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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226955/an-investigation-of-animal-and-human-bones-for-predicting-probable-location-of-fractures
#1
Irfan Manarvi, Irfan Manarvi, Irfan Manarvi
Predicting location of fracture in animal and human bones has been a keen area of research for the past few decades. It has been established that it is various types of stress that results into bone failure. Past studies were mostly based on experimental testing of variety of bones with limited accuracy equipment leading to experimental errors. An effort has been made in present research to use latest experimental testing equipment in parallel with some modern techniques and tools such as 3D scanners for creating computer models and Finite Element Analysis (FEA) to conduct structural analysis that could allow unlimited changes in boundary conditions expected to be faced by a bone...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224178/the-role-of-body-weight-on-bone-in-anorexia-nervosa-a-hr-pqct-study
#2
Jacob Frølich, Stinus Hansen, Laura Al-Dakhiel Winkler, Andreas K Andresen, Anne Pernille Hermann, René K Støving
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is associated with decreased bone mineral density and increased risk of fracture. The aim of this study was to assess bone geometry, volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD), trabecular microarchitecture and estimated failure load in weight-bearing vs. non-weight-bearing bones in AN. We included twenty-five females with AN, and twenty-five female controls matched on age and height. Bone geometry, vBMD and trabecular microarchitecture were assessed using high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography of the distal radius and tibia...
February 21, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216752/management-of-gustilo-anderson-iii-b-open-tibial-fractures-by-primary-fascio-septo-cutaneous-local-flap-and-primary-fixation-the-fix-and-shift-technique
#3
P R Ramasamy
BACKGROUND: Open fractures of tibia have posed great difficulty in managing both the soft tissue and the skeletal components of the injured limb. Gustilo Anderson III B open tibial fractures are more difficult to manage than I, II, and III A fractures. Stable skeletal fixation with immediate soft tissue cover has been the key to the successful outcome in treating open tibial fractures, in particular, Gustilo Anderson III B types. If the length of the open wound is larger and if the exposed surface of tibial fracture and tibial shaft is greater, then the management becomes still more difficult...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212186/bisphosphonates-inhibit-pain-bone-loss-and-inflammation-in-a-rat-tibia-fracture-model-of-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-erratum
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203271/a-review-of-the-epidemiology-and-treatment-of-orthopaedic-injuries-after-earthquakes-in-developing-countries
#5
REVIEW
James S MacKenzie, Bibek Banskota, Norachart Sirisreetreerux, Babar Shafiq, Erik A Hasenboehler
BACKGROUND: Earthquakes in developing countries are devastating events. Orthopaedic surgeons play a key role in treating earthquake-related injuries to the extremities. We describe orthopaedic injury epidemiology to help guide response planning for earthquake-related disasters. METHODS: Several databases were searched for articles reporting primary injury after major earthquakes from 1970 to June 2016. We used the following key words: "earthquake" AND "fracture" AND "injury" AND "orthopedic" AND "treatment" AND "epidemiology...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199411/cortical-porosity-not-superior-to-conventional-densitometry-in-identifying-hemodialysis-patients-with-fragility-fracture
#6
Bernhard Bielesz, Janina M Patsch, Lukas Fischer, Marija Bojic, Wolfgang Winnicki, Michael Weber, Daniel Cejka
Hemodialysis (HD) patients face increased fracture risk, which is further associated with elevated risk of hospitalization and mortality. High-resolution peripheral computed tomography (HR-pQCT) has advanced our understanding of bone disease in chronic kidney disease by characterizing distinct changes in both the cortical and trabecular compartments. Increased cortical porosity (Ct.Po) has been shown to be associated with fracture in patients with osteopenia or in postmenopausal diabetic women. We tested whether the degree of Ct...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198794/open-tibia-shaft-fractures-and-soft-tissue-coverage-the-effects-of-management-by-an-orthopedic-trauma-microsurgical-team
#7
James VandenBerg, Daniel Osei, Martin I Boyer, Michael J Gardner, William M Ricci, Amanda Spraggs-Hughes, Christopher McAndrew
OBJECTIVES: To compare the timing of soft-tissue (flap) coverage and occurrence of complications before and after the establishment of an integrated orthopedic trauma/microsurgical team. DESIGN: Retrospective Cohort StudySETTING:: A single level 1 trauma centerPATIENTS:: 28 subjects (13 pre- and 15 post-integration) with open tibia shaft fractures (OTA/AO 42A, 42B, 42C) treated with flap coverage between January 2009 and March 2015. INTERVENTION: Flap coverage for open tibia shaft fractures treated before ("pre-integration") and after ("post-integration") implementation of an integrated orthopedic trauma/microsurgical team...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196041/change-in-talar-translation-in-the-coronal-plane-after-mobile-bearing-total-ankle-replacement-and-its-association-with-lower-limb-and-hindfoot-alignment
#8
Young Yi, Jae-Ho Cho, Ji-Beom Kim, Jae-Young Kim, Su-Yeon Park, Woo Chun Lee
BACKGROUND: Mobile-bearing total ankle replacement (TAR) enables motion at the tibial implant-polyethylene insert interface. This motion could lead to coronal translation of the talus relative to the tibia and may affect radiographic outcome. We aimed to assess the translation of the talus before and after mobile-bearing TAR to determine whether translation of the talus after TAR is associated with coronal plane alignment of the lower limb and hindfoot as well as to investigate the complications associated with talar translation...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194714/is-limb-salvage-with-microwave-induced-hyperthermia-better-than-amputation-for-osteosarcoma-of-the-distal-tibia
