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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633885/characteristics-of-paraspinal-muscle-spindle-response-to-mechanically-assisted-spinal-manipulation-a-preliminary-report
#1
William R Reed, Joel G Pickar, Randall S Sozio, Michael A K Liebschner, Joshua W Little, Maruti R Gudavalli
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this preliminary study is to determine muscle spindle response characteristics related to the use of 2 solenoid powered clinical mechanically assisted manipulation (MAM) devices. METHODS: L6 muscle spindle afferents with receptive fields in paraspinal muscles were isolated in 6 cats. Neural recordings were made during L7 MAM thrusts using the Activator V (Activator Methods Int. Ltd., Phoenix, AZ) and/or Pulstar (Sense Technology Inc., Pittsburgh, PA) devices at their 3 lowest force settings...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632558/the-long-term-clinical-effect-of-minimal-invasive-tlif-technique-in-1-segment-lumbar-disease
#2
Yi-Bing Li, Xiao-Dong Wang, Hong-Wei Yan, Ding-Jun Hao, Zheng-Hua Liu
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort double-center study. OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical effect of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (miTLIF) using the tunnel technique. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: A series of short-term studies have indicated that miTLIF could reduce blood loss and improve clinical results. However, long-term clinical study and magnetic resonance imaging research are still scare. METHODS: From January 2008 to January 2009, 187 patients with 1-segment lumbar disease requiring intervertebral fusion were enrolled in this study...
July 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628414/paraspinal-fat-pad-changes-as-a-valuable-indicator-of-posterior-ligamentous-complex-injury-in-upper-cervical-spine-trauma
#3
Miso Kim, Seunghun Lee, Yoonah Song
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622896/biomechanical-modeling-of-spine-flexibility-and-its-relationship-to-spinal-range-of-motion-and-idiopathic-scoliosis
#4
Tishya A L Wren, Skorn Ponrartana, Ervin Poorghasamians, Sarah Moreau, Patricia C Aggabao, Tracy L Zaslow, Bianca R Edison, Vicente Gilsanz
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationships between spine morphology, spine flexibility, and idiopathic scoliosis. BACKGROUND: Girls have a higher incidence of clinically significant scoliosis than boys, along with smaller vertebrae and greater flexibility. Based on biomechanical modeling, we hypothesized that smaller vertebral width relative to intervertebral disc (IVD) height would be associated with both greater lateral flexibility of the spine and with idiopathic scoliosis...
July 2017: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617768/serious-bacterial-infections-acquired-during-treatment-of-patients-given-a-diagnosis-of-chronic-lyme-disease-united-states
#5
Natalie S Marzec, Christina Nelson, Paul Ravi Waldron, Brian G Blackburn, Syed Hosain, Tara Greenhow, Gary M Green, Catherine Lomen-Hoerth, Marjorie Golden, Paul S Mead
The term "chronic Lyme disease" is used by some health care providers as a diagnosis for various constitutional, musculoskeletal, and neuropsychiatric symptoms (1,2). Patients with a diagnosis of chronic Lyme disease have been provided a wide range of medications as treatment, including long courses of intravenous (IV) antibiotics (3,4). Studies have not shown that such treatments lead to substantial long-term improvement for patients, and they can be harmful (1,5). This report describes cases of septic shock, osteomyelitis, Clostridium difficile colitis, and paraspinal abscess resulting from treatments for chronic Lyme disease...
June 16, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617741/soft-tissue-reconstruction-of-large-spinal-defects-a-12-year-institutional-experience
#6
Chris Devulapalli, Justin Broyles, Ricardo Bello, Tarek Elgendy, Georgia Yalanis, Richard Redett, Gedge D Rosson, Justin Sacks
BACKGROUND: Radical spinal resections can lead to considerable defects requiring soft tissue reconstruction. The purpose of this study was to review our institutional experience of over a decade with reconstruction of spinal defects and identify risk factors predictive of wound complications, particularly focusing on timing of reconstruction with ablative surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent spinal resection and required soft tissue reconstruction from 2002-2014...
June 14, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608178/minimally-invasive-spine-surgery-in-lumbar-spondylodiscitis-a-retrospective-single-center-analysis-of-67-cases
#7
Anja Tschugg, Sebastian Hartmann, Sara Lener, Andreas Rietzler, Neururer Sabrina, Claudius Thomé
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgical techniques have been developed to minimize tissue damage, reduce narcotic requirements, decrease blood loss, and, therefore, potentially avoid prolonged immobilization. Thus, the purpose of the present retrospective study was to assess the safety and efficacy of a minimally invasive posterior approach with transforaminal lumbar interbody debridement and fusion plus pedicle screw fixation in lumbar spondylodiscitis in comparison to an open surgical approach...
