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Fine needle aspiration cytology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935910/ascites-and-adnexal-mass-with-raised-ca125-how-arduous-can-be-the-path-of-diagnosis
#1
D Pannu, S Malik, S Shamsunder, A Bhatnagar
Ascites, adnexal mass and elevated CA125 levels almost always suggest advanced ovarian carcinoma. We present a case of a 37 years old multiparous lady who presented with such a classical picture. Radiological picture was suggestive of ovarian carcinoma with peritoneal metastasis. However, ascitic fluid cytology was negative for malignant cells. A differential diagnosis of tubercular mass was made. Ascitic fluid was sent for adenosine deaminase test that was negative. Fine needle aspiration cytology failed to reveal any sufficient sample for evaluation...
January 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933740/fine-needle-aspiration-in-the-diagnosis-and-classification-of-hepatoblastoma-analysis-of-21-new-cases
#2
Tatjana Vlajnic, Hervé J Brisse, Isabelle Aerts, Paul Fréneaux, Cécile Cellier, Monique Fabre, Jerzy Klijanienko
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of hepatoblastoma (HBL) is based on characteristic clinical and radiological presentation, young age and marked elevation of serum α-fetoprotein (aFP). Fine needle aspiration (FNA) technique is successfully used in the diagnosis of hepatoblastoma. To evaluate the value of FNA in the diagnosis and subtyping of HBL, we report our experience correlated to histological sections (core needle biopsy, CNB). METHODS: From 1991 to 2015, 21 cases from 20 patients were cytologically diagnosed as HBL...
December 9, 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926784/preoperative-characteristics-and-cytological-features-of-136-histologically-confirmed-pancreatic-mucinous-cystic-neoplasms
#3
Aristana Scourtas, Jonathan C Dudley, William R Brugge, Abdurrahman Kadayifci, Mari Mino-Kenudson, Martha B Pitman
BACKGROUND: Mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCNs) of the pancreas present a management conundrum. The majority are benign but all are resected due to their malignant potential. Recent studies have recommended nonsurgical management. In the current study, the authors analyzed the preoperative imaging, cytology, and cyst fluid characteristics of 136 histologically confirmed MCNs to assess predictors of a high-risk (HR) cyst for surgical triage. METHODS: MCNs resected at the Massachusetts General Hospital between 1990 and 2014 formed the study cohort...
December 7, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917669/use-of-core-biopsy-in-diagnosing-cervical-lymphadenopathy-a-viable-alternative-to-surgical-excisional-biopsy-of-lymph-nodes
#4
D Allin, S David, A Jacob, N Mir, A Giles, N Gibbins
OBJECTIVES Lymphoma often presents with a neck mass and while fine-needle aspiration cytology may be suggestive, tissue biopsy is required for reliable diagnosis and classification of a lymphoma that is sufficient to deliver the correct treatment for the patient. Traditionally, excisional biopsy of a lymph node has been the standard method of tissue sampling, providing ample tissue for assessment. However, this requires theatre time, and preceding fine-needle aspiration cytology, which may incur a delay. With careful use of tissue, coupled with advances in immunohistochemical and molecular investigative techniques, core biopsy provides a possible alternative to traditional fine-needle aspiration and excisional biopsy...
December 5, 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914177/virtual-touch-tissue-imaging-and-quantification-in-the-evaluation-of-thyroid-nodules
#5
Hang Zhou, Xian-Li Zhou, Hui-Xiong Xu, Dan-Dan Li, Bo-Ji Liu, Yi-Feng Zhang, Jun-Mei Xu, Xiao-Wan Bo, Xiao-Long Li, Le-Hang Guo, Shen Qu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the diagnostic performance of a 2-dimensional shear wave elastographic technique (Virtual Touch tissue imaging and quantification [VTIQ]; Siemens Medical Solutions, Mountain View, CA) for predicting thyroid malignancy. METHODS: A total of 302 thyroid nodules underwent conventional sonography and VTIQ before fine-needle aspiration examination or surgery. Compared with histopathologic or cytologic results in combination with follow-up, the diagnostic performance of various shear wave speed (SWS) indices (minimum [SWSmin ], maximum [SWSmax ], and mean [SWSmean ]) on VTIQ as well as conventional sonographic features for predicting thyroid malignancy was evaluated in all of the nodules...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913858/limitation-of-intraoperative-frozen-section-during-thyroid-surgery
#6
Sandrine Estebe, Cecile Montenat, Adrien Tremoureux, Chloé Rousseau, François Bouilloud, Franck Jegoux
Retrospective analysis on 312 patients, operated for thyroid nodules between 2014 and 2015, was conducted to evaluate the impact of frozen section analysis on the strategy of thyroid nodule surgery. One hundred and ninety-three patients were included. They all underwent preoperative US, fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), per operative frozen section (FS) and post operative definitive pathological analysis. Se, Sp, VPP and VPN of FNAC and FS were calculated and compared (McNemar's test). Multivariate analysis was performed to identify independent factor of good results...
