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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898939/the-effective-mitigation-of-greenhouse-gas-emissions-from-rice-paddies-without-compromising-yield-by-early-season-drainage
#1
Syed Faiz-Ul Islam, Jan Willem van Groenigen, Lars Stoumann Jensen, Bjoern Ole Sander, Andreas de Neergaard
Global rice production systems face two opposing challenges: the need to increase production to accommodate the world's growing population while simultaneously reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Adaptations to drainage regimes are one of the most promising options for methane mitigation in rice production. Whereas several studies have focused on mid-season drainage (MD) to mitigate GHG emissions, early-season drainage (ED) varying in timing and duration has not been extensively studied. However, such ED periods could potentially be very effective since initial available C levels (and thereby the potential for methanogenesis) can be very high in paddy systems with rice straw incorporation...
September 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895816/bernard-tyson-preaches-gospel-of-tech-and-change
#2
Timothy Kelley
Kaiser Permanente's CEO says that if he were redesigning Kaiser from the ground up, he would begin with a technology platform, not with hospitals, and that "telehealth is going to be our future." He sees a future in which consumers know their bodies at least as well as they know their cars.
August 2017: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884741/-the-nephroprotective-potential-of-peloid-therapy-used-for-the-rehabilitation-of-the-patients-presenting-with-chronic-pyelonephritis
#3
E I Slobodian, N N Kaladze, A L Govdaliuk, E I Kulik
This review article presents the data on the mechanism of action of peloid therapy from the perspective of its defibrosing effect, the structure and functions of the extracellular matrix under the normal and pathological conditions. In addition, role of this treatment modality in the progression of tubulointerstitial fibrosis which determines the severity and prognosis of chronic pyelonephritis is considered. The researchers are currently carry out the extensive studies aimed at the search of the methods for the primary and secondary prevention of chronic pyelonephritis...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883677/comparison-of-results-of-measurement-of-dimensions-of-the-placed-dental-implants-on-cone-beam-computed-tomography-with-dimensions-of-the-producers-of-the-implants
#4
Merisa Repesa, Amela Sofic, Selma Jakupovic, Selma Tosum, Lejla Kazazic, Almir Dervisevic
INTRODUCTION: One of the most frequently used method for scanning patients with indication for dental implantation in dentistry is cone beam computed tomography. Implantation, CBCT imaging and implant programme are inevitable when planning a successful replacement of lost teeth. CBCT offers exact information about available bone and its density, adjacent tooth roots, the place of mandibular canal and maxillary sinus and adjacent anatomical structure. AIM: The goal of this study is to estimate accuracy of measurements on CBCT images ofpatients who have implants of different producers and determine if there is any statistically significant correlation between four test groups regardless of the alloy of which implants are made...
June 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880695/influences-on-students-assistive-technology-use-at-school-the-views-of-classroom-teachers-allied-health-professionals-students-with-cerebral-palsy-and-their-parents
#5
Petra Karlsson, Christine Johnston, Katrina Barker
PURPOSE: This study explored how classroom teachers, allied health professionals, students with cerebral palsy, and their parents view high-tech assistive technology service delivery in the classroom. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with six classroom teachers and six parents and their children were conducted. Additionally, two focus groups comprising 10 occupational therapists and six speech pathologists were carried out. Ethical and confidentiality considerations meant that the groups were not matched...
