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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286619/comparison-of-diagnostic-yield-of-a-fish-panel-against-conventional-cytogenetic-studies-for-hematological-malignancies-a-south-indian-referral-laboratory-analysis-of-201-cases
#1
Vishal Ashok, Ramya Ranganathan, Smitha Chander, Sharat Damodar, Sunil Bhat, Nataraj K S, Satish Kumar A, Sachin Suresh Jadav, Mahesh Rajashekaraiah, Sundareshan T S
Objectives: Genetic markers are crucial fort diagnostic and prognostic investigation of hematological malignancies (HM). The conventional cytogenetic study (CCS) has been the gold standard for more than five decades. However, FISH (Fluorescence in Situ Hybridization) testing has become a popular modality owing to its targeted approach and the ability to detect abnormalities in non-mitotic cells. We here aimed to compare the diagnostic yields of a FISH panel against CCS in HMs. Methods: Samples of bone marrow and peripheral blood for a total of 201 HMs were tested for specific gene rearrangements using multi-target FISH and the results were compared with those from CCS...
December 29, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220522/meta-analysis-of-genome-wide-association-studies-identifies-8-novel-loci-involved-in-shape-variation-of-human-head-hair
#2
Fan Liu, Yan Chen, Gu Zhu, Pirro G Hysi, Sijie Wu, Kaustubh Adhikari, Krystal Breslin, Ewelina Pospiech, Merel A Hamer, Fuduan Peng, Charanya Muralidharan, Victor Acuna-Alonzo, Samuel Canizales-Quinteros, Gabriel Bedoya, Carla Gallo, Giovanni Poletti, Francisco Rothhammer, Maria Catira Bortolini, Rolando Gonzalez-Jose, Changqing Zeng, Shuhua Xu, Li Jin, André G Uitterlinden, M Arfan Ikram, Cornelia M van Duijn, Tamar Nijsten, Susan Walsh, Wojciech Branicki, Sijia Wang, Andrés Ruiz-Linares, Timothy D Spector, Nicholas G Martin, Sarah E Medland, Manfred Kayser
Shape variation of human head hair shows striking variation within and between human populations, while its genetic basis is far from being understood. We performed a series of genome-wide association studies (GWASs) and replication studies in a total of 28,964 subjects from 9 cohorts from multiple geographic origins. A meta-analysis of three European GWASs identified 8 novel loci (1p36.23 ERRFI1/SLC45A1, 1p36.22 PEX14, 1p36.13 PADI3, 2p13.3 TGFA, 11p14.1 LGR4, 12q13.13 HOXC13, 17q21.2 KRTAP, and 20q13.33 PTK6), and confirmed 4 previously known ones (1q21...
December 6, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212897/genetic-variants-contributing-to-circulating-matrix-metalloproteinase-8-levels-and-their-association-with-cardiovascular-diseases-a-genome-wide-analysis
#3
Aino Salminen, Efthymia Vlachopoulou, Aki S Havulinna, Taina Tervahartiala, Wolfgang Sattler, Marja-Liisa Lokki, Markku S Nieminen, Markus Perola, Veikko Salomaa, Juha Sinisalo, Seppo Meri, Timo Sorsa, Pirkko J Pussinen
BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinase 8 (MMP-8) is a proinflammatory enzyme expressed mainly by neutrophils. Elevated serum and plasma concentrations of MMP-8 are associated with the risk for and outcome of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). The origin of circulating MMP-8 is not completely clear. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a genome-wide association study of serum MMP-8 levels in 2 populations comprising altogether 6049 individuals. Moreover, we studied whether MMP-8-associated variants are linked to increased risk of CVDs and overall mortality in >20 000 subjects...
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209123/prediction-of-early-stage-hepatocellular-carcinoma-using-oncoscan-chromosomal-copy-number-aberration-data
#4
Ming-Chin Yu, Chao-Wei Lee, Yun-Shien Lee, Jang-Hau Lian, Chia-Lung Tsai, Yi-Ping Liu, Chun-Hsing Wu, Chi-Neu Tsai
AIM: To identify chromosomal copy number aberrations (CNAs) in early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and analyze whether they are correlated with patient prognosis. METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients with early-stage HCC were enrolled in our study, with the collection of formalin fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) specimens and clinicopathological data. Tumor areas were marked by certified pathologists on a hematoxylin and eosin-stained slide, and cancer and adjacent non-cancerous tissues underwent extraction of DNA, which was analyzed with the Affymetrix OncoScan platform to assess CNAs and loss of heterozygosity (LOH)...
