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Child &adolescent psychiatry

F Carbonez, M Al Husni Al Keilani, C Kornreich, V Delvenne
Adolescents and young adults are at particularly at-risk population in mental health. For a large majority of patients suffering from chronic psychiatric condition, the age of onset of psychiatric symptoms is less than 24 years, while the coverage in psychiatric care is the lowest between 16 and 24. Presenting a psychiatric pathology during childhood and adolescence constitutes an independent risk factor for the occurrence of adverse life events in adulthood. Furthermore, that population is at the edge between child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) and adult mental health services (AMHS)...
2018: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
Vinod Sinha, Nishant Goyal, Joyita Sinha
Child and adolescent psychiatry has not been considered as an established field until the early 1900s till first such unit was started by Leo Kanner in 1930. In India, the first child guidance clinic was founded in 1938 in Mumbai by Dr. Clifford Manshardt. The child and adolescent Psychiatry unit at Central institute of Psychiatry has been into existence for the last 55 years and since then it has been an integral part of the institute in providing high-quality patient care, promoting substantial growth in research, and imparting education to the post graduate trainees and scholars in the field of child psychiatry...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
F Mathy, A Malchair
In line with Evidence-based medicine and more recently with the emergence of Evidence-based practice in psychology, what are the current trends in medical prescriptions in child psychiatry? The use of psychotropic drugs for children and adolescents is constantly increasing, although most pharmacological prescriptions in child psychiatry result in off-label drug use. This article aims at understanding the legal and scientific framework that regulates the prescription of psychopharmacological treatments for children and adolescents...
February 2018: Revue Médicale de Liège
McLeod Frampton Gwynette, Shawn S Sidhu, Tolga Atilla Ceranoglu
Electronic and social media play a prominent role in the lives of children and teenagers. Evidence suggests youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) use media differently than typically developing peers, and some of these differences place them at greater risk for negative health outcomes related to unhealthy and improper use of media. Such outcomes include physiologic, cognitive, social, emotional, and legal/safety problems. However, several technology-aided interventions have emerged to help youth with ASD across multiple domains...
April 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
So Hee Lee, Eun Ji Kim, Jin Won Noh, Jeong Ho Chae
BACKGROUND: The Sewol ferry disaster caused national shock and grief in Korea. The present study examined the prevalence and associated factors of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms among the surviving students 20 months after that disaster. METHODS: This study was conducted using a cross-sectional design and a sample of 57 students (29 boys and 28 girls) who survived the Sewol ferry disaster. Data were collected using a questionnaire, including instruments that assessed psychological status...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Guilherme V Polanczyk, Daniel Fatori, Alicia Matijasevich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Susanne Thümmler, Emmanuelle Dor, Renaud David, Graziella Leali, Michele Battista, Alexia David, Florence Askenazy, Céline Verstuyft
Background: Severe mental health disorders in children and adolescents represent a major public health problem. Despite adequate drug treatment, some patients develop pharmacoresistant disease. As a consequence, physicians are confronted with prescribing challenges, prolonged hospitalization and increased risk of adverse events, thus aggravating short-, medium-, and long-term prognosis. The majority of psychotropic treatments, particularly antipsychotics and antidepressants, are metabolized at hepatic level by cytochrome P450 (CYP), particularly by CYP3A4 and CYP2D6...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Anna T Maier, Rebecca C Brown, Joerg M Fegert
Background: Transfer of knowledge is an important issue throughout all scientific disciplines, especially in the medical and psycho-social field. The issue of worldwide knowledge transfer in child mental health is one of the aims and goals of the journal Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health (CAPMH). The demand for mental health training is high worldwide, and especially in low- to lower-middle income countries, where inadequate access to knowledge resources in the field of child and adolescent mental health (CAMH) is prevalent...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Afsaneh Karbasi, Azadeh Haratian
Background: The prevalence of anxiety disorders among children and adolescents are found to be approximately between 8-12 and 5-10, respectively, and the long-lasting effects of such disorders can expose the sufferers to impairment and dysfunction in several areas of life the examples of which are poor educational performance, low self-esteem, and depression. The present study aims to evaluate the efficacy of internet-based, cognitive-behavioral therapy (ICBT) in treating the anxiety disorders among adolescent females...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Cyril Boonmann, Jörg M Fegert, Klaus Schmeck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Anna M Wehry, Laura Ramsey, Shane E Dulemba, Sarah A Mossman, Jeffrey R Strawn
Significant advances have been made in the application of pharmacogenomic testing for the treatment of patients with psychiatric disorders. Over the past decade, a number of studies have evaluated the utility of pharmacogenomic testing in pediatric patients with psychiatric disorders. The evidence base for pharmacogenomic testing in youth with depressive and anxiety disorders as well as attention/deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is reviewed in this article. General pharmacogenomic principles are summarized and functional polymorphisms in P450 enzymes (and associated metabolizer phenotypes), the serotonin transporter promoter polymorphisms, serotonin 2 A receptor genes (e...
