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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918521/the-problem-with-tech-copycats
#1
David Pogue
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: Scientific American
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915382/high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-treatment-in-patients-with-refractory-glaucoma
#2
Giuseppe Giannaccare, A Vagge, C Gizzi, A Bagnis, S Sebastiani, C Del Noce, M Fresina, C E Traverso, E C Campos
PURPOSE: To assess the safety and efficacy of ultrasound coagulation of the ciliary body in refractory glaucoma. METHODS: This prospective multicenter interventional study was conducted in two Italian university-affiliated glaucoma centers: St. Orsola-Malpighi Teaching Hospital (Bologna, Italy) and University Eye Clinic of Genoa (Genoa, Italy). The main inclusion criterion was the diagnosis of glaucoma with a baseline intraocular pressure (IOP) ≥ 21 mmHg while on maximum topical and systemic medical hypotensive treatment...
December 3, 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903873/timing-of-head-movements-is-consistent-with-energy-minimization-in-walking-ungulates
#3
David M Loscher, Fiete Meyer, Kerstin Kracht, John A Nyakatura
Many ungulates show a conspicuous nodding motion of the head when walking. Until now, the functional significance of this behaviour remained unclear. Combining in vivo kinematics of quadrupedal mammals with a computer model, we show that the timing of vertical displacements of the head and neck is consistent with minimizing energy expenditure for carrying these body parts in an inverted pendulum walking gait. Varying the timing of head movements in the model resulted in increased metabolic cost estimate for carrying the head and neck of up to 63%...
November 30, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901600/the-role-of-the-built-environment-how-decentralized-nurse-stations-shape-communication-patient-care-processes-and-patient-outcomes
#4
Kevin Real, Shoshana H Bardach, David R Bardach
Increasingly, health communication scholars are attending to how hospital built environments shape communication, patient care processes, and patient outcomes. This multimethod study was conducted on two floors of a newly designed urban hospital. Nine focus groups interviews were conducted with 35 health care professionals from 10 provider groups. Seven of the groups were homogeneous by profession or level: nursing (three groups), nurse managers (two groups), and one group each of nurse care technicians ("techs") and physicians...
November 30, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899338/high-touch-and-high-tech-ht2-proposal-transforming-patient-engagement-throughout-the-continuum-of-care-by-engaging-patients-with-portal-technology-at-the-bedside
#5
Ann Scheck McAlearney, Cynthia J Sieck, Jennifer L Hefner, Alison M Aldrich, Daniel M Walker, Milisa K Rizer, Susan D Moffatt-Bruce, Timothy R Huerta
BACKGROUND: For patients with complex care needs, engagement in disease management activities is critical. Chronic illnesses touch almost every person in the United States. The costs are real, personal, and pervasive. In response, patients often seek tools to help them manage their health. Patient portals, personal health records tethered to an electronic health record, show promise as tools that patients value and that can improve health. Although patient portals currently focus on the outpatient experience, the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center (OSUWMC) has deployed a portal designed specifically for the inpatient experience that is connected to the ambulatory patient portal available after discharge...
November 29, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892631/flash-induced-self-limited-plasmonic-welding-of-silver-nanowire-network-for-transparent-flexible-energy-harvester
#6
Jung Hwan Park, Geon-Tae Hwang, Shinho Kim, Jeongmin Seo, Hong-Jin Park, Kyoungsik Yu, Taek-Soo Kim, Keon Jae Lee
The outstanding performance (sheet resistance of 5 Ω sq(-1) at transmittance of 90%) and strongly adhesive (30.7 J m(-2) ) silver nanowires (AgNWs) are fabricated using flash-induced plasmonic welding (FPW) based on theoretical research of photothermal interactions. The FPW-processed AgNWs are utilized as electrodes of a transparent flexible energy harvester, and this device exhibits excellent transmittance and high electric output performance. The FPW methodology provides a high-tech solution for transparent flexible electronics...
November 28, 2016: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884617/trans-advanced-surface-laser-ablation-transprk-outcomes-using-smartpulsetechnology
#7
Ioannis M Aslanides, George D Kymionis
PURPOSE: To evaluate early visual rehabilitation, post-operative pain, epithelial healing and haze after transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (TransPRK) using the SmartPulseTechnology (SPT) of Schwind Amaris (Schwind eye-tech-solutions GmbH, Kleinostheim, Germany). METHODS: This was a retrospective comparative evaluation of a cohort of myopic patients undergoing TransPRK with SPT (group 1), with one matched control group that underwent conventional TransPRK (group 2)...
