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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806753/accelerometer-derived-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-by-cancer-type-in-the-united-states
#1
Keith M Thraen-Borowski, Keith P Gennuso, Lisa Cadmus-Bertram
The 2003-2004 and 2005-2006 cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were among the first population-level studies to incorporate objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behavior, allowing for greater understanding of these behaviors. However, there has yet to be a comprehensive examination of these data in cancer survivors, including short- and long-term survivors of all cancer types. Therefore, the purpose of this analysis was to use these data to describe activity behaviors in short- and long-term cancer survivors of various types...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805667/the-effect-of-a-standardized-ginger-extract-on-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-undergoing-moderately-or-highly-emetogenic-chemotherapy-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#2
Wolfgang Marx, Alexandra L McCarthy, Karin Ried, Dan McKavanagh, Luis Vitetta, Avni Sali, Anna Lohning, Elisabeth Isenring
Ginger supplementation could be an effective adjuvant treatment for chemotherapy-induced nausea (CIN). The aim of this clinical trial was to address significant methodological limitations in previous trials. Patients (N = 51) were randomly allocated to receive either 1.2 g of standardised ginger extract or placebo per day, in addition to standard anti-emetic therapy, during the first three cycles of chemotherapy. The primary outcome was CIN-related quality of life (QoL) measured with the Functional Living Index- Emesis (FLIE) questionnaire...
August 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797450/tube-feeding-during-treatment-for-head-and-neck-cancer-adherence-and-patient-reported-barriers
#3
Teresa Brown, Merrilyn Banks, Brett G M Hughes, Charles Lin, Lizbeth Kenny, Judith Bauer
OBJECTIVES: The main aim was to investigate the incidence of patient adherence to nutritional tube feeding recommendations in patients with head and neck cancer and to determine patient barriers to meeting tube feeding prescription. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an observational study from a randomised controlled trial in patients with head and neck cancer deemed at high nutritional risk with prophylactic gastrostomy (n=125). Patients were randomised to receive early tube feeding prior to treatment (intervention group) or standard care...
September 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790295/-perioperative-management-team-in-esophageal-cancer-surgery
#4
Akihiko Okamura, Masayuki Watanabe
Esophagectomy for patients with esophageal cancer is one of the most invasive surgery. Despite advances in surgical techniques and perioperative management, both morbidity and mortality rates after esophagectomy still remains high. Recently, it was suggested that perioperative care bundle is effective for preventing postoperative complications after esophagectomy. Then, we introduced a perioperative multidisciplinary management team, which aimed at systematic perioperative care for patients undergoing esophagectomy...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782702/preferences-for-life-sustaining-treatments-examined-by-hidden-markov-modeling-are-mostly-stable-in-terminally-ill-cancer-patients-last-6-months-of-life
#5
Siew Tzuh Tang, Fur-Hsing Wen, Wen-Cheng Chang, Chia-Hsun Hsieh, Wen-Chi Chou, Jen-Shi Chen, Ming-Mo Hou
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Stability of life-sustaining treatment (LST) preferences at end of life (EOL) has not been well established for terminally ill cancer patients nor have transition probabilities been explored between different types of preferences. We assessed the stability of cancer patients' LST preferences at EOL by identifying distinct LST-preference states and examining the probability of each state transitioning to other states between consecutive time points. METHODS: Stability of LST preferences (cardio-pulmonary resuscitation, intensive care unit [ICU] care, cardiac massage, intubation with mechanical ventilation, intravenous nutrition support, and nasogastric tube feeding) was examined among 303 cancer patients in their last 6 months by hidden Markov modeling...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771447/chronic-pancreatitis
#6
Dennis Yang, Chris E Forsmark
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Summarize key clinical advances in chronic pancreatitis reported in 2016. RECENT FINDINGS: Early diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis remains elusive. Recent studies suggest that endoscopic ultrasound may be less accurate than previously thought and new MRI techniques may be helpful. Genetic predisposition may independently affect the clinical course of chronic pancreatitis and the risk for pancreatic cancer. Cigarette smoking may have a greater negative impact on chronic pancreatitis than previously thought and moderate alcohol consumption may be protective...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759113/feasibility-and-preliminary-effects-of-resistance-training-and-nutritional-supplements-during-versus-after-radiotherapy-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-a-pilot-randomized-trial
#7
Jon Arne Sandmael, Asta Bye, Tora Skeidsvoll Solheim, Guro Birgitte Stene, Lene Thorsen, Stein Kaasa, Jo-Åsmund Lund, Line Merethe Oldervoll
BACKGROUND: Patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) experience involuntary weight loss that has a negative impact on physical function, morbidity, and survival. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the feasibility of an exercise and nutrition intervention during radiotherapy (RT) compared with after RT, and to examine preliminary effects on skeletal muscle mass. METHODS: Patients with HNC were randomized to an exercise and nutrition intervention during RT (EN-DUR) or after RT (EN-AF)...
