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Scoliosis, angle degree

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578478/screening-of-scoliosis-in-school-children-in-tehran-the-prevalence-rate-of-idiopathic-scoliosis
#1
Sepehr Moalej, Shahrbanoo Kazemi, Mahsa Asadabadi, Leila Khedmat, Rezvan Hashemi, Reza Tavacolizadeh, Zahra Vahabi, Ghazal Shariatpanahi
BACKGROUND: Scoliosis is abnormal sideways curve of spine .Screening for scoliosis is controversial, and there has been significant heterogeneity between studies. In Iran, there is still no suitable device to screen sideways curves in spine. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the simple scolioscreen software for screening the students of elementary schools for detecting schoolchildren scoliosis. This students has been examined by trained medical student and data entered in scolioscreen application of Iphone...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558021/trunk-rotation-due-to-persistence-of-primitive-reflexes-in-early-school-age-children
#2
Ewa Z Gieysztor, Ludwika Sadowska, Anna M Choińska, Małgorzata Paprocka-Borowicz
BACKGROUND: The angle of trunk rotation (ATR) is a measurement that allows an objective assessment of a growing child's spine. Early detection of trunk rotation prevents the progression of scoliosis. One of the factors that predispose children to the formation of faulty posture may be primitive reflexes, which should be integrated in the central nervous system (CNS) by the age of one year. If retained, primitive reflexes affect children's physical development as well as their development at school...
March 14, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517186/brace-treatment-of-idiopathic-scoliosis-is-effective-for-a-curve-over-40-degrees-but-is-the-evaluation-of-cobb-angle-the-only-parameter-for-the-indication-of-treatment
#3
Angelo G Aulisa, Vincenzo Guzzanti, Francesco Falciglia, Marco Giordano, Marco Galli, Lorenzo Aulisa
BACKGROUND: The recent literature showed positive results for bracing of patients with idiopathic scoliosis above 45° who refused surgery. However, no one has investigated whether other parameters can affect the results. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of bracing in idiopathic scoliosis with curves above 40° and to verify the mechanical and biological parameters which go beyond the simple bend value expressed in Cobb degrees. DESIGN: This is an observational controlled cohort study nested in a prospective clinical on-going database including 1,238 patients with idiopathic scoliosis...
March 7, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494458/influence-of-derotation-connectors-on-3d-surgical-correction-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#4
Jérémy Allia, Jean-Luc Clément, Virginie Rampal, Béatrice Leloutre, Olivier Rosello, Federico Solla
STUDY DESIGN: Monocentric study comparing results of simultaneous translation on 2 rods (ST2R) with derotation connectors (prospective series) or without derotation connectors (retrospective series) in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) surgery. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess if derotation connectors influence axial, coronal, and sagittal results in AIS surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Conventional reduction techniques remain limited in their ability to reduce axial torsion...
February 28, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442100/predictors-of-deterioration-in-sagittal-balance-following-long-fusion-arthrodesis-to-l5-in-patients-with-adult-scoliosis
#5
Xianda Gao, Linfeng Wang, Changzhi Yan, Yanlong Gao, Yong Shen
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to identify the predictors of deterioration in sagittal balance in patients with adult scoliosis following long fusion arthrodesis to L5. MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective clinical study included 63 patients with adult scoliosis who underwent long fusion arthrodesis to L5, between February 2005 and May 2015. Radiological imaging values included the angle of lumbar lordosis (LL), and the angle of pelvic incidence (PI). The patients were divided into two cohorts, according to the threshold of average loss of sagittal vertical axis (SVA): a cohort with stable sagittal balance (SSB) and a cohort with deteriorated sagittal balance (DSB)...
February 14, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326761/prevalence-rate-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-results-of-school-based-screening-in-surabaya-indonesia
#6
I S Komang-Agung, S B Dwi-Purnomo, A Susilowati
Introduction: Scoliosis is a lateral spinal deformity of 10 degrees or more, resulting in a C-shaped or S-shaped curve of the spine. Information about adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) prevalence rate is important not only for paediatric health care planning strategy but also for parent's awareness. This study aims to find the suitable inclination cut-off angle and the prevalence rate of AIS in Surabaya, Indonesia. Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in 2010. We performed stratified random sampling of 784 Elementary and Junior High School students in Surabaya between 9-16 years of age...
