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Mohamed B Hassan, Nancy N Diehl, Brian G Mohney
PURPOSE: To determine whether the immediate postoperative alignment among patients undergoing successful bilateral weakening surgery for esotropia is different in children compared to adults. METHODS: The medical records of all patients undergoing surgery for esotropia by a single surgeon at a major academic referral center between January 1, 2002, and July 1, 2014 (n = 544), were retrospectively reviewed. Exclusion criteria included those with prior strabismus surgery, unilateral surgery, strengthening procedures, vertical or superior oblique surgery, and those wearing hyperopic spectacles for accommodative esotropia...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
So-Yoen Kim, Jong-Dae Lee, Yang-Jin Cho, Mi Rang Son, Ho-Jin Son, Dae Won Cho, Sang Ook Kang
We have synthesised mono-(NpCb) and bis-[(N,N-phenyl-1-naphthylamino)benzo]-o-caboranes (NpCbNp), which show anomalously intense aggregation-induced emission (AIE) at long wavelengths and monomer emission at short wavelengths. The actual concentration of the aggregator in intense AIE is very low, so absorption spectroscopy is unsuitable for detecting small changes in the absorbance. Hence, to understand the aggregation pattern, we employ excitation spectroscopy, since this method has excellent sensitivity in compliance with the emission intensity...
June 18, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Márcio Aurélio Aita, Ricardo Carvalho Mallozi, Willian Ozaki, Douglas Hideo Ikeuti, Daniel Alexandre Pereira Consoni, Gustavo Mantovanni Ruggiero
Objectives: To measure the quality of life and clinical outcomes of patients treated with interosseous membrane (IOM) ligament reconstruction of the forearm, using the brachioradialis (BR), and describe a new surgical technique for the treatment of joint instability of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ). Methods: From January 2013 to September 2016, 24 patients with longitudinal injury of the distal radioulnar joint DRUJ were submitted to surgical treatment with a reconstruction procedure of the distal portion of the interosseous membrane or distal oblique band (DOB)...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Sharon M H Tsang, Amanda H M Lam, Melody H L Ng, Kiki W K Ng, Cherry O H Tsui, Benjamin Yiu
Abdominal exercise has been advocated to improve the protection of the spine and neuromuscular efficiency of the limb movements. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of enhanced contraction of internal oblique and transversus abdominis (IO/TrA) on the activity level of the hip and posterior thigh muscles during therapeutic hip exercises. Twenty healthy females were required to perform eight hip exercises under two conditions, natural versus enhanced IO/TrA contraction conditions. Muscle activity of gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, tensor fasciae latae and biceps femoris of the exercising leg was measured by surface electromyography during hip exercises, and expressed in percentage normalized to the maximal voluntary isometric contraction (%MVIC)...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
Maria do Socorro da Silva Valente, Yuan-Pang Wang, Paulo Rossi Menezes
Burnout and mental disorders have been reported in the financial industry. This study aims to examine the structural validity of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and to investigate the connection between the dimensions of burnout and depressive symptoms in a sample of 1046 bank employees from North Brazil who completed the MBI and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were used to cross-check the factorial structure of the MBI...
June 4, 2018: Psychiatry Research
F Tsitoura, U Gietz, A Chabchoub, N Hoffmann
We report a theoretical derivation, an experimental observation and a numerical validation of nonlinear phase domain walls in weakly nonlinear deep water surface gravity waves. The domain walls presented are connecting homogeneous zones of weakly nonlinear plane Stokes waves of identical amplitude and wave vector but differences in phase. By exploiting symmetry transformations within the framework of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation we demonstrate the existence of exact analytical solutions representing such domain walls in the weakly nonlinear limit...
June 1, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Anja Eckstein, Joachim Esser, Michael Oeverhaus, Peerooz Saeed, Hinke Marijke Jellema
PURPOSE: To review the authors' current understanding of motility dysfunction in patients with thyroid eye disease and to summarize appropriate evaluation and available management options. METHODS: Data were retrieved from a systematic search of the literature. RESULTS: Diplopia is one of the most disabling symptoms for Graves orbitopathy patients. It occurs in moderate-to-severe Graves orbitopathy stages and does not respond well to available anti-inflammatory treatment...