September 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877646/comparison-of-canadian-firefighters-and-normal-controls-based-on-the-submaximal-fitness-testing-and-strength-considering-age-and-gender
#6
Goris Nazari, Joy C MacDermid, Kathryn E Sinden R Kin, Tom J Overend
INTRODUCTION: Few studies have addressed whether the firefighters are more fit than the general population and possess sufficient levels of aerobic capacity and muscle strength to perform on duty tasks in a safe and efficient manner, considering age and gender. We aimed to evaluate the fitness levels of Hamilton firefighters, and to determine the effects of age and gender. METHODS: 89 participants were recruited. The Modified Canadian Aerobic Fitness Test was used to determine participants' estimated maximal oxygen consumptions (VO2-max) levels...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875278/investigation-of-peri-implant-tissue-conditions-and-peri-implant-tissue-stability-in-implants-placed-with-simultaneous-augmentation-procedure-a-3-year-retrospective-follow-up-analysis-of-a-newly-developed-bone-level-implant-system
#7
Jonas Lorenz, Henriette Lerner, Robert A Sader, Shahram Ghanaati
BACKGROUND: Guided bone regeneration (GBR) has been proven to be a reliable therapy to regenerate missing bone in cases of atrophy of the alveolar crest. The aim of the present retrospective analysis was to assess peri-implant tissue conditions and document peri-implant tissue stability in C-Tech implants when placed simultaneously with a GBR augmentation procedure. METHODS: A total of 47 implants, which were placed simultaneously with a GBR procedure with a synthetic bone substitute material in 20 patients, were investigated clinically and radiologically at least 3 years after loading...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873819/analysis-of-an-individual-s-language-to-improve-efficiency-of-an-aac-system
#8
Will Wade, Heidi Koester, Samantha McNeilly
The paper discusses the collection and analysis of a three-month language sample from an adult using a low-tech augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) system transcribed to analyse the frequency of words and letters to make suggestions for more efficiency.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868968/can-regenerative-medicine-and-nanotechnology-combine-to-heal-wounds-the-search-for-the-ideal-wound-dressing
#9
Payam Zarrintaj, Abolfazl Salehi Moghaddam, Saeed Manouchehri, Zhaleh Atoufi, Anahita Amiri, Mohammad Amir Amirkhani, Mohammad Ali Nilforoushzadeh, Mohammad Reza Saeb, Michael R Hamblin, Masoud Mozafari
Skin is the outermost covering of the human body and at the same time the largest organ comprising 15% of body weight and 2 m(2) surface area. Skin plays a key role as a barrier against the outer environment depending on its thickness, color and structure, which differ from one site to another. The four major types of problematic wounds include ulcers (diabetic, venous, pressure) and burn wounds. Developing novel dressings helps us to improve the wound healing process in difficult patients. Recent advances in regenerative medicine and nanotechnology are revolutionizing the field of wound healing...
September 4, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865543/a-high-tech-closer-look-to-evaluate-the-impact-of-oocyte-vitrification-on-embryo-quality
#10
EDITORIAL
Mónica H Vazquez-Levin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862534/a-novel-model-for-teaching-primary-care-in-a-community-practice-setting-tufts-at-tech-community-veterinary-clinic
#11
Emily McCobb, Elizabeth A Rozanski, Elizabeth A Malcolm, Gregory Wolfus, John E Rush
Providing veterinary students with opportunities to develop clinical skills in a realistic, hands-on environment remains a challenge for veterinary education. We have developed a novel approach to teaching clinical medicine to fourth-year veterinary students and technical high school students via development of a primary care clinic embedded within a technical high school. The primary care clinic targets an underserved area of the community, which includes many of the participating high school students. Support from the veterinary community for the project has been strong as a result of communication, the opportunity for veterinarians to volunteer in the clinic, and the careful targeting of services...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846134/mineral-trioxide-aggregate-and-other-bioactive-endodontic-cements-an-updated-overview-part-ii-other-clinical-applications-and-complications
#12
REVIEW
M Torabinejad, M Parirokh, P M H Dummer
Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) is a dental material used extensively for vital pulp therapy (VPT), scaffold cover during regenerative endodontic procedures, apical barrier in teeth with necrotic pulps and open apices, perforation repair, and root canal filling and root-end filling during surgical endodontics. A number of bioactive endodontic cements (BECs) have recently been introduced to the market. Most of these materials had calcium and silicate in their compositions; however, the bioactivity is the common property of these cements...
August 28, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838748/how-technology-is-changing-news-and-our-culture-lessons-from-elections-2016-and-davos-2017-tech-media-and-the-newsroom-of-the-future
#13
Christy Tanner, Elliot K Fishman, Karen M Horton, Sheila Sheth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 22, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836288/mineral-trioxide-aggregate-and-other-bioactive-endodontic-cements-an-updated-overview-part-i-vital-pulp-therapy
#14
REVIEW
M Parirokh, M Torabinejad, P M H Dummer
Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) is a bioactive endodontic cement (BEC) mainly comprised of calcium and silicate elements. The cement was introduced by Torabinejad in the 1990s and has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to be used in the U.S. in 1997. A number of new Bioactive Endodontic Cements (BECs) have also been introduced to the market, including BioAggregate, Biodentine, BioRoot RCS, calcium enriched mixture (CEM) cement, CAPSEAL, Endo-CPM, Endocem, EndoSequence, EndoBinder, EndoSeal MTA, iRoot, MicroMega MTA, MTA Bio, MTA Fillapex, MTA Plus, Neo MTA Plus, Ortho MTA, Quick-Set, Retro MTA, Tech Biosealer, and TheraCal...
