keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

tibia fractures

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162084/infection-following-fractures-of-the-proximal-tibia-a-systematic-review-of-incidence-and-outcome
#1
Ralf Henkelmann, Karl-Heinz Frosch, Richard Glaab, Helmut Lill, Christian Schoepp, Dominik Seybold, Christoph Josten, Pierre Hepp
BACKGROUND: To systematically review all available studies of operatively treated proximal tibia fractures and to report the incidence of superficial or deep infection and subsequent outcomes. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature in Medline, Cochrane, Embase and GoogleScholar was conducted to identify studies with cohorts of patients with infection after surgical treatment of proximal tibia fractures. Studies were included according to predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria...
November 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159663/infrapatellar-vs-suprapatellar-approach-to-obtain-an-optimal-insertion-angle-for-intramedullary-nailing-of-tibial-fractures
#2
Joerg Franke, Annika Homeier, Lars Metz, Thilo Wedel, Volker Alt, Sven Spät, Bernd Hohendorff, Reinhard Schnettler
BACKGROUND: During intramedullary nailing of tibial fractures, the insertion angle of the nail is of great importance. When the nail impacts the posterior cortex due to a large insertion angle with a dorsal target course, higher insertion forces are needed, and the danger of iatrogenic fractures increases. Accordingly, the insertion direction should be as parallel as possible to the longitudinal axis of the tibia. We aimed to confirm the hypothesis that intramedullary nailing of tibial fractures can be performed with smaller insertion angles via a suprapatellar approach rather than infrapatellar approach...
November 20, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158651/soft-tissue-complications-in-distal-tibial-fractures-managed-with-medial-locking-plates-a-myth-or-reality
#3
Deepak Jain, Harpal Singh Selhi, Mohammad Yamin, Pankaj Mahindra
Background: Distal tibial fractures are common injuries that are prone to complications and require careful management. The use of medial periarticular locking plates is an established modality in the treatment if these fractures. These plates are inserted using the minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) or open technique. Our study looks at the soft tissue complications associated with the use of medial locking plates in the management of these fractures. Methods: This was a retrospective study carried out at a tertiary care university hospital in an urban setting...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158644/injury-mechanism-fracture-characteristics-and-clinical-treatment-of-pilon-fracture-with-intact-fibula-a-retrospective-study-of-23-pilon-fractures
#4
Jiang Liangjun, Zheng Qiang, Li Hang, Pan Zhijun
Objective: The effect of intact fibula on pilon fracture is not completely elucidated. We retrospectively analysed pilon fractures with intact fibula at our hospital over a 4 year period to understand the injury mechanism, fracture characteristics, treatment strategy and prognosis of this fracture. Methods: Pilon fracture patients with intact fibula treated in our hospital from January 2010 to December 2014 were observed. OA/ATO fracture type, Ruedi-Allgower classification and fracture characteristics were summarised...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154969/adults-with-cystic-fibrosis-have-deficits-in-bone-structure-and-strength-at-the-distal-tibia-despite-similar-size-and-measuring-standard-and-relative-sites
#5
Kyle K Nishiyama, Sanchita Agarwal, Anna Kepley, Fernando Rosete, Yizhong Hu, X Edward Guo, Claire L Keating, Emily A DiMango, Elizabeth Shane
Individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF) have lower bone mineral density (BMD) by DXA and are at higher risk of fracture than healthy controls. However, the 2-dimensional measurement of areal BMD (aBMD) provided by DXA is influenced by bone size and the true extent of the bone deficit is unclear. Our objective was to use high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT) and individual trabecula segmentation (ITS) analysis to compare volumetric BMD (vBMD), microarchitecture and estimated strength at the distal radius and tibia in 26 young adults with CF and 26 controls matched for age, gender, and race...
November 14, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149352/prognostic-potential-of-markers-of-bone-turnover-in-delayed-healing-tibial-diaphyseal-fractures
#6
Malhar Kumar, Dnyaneshwar Shelke, Saumil Shah
INTRODUCTION: Clinical and radiographic examinations detect delayed or nonunion only after the event has occurred. Biochemical markers of bone turnover (BTMs) are promising laboratory tools that offer an early insight into the likelihood of delayed union. We hypothesized that BTMs display temporal variations following fractures and the behavior of BTMs differ between normal and delayed union of fractures. METHODS: This was a prospective study of patients with closed fracture of tibia treated with intramedullary, interlocking nailing...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144380/a-passive-and-wireless-sensor-for-bone-plate-strain-monitoring
#7
Yisong Tan, Jiale Hu, Limin Ren, Jianhua Zhu, Jiaqi Yang, Di Liu
This paper reports on a sensor for monitoring bone plate strain in real time. The detected bone plate strain could be used for judging the healing state of fractures in patients. The sensor consists of a magnetoelastic material, which can be wirelessly connected and passively embedded. In order to verify the effectiveness of the sensor, a tibia-bone plate-screw (TBS) model was established using the finite element analysis method. A variation of the bone plate strain was obtained via this model. A goat hindquarter tibia was selected as the bone fracture model in the experiment...
