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menarche and height

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097202/distinct-effects-of-obesity-and-puberty-on-risk-and-age-at-onset-of-pediatric-ms
#1
Tanuja Chitnis, Jennifer Graves, Bianca Weinstock-Guttman, Anita Belman, Cody Olsen, Madhusmita Misra, Gregory Aaen, Leslie Benson, Meghan Candee, Mark Gorman, Benjamin Greenberg, Lauren Krupp, Timothy Lotze, Soe Mar, Jayne Ness, John Rose, Jennifer Rubin, Teri Schreiner, Jan Tillema, Amy Waldman, Moses Rodriguez, Charlie Casper, Emmanuelle Waubant
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the relative contributions of body mass index (BMI) and pubertal measures for risk and age of onset of pediatric MS. METHODS: Case-control study of 254 (63% female) MS cases (onset<18 years of age) and 420 (49% female) controls conducted at 14 U.S. Pediatric MS Centers. Sex- and age-stratified BMI percentiles were calculated using CDC growth charts from height and weight measured at enrollment for controls, and within 1 year of onset for MS cases...
December 2016: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057133/-association-between-age-at-menarche-and-height-and-leg-length-in-adult-women-findings-from-survey-in-10-areas-in-china
#2
L L Lin, B Zheng, J Lyu, Y Guo, Z Bian, C Q Yu, L Yang, H Y Zhou, Y L Tan, P Pei, J S Chen, Z M Chen, L M Li
Objective: To describe the regional differences and secular trend in age at menarche, height and leg length in adult women aged 30-79 years in 10 areas included in China Kadoorie Biobank study (CKB), and evaluate the association between age at menarche and height and leg length in adult women in China. Methods: A total of 285 187 women, who had data on age at menarche and who had their menarche at the age between 9-18 years, were included in the analysis. Multiple linear regression models were used to assess the association between age at menarche and height and leg length...
November 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013319/determinants-of-bmi-category-changes-during-middle-childhood-and-adolescence-in-girls
#3
Katarzyna Kliś, Anna Majcher, Monika Paluchowska, Iwona Wronka
The aim of the study was to analyse the changes in BMI category between 7 and 16-18 years of age on the basis of continuous studies and evaluate which factors are related to the increase and decrease in BMI category. Data were collected from 1008 secondary school students aged 16-18 y. Body height and weight were measured and BMI was calculated. Information on height and body mass in earlier periods of life was retrieved from medical records. Age at menarche and socio-economic status was established on the basis of a questionnaire...
2016: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993449/growth-and-final-height-of-children-with-gaucher-disease-a-15-year-follow-up-at-an-israeli-gaucher-center
#4
Espen Mendelsohn, Amos Meir, Aya Abrahamov, Deborah Elstein, Ari Zimran, Floris Levy-Khademi
BACKGROUND: It is held that enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) accelerates the growth rate in children with Gaucher disease, but its effect on final height has not been established with certainty. This study presents final heights of Gaucher patients followed up for 15years. METHODS: The study included 41 adults with non-neuronopathic Gaucher disease. The final height of the patients and age at puberty was compared to their mid-parental target height and to their siblings' heights...
December 9, 2016: Blood Cells, Molecules & Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923781/population-attributable-risk-of-modifiable-and-nonmodifiable-breast-cancer-risk-factors-in-postmenopausal-breast-cancer
#5
Rulla M Tamimi, Donna Spiegelman, Stephanie A Smith-Warner, Molin Wang, Mathew Pazaris, Walter C Willett, A Heather Eliassen, David J Hunter
We examined the proportions of multiple types of breast cancers in the population that were attributable to established risk factors, focusing on behaviors that are modifiable at menopause. We estimated the full and partial population attributable risk percentages (PAR%) by combining the relative risks and the observed prevalence rates of the risk factors of interest. A total of 8,421 cases of invasive breast cancer developed in postmenopausal women (n = 121,700) in the Nurses' Health Study from 1980-2010...
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916781/gradually-increasing-ethinyl-estradiol-for-turner-syndrome-may-produce-good-final-height-but-not-ideal-bmd
#6
Yukihiro Hasegawa, Daisuke Ariyasu, Masako Izawa, Junko Igaki-Miyamoto, Mami Fukuma, Megumi Hatano, Hiroko Yagi, Masahiro Goto
Estrogen replacement therapy in Turner syndrome should theoretically mimic the physiology of healthy girls. The objective of this study was to describe final height and bone mineral density (BMD) in a group of 17 Turner syndrome patients (group E) who started their ethinyl estradiol therapy with an ultra-low dosage (1-5 ng/kg/day) from 9.8˜13.7 years. The subjects in group E had been treated with GH 0.35 mg/kg/week since the average age of 7.4 years. The 30 subjects in group L, one of the historical groups, were given comparable doses of GH, and conjugated estrogen 0...
