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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437682/sleep-problems-in-pediatric-epilepsy-and-adhd-the-impact-of-comorbidity
#1
Ozalp Ekinci, Çetin Okuyaz, Serkan Gunes, Nuran Ekinci, Merve Kalınlı, Muhammet Emin Tan, Halenur Teke, Meltem Çobanoğulları Direk, Semra Erdoğan
AIMS: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a frequent comorbidity in pediatric epilepsy. Although sleep problems are commonly reported in both children with primary ADHD and epilepsy, those with epilepsy-ADHD comorbidity have not been well studied. This study aimed to compare sleep problems among three groups of children: 1) children with epilepsy, 2) children with epilepsy and ADHD (epilepsy-ADHD), and 3) children with primary ADHD. METHODS: 53 children with epilepsy, 35 children with epilepsy-ADHD, and 52 children with primary ADHD completed the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ)...
April 21, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435340/stress-and-its-predictors-in-pregnant-women-a-study-in-saudi-arabia
#2
Anwar E Ahmed, Alhanouf N Albalawi, Asmaa A Alshehri, Rand M AlBlaihed, Majid A Alsalamah
BACKGROUND: Although stress during pregnancy has negative effects on children's development and pregnant women's health, no study has assessed stress and its predictors among pregnant Saudi women. The aim of this study was to assess stress and identify its predictors in a sample of pregnant Saudi women. METHODS: A correlational study was carried out at King Abdulaziz Medical City in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, on 438 pregnant women who attended the obstetrics/gynecology clinic...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431626/sleep-patterns-in-villagers-and-urban-african-volunteers-in-a-humid-tropical-climate-influence-of-accessibility-to-electric-light
#3
Alain Buguet, Pascal Bogui, Stéphane Picot, Raymond Cespuglio
Recent publications focusing on sleep-wake alternation, using actigraphic recordings in hunter-gatherers, stressed the existence of a potential effect of electricity availability on sleep habits. These reports prompted us to achieve a new analysis of the polysomnographic data already obtained in healthy African volunteers in equatorial Africa during two different investigations. Comparison of the 24-h polysomnographic sleep patterns were done between 9 volunteers sleeping in a laboratory in Abidjan (Abidjan cohort) and 11 villagers living in electricity-free bush villages (Sinfra cohort)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429924/dietary-choice-and-health-behaviors-in-eastern-chinese-women-a-descriptive-population-based-survey-and-review-of-public-health-data
#4
Feng Wang, Fei Wang, Lixiang Yu, Zhigang Yu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Urbanization in China has increased the prevalence of high-fat and low-fiber diets, and of adverse health behaviors associated with an increased risk of diet-related, non-communicable diseases (DR-NCDs) in eastern Chinese women. This study aimed to characterize the dietary intake and health behaviors in eastern Chinese women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective data of 122,058 women aged 25 to 70 who completed a multi-staged, stratified, cluster sampling epidemiological survey in eastern China in 2008, including self-report of diet and lifestyle information (sleep, physical activity, work, etc...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429178/sleep-habits-fatigue-and-sleepiness-in-chiclayo-peru-s-bus-drivers
#5
Fátima Deza-Becerra, Jorge Rey de Castro, Carol Gonzales-Gonzales, Franco Ernesto León-Jiménez, Jorge Osada-Liy, Edmundo Rosales-Mayor
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of the study are to describe sleep habits, fatigue, and sleepiness in Chiclayo's (Peru) bus drivers and explore their relation with traffic accidents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study with a non-probability consecutive sampling. The sample size was 126 drivers. Sleepiness was evaluated using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale and sleep hygiene with validated questionnaires. We used a history of traffic accident or a near-traffic accident as an independent variable and applied chi-squared, t, and Mann-Whitney U tests to evaluate initial associations, which were later tested with a multivariate analysis...
April 21, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421911/sleep-habits-and-nighttime-texting-among-adolescents
#6
Pernilla Garmy, Teresa M Ward
The aim of this study was to examine sleep habits (i.e., bedtimes and rising times) and their association with nighttime text messaging in 15- to 17-year-old adolescents. This cross-sectional study analyzed data from a web-based survey of adolescent students attending secondary schools in southern Sweden ( N = 278, 50% female). Less than 8 hr of time in bed during school nights was significantly associated with more sleep difficulties, wake time variability on school days and weekends, daytime tiredness, and less enjoyment at school (all ps < ...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421480/amount-of-sleep-daytime-sleepiness-hazardous-driving-and-quality-of-life-of-second-year-medical-students
#7
Kay M Johnson, Nancy Simon, Mark Wicks, Karen Barr, Kim O'Connor, Doug Schaad
OBJECTIVE: The authors describe the sleep habits of second year medical students and look for associations between reported sleep duration and depression, burnout, overall quality of life, self-reported academic success, and falling asleep while driving. METHODS: The authors conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study of two consecutive cohorts of second year medical students at a large public university in the USA. Participants completed an anonymous survey about their sleep habits, daytime sleepiness (Epworth sleepiness scale), burnout (Maslach burnout inventory), depression (PRIME MD), and perceived stress (perceived stress scale)...
