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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095411/optimal-management-strategies-for-primary-hpv-testing-for-cervical-screening-cost-effectiveness-evaluation-for-the-national-cervical-screening-program-in-australia
#1
Kate T Simms, Michaela Hall, Megan A Smith, Jie-Bin Lew, Suzanne Hughes, Susan Yuill, Ian Hammond, Marion Saville, Karen Canfell
BACKGROUND: Several countries are implementing a transition to HPV testing for cervical screening in response to the introduction of HPV vaccination and evidence indicating that HPV screening is more effective than cytology. In Australia, a 2017 transition from 2-yearly conventional cytology in 18-20 to 69 years to 5-yearly primary HPV screening in 25 to 74 years will involve partial genotyping for HPV 16/18 with direct referral to colposcopy for this higher risk group. The objective of this study was to determine the optimal management of women positive for other high-risk HPV types (not 16/18) ('OHR HPV')...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092419/improving-access-to-health-care-for-chronic-hepatitis-b-among-migrant-chinese-populations-a-systematic-mixed-methods-review-of-barriers-and-enablers
#2
Alicia Vedio, Eva Zhi Hong Liu, Andrew Ck Lee, Sarah Salway
Migrant Chinese populations in Western countries have a high prevalence of chronic hepatitis B but often experience poor access to healthcare and late diagnosis. This systematic review aimed to identify obstacles and supports to timely and appropriate health service use among these populations. Systematic searches resulted in 48 relevant studies published between 1996 and 2015. Data extraction and synthesis were informed by models of healthcare access that highlight the interplay of patient, provider and health system factors...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078082/core-components-for-effective-infection-prevention-and-control-programmes-new-who-evidence-based-recommendations
#3
Julie Storr, Anthony Twyman, Walter Zingg, Nizam Damani, Claire Kilpatrick, Jacqui Reilly, Lesley Price, Matthias Egger, M Lindsay Grayson, Edward Kelley, Benedetta Allegranzi
Health care-associated infections (HAI) are a major public health problem with a significant impact on morbidity, mortality and quality of life. They represent also an important economic burden to health systems worldwide. However, a large proportion of HAI are preventable through effective infection prevention and control (IPC) measures. Improvements in IPC at the national and facility level are critical for the successful containment of antimicrobial resistance and the prevention of HAI, including outbreaks of highly transmissible diseases through high quality care within the context of universal health coverage...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075354/the-state-of-the-art-of-lethal-oviposition-trap-based-mass-interventions-for-arboviral-control
#4
Brian J Johnson, Scott A Ritchie, Dina M Fonseca
The intensifying expansion of arboviruses highlights the need for effective invasive Aedes control. While mass-trapping interventions have long been discredited as inefficient compared to insecticide applications, increasing levels of insecticide resistance, and the development of simple affordable traps that target and kill gravid female mosquitoes, show great promise. We summarize the methodologies and outcomes of recent lethal oviposition trap-based mass interventions for suppression of urban Aedes and their associated diseases...
January 8, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059668/vaccinating-healthcare-workers-level-of-implementation-barriers-and-proposal-for-evidence-based-policies-in-turkey
#5
Lale Ozisik, Mine Durusu Tanriover, Serdar Altınel, Serhat Unal
The role of healthcare workers in life-long vaccination is very important in the means of two sided infection, rising patient awareness and being a role model for the patients. Numerous organizations publish guidelines for vaccination of HCWs, while healthcare facilities develop vaccination policies according to the accreditation standards. Nevertheless, vaccination rates among HCWs are far below targets. The obstacles to getting vaccinated or recommending vaccination may include rather universal factors such as the vaccine paradox, however in the case of HCWs, probably a different set of factors are included...