December 2, 2016: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909133/the-use-of-the-distal-radius-and-ulna-classification-for-the-prediction-of-growth-peak-growth-spurt-and-growth-cessation
#7
J P Y Cheung, P W H Cheung, D Samartzis, K M C Cheung, K D K Luk
AIMS: We report the use of the distal radius and ulna (DRU) classification for the prediction of peak growth (PG) and growth cessation (GC) in 777 patients with idiopathic scoliosis. We compare this classification with other commonly used parameters of maturity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The following data were extracted from the patients' records and radiographs: chronological age, body height (BH), arm span (AS), date of menarche, Risser sign, DRU grade and status of the phalangeal and metacarpal physes...
December 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891415/urban-rural-comparison-of-anthropometry-and-menarcheal-status-of-adolescent-school-going-girls-of-jodhpur-rajasthan-india
#8
Shyama Choudhary, Satyendra Khichar, Dhanraj Dabi, Manish Parakh, Pawan K Dara, Poonam Parakh, Suyasha Vyas, Bindu Deopa
INTRODUCTION: Adolescence is the formative period of life. Poor adolescent health translates into poor maternal health leading to increased maternal morbidity with inter-generational consequences. AIM: To compare anthropometric, socio-demographic, menstrual and nutritional status of rural and urban adolescent school going girls of Western Rajasthan, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional comparative study was conducted in two rural schools and one urban school of Jodhpur region...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692528/pediatric-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-age-gender-and-anthropometric-features-at-diagnosis-in-a-large-retrospective-multisite-cohort
#9
Claire A Sheldon, Grace L Paley, Rui Xiao, Anat Kesler, Ori Eyal, Melissa W Ko, Chantal J Boisvert, Robert A Avery, Vincenzo Salpietro, Paul H Phillips, Gena Heidary, Shana E McCormack, Grant T Liu
PURPOSE: To examine anthropometric and maturational characteristics at diagnosis in pediatric idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). DESIGN: Retrospective, international, multisite study. PARTICIPANTS: Pediatric patients (2-18 years of age at diagnosis) with IIH. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Body mass index (BMI), height, and weight Z-scores; sexual maturation. METHODS: Cases of IIH were identified retrospectively based on diagnostic code, pediatric neuro-ophthalmologist databases, or both and updated diagnostic criteria (2013) were applied to confirm definite IIH...
November 2016: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670362/weight-for-length-height-growth-curves-for-children-and-adolescents-in-china-in-comparison-with-body-mass-index-in-prevalence-estimates-of-malnutrition
#10
Xinnan Zong, Hui Li, Yaqin Zhang, Huahong Wu
BACKGROUND: It is important to update weight-for-length/height growth curves in China and reexamine their performance in screening malnutrition. AIM: To develop weight-for-length/height growth curves for Chinese children and adolescents. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 94,302 children aged 0-19 years with complete sex, age, weight and length/height data were obtained from two cross-sectional large-scaled national surveys in China. Weight-for-length/height growth curves were constructed using the LMS method before and after average spermarcheal/menarcheal ages, respectively...
September 26, 2016: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660104/impact-of-the-age-at-menarche-on-body-composition-in-adulthood-results-from-two-birth-cohort-studies
#11
Susana Bubach, Ana Maria Baptista Menezes, Fernando Celso Barros, Fernando César Wehrmeister, Helen Gonçalves, Maria Cecília Formoso Assunção, Bernardo Lessa Horta
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that early menarche is positively associated with adiposity in adulthood. However, it is important to assess whether this association is due to early menarche or to the association of adiposity in late childhood with age at menarche. We evaluated the association between age at menarche and body composition in adolescence and adulthood, among subjects who have been prospectively followed in two Brazilian birth cohort studies. METHODS: In 1982 and 1993, the hospitals births in Pelotas were identified, and these subjects have been followed for several times...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649000/cross-sectional-observational-study-of-nipple-and-areola-changes-during-pubertal-development-and-after-menarche-in-313-italian-girls
#12
Vincenzo De Sanctis, Ihab Zaki Elhakim, Ashraf T Soliman, Heba Elsedfy, Nada Soliman, Rania Elalaily
: Obiective: To describe the characteristics of nipple development during puberty in Italian females. In addition this is compared with Tanner criteria for breast and pubic hair development at different stages and correlated with body mass index (BMI) and the menstrual age. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Italian children and adolescents consecutively assessed at the Endocrine and Adolescent Outpatient Clinic of Private Accredited Quisisana Hospital of Ferrara...
2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648012/association-between-age-at-menarche-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-china-a-large-population-based-investigation
#13
Yansong Zheng, Guilan Zhang, Zhilai Chen, Qiang Zeng
BACKGROUND: The association between age at menarche (AAM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) has previously been investigated with controversial results. The relationship between the psychological characteristic of AAM and many cardiovascular risk factors remains unclear. PURPOSE: To assess the association between AAM and CVD risk factors in a large population. DESIGN AND SETTING: 13,242 women aged 24-79 years were recruited from China mainland during 2009-2013 for a cross-sectional, population-based study to investigate the association between AAM and CVD risk factors...