November 21, 2016: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875120/new-frontiers-in-robotic-surgery-the-latest-high-tech-surgical-tools-allow-for-superhuman-sensing-and-more
#8
Michele Solis
Over the past 30 years, robots have become standard fixtures in operating rooms. During brain surgery, a NeuroMate robot may guide a neurosurgeon to a target within the pulsing cortex. In orthopedics, a Mako robot sculpts and drills bone during knee and hip replacement surgery. Dominating the general surgery field is the da Vinci robot, a multiarmed device that allows surgeons to conduct precise movements of tools through small incisions that they could not manage with their own hands.
November 2016: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875112/tying-tech-to-care-connected-health-is-better-for-both-providers-and-patients
#9
Leslie Mertz
People can do an incredible range of things remotely today. From a chair at the office or under an umbrella at the beach, they can adjust lights and appliance settings at home, monitor visitors on their doorstep, and check in on their teenagers? whereabouts. When it comes to health care, however, there?s still a long way to go before patients can get even simple care advice without having to make an appointment and trudge into the clinic or doctor's office.
November 2016: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874050/automatic-identification-of-systolic-time-intervals-in-seismocardiogram
#10
Ghufran Shafiq, Sivanagaraja Tatinati, Wei Tech Ang, Kalyana C Veluvolu
Continuous and non-invasive monitoring of hemodynamic parameters through unobtrusive wearable sensors can potentially aid in early detection of cardiac abnormalities, and provides a viable solution for long-term follow-up of patients with chronic cardiovascular diseases without disrupting the daily life activities. Electrocardiogram (ECG) and siesmocardiogram (SCG) signals can be readily acquired from light-weight electrodes and accelerometers respectively, which can be employed to derive systolic time intervals (STI)...
November 22, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868271/lone-actor-terrorist-target-choice
#11
Paul Gill, Emily Corner
Lone-actor terrorist attacks have risen to the forefront of the public's consciousness in the past few years. Some of these attacks were conducted against public officials. The rise of hard-to-detect, low-tech attacks may lead to more public officials being targeted. This paper explores whether different behavioral traits are apparent within a sample of lone-actor terrorists who plotted against high-value targets (including public officials) than within a sample of lone actors who plotted against members of the public...
September 2016: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867817/evaluating-the-enhancement-and-improvement-of-china-s-technology-and-financial-services-platform-innovation-strategy
#12
Ching-Sung Wu, Kuang-Hua Hu, Fu-Hsiang Chen
The development of high-tech industry has been prosperous around the world in past decades, while technology and finance have already become the most significant issues in the information era. While high-tech firms are a major force behind a country's economic development, it requires a lot of money for the development process, as well as the financing difficulties for its potential problems, thus, how to evaluate and establish appropriate technology and financial services platforms innovation strategy has become one of the most critical and difficult issues...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867545/an-evaluation-study-of-research-efficiency-of-the-guangzhou-institute-of-respiratory-diseases-based-on-malmquist-index
#13
Jian-Feng Liao, Juan Wang, Liang Liang, Yong-Ding Wu, Mei-Juan Huang, Tian-Qiang Liu, Lin Zhou, Xin-Wang Wang
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to analyze the dynamic changes of the scientific research innovation efficiency of Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Diseases (GIRD) during the year 2009-2013 to explore the reason for these changes and give some suggestions on how to improve the overall efficiency of the Institute. METHODS: The panel data used in this study were taken from 19 research teams of GIRD during 2009 to 2013. Data envelopment analysis (DEA) based on Malmquist index (MI) was used to analyze the performance of each research team in terms of productivity changes over time...
October 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863868/establishing-geochemical-background-variation-and-threshold-values-for-59-elements-in-australian-surface-soil
#14
Clemens Reimann, Patrice de Caritat
During the National Geochemical Survey of Australia over 1300 top (0-10cm depth) and bottom (~60-80cm depth) sediment samples (including ~10% field duplicates) were collected from the outlet of 1186 catchments covering 81% of the continent at an average sample density of 1 site/5200km(2). The <2mm fraction of these samples was analysed for 59 elements by ICP-MS following an aqua regia digestion. Results are used here to establish the geochemical background variation of these elements, including potentially toxic elements (PTEs), in Australian surface soil...
