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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228787/fix-and-replace-an-emerging-paradigm-for-treating-acetabular-fractures
#1
Colin G Murphy, Andrew D Carrothers
Although technically challenging even for the experienced surgeon, simultaneous open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of acetabular fracture and total hip replacement (THR) have some potential advantages over the more traditional treatment options in specific patient subgroups; theoretically allowing immediate weight bearing and faster rehabilitation, reducing the cost of inpatient stay, and reducing the risks of early and late local complications associated with standard treatment for this type of injury...
September 2016: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228784/atypical-periprosthetic-acetabular-fracture-in-long-term-alendronate-therapy
#2
Giuseppe Marongiu, Antonio Capone
Bisphosphonates have been commonly used in the treatment of osteoporosis, demonstrating its efficacy in fracture risk reduction. However, even if are generally safe and well tolerated, concerns have emerged about atypical fractures related to its prolonged use. Although atypical femoral fracture are more common, case reports demonstrated that even other skeletal areas can be involved by unusual pattern of fracture. We report a atypical acetabular periprosthetic fracture in a 83-year-old female patient after prolonged alendronate treatment for osteoporosis and isolated acetabular revision surgery...
September 2016: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224071/arthroscopic-fixation-of-os-acetabuli-technique-when-to-resect-and-when-to-fix
#3
Cecilia Pascual-Garrido, John B Schrock, Justin J Mitchell, Gaston Camino Willhuber, Omer Mei-Dan, Jorge Chahla
Acetabular rim fractures, or os acetabuli, are hypothesized to occur as a result of an unfused ossification center or a stress fracture from repetitive impingement of an abnormally shaped femoral neck against the acetabular rim. When treated surgically, these fragments are typically excised as part of the correction for femoroacetabular impingement. However, in some patients, removal of these fragments can create symptoms of gross instability or microinstability of the hip. In these cases, internal fixation of the fragment is necessary...
October 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222067/designation-and-validation-of-a-posterior-anatomical-plate-for-the-anterior-column-of-the-acetabulum
#4
Lifeng Zhang, Chuangxin Lin, Shenglu Cao, Yiran Wang, Geng Peng, Yongqiang Xu, Yongzeng Feng, Gang Wang
BACKGROUND Surgical treatment of acetabular fractures is one of the greatest challenges for orthopedic surgeons. Fixation of most displaced fractures requires extensive exposure, which may lead to complications, including blood loss, neural or vascular injury, postoperative infection, wound healing problems, and heterotopic bone formation. MATERIAL AND METHODS This study was conducted to certify an anatomic plate with an anterior column lag screw guiding device to repair the posterior acetabulum. Complete pelvic spiral computed tomography (CT) scan data were collected from 56 patients...
February 21, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219416/the-safe-screw-path-along-inferior-border-of-the-arcuate-line-at-acetabular-area-an-anatomical-study-based-on-ct-scans
#5
Chun Bi, Jiandong Wang, Xiaoxi Ji, Zhijian Ma, Fang Wang, Xiangsen Zeng, Dongmei Wang, Qiugen Wang
BACKGROUND: Misplaced screw during the internal fixation of acetabular fractures may penetrate the hip joint which might cause chondrolysis and traumatic osteoarthritis in the future. This study aims to acquire the safe path for screw insertion along inferior border of the arcuate line fixation route at acetabular area. METHODS: Computed tomography (CT) scans of 98 patients without pelvic trauma were rebuilt for three-dimensional models of pelvis. After depicting the fixation route curve, five cross-sections perpendicularly to the curve were established from the anterior of pelvis to the posterior along inferior border of the arcuate line...
February 20, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216064/internal-fixation-of-acetabular-fractures-in-an-older-population-using-the-timi-approach-midterm-results-of-a-prospective-study
#6
Rene Aigner, Ralf Hellige, Sabine Knippel, Ludwig Oberkircher, Steffen Ruchholtz, Benjamin Buecking
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of geriatric acetabular fractures continues to increase due to demographic changes. In the elderly, anterior column fractures are common, and standard approaches are associated with a considerable risk for surgery-associated complications. Therefore, a minimally invasive approach was developed in our department. The aim of this study was to examine early and mid-term results regarding the use of this novel two-incision minimally invasive (TIMI) approach in patients aged over 55 years with acetabular fractures...
