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Silvia Echeverría-Sáenz, Freylan Mena, María Arias-Andrés, Seiling Vargas, Clemens Ruepert, Paul J Van den Brink, Luisa E Castillo, Jonas S Gunnarsson
The River Madre de Dios (RMD) and its lagoon is a biodiversity rich watershed formed by a system of streams, rivers, channels, and a coastal lagoon communicating with the Caribbean Sea. This basin sustains a large area of agricultural activity (mostly banana, rice, and pineapple) with intensive use of pesticides, continually detected in water samples. We investigated in situ the toxicological effects caused by pesticide runoff from agriculture and the relation of pesticide concentrations with different biological organization levels: early responses in fish biomarkers (sub-organismal), acute toxicity to Daphnia magna (organismal), and aquatic macroinvertebrate community structure...
October 18, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Xiaojuan Huang, Jung-Ho Shin, Azul Pinochet-Barros, Tina T Su, John D Helmann
The Bacillus subtilis MntR metalloregulatory protein senses manganese, an essential element required for central metabolism, oxidative stress resistance and replication. An mntR null mutant is highly sensitive to Mn(II) intoxication, which is attributed in part to the constitutive expression of two importers: the proton-dependent NRAMP family transporter MntH and the ABC transporter MntABCD. Here, we show that an mntR null mutant is still sensitive to Mn(II) intoxication even if both of the import systems are absent...
October 17, 2016: Molecular Microbiology
Azul Zorzoli, James P Grayczyk, Francis Alonzo
To thrive in diverse environments, bacteria must shift their metabolic output in response to nutrient bioavailability. In many bacterial species, such changes in metabolic flux depend upon lipoic acid, a cofactor required for the activity of enzyme complexes involved in glycolysis, the citric acid cycle, glycine catabolism, and branched chain fatty acid biosynthesis. The requirement of lipoic acid for metabolic enzyme activity necessitates that bacteria synthesize the cofactor and/or scavenge it from environmental sources...
October 2016: PLoS Pathogens
Mariano Palermo, Edgardo Serra
Background: Gastric bypass is a restrictive and malabsorptive surgery. The restrictive part consists in the creation of a small gastric pouch. The gastrointestinal bypass serves as the malabsorptive element. Aim: To describe a simplified gastric bypass approach for morbid obese patients, showing our results, and also remarking the importance of this technique for reducing the learning curve. Method: The patient is positioned in a split legs position and carefully strapped to the operating room table, with the surgeon between the patient's legs...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Daniela Soto, María Gomez-Serrano, Azul Pieralisi, Juan C Calvo, Belén Peral, Liliana N Guerra
OBJECTIVES: Reports investigating the effects of antioxidants on obesity have provided contradictory results. We have previously demonstrated that treatment with the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC) inhibits cellular triglyceride (Tg) accumulation as well as total cellular monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) expression in 3T3-L1 mature adipocytes (Calzadilla et al., Redox Rep. 2013;210-218). Here we analyzed the role of NAC on adipogenic differentiation pathway. METHODS: Assays were conducted using 3T3-L1 preadipocytes (undifferentiated cells: CC), which are capable of differentiating into mature adipocytes (differentiated cells: DC)...
September 27, 2016: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
Humberto Ferreira de Oliveira Quites, Mery Natali Silva Abreu, Leonardo Ferreira Matoso, Andrea Gazzinelli
Observational study that examined the quality of the preventive actions for schistosomiasis control in the Brazilian Family Health Strategy (FHS) in an endemic area. Structured questionnaires were used to interview 97 health professionals of the FHS and the Secretary of Health of 25 municipalities belonging to the State Health Department of Pedra Azul, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Models of latent variables were used to define a score to evaluate the quality of the process. The results showed that 57.8% of the FHS teams' actions were unsatisfactory or critical...