July 31, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753570/an-evaluation-of-nutrition-intervention-during-radiation-therapy-in-patients-with-locoregionally-advanced-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#8
Ting Jin, Kai-Xin Li, Pei-Jing Li, Shuang Huang, Xiao-Zhong Chen, Ming Chen, Qiao-Ying Hu, Lei Shi, Yuan-Yuan Chen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of nutrition intervention during radiation for patients with locoregionally advanced (III-IVa) nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 117 patients with locoregionally advanced (III-IVa) NPC treated between December 2015 and March 2016 in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital. All the patients underwent radical chemo-radiotherapy. First, all the patients were divided into the nutrition intervention group and the control group, depending on whether they accepted nutrition intervention...
July 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741519/cancer-prevention-lessons-learned-and-future-directions
#9
REVIEW
Barbara K Dunn, Barnett S Kramer
In this review, we address selected areas that are central to the state-of-the-art of cancer prevention science. The emphasis on prevention as a viable and critical approach to decreasing cancer mortality has gained traction in recent years, evidenced by its inclusion in the US Vice President's Cancer Initiative (also termed 'Moonshot'). Cancer prevention occurs by arresting, slowing down, or reversing the carcinogenic process before invasion into surrounding tissue or by avoiding or blocking causative exposure...
December 2016: Trends in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739839/dog-ownership-supports-the-maintenance-of-physical-activity-during-poor-weather-in-older-english-adults-cross-sectional-results-from-the-epic-norfolk-cohort
#10
Yu-Tzu Wu, Robert Luben, Andy Jones
BACKGROUND: Dog ownership has been suggested to encourage physical activity in older adults and may enhance resilience to poor environmental conditions. This study investigates the role of dog ownership and walking as a means of supporting the maintenance of physical activity in older adults during periods of inclement weather. METHODS: The analysis used data from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition Norfolk cohort. Daily physical activity (counts per minute) and minutes of sedentary behaviour were measured using accelerometers over 7 days...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736506/national-disability-adjusted-life-years-dalys-for-257-diseases-and-injuries-in-ethiopia-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#11
Awoke Misganaw, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Amare Deribew, Kebede Deribe, Semaw Ferede Abera, Muluken Dessalegn, Yihunie Lakew, Tolesa Bekele, Tilahun N Haregu, Azmeraw T Amare, Molla Gedefaw, Mesoud Mohammed, Biruck Desalegn Yirsaw, Solomon Abrha Damtew, Tom Achoki, Jed Blore, Kristopher J Krohn, Yibeltal Assefa, Mahlet Kifle, Mohsen Naghavi
BACKGROUND: Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) provide a summary measure of health and can be a critical input to guide health systems, investments, and priority-setting in Ethiopia. We aimed to determine the leading causes of premature mortality and disability using DALYs and describe the relative burden of disease and injuries in Ethiopia. METHODS: We used results from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) for non-fatal disease burden, cause-specific mortality, and all-cause mortality to derive age-standardized DALYs by sex for Ethiopia for each year...
2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732542/national-disability-adjusted-life-years-dalys-for-257-diseases-and-injuries-in-ethiopia-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#12
Awoke Misganaw, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Amare Deribew, Kebede Deribe, Semaw Ferede Abera, Muluken Dessalegn, Yihunie Lakew, Tolesa Bekele, Tilahun N Haregu, Azmeraw T Amare, Molla Gedefaw, Mesoud Mohammed, Biruck Desalegn Yirsaw, Solomon Abrha Damtew, Tom Achoki, Jed Blore, Kristopher J Krohn, Yibeltal Assefa, Mahlet Kifle, Mohsen Naghavi
BACKGROUND: Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) provide a summary measure of health and can be a critical input to guide health systems, investments, and priority-setting in Ethiopia. We aimed to determine the leading causes of premature mortality and disability using DALYs and describe the relative burden of disease and injuries in Ethiopia. METHODS: We used results from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015) for non-fatal disease burden, cause-specific mortality, and all-cause mortality to derive age-standardized DALYs by sex for Ethiopia for each year...
July 21, 2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731604/nutritional-status-management-and-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-esophageal-and-gastro-oesophageal-cancers-a-descriptive-study
#13
May Mak, Katherine Bell, Weng Ng, Mark Lee
AIM: The aims of this study were to investigate the nutritional management practice and nutritional status of patients with oesophageal and gastro-oesophageal cancers, and to propose strategies for improving their nutritional and clinical outcomes. METHODS: All patients diagnosed with oesophageal and gastro-oesophageal cancers and treated with chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy at the Liverpool Cancer Therapy Centre (between August 2010 and February 2014) were included in this retrospective study...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722707/nutrition-inflammation-and-cancer
#14
REVIEW
Laurence Zitvogel, Federico Pietrocola, Guido Kroemer
Quantitative and qualitative aspects of nutrition have a profound effect on leukocytes and thereby affect proinflammatory carcinogenic effects or anticancer immune responses. As a result, nutrition affects the incidence, natural progression and therapeutic response of malignant diseases, both in humans and in preclinical animal models. Here we discuss the molecular mechanisms through which alimentary cues modulate metabolic, microbial and neuroendocrine circuitries and thus affect the probability of developing premalignant lesions that progress to clinically manifested disease and the response to therapeutic intervention...
