Read by QxMD icon Read

Bipolar depression II

Gordon Parker, Amelia Paterson, Mia Romano, Isabelle Granville Smith
OBJECTIVES: To increase awareness of the sensory changes experienced during hypo/manic and depressive states by those with a bipolar disorder and determine if the prevalence of such features is similar across differing bipolar sub-types. METHODS: We interviewed 66 patients who acknowledged sensory changes during hypo/manic states. They were allocated to bipolar I, bipolar II and soft bipolar diagnostic categories and the prevalence of 10 differing sensory changes was quantified during hypo/manic and depressive phases...
March 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Lakshmi N Yatham, Sidney H Kennedy, Sagar V Parikh, Ayal Schaffer, David J Bond, Benicio N Frey, Verinder Sharma, Benjamin I Goldstein, Soham Rej, Serge Beaulieu, Martin Alda, Glenda MacQueen, Roumen V Milev, Arun Ravindran, Claire O'Donovan, Diane McIntosh, Raymond W Lam, Gustavo Vazquez, Flavio Kapczinski, Roger S McIntyre, Jan Kozicky, Shigenobu Kanba, Beny Lafer, Trisha Suppes, Joseph R Calabrese, Eduard Vieta, Gin Malhi, Robert M Post, Michael Berk
The Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) previously published treatment guidelines for bipolar disorder in 2005, along with international commentaries and subsequent updates in 2007, 2009, and 2013. The last two updates were published in collaboration with the International Society for Bipolar Disorders (ISBD). These 2018 CANMAT and ISBD Bipolar Treatment Guidelines represent the significant advances in the field since the last full edition was published in 2005, including updates to diagnosis and management as well as new research into pharmacological and psychological treatments...
March 14, 2018: Bipolar Disorders
Nancy Byatt, Lucille Cox, Tiffany A Moore Simas, Nisha Kini, Kathleen Biebel, Padma Sankaran, Holly A Swartz, Linda Weinreb
To elucidate (1) the challenges associated with under-recognition of bipolar disorder in obstetric settings, (2) barriers pregnant and postpartum women with bipolar disorder face when trying to access psychiatric care, and (3) how obstetric settings can identify such women and connect them with mental health services. Structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with 25 pregnant and postpartum women recruited from obstetric practices who scored ≥ 10 on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and met DSM-IV criteria for bipolar disorder I, II, or not otherwise specified using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview...
March 13, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Michele Fornaro, Annalisa Anastasia, Francesco Monaco, Stefano Novello, Andrea Fusco, Felice Iasevoli, Domenico De Berardis, Nicola Veronese, Marco Solmi, Andrea de Bartolomeis
BACKGROUND: Treatment-emergent affective switch (TEAS), including treatment-emergent mania (TEM), carry significant burden in the clinical management of bipolar depression, whereas the use of antidepressants raises both efficacy, safety and tolerability concerns. The present study assesses the prevalence and clinical correlates of TEM in selected sample of Bipolar Disorder (BD) Type-II (BD-II) acute depression outpatients. METHODS: Post-hoc analysis of the clinical and psychopathological features associated with TEM among 91 BD-II depressed outpatients exposed to antidepressants...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Farnaz Hooshmand, Dennis Do, Saloni Shah, Anda Gershon, Dong Yeon Park, Hyun Kim, Laura D Yuen, Bernardo Dell'Osso, Po W Wang, Terence A Ketter, Shefali Miller
AIMS: Antidepressant use is controversial in bipolar disorder (BD) due to questionable efficacy/psychiatric tolerability. We assessed demographic/clinical characteristics of baseline antidepressant use in BD patients. METHODS: Prevalence and correlates of baseline antidepressant use in 503 BD I and BD II outpatients referred to the Stanford Bipolar Clinic during 2000-2011 were assessed with the Systematic Treatment Enhancement Program for BD (STEP-BD) Affective Disorders Evaluation...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Sergio Apfelbaum, Pilar Regalado, Laura Herman, Pablo Gagliesi
INTRODUCTION: Many patients with bipolar disorder (BD) spend around 10 years without a diagnosis and appropriate treatment. The difficulty in distinguishing bipolar from unipolar depression, the prevalence of depressive symptoms along the course of BD and patients' bias in recalling their hypomanic symptoms are some of the factors that contribute to this problem. OBJECTIVE: This study compares the efficiency of several screening instruments for BD detection in a group of patients (n=63) with mood disorders, or cluster B personality disorders...
