-with-pregnancy-desire-among-adolescent-women-in-five-latin-american-countries-a-multilevel-analysis
#5
Fátima Estrada, Leticia Suárez-López, Celia Hubert, Betania Allen-Leigh, Lourdes Campero, Lizeth Cruz-Jimenez
OBJECTIVE: To explore demographic, socioeconomic and reproductive factors associated with pregnancy desire among adolescents in five Latin American countries. DESIGN: Secondary analysis using nationally representative, cross-sectional data from UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS). SETTING: Cuba, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Mexico, and Panama. POPULATION: Adolescents 15-19 years who were pregnant or mothers (n=4,207)...
June 7, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875693/training-characteristics-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-in-the-world-s-most-successful-cross-country-skier
#6
Guro S Solli, Øyvind Sandbakk
This case-study investigated the training characteristics, physiological capacity, and body composition of the world's most successful cross country skier during the 40-week pregnancy, and the 61-week postpartum. Training data was systemized by training form (endurance, strength, and speed), intensity [low- (LIT), moderate- (MIT), and high-intensity training (HIT)], and mode (running, cycling, and skiing/roller skiing). The training volume [mean ± standard deviation (median)] during pregnancy was 12.9 ± 7...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871855/ehealth-as-the-next-generation-perinatal-care-an-overview-of-the-literature
#7
REVIEW
Josephus Fm van den Heuvel, T Katrien Groenhof, Jan Hw Veerbeek, Wouter W van Solinge, A Titia Lely, Arie Franx, Mireille N Bekker
BACKGROUND: Unrestricted by time and place, electronic health (eHealth) provides solutions for patient empowerment and value-based health care. Women in the reproductive age are particularly frequent users of internet, social media, and smartphone apps. Therefore, the pregnant patient seems to be a prime candidate for eHealth-supported health care with telemedicine for fetal and maternal conditions. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to review the current literature on eHealth developments in pregnancy to assess this new generation of perinatal care...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861243/pilates-program-design-and-health-benefits-for-pregnant-women-a-practitioners-survey
#8
Melissa Mazzarino, Debra Kerr, Meg E Morris
BACKGROUND: Little is known about recommendations for safe and appropriate instruction of Pilates exercises to women during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to examine Pilates practitioners' perspectives regarding Pilates program design for pregnant women. We also sought to elucidate their views on the potential benefits, restrictions and contraindications on Pilates in pregnancy. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed. Pilates practitioners were invited to participate via email...
April 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792061/diet-and-exercise-for-preeclampsia-prevention-in-overweight-and-obese-pregnant-women-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Argyro Syngelaki, Miguel Sequeira Campos, Stephanie Roberge, Walkyria Andrade, Kypros H Nicolaides
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of diet and/or exercise in overweight or obese pregnant women on the risk of preeclampsia. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials examining the effect of diet and/or exercise interventions in overweight and obese pregnant women on the risk of preeclampsia (PE) and hypertensive disorders. We completed a literature search through PubMed, Embase, Cinahl, Web of science, Cochrane CENTRAL Library from their earliest entries to November 2017 and from references of other systematic reviews...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773978/effects-of-sevoflurane-exposure-during-mid-pregnancy-on-learning-and-memory-in-offspring-rats-beneficial-effects-of-maternal-exercise
#10
Ziyi Wu, Xingyue Li, Yi Zhang, Dongyi Tong, Lili Wang, Ping Zhao
Fetal exposure to general anesthetics may pose significant neurocognitive risks but methods to mitigate against these detrimental effects are still to be determined. We set out, therefore, to assess whether single or repeated in utero exposure to sevoflurane triggers long-term cognitive impairments in rat offspring. Since maternal exercise during pregnancy has been shown to improve cognition in offspring, we hypothesized that maternal treadmill exercise during pregnancy would protect against sevoflurane-induced neurotoxicity...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757354/a-modified-inverted-nipple-correction-technique-that-preserves-breastfeeding
#11
Rui Feng, Weiwei Li, Bing Yu, Yudan Zhou
Background: An inverted nipple may affect the appearance of the breasts and breastfeeding, but traditional surgical procedures might injure the normal lactiferous ducts and damage sensory functions. Objectives: The aim of the study was to propose a minimally invasive and reliable method that preserves breastfeeding and corrects Grade I and II inverted nipples. Methods: This was a randomized controlled trial of 230 female patients with unilateral or bilateral inverted nipples and 30 patients with normal nipples who visited the Preconception Counseling Department of our hospital from February 2009 to January 2016...
May 11, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754451/maternal-exercise-season-and-sex-modify-the-daily-fetal-heart-rate-rhythm
#12
J Sletten, G Cornelissen, J Assmus, T Kiserud, S Albrechtsen, J Kessler
AIM: The knowledge on biological rhythms is rapidly expanding. We aimed to define the longitudinal development of the daily (24-hour) fetal heart rate rhythm in an unrestricted, out-of-hospital setting and to examine the effects of maternal physical activity, season and fetal sex. METHODS: We recruited 48 women with low-risk singleton pregnancies. Using a portable monitor for continuous fetal electrocardiography, fetal heart rate recordings were obtained around gestational weeks 24, 28, 32 and 36...