December 2, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912795/follicular-thyroid-carcinoma-presenting-as-solitary-liver-metastasis-a-case-report
#7
Azhar J Battoo, Zubaida Rasool, Zahoor A Sheikh, Altaf G Haji
BACKGROUND: Distant metastasis from differentiated thyroid carcinoma at presentation is rare and isolated liver metastasis on presentation is almost unknown. We report a case of primary follicular carcinoma of the thyroid with isolated liver metastasis at presentation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 65-year-old man of Kashmiri origin presented to our tertiary referral center with obstructive jaundice; he was evaluated with magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography and positron emission tomography-computed tomography...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907928/cytomorphological-analysis-of-lymph-node-lesions-in-hiv-positive-patients-with-cd4-count-correlation-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Sadia Siddiqa Nasser, Rashmi K Patil, Shreekanth K Kittur
OBJECTIVES: To study the cytomorphological spectrum of lymph node lesions in HIV-positive patients and correlate the cytological findings with the CD4 count. STUDY DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study of 23 months' duration which included 110 HIV-positive cases proved according to the guidelines of the National AIDS Control Organisation. Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) was done on clinically palpable lymph nodes. Special stains and culture were done wherever necessary...
December 2, 2016: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906671/risk-stratification-of-thyroid-nodules-with-bethesda-category-iii-results-on-fine-needle-aspiration-cytology-the-additional-value-of-acoustic-radiation-force-impulse-elastography
#9
Chong-Ke Zhao, Hui-Xiong Xu, Jun-Mei Xu, Cheng-Yu Sun, Wei Chen, Bo-Ji Liu, Xiao-Wan Bo, Dan Wang, Shen Qu
To assess the value of conventional ultrasound, conventional strain elastography (CSE) and acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elastography in differentiating likelihood of malignancy for Bethesda category III thyroid nodules. 103 thyroid nodules with Bethesda category III results on fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in 103 patients were included and all were pathologically confirmed after surgery. Conventional ultrasound, CSE and ARFI elastography including ARFI imaging and point shear wave speed (SWS) measurement were performed...
November 29, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906105/pancreatic-metastases-from-ocular-malignant-melanoma-the-use-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-to-establish-a-definitive-cytologic-diagnosis-a-case-report
#10
Diogo Turiani Hourneaux De Moura, Danielle Azevedo Chacon, Ryan Tanigawa, Martin Coronel, Spencer Cheng, Éverson L A Artifon, José Jukemura, Eduardo Guimarães Hourneaux De Moura
BACKGROUND: When encountering solid pancreatic lesions, nonpancreatic primary metastases are rare and differentiating a metastasis from a primary neoplastic lesion is challenging. The clinical presentation and radiologic features can be similar and the possibility of a pancreatic metastasis should be considered when the patient refers to a history of a different primary cancer. Endoscopic ultrasound offers a key anatomical advantage in accessing the pancreas and endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration has become the gold standard method for diagnosing pancreatic lesions...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905002/disseminated-candidiasis-in-a-young-previously-healthy-dog-and-review-of-literature
#11
Nicole Willems, Dirk J Houwers, Yvette M Schlotter, Bart Theelen, Teun Boekhout
BACKGROUND: The reports on disseminated candidiasis in dogs so far describe at least one predisposing factor. This case report, however, highlights candidiasis in a dog without any known predisposition. PATIENT: A 1.5-year-old intact female Hovawart dog was presented with subcutaneous nodules and polyuria/polydipsia. An excisional biopsy revealed a chronic pyogranulomatous and necrotizing inflammation with mycotic structures. The patient became febrile and lethargic, and developed lameness...
November 30, 2016: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901456/partial-gastrectomy-for-resection-of-a-gastric-leiomyoma-in-a-guinea-pig-cavia-porcellus
#12
Sara M Gardhouse, David Sanchez-Migallon Guzman, Miranda J Sadar, Anthony J DeRouen, Daniel S Bucy, Adeyemi O Adedeji, William Vernau, Kerriann M Casey, F Charles Mohr, Michele A Steffey
CASE DESCRIPTION A 4-year-old sexually intact male pet guinea pig (Cavia porcellus) was evaluated for a routine wellness examination. CLINICAL FINDINGS During physical examination, a small mass was palpated in the cranial aspect of the abdomen. Abdominal radiographic and ultrasonographic findings were suggestive of a gastric mass. Cytologic evaluation of a fine-needle aspirate of the mass was indicative of spindle cell proliferation most consistent with a sarcoma. TREATMENT AND OUTCOME The patient was anesthetized, and an exploratory laparotomy and partial gastrectomy were performed to resect the gastric mass...
December 15, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898186/human-papillomavirus-dna-detection-in-fine-needle-aspirates-as-indicator-of-human-papillomavirus-positive-oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-prospective-study
#13
Lars Sivars, David Landin, Linnea Haeggblom, Nikolaos Tertipis, Nathalie Grün, Cinzia Bersani, Linda Marklund, Mehran Ghaderi, Anders Näsman, Torbjörn Ramqvist, Cecilia Nordfors, Eva Munck-Wikland, Edneia Tani, Tina Dalianis
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) has a better outcome than most head neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) and an HPV-positive lymph node metastasis likely has an HPV-positive oropharyngeal SCC origin. Determining HPV-status in cervical lymph nodes by fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) may be useful for diagnosis. METHODS: FNACs from 66 patients with neck masses were prospectively examined for HPV DNA and HPV16 mRNA by a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based assay, and the data correlated to diagnosis and HPV-status obtained from histopathological specimens...
