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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547821/effects-of-sleep-on-substance-use-in-adolescents-a-longitudinal-perspective
#1
Tam T Nguyen-Louie, Ty Brumback, Matthew J Worley, Ian M Colrain, Georg E Matt, Lindsay M Squeglia, Susan F Tapert
Substance use (SU) and sleep problems appear interrelated, but few studies have examined the influence of adolescent sleep patterns on development of SU disorders. This study prospectively examined the influence of sleep habits on subsequent SU in youth who later transitioned into heavy drinking. At time 1 (T1), participants (n = 95) were substance-naive 12- to 14-year-olds. Path-analytic models examined whether the effects of T1 risk factors (familial SU disorder, inhibition control, and externalizing and internalizing traits) on time 3 (M = 19...
May 26, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539538/exhausting-physicians-employed-in-hospitals-in-japan-assessed-by-a-health-questionnaire
#2
Shosuke Suzuki
OBJECTIVE: Japanese physicians employed and working in general hospitals have become busier since 2005, as they had to teach and guide the increased number of medical residents graduated from medical schools. Working hours and chronic fatigue of employed physicians were surveyed compared with independent physicians working in their own out-patient clinics and with usual employed men in Japan, and their mental health was assessed. METHODS: (1) 75 employed physicians in hospitals were surveyed of their working hours a week and compared with (2) 48 independent general practitioners (GP) who work in their own out-patient clinics...
May 25, 2017: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537332/comparison-of-intermittent-fasting-versus-caloric-restriction-in-obese-subjects-a-two-year-follow-up
#3
F B Aksungar, M Sarıkaya, A Coskun, M Serteser, I Unsal
OBJECTIVE: Caloric restriction (CR) is proven to be effective in increasing life span and it is well known that, nutritional habits, sleeping pattern and meal frequency have profound effects on human health. In Ramadan some Muslims fast during the day-light hours for a month, providing us a unique model of intermittent fasting (IF) in humans. In the present study, we have investigated the effects of IF versus CR on the same non-diabetic obese subjects who were followed for two years according to the growth hormone (GH)/Insulin like growth factor (IGF)-1 axis and insulin resistance...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532413/dietary-habits-oral-impact-on-daily-performance-and-type-2-diabetes-a-matched-case-control-study-from-sudan
#4
Hasaan G Mohamed, Kamal Mustafa, Salah O Ibrahim, Anne N Åstrøm
BACKGROUND: It is evident that social and behavioural factors influence on individuals' general health and quality of life. Nevertheless, information about the influence of dietary habits on oral health-related quality of life is limited; especially among patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). The aim of this study was to examine the influence of dietary habits and clinical oral health indicators on oral health-related quality of life in individuals with and without T2D. METHODS: A total of 149 T2D cases and 298 controls were recruited for this age and gender matched case-control study...
May 22, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529921/mediterranean-lifestyle-and-cardiovascular-disease-prevention
#5
Ekavi N Georgousopoulou, Duane D Mellor, Nenad Naumovski, Evangelos Polychronopoulos, Stefanos Tyrovolas, Suzanne Piscopo, Giuseppe Valacchi, Foteini Anastasiou, Akis Zeimbekis, Vassiliki Bountziouka, Efthimios Gotsis, George Metallinos, Dimitra Tyrovola, Alexandra Foscolou, Josep-Antoni Tur, Antonia-Leda Matalas, Christos Lionis, Labros Sidossis, Demosthenes Panagiotakos
BACKGROUND: Adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern is a well-established protective factor against cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, diet quality is only one aspect of the overall healthy lifestyle adopted by Mediterranean populations. The latter has never been evaluated as a multi-factorial composite lifestyle. Thus, the aim of the present study was to provide a broader picture of the Mediterranean lifestyle and its effects on CVD risk, among elderly individuals. METHODS: During 2005-2015, 2,749 older (aged 65-100 years) from 21 Mediterranean islands (MEDIS) and the rural Mani region (Peloponnesus) of Greece were voluntarily enrolled onto the study...
April 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526664/effect-of-a-counseling-session-bolstered-by-text-messaging-on-self-selected-health-behaviors-in-college-students-a-preliminary-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Janice Sandrick, Doreen Tracy, Arn Eliasson, Ashley Roth, Jeffrey Bartel, Melanie Simko, Tracy Bowman, Karen Harouse-Bell, Mariam Kashani, Marina Vernalis
BACKGROUND: The college experience is often the first time when young adults live independently and make their own lifestyle choices. These choices affect dietary behaviors, exercise habits, techniques to deal with stress, and decisions on sleep time, all of which direct the trajectory of future health. There is a need for effective strategies that will encourage healthy lifestyle choices in young adults attending college. OBJECTIVE: This preliminary randomized controlled trial tested the effect of coaching and text messages (short message service, SMS) on self-selected health behaviors in the domains of diet, exercise, stress, and sleep...
