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Acute pancreatitis severity scores

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929426/serum-soluble-fms-like-tyrosine-kinase-1-sflt-1-predicts-the-severity-of-acute-pancreatitis
#1
Paulina Dumnicka, Mateusz Sporek, Małgorzata Mazur-Laskowska, Piotr Ceranowicz, Marek Kuźniewski, Ryszard Drożdż, Tadeusz Ambroży, Rafał Olszanecki, Beata Kuśnierz-Cabala
Organ failure is the most important determinant of the severity of acute pancreatitis (AP). Soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt-1) is positively associated with organ failure in sepsis. Our aim was to evaluate the diagnostic utility of automated sFlt-1 measurements for early prediction of AP severity. Adult patients (66) with AP were recruited, including 46 with mild (MAP), 15 with moderately-severe (MSAP) and 5 with severe AP (SAP). Serum and urine samples were collected twice. Serum sFlt-1 was measured with automated electrochemiluminescence immunoassay...
December 6, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920277/the%C3%A2-diffuse%C3%A2-reduction%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-spleen%C3%A2-density-%C3%A2-an%C3%A2-indicator%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-severe%C3%A2-acute%C3%A2-pancreatitis
#2
Guangdong Shao, Yanmei Zhou, Zengfu Song, Maitao Jiang, Xiaoqian Wang, Xiangren Jin, Bei Sun, Xuewei Bai
BACKGROUND: We observed that acute pancreatitis (AP) was associated with diffuse reduction of spleen density (DROSD) in some patients. Furthermore, the condition of these patients was more serious, and the potential relationship between DROSD and structural and functional injury of the spleen remained unclear. Therefore, we performed a preliminary exploration of these factors. METHODS: We analysed pertinent clinical data for AP patients with normal spleen density (control group) and for those with DROSD (reduction group) at the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University (2013...
December 5, 2016: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914940/soluble-urokinase-type-plasminogen-activator-receptor-supar-in-patients-with-acute-pancreatitis-ap-progress-in-prediction-of-ap-severity
#3
Michal Lipinski, Alicja Rydzewska-Rosolowska, Andrzej Rydzewski, Malgorzata Cicha, Grazyna Rydzewska
BACKGROUND: Soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is a glycoprotein secreted during inflammation and infections. Moreover, increased levels of suPAR are observed after hypoxia and ischaemia. The aim of the study was to assess whether suPAR could represent a useful marker of acute pancreatitis (AP) severity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We have observed a cohort of 126 prospectively enrolled patients. Based on the presence of persistent organ failure (more than 48 h) and local complications (diagnosis of moderate AP [MSAP]), patients were classified into three groups: mild AP (MAP), moderate and severe AP (SAP)...
November 25, 2016: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913839/the-ability-of-emergency-physicians-to-diagnose-and-score-acute-pancreatitis-on-computed-tomography
#4
A Karagöz, E E Ünlüer, O Oyar, F E Topal, F Topal
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to determine the ability of emergency physicians' (EP) interpreting contrast-enhanced computed tomographies (CECTs) performed in patients diagnosed or suspected acute pancreatitis (AP), using the modified computed tomography severity index (MCTSI) scoring system. METHODS: This study was conducted in Training and Research Hospital's Emergency Department. From January 1, 2013 to April 30, 2016, patients whom performed CECT within 24 h of admission with diagnosis or suspicion of AP were reviewed retrospectively...
December 2, 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905369/-systemic-disorders-management-in-patients-with-acute-pancreatic-necrosis
#5
G V Rodoman, T I Shalaeva, A B Bargandzhiya
AIM: To study the effectiveness of sulodexide for systemic disorders correction in patients with acute pancreatic necrosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 60 patients with acute pancreatic necrosis who were divided into main and control groups by 30  patients. Their age varied from 27 to 79. Standard combined therapy with prevention of disseminated intravascular coagulation and thrombotic complications was recommended in all patients. In the control group enoxaparin therapy in prophylactic doses (4,000 IU (40 mg) per day) was used...
