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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521785/expect-with-me-development-and-evaluation-design-for-an-innovative-model-of-group-prenatal-care-to-improve-perinatal-outcomes
#1
Shayna D Cunningham, Jessica B Lewis, Jordan L Thomas, Stephanie A Grilo, Jeannette R Ickovics
BACKGROUND: Despite biomedical advances and intervention efforts, rates of preterm birth and other adverse outcomes in the United States have remained relatively intransigent. Evidence suggests that group prenatal care can reduce these risks, with implications for maternal and child health as well as substantial cost savings. However, widespread dissemination presents challenges, in part because training and health systems have not been designed to deliver care in a group setting. This manuscript describes the design and evaluation of Expect With Me, an innovative model of group prenatal care with a strong integrated information technology (IT) platform designed to be scalable nationally...
May 18, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515507/implementing-a-tech-check-tech-program-at-a-university-health-system
#2
Scott A Tarver, Javier Palacios, Reed Hall, A Crystal Franco-Martinez
Background: Tech-Check-Tech (TCT) allows a pharmacy technician to perform the final check of medications prepared by another technician. The effect of a TCT program on the time required to process medications in a hospital pharmacy has not been previously reported. Objective: To evaluate the effect of implementing a TCT program on the time required to prepare, check, and deliver medications to automated medication supply systems (AMSS) located throughout an academic medical center. Methods: The primary outcome was the difference in mean total time required to process AMSS medications between pre- and post-implementation periods...
April 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515149/pyruvate-kinase-inhibits-proliferation-during-postnatal-cerebellar-neurogenesis-and-suppresses-medulloblastoma-formation
#3
Katherine Tech, Andrey P Tikunov, Hamza Farooq, A Sorana Morrissy, Jessica Meidinger, Taylor Fish, Sarah C Green, Hedi Liu, Yisu Li, Andrew J Mungall, Richard A Moore, Yussanne Ma, Steven Jm Jones, Marco A Marra, Matthew G Vander Heiden, Michael D Taylor, Jeffrey MacDonald, Timothy R Gershon
Aerobic glycolysis supports proliferation through unresolved mechanisms. We have previously shown that aerobic glycolysis is required for the regulated proliferation of cerebellar granule neuron progenitors (CGNPs), and for the growth of CGNP-derived medulloblastoma. Blocking the initiation of glycolysis via deletion of Hexokinase-2 (Hk2) disrupts CGNP proliferation and restricts medulloblastoma growth. Here, we assessed whether disrupting Pyruvate kinase-M (Pkm), an enzyme that acts in the terminal steps of glycolysis, would alter CGNP metabolism, proliferation and tumorigenesis...
May 17, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511416/correlation-of-cotinine-levels-with-use-of-smokeless-tobacco-mishri-among-pregnant-women-and-anthropometry-of-newborn
#4
Praveen Ganganahalli, Asha Pratinidhi, Jyotsna Patil, Satish V Kakade
INTRODUCTION: 'Smokeless tobacco' is the term used for the tobacco that is consumed in un-burnt form and it can be used orally or nasally. Cotinine, a nicotine metabolite, is used to quantify exposure to tobacco, which readily gains access to foetal circulation. Cotinine is invariably found in coelomic, amniotic and foetal serum when maternal serum cotinine levels exceed 25ng/ml. AIM: To estimate cotinine levels among pregnant women using and not using smokeless tobacco (mishri) and to correlate cotinine level with anthropometry of newborns...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494219/oxidative-degradation-of-tetramethylammonium-hydroxide-tmah-by-uv-persulfate-and-associated-acute-toxicity-assessment
#5
Jingting Huang, Kai-Sung Wang, Chenju Liang
Tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH) is widely used in high-tech industries as a developing agent. Ultraviolet (UV) light-activated persulfate (PS, S2O8(2-)) can be used to generate strongly oxidative sulfate radicals, and it also exhibits the potential to treat TMAH-containing wastewater. This study initially investigated the effect of S2O8(2-) concentration and UV strength on the UV/S2O8(2-) process for the degradation of TMAH in a batch reactor. The results suggested that 15 watts (W) of UV-activated S2O8(2-) at concentrations of 10 or 50 mM resulted in pseudo-first-order TMAH degradation rate constants of 3...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494136/effects-of-an-abbreviated-obesity-intervention-supported-by-mobile-technology-the-engaged-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Bonnie Spring, Christine A Pellegrini, Angela Pfammatter, Jennifer M Duncan, Alex Pictor, H Gene McFadden, Juned Siddique, Donald Hedeker
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects on weight loss of three abbreviated behavioral weight loss interventions with and without coaching and mobile technology. METHODS: A randomized controlled efficacy study of three 6-month weight loss treatments was conducted in 96 adults with obesity: 1) self-guided (SELF), 2) standard (STND), or 3) technology-supported (TECH). STND and TECH received eight in-person group treatment sessions. SELF and STND used paper diaries to self-monitor diet, activity, and weight; TECH used a smartphone application with social networking features and wireless accelerometer...