August 24, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834532/clinical-evidence-of-osseospeed-ev-implants-a-retrospective-study-and-characterization-of-the-newly-introduced-system
#15
Marco Toia, Silvia Galli, Denis Cecchinato, Ann Wennerberg, Ryo Jimbo
This retrospective study sought to compare a new implant (Astra Tech OsseoSpeed EV) with its predecessor (Astra Tech OsseoSpeed TX) by scanning electron microscopy and interferometry. Radiographic data from 19 patients who underwent implant restoration with EV (n = 49) with a median follow-up of 16 months were evaluated for mean bone level (MBL) changes from delivery of the definitive prosthesis. EV and TX did not differ in surface roughness, and both systems had a tight seal at the implant-abutment interface...
August 23, 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827975/architecture-and-transport-properties-of-multifilamentary-mgb2-strands-for-mri-and-low-ac-loss-applications
#16
F Wan, M D Sumption, M A Rindfleisch, M J Tomsic, E W Collings
Standard in-situ type MgB2 strands manufactured by Hyper Tech Inc have 19 - 36 subelements, a monel outer sheath, and a Cu interfilamentary matrix. Typical transport Jc s of the strands are 2×10(5) A/cm(2) with n-values of 20 - 30 at 4.2 K and 5 T. This work introduces two new MgB2 conductor designs. First, a new class of MgB2 strand is designed for magnetic resonance imaging applications. This type has a higher Cu content designed to enhance protection of a magnet wound with it, and a larger diameter to increase the critical current...
June 2017: IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity: a Publication of the IEEE Superconductivity Committee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821268/hypo-fractionated-sbrt-for-localized-prostate-cancer-a-german-bi-center-single-treatment-group-feasibility-trial
#17
Ping Jiang, Katja Krockenberger, Reinhard Vonthein, Jane Tereszczuk, Arne Schreiber, Sebastian Liebau, Stefan Huttenlocher, Detlef Imhoff, Panagiotis Balermpas, Christian Keller, Kathrin Dellas, Rene Baumann, Claus Rödel, Guido Hildebrandt, Klaus-Peter Jünemann, Alex S Merseburger, Alan Katz, Andreas Ziegler, Oliver Blanck, Jürgen Dunst
BACKGROUND: For prostate cancer treatment, treatment options with minimal side effects are desired. External beam radiation therapy (EBRT) is non-invasive, standard of care and delivered in either conventional fractionation over 8 weeks or with moderate hypo-fractionation over about 5 weeks. Recent advances in radiotherapy technology have made extreme hypo-fractionated stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) of prostate cancer feasible, which has not yet been introduced as a standard treatment method in Germany...
August 18, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812154/robotic-versus-laparoscopic-versus-open-colorectal-surgery-towards-defining-criteria-to-the-right-choice
#18
Matthew Zelhart, Andreas M Kaiser
OBJECTIVE: Analysis of various parameters related to the patient, the disease, and the needed surgical maneuvers to develop guidance for preoperative selection of the appropriate and the best approach for a given patient. Rapid advances in minimally invasive surgical technology are fascinating and challenging alike. It can be difficult for surgeons to keep up with new modalities that come on to the market place and to assess their true value, i.e., distinguish between fashionable trends versus scientific evidence...
August 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806490/challenges-and-resources-for-nurses-participating-in-a-hurricane-sandy-hospital-evacuation
#19
Nancy VanDevanter, Victoria H Raveis, Christine T Kovner, Meriel McCollum, Ronald Keller
PURPOSE: Weather-related disasters have increased dramatically in recent years. In 2012, severe flooding as a result of Hurricane Sandy necessitated the mid-storm patient evacuation of New York University Langone Medical Center. The purpose of this study was to explore, from the nurses' perspective, what the challenges and resources were to carrying out their responsibilities, and what the implications are for nursing education and preparation for disaster. DESIGN: This mixed-methods study included qualitative interviews with a purposive sample of nurses and an online survey of nurses who participated in the evacuation...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805782/-blunt-chest-trauma-possibilities-to-stabilize-multiple-and-floating-ribs-fractures
#20
A S Benyan
AIM: To improve surgical treatment of patients with multiple and flotating ribs fractures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A comparative analysis of two groups of victims with rib fractures was carried out. 148 patients of the control group underwent conservative treatment, mechanical ventilation, skeletal traction. In 167 patients of the main group we used advanced surgical tactics based on differentiated, stepwise and combined chest stabilization including osteosynthesis of ribs and thoracoscopy...
2017: Khirurgiia
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