June 13, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Martin A Lodge, Jeffrey P Leal, Arman Rahmim, John J Sunderland, Eric C Frey
A cylinder phantom positioned at a slightly oblique angle with respect to the z-axis of a PET scanner, allows for very fine sampling of the edge spread function. We show how this technique can be used to measure the spatial resolution that can be expected with clinical PET protocols, potentially providing more relevant estimates than are typically obtained with established experimental procedures. Methods: A 20 cm diameter water-filled cylinder phantom containing a uniform 18 F solution was centrally positioned at a small angle with respect to the z-axis of a clinical PET/CT system...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
M Alizadeh, M M Poplawski, J Fisher, R J T Gorniak, A Dresner, F B Mohamed, A E Flanders
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The zonally magnified oblique multislice EPI (ZOOM-EPI) diffusion-weighted sequence has been visually shown to provide superior MR diffusion image quality compared with the full-FOV single-shot EPI sequence (non-ZOOM-EPI) in the adult cervical spinal cord. The purpose of this study was to examine the diffusion tensor imaging indices in the normal human cervical spinal cord between ZOOMED and non-ZOOMED DTI acquisitions and determine whether DTI values are comparable between direct and indirect age-matched groups...
June 14, 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
Carol A Boliek, Reyhaneh Bakhtiari, Lauren Pedersen, Julia R Esch, Jacqueline Cummine
We examined whether or not coherence between chest wall intercostal and oblique muscles changed as a function of lung volume excursion, alveolar pressure, and muscular demand. We also assessed the effects of acute expiratory threshold loading (ETL) on chest wall muscular control. A total of 15 healthy adults (7 males; average age = 28 years) completed maximum performance and ETL tasks. Chest wall surface electromyographic and kinematic recordings were made. Participants also performed a session of acute ETL...
June 15, 2018: Motor Control
Meng-Che Tsai, Chih-Ting Lee, I-Ning Tsai, Shu-Ting Gan, Yi-Lin Liang, Sheng-Hsiang Lin
Minor physical anomalies (MPAs) are associated with disruptions of fetal development. We propose that the same genetic compositions that contribute to the presence of MPAs, also predispose individuals to health-compromising behaviors, thus considering MPAs as particular endophenotypes.We developed a screening questionnaire for problematic conduct, substance abuse, and early sexual practice. A total of 108 adolescents (55 males, 50.9%) aged 11 to 19 years were recruited and further divided into case and control groups according to their answers to the questions of health behaviors mentioned above...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Kotaro Miyake, Osamu Morimura, Takako Inoue, Kenya Yoshida, Izumi Nagatomo, Takashi Kijima, Atsushi Kumanogoh
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify bronchi on computed tomographic (CT) images, manual analysis is more accurate than automatic methods. Nonetheless, manual bronchoscopic navigation is not preferred as it involves mentally reconstructing a route to a bronchial target by interpreting 2-dimensional CT images. Here, we established the direct oblique method (DOM), a form of manual bronchoscopic navigation that does not necessitate mental reconstruction, and compared it with automatic virtual bronchoscopic navigation (VBN)...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
Nicholas J Roberts, René W Barendregt, John J Clague
We provide lithostratigraphic and magnetostratigraphic data derived from a Plio-Pleistocene continental sediment sequence underlying the Altiplano plateau at La Paz, Bolivia. The record comprises six sections along the upper Río La Paz valley, totaling over one kilometre of exposure and forming a ~20-km transect oblique to the adjacent Cordillera Real. Lithostratigraphic characterization includes lithologic and stratigraphic descriptions of units and their contacts. We targeted gravel and diamicton units for paleomagnetic sampling to address gaps in the only previous magnetostratigraphic study from this area...
August 2018: Data in Brief
Florian B Imhoff, Knut Beitzel, Philip Zakko, Elifho Obopilwe, Andreas Voss, Bastian Scheiderer, Daichi Morikawa, Augustus D Mazzocca, Robert A Arciero, Andreas B Imhoff
Background: Derotational osteotomy of the distal femur allows the anatomic treatment of patellofemoral maltracking due to increased femoral antetorsion. However, such rotational osteotomy procedures have a high potential of intended/unintended changes of frontal alignment. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to perform derotational osteotomy of the distal femur and to demonstrate the utility of a novel trigonometric approach to address 3-dimensional (3D) changes on 2-dimensional imaging (axial computed tomography [CT] and frontal-plane radiography)...