#9
Kang Han, Peiye Dang, Na Bian, Xiang Chen, Tongtao Yang, QingYu Fan, Yong Zhou, Tingbao Zhao, Pingshan Wang
BACKGROUND: Amputation has been the standard surgical treatment for distal tibia osteosarcoma owing to its unique anatomic features. Preliminary research suggested that microwave-induced hyperthermia may have a role in treating osteosarcoma in some locations of the body (such as the pelvis), but to our knowledge, no comparative study has evaluated its efficacy in a difficult-to-treat location like the distal tibia. QUESTIONS: Does microwave-induced hyperthermia result in (1) improved survival, (2) decreased local recurrence, (3) improved Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) scores, or (4) fewer complications than amputation in patients with a distal tibial osteosarcoma? METHODS: Between 2000 and 2015, we treated 79 patients for a distal tibia osteosarcoma without metastases...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194389/elastic-suture-shoelace-technique-for-fasciotomy-closure-after-treatment-of-compartmental-syndrome-associated-to-tibial-fracture
#10
Paulo Sergio Martins Castelo Branco, Mauricio Cardoso Junior, Isaac Rotbande, José Antonio Fraga Ciraudo, Celso Ricardo Correa de Melo Silva, Paulo Cesar Dos Santos Leal
This article reports the use of elastic suture as an adjuvant in surgical wound closure caused by decompressive fasciotomy after compartment syndrome associated with a compound fracture of the tibia. Widely used in other medico-surgical specialties, this technique is unusual in orthopedics surgery, but the simplicity of the procedure and the successful outcome observed in this case allows for its consideration as indicated for situations similar to that presented in this study.
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194379/reliability-of-the-radiographic-union-scale-in-tibial-fractures-rust
#11
Fernando Antonio Silva de Azevedo Filho, Ricardo Britto Cotias, Matheus Lemos Azi, Armando Augusto de Almeida Teixeira
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the inter- and intra observer reproducibility of the radiographic score of consolidation of the tibia shaft fractures. METHODS: Fifty-one sets of radiographs in anteroposterior (AP) and profile (P) of the tibial shaft treated with intramedullary nail were obtained. The analysis of X-rays was performed in two stages, with a 21-day interval between assessments by a group of nine evaluators. To evaluate the reproducibility of RUST score between the evaluators, the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) with a 95% confidence interval was used...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193138/removal-of-interlocking-intramedullary-nail-for-relieve-of-knee-pain-after-tibial-fracture-repair
#12
Shaodong Zhang, Xiaotao Wu, Lei Liu, Chen Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of intramedullary nail removal after tibial fracture repair. METHODS: Sixty patients at our hospital were enrolled in a prospective study and divided into moderate/severe knee pain (visual analog scale (VAS) ≥ 4) and mild/no knee pain (VAS < 4) groups after interlocking intramedullary nailing. Variables studied included the distance from the tip of the nail to the tibial plateau and the front of the tibia on a normalized lateral X-ray, the VAS score of knee and ankle pain, the range of motion of the knee and ankle, and Johner-Wruhs criteria before, 6 weeks after operation, and at the last follow-up...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192826/the-management-of-bone-defects-in-periarticular-knee-injuries-a-review-article
#13
Brian Buck, Yvonne M Murtha
Traumatic bone defects of the distal femur and proximal tibia present treatment challenges for the orthopaedic traumatologist. In addition to bone loss, significant soft tissue compromise and cartilage defects leave the patient and surgeon with few reconstructive options for proper long-term joint function. These injuries are often complicated by delayed healing, nonunion, malunion, infection, and poor subjective patient outcomes. There are a variety of clinical problems associated with the treatment of periarticular fractures about the knee...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190827/use-of-autologous-platelet-rich-plasma-for-a-delayed-consolidation-of-a-tibial-fracture-in-a-young-donkey
#14
Vanessa Faillace, Adolfo Maria Tambella, Margherita Fratini, Emanuele Paggi, Fabrizio Dini, Fulvio Laus
A 9-month-old filly donkey was referred for a comminuted diaphyseal fracture of the right tibia. Surgical osteosynthesis, with multiple lag screws and a neutralization plate, was performed for anatomical reconstruction. Despite a good gait condition, delayed bone consolidation and a bone gap were evident on follow up radiographic evaluations. Due to delayed healing, autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) was injected on the surface of the tibia. Increased bone consolidation was evident on radiographs one month after the PRP injection...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182170/complications-of-minimally-invasive-percutaneous-plating-for-distal-tibial-fractures
#15
Nasir Muzaffar, Rafiq Bhat, Mohammad Yasin
BACKGROUND: The management of distal tibia fractures continues to remain a source of controversy and debate. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the various complications of minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis (MIPPO) using a locking plate for closed fractures of distal tibia in a retrospective study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-five patients with distal tibial fractures, treated by minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis, were evaluated in a retrospective study...