November 16, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141620/treatment-of-genu-valgum-in-children-by-means-of-temporary-hemiepiphysiodesis-using-eight-plates-short-term-findings
#8
Dirk Zajonz, Eckehard Schumann, Magdalena Wojan, Fabian B Kübler, Christoph Josten, Ulf Bühligen, Christoph E Heyde
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic genu valgum is a frequently diagnosed growth disorder in adolescence. Whenever the possibilities of conservative therapy have been exhausted, leg straightening by means of hemiepiphysiodesis has become the standard form of treatment. Because of their flexible screw-plate connection, eight-Plates have been reported in the literature to lead to lower complications regarding implant loosening and fracture compared to other implants. The aim of this retrospective survey was to analyse our own patient population who were treated for genu valgum by means of temporary hemiepiphysiodesis near the knee using eight-Plates to modulate growth...
November 15, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136444/effect-of-locking-plate-fixation-vs-intramedullary-nail-fixation-on-6-month-disability-among-adults-with-displaced-fracture-of-the-distal-tibia-the-uk-fixdt-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Matthew L Costa, Juul Achten, James Griffin, Stavros Petrou, Ian Pallister, Sarah E Lamb, Nick R Parsons
Importance: The best treatment for fractures of the distal tibia remains controversial. Most such fractures require surgical fixation but outcomes are unpredictable and complications are common. Objective: To assess disability, quality of life, and complications in patients with displaced tibial fracture treated with intramedullary nail fixation vs locking plate fixation. Design, Setting, and Participants: A multicenter randomized trial recruiting 321 patients 16 years or older with an acute, displaced, extra-articular fracture of the distal tibia from April 2013 through April 2016 with final follow-up in February 2017...
November 14, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135041/risk-factors-for-tibial-damage-associated-with-the-modified-maquet-technique-in-174-stifles
#10
Michael D Lefebvre, Olivier R Broux, Nicolas P Barthélémy, Martin Hamon, Evelyne V Moyse, Bernard M Bouvy, Marc H Balligand
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for tibial damage associated with the modified Maquet technique (MMT) in dogs with cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) disease. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. SAMPLE POPULATION: One hundred and seventy-four stifles from 147 client-owned dogs. METHODS: Medical records of dogs diagnosed with CCL disease and treated with the current version of MMT were reviewed. Dogs were included if immediate postoperative radiographs were available...
November 14, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128611/intrathecal-administration-of-antisense-oligonucleotide-against-p38%C3%AE-but-not-p38%C3%AE-map-kinase-isoform-reduces-neuropathic-and-postoperative-pain-and-tlr4-induced-pain-in-male-mice
#11
Xin Luo, Bethany Fitzsimmons, Apoorva Mohan, Linlin Zhang, Niccolo Terrando, Holly Kordasiewicz, Ru-Rong Ji
p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) consists of two major isoforms: p38α and p38β; however, it remains unclear which isoform is more important for chronic pain development. Recently, we developed potent, long-lasting, and p38 MAPK subtype-specific antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs). We examined the therapeutic effects of isoform-specific ASOs in several chronic pain models following single intrathecal injection (300 μg/10 μl) in CD1 mice. In the chronic constriction injury (CCI) model, p38α MAPK ASO, given on post-operative day 5, reduced CCI-induced mechanical allodynia in male but not female mice...
November 8, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122411/comparative-investigation-of-percutaneous-plating-and-intramedullary-nailing-effects-on-il-6-production-in-patients-with-tibia-shaft-fracture
#12
Adel Ebrahimpour, Mohammad-Ali Okhovatpour, Mehrdad Sadighi, Amir-Hossein Sarejloo, Mohammad-Reza Minator Sajjadi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of intramedullary nailing (IMN), open plating and percutaneous plating on the induction of IL-6 in patients with tibia fractures. METHODS: A total of 30 patients with tibia shaft fracture underwent either intramedullary nailing (IMN, n = 15; 14 males and 1 female; mean age: 32.1 ± 15.6), ORIF plating (n = 8; 5 males and 3 females; mean age: 60.0 ± 17.8), or percutaneous plating (n = 7; 6 males and 1 female; mean age: 43...
November 6, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121899/p21-mice-exhibit-enhanced-bone-regeneration-after-injury
#13
Priyatha Premnath, Britta Jorgenson, Ricarda Hess, Pankaj Tailor, Dante Louie, Jaymi Taiani, Steven Boyd, Roman Krawetz
BACKGROUND: p21((WAF1/CIP1/SDI1)), a cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor has been shown to influence cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis; but more recently, p21 has been implicated in tissue repair. Studies on p21((-/-)) knockout mice have demonstrated results that vary from complete regeneration and healing of tissue to attenuated healing. There have however been no studies that have evaluated the role of p21 inhibition in bone healing and remodeling. METHODS: The current study employs a burr-hole fracture model to investigate bone regeneration subsequent to an injury in a p21(-/-) mouse model...