April 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
Guillermo Hernández-Cortés, Juan Octavio Valle-Rodríguez, Enrique J Herrera-López, Dulce María Díaz-Montaño, Yolanda González-García, Héctor B Escalona-Buendía, Jesús Córdova
Agave (Agave tequilana Weber var. azul) fermentations are traditionally carried out employing batch systems in the process of tequila manufacturing; nevertheless, continuous cultures could be an attractive technological alternative to increase productivity and efficiency of sugar to ethanol conversion. However, agave juice (used as a culture medium) has nutritional deficiencies that limit the implementation of yeast continuous fermentations, resulting in high residual sugars and low fermentative rates. In this work, fermentations of agave juice using Saccharomyces cerevisiae were put into operation to prove the necessity of supplementing yeast extract, in order to alleviate nutritional deficiencies of agave juice...
December 2016: AMB Express
David Azul, Ulrika Nygren, Maria Södersten, Christiane Neuschaefer-Rube
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate the currently available discursive and empirical data relating to those aspects of transmasculine people's vocal situations that are not primarily gender-related, to identify restrictions to voice function that have been observed in this population, and to make suggestions for future voice research and clinical practice. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive review of the voice literature. Publications were identified by searching six electronic databases and bibliographies of relevant articles...
June 15, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Hiromi Sato, Asami Funaki, Yuki Kimura, Mai Sumitomo, Hiroya Yoshida, Hideki Fukata, Koichi Ueno
In this study, we examined the cell differentiation effect of an ethanol extract of Cyclolepis genistoides D. Don, a herbaceous perennial belonging to the family Asteraceae (vernacular name: palo azul). Palo azul has numerous physiological effects that contribute to the prevention of metabolic syndromes, although the mechanism remains unclear. We previously suggested that palo azul has antidiabetic activity via an adipose differentiation effect. Here, we focused on whether palo azul promoted the differentiation of myoblasts...
July 2016: Nutrition Research
Luiz André C Brizeno, Ana Maria S Assreuy, Ana Paula N N Alves, Fabrício B Sousa, Paulo Goberlânio de B Silva, Suzana Cantanhede O Machado de Sousa, Nelise A S Lascane, Janaína Serra-Azul M Evangelista, Mário Rogério L Mota
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2016: Life Sciences
Allan P M Santos, Daniela M Takiya, Jorge L Nessimian
Metrichia is assigned to the Ochrotrichiinae, a group of almost exclusively Neotropical microcaddisflies. Metrichia comprises over 100 described species and, despite its diversity, only one species has been described from Brazil so far. In this paper, we provide descriptions for 20 new species from 8 Brazilian states: M. acuminata sp. nov., M. azul sp. nov., M. bonita sp. nov., M. bracui sp. nov., M. caraca sp. nov., M. circuliforme sp. nov., M. curta sp. nov., M. farofa sp. nov., M. forceps sp. nov., M. formosinha sp...
2016: PeerJ
Fabíola Carine Monteiro de Sousa, Antônio Rafael Coelho Jorge, Ramon Róseo Paula Pessoa Bezerra de Menezes, Alba Fabíola Costa Torres, Clarissa Perdigão Mello, Danya Bandeira Lima, Diva Maria Borges Nojosa, Alexandre Havt, Renata Sousa Alves, Alice Maria Costa Martins, Helena Serra Azul Monteiro
Bothrops erythromelas is responsible for a large number of snakebite incidents in Northeastern Brazil. Previously, we showed the effects of whole B. erythromelas venom in an isolated kidney model. To continue the study with B. erythromelas venom, the present work aims to study the effects of this venom on MDCK tubular epithelial cells and assess gene expression involved in kidney injury, aiming at elucidating the mechanisms responsible for renal toxicity. Cytotoxicity in MDCK cells showed an IC50 of 93 μg/mL and predominant apoptotic involvement demonstrated by flow cytometry assays and expression of caspase-3 and caspase-8...
August 2016: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
Ticiana Monteiro Abreu, Natássia Albuquerque Ribeiro, Hellíada Vasconcelos Chaves, Roberta Jeane Bezerra Jorge, Mirna Marques Bezerra, Helena Serra Azul Monteiro, Ilka Maria Vasconcelos, Érika Freitas Mota, Norma Maria Barros Benevides
Lectins are proteins that bind to specific mono- or oligosaccharides. This study aimed to evaluate the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of the lectin from the red marine alga Solieria filiformis. The animals (n = 6) were pretreated with S. filiformis lectin 30 min before they were given the nociceptive or inflammatory stimulus. The antinociceptive activity was evaluated in Swiss mice using the abdominal writhing, formalin, and hot plate tests. The anti-inflammatory properties were evaluated in Wistar rats using carrageenan-induced peritonitis and paw edema induced by different phlogistic agents...