May 11, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490824/patent-information-retrieval-approaching-a-method-and-analysing-nanotechnology-patent-collaborations
#7
Sercan Ozcan, Nazrul Islam
Many challenges still remain in the processing of explicit technological knowledge documents such as patents. Given the limitations and drawbacks of the existing approaches, this research sets out to develop an improved method for searching patent databases and extracting patent information to increase the efficiency and reliability of nanotechnology patent information retrieval process and to empirically analyse patent collaboration. A tech-mining method was applied and the subsequent analysis was performed using Thomson data analyser software...
2017: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490154/from-exoscope-into-the-next-generation
#8
REVIEW
Kenichi Nishiyama
An exoscope, high-definition video telescope operating monitor system to perform microsurgery has recently been proposed an alternative to the operating microscope. It enables surgeons to complete the operation assistance by visualizing magnified images on a display. The strong points of exoscope are the wide field of view and deep focus. It minimized the need for repositioning and refocusing during the procedure. On the other hand, limitation of magnifying object was an emphasizing weak point. The procedures are performed under 2D motion images with a visual perception through dynamic cue and stereoscopically viewing corresponding to the motion parallax...
May 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487267/embodied-conversational-agents-in-clinical-psychology-a-scoping-review
#9
Simon Provoost, Ho Ming Lau, Jeroen Ruwaard, Heleen Riper
BACKGROUND: Embodied conversational agents (ECAs) are computer-generated characters that simulate key properties of human face-to-face conversation, such as verbal and nonverbal behavior. In Internet-based eHealth interventions, ECAs may be used for the delivery of automated human support factors. OBJECTIVE: We aim to provide an overview of the technological and clinical possibilities, as well as the evidence base for ECA applications in clinical psychology, to inform health professionals about the activity in this field of research...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483894/finding-hope-in-the-face-to-face
#10
Jennifer Y C Edgoose, Julian M Edgoose
What does it mean to look into the face of a patient who looks back? Face-to-face encounters are at the heart of the patient-clinician relationship but their singular significance is often lost amid the demands of today's high-tech, metric-driven health care systems. Using the framework provided by the philosopher and Holocaust survivor Emmanuel Levinas, the authors explore the unique responsibility and potential for hope found only in face-to-face encounters. Revisiting this most fundamental attribute of medicine is likely our greatest chance to reclaim who we are as clinicians and why we do what we do...
May 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483852/new-guidelines-for-evaluating-health-tech
#11
Donalee Moulton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471856/practitioner-application-high-tech-versus-high-touch-components-of-hospital-costs-vary-widely
#12
Stacey Vaccaro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471855/high-tech-versus-high-touch-components-of-hospital-costs-vary-widely
#13
Paula H Song, Kristin L Reiter, Wendy Yi Xu
The recent release by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services of hospital charge and payment data to the public has renewed a national dialogue on hospital costs and prices. However, to better understand the driving force of hospital pricing and to develop strategies for controlling expenditures, it is important to understand the underlying costs of providing hospital services. We use Medicare Provider and Analysis Review inpatient claims data and Medicare cost report data for fiscal years 2008 and 2012 to examine variations in the contribution of "high-tech" resources (i...
May 2017: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470749/noninvasive-imaging-systems-for-gametes-and-embryo-selection-in-ivf-programs-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Marjan Omidi, Azita Faramarzi, Azam Agharahimi, Mohammad Ali Khalili
Optimizing the efficiency of the in vitro fertilization procedure by improving pregnancy rates and reducing the risks of multiple pregnancies simultaneously are the primary goals of the current assisted reproductive technology program. With the move to single embryo transfers, the need for more cost-effective and noninvasive methods for embryo selection prior to transfer is paramount. These aims require advancement in a more acquire gametes/embryo testing and selection procedures using high-tech devices. Therefore, the aim of the present review is to evaluate the efficacy of noninvasive imaging systems in the current literatures, focusing on the potential clinical application in infertile patients undergoing assisted reproductive technology treatments...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468600/sensory-feedback-add-on-for-upper-limb-prostheses
#15
Nader Fallahian, Hassan Saeedi, Hamidreza Mokhtarinia, Farhad Tabatabai Ghomshe
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Sensory feedback systems have been of great interest in upper-limb prosthetics. Despite tremendous research, there are no commercial modality-matched feedback systems. This article aims to introduce the first detachable and feedback add-on option that can be attached to in-use prostheses. TECHNIQUE: A sensory feedback system was tested on a below-elbow myoelectric prosthesis. The aim was to have the amputee grasp fragile objects without crushing while other accidental feedback sources were blocked...