February 3, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210944/postoperative-imaging-in-arthroscopic-hip-surgery
#7
REVIEW
F Di Pietto, V Chianca, R de Ritis, E Cesarano, A Reginelli, A Barile, M Zappia, L Ginolfi
Arthroscopic surgery of the hip, compared to that of the knee or the shoulder, has only recently been developed in any significant way. Current indications for arthroscopic surgery of the hip include: diagnosis and treatment of lesions symptomatic of the acetabular labrum, femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), chondral lesions, joint infections, lesions of the teres ligament, impingement of the psoas tendon, pathology of the peritrochanteric space, external snapping hip (coxa saltans), and traumatic and atraumatic instability...
February 16, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207477/does-pelvic-embolization-increase-infection-rates-in-patients-who-undergo-open-treatment-of-acetabular-fractures
#8
Reza Firoozabadi, Milton Little, Timothy Alton, John Scoloro, Julie Agel, Mathew Kogut
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the impact of pelvic embolization on postoperative infection rate following acetabular fracture fixation. DESIGN: Retrospective study of three separate cohorts SETTING:: Level I Trauma CenterPatients/Participants: Identified patients who underwent angiography of the pelvis as well as required an ORIF of an acetabular fracture. This group was compared to a control group of patients with an acetabular fracture that did not undergo angiography and underwent ORIF...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202208/survivorship-analysis-of-eighty-revised-hip-arthroplasties-with-the-impaction-grafting-technique-using-whole-femoral-head-allografts-with-the-articular-cartilage
#9
Ahmed Fadulelmola, Efstathios Drampalos, John Hodgkinson, Mukesh Hemmady
BACKGROUND: Acetabular impaction bone grafting aims to restore anatomy in hip revision surgery. This is an effective but expensive and time-consuming technique. Usually, the articular cartilage is removed from the femoral head allograft. We aimed to reproduce the same results retaining the cartilage of the allograft. METHODS: Eighty acetabular revisions using impacted morselized bone graft retaining the articular cartilage and a cemented cup were studied retrospectively...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195604/early-postoperative-displacement-of-combined-pelvic-ring-injury-with-acetabular-fracture
#10
Arthur E Hess, Herman S Johal, Robert V O'Toole, Jason W Nascone
Combined pelvic ring and acetabular injuries present a management challenge. The literature on this topic is scarce, with few outcomes studies available. This retrospective study assessed whether the incidence of postoperative displacement and loss of reduction is higher with combined injuries compared with isolated pelvic ring injuries and isolated acetabular fractures. The charts and radiographs of 33 patients with combined pelvic ring and acetabular fractures treated operatively during a 7-year period at a single institution were reviewed...
February 13, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194414/acetabular-fractures-in-the-elderly-midterm-outcomes-of-column-stabilisation-and-primary-arthroplasty
#11
A Ortega-Briones, S Smith, M Rickman
Background. Interest in arthroplasty techniques for periarticular or intra-articular fractures in the elderly/osteoporotic patient continues to rise, including for geriatric acetabular fractures. In line with this, many acetabular fracture surgeons are now undertaking acute total hip arthroplasty in elderly/osteoporotic patients. Little is known however of the outcomes of this procedure, beyond the first year after surgery. Questions/Purposes. We determined the clinical outcomes of a series of elderly osteoporotic patients (mean age at surgery 77...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184362/uncemented-total-hip-replacement-after-two-years-of-neglected-hip-dislocation-with-fracture-of-posterior-column-and-wall-of-the-acetabulum
#12
Sundaresh Dc, Sharath K Ramanath, Amit Grover, Daksh Gadi
INTRODUCTION: Posterior hip dislocation of the hip with acetabular fracture is a challenging problem to treat. Such dislocations are associated with avascular necrosis of the femoral head if neglected. Managing such conditions with total hip replacement (THR) is very difficult because of associated altered anatomy. CASE PRESENTATION: We hereby report a two-year neglected hip dislocation with associated acetabular fracture successfully treated with uncemented THR...