November 29, 2016: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893198/clinical-application-of-ultrasound-guided-thyroid-fine-needle-aspiration-biopsy-and-thinprep-cytology-test-in-diagnosis-of-thyroid-disease
#14
Ying Wei, Yao Lu, chenxi li
Purpose: To study the clinical application value of ultrasound guided thyroid fine needle aspiration biopsy and thinprep cytology testing in diagnosis of thyroid disease. Methods: A total of 78 patients with thyroid nodules were enrolled, 34 males and 44 females, aged 33-64 years old with mean age of 47.6 years. All underwent thyroid module fine needle puncture after surgery to assess cell pathology and histopathological features. Results: Sufficient specimens were obtained from all of 78 patients, the cytological results of 73 cases (93...
January 10, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891344/role-of-scrape-cytology-as-an-adjunct-to-fine-needle-aspiration-cytology-in-diagnosis-of-thyroid-lesions
#15
Mehnaaz Sultan Khuroo, Shaista Mushtaq, Summyia Farooq, Ambreen Beigh, Naila Nazir, Ruby Reshi
INTRODUCTION: Scrape cytology is an important diagnostic tool. It has been used in many tissue types as an adjunct or replacement for frozen section/ intra operative consultation. AIM: This study was done to evaluate the role of scrape cytology in the diagnosis of thyroid lesions, its role as an adjunct to Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) and application of this technique for intra-operative consultation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study on 50 thyroid neoplasms received over a period of 18 months (Nov 2014- March 2016) was conducted...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891005/endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-of-thyroid-report-of-two-cases-and-systematic-review-of-literature
#16
Karan Madan, Saurabh Mittal, Vijay Hadda, Deepali Jain, Anant Mohan, Randeep Guleria
Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a minimally invasive and safe technique for a sampling of mediastinal lesions. Indications for EBUS-TBNA have gradually expanded since its introduction. The usual approach to cytological sampling of the thyroid gland is percutaneous ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (US-FNA) performed under local anesthesia. US-FNA may be risky or not feasible in intrathoracic/substernal thyroid location. Feasibility of aspirating thyroid lesions with EBUS-TBNA has been occasionally reported...
November 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890992/lung-malignancy-diagnostic-accuracies-of-bronchoalveolar-lavage-bronchial-brushing-and-fine-needle-aspiration-cytology
#17
Rateesh Sareen, C L Pandey
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of lung cancer plays a pivotal role in reducing lung cancer death rate. Cytological techniques are safer, economical and provide quick results. Bronchoscopic washing, brushing and fine needle aspirations not only complement tissue biopsies in the diagnosis of lung cancer but also comparable. OBJECTIVES: (1) To find out diagnostic yields of bronchioalveolar lavage, bronchial brushings, FNAC in diagnosis of lung malignancy. (2) To compare relative accuracy of these three cytological techniques...
November 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890960/cryptococcal-lymphadenitis-in-a-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-patient-a-diagnostic-role-of-fine-needle-aspiration-cytology-and-special-stains
#18
Jitendra G Nasit, Gauravi Dhruva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889759/cytomorphological-features-useful-to-prevent-errors-in-the-diagnosis-of-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-by-fine-needle-aspiration-cytology
#19
Zhikai Chi, Howard H Wu, Harvey Cramer, Jingmei Lin, Shaoxiong Chen
OBJECTIVES: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is now widely used as a primary tool to diagnose pancreatic neoplasms. However, criteria that can reduce the risk of overdiagnosing pancreatic adenocarcinoma by FNA have not been adequately defined in the literature. This study aims to identify characteristic cytomorphological features that are helpful in distinguishing pancreatic adenocarcinoma from its mimics. STUDY DESIGN: Five false-positive FNA cases (group A) diagnosed as adenocarcinoma (4 cases) and suspicious for adenocarcinoma (1 case) by FNA, were identified by searching our laboratory information system...
November 26, 2016: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889754/serous-cystadenoma-of-the-pancreas-potentials-and-pitfalls-of-a-preoperative-cytopathologic-diagnosis
#20
Mohammed T Lilo, Christopher J VandenBussche, Derek B Allison, Anne Marie Lennon, Bouchra K Younes, Ralph H Hruban, Christopher L Wolfgang, Syed Z Ali
OBJECTIVES: Pancreatic serous cystadenomas (SCAs) are benign tumors. Technological advances in imaging have led to increased recognition of asymptomatic pancreatic cysts, consequently increasing the demand for cytomorphologic evaluations of cyst fluid. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective search through the pathology archives over an 11-year period was performed to identify SCAs from pancreatectomy specimens with a presurgical pancreatic EUS-guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA)...
November 26, 2016: Acta Cytologica
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