January 6, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048410/su-f-t-682-in-vivo-simulation-of-the-relative-biological-effectiveness-in-proton-therapy-using-a-monte-carlo-method
#6
H Oesten, S Loeck, S Helmbrecht, F Tillner, P Wohlfahrt, J Schuemann, A Luehr
PURPOSE: In proton therapy, the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) - compared with conventional photon therapy - is routinely set to 1.1. However, experimental in vitro studies indicate evidence for the variability of the RBE. To clarify the impact on patient treatment, investigation of the RBE in a preclinical case study should be performed. METHODS: The Monte Carlo software TOPAS was used to simulate the radiation field of an irradiation setup at the experimental beamline of the proton therapy facility (OncoRay) in Dresden, Germany...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047239/su-f-t-380-comparing-the-effect-of-respiration-on-dose-distribution-between-conventional-tangent-pair-and-imrt-techniques-for-adjuvant-radiotherapy-in-early-stage-breast-cancer
#7
M Wu, R Ramaseshan
PURPOSE: In this project, we compared the conventional tangent pair technique to IMRT technique by analyzing the dose distribution. We also investigated the effect of respiration on planning target volume (PTV) dose coverage in both techniques. METHODS: In order to implement IMRT technique a template based planning protocol, dose constrains and treatment process was developed. Two open fields with optimized field weights were combined with two beamlet optimization fields in IMRT plans...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039622/airing-clean-air-in-clean-india-mission
#8
EDITORIAL
T Banerjee, M Kumar, R K Mall, R S Singh
The submission explores the possibility of a policy revision for considering clean air quality in recently launched nationwide campaign, Clean India Mission (CIM). Despite of several efforts for improving availability of clean household energy and sanitation facilities, situation remain still depressing as almost half of global population lacks access to clean energy and proper sanitation. Globally, at least 2.5 billion people do not have access to basic sanitation facilities. There are also evidences of 7 million premature deaths by air pollution in year 2012...
December 30, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028502/sustainable-health-development-becoming-agenda-for-public-health-academia
#9
Amirhossein Takian, Ali Akbari-Sari
BACKGROUND: Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) aim to transform our world, and each goal has specific targets to be achieved by 2030. For the goals to be achieved, everyone needs to do their part: governments, academia, the private sector and all people. This paper summarizes the main evidence-based recommendations made by excellent academics and scholars who discussed their experiences and views during the conference to respond to the challenges of sustainable health development. METHODS: To contribute to exploring to the academia's role in reaching SDGs, the 1(st) International Conference on Sustainable Health Development was held at Tehran University of Medical Sciences, on 24-25 April 2016, in Tehran, Iran...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027164/meeting-the-needs-for-radiation-protection-diagnostic-imaging
#10
Donald P Frush
Radiation and potential risk during medical imaging is one of the foremost issues for the imaging community. Because of this, there are growing demands for accountability, including appropriate use of ionizing radiation in diagnostic and image-guided procedures. Factors contributing to this include increasing use of medical imaging; increased scrutiny (from awareness to alarm) by patients/caregivers and the public over radiation risk; and mounting calls for accountability from regulatory, accrediting, healthcare coverage (e...
February 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025323/role-of-emerging-private-hospitals-in-a-post-soviet-mixed-health-system-a-mixed-methods-comparative-study-of-private-and-public-hospital-inpatient-care-in-mongolia
#11
Uranchimeg Tsevelvaanchig, Hebe Gouda, Peter Baker, Peter S Hill
BACKGROUND: The collapse of the Soviet Union in 1990 severely impacted the health sector in Mongolia. Limited public funding for the post-Soviet model public system and a rapid growth of poorly regulated private providers have been pressing issues for a government seeking to re-establish universal health coverage. However, the evidence available on the role of private providers that would inform sector management is very limited. This study analyses the current contribution of private hospitals in Mongolia for the improvement of accessibility of health care and efficiency...
December 26, 2016: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018846/developing-integrated-crop-knowledge-networks-to-advance-candidate-gene-discovery
#12
Keywan Hassani-Pak, Martin Castellote, Maria Esch, Matthew Hindle, Artem Lysenko, Jan Taubert, Christopher Rawlings
The chances of raising crop productivity to enhance global food security would be greatly improved if we had a complete understanding of all the biological mechanisms that underpinned traits such as crop yield, disease resistance or nutrient and water use efficiency. With more crop genomes emerging all the time, we are nearer having the basic information, at the gene-level, to begin assembling crop gene catalogues and using data from other plant species to understand how the genes function and how their interactions govern crop development and physiology...
December 2016: Applied & Translational Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011046/promoting-the-appropriate-use-of-advanced-radiation-technologies-in-oncology-summary-of-a-national-cancer-policy-forum-workshop
#13
Grace L Smith, Patricia A Ganz, Justin E Bekelman, Steven J Chmura, James J Dignam, Jason A Efstathiou, Reshma Jagsi, Peter A Johnstone, Michael L Steinberg, Stephen B Williams, James B Yu, Anthony L Zietman, Ralph R Weichselbaum, Ya-Chen Tina Shih
PURPOSE: Leaders in the oncology community are sounding a clarion call to promote "value" in cancer care decisions. Value in cancer care considers the clinical effectiveness, along with the costs, when selecting a treatment. To discuss possible solutions to the current obstacles to achieving value in the use of advanced technologies in oncology, the National Cancer Policy Forum of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a workshop, "Appropriate Use of Advanced Technologies for Radiation Therapy and Surgery in Oncology" in July 2015...