November 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187755/a-mouse-model-of-the-schizophrenia-associated-1q21-1-microdeletion-syndrome-exhibits-altered-mesolimbic-dopamine-transmission
#5
Jacob Nielsen, Kim Fejgin, Florence Sotty, Vibeke Nielsen, Arne Mørk, Claus T Christoffersen, Leonid Yavich, Jes B Lauridsen, Dorte Clausen, Peter H Larsen, Jan Egebjerg, Thomas M Werge, Pekka Kallunki, Kenneth V Christensen, Michael Didriksen
1q21.1 hemizygous microdeletion is a copy number variant leading to eightfold increased risk of schizophrenia. In order to investigate biological alterations induced by this microdeletion, we generated a novel mouse model (Df(h1q21)/+) and characterized it in a broad test battery focusing on schizophrenia-related assays. Df(h1q21)/+ mice displayed increased hyperactivity in response to amphetamine challenge and increased sensitivity to the disruptive effects of amphetamine and phencyclidine hydrochloride (PCP) on prepulse inhibition...
November 30, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173597/congenital-heart-disease-and-neurodevelopment-clinical-manifestations-genetics-mechanisms-and-implications
#6
REVIEW
Sarah N Nattel, Laura Adrianzen, Erica C Kessler, Gregor Andelfinger, Mathieu Dehaes, Gabriel Côté-Corriveau, M Pilar Trelles
Children with congenital heart disease (CHD) are at increased risk of neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) and psychiatric conditions. These include cognitive, adaptive, motor, speech, behavioural, and executive functioning deficits, as well as autism spectrum disorder and psychiatric conditions. Structural and functional neuroimaging have demonstrated brain abnormalities in young children with CHD before undergoing surgical repair, likely as a result of an in utero developmental insult. Surgical factors do not seem to play a significant role in neurodevelopmental outcomes...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166734/-a-retrospective-study-of-the-bird-regimen-in-the-treatment-of-relapsed-refractory-multiple-myeloma
#7
X L Liu, L Li, Q L Shi, L J Chen, X X Cao, J Li, A J Liao, D H Zou, J N Sun, S J Gao, W Li, J Hou, F Y Jin
Objective: To evaluate efficacy of the BiRd regimen, a combination of clarithromycin, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone, in the treatment of patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) . Methods: Patients with RRMM treated with BiRd between September 11, 2013 and August 1, 2016 at six centers were included to evaluate overall survival rate (ORR) , clinical benefit rate (CBR) , progression-free survival (PFS) , overall survival (OS) , as well as adverse events. Results: Of 30 patients with RRMM, 27 patients were evaluable, and ORR and CBR were 51...
October 14, 2017: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130988/recurrent-copy-number-variants-associated-with-syndromic-short-stature-of-unknown-cause
#8
Thais K Homma, Ana C V Krepischi, Tatiane K Furuya, Rachel S Honjo, Alexsandra C Malaquias, Debora R Bertola, Silvia S Costa, Ana P Canton, Rosimeire A Roela, Bruna L Freire, Chong A Kim, Carla Rosenberg, Alexander A L Jorge
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Genetic imbalances are responsible for many cases of short stature of unknown etiology. This study aims to identify recurrent pathogenic copy number variants (CNVs) in patients with syndromic short stature of unknown cause. METHODS: We selected 229 children with short stature and dysmorphic features, developmental delay, and/or intellectual disability, but without a recognized syndrome. All patients were evaluated by chromosomal microarray (array-based comparative genomic hybridization/single nucleotide polymorphism array)...
