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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943177/the-association-between-performance-parameters-of-physical-fitness-and-postoperative-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-colorectal-surgery-an-evaluation-of-care-data
#1
A F J M Heldens, B C Bongers, A F Lenssen, L P S Stassen, W F Buhre, N L U van Meeteren
BACKGROUND: Preoperative cardiorespiratory fitness, as measured by cardiopulmonary testing or estimated using the less sophisticated incremental shuttle walk test, timed up-and-go test or stair climb test is known to be associated with postoperative outcome. This study aimed to evaluate whether parameters of physical fitness are associated with postoperative outcome in patients with colorectal cancer scheduled for elective resection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Perioperative data of patients who underwent colorectal resection at Maastricht University Medical Center were retrospectively analyzed...
September 7, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942905/the-case-for-prehabilitation-prior-to-breast-cancer-treatment
#2
REVIEW
Daniel Santa Mina, Priya Brahmbhatt, Christian Lopez, Jennifer Baima, Chelsia Gillis, Lianne Trachtenberg, Julie K Silver
Cancer rehabilitation in breast cancer survivors is well established, and there are many studies that focus on interventions to treat impairments as well as therapeutic exercise. However, very little is known about the role of prehabilitation for people with breast cancer. In this narrative review, we describe contemporary clinical management of breast cancer and associated treatment-related morbidity and mortality considerations. Knowing the common short- and long-term sequelae, as well as less frequent but serious sequelae, informs our rationale for multimodal breast cancer prehabilitation...
September 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931096/-nutrition-therapy-of-cancer-patients
#3
József Lövey
The majority of cancer patients becomes malnourished during the course of their disease. Malnutrition deteriorates the efficiency of all kinds of oncologic interventions. As a consequence of it, treatment-related toxicity increases, hospital stay is lengthened, chances of cure and survival as well as the quality of life of the patients worsen. Nutritional status therefore influences all aspects of outcome of oncology care. In spite of this the use of nutritional therapy varies across health care providers but its application is far from being sufficient during active oncology interventions as well as rehabilitation and supportive care...
September 20, 2017: Magyar Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927785/do-alcoholic-beverages-obesity-and-other-nutritional-factors-modify-the-risk-of-familial-colorectal-cancer-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Anthony Fardet, Nathalie Druesne-Pecollo, Mathilde Touvier, Paule Latino-Martel
PURPOSE: Individuals with family history of colorectal cancer are at higher risk of colorectal cancer than the general population. Until now, guidelines for familial colorectal cancer risk have only pointed at early diagnosis efforts via screening tests and surveillance, and payed scarce or no attention to lowering exposure to modifiable risk factors, notably nutritional factors. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of epidemiological studies investigating the associations between nutritional factors, family history of colorectal cancer, and colorectal cancer risk...
September 7, 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921385/acute-impact-of-home-parenteral-nutrition-in-patients-with-late-stage-cancer-on-family-caregivers-preliminary-data
#5
Lidia Santarpia, Federico Bozzetti
PURPOSE: Since there is no information regarding quality of life of caregivers assisting patients with advanced malignancy on home parenteral nutrition, herewith we report a preliminary series of 19 patients who received total parenteral nutrition at home under the strict supervision of their relatives. METHODS: The relatives of 19 incurable patients with cancer-related cachexia, discharged from the hospital with a home parenteral nutrition program, were prospectively studied...
September 18, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903552/impact-of-body-mass-index-on-the-quality-of-life-after-total-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#6
Ki Bum Park, Ji Yeon Park, Seung Soo Lee, Oh Kyoung Kwon, Ho Young Chung, Wansik Yu
Purpose: We evaluated the impact of postoperative body mass index (BMI) shifts on the quality of life (QoL) following total gastrectomy in patients with gastric cancer. Methods and Methods: QoL data collected from the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 and QLQ-STO22 questionnaires were obtained from 417 patients preoperatively and 1 year after surgery. Patients were divided into two groups based on changes in BMI: group 1 comprised patients whose BMI range category dropped, and group 2 included patients who maintained or rose to a higher category compared to their preoperative BMI category...
September 13, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902785/predictors-of-pancreatic-cancer-associated-weight-loss-and-nutritional-interventions
#7
Laura Nemer, Somashekar G Krishna, Zarine K Shah, Darwin L Conwell, Zobeida Cruz-Monserrate, Mary Dillhoff, Denis C Guttridge, Alice Hinton, Andrei Manilchuk, Timothy M Pawlik, Carl R Schmidt, Erin E Talbert, Tanios Bekaii-Saab, Phil A Hart
OBJECTIVES: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is often accompanied by weight loss. We sought to characterize factors associated with weight loss and observed nutritional interventions, as well as define the effect of weight loss on survival. METHODS: Consecutive subjects diagnosed with PDAC (N = 123) were retrospectively evaluated. Univariate analysis was used to compare subjects with and without substantial (>5%) weight loss. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to identify factors associated with weight loss, and survival analyses were performed using Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox survival models...