November 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301173/expressing-cobb-angle-as-linear-measurement-in-scoliosis-and-its-significance-a-clinical-and-geometrical-analysis-of-scoliosis
#7
Kishore Puthezhath
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to formulate an objective clinical and geometric relationship between Cobb angle and the difference between the lengths of convex and concave sides (convexo-concave vertebral difference) of the structural curve in scoliosis. Is it possible to express Cobb angle in such a way that it could be visualized as a length, especially while planning for surgical correction of scoliosis? METHODS: Thirty consecutive patients below the age of 19 years with a scoliosis of Cobb angle more than 10 degrees were included in the study...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275579/-risk-factors-associated-with-massive-drainage-after-posterior-spinal-orthopaedic-surgery-for-adolescent-scoliosis
#8
N Li, R Jia, X P Gu, Z L Ma
Objective: To identify risk factors that influence the massive drainage after posterior spinal orthopaedic surgery for adolescent scoliosis. Methods: A total of 1 461 patients from 11 to 18 years old diagnosed with adolescent scoliosis who underwent first posterior spinal orthopaedic surgery in affiliated Drum Tower Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University between November 2010 and October 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were categorized on the basis of massive or normal drainage, with the boundary 30(th) percentile of drainage/estimated blood volume...
November 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228056/back-and-neck-pain-and-function-in-females-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-follow-up-at-least-23-years-after-conservative-treatment-with-a-milwaukee-brace
#9
Ewa Misterska, Jakub Głowacki, Adam Okręt, Maria Laurentowska, Maciej Głowacki
We aimed to explore the long-term outcomes of back and neck pain and functionality in adult females with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), who had been treated with a Milwaukee brace, in a follow-up study a minimum of 23 years after the completion of the treatment, using radiological, clinical and socio-demographical data. Thirty AIS patients (scoliosis group-SG), were included in the study based on an extensive search of Pediatric Orthopedics and Traumatology Clinic charts. All treatments were successfully completed between 1974 and 1990...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200174/predictability-of-supine-radiographs-for-determining-in-brace-correction-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#10
Jason Pui Yin Cheung, Karen Kar Lum Yiu, Srinivasa Vidyadhara, Peggy Pui Yee Chan, Prudence Wing Hang Cheung, Kin Cheung Mak
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective radiographic study OBJECTIVE.: To assess whether flexibility as revealed by the supine radiograph, predicts in-brace curve correction. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Currently there is no consensus regarding a standard method to assess curve flexibility and immediate brace effectiveness in treating adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Brace fabrication methods may be variable but ideally it should achieve maximal curve correction. Curve flexibility governs the degree of curve correction in-brace and hence dynamic radiographs are commonly performed prior to brace fitting...
December 1, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166933/correlation-between-facet-tropism-and-lumbar-degenerative-disease-a-retrospective-analysis
#11
Tian Gao, Qi Lai, Song Zhou, Xuqiang Liu, Yuan Liu, Ping Zhan, Xiaolong Yu, Jun Xiao, Min Dai, Bin Zhang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between facet tropism and spinal degenerative diseases, such as degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis, degenerative lumbar scoliosis, and lumbar disc herniation. METHODS: This study retrospectively analysed clinical data from the Department of Orthopaedics at The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University. Ninety-two patients were diagnosed with lumbar spondylolisthesis, 64 patients with degenerative scoliosis, and 86 patients with lumbar disc herniation between 1 October 2014 and 1 October 2016...
November 22, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112006/modified-lumbosacral-angle-and-modified-pelvic-incidence-as-new-parameters-for-management-of-pediatric-high-grade-spondylolisthesis
#12
Zhenjiang Ma, Changqing Zhao, Kai Zhang, Lin Du, Jianping Tian, Xiaojiang Sun, Jie Zhao
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to introduce new parameters that can better describe the pelvic morphology and lumbosacral segmental deformity in children with high-grade spondylolisthesis of the L5 vertebra: modified pelvic incidence (mPI) and modified lumbosacral angle (mLSA). Also, we aimed to establish the mLSA as a convenient, reliable measurement method and criteria to evaluate the reduction of L5 vertebral slippage. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Numerous parameters and methods exist to evaluate segmental deformity and reduction of L5 vertebral slippage, but no definitive standard for accurately and conveniently describing lumbosacral kyphosis and degree of reduction exists...