January 8, 2018: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
Şermin Yalin Sapmaz, Handan Özek Erkuran, Nefize Yalin, Özlem Önen, Siğnem Öztekin, Canem Kavurma, Ertuğrul Köroğlu, Ömer Aydemir
Introduction: This study aimed to assess the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) Level 2 Anger Scale. Methods: The scale was prepared by translation and back translation of DSM-5 Level 2 Anger Scale. Study groups consisted of a clinical sample of cases diagnosed with depressive disorder and treated in a child and adolescent psychiatry unit and a community sample. The study was continued with 218 children and 160 parents...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
Alexis Revet, Johannes Hebebrand, Sampada Bhide, João Caseiro, Eugenia Conti, Marike Deutz, Andra Isac, Athanasios Kanellopoulos, Tuğba Kalyoncu, Katri Maasalo, Silvana Markovska-Simoska, Marija Mitkovic-Voncina, Silvia Molteni, Mariela Mosheva, Susanne Mudra, Julia Philipp, Cecil Prins-Aardema, Marina Romero Gonzalez, Antonín Šebela, Jochen Seitz, Lise Eilin Stene, Nikolina Vrljičak Davidović, Ida Wessing, Paul Klauser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Çiğdem Yektaş, Ali Evren Tufan
OBJECTIVE: Use of antipsychotic agents in the management of various psychopathologies in Child and Adolescent Psychiatric practice is gradually increasing. This study aimed to evaluate the sociodemographic and clinical features of children and adolescents who applied to an outpatient clinic of child and adolescent psychiatry department in Turkey and were prescribed atypical antipsychotics. METHOD: Patients with prescription codes of ATC N05A (except N05AN lithium) were accepted to denote those with atypical antipsychotic treatment...
January 5, 2018: Clinical Neuropharmacology
Mostafa Najafi, Shahla Akouchekian, Alireza Ghaderi, Behzad Mahaki, Mariam Rezaei
Background: Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common psychological problem during childhood. This study aimed to evaluate multiple intelligences profiles of children with ADHD in comparison with non-ADHD. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive analytical study was done on 50 children of 6-13 years old in two groups of with and without ADHD. Children with ADHD were referred to Clinics of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, in 2014...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
Patricia Mendes, Maria Fonseca, Inês Aguiar, Nuno Pangaio, Luísa Confraria, Otília Queirós, Joana Saraiva, Pedro Monteiro, João Guerra
INTRODUCTION: Most mental disorders have a chronic evolution and therefore a certain amount of psychiatric readmissions are inevitable. Several studies indicate that over 25% of child and adolescent inpatients were readmitted within one year of discharge. Several risk factors for psychiatric readmissions have been reported in the literature, but the history of repeated readmissions is the most consistent risk factor. Our aim is to calculate the readmission rates at 30 days and 12 months after discharge and to identify associated risk factors...
November 29, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
Edmund J S Sonuga-Barke
As in life generally, so in scholarly publishing, the turn of the year inevitably encourages editors to reflect soberly and take honest stock of the progress their journals have made over the previous 12 months. In this frame of mind, my own thoughts turned to our beloved Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. Of course I say ours because we who currently work at the journal, know it actually belongs to you, the world-wide community of child and adolescent psychologists and psychiatrists: We are only its stewards...
January 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Jorge Escotto-Morett, Angélica Ángeles-Llerenas, Rosalinda Domínguez-Esponda, María Elena Márquez-Caraveo
Today, there is evidence that shows that children and adolescents can experience developmental problems and psychiatric disorders. This was possible because of two main reasons, the evolution of the concept of infancy and the progress made in medical and psychiatric diagnostic classification. This manuscript offers a glance to early psychiatric attention in Mexico, particularly the care processes provided to 36 children and adolescents under twenty, admitted in the mental asylum La Castañeda, during the first half of the XX century...
July 2017: Salud Pública de México
Julie M Sadhu, Paul C Lee, Colin Stewart, Nicholas J Carson, Craigan Usher, Eleni Maneta, Robert Kitts, Neha Sharma, Adrienne Adams, Eric P Hazen, Myo Thwin Myint, Esther S Lee, Roma A Vasa, Terri L Randall, Stephanie L Leong, Sansea L Jacobson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
Scott B Patten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
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