October 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895922/the-effect-of-nutrition-therapy-and-exercise-on-cancer-related-fatigue-and-quality-of-life-in-men-with-prostate-cancer-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Brenton J Baguley, Kate A Bolam, Olivia R L Wright, Tina L Skinner
BACKGROUND: Improvements in diet and/or exercise are often advocated during prostate cancer treatment, yet the efficacy of, and optimal nutrition and exercise prescription for managing cancer-related fatigue and quality of life remains elusive. The aim of this study is to systematically review the effects of nutrition and/or exercise on cancer-related fatigue and/or quality of life. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in six electronic databases. The Delphi quality assessment list was used to evaluate the methodological quality of the literature...
September 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888208/prophetic-medicine-as-potential-functional-food-elements-in-the-intervention-of-cancer-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Bassem Y Sheikh, Md Moklesur Rahman Sarker, Muhamad Noor Alfarizal Kamarudin, Amin Ismail
Amounting scientific evidences have revealed the antitumor, antimetastatic, antiangiogenic, antiproliferative, chemopreventive and neo-adjuvant efficacy of Prophetic Medicine in various in vitro, in vivo and clinical cancer models. Prophetic Medicine includes plants, dietary materials or spices that were used as remedy recipes and nutrition by the great Prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him) to treat various ailments. Prophetic medicine is the total authentic Hadith narrated by the Prophet (PBUH) in relation to medicine, whether Qur'anic verses or honourable Prophetic Hadith...
September 6, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886707/health-outcomes-of-non-nutritive-sweeteners-analysis-of-the-research-landscape
#10
REVIEW
Szimonetta Lohner, Ingrid Toews, Joerg J Meerpohl
BACKGROUND: Food products containing non-nutritive sweeteners (NNSs) instead of sugar have become increasingly popular in the last decades. Their appeal is obviously related to their calorie-free sweet taste. However, with the dramatic increase in their consumption, it is reasonable and timely to evaluate their potential health benefits and, more importantly, potential adverse effects. The main aim of this scoping review was to map the evidence about health outcomes possibly associated with regular NNS consumption by examining the extent, range, and nature of research activity in this area...
September 8, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884400/nutrition-and-aging-a-practicing-oncologist-s-perspective
#11
REVIEW
Rishi Jain, Efrat Dotan
Malnutrition is common in patients with cancer and is associated with a variety of negative outcomes. These can include reduced treatment tolerance and worsened cancer prognosis. Various aspects of aging, including sensory, physical, or psychosocial changes, place older patients at a particularly high risk for malnutrition, and these geriatric factors must be identified early and addressed. Despite the lack of available evidence on the optimal nutritional interventions for older adults with cancer, the oncologist must be prepared to address the common nutritional concerns that arise in both advanced cancer and survivorship settings...
September 7, 2017: Current Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881909/outcomes-of-nutritional-interventions-to-treat-dysphagia-in-esophageal-cancer-a-population-based-study
#12
R M Modi, S Mikhail, K Ciombor, K A Perry, A Hinton, P P Stanich, C Zhang, D L Conwell, S G Krishna
Esophageal cancer (EC) is increasing in prevalence due to rising incidence and improved treatment strategies. Dysphagia is a significant morbidity in patients with EC requiring nutritional intervention. We sought to evaluate outcomes of nutritional interventions for EC patients hospitalized with dysphagia at a population level. The National Inpatient Sample (2002-2012) was utilized to include all adult inpatients (≥18 years of age) with EC and presence of dysphagia and stricture that underwent nutritional interventions including feeding tube (FT) placement, esophageal stenting, or parenteral nutrition (PN)...
November 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862219/assessment-of-nutritional-status-using-abridged-scored-patient-generated-subjective-global-assessment-in-cancer-patient
#13
Simin Shahvazi, Shokouh Onvani, Marziyeh Heydari, Valiollah Mehrzad, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Hosseyn Fallahzadeh
CONTEXT: Malnutrition is a common problem among cancer patients, usually occurs due to poor appetite, low food intake, and changes in body metabolism. AIMS: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in patients receiving chemotherapy on an outpatient basis. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This cross-sectional study conducted on 300 cancer patients referred to hospital. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The prevalence of malnutrition among patients was assessed using the abridged scored patient-generated subjective global assessment (abPG-SGA) standard questionnaire...