June 12, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607627/retroperitoneal-ganglioneuroma-mimicking-a-kidney-tumor-case-report
#8
Agnieszka Dąbrowska-Thing, Wojciech Rogowski, Ryszard Pacho, Ewa Nawrocka-Laskus, Żaneta Nitek
BACKGROUND: Ganglioneuroma (GN) is a rare benign tumor arising from the neural crest cells. The reported incidence of GN is one per million population. As a primary retroperitoneal tumor, it constitutes only a small percentage of 0.72 to 1.6%. GN can arise de novo or as a result of maturation of a neuroblastoma either spontaneously or after chemotherapy. The most common location is the posterior paraspinal mediastinum, retroperitoneum, neck and adrenal gland. However, GN can potentially occur anywhere along the peripheral autonomic ganglion sites...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602826/an-alternative-didactic-functional-and-topographic-systematization-of-the-spinal-muscles
#9
Vivianne Izabelle de Araújo Baptista, William Paganini Mayer, Ricardo Eustáquio da Silva, Ricardo Bragança de Vasconcellos Fontes, Josemberg da Silva Baptista
Back muscles are commonly described in a topographically-oriented manner without necessarily following morphological criteria. In this manner, non-standard terms may be employed which convey incorrect morphological concepts and demanding more time from both faculty and students to transmit knowledge. We propose a classification system for spinal muscles incorporating morphological concepts with the goal of facilitating knowledge transfer and suggest the term "spinal muscles". Paraspinal muscles were systematically divided and classified in seven strata from anterior to posterior: vertebro-appendicular (VA), transversarium (Tr), deep post-transversarium (DPT), middle post-transversarium (MPT), superficial post-transversarium (SPT), deep spino-appendicular (DSA) and superficial spino-appendicular (SSA)...
June 7, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593381/paraspinal-hibernoma-grand-round-presentation-of-a-rare-benign-adipocytic-tumor
#10
Soufiane Ghailane, Houssam Bouloussa, Sandra Fauquier, Caroline Ziadé, Olivier Gille
INTRODUCTION: We report an uncommon case of paraspinal hibernoma with a T12-L1 foraminal extension and discuss the potential differential diagnoses of paraspinal adipocytic tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 32-year-old woman consulted our department with a right subscapular and paraspinal mass. There was no associated neurological deficit. The MRI revealed a paraspinal adipocytic tumor with a T12-L1 right foraminal extension. Percutaneous biopsy suggested a diagnosis of hibernoma...
June 7, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585998/correlation-of-the-features-of-the-lumbar-multifidus-muscle-with-facet-joint-osteoarthritis
#11
Bo Yu, Kaibiao Jiang, Xinfeng Li, Jidong Zhang, Zude Liu
Facet joint osteoarthritis is considered a consequence of the aging process; however, there is evidence that it may be associated with degenerative changes of other structures. The goal of this study was to investigate the correlation between lumbar multifidus muscle features and facet joint osteoarthritis. This retrospective study included 160 patients who had acute or chronic low back pain and were diagnosed with facet joint osteoarthritis on computed tomography scan. Morphometric parameters, including cross-sectional area, muscle-fat index, and percentage of bilateral multifidus asymmetry at L3-L4, L4-L5, and L5-S1, were evaluated with T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging...
June 6, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583099/magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-bacterial-and-tuberculous-spondylodiscitis-with-associated-complications-and-non-infectious-spinal-pathology-mimicking-infections-a-pictorial-review
#12
REVIEW
Yogesh Kumar, Nishant Gupta, Avneesh Chhabra, Takeshi Fukuda, Neetu Soni, Daichi Hayashi
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging plays an important role in the evaluation of bacterial and tuberculous spondylodiscitis and associated complications. Owing to its high sensitivity and specificity, it is a powerful diagnostic tool in the early diagnosis of ongoing infections, and thus provides help in prompt initiation of appropriate, therapy which may be medical or surgical, by defining the extent of involvement and detection of complications such as epidural and paraspinal abscesses. More specifically, MR imaging helps in differentiating bacterial from tuberculous infections and enables follow up of progression or resolution after appropriate treatment...
June 5, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557850/compensatory-muscle-activation-during-unstable-overhead-squat-using-a-water-filled-training-tube
#13
Stephen C Glass, Robert W Albert
The purpose of this study was to assess compensatory muscle activation of core and support muscle during an overhead squat using a water-filled training tube. Eleven experienced weight lifting (age= 20.10 ± 0.99, mass 89.17 ± 6.88kg) men completed three, 30s trials of an overhead squat using an 11.4 kg tube that was partially filled with water. A central valve allowed three conditions of water movement: 50% open, 100% open, and a stable(S), closed valve condition. Subjects completed 8-10 repetitions within each condition...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546249/jugular-anomalies-in-multiple-sclerosis-are-associated-with-increased-collateral-venous-flow
#14
S K Sethi, A M Daugherty, G Gadda, D T Utriainen, J Jiang, N Raz, E M Haacke
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To date, research on extracranial venous collaterals has been focused on structure, with relatively little attention paid to hemodynamics. We addressed this limitation by quantitatively comparing collateral flow in patients with multiple sclerosis and healthy controls by using phase-contrast MR imaging. We hypothesize that patients with MS with structurally anomalous internal jugular veins will have elevated collateral venous flow compared with healthy controls...