November 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164058/a-rare-case-of-morel-lavallee-syndrome-complicating-an-anterior-dislocation-of-hip-joint
#13
Supreeth Nekkanti, C Vijay, Sujana Theja, R Ravi Shankar, Anubhav Verma
INTRODUCTION: Hip dislocations are serious injuries as hip joint is an extremely stable joint. It requires a significant amount of force to produce such an injury. Anterior dislocations are uncommon. Potential complications of anterior hip dislocations are a neurovascular injury to femoral vessels or acetabular fractures. CASE REPORT: We report a rare late complication of Morel-Lavallee syndrome occurring 3 weeks after an anterior dislocation of the hip in a 43-year-old male...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163241/application-of-3d-printing-for-treating-fractures-of-both-columns-of-the-acetabulum-benefit-of-pre-contouring-plates-on-the-mirrored-healthy-pelvis
#14
Peter Upex, Pomme Jouffroy, Guillaume Riouallon
Acetabular fractures can be challenging to treat, in part because the shape of the fixation plates needs to be adjusted during the surgical procedure. One possibility is to generate a model of the uninjured half of a fractured pelvis with 3D printing, and then pre-contour the fixation plates preoperatively on this model. The purpose of this technical note is to describe how we used 3D printing as an aid to treat acetabular fractures. The quality of the fracture reduction, fracture fixation and time savings were evaluated...
February 2, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154812/qivas-therapy-for-treatment-of-implant-associated-mdr-bacterial-infection
#15
Varun Chouhan
INTRODUCTION: Orthopedic implant-associated infections are difficult to treat, both physically and psychologically, for the patient and the surgeon as well. Organisms capable of forming biofilms tend to be more virulent and have ability of causing chronic infections. Chronic implant associated infections are very difficult to treat, requires a lot of time, money and other resources. Chronic infections produce a lot of morbidity and sometimes mortality to the patient. CASE REPORT: A 40-year-old male treated for bilateral acetabular fracture sustained after fall from height due to an episode of seizure...
April 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150224/isolated-acetabular-revision-with-femoral-stem-retention-after-bipolar-hip-arthroplasty
#16
Nobuhiro Kaku, Tomonori Tabata, Hiroaki Tagomori, Hiroshi Tsumura
INTRODUCTION: In bipolar hemiarthroplasty, migration of the outer cup component into the acetabular cup, with evidence of severe osteolysis in the acetabulum, commonly occurs without loosening of the femoral component. The merits of retaining the stable femoral component in these cases have been debated. Our study aimed to determine whether revision of the acetabular component in isolation could be successfully performed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of 54 patients (61 hips), 44 women, and 10 men, aged 67...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145950/increased-mortality-in-elderly-patients-with-sarcopenia-and-acetabular-fractures
#17
Matthew E Deren, Jacob Babu, Eric M Cohen, Jason Machan, Christopher T Born, Roman Hayda
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is a condition of clinically relevant loss of muscle mass and function. Acetabular fractures in elderly patients are common and difficult to treat. This study aimed to determine if sarcopenia is common in elderly patients with acetabular fractures and correlates with lower-energy mechanisms of injury, higher rates of complications, and higher mortality than patients with normal muscle mass. METHODS: The Rhode Island Hospital Trauma Database was queried for patients who were ≥60 years of age from 2005 to 2014 using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, code for closed acetabular fracture, 808...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121928/cementless-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-retrospective-observational-study
#18
Jun Xu, Min Zeng, Jie Xie, Ting Wen, Yihe Hu
Controversies on the surgical protocols and efficacies of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) still exist. The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyze the perioperative managements and their outcomes related to performing THA on patients with AS.Data of 54 AS patients who underwent 81 THAs between 2008 and 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical and imaging data were collected preoperatively, postoperatively, and during the follow-up period for surgical efficacy.Using posterolateral approach, cementless prostheses were selected in all cases...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116262/acetabular-prosthetic-protrusio-after-bipolar-hemi-arthroplasty-of-the-hip-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Jason Bt Lim, Chia Liang Ang, Hee Nee Pang
INTRODUCTION: Bipolar hemi-arthroplasty of the hip is a commonly performed procedure in elderly patients with intra-capsular fracture of the neck of the femur with good short-term results for pain relief, return to activity and morbidity. The incidence of intra-pelvic prosthesis migration or protrusion is rare and one of the inciting factors is chronic low-grade sepsis. Acetabular prosthesis protrusion poses a difficult and challenging surgical problem due to surrounding neurovascular structures...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111703/total-hip-replacement-in-complex-acetabular-fractures-using-a-coned-hemipelvic-acetabular-component
#20
Samuel E McMahon, Laurence A Cusick
Acetabular fractures in the elderly are a challenging clinical problem due to both the complex nature of operative intervention, osteoporotic bone and the multiple comorbidities of the patients involved. They are associated with poor functional outcomes and high levels of morbidity and mortality. Treatment currently ranges from conservative treatment, open reduction internal fixation and variations of total hip arthroplasty. We present the surgical technique and early results of the use of a coned hemipelvic acetabular component in the primary treatment of these complex injuries...
January 23, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
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