May 2017: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
Elaine Setiawan, Sophia Attwells, Alan A Wilson, Romina Mizrahi, Pablo M Rusjan, Laura Miler, Cynthia Xu, Sarita Sharma, Stephen Kish, Sylvain Houle, Jeffrey H Meyer
BACKGROUND: People with major depressive disorder frequently exhibit increasing persistence of major depressive episodes. However, evidence for neuroprogression (ie, increasing brain pathology with longer duration of illness) is scarce. Microglial activation, which is an important component of neuroinflammation, is implicated in neuroprogression. We examined the relationship of translocator protein (TSPO) total distribution volume (VT ), a marker of microglial activation, with duration of untreated major depressive disorder, and with total illness duration and antidepressant exposure...
February 26, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
Réka Szakács
The link between creativity, as the highest expression form of human achievement, and bipolar disorder came into focus of scientific investigations and research. Accomplished writers, composers and visual artists show a substantially higher rate of affective disorders, prodominantly bipolar mood disorders, comparing to the general population. Then again, patients afflicted with bipolar II subtype (hypomania and depression), as well as persons presenting the mildest form of bipolar mood swings (cyclothymia) possess higher creative skills...
January 30, 2018: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
Vidyulata Kamath, Diana Paksarian, Lihong Cui, Paul J Moberg, Bruce I Turetsky, Kathleen R Merikangas
OBJECTIVES: Although olfactory abnormalities are well established in schizophrenia, considerably less work has examined olfactory performance in other neuropsychiatric conditions. In the current study, we examined odor identification, odor discrimination, detection threshold, and odor hedonic processing performance in individuals with bipolar I disorder (n = 43; n = 13 with psychotic features), bipolar II disorder (n = 48), major depressive disorder (MDD) (n = 134), anxiety (n = 48), and no mental disorder (n = 72) who participated in a community-based family study...
February 13, 2018: Bipolar Disorders
Kathryn Bennett, Stephanie Duda, Melissa Brouwers, Peter Szatmari, Amanda Newton, John McLennan, Purnima Sundar, Kristin Cleverley, Alice Charach, Joanna Henderson, Darren Courtney, Maureen Rice
INTRODUCTION: The quality of clinical practice guidelines (PGs) has not been evaluated in child and youth mental health (CYMH). To address this gap, we will: (1) conduct a systematic review (SR) to answer the question 'among eligible PGs relevant to the prevention or treatment of CYMH conditions, which PGs meet criteria for minimum and high quality?'; (2) apply nominal group methods to create recommendations for how CYMH PG quality, completeness and usefulness can be strengthened. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: SR: Potentially eligible PGs will be identified in 12 databases using a reproducible search strategy developed by a research librarian...
February 6, 2018: BMJ Open
Louise Michele Howard, Elizabeth G Ryan, Kylee Trevillion, Fraser Anderson, Debra Bick, Amanda Bye, Sarah Byford, Sheila O'Connor, Polly Sands, Jill Demilew, Jeannette Milgrom, Andrew Pickles
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence on the prevalence and identification of antenatal mental disorders. Aims To investigate the prevalence of mental disorders in early pregnancy and the diagnostic accuracy of depression-screening (Whooley) questions compared with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), against the Structured Clinical Interview DSM-IV-TR. METHOD: Cross-sectional survey of women responding to Whooley questions asked at their first antenatal appointment...
January 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Julia M Salinger, Mary P O'Brien, David J Miklowitz, Sarah E Marvin, Tyrone D Cannon
Previous research has found that family problem-solving interactions are more constructive and less contentious when there is a family member with bipolar disorder compared with schizophrenia. The present study extended this research by examining whether family problem-solving interactions differ between clinical high-risk (CHR) stages of each illness. Trained coders applied a behavioral coding system (O'Brien et al., 2014) to problem-solving interactions of parents and their adolescent child, conducted just prior to beginning a randomized trial of family-focused therapy...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Arthur D P Mak, Domily T Y Lau, Alicia K W Chan, Suzanne H W So, Owen Leung, Sheila L Y Wong, Linda Lam, C M Leung, Sing Lee
Cognition dysfunction may reflect trait characteristics of bipolarity but cognitive effects of medications have confounded previous comparisons of cognitive function between bipolar II and unipolar depression, which are distinct clinical disorders with some overlaps. Therefore, we examined the executive function (WCST), attention, cognitive speed (TMT-A) and memory (CAVLT, WMS-Visual reproduction) of 20 treatment-naïve bipolar II patients (BPII), 35 treatment-naïve unipolar depressed (UD) patients, and 35 age/sex/education matched healthy controls...
