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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777956/how-do-gender-relations-affect-the-working-lives-of-close-to-community-health-service-providers-empirical-research-a-review-and-conceptual-framework
#1
Rosalind Steege, Miriam Taegtmeyer, Rosalind McCollum, Kate Hawkins, Hermen Ormel, Maryse Kok, Sabina Rashid, Lilian Otiso, Mohsin Sidat, Kingsley Chikaphupha, Daniel Gemechu Datiko, Rukhsana Ahmed, Rachel Tolhurst, Woedem Gomez, Sally Theobald
Close-to-community (CTC) providers have been identified as a key cadre to progress universal health coverage and address inequities in health service provision due to their embedded position within communities. CTC providers both work within, and are subject to, the gender norms at community level but may also have the potential to alter them. This paper synthesises current evidence on gender and CTC providers and the services they deliver. This study uses a two-stage exploratory approach drawing upon qualitative research from the six countries (Bangladesh, Indonesia, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique) that were part of the REACHOUT consortium...
May 5, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774264/development-of-a-health-promotion-programme-to-improve-awareness-of-factors-that-affect-fertility-and-evaluation-of-its-reach-in-the-first-5-years
#2
Karin Hammarberg, Robert J Norman, Sarah Robertson, Robert McLachlan, Janet Michelmore, Louise Johnson
Awareness among people of reproductive age about the factors that influence fertility and reproductive outcomes, including medically assisted reproduction outcomes, is generally low. To improve awareness about the potentially modifiable factors that affect fertility and reproductive outcomes, 'Your Fertility', a fertility health promotion programme funded by the Australian Government, was established in 2011. This paper describes the development and evaluation of the reach of the Your Fertility programme from its inception in 2011 to June 2016...
June 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771871/trends-in-antiretroviral-therapy-eligibility-and-coverage-among-children-aged-15-years-with-hiv-infection-20-pepfar-supported-sub-saharan-african-countries-2012-2016
#3
Amanda Burrage, Monita Patel, Kelsey Mirkovic, Eric Dziuban, Wondimu Teferi, Laura Broyles, Emilia Rivadeneira
Rapid disease progression and associated opportunistic infections contribute to high mortality rates among children aged <15 years with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (1). Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has decreased childhood HIV-associated morbidity and mortality rates over the past decade (2). As accumulating evidence revealed lower HIV-associated mortality with early ART initiation, the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines broadened ART eligibility for children with HIV infection (2)...
May 18, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770626/practice-guidelines-for-management-of-ovarian-cancer-in-korea-a-korean-society-of-gynecologic-oncology-consensus-statement
#4
REVIEW
Dong Hoon Suh, Suk Joon Chang, Taejong Song, Sanghoon Lee, Woo Dae Kang, Sun Joo Lee, Ju Won Roh, Won Duk Joo, Joo Hee Yoon, Dae Hoon Jeong, Hee Seung Kim, Sung Jong Lee, Yong Il Ji, Hyun Jung Kim, Jeong Won Lee, Jae Weon Kim, Duk Soo Bae
Since after 2006 when the first edition of practice guidelines for gynecologic oncologic cancer treatment was released, the Korean Society of Gynecologic Oncology (KSGO) has published the following editions on a regular basis to suggest the best possible standard care considering updated scientific evidence as well as medical environment including insurance coverage. The Guidelines Revision Committee was summoned to revise the second edition of KSGO practice guidelines, which was published in July 2010, and develop the third edition...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769100/what-did-the-go4health-policy-research-project-contribute-to-the-policy-discourse-on-the-sustainable-development-goals-a-reflexive-review
#5
REVIEW
Vannarath Te, Nadia Floden, Sameera Hussain, Claire E Brolan, Peter S Hill
BACKGROUND: In 2012, the European Commission funded Go4Health-Goals and Governance for Global Health, a consortium of 13 academic research and human rights institutions from both Global North and South-to track the evolution of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and provide ongoing policy advice. This paper reviews the research outputs published between 2012 and 2016, analyzing the thematic content of the publications, and the influence on global health and development discourse through citation metrics...
May 16, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768437/oral-health-status-in-historic-population-macroscopic-and-metagenomic-evidence
#6
Claire Willmann, Xavier Mata, Kristian Hanghoej, Laure Tonasso, Lenka Tisseyre, Céline Jeziorski, Elodie Cabot, Pierre Chevet, Eric Crubézy, Ludovic Orlando, Rémi Esclassan, Catherine Thèves
Recent developments in High-Throughput DNA sequencing (HTS) technologies and ancient DNA (aDNA) research have opened access to the characterization of the microbial communities within past populations. Most studies have, however, relied on the analysis of dental calculus as one particular material type particularly prone to the molecular preservation of ancient microbial biofilms and potential of entire teeth for microbial characterization, both of healthy communities and pathogens in ancient individuals, remains overlooked...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764108/factors-that-influence-enrolment-and-retention-in-ghana-national-health-insurance-scheme
#7
Agnes Millicent Kotoh, Genevieve Cecilia Aryeetey, Sjaak Van der Geest
BACKGROUND: The government of Ghana introduced the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) in 2004 with the goal of achieving universal coverage within 5 years. Evidence, however, shows that expanding NHIS coverage and especially retaining members have remained a challenge. A multilevel perspective was employed as a conceptual framework and methodological tool to examine why enrolment and retention in the NHIS remains low. METHODS: A household survey was conducted after 20 months educational and promotional activities aimed at improving enrolment and retention rates in 15 communities in the Central and Eastern Regions (ERs) of Ghana...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754699/systematic-review-of-the-incremental-costs-of-interventions-that-increase-immunization-coverage
#8
Sachiko Ozawa, Tatenda T Yemeke, Kimberly M Thompson
Achieving and maintaining high vaccination coverage requires investments, but the costs and effectiveness of interventions to increase coverage remain poorly characterized. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to identify peer-reviewed studies published in English that reported interventions aimed at increasing immunization coverage and the associated costs and effectiveness of the interventions. We found limited information in the literature, with many studies reporting effectiveness estimates, but not providing cost information...