May 17, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526260/relationships-between-school-start-time-sleep-duration-and-adolescent-behaviors
#7
Kyla L Wahlstrom, Aaron T Berger, Rachel Widome
OBJECTIVES: The objectives were 2-fold: (1) to examine how high school start times relate to adolescent sleep duration, and (2) to test associations between sleep duration and mental health- and substance use-related issues and behaviors in teens. DESIGN: This study examines selected questions from survey data collected between 2010 and 2013 high school students. SETTING: Respondents included more than 9000 students in grades 9 to 12 in 8 high schools in 5 school districts across the United States...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526257/sleep-quality-and-psychological-distress-among-undergraduate-students-of-a-nigerian-university
#8
Champion Tobi Seun-Fadipe, Kolawole Samuel Mosaku
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to assess the sleep quality of undergraduate students in a Nigerian University, to determine its association with psychological distress, and to evaluate some of the factors associated with poor sleep quality among the students. METHODS: It is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among the undergraduate students of Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife. The multistage sampling method was used to select 520 study participants, and a self-administered instrument including a questionnaire on sociodemographic characteristics, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality index, General Health Questionnaire, and Hospital Anxiety-Depression Scale was administered...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526249/modified-children-s-sleep-habits-questionnaire-for-behavioral-sleep-problems-a-validation-study
#9
Karen A Bonuck, Beth L Goodlin-Jones, Clyde Schechter, Judith Owens
OBJECTIVES: Behavioral sleep problems (BSPs) are prevalent and consequential in young children. There is a need for screening tools that identify BSPs-which are often rooted in the parent-young child relationship-and typically respond to behavior management. Such a tool would increase capacity to identify and treat BSPs. We sought to validate a short-form version of the widely used Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (SF-CSHQ) that omitted items that would not be responsive to behavioral strategies...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525321/characteristics-of-the-life-habits-of-obese-students-at-one-of-japan-s-national-colleges-of-technology
#10
Yoshinori Nagasawa, Shin-Ichi Demura, Shigeru Shimada
Aim This study clarified the characteristics of life habits of obese Japanese male students at the National Colleges of Technology, Japan. Materials and methods Healthy students aged 15-19 years answered a questionnaire containing 21 items on the following five categories of life habits: general exercise, meals, sleeping, leisure activity and illness or injury history. The subjects were divided into three groups based on the criteria of body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage (%BF): non-obese (%BF < 20%, n = 420), overweight obese (%BF ≥ 20% and BMI ≥ 25, n = 99), and hidden obese (%BF ≥ 20% and BMI < 25, n = 60)...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522106/shorter-sleep-duration-in-early-pregnancy-is-associated-with-birth-length-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-wuhan-china
#11
Weiye Wang, Chunrong Zhong, Yu Zhang, Li Huang, Xi Chen, Xuezhen Zhou, Renjuan Chen, Xiating Li, Mei Xiao, Liping Hao, Xuefeng Yang, Nianhong Yang, Sheng Wei
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between sleep duration in early pregnancy and fetal growth in a prospective cohort study of 3567 Chinese women. METHODS: Pregnant women at 8-16 weeks of gestation were interviewed using a semi-quantitative questionnaire to assess sleep duration. Birth weight and birth length were measured by a midwife in the delivery room at birth; low birth weight (LBW) was defined as birth weight <2500 g and small for gestational age (SGA) was defined as <10th customized centile...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522099/psychometric-properties-and-dutch-norm-values-of-the-children-s-sleep-habits-questionnaire-in-toddlers
#12
Lindsay Martina Helena Steur, Eva Henriëtte Visser, Martha Alexandra Grootenhuis, Caroline Barbara Terwee, Gerardus Johannes Laurentius Kaspers, Raphaële Reine Lydie van Litsenburg
OBJECTIVE: The Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) was developed in the USA for children aged 4-10 years. The Dutch CSHQ has been validated for this age group, but not yet for toddlers. Furthermore, Dutch norm values for toddlers are unavailable. This study aimed to investigate the psychometric properties and collect norm values of the Dutch CSHQ in toddlers. METHODS: Data collection was conducted by Taylor Nelson Sofres Netherlands Institute for Public Opinion (TNS-NIPO), a Dutch market research agency...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509968/sleep-problems-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-associations-with-parenting-style-and-sleep-hygiene
#13
Emma Sciberras, Jie Cheng Song, Melissa Mulraney, Tibor Schuster, Harriet Hiscock
We aimed to examine the association between sleep problems and parenting and sleep hygiene in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Participants included 5-13-year-old children with DSM 5 defined ADHD and a parent-reported moderate-to-severe sleep problem (N = 361). Sleep was assessed using the parent-reported Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire. Parents also completed checklists assessing sleep hygiene, parenting consistency, and parenting warmth. Linear regression established prediction models controlling for confounding variables including child age and sex, ADHD symptom severity, comorbidities, medication use, and socio-demographic factors...