May 25, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544940/directional-preference-of-activation-of-abdominal-and-paraspinal-muscles-during-position-control-tasks-in-sitting
#15
Martin Eriksson Crommert, Kylie Tucker, Christopher Holford, Alexander Wight, Donna McCook, Paul Hodges
Controversy exists in the literature regarding antagonist activity of trunk muscles during different types of trunk loading, and the direction-specificity of activation of trunk muscles, particularly the deeper trunk muscles. This study aimed to systematically compare activation of a range of trunk muscles between directions of statically applied loads, and to consider the impact of breathing in this activation. In a semi-seated position, 13 healthy male participants resisted moderate inertial loads applied to the trunk in eight different directions...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538252/concurrent-paraspinous-myopathy-and-myasthenia-gravis
#16
Alissa E Romano, Zaid Al-Qudah, Henry J Kaminski, Bashar Katirji, Karim Salame
Paraspinous myopathy is a rare neuromuscular disorder characterized by selective involvement of the cervical, thoracic, or lumbar muscles. Leading clinical features include a bent spine or dropped head (antecollis). In myasthenia gravis (MG), patients may have camptocormia secondary to neuromuscular junction dysfunction of the paraspinal muscles, and this condition usually responds to acetylcholinesterase inhibitors or immunosuppressive treatments. However, concomitant MG and paraspinous myopathy with histologic and electrophysiologic evidence of myopathic changes of the paraspinal muscles has only been reported twice in the literature...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuromuscular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533614/the-effect-of-bridge-exercise-method-on-the-strength-of-rectus-abdominis-muscle-and-the-muscle-activity-of-paraspinal-muscles-while-doing-treadmill-walking-with-high-heels
#17
Taewook Kang, Jaeseok Lee, Junghoon Seo, Dongwook Han
[Purpose] The purpose of this research is to investigate the effect of the method of bridge exercise on the change of rectus abdominis muscle and the muscle activity of paraspinal muscles while doing treadmill walking with high heels. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of this research are healthy female students consisting of 10 persons performing bridge exercises in a supine group, 10 persons performing bridge exercises in a prone group, and 10 persons in a control group while in S university in Busan. Bridge exercise in supine position is performed in hook lying position...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532891/the-acute-effects-of-integrated-myofascial-techniques-on-lumbar-paraspinal-blood-flow-compared-with-kinesio-taping-a-pilot-study
#18
Yusuf Shah, Marco Arkesteijn, Dexter Thomas, Jemma Whyman, Louis Passfield
BACKGROUND: Myofascial techniques and Kinesio Taping are therapeutic interventions used to treat low back pain. However, limited research has been conducted into the underlying physiological effects of these types of treatments. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the acute effects of integrated myofascial techniques (IMT) and Kinesio Tape (KT) on blood flow at the lumbar paraspinal musculature. METHODS: Forty-four healthy participants (18 male and 26 female) (age, 26 ± SD 7) volunteered for this study and were randomly assigned to one of three interventions, IMT, KT or a control group (Sham TENS)...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532881/preliminary-evidence-of-regional-interdependent-inhibition-using-a-diaphragm-release-to-specifically-induce-an-immediate-hypoalgesic-effect-in-the-cervical-spine
#19
Calum A McCoss, Ross Johnston, Darren J Edwards, Charles Millward
In clinical practice, Osteopaths and Manual Therapists commonly direct treatment towards the diaphragm by the use of a 'Diaphragm Release'. Currently, there is paucity within the literature to support the use of this technique, specifically in pain outcomes. This research aims to support a neurophysiological mechanism based upon the osteopathic principle "The body is a unit". Demonstrating that directing treatment to distal tissue which is neurologically related can reduce pain in the originating spinal segments...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532491/evaluation-of-an-automated-thresholding-algorithm-for-the-quantification-of-paraspinal-muscle-composition-from-mri-images
#20
Maryse Fortin, Mona Omidyeganeh, Michele Crites Battié, Omair Ahmad, Hassan Rivaz
BACKGROUND: The imaging assessment of paraspinal muscle morphology and fatty infiltration has gained considerable attention in the past decades, with reports suggesting an association between muscle degenerative changes and low back pain (LBP). To date, qualitative and quantitative approaches have been used to assess paraspinal muscle composition. Though highly reliable, manual thresholding techniques are time consuming and not always feasible in a clinical setting. The tedious and rater-dependent nature of such manual thresholding techniques provides the impetus for the development of automated or semi-automated segmentation methods...
May 22, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
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