August 2016: Cardiorenal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599475/correlation-of-body-mass-index-levels-with-menarche-in-adolescent-girls-in-shaanxi-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Zhenjie Wang, Shaonong Dang, Yuan Xing, Qiang Li, Hong Yan
BACKGROUND: Menarche is a milestone for adolescent girls. The timing of menarche is influenced by genetics, social status and nutritional status (e.g., height, weight and body mass index [BMI]) and impacts future health (e.g., obesity and breast cancer). There have been many studies on trends in age at menarche among adolescent girls in China, but few have investigated associations between growth status and the timing of menarche. This study examined the association between age at menarche and growth status among adolescent girls in Western China...
2016: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544720/factors-associated-with-post-menarcheal-growth-results-of-a-longitudinal-study-in-chilean-girls-from-different-socioeconomic-statuses
#15
Ximena Gaete, Patricia López, Nancy Unanue, Ethel Codner, Gabriel Cavada, Verónica Mericq
BACKGROUND: Menarche is the last stage of pubertal development, which coincides, with the completion of longitudinal growth. Our aim was to evaluate, post-menarcheal growth and clinical variables proposed to be associated with this growth. METHODS: In a prospective fashion, 106 healthy girls attending five different socioeconomic status (SES) schools of Santiago were randomly recruited. A pediatric endocrinologist obtained anthropometrics and registration of date at menarche every 6 months...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536085/bfh-ost-a-new-predictive-screening-tool-for-identifying-osteoporosis-in-postmenopausal-han-chinese-women
#16
Zhao Ma, Yong Yang, JiSheng Lin, XiaoDong Zhang, Qian Meng, BingQiang Wang, Qi Fei
PURPOSE: To develop a simple new clinical screening tool to identify primary osteoporosis by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in postmenopausal women and to compare its validity with the Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool for Asians (OSTA) in a Han Chinese population. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted, enrolling 1,721 community-dwelling postmenopausal Han Chinese women. All the subjects completed a structured questionnaire and had their bone mineral density measured using DXA...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472358/exploring-the-dietary-patterns-of-young-new-zealand-women-and-associations-with-bmi-and-body-fat
#17
Jenna K Schrijvers, Sarah A McNaughton, Kathryn L Beck, Rozanne Kruger
Examining dietary patterns provides an alternative approach to investigating dietary behaviors related to excess adiposity. The study aim was to investigate dietary patterns and body composition profiles of New Zealand European (NZE) women, participating in the women's EXPLORE (Examining the Predictors Linking Obesity Related Elements) study. Post-menarche, pre-menopausal NZE women (16-45 years) (n = 231) completed a validated 220-item, self-administrated, semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated using measured height (cm) and weight (kg); body fat percentage (BF%) was measured using air displacement plethysmography (BodPod)...
July 26, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454175/maternal-age-of-menarche-and-blood-pressure-in-adolescence-evidence-from-hong-kong-s-children-of-1997-birth-cohort
#18
Tsz Chun Lai, Gabriel Matthew Leung, C Mary Schooling
BACKGROUND: Age of puberty has declined substantially in developed settings and is now declining in the rest of the world with economic development. Early age of puberty is associated with non-communicable diseases in adulthood, and may be a long-term driver of population health with effects over generations. In a non-Western setting, we examined the association of maternal age of menarche with blood pressure in late childhood/adolescence. METHODS: We used generalised estimating equations to estimate the adjusted association of maternal age of menarche with age-, sex- and height-adjusted blood pressure z-score from 10 to 16 years in Hong Kong's population-representative birth cohort, "Children of 1997" (n = 8327)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433862/age-at-menarche-androgen-concentrations-and-midlife-obesity-findings-from-the-midlife-women-s-health-study
#19
Lisa Gallicchio, Jodi A Flaws, Rebecca L Smith
OBJECTIVE: Studies have shown that earlier age at menarche is associated with a higher risk of midlife obesity; however, the mechanism underlying this association is not known. The purpose of this study was to examine whether the association between age at menarche and midlife obesity is due to variation in circulating androgen concentrations. METHODS: Baseline data were analyzed from 748 women aged 45 to 54 years enrolled in the Midlife Women's Health Study, a prospective cohort study conducted in the Baltimore, MD region...
November 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27402742/genetic-evidence-for-natural-selection-in-humans-in-the-contemporary-united-states
#20
Jonathan P Beauchamp
Recent findings from molecular genetics now make it possible to test directly for natural selection by analyzing whether genetic variants associated with various phenotypes have been under selection. I leverage these findings to construct polygenic scores that use individuals' genotypes to predict their body mass index, educational attainment (EA), glucose concentration, height, schizophrenia, total cholesterol, and (in females) age at menarche. I then examine associations between these scores and fitness to test whether natural selection has been occurring...
July 12, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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