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177150/commentary-the-skeleton-is-a-storehouse-of-mineral-that-is-plundered-during-lactation-and-fully-replenished-afterwards
#16
Christopher S Kovacs
During lactation, mammals resorb mineral from the maternal skeleton to provide calcium to milk. Rodents lose 25-35% of skeletal ash weight, ash calcium content, and bone mineral content by DXA, and have compromised material properties of bone, as assessed by crushing vertebrae and 3-pt bend tests of femora or tibiae. The strength, stiffness, and toughness of vertebrae, femora, and tibiae are reduced by as much as 60%. The effects of lactation are not uniform throughout the skeleton, but instead resorption is much more marked in the trabecular-rich spine than in the appendicular skeleton or whole body...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173978/the-effects-of-tibia-profile-distraction-angle-and-knee-load-on-wedge-instability-and-hinge-fracture-a-finite-element-study
#17
Pei-Wei Weng, Chia-Hsien Chen, Chu-An Luo, Jui-Sheng Sun, Yang-Hwei Tsuang, Cheng-Kung Cheng, Shang-Chih Lin
Several plate systems for high tibial osteotomy (HTO) have been developed to stabilize the opening wedge of an osteotomized tibia. Among them, the TomoFix system, having a quasi-straight and T-shaped design, has been widely adopted in the literature. However, this system is implemented by inserting a lag (i.e., cortical) screw through the proximal combi-hole, to deform the plate and pull the distal tibia toward the plate. This process potentially induces plate springback and creates an elastic preload on the osteotomized tibia, especially at the lateral hinge of the distracted wedge...
February 4, 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169938/percutaneous-or-open-reduction-of-closed-tibial-shaft-fractures-during-intramedullary-nailing-does-not-increase-wound-complications-infection-or-nonunion-rates
#18
Darryl A Auston, Jordan Meiss, Rafael Serrano, Thomas Sellers, Gregory Carlson, Timothy Hoggard, Michael Beebe, Jonathan Quade, David Watson, R Bruce Simpson, Brian Kistler, Anjan Shah, Roy Sanders, Hassan Mir
OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of complications (wound, infection, nonunion) among those patients treated with closed, percutaneous, and open intramedullary nailing for closed tibial shaft fractures. DESIGN: Retrospective Review. SETTING: Multiple trauma centers. PATIENTS: Skeletally mature patients with closed tibia fractures amenable to treatment with an intramedullary device. INTERVENTION: Intramedullary fixation with closed, percutaneous, or open reduction...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167879/early-revision-surgery-for-tibial-plateau-non-union-and-mal-union
#19
Dominic L Van Nielen, Christopher S Smith, David L Helfet, Peter Kloen
BACKGROUND: Although relatively rare, non-unions and mal-unions of tibial plateau fractures present significant challenges for the orthopedic surgeon. With careful pre-operative planning, tibial plateau mal-union or non-union revision surgery with intra-articular and varus opening osteotomies can provides good functional results when performed early (within 1 year) after primary surgical procedure. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We present our treatment algorithm for approaching and treating non-union or mal-union of tibial plateau fractures...
February 2017: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166978/growth-performance-parameters-bone-calcification-and-immune-response-of-in-ovo-injection-of-25-hydroxycholecalciferol-and-vitamin-k3-in-male-ross-308-broilers
#20
Tahereh Abbasi, Malak Shakeri, Mojtaba Zaghari, Hamid Kohram
This experiment aimed to evaluate the effects of in ovo injection of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25-OH-D3) and Vitamin K3 on growth performance, bone calcification and immune system responses in male Ross 308 broilers. Twelve treatment groups with a total number of 768 experimental hatching eggs, four replications and 16 eggs in each replication were selected to form a completely randomized design of factorial arrangement. Treatments included: (1) distilled water, (2) 0.4 μg D3, (3) 0.4 μg D3 + 2 μg K3, (4) 0...
March 1, 2017: Theriogenology
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