May 10, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753495/global-prevalence-of-presbyopia-and-vision-impairment-from-uncorrected-presbyopia-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-modelling
#9
Timothy R Fricke, Nina Tahhan, Serge Resnikoff, Eric Papas, Anthea Burnett, Suit May Ho, Thomas Naduvilath, Kovin S Naidoo
TOPIC: Presbyopia prevalence and spectacle-correction coverage were estimated by systematic review and meta-analysis of epidemiologic evidence, then modeled to expand to country, region, and global estimates. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Understanding presbyopia epidemiologic factors and correction coverage is critical to overcoming the burden of vision impairment (VI) from uncorrected presbyopia. METHODS: We performed systematic reviews of presbyopia prevalence and spectacle-correction coverage...
May 9, 2018: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735475/effectiveness-of-internet-based-interventions-on-glycemic-control-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
Ying Shen, Fengbin Wang, Xing Zhang, Xiaorou Zhu, Qiudan Sun, Edwin Fisher, Xinying Sun
BACKGROUND: The popularity of internet as an area of research has grown manifold over the years. Given its rapid development and increasing coverage worldwide, internet-based interventions seem to offer a promising option to ameliorate huge burdens brought by type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, studies conducted by different researchers have provided contradictory results on the effect of internet-based interventions in glycemic control. OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis aims to summarize currently available evidence and evaluate the overall impact of internet-based interventions on glycemic management of type 2 diabetic patients...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734012/clinical-evidence-vs-preliminary-speculation-in-newspaper-coverage-of-diabetes-innovations-a-quantitative-analysis
#11
H Vehof, J Sanders, A van Dooren, E Heerdink, E Das
OBJECTIVES: Researchers have discussed that journalistic reporting of medical developments is often characterised by exaggeration or lack of context, but additional quantitative evidence to support this claim is needed. This study introduces a quantitative approach to assessing coverage of medical innovations, by aiming at provided references to observed clinical effects. Although observed clinical effects reflect increased chances for future medical applications, it is unknown to which extent newspaper articles refer to it when spreading health information...
May 4, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724635/mandatory-criteria-for-cardiac-rehabilitation-programs-2018-guidelines-from-the-portuguese-society-of-cardiology
#12
Ana Abreu, Miguel Mendes, Hélder Dores, Conceição Silveira, Paulo Fontes, Madalena Teixeira, Helena Santa Clara, João Morais
Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is a multidisciplinary process for patients recovering after an acute cardiac event or with chronic cardiovascular disease that reduces mortality and morbidity and improves quality of life. It is considered a cost-effective intervention and is expressly indicated in the guidelines of the major medical societies. In Portugal, only 8% of patients discharged from hospital after myocardial infarction are included in CR programs. In Europe overall, the percentage admitted to CR programs is 30%, while in the USA it is 20-30%...
April 30, 2018: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724415/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-orbits-vision-and-visual-loss
#13
Tabassum A Kennedy, Amanda S Corey, Bruno Policeni, Vikas Agarwal, Judah Burns, H Benjamin Harvey, Jenny Hoang, Christopher H Hunt, Amy F Juliano, William Mack, Gul Moonis, Gregory J A Murad, Jeffrey S Pannell, Matthew S Parsons, William J Powers, Jason W Schroeder, Gavin Setzen, Matthew T Whitehead, Julie Bykowski
Visual loss can be the result of an abnormality anywhere along the visual pathway including the globe, optic nerve, optic chiasm, optic tract, thalamus, optic radiations or primary visual cortex. Appropriate imaging analysis of visual loss is facilitated by a compartmental approach that establishes a differential diagnosis on the basis of suspected lesion location and specific clinical features. CT and MRI are the primary imaging modalities used to evaluate patients with visual loss and are often complementary in evaluating these patients...