April 18, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418577/prospective-assessment-of-sleep-quality-before-and-after-primary-total-joint-replacement
#8
Blaine T Manning, Sean M Kearns, Daniel D Bohl, Tori Edmiston, Scott M Sporer, Brett R Levine
Sleep disruption is a common, yet rarely addressed, complaint among patients who have undergone total joint arthroplasty (TJA). This study assessed sleep quality before and after primary TJA. A total of 105 patients who underwent primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) prospectively completed questionnaires during the preoperative, early postoperative, and late postoperative periods. The survey included the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, current sleeping habits, and patient perspectives of sleep quality and duration...
April 18, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404506/associations-of-24-hour-sleep-duration-and-ct-derived-measurements-of-muscle-and-bone-the-ages-reykjavik-study
#9
Elisa A Marques, Pedro Figueiredo, Vilmundur Gudnason, Thomas Lang, Gunnar Sigurdsson, Sigurdur Sigurdsson, Thor Aspelund, Kristin Siggeirsdottir, Lenore Launer, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Tamara B Harris
BACKGROUND: Although the importance of sleep on preservation of several physiological functions is well known, the relationship with the two interconnected tissues - muscle and bone is less understood. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the association of 24-hour sleep duration with mid-thigh muscle composition and proximal femur volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD). METHODS: 2438 men and 3326 women aged 66 to 96years, residents in the Reykjavik area, were included in this cross-sectional study...
April 9, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367921/association-between-skin-condition-and-sleep-efficiency-in-japanese-young-adults
#10
Takahiro Yoshizaki, Yoshifumi Kimira, Hiroshi Mano, Masako Ota, Ken Iwatsuki, Yuichi Oishi, Takumi Yamane
There has been little epidemiological evidence that has comprehensively clarified whether alterations in lifestyle, such as sleep quality and dietary intake, explain changes in the skin condition of healthy young adults. Therefore, the aim of our study was to elucidate the association between skin condition and lifestyle behaviors such as diet and sleep, after statistically controlling confounding factors. The subjects were 54 participants who were aged 20-32 y, and who attended college in the Kanto region (in Japan)...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367325/association-between-sleep-habits-and-metabolically-healthy-obesity-in-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Thirumagal Kanagasabai, Ramandeep Dhanoa, Jennifer L Kuk, Chris I Ardern
Higher body mass index (BMI) increases the risk of cardiometabolic diseases, but nearly a third of the people living with obesity (BMI: ≥30 kg/m(2)) are metabolically healthy (MHO). Extreme sleep durations and poor sleep quality are associated with higher bodyweight and cardiometabolic dysfunction, but the full extent to which sleep habits may help differentiate those with MHO versus metabolically abnormal obesity (MAO) is not yet known. Data from the U.S. National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey 2005-08 was used (BMI: ≥30 kg/m(2); ≥20 y; N = 1,777)...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366328/age-and-sex-differences-in-bedroom-habits-and-bedroom-preferences
#12
Bjørn Bjorvatn, Jelena Mrdalj, Ingvild W Saxvig, Tom Aasnæs, Ståle Pallesen, Siri Waage
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of different bedroom habits/preferences, and to assess whether these habits/preferences differ with age and sex. METHODS: A population-based Norwegian cross-sectional telephone survey with 1001 of 1599 randomly selected adults (63% response rate) was performed. The questions about habits and preferences had different response alternatives (yes/no; up to eight response alternatives). Mean age was 47...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364514/actigraphic-sleep-patterns-of-u-s-hispanics-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos
#13
Katherine A Dudley, Jia Weng, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Guido Simonelli, Elizabeth Cespedes Feliciano, Maricelle Ramirez, Alberto R Ramos, Jose S Loredo, Kathryn J Reid, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Phyllis C Zee, Diana A Chirinos, Linda C Gallo, Rui Wang, Sanjay R Patel
Study objective: To assess the extent to which objective sleep patterns vary among U.S. Hispanics/Latinos. Methods: We assessed objective sleep patterns in 2087 participants of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos from 6 Hispanic/Latino subgroups aged 18-64 years who underwent 7 days of wrist actigraphy. Results: The age- and sex-standardized mean (SE) sleep duration was 6.82 (0.05), 6.72 (0.07), 6.61 (0.07), 6.59 (0.06), 6...
February 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364512/nocturnal-dynamics-of-sleep-wake-transitions-in-patients-with-narcolepsy
#14
Xiaozhe Zhang, Jan W Kantelhardt, Xiao Song Dong, Dagmar Krefting, Jing Li, Han Yan, Frank Pillmann, Ingo Fietze, Thomas Penzel, Long Zhao, Fang Han
Introduction: We investigate how characteristics of sleep-wake dynamics in humans are modified by narcolepsy, a clinical condition that is supposed to destabilize sleep-wake regulation. Subjects with and without cataplexy are considered separately. Differences in sleep scoring habits as a possible confounder have been examined. Aims and Methods: Four groups of subjects are considered: narcolepsy patients from China with (n = 88) and without (n = 15) cataplexy, healthy controls from China (n = 110) and from Europe (n = 187, 2 nights each)...