May 16, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507381/sleep-hygiene-and-diabetes-suggestions-for-primary-care
#14
Avinash De Sousa, Sanjay Kalra
Sleep problems are common in chronic disorders like diabetes and are the result of poor diet and unhealthy lifestyles. Comprehensive management of diabetes entails lifestyle management and restoration of good habits. Sleep hygiene maintenance helps persons living with diabetes enjoy a better quality of life by restoring normal sleep patterns and thereby improving glycaemic control.
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503417/indoor-outdoor-not-voluptuary-habit-pollution-and-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-a-systematic-review
#15
Laura Tenero, Giorgio Piacentini, Luana Nosetti, Emma Gasperi, Michele Piazza, Marco Zaffanello
BACKGROUND: Exposure to environmental pollutants is advocated to be a major risk factor, with increased morbidity and mortality in humans due to acute and chronic airway inflammation. The aim of the present review is to show the literature research regarding the link between the sleep-disordered breathing and exposure to indoor/outdoor pollution in children. We hypothesized that environmental air pollution can play a role in childhood sleep-disordered breathing. METHODS: We conducted an electronic search in Medline (with PubMed interface), Scopus and the ISI Web of Science using the keywords "sleep" or "sleep apnea" or "sleep disordered breathing" and "pollution" and "children" in "Title/Abstract/Keywords", with language restriction (non-English paper) and no date limitation to present...
April 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492190/decreased-sleep-in-children-and-their-behavioral-problems-in-dental-operatory
#16
Vinaya Kumar Kulkarni, Ami Kandya, Sakshi Arora, Garima Singh
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to examine the contribution of inadequate sleep and its associated factors, on behavior and cooperation of children in the dental operatory. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 100 healthy children at the time of their initial visit to the dental hospital, ranging from preschoolers to adolescents. Data acquisition was done by a questionnaire. Interview with the accompanying person was done to ask about the sleep duration, naps, and sleep habits of the child...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489183/frequency-and-factors-associated-with-falls-in-adults-aged-55-years-or-more
#17
Sabrina Canhada Ferrari Prato, Selma Maffei de Andrade, Marcos Aparecido Sarria Cabrera, Renata Maciulis Dip, Hellen Geremias Dos Santos, Mara Solange Gomes Dellaroza, Arthur Eumann Mesas
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to analyze the frequency and factors associated with falls in adults aged 55 years or more. METHODS: This is a study inserted into another population-based study with representative sample of persons aged 40 years or more of the urban area in a medium-sized municipality of the State of Paraná, Brazil, in 2011. That study obtained demographic and socioeconomic data and characteristics related to life habits, health conditions, and functional capacity (n = 1,180)...
April 27, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487255/disruption-of-adolescents-circadian-clock-the-vicious-circle-of-media-use-exposure-to-light-at-night-sleep-loss-and-risk-behaviors
#18
Yvan Touitou, David Touitou, Alain Reinberg
Although sleep is a key element in adolescent development, teens are spending increasing amounts of time online with health risks related to excessive use of electronic media (computers, smartphones, tablets, consoles…) negatively associated with daytime functioning and sleep outcomes. Adolescent sleep becomes irregular, shortened and delayed in relation with later sleep onset and early waking time due to early school starting times on weekdays which results in rhythm desynchronization and sleep loss. In addition, exposure of adolescents to the numerous electronic devices prior to bedtime has become a great concern because LEDs emit much more blue light than white incandescent bulbs and compact fluorescent bulbs and have therefore a greater impact on the biological clock...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Physiology, Paris
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486878/sleep-and-quality-of-life-in-children-with-traumatic-brain-injury-and-adhd
#19
Ozalp Ekinci, Çetin Okuyaz, Serkan Günes, Nuran Ekinci, Gülhan Örekeci, Halenur Teke, Meltem Çobanoğulları Direk
Objective Attention problems are common in children who sustain a traumatic brain injury (TBI). The differential features of TBI-related Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and primary ADHD are largely unknown. This study aimed to compare sleep problems and quality of life between children with TBI and ADHD and children with primary ADHD. Methods Twenty children with TBI (mean age = 12.7 ± 3.1 years) who had clinically significant ADHD symptoms according to the structured diagnostic interview and rating scales and a control group with primary ADHD (n = 20) were included...
January 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484068/delivery-of-health-coaching-by-medical-assistants-in-primary-care
#20
Zora Djuric, Michelle Segar, Carissa Orizondo, Jeffrey Mann, Maya Faison, Nithin Peddireddy, Matthew Paletta, Amy Locke
BACKGROUND: Health coaching is potentially a practical method to assist patients in achieving and maintaining healthy lifestyles. In health coaching, the coach partners with the patient, helping patients discover their own strengths, challenges, and solutions. METHODS: Two medical assistants were provided with brief training. The 12-week program consisted of telephone coaching with in-person visits at the beginning and end of the program. Coaching targeted improvements in diet, physical activity, and/or sleep habits using a self-care planning form...
May 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
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