May 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724194/a-community-based-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-crct-to-evaluate-the-impact-and-operational-assessment-of-safe-motherhood-and-newborn-health-promotion-package-study-protocol
#14
Dewan Md Emdadul Hoque, Mohiuddin Ahsanul Kabir Chowdhury, Ahmed Ehsanur Rahman, Sk Masum Billah, Sanwarul Bari, Tazeen Tahsina, Mohammad Mehedi Hasan, Sajia Islam, Tajul Islam, Rintaro Mori, Shams El Arifeen
BACKGROUND: Despite considerable progress in reduction of both under-five and maternal mortality in recent decades, Bangladesh is still one of the low and middle income countries with high burden of maternal and neonatal mortality. The primary objective of the current study is to measure the impact of a comprehensive package of interventions on maternal and neonatal mortality. In addition, changes in coverage, quality and utilization of maternal and newborn health (MNH) services, social capital, and cost effectiveness of the interventions will be measured...
May 3, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717635/sexual-and-gender-minority-health-in-medical-curricula-in-new-england-a-pilot-study-of-medical-student-comfort-competence-and-perception-of-curricula
#15
Nicole Sitkin Zelin, Charlotte Hastings, Brendin R Beaulieu-Jones, Caroline Scott, Ana Rodriguez-Villa, Cassandra Duarte, Christopher Calahan, Alexander J Adami
BACKGROUND: Sexual and gender minority (SGM) individuals experience high rates of harassment and discrimination when seeking healthcare, which contributes to substantial healthcare disparities. Improving physician training about gender identity, sexual orientation, and the healthcare needs of SGM patients has been identified as a critical strategy for mitigating these disparities. In 2014, the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) published medical education competencies to guide undergraduate medical education on SGM topics...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717022/epigenetic-reprogramming-during-spermatogenesis-and-male-factor-infertility
#16
Hayden M McSwiggin, Alan Mark O'Doherty
Infertility is an often devastating diagnosis encountered by around one in six couples who are trying to conceive. Moving away from the long held belief that infertility is primarily a female issue, it is now recognised that half, if not more, of these cases may be due to male factors. Recent evidence has suggested that epigenetic abnormalities in chromatin dynamics, DNA methylation or sperm-borne RNAs may contribute to male infertility. In light of advances in deep sequencing technologies, researchers have been able to increase the coverage and depth of sequencing results which in turn has allowed more comprehensive analyses of spermatozoa chromatin dynamics and methylomes, and enabled the discovery of new subsets of sperm RNAs...
May 1, 2018: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710631/dynamic-assessments-of-population-exposure-to-urban-greenspace-using-multi-source-big-data
#17
Yimeng Song, Bo Huang, Jixuan Cai, Bin Chen
A growing body of evidence has proven that urban greenspace is beneficial to improve people's physical and mental health. However, knowledge of population exposure to urban greenspace across different spatiotemporal scales remains unclear. Moreover, the majority of existing environmental assessments are unable to quantify how residents enjoy their ambient greenspace during their daily life. To deal with this challenge, we proposed a dynamic method to assess urban greenspace exposure with the integration of mobile-phone locating-request (MPL) data and high-spatial-resolution remote sensing images...
April 13, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695117/seasonal-influenza-vaccination-in-health-care-workers-a-pre-post-intervention-study-in-an-italian-paediatric-hospital
#18
Francesco Gilardi, Guido Castelli Gattinara, Maria Rosaria Vinci, Marta Ciofi Degli Atti, Veronica Santilli, Rita Brugaletta, Annapaola Santoro, Rosina Montanaro, Luisa Lavorato, Massimiliano Raponi, Salvatore Zaffina
Despite relevant recommendations and evidences on the efficacy of influenza vaccination in health care workers (HCWs), vaccination coverage rates in Europe and Italy currently do not exceed 25%. Aim of the study is to measure the variations in vaccination coverage rates in an Italian pediatric hospital after a promotion campaign performed in the period October⁻December 2017. The design is a pre-post intervention study. The intervention is based on a wide communication campaign and an expanded offer of easy vaccination on site...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686541/decision-uncertainty-and-value-of-further-research-a-case-study-in-fenestrated-endovascular-aneurysm-repair-for-complex-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#19
Oriana Ciani, David Epstein, Claire Rothery, Rod S Taylor, Mark Sculpher
Background: Fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (fEVAR) is a new approach for complex abdominal aortic aneurysms, limited to a few specialist centers, with limited evidence base. We developed a cost-effectiveness decision model of fEVAR compared to open surgical repair (OSR) to investigate the likely direction of costs and benefits and inform further research projects on this technology. Methods: A systematic review with meta-analysis and a four-state Markov model were used to estimate the cost-effectiveness of fEVAR versus OSR...
2018: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685298/the-suitability-of-visual-taphonomic-methods-for-digital-photographs-an-experimental-approach-with-pig-carcasses-in-a-tropical-climate
#20
Agathe Ribéreau-Gayon, Carolyn Rando, Ruth M Morgan, David O Carter
In the context of increased scrutiny of the methods in forensic sciences, it is essential to ensure that the approaches used in forensic taphonomy to measure decomposition and estimate the postmortem interval are underpinned by robust evidence-based data. Digital photographs are an important source of documentation in forensic taphonomic investigations but the suitability of the current approaches for photographs, rather than real-time remains, is poorly studied which can undermine accurate forensic conclusions...
May 2018: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
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