July 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860797/surveying-the-effect-of-a-self-care-education-program-on-severity-of-nausea-and-emesis-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-under-chemotherapy
#14
Saba Karimi, Behnam Reza Makhsosi, Seyed Jalil Seyedi-Andi, Maryam Behzadi, Yasaman Moghofeh, Kourosh Mohammadinasrabadi, Alireza Abdi, Pegah Ahmadi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Colorectal cancer is one of the main causes of mortality in both developed and developing countries, including Iran. One of the treatments available for colorectal cancer is chemotherapy, of which nausea and emesis are the side effects. Owing to problems in controlling the side effects, a combination of medicine and non-medicine interventions is usually used. Self-care is one of the non-medicine interventions in this regard. The present study was aimed at surveying the effect of a self-care education program on severity of nausea and emesis in colorectal cancer patients under chemotherapy...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860112/risk-factors-for-falls-in-older-patients-with-cancer
#15
Xiaotao Zhang, Ming Sun, Suyu Liu, Cheuk Hong Leung, Linda Pang, Uday R Popat, Richard Champlin, Holly M Holmes, Vicente Valero, Colin P Dinney, Debu Tripathy, Beatrice J Edwards
OBJECTIVES: A rising number of patients with cancer are older adults (65 years of age and older), and this proportion will increase to 70% by the year 2020. Falls are a common condition in older adults. We sought to assess the prevalence and risk factors for falls in older patients with cancer. METHODS: This is a single-site, retrospective cohort study. Patients who were receiving cancer care underwent a comprehensive geriatric assessments, including cognitive, functional, nutritional, physical, falls in the prior 6 months and comorbidity assessment...
August 31, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831332/development-of-a-universal-nutritional-screening-platform-for-plastic-surgery-patients
#16
Melissa Roy, Paul Hunter, Julie A Perry, Karen M Cross
Plastic surgeons routinely see patients with complex or chronic wounds of all etiology. In a previous study, we found that up to 1 in 4 of these patients is at risk for malnutrition, which may be influencing their ability to heal. The goal of this study was to develop and validate a universal screening protocol that would be fast and accurate and allow for effective intervention and optimization of nutrition before plastic surgery. METHODS: To accomplish these goals, we adopted a 2-part screening algorithm using the Canadian Nutritional Screening Tool (CNST) to triage patients in our outpatient clinics and then further screened those identified as being at risk using the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) tool and blood work...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817367/nutrition-implications-for-long-term-survivors-of-pancreatic-cancer-surgery-formula-see-text
#17
Maria Q B Petzel, Leah Hoffman
With slowly increasing survival rates in pancreatic cancer and international consensus guidelines recommending surgical resection of premalignant lesions, survival post-pancreatic resection is increasing. With longer survival time, the significant comorbidities of such major surgery have far-reaching effects on the nutrition status of the survivor of pancreatic cancer. This review describes the many nutrition-related side effects of pancreatic surgery, including the development of pancreatic enzyme insufficiency, micronutrient deficiencies, diabetes, fatty liver, and metabolic bone disease...
October 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806753/accelerometer-derived-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-by-cancer-type-in-the-united-states
#18
Keith M Thraen-Borowski, Keith P Gennuso, Lisa Cadmus-Bertram
The 2003-2004 and 2005-2006 cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were among the first population-level studies to incorporate objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behavior, allowing for greater understanding of these behaviors. However, there has yet to be a comprehensive examination of these data in cancer survivors, including short- and long-term survivors of all cancer types. Therefore, the purpose of this analysis was to use these data to describe activity behaviors in short- and long-term cancer survivors of various types...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805667/the-effect-of-a-standardized-ginger-extract-on-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-undergoing-moderately-or-highly-emetogenic-chemotherapy-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#19
Wolfgang Marx, Alexandra L McCarthy, Karin Ried, Dan McKavanagh, Luis Vitetta, Avni Sali, Anna Lohning, Elisabeth Isenring
Ginger supplementation could be an effective adjuvant treatment for chemotherapy-induced nausea (CIN). The aim of this clinical trial was to address significant methodological limitations in previous trials. Patients (N = 51) were randomly allocated to receive either 1.2 g of standardised ginger extract or placebo per day, in addition to standard anti-emetic therapy, during the first three cycles of chemotherapy. The primary outcome was CIN-related quality of life (QoL) measured with the Functional Living Index- Emesis (FLIE) questionnaire...
August 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797450/tube-feeding-during-treatment-for-head-and-neck-cancer-adherence-and-patient-reported-barriers
#20
Teresa Brown, Merrilyn Banks, Brett G M Hughes, Charles Lin, Lizbeth Kenny, Judith Bauer
OBJECTIVES: The main aim was to investigate the incidence of patient adherence to nutritional tube feeding recommendations in patients with head and neck cancer and to determine patient barriers to meeting tube feeding prescription. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an observational study from a randomised controlled trial in patients with head and neck cancer deemed at high nutritional risk with prophylactic gastrostomy (n=125). Patients were randomised to receive early tube feeding prior to treatment (intervention group) or standard care...
September 2017: Oral Oncology
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