November 9, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115684/bone-material-strength-index-as-measured-by-impact-microindentation-in-postmenopausal-women-with-distal-radius-and-hip-fractures
#14
Tamara D Rozental, Kempland C Walley, Serkalem Demissie, Signe Caksa, Adriana Martinez-Betancourt, Amber M Parker, Joy N Tsai, Elaine W Yu, Mary L Bouxsein
We tested whether cortical bone tissue properties assessed by in vivo impact microindentation would distinguish postmenopausal women with recent distal radius (DRF) or hip fracture (HF) from non-fracture controls (CONT). We enrolled postmenopausal women with recent DRF (n=57), HF (n=41) or CONT (n=93), and used impact microindentation to assess bone material strength index (BMSi) at the anterior surface of the mid-tibia diaphysis. Areal BMD (g/cm(2) ) of the femoral neck (FN), total hip (TH) and lumbar spine (LS) were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113210/analysis-of-imaging-characteristics-of-primary-malignant-bone-tumors-in-children
#15
Yingwei Sun, Xueyong Liu, Shinong Pan, Chunbo Deng, Xiaohan Li, Qiyong Guo
The present study aimed to investigate the imaging characteristics of primary malignant bone tumors in children. The imaging results of 34 children with primary malignant bone tumors confirmed by histopathological diagnosis between March 2008 and January 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. In total, 25 patients had osteosarcoma, with radiography and computed tomography (CT) showing osteolytic bone destruction or/and osteoblastic bone sclerosis, an aggressive periosteal reaction, a soft-tissue mass and cancerous bone...
November 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113159/treatment-of-osteosarcoma-around-the-knee-in-skeletally-immature-patients
#16
Weitao Yao, Qiqing Cai, Jiaqiang Wang, Songtao Gao
Limb sparing surgery in growing young patients with malignant tumors is difficult as invasion of the physis by the tumor or surgical resection through the metaphysis may cause significant limb discrepancy following surgery. At present, hinged tumor prosthesis or biological reconstructions are the main methods following tumor resection in these patients. The aim of the present study was to assess different procedures for the treatment of osteosarcoma around knee joints in immature patients. A retrospective study of 56 patients (<15 years old, open physis) who had been treated for osteosarcoma around the knee joint between January 2007 and December 2015 was performed...
November 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110711/radial-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-is-efficient-and-safe-in-the-treatment-of-fracture-nonunions-of-superficial-bones-a-retrospective-case-series
#17
Paulo Kertzman, Nikolaus B M Császár, John P Furia, Christoph Schmitz
BACKGROUND: A substantial body of evidence supports the use of focused extracorporeal shock wave therapy (fESWT) in the non-invasive treatment of fracture nonunions. On the other hand, virtually no studies exist on the use of radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy (rESWT) for this indication. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 22 patients treated with rESWT for fracture nonunions of superficial bones that failed to heal despite initial surgical fixation in most cases...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109841/mandibular-reconstruction-with-lateral-tibial-bone-graft-an-excellent-option-for-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#18
Ana Lucia Carpi Miceli, Livia Costa Pereira, Thiago da Silva Torres, Mônica Diuana Calasans-Maia, Rafael Seabra Louro
Autogenous bone grafts are the gold standard for reconstruction of atrophic jaws, pseudoarthroses, alveolar clefts, orthognathic surgery, mandibular discontinuity, and augmentation of sinus maxillary. Bone graft can be harvested from iliac bone, calvarium, tibial bone, rib, and intraoral bone. Proximal tibia is a common donor site with few reported problems compared with other sites. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of proximal tibia as a donor area for maxillofacial reconstructions, focusing on quantifying the volume of cancellous graft harvested by a lateral approach and to assess the complications of this technique...
December 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108851/examining-tissue-composition-whole-bone-morphology-and-mechanical-behavior-of-gorab-prx1-mice-tibiae-a-mouse-model-of-premature-aging
#19
Haisheng Yang, Laia Albiol, Wing-Lee Chan, Dag Wulsten, Anne Seliger, Michael Thelen, Tobias Thiele, Lyudmila Spevak, Adele Boskey, Uwe Kornak, Sara Checa, Bettina M Willie
Gerodermia osteodysplastica (GO) is a segmental progeroid disorder caused by loss-of-function mutations in the GORAB gene, associated with early onset osteoporosis and bone fragility. A conditional mouse model of GO (Gorab(Prx1)) was generated in which the Gorab gene was deleted in long bones. We examined the biomechanical/functional relevance of the Gorab(Prx1) mutants as a premature aging model by characterizing bone composition, tissue-level strains, and whole-bone morphology and mechanical properties of the tibia...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107133/physeal-fractures-of-the-lower-leg-in-children-and-adolescents-therapeutic-results-pitfalls-and-suggested-management-protocol-based-on-the-experience-of-the-authors-and-contemporary-literature
#20
Marcin Karlikowski, Jerzy Sułko
INTRODUCTION: Physeal fractures in children frequently give rise to concerns about the condition of the growth plate. Our observations have proven that the dysfunction of the growth plate is less frequent complication in those cases than misdiagnosed interposition of the periosteum. The aim of this paper is to familiarize the readers with the issue of treatment of physeal fractures of the distal tibia and fibula in the growing skeleton. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the group of 75 patients - children and adolescents - with surgically treated physeal fractures of the lower leg...
October 26, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
keyword
keyword
98747
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"