2016: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882045/comparison-of-bisap-ranson-mctsi-and-apache-ii-in-predicting-severity-and-prognoses-of-hyperlipidemic-acute-pancreatitis-in-chinese-patients
#6
Lixin Yang, Jing Liu, Yun Xing, Lichuan Du, Jing Chen, Xin Liu, Jianyu Hao
In recent years, with the developing of living standard, hyperlipidemia becomes the second major reason of acute pancreatitis. It is important to predict the severity and prognosis at early stage of hyperlipidemic acute pancreatitis (HLAP). We compared the BISAP, Ranson, MCTSI, and APACHE II scoring system in predicting MSAP and SAP, local complications, and mortality of HLAP. A total of 326 diagnosed hyperlipidemic acute pancreatitis patients from August 2006 to July 2015 were studied retrospectively. Our result showed that all four scoring systems can be used to predict the severity, local complications, and mortality of HLAP...
2016: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878246/luteolin-protects-mice-from-severe-acute-pancreatitis-by-exerting-ho-1-mediated-anti-inflammatory-and-antioxidant-effects
#7
Jie Xiong, Kezhou Wang, Chunxiao Yuan, Rong Xing, Jianbo Ni, Guoyong Hu, Fengling Chen, Xingpeng Wang
Reseda odorata L. has long been used in traditional Asian medicine for the treatment of diseases associated with oxidative injury and acute inflammation, such as endotoxemia, acute lung injury, acute myocardial infarction and hepatitis. Luteolin, the main component of Reseda odorata L., which is also widely found in many natural herbs and vege-tables, has been shown to induce heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression to exert anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. In this study, we aimed to examine the effects of luteolin on mice with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP), and to explore the underlying mechanisms...
November 22, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828598/lipoprotein-lipase-gene-deficient-mice-with-hypertriglyceridaemia-associated-with-acute-pancreatitis
#8
Maochun Tang, Pengfei Zong, Ting Zhang, Dongyan Wang, Yuhui Wang, Yan Zhao
PURPOSE: To investigate the severity of pancreatitis in lipoprotein lipase (LPL)-deficient hypertriglyceridaemic (HTG) heterozygous mice and to establish an experimental animal model for HTG pancreatitis study. METHODS: LPL-deficient HTG heterozygous mice were rescued by somatic gene transfer and mated with wild-type mice. The plasma amylase, triglyceride, and pathologic changes in the pancreas of the LPL-deficient HTG heterozygous mice were compared with those of wild-type mice to assess the severity of pancreatitis...
October 2016: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825671/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-and-the-severity-of-acute-pancreatitis
#9
I Mikolasevic, L Orlic, G Poropat, I Jakopcic, D Stimac, A Klanac, F Carovic, S Milic
AIM: To explore the effect of nonalcoholic fatty liver as a hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome on the severity of acute pancreatitis. We hypothesized that patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver would have a more severe form of acute pancreatitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 822 patients hospitalized with acute pancreatitis. We diagnosed acute pancreatitis and determined its severity according the revised Atlanta classification criteria from 2012...
November 5, 2016: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821030/prognostic-scores-in-acute-pancreatitis-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Z Balcı, M Ö Kılıç, K Şenol, A Erdoğan, M Tez
Predicting the course of an attack of acute pancreatitis still represents a challenge for the physicians.Some early interventions such as endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and sphincterotomy, admission to the intensive care unit, enteral feeding, and prophylactic antibiotics have been proven to decrease morbidity and mortality in patients of high-risk groups. However, acute pancreatitis has a potential of morbidity and mortality, and therefore early diagnosis and objective assessment of severity of the disease is fundamental...