November 9, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103005/the-effects-of-microduplication-1q21-1-and-in-utero-isotretinoin-exposure
#9
Sarah Kirsten Taylor, Remy Toko
The impact of in-utero isotretinoin exposure has been widely reported, with many affected pregnancies failing to reach term.(1 2) Due to the low numbers of in-utero isotretinoin exposed pregnancies, the interactions between this drug and rare genetic defects such as microduplication 1q21.1 are unclear, particularly how they might manifest phenotypically. We present this case of in-utero isotretinoin exposure occurring in a child with microduplication 1q21.1. The child was born with congenital abnormalities which did not fit into a single syndrome...
November 4, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054911/ixazomib-significantly-prolongs-progression-free-survival-in-high-risk-relapsed-refractory-myeloma-patients
#10
Hervé Avet-Loiseau, Nizar J Bahlis, Wee-Joo Chng, Tamas Masszi, Luisa Viterbo, Ludek Pour, Peter Ganly, Antonio Palumbo, Michele Cavo, Christian Langer, Andrzej Pluta, Arnon Nagler, Shaji Kumar, Dina Ben-Yehuda, S Vincent Rajkumar, Jesus San-Miguel, Deborah Berg, Jianchang Lin, Helgi van de Velde, Dixie-Lee Esseltine, Alessandra di Bacco, Philippe Moreau, Paul G Richardson
Certain cytogenetic abnormalities are known to adversely impact outcomes in patients with multiple myeloma (MM). The phase 3 TOURMALINE-MM1 study demonstrated a significant improvement in progression-free survival (PFS) with ixazomib-lenalidomide-dexamethasone (IRd) compared with placebo-lenalidomide-dexamethasone (placebo-Rd). This preplanned analysis assessed the efficacy and safety of IRd vs placebo-Rd according to cytogenetic risk, as assessed using fluorescence in situ hybridization. High-risk cytogenetic abnormalities were defined as del(17p), t(4;14), and/or t(14;16); additionally, patients were assessed for 1q21 amplification...
December 14, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027723/the-diagnostic-yield-of-chromosomal-microarray-analysis-in-fetuses-with-increased-nuchal-translucency-a-french-multicentre-retrospective-study
#11
Matthieu Egloff, Bérénice Hervé, Thibaud Quibel, Sylvie Jaillard, Gwenaelle Le Bouar, Kevin Uguen, Anne-Hélène Saliou, Mylène Valduga, Estelle Perdriolle, Charles Coutton, Anne-Laure Coston, Aurélie Coussement, Olivia Anselem, Chantal Missirian, Florence Bretelle, Fabienne Prieur, Cécile Fanget, Christine Muti, Marie-Christine Jacquemot, Claire Beneteau, Claudine Le Vaillant, Michel Vekemans, Laurent J Salomon, François Vialard, Valerie Malan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to determine the frequency and nature of Copy Number Variants (CNVs) identified by chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) in a large cohort of fetuses with a strictly isolated, increased nuchal translucency (NT) above or equal to 3.5 mm. METHODS: This is a retrospective, multicentre study including eleven French hospitals over a period between April 2012 and December 2015 in which 720 fetuses were analysed by rapid aneuploidy test and CMA...
October 13, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027712/upregulation-of-ube2q1-via-gene-copy-number-gain-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-promotes-cancer-progression-through-%C3%AE-catenin-egfr-pi3k-akt-mtor-signaling-pathway
#12
Bin Zhang, Chao Deng, Lei Wang, Fan Zhou, Shu Zhang, Wei Kang, Ping Zhan, Juan Chen, Shanshan Shen, Huimin Guo, Ming Zhang, Yi Wang, Feng Zhang, Wei Zhang, Jiangqiang Xiao, Bo Kong, Helmut Friess, Yuzheng Zhuge, Hongli Yan, Xiaoping Zou
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common type of liver cancer and represents a highly malignant tumor with a poor prognosis. Therapeutic modalities for HCC are limited and generally ineffective. UBE2Q1 is a putative E2 ubiquitin conjugating enzyme, and has been shown to be overexpressed in various types of cancers including HCC. How UBE2Q1 contributes to hepatocarcinogenesis remains unknown. Here, we show that UBE2Q1 is up-regulated in HCC cell lines and in a subset of human HCC tissues. Up-regulation of UBE2Q1 in primary HCC tumors was significantly correlated with shorter overall survival and disease-free survival...