June 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Yang Liu, Zhongyi Mao, Alexandre Pradal, Pei-Qiang Huang, Julie Oble, Giovanni Poli
The synthesis of bi- and tricyclic structures incorporating pyrrolidone rings is disclosed, starting from resonance-stabilized acetamides and cyclic α,β-unsaturated-γ-oxycarbonyl derivatives. This process involves an intermolecular Tsuji-Trost allylation/intramolecular nitrogen 1,4-addition sequence. Crucial for the success of this bis-nucleophile/bis-electrophile [3 + 2] annulation is its well-defined step chronology in combination with the total chemoselectivity of the former step. When the newly formed annulation product carries a properly located o-haloaryl moiety at the nitrogen substituent, a further intramolecular keto α-arylation can join the cascade, thereby forming two new cycles and three new bonds in the same synthetic operation...
June 13, 2018: Organic Letters
Pravin Salunke, Sushanta K Sahoo
The management for congenital atlantoaxial dislocation (AAD) and basilar invagination (BI) has significantly changed in the last 2 decades. Authors operate these cases through a direct posterior approach by opening and manipulating the C1-2 joints (irrespective of C1 assimilation), modifying Goel's technique. The joints in these cases are often oblique in both sagittal and coronal planes giving rise to anteroposterior and vertical slip of C1 on C2. Asymmetry on either side gives rise to coronal/lateral angular tilt along with rotational component...
June 12, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
Thong T Nguyen, Kushal Suryamohan, Boney Kuriakose, Vasantharajan Janakiraman, Mike Reichelt, Subhra Chaudhuri, Joseph Guillory, Neethu Divakaran, P E Rabins, Ridhi Goel, Bhabesh Deka, Suman Sarkar, Preety Ekka, Yu-Chih Tsai, Derek Vargas, Sam Santhosh, Sangeetha Mohan, Chen-Shan Chin, Jonas Korlach, George Thomas, Azariah Babu, Somasekar Seshagiri
We sequenced the Hyposidra talaca NPV (HytaNPV) double stranded circular DNA genome using PacBio single molecule sequencing technology. We found that the HytaNPV genome is 139,089 bp long with a GC content of 39.6%. It encodes 141 open reading frames (ORFs) including the 37 baculovirus core genes, 25 genes conserved among lepidopteran baculoviruses, 72 genes known in baculovirus, and 7 genes unique to the HytaNPV genome. It is a group II alphabaculovirus that codes for the F protein and lacks the gp64 gene found in group I alphabaculovirus viruses...
June 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Rebecca Eaton, Kevin Jones, Jane Duff
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the factor structure of the ADAPSS-short form (ADAPSS-SF) in an acutely injured SCI population and to assess the relationship between cognitive appraisals made in the initial phase of rehabilitation and the experience of anxiety and depression. SETTING: National Spinal Injuries Centre, UK. METHOD: Participants were acutely injured patients admitted to the NSIC over 35 months...
June 12, 2018: Spinal Cord
Ivana Rabbone, Nicola Minuto, Sonia Toni, Fortunato Lombardo, Dario Iafusco, Marco Marigliano, Riccardo Schiaffini, G Maltoni, Anna Paola Frongia, Marco Scardapane, Antonio Nicolucci, Valentino Cherubini, Riccardo Bonfanti, Andrea E Scaramuzza
AIMS: Incidence of insulin pump failures in a cohort of children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes was evaluated prospectively during a 1-yr follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Insulin pump breakdown and infusion set failures were prospectively registered in a cohort of 1046 children and adolescents from 25 tertiary pediatric diabetes centers (50% males, mean age 12.2±4.1 yrs), with type 1 diabetes since 6.7±3.6 yrs, and using insulin pump since 3.3±2.2 yrs...
June 12, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
Jing Ma, Wen Liu, Shuyuan Zhang, Zhe Ma, Peishuai Song, Fuhua Yang, Xiaodong Wang
With high power density, fast charging-discharging speed, and a long cycling life, supercapacitors are a kind of highly developed novel energy-storage device that has shown a growing performance and various unconventional shapes such as flexible, linear-type, stretchable, self-healing, etc. Here, we proposed a rational design of thin film, flexible micro-supercapacitors with in-plane interdigital electrodes, where the electrodes were fabricated using the oblique angle deposition technique to grow oblique Ni/NiO nanowire arrays directly on polyimide film...
June 11, 2018: Nanomaterials
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