November 3, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094108/curve-progression-after-long-term-brace-treatment-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-comparative-results-between-over-and-under-30-cobb-degrees-sosort-2017-award-winner
#13
Angelo G Aulisa, Vincenzo Guzzanti, Francesco Falciglia, Marco Galli, Paolo Pizzetti, Lorenzo Aulisa
Background: The factors influencing curve behavior following bracing are incompletely understood and there is no agreement if scoliotic curves stop progressing with skeletal maturity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the loss of the scoliotic curve correction in patients treated with bracing during adolescence and to compare patient outcomes of under and over 30 Cobb degrees, 10 years after brace removal. Methods: We reviewed 93 (87 female) of 200 and nine patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) who were treated with the Lyon or PASB brace at a mean of 15 years (range 10-35)...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049269/long-term-surgical-outcomes-after-early-definitive-spinal-fusion-for-early-onset-scoliosis-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1-at-mean-follow-up-of-14-years
#14
Ryoji Tauchi, Noriaki Kawakami, Michael Anton Castro, Tetsuya Ohara, Toshiki Saito, Kazuaki Morishita, Ippei Yamauchi
BACKGROUND: Several authors mentioned surgical outcome for scoliosis associated with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1). However, no studies have summarized long-term surgical outcomes after surgical treatment of early-onset scoliosis (EOS) with NF-1. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the long-term surgical outcome after early definitive spinal fusion for EOS in NF-1 patients. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review on a cohort of 11 patients diagnosed with EOS associated with NF-1 between 1990 and 2009 in our hospital...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953709/differential-rod-contouring-is-essential-for-improving-vertebral-rotation-in-patients-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-thoracic-curves-assessed-with-intraoperative-ct
#15
Shoji Seki, Peter O Newton, Yasuhito Yahara, Hiroto Makino, Masato Nakano, Norikazu Hirano, Yoshiharu Kawaguchi, Tomoatsu Kimura
STUDY DESIGN: Case series. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the contributions of rod contouring and of differential rod contouring (DRC) to the reduction of apical axial vertebral body rotation in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: DRC is used for posterior spinal correction and fusion. The contribution of DRC to vertebral body derotation is unclear. METHODS: We analyzed the results of intraoperative computed tomography (CT) in 40 consecutive AIS patients with thoracic curves (Lenke type I or II, 35; type III or IV, 5)...
September 26, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943143/can-surgery-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-of-less-than-50-degrees-of-main-thoracic-curve-achieve-good-results
#16
Tetsuhiko Mimura, Jun Takahashi, Shota Ikegami, Shugo Kuraishi, Masayuki Shimizu, Toshimasa Futatsugi, Masashi Uehara, Hiroki Oba, Michihiko Koseki, Hiroyuki Kato
BACKGROUND: It is generally recognized that the main thoracic curve Cobb angle threshold for surgical correction is approximately 50 degrees in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Although AIS with a Cobb angle of <50 degrees is sometimes treated surgically to improve cosmesis, the precise outcomes are unclear. This study analyzed the postoperative results for AIS with a main thoracic curve of 50 degrees. METHODS: Thirty-nine consecutive patients with Lenke type 1-2 curves underwent posterior spinal fusion for AIS...
January 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932008/h-reflex-changes-in-adolescents-with-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Mohamed Salaheldien Mohamed Alayat, Ehab Mohamed Abdel-Kafy, Ashraf Mohamed Abdelaal
[Purpose] To detect H-reflex asymmetry and investigate the effect of direction sensitive exercise therapy protocol among patients with thoracolumbar and/or lumbar scoliosis. [Subjects and Methods] Fifty patients (10-17 years), Cobb's angle 10-20 degrees with thoracolumbar and lumbar scoliosis participated in the study. Soleus H-reflex was tested on both sides during prone lying position and standing position. Patients were randomly assigned into two groups. Group I received direction sensitive exercise therapy while the participants in group II received traditional exercise...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889983/analysing-the-change-of-sagittal-balance-in-patients-with-lenke-5-idiopathic-scoliosis
#18
Okan Ozkunt, Gökhan Karademir, Kerim Sariyilmaz, Halil Can Gemalmaz, Fatih Dikici, Unsal Domanic
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate preoperative and postoperative spinopelvic parameters and the influence of lowest instrumented vertebrae on sagittal parameters in Lenke 5 Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) patients. METHODS: A total of 42 patients (37 females, 5 males; mean age: 16.71 ± 3.46 years) were included in the study. Preoperative and postoperative last follow up lumbar lordosis (LL), thoracic kyphosis (TK), pelvic tilt (PT), pelvic incidence (PI) and sacral slope (SS) angles measured...
September 7, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885088/progression-of-trunk-imbalance-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-with-a-thoracolumbar-lumbar-curve-is-it-predictable-at-the-initial-visit
#19
Chang Ju Hwang, Choon Sung Lee, Dong-Ho Lee, Jae Hwan Cho
OBJECTIVE Progression of trunk imbalance is an important finding during follow-up of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Nevertheless, no factors that predict progression of trunk imbalance have been identified. The purpose of this study was to identify parameters that predict progression of trunk imbalance in cases of AIS with a structural thoracolumbar/lumbar (TL/L) curve. METHODS This study included 105 patients with AIS and a structural TL/L curve who were followed up at an outpatient clinic...
November 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872419/impact-of-scoliosis-severity-on-functional-capacity-in-patients-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#20
Bruna M A Saraiva, Geferson S Araujo, Evandro F Sperandio, Alberto O Gotfryd, Victor Z Dourado, Milena C Vidotto
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the walked distance and physiological responses during incremental shuttle walk test in patients with different degrees of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). METHODS: We evaluated 20 healthy teenagers and 46 patients with AIS; they were divided into 2 groups: AIS > 45° and AIS < 45°. The volunteers performed an incremental shuttle walk test, and the following physiological responses were quantified: oxygen consumption, tidal volume, ventilation, and the incremental shuttle walked distance...
November 28, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
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