July 19, 2017: Nature Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721555/the-value-of-physical-performance-measurements-alongside-assessment-of-sarcopenia-in-predicting-receipt-and-completion-of-planned-treatment-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-an-observational-exploratory-study
#15
Jemima T Collins, Simon Noble, John Chester, Helen E Davies, William D Evans, Daniel Farewell, Jason F Lester, Diane Parry, Rebecca Pettit, Anthony Byrne
INTRODUCTION: The presence of muscle mass depletion is associated with poor outcomes and survival in cancer. Alongside muscle mass, assessment of muscle strength or physical performance is essential for the diagnosis of sarcopenia. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a prevalent form of cancer with high mortality, and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status (PS) is commonly used to assess patients' suitability for treatment. However, a significant proportion of patients with good PS are unable to complete multidisciplinary team (MDT)-planned treatment...
July 18, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712987/the-tailored-study-a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-improve-surrogate-decision-making
#16
Daniel P Sulmasy, Mark T Hughes, Gayane Yenokyan, Joan Kub, Peter B Terry, Alan B Astrow, Julie A Johnson, Grace Ho, Marie T Nolan
CONTEXT: Patients with terminal illnesses often require surrogate decision makers. Prior research has demonstrated high surrogate stress, and that despite standards promoting substituted judgment, most patients do not want their surrogates to make pure substituted judgments for them. It is not known how best to help loved ones fulfill the surrogate role. OBJECTIVES: To test the effectiveness of an intervention to help surrogate decision makers. METHODS: 166 patients (41% with ALS and 59% with gastrointestinal cancers) and their surrogates at 2 university medical centers were randomized to an intensive nurse-directed discussion of the end of life Decision Control Preferences of the patient (TAILORED) or a discussion of nutrition (CONTROL); 163 completed baseline interviews and underwent the intervention...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710147/dietary-guidelines-for-breast-cancer-patients-a-critical-review
#17
REVIEW
Ana Teresa Limon-Miro, Veronica Lopez-Teros, Humberto Astiazaran-Garcia
Current dietary guidelines for breast cancer patients (BCPs) fail to address adequate dietary intakes of macro- and micronutrients that may improve patients' nutritional status. This review includes information from the PubMed and Biomed Central databases over the last 15 y concerning dietary guidelines for BCPs and the potential impact of a personalized, nutrient-specific diet on patients' nutritional status during and after antineoplastic treatment. Results indicated that BCPs should receive a nutritional assessment immediately after diagnosis...
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710142/perspective-neuroregenerative-nutrition
#18
Dennis A Steindler, Brent A Reynolds
Good health while aging depends upon optimal cellular and organ functioning that contribute to the regenerative ability of the body during the lifespan, especially when injuries and diseases occur. Although diet may help in the maintenance of cellular fitness during periods of stability or modest decline in the regenerative function of an organ, this approach is inadequate in an aged system, in which the ability to maintain homeostasis is further challenged by aging and the ensuing suboptimal functioning of the regenerative unit, tissue-specific stem cells...
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702218/effects-of-a-parallel-arm-randomized-controlled-weight-loss-pilot-study-on-biological-and-psychosocial-parameters-of-overweight-and-obese-breast-cancer-survivors
#19
Andrea Y Arikawa, Beth C Kaufman, Susan K Raatz, Mindy S Kurzer
BACKGROUND: Weight gain often occurs after breast cancer (BC) diagnosis and obesity along with sedentary behavior are associated with increased risk of BC recurrence and mortality. The primary objective of this study was to determine whether a significant weight loss, of approximately 10%, would lead to beneficial changes in biomarkers associated with cancer and/or cancer recurrence, and quality of life (QOL) in overweight and obese BC survivors. METHODS: This parallel-arm study took place in Minneapolis, Minnesota, from January 2009 until March 2010...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689670/espen-expert-group-recommendations-for-action-against-cancer-related-malnutrition
#20
REVIEW
J Arends, V Baracos, H Bertz, F Bozzetti, P C Calder, N E P Deutz, N Erickson, A Laviano, M P Lisanti, D N Lobo, D C McMillan, M Muscaritoli, J Ockenga, M Pirlich, F Strasser, M de van der Schueren, A Van Gossum, P Vaupel, A Weimann
Patients with cancer are at particularly high risk for malnutrition because both the disease and its treatments threaten their nutritional status. Yet cancer-related nutritional risk is sometimes overlooked or under-treated by clinicians, patients, and their families. The European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) recently published evidence-based guidelines for nutritional care in patients with cancer. In further support of these guidelines, an ESPEN oncology expert group met for a Cancer and Nutrition Workshop in Berlin on October 24 and 25, 2016...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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