November 8, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006858/eurogin-2016-roadmap-how-hpv-knowledge-is-changing-screening-practice
#14
REVIEW
Nicolas Wentzensen, Marc Arbyn, Johannes Berkhof, Mark Bower, Karen Canfell, Mark Einstein, Christopher Farley, Joseph Monsonego, Silvia Franceschi
Human papillomaviruses (HPV) are the necessary cause of most cervical cancers, a large proportion of other anogenital cancers, and a subset of oropharyngeal cancers. The knowledge about HPV has led to development of novel HPV-based prevention strategies with important impact on clinical and public health practice. Two complementary reviews have been prepared following the 2015 Eurogin Conference to evaluate how knowledge about HPV is changing practice in HPV infection and disease control through vaccination and screening...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982370/conditional-cash-transfer-programs-and-the-health-and-nutrition-of-latin-american-children
#15
Sofia Segura-Pérez, Rubén Grajeda, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
Objective: To 1) describe the benefits, conditions, coverage, funding, goals, governance, and structure of well-established conditional cash transfer programs (CCTs) in Latin America and 2) identify their health and nutritional impacts among children under 5 years old. Methods: A realist review was conducted. CCTs were included if they met the following inclusion criteria: 1) current national-level program; 2) coverage of at least 50% of the target population; 3) continuous operation at scale for 10+ years; 4) clear description of structure, funding sources, and governance; 5) both health/nutrition- and education-related conditions for participation; and 6) available impact evaluation studies with health, development, and/or nutrition indicators among children under 5 years old...
August 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980095/metabolomics-in-nutrition-research-a-powerful-window-into-nutritional-metabolism
#16
REVIEW
Lorraine Brennan
Metabolomics is the study of small molecules present in biological samples. In recent years it has become evident that such small molecules, called metabolites, play a key role in the development of disease states. Furthermore, metabolomic applications can reveal information about alterations in certain metabolic pathways under different conditions. Data acquisition in metabolomics is usually performed using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based approaches or mass spectrometry (MS)-based approaches with a more recent trend including the application of multiple platforms in order to maximise the coverage in terms of metabolites measured...
December 15, 2016: Essays in Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27971266/a-new-coverage-with-evidence-development-dedicated-to-innovative-medical-biology-and-pathological-anatomy-and-cytology-procedures-in-france-overview-of-the-situation-after-one-year-of-implementation-and-focus-on-innovative-genetics-procedures
#17
E Sam, C Carbonneil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27971160/follow-up-analysis-of-validity-of-bia-for-drugs-temporarily-reimbursed-in-mode-of-coverage-with-evidence-development
#18
J Zizalova, D Rrahmaniova, J Svorcikova, F Vrubel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956404/percutaneous-therapies-for-peripheral-artery-disease
#19
Mehdi H Shishehbor, Michael R Jaff
Percutaneous therapies for peripheral artery disease continue to evolve with new techniques and devices. Although guidelines-recommended therapies have impacted cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, endovascular interventions have been shown to reduce limb pain, improve quality of life, and prolong walking distance for those with claudication and to reduce amputation rates among those with critical limb ischemia. Novel devices such as drug-eluting stents and drug-coated balloons have improved patency for moderate-length lesions, whereas others allow treatment of heavily calcified and tortuous segments...
December 13, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942986/determinants-of-utilisation-differences-for-cancer-medicines-in-belgium-scotland-and-sweden
#20
Alessandra Ferrario
BACKGROUND: Little comparative evidence is available on utilisation of cancer medicines in different countries and its determinants. The aim of this study was to develop a statistical model to test the correlation between utilisation and possible determinants in selected European countries. METHODS: A sample of 31 medicines for cancer treatment that obtained EU-wide marketing authorisation between 2000 and 2012 was selected. Annual data on medicines' utilisation covering the in- and out-patient public sectors were obtained from national authorities between 2008 and 2013...
December 9, 2016: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
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