May 13, 2018: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747597/physical-activity-for-antenatal-and-postnatal-depression-in-women-attempting-to-quit-smoking-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Amanda Daley, Muhammad Riaz, Sarah Lewis, Paul Aveyard, Tim Coleman, Isaac Manyonda, Robert West, Beth Lewis, Bess Marcus, Adrian Taylor, Judith Ibison, Andrew Kent, Michael Ussher
BACKGROUND: Antenatal depression is associated with harmful consequences for both the mother and child. One intervention that might be effective is participation in regular physical activity although data on this question in pregnant smokers is currently lacking. METHODS: Women were randomised to six-weekly sessions of smoking cessation behavioural-support, or to the same support plus 14 sessions combining treadmill exercise and physical activity consultations. RESULTS: Among 784 participants (mean gestation 16-weeks), EPDS was significantly higher in the physical activity group versus usual care at end-of-pregnancy (mean group difference (95% confidence intervals (CIs)): 0...
May 10, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745913/benefits-of-early-screening-and-proper-treatment-in-patient-with-significant-risk-factors-for-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-case-report
#14
V Limani
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) occurs in 2-9% of all pregnancies. Evidence suggests that the use of insulin in treating hyperglycemia in GDM patients reduces the risk of perinatal morbidity. Pregnancy is an exciting time in a woman's life. However, once patient is diagnosed with GDM, she will be managed more intensively. GDM is managed using diet and exercise but one in six women with GDM requires insulin. A 35-year-old woman at the 14th gestational week of her tenth pregnancy was seen for routine prenatal care...
April 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744866/what-is-the-effect-of-physical-activity-on-duration-and-mode-of-delivery-secondary-analysis-from-the-norwegian-fit-for-delivery-trial
#15
Birgitte Sanda, Ingvild Vistad, Linda R Sagedal, Lene A H Haakstad, Hilde Lohne-Seiler, Monica K Torstveit
INTRODUCTION: The beneficial effects of physical activity during pregnancy for the mother and offspring have been reported by several studies but there are conflicting results concerning the possible effect of physical activity on the course of labor and risk of cesarean delivery. This study presents secondary analyses from the Norwegian Fit for Delivery randomized controlled trial, aiming at studying the effect of a lifestyle intervention including group exercise classes, as well as the possible influence of physical activity level in late pregnancy, on labor outcomes...
May 9, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736403/temporal-trends-in-gestational-diabetes-prevalence-treatment-and-outcomes-at-aarhus-university-hospital-skejby-between-2004-and-2016
#16
Per Glud Ovesen, Jens Fuglsang, Mette Bisgaard Andersen, Charlotte Wolff, Olav Bjørn Petersen, H David McIntyre
Background: The prevalence of gestational diabetes (GDM) is increasing worldwide. The most important risk of GDM in pregnancy is excessive fetal growth, increasing the risk of complications during delivery as well as long-term complications like obesity and diabetes in both the mother and the offspring. Method: All women with GDM who delivered a singleton between 2004 and 2016 were included. The treatment of GDM patients sought to achieve normal blood glucose levels, primarily by diet and exercise...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724165/how-does-a-lifestyle-intervention-during-pregnancy-influence-perceived-barriers-to-leisure-time-physical-activity-the-norwegian-fit-for-delivery-study-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Lene A H Haakstad, Ingvild Vistad, Linda Reme Sagedal, Hilde Lohne-Seiler, Monica K Torstveit
BACKGROUND: To develop effective health promotional and preventive prenatal programs, it is important to understand perceived barriers to leisure-time physical activity during pregnancy, including exercise and sport participation. The aims of the present study was 1) to assess the effect of prenatal lifestyle intervention on the perceived barrier to leisure-time physical activity during pregnancy and the first year after delivery and 2) identify the most important perceived barriers to leisure-time physical activity at multiple time points during and after pregnancy...
May 3, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723099/exploring-healthy-eating-and-exercise-behaviors-among-low-income-breastfeeding-mothers
#18
Alexandra L MacMillan Uribe, Beth H Olson
BACKGROUND: Postpartum weight retention is often a significant contributor to overweight and obesity. Lactation is typically not sufficient for mothers to return to pre-pregnancy weight. Modifiable health behaviors (e.g., healthy eating and exercise) are important for postpartum weight loss; however, engagement among mothers, especially those who are resource-limited, is low. A deeper understanding of low-income breastfeeding mothers' healthy-eating and exercise experience, a population that may have unique motivators for health-behavior change, may facilitate creation of effective intervention strategies for these women...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721813/pioneer-baby-suggestions-for-pre-and-postnatal-health-promotion-programs-from-rural-english-and-spanish-speaking-pregnant-and-postpartum-women
#19
Lisette T Jacobson, Rosalee Zackula, Michelle L Redmond, Jennifer Duong, Tracie C Collins
In the United States, more than 9 million rural women (15-44 years old) experience limited access and delivery of reproductive healthcare services. Rurality coupled with lower socio-economic status are associated with increased maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this qualitative study was to gain in-depth information from underserved English- and Spanish-speaking pregnant and postpartum rural women on what they would value in a health promotion program. Three focus group sessions were conducted exploring four domains: (1) physical activity, (2) dietary habits, (3) fetal movement/kick counts, and (4) breastfeeding and other support resources...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706507/does-free-choice-of-hospital-conflict-with-equity-of-access-to-highly-specialized-hospitals-a-case-study-from-the-danish-health-care-system
#20
Nasrin Tayyari Dehbarez, Dorte Gyrd-Hansen, Niels Uldbjerg, Rikke Søgaard
Equity of access to health care is a central objective of European health care systems. In this study, we examined whether free choice of hospital, which has been introduced in many systems to strengthen user rights and improve hospital competition, conflicts with equity of access to highly specialized hospitals. We chose to carry out a study on 134,049 women who had uncomplicated pregnancies from 2005 to 2014 in Denmark because of their homogeneity in terms of need, the availability of behavioral data, and their expected engagement in choice of hospital...
April 24, 2018: Health Policy
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