January 30, 2018: Scientific Reports
Bo H Jonsson
Nicotinic acid (NA), often called niacin, a form of vitamin B₃, is a water-soluble nutrient found in animal and vegetarian foods. Vitamin B₃ for healthy people is considered to be needed in doses of less than 20 mg daily. In higher doses, NA has been described to be beneficial in some patients with psychiatric disorders. This report describes a male patient with bipolar type II disorder who for many years had been treated with lithium and other medications applied in affective disorders. These pharmacological drugs had beneficial effects but were at times insufficient...
January 27, 2018: Nutrients
Robert M Post, Gabriele S Leverich, Susan McElroy, Ralph Kupka, Trisha Suppes, Lori Altshuler, Willem Nolen, Mark Frye, Paul Keck, Heinz Grunze, Gerhard Hellemann
OBJECTIVES: A high incidence of Axis II personality disorders is described in patients with bipolar disorder; however, their relationship to mood state remains uncertain. METHODS: A total of 966 outpatients with bipolar disorder gave informed consent and filled out the Personality Disorder Questionnaire, 4th edition (PDQ4) and a questionnaire on demographics and course of illness prior to Bipolar Treatment Outcome Network entry at average age 41 years. Patients were rated at each visit for depression on the Inventory of Depressive Symptoms-Clinician version (IDS-C) and for mania on the Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS)...
January 25, 2018: Bipolar Disorders
Ana Antunes, Diana Frasquilho, Sofia Azeredo-Lopes, Daniel Neto, Manuela Silva, Graça Cardoso, José Miguel Caldas-de-Almeida
BACKGROUND: Common mental disorders are highly prevalent and disabling, leading to substantial individual and societal costs. This study aims to characterize the association between disability and common mental disorders in Portugal, using epidemiological data from the World Mental Health Survey Initiative. METHODS: Twelve-month common mental disorders were assessed with the CIDI 3.0. Disability was evaluated with the modified WMHS WHODAS-II. Logistic regression models were used to assess the association between disability and each disorder or diagnostic category (mood or anxiety disorders)...
January 20, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
Lorena Lorefice, Giuseppe Fenu, Michela Fois, Jessica Frau, Giancarlo Coghe, Maria Giovanna Marrosu, Eleonora Cocco
BACKGROUND: Several reports suggest a higher risk of psychiatric disorders after high-dose corticosteroids (HDC), routinely used to treat clinical relapses in multiple sclerosis (MS). The present study aimed to examine the possible effect of HDC on mood in patients with MS and to determine the specific factors that influence mood changes. METHODS: The study included MS patients prior to receive HDC. The presence of depressive and bipolar symptoms was determined with the Beck Depression Inventory-Second Edition (BDI-II) and the Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ)...
January 18, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
Katie M Douglas, Peter Gallagher, Lucy J Robinson, Janet D Carter, Virginia Vw McIntosh, Christopher Ma Frampton, Stuart Watson, Allan H Young, I Nicol Ferrier, Richard J Porter
OBJECTIVES: The current study examines prevalence of cognitive impairment in four mood disorder samples, using four definitions of impairment. The impact of premorbid IQ on prevalence was examined, and the influence of treatment response. METHODS: Samples were: (i) 58 inpatients in a current severe depressive episode (unipolar or bipolar), (ii) 69 unmedicated outpatients in a mild to moderate depressive episode (unipolar or bipolar), (iii) 56 outpatients with bipolar disorder, in a depressive episode, and (iv) 63 outpatients with bipolar disorder, currently euthymic...
January 18, 2018: Bipolar Disorders
Suvarna Shirish Joshi, Mahendra Prakash Sharma, Shivarama Varambally
The present investigation was undertaken to examine the effects of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) on interepisodic symptoms, emotional regulation, and quality of life in patients with bipolar affective disorder (BPAD) in remission. The sample for the study comprised a total of five patients with the diagnosis of BPAD in partial or complete remission. Each patient was screened to fit the inclusion and exclusion criteria and later assessed on the Beck Depressive Inventory I, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale, Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II, and The World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment-BREF...
January 2018: International Journal of Yoga
Liliana Lorettu, Giampiero Meli, Elena Antonioli, Antonio Zeppa, Paolo Milia, Alessandra Nivoli
Approximately 21% of patients with bipolar disorder (BD) also have an additional diagnosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). This condition is associated with a more severe prognosis and complicates the treatment of BD. In our case report we provide documentary evidence of our experience with trazodone prolonged release in the treatment of depressive phase in a patient with BD II-OCD comorbidity. Rationality in the choise of treatment was based on the need to manage depressive and obsessive symptoms without facilitating hypomania switches...
November 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"