July 2016: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805963/outcome-of-acute-pancreatic-and-peripancreatic-collections-occurring-in-patients-with-acute-pancreatitis
#11
Manish Manrai, Rakesh Kochhar, Vikas Gupta, Thakur Deen Yadav, Narendra Dhaka, Naveen Kalra, Saroj K Sinha, Niranjan Khandelwal
OBJECTIVE: To study the outcome of acute collections occurring in patients with acute pancreatitis BACKGROUND:: There are limited data on natural history of acute collections arising after acute pancreatitis (AP). METHODS: Consecutive patients of AP admitted between July 2011 and December 2012 were evaluated by imaging for development of acute collections as defined by revised Atlanta classification. Imaging was repeated at 1 and 3 months. Spontaneous resolution, evolution, and need for intervention were assessed...
November 1, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776654/mdct-of-acute-pancreatitis-intraindividual-comparison-of-single-phase-versus-dual-phase-mdct-for-initial-assessment-of-acute-pancreatitis-using-different-ct-scoring-systems
#12
Maxim Avanesov, Julius M Weinrich, Thomas Kraus, Thorsten Derlin, Gerhard Adam, Jin Yamamura, Murat Karul
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the retrospective study was to evaluate the additional value of dual-phase multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) protocols over a single-phase protocol on initial MDCT in patients with acute pancreatitis using three CT-based pancreatitis severity scores with regard to radiation dose. METHODS: In this retrospective, IRB approved study MDCT was performed in 102 consecutive patients (73 males; 55years, IQR48-64) with acute pancreatitis...
November 2016: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734249/microproteinuria-predicts-organ-failure-in-patients-presenting-with-acute-pancreatitis
#13
Sara Bertilsson, Per Swärd, Anders Håkansson, Rafid Tofik, Bengt Rippe, Evangelos Kalaitzakis
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The disease course of acute pancreatitis (AP) ranges from mild and self-limiting to severe inflammation, associated with significant morbidity and mortality. At present, there are no universally accepted and reliable predictors for severity. Microproteinuria has been associated with the presence of systemic inflammatory response syndrome as well as trauma, although its association with AP is not well understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the value of microproteinuria to predict development of organ failure in AP...
December 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727096/predicting-the-clinical-manifestations-in-necrotizing-acute-pancreatitis-patients-with-splanchnic-vein-thrombosis
#14
Jing Zhou, Lu Ke, Dongliang Yang, Yizhe Chen, Gang Li, Zhihui Tong, Weiqin Li, Jieshou Li
BACKGROUND: Splanchnic venous thrombosis (SVT) is a relatively rare but important complication of necrotizing acute pancreatitis (NAP). Clinical manifestations and severity of this complication in different patients vary greatly, ranging from mild abdominal discomfort even asymptomatic to lethal gastrorrhagia or hepatic failure. The aim of the present study was to develop a model to predict the clinical manifestations of SVT in NAP patients. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted in the surgical intensive care unit (SICU) of Jinling Hospital...
November 2016: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722119/severe-acute-biliary-pancreatitis-requiring-intensive-care-unit-admission-evaluation-of-severity-score-for-the-prediction-of-morbidity-and-mortality
#15
Ali Majdoub, Mabrouk Bahloul, Mounaa Ouaz, Kamilia Chtara, Yassine Msakni, Kais Regaieg, Mounir Bouaziz, Bechir Haddad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669975/increased-levels-of-3-hydroxykynurenine-parallel-disease-severity-in-human-acute-pancreatitis
#16
Christos Skouras, Xiaozhong Zheng, Margaret Binnie, Natalie Z M Homer, Toby B J Murray, Darren Robertson, Lesley Briody, Finny Paterson, Heather Spence, Lisa Derr, Alastair J Hayes, Andreas Tsoumanis, Dawn Lyster, Rowan W Parks, O James Garden, John P Iredale, Iain J Uings, John Liddle, Wayne L Wright, George Dukes, Scott P Webster, Damian J Mole
Inhibition of kynurenine 3-monooxygenase (KMO) protects against multiple organ dysfunction (MODS) in experimental acute pancreatitis (AP). We aimed to precisely define the kynurenine pathway activation in relation to AP and AP-MODS in humans, by carrying out a prospective observational study of all persons presenting with a potential diagnosis of AP for 90 days. We sampled peripheral venous blood at 0, 3, 6, 12, 24, 48, 72 and 168 hours post-recruitment. We measured tryptophan metabolite concentrations and analysed these in the context of clinical data and disease severity indices, cytokine profiles and C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations...