June 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466248/comparative-evaluation-of-the-stability-of-two-different-dental-implant-designs-and-surgical-protocols-a-pilot-study
#16
David E Simmons, Pooja Maney, Austin G Teitelbaum, Susan Billiot, Lomesh J Popat, A Archontia Palaiologou
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare a parallel wall design implant to a tapered apex design implant when placed in the posterior maxilla using two different surgical protocols. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients (30 implants) were divided into three groups. All implants were 4 mm wide in diameter and 8 mm long. Group A received 10 tapered implants (OSPTX) (Astra Tech OsseoSpeed TX™) using the soft bone surgical protocol (TXSoft). Group B received 10 tapered implants (OSPTX) (AstraTech OsseoSpeedTX™) using the standard surgical protocol (TXStd)...
December 2017: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462216/efficacy-and-safety-of-danggui-buxue-decoction-in-combination-with-western-medicine-treatment-of-anemia-for-renal-anemia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Ming-Ming Zhao, Yu Zhang, Liu-Sheng Li, Zi-Kai Yu, Bo Li
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Danggui Buxue Decoction for renal anemia when combined with western medicine treatment of anemia. METHODS: Electronic searching Medline, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Chinese BioMedical Literature Database (CBM), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), WanFang data, Chinese Sci-tech periodical full-text database (VIP). Randomized controlled trials reported results of efficacy and safety of Danggui Buxue Decoction in combination with western medicine treatment of anemia for renal anemia...
March 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462109/simultaneous-determination-of-nine-bioactive-compounds-in-yijin-tang-via-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-and-liquid-chromatography-electrospray-ionization-mass-spectrometry
#18
Hye Jin Yang, Nam-Hui Yim, Kwang Jin Lee, Min Jung Gu, Bohyoung Lee, Youn-Hwan Hwang, Jin Yeul Ma
BACKGROUND: Yijin-tang (YJ) has been used traditionally for the treatment of cardiovascular conditions, nausea, vomiting, gastroduodenal ulcers, and chronic gastritis. In this study, a simple and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was developed for the quantitation of nine bioactive compounds in YJ: homogentisic acid, liquiritin, naringin, hesperidin, neohesperidin, liquiritigenin, glycyrrhizin, 6-gingerol, and pachymic acid. METHODS: Chromatographic separation of the analytes was achieved on an RS Tech C18 column (4...
June 2016: Integr Med Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421162/r-ideal-a-framework-for-systematic-clinical-evaluation-of-technical-innovations-in-radiation-oncology
#19
Helena M Verkooijen, Linda G W Kerkmeijer, Clifton D Fuller, Robbert Huddart, Corinne Faivre-Finn, Marcel Verheij, Stella Mook, Arjun Sahgal, Emma Hall, Chris Schultz
The pace of innovation in radiation oncology is high and the window of opportunity for evaluation narrow. Financial incentives, industry pressure, and patients' demand for high-tech treatments have led to widespread implementation of innovations before, or even without, robust evidence of improved outcomes has been generated. The standard phase I-IV framework for drug evaluation is not the most efficient and desirable framework for assessment of technological innovations. In order to provide a standard assessment methodology for clinical evaluation of innovations in radiotherapy, we adapted the surgical IDEAL framework to fit the radiation oncology setting...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419501/stakeholders-views-of-the-introduction-of-assistive-technology-in-the-classroom-how-family-centred-is-australian-practice-for-students-with-cerebral-palsy
#20
P Karlsson, C Johnston, K Barker
BACKGROUND: With family-centred care widely recognized as a cornerstone for effective assistive technology service provision, the current study was undertaken to investigate to what extent such approaches were used by schools when assistive technology assessments and implementation occurred in the classroom. METHOD: In this cross-sectional study, we compare survey results from parents (n = 76), school staff (n = 33) and allied health professionals (n = 65) with experience in the use of high-tech assistive technology...
April 17, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
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