May 2016: Planta Medica
Miguel de Araújo Nobre, António Mano Azul, Evangelista Rocha, Paulo Maló, Francisco Salvado
PURPOSE: This study aimed to estimate the impact of risk factors for peri-implant pathology, to identify potentially modifiable factors, and to evaluate the accuracy of the risk algorithm, risk scores and risk stratification. METHODS: This retrospective case-control study with 1275 patients (255 cases; 1020 controls) retrieved a model according to the predictors: history of Periodontitis, bacterial plaque, bleeding, bone level, lack of passive fit or non-optimal screw joint, metal-ceramic restoration, proximity to other implants/teeth, and smoking habits...
March 28, 2016: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
André Pedrinelli, Luiz Eugênio Garcez-Leme, Ricardo do Serro Azul Nobre
Physiological changes taking place on the locomotive apparatus as a result of aging, such as muscular mass loss, body balance loss, reduced bone mass and osteoarthrosis cause limitations to the daily activities of elderly people, compromising their quality of life and making them weaker and dependent. Aged people who regularly practice physical activities have a higher level of functional independence and a better quality of life than the sedentary ones. This article addresses the key physiological changes with aging and provides a review of current literature about the effects of physical exercises on the locomotive apparatus of elderly individuals, specifying the best ways to prescribe physical exercises to this age group...
January 2009: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
M Azul Forti-Buratti, Rupalim Saikia, Esther L Wilkinson, Paul G Ramchandani
The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of psychological treatments for depression in pre-adolescent children, a disorder affecting 1-2 % of children in this age range. A systematic review of studies of psychological interventions to treat depressive disorder in pre-adolescent children (aged up to 12-years-old) was carried out. The primary outcome was level of depressive symptoms. Studies were found using Medline, PsycINFO, EMBASE and Web of Knowledge databases and selected on several criteria...
October 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
David Azul
BACKGROUND: Transmasculine people assigned female gender at birth but who do not identify with this classification have traditionally received little consideration in the voice literature. Existing analyses tend to be focused on evaluating speaker voice characteristics, whereas other factors that contribute to the production of vocal gender have remained underexplored. Most studies rely on researcher-centred perspectives, whereas very little is known about how transmasculine people themselves experience and make sense of their vocal situations...
March 8, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Emmanuel Flores-Girón, Juan Alfredo Salazar-Montoya, Emma Gloria Ramos-Ramírez
BACKGROUND: Agave (Agave tequilana Weber var. Azul) is an industrially important crop in México since it is the only raw material appropriate to produce tequila, an alcoholic beverage. Nowadays, however, these plants have also a nutritional interest as a source of functional food ingredients, owing to the prebiotic potential of agave fructans. In this study, a Box-Behnken design was employed to determine the influence of temperature, liquid:solid ratio and time in a maceration process for agave fructan extraction and optimization...
August 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Isabelle Ribeiro Barbosa, Francisco Canindé Carlota, Valter Ferreira de Andrade-Neto
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Human visceral leishmaniasis is endemic in Natal, northeast of Brazil, where the domestic dog is an important parasite reservoir in the infectious cycle of Leishmania spp. In this study, was evaluated the antileishmanial IgG antibody and epidemiological factors related to canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL). METHODS: Sera samples obtained by venipuncture of 1,426 dogs living in areas of human visceral leishmaniasis occurrence were tested for detection of IgG anti-leishmania antibodies with Immunofluorescence Antibody Assay (IFA) and Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA)...
2015: Open Microbiology Journal
D C Souza, J D Ferreira, P A A Bueno, L Iwakura, R O Bueno, J B Campiolo
This study presents the effect of water level variation on the assemblages of herbaceous species in Mourão I Reservoir, Lago Azul State Park, Southern Brazil. The structure and distribution of populations was examined in February (dry period) and April (rainy period), 2011, in two transects. These transects started at the forest edge towards the center of the lake. The end of the transect coincided with the end of the plants within the lake. On every two meters along of the transects we sampled a wooden square of 0...
December 2015: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
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