September 27, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663180/clinical-predictors-of-hospital-mortality-differ-between-direct-and-indirect-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#17
Liang Luo, Ciara M Shaver, Zhiguo Zhao, Tatsuki Koyama, Carolyn S Calfee, Julie A Bastarache, Lorraine B Ware
BACKGROUND: Direct (pulmonary) and indirect (extrapulmonary) ARDS are distinct syndromes with important pathophysiologic differences. The goal of this study was to determine whether clinical characteristics and predictors of mortality differ between direct or indirect ARDS. METHODS: A retrospective observational cohort study of 417 ARDS patients. Each patient was classified as having direct (pneumonia or aspiration, n=250) or indirect ARDS (non-pulmonary sepsis or pancreatitis, n=167)...
September 20, 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638402/captopril-pretreatment-protects-the-lung-against-severe-acute-pancreatitis-induced-injury-via-inhibiting-angiotensin-ii-production-and-suppressing-rho-rock-pathway
#18
Qi-Hong Yu, Jie-Fang Guo, Yan Chen, Xiao-Rong Guo, Yi-Qi Du, Zhao-Shen Li
Acute pancreatitis (AP) usually causes acute lung injury, which is also known as acute pancreatitis associated lung injury (APALI). This study aimed to investigate whether captopril pretreatment was able to protect lung against APALI via inhibiting angiotensin II (Ang II) production and suppressing Rho/ROCK (Rho kinase) pathway in rats. Severe AP (SAP) was introduced to rats by bile-pancreatic duct retrograde injection of 5% sodium taurocholate. Rats were randomly divided into three groups. In the sham group, sham operation was performed; in the SAP group, SAP was introduced; in the pre-cpl + SAP group, rats were intragastrically injected with 5 mg/kg captopril 1 hour prior to SAP induction...
September 2016: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619808/natural-history-after-acute-necrotizing-pancreatitis-a-large-us-tertiary-care-experience
#19
Chandraprakash Umapathy, Amit Raina, Shreyas Saligram, Gong Tang, Georgios I Papachristou, Mordechai Rabinovitz, Jennifer Chennat, Herbert Zeh, Amer H Zureikat, Melissa E Hogg, Kenneth K Lee, Melissa I Saul, David C Whitcomb, Adam Slivka, Dhiraj Yadav
BACKGROUND: Most studies of acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) focus on short-term outcomes. We evaluated long-term survival and outcomes following ANP. METHODS: Patients treated for ANP at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center from 2001 to 2008 were studied. Data on presentation and course during initial hospitalization and follow-up (median 34 months) was extracted. RESULTS: Mean age of patients (n = 167) was 53 ± 16 years; 70 % were male, 94 % white, 71 % transfers, 52 % biliary etiology, and 78 % had first-attack of acute pancreatitis...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608777/predicting-survival-in-ards
#20
EDITORIAL
Niteen D Karnik, Anish V Gupta
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a fulminant clinical disorder of varied etiology, characterized by diffuse lung injury and severe hypoxemia. It is a leading cause of ICU admission and the associated high mortality has sparked a lot of research on etiology, outcome, scoring systems, mortality predictors, biomarkers including inflammatory cytokines and even genomics in ARDS. The previously used AECC (American European Consensus Conference) definition (1994) of ARDS was replaced by the recent Berlin definition (2012) so as to improve its validity and reliability...
November 2015: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
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