October 13, 2017: Molecular Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986368/chromosome-1q21-3-amplification-is-linked-to-breast-cancer-recurrence
#13
(no author information available yet)
The 1q21.3 amplification can be detected in cfDNA from most patients with recurrent breast cancer.
November 2017: Cancer Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981937/-application-of-chromosomal-microarray-analysis-for-fetuses-with-ventricular-septal-defects
#14
Qiong Deng, Fang Fu, Ru Li, Xiangyi Jing, Tingying Lei, Xin Yang, Min Pan, Li Zhen, Jin Han, Can Liao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the genetic etiology of fetuses with ventricular septal defects (VSD) using chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA). METHODS: A total of 248 fetuses were divided into isolated VSD group, VSD with other cardiac and/or great vessels malformation group, VSD with extra-cardiac anomalies group (including malformation and sonographic soft markers), and VSD with both cardiac and extra-cardiac anomalies group. Standard karyotyping was carried out for all fetuses, and CMA was performed for 6 fetuses with an abnormal karyotype and a proportion of fetuses with a normal karyotype...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978130/body-fat-composition-as-predictive-factor-for-treatment-response-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-multiple-myeloma-subgroup-analysis-of-the-prospective-gmmg-mm5-trial
#15
Jonathan P GroΔ, Johanna Nattenmüller, Stefan Hemmer, Diana Tichy, Julia Krzykalla, Hartmut Goldschmidt, Uta Bertsch, Stefan Delorme, Hans-Ulrich Kauczor, Jens Hillengass, Maximilian Merz
INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND: Obesity is a well-known risk factor for malignant tumors and increased body mass index (BMI) is correlated to the risk of developing multiple myeloma (MM). The correlation of body fat composition with disease activity, adverse events and treatment response of MM patients has not been investigated yet. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A subgroup of 108 patients from a single institution enrolled in the prospective GMMG-MM5 trial, who received a whole-body low-dose computed tomography (WBLDCT) before induction therapy, were included in this study...
September 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967919/chromosome-1q21-3-amplification-is-a-trackable-biomarker-and-actionable-target-for-breast-cancer-recurrence
#16
Jian Yuan Goh, Min Feng, Wenyu Wang, Gokce Oguz, Siti Maryam J M Yatim, Puay Leng Lee, Yi Bao, Tse Hui Lim, Panpan Wang, Wai Leong Tam, Annette R Kodahl, Maria B Lyng, Suman Sarma, Selena Y Lin, Alexander Lezhava, Yoon Sim Yap, Alvin S T Lim, Dave S B Hoon, Henrik J Ditzel, Soo Chin Lee, Ern Yu Tan, Qiang Yu
Tumor recurrence remains the main reason for breast cancer-associated mortality, and there are unmet clinical demands for the discovery of new biomarkers and development of treatment solutions to benefit patients with breast cancer at high risk of recurrence. Here we report the identification of chromosomal copy-number amplification at 1q21.3 that is enriched in subpopulations of breast cancer cells bearing characteristics of tumor-initiating cells (TICs) and that strongly associates with breast cancer recurrence...