February 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364490/sleep-disturbances-in-individuals-with-phelan-mcdermid-syndrome-correlation-with-caregivers-sleep-quality-and-daytime-functioning
#15
Della Bro, Ruth O'Hara, Michelle Primeau, Andrea Hanson-Kahn, Joachim Hallmayer, Jonathan A Bernstein
Study Objectives: The aims of this study were to document sleep disturbances in individuals with Phelan-McDermid syndrome (PMS), to assess whether these individuals had been evaluated for sleep disorders, and to examine relationships between the sleep behavior of these individuals and the sleep behavior and daytime functioning of their caregivers. Methods: Participants were 193 caregivers of individuals with PMS recruited by the Phelan-McDermid Syndrome Foundation...
February 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364432/sleep-duration-snoring-prevalence-obesity-and-behavioral-problems-in-a-large-cohort-of-primary-school-students-in-japan
#16
Naoko Sakamoto, David Gozal, Dale L Smith, Limin Yang, Noriko Morimoto, Hiroo Wada, Kotatsu Maruyama, Ai Ikeda, Yohei Suzuki, Meiho Nakayama, Itsuko Horiguchi, Takeshi Tanigawa
Study Objectives: Poor or short sleep and the presence of snoring indicative of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) have been associated with behavioral problems in school-aged children. We examined the relationship between SDB, sleep duration, obesity risk, and behavioral characteristics in Japanese elementary school students using a large-scale survey. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of children enrolled in all 46 public primary schools in Matsuyama city, Japan...
March 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360943/age-related-reduction-and-independent-predictors-of-toe-flexor-strength-in-middle-aged-men
#17
Masataka Suwa, Takayuki Imoto, Akira Kida, Mitsunori Iwase, Takashi Yokochi
BACKGROUND: Toe flexor muscles play an important role in posture and locomotion, and poor toe flexor strength is a risk factor for falls. In this cross-sectional study, we estimated the age-related change in toe flexor strength and compared it with that of handgrip strength. Independent factors predicting toe flexor and handgrip strength were also determined. METHODS: A total of 1401 male (aged 35-59 years) study participants were divided into five groups according to their chronological age; 35-39, 40-44, 45-49, 50-54, and 55-59 years...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359703/exploring-the-mediating-role-of-energy-balance-related-behaviours-in-the-association-between-sleep-duration-and-obesity-in-european-adults-the-spotlight-project
#18
Myrthe Timmermans, Joreintje D Mackenbach, Helene Charreire, Helga Bárdos, Sofie Compernolle, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Jean-Michel Oppert, Harry Rutter, Martin McKee, Jeroen Lakerveld
Sleep restriction is a risk factor for weight gain and obesity. Few studies have formally investigated the mediating role of energy balance-related behaviours in the sleep - obesity association. The aim of this study was to explore the mediating role of physical activity, sedentary behaviours and dietary habits in the association of sleep duration with obesity in adults in five European urban regions. Data on self-reported sleep duration, energy balance-related behaviours, height and weight and other covariates were collected between February and September 2014 from participants to the SPOTLIGHT survey (N=5900, mean age 52years)...
March 28, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359641/prospective-evaluation-of-sleep-improvement-following-carpal-tunnel-release-surgery
#19
Jacob E Tulipan, Nayoung Kim, Jack Abboudi, Christopher Jones, Frederic Liss, William Kirkpatrick, Jonas Matzon, Michael Rivlin, Mark L Wang, Asif M Ilyas
PURPOSE: Sleep disturbance due to nighttime awakening is a well-documented symptom of carpal tunnel syndrome. While relief of nighttime waking following carpal tunnel release (CTR) has been demonstrated, the effect of CTR on overall sleep quality has not been fully investigated. We hypothesized that CTR would result in significant improvement in overall sleep quality as well as patients' overall satisfaction with their sleep habits. METHODS: Cases of carpal tunnel syndrome with positive nerve studies, and treated with CTR, were prospectively enrolled...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358845/the-association-between-sleep-duration-and-physical-performance-in-chinese-community-dwelling-elderly
#20
Liyuan Fu, Liye Jia, Wen Zhang, Peipei Han, Li Kang, Yixuan Ma, Hairui Yu, Tianqi Zhai, Xiaoyu Chen, Qi Guo
BACKGROUND: Physical performance is an important healthy factor in elder people. Good living habits, which include sleep, can maintain physical strength and physical performance. The aim of the present study was to conduct a cross-sectional study to determine the association between total sleep duration and physical performance. METHODS: Our study population comprised residents of the township central hospital in the suburban of Tianjin, China. We measured muscle strength, walk speed and balance function by grip, 4-m walk test and timed up and go test (TUGT)...
2017: PloS One
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