November 15, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857875/dual-endoscopic-endonasal-transsphenoidal-and-precaruncular-transorbital-approaches-for-clipping-of-the-cavernous-carotid-artery-a-cadaveric-simulation
#15
Jeremy Ciporen, Brandon Lucke-Wold, Aclan Dogan, Justin S Cetas, William E Cameron
Background Endoscopic skull base approaches are being used to address complicated neurovascular pathology. These approaches are safest when proximal vascular control of the cavernous carotid artery (CavCA) can be obtained. Methods We present a cadaver-based anatomic simulation study showing the feasibility of clip placement for the CavCA as it courses through the cavernous sinus. The arterial vessels were injected with red microfil (Flow Tech, Carver, Massachusetts) to enhance visibility. The endoscope was directed through a precaruncular transorbital approach and instrumentation was managed through an endonasal transsphenoidal approach...
December 2016: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854471/frontlines-home-is-where-the-healthcare-tech-is
#16
Joseph Sheffer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847749/comparative-assessment-of-antibacterial-activity-of-different-glass-ionomer-cements-on-cariogenic-bacteria
#17
Rahul Gaybarao Naik, Arun Suresh Dodamani, Mahesh Ravindra Khairnar, Harish Chaitram Jadhav, Manjiri Abhay Deshmukh
OBJECTIVES: Glass ionomer cements (GICs), which are biocompatible and adhesive to the tooth surface, are widely used nowadays for tooth restoration. They inhibit the demineralization and promote the remineralization of the tooth structure adjacent to the restoration, as well as interfere with bacterial growth. Hence, the present study was conducted to assess and compare the antimicrobial activity of three commercially available GICs against two cariogenic bacteria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An agar plate diffusion test was used for evaluating the antimicrobial effect of three different GICs (Fuji IX, Ketac Molar, and d-tech) on Streptococcus mutans (S...
November 2016: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842823/greensilica-%C3%A2-vectors-for-smart-textiles
#18
Joana C Matos, Inês Avelar, M Bárbara F Martins, M Clara Gonçalves
The present work aims developing a versatile Greensilica(®) vector/carrier, able to bind to a wide range of textile matrices of carbohydrate polymers and susceptible of being loaded with chemicals/drugs/therapeutic molecules, to create a green tailor-made (multi)functional high-tech textile. A green, eco-friendly, ammonia-free, easily scalable, time-saving sol-gel process was established for the production of those silica-based colloidal particles (SiO2, amine-SiO2, diamine-SiO2, and epoxy-SiO2). Two different textile matrices (cotton, polyester) were functionalized, through the impregnation of Greensilica® particles...
January 20, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836559/performance-of-electrodialysis-reversal-and-reverse-osmosis-for-reclaiming-wastewater-from-high-tech-industrial-parks-in-taiwan-a-pilot-scale-study
#19
Feng-Chi Yen, Sheng-Jie You, Tien-Chin Chang
Wastewater reclamation is considered an absolute necessity in Taiwan, as numerous industrial parks experience water shortage. However, the water quality of secondary treated effluents from sewage treatment plants generally does not meet the requirements of industrial water use because of the high inorganic constituents. This paper reports experimental data from a pilot-plant study of two treatment processes-(i) fiber filtration (FF)-ultrafiltration (UF)-reverse osmosis (RO) and (ii) sand filtration (SF)-electrodialysis reversal (EDR)-for treating industrial high conductivity effluents from the Xianxi wastewater treatment plant in Taiwan...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829064/acceptability-study-on-hiv-self-testing-among-transgender-women-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-female-entertainment-workers-in-cambodia-a-qualitative-analysis
#20
Khuondyla Pal, Chanrith Ngin, Sovannary Tuot, Pheak Chhoun, Cheaty Ly, Srean Chhim, Minh-Anh Luong, Brent Tatomir, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: In Cambodia, HIV prevalence is high while HIV testing rates remain low among transgender women (TG women), men who have sex with men (MSM), and female entertainment workers (FEW). Introducing self-testing for HIV to these key populations (KPs) could potentially overcome the under-diagnosis of HIV and significantly increase testing rates and receipt of the results, and thus could decrease transmission. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the acceptability of HIV self-testing (HIVST) among these three categories of KPs...
2016: PloS One
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