November 2017: Nature Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963451/cnv-association-meta-analysis-in-191-161-european-adults-reveals-new-loci-associated-with-anthropometric-traits
#17
Aurélien Macé, Marcus A Tuke, Patrick Deelen, Kati Kristiansson, Hannele Mattsson, Margit Nõukas, Yadav Sapkota, Ursula Schick, Eleonora Porcu, Sina Rüeger, Aaron F McDaid, David Porteous, Thomas W Winkler, Erika Salvi, Nick Shrine, Xueping Liu, Wei Q Ang, Weihua Zhang, Mary F Feitosa, Cristina Venturini, Peter J van der Most, Anders Rosengren, Andrew R Wood, Robin N Beaumont, Samuel E Jones, Katherine S Ruth, Hanieh Yaghootkar, Jessica Tyrrell, Aki S Havulinna, Harmen Boers, Reedik Mägi, Jennifer Kriebel, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Markus Perola, Markku Nieminen, Marja-Liisa Lokki, Mika Kähönen, Jorma S Viikari, Frank Geller, Jari Lahti, Aarno Palotie, Päivikki Koponen, Annamari Lundqvist, Harri Rissanen, Erwin P Bottinger, Saima Afaq, Mary K Wojczynski, Petra Lenzini, Ilja M Nolte, Thomas Sparsø, Nicole Schupf, Kaare Christensen, Thomas T Perls, Anne B Newman, Thomas Werge, Harold Snieder, Timothy D Spector, John C Chambers, Seppo Koskinen, Mads Melbye, Olli T Raitakari, Terho Lehtimäki, Martin D Tobin, Louise V Wain, Juha Sinisalo, Annette Peters, Thomas Meitinger, Nicholas G Martin, Naomi R Wray, Grant W Montgomery, Sarah E Medland, Morris A Swertz, Erkki Vartiainen, Katja Borodulin, Satu Männistö, Anna Murray, Murielle Bochud, Sébastien Jacquemont, Fernando Rivadeneira, Thomas F Hansen, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Massimo Mangino, Michael A Province, Panos Deloukas, Jaspal S Kooner, Rachel M Freathy, Craig Pennell, Bjarke Feenstra, David P Strachan, Guillaume Lettre, Joel Hirschhorn, Daniele Cusi, Iris M Heid, Caroline Hayward, Katrin Männik, Jacques S Beckmann, Ruth J F Loos, Dale R Nyholt, Andres Metspalu, Johan G Eriksson, Michael N Weedon, Veikko Salomaa, Lude Franke, Alexandre Reymond, Timothy M Frayling, Zoltán Kutalik
There are few examples of robust associations between rare copy number variants (CNVs) and complex continuous human traits. Here we present a large-scale CNV association meta-analysis on anthropometric traits in up to 191,161 adult samples from 26 cohorts. The study reveals five CNV associations at 1q21.1, 3q29, 7q11.23, 11p14.2, and 18q21.32 and confirms two known loci at 16p11.2 and 22q11.21, implicating at least one anthropometric trait. The discovered CNVs are recurrent and rare (0.01-0.2%), with large effects on height (>2...
September 29, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929285/genomic-disorders-in-psychiatry-what-does-the-clinician-need-to-know
#18
REVIEW
Chelsea Lowther, Gregory Costain, Danielle A Baribeau, Anne S Bassett
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize the role of genomic disorders in various psychiatric conditions and to highlight important recent advances in the field that are of potential clinical relevance. RECENT FINDINGS: Genomic disorders are caused by large rare recurrent deletions and duplications at certain chromosomal "hotspots" (e.g., 22q11.2, 16p11.2, 15q11-q13, 1q21.1, 15q13.3) across the genome. Most overlap multiple genes, affect development, and are associated with variable cognitive and other neuropsychiatric expression...
September 20, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905115/clinical-application-of-snp-array-analysis-in-fetuses-with-ventricular-septal-defects-and-normal-karyotypes
#19
Fang Fu, Qiong Deng, Ting-Ying Lei, Ru Li, Xiang-Yi Jing, Xin Yang, Can Liao
PURPOSE: The present study aims to evaluate the utility of high-resolution single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays in fetuses with ventricular septal defects (VSDs) with or without other structural anomalies but with normal karyotypes and to investigate the outcomes of cases of prenatal VSDs via clinical follow-up. METHODS: We analyzed 144 fetuses with VSDs and normal karyotypes using Affymetrix CytoScan HD arrays and the analyses were carried out a year after birth...
November 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894575/genomic-imbalances-and-myb-fusion-in-synchronous-bilateral-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-and-invasive-lobular-carcinoma-of-the-breast
#20
Anikó Kovács, Fredrik Persson, Marta Persson, Mattias K Andersson, Göran Stenman
The incidence of synchronous bilateral breast carcinomas (BBCs) has increased with a more frequent use of magnetic resonance imaging screening of the contralateral breast in women with newly diagnosed breast cancer. A total of 30% of all BBCs occur synchronously. In the present study, we describe a unique case of synchronous BBC in a 59-year-old previously healthy woman with no known family history of breast or ovarian cancer. At the time of diagnosis the patient had an invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) in the right breast and an adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) in the left breast...
September 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
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