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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636405/conventional-polysomnography-is-not-necessary-for-the-management-of-most-patients-with-suspected-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#1
Jaime Corral, Maria-Ángeles Sánchez-Quiroga, Carmen Carmona-Bernal, Ángeles Sánchez-Armengol, Alicia Sánchez-de-la-Torre, Joaquín Durán-Cantolla, Carlos J Egea, Neus Salord, Carmen Monasterio, Joaquín Terán, M Luz Alonso-Alvarez, Jesús Muñoz-Méndez, Eva M Arias, Marta Cabello, Josep M Montserrat, Mónica De la Peña, José C Serrano, Ferran Barbe, Juan F Masa
RATIONALE: Home respiratory polygraphy may be a simpler alternative to in-laboratory polysomnography for the management of more symptomatic obstructive sleep apnea patients, but its effectiveness has not been evaluated across a broad clinical spectrum. OBJECTIVE: To compare the long-term effectiveness (6 months) of home respiratory polygraphy and polysomnography management protocols in patients with intermediate to high sleep apnea suspicion (most patients requiring a sleep study)...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626976/prevalence-of-sleep-problems-in-japanese-preschoolers-in-a-medium-sized-city-community-based-survey-using-the-children-s-sleep-habits-questionnaire
#2
Michio Takahashi, Masaki Adachi, Sayura Yasuda, Ayako Osato-Kaneda, Manabu Saito, Michito Kuribayashi, Kazuhiko Nakamura
Although the mean score of the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) differs between countries, there are no normative data for the CSHQ of Japanese preschoolers based on a community sample. The aims of this study were therefore to present normative data for the CSHQ and determine the prevalence and characteristics of sleep problems in Japanese preschoolers. Parents or the primary caregiver of 482 preschoolers aged 4-5 years completed the CSHQ and the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire. Approximately 80% of preschoolers scored above the cut-off for sleep disturbance on the CSHQ...
June 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623055/prevalence-of-adiposity-and-its-association-with-sleep-duration-quality-and-timing-among-9-12-year-old-children-in-guangzhou-china
#3
Jiao Wang, Peymane Adab, Weijia Liu, Yajun Chen, Bai Li, Rong Lin, Wei Liu, Kar Keung Cheng, Miranda Pallan
BACKGROUND: Short sleep duration has been reported to be associated with obesity in children, but findings are not consistent. Since few studies have examined the relationship between more complex sleep characteristics and obesity, we examined the association between adiposity and self-reported sleep duration, bedtime, and sleep quality in 9-12-year-old Chinese children using multilevel mixed models. METHODS: 5518 children aged 9-12 years were recruited from 29 randomly selected primary schools in Guangzhou, China in 2014...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619182/evolution-of-circadian-rhythms-from-bacteria-to-human
#4
REVIEW
Utpal Bhadra, Nirav Thakkar, Paromita Das, Manika Pal Bhadra
The human body persists in its rhythm as per its initial time zone, and transition always occur according to solar movements around the earth over 24 h. While traveling across different latitudes and longitudes, at the pace exceeding the earth's movement, the changes in the external cues exceed the level of toleration of the body's biological clock. This poses an alteration in our physiological activities of sleep-wake pattern, mental alertness, organ movement, and eating habits, causing them to temporarily lose the track of time...
July 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615542/headphone-listening-habits-and-hearing-thresholds-in-swedish-adolescents
#5
Stephen E Widen, Sara Båsjö, Claes Möller, Kim Kähäri
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate self-reported hearing and portable music listening habits, measured hearing function and music exposure levels in Swedish adolescents. The study was divided into two parts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The first part included 280 adolescents, who were 17 years of age and focused on self-reported data on subjective hearing problems and listening habits regarding portable music players. From this group, 50 adolescents volunteered to participate in Part II of the study, which focused on audiological measurements and measured listening volume...
May 2017: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613954/comparison-of-sleep-characteristics-pattern-and-problems-in-young-children-within-the-southeast-asian-region
#6
Kim Dy Daban, Daniel Yt Goh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Optimal sleeping habits are important for health development of infants. The role of culture on sleep habits cannot be underestimated. We aimed to characterize sleep patterns, sleep practices and sleep problems; and assess the sleep settings and parental perceptions of sleep problems in children from birth to 36 months in countries in the Southeast Asian (SEA) region. PARTICIPANTS: Parents and caregivers of infants and toddlers (birth to 36 months old) from countries in Southeast Asia participated in this study...
June 14, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602529/-the-use-of-social-media-modifies-teenagers-sleep-related-behavior
#7
S Royant-Parola, V Londe, S Tréhout, S Hartley
OBJECTIVE: Modification of sleep behaviors in teenagers has been observed over the past 30years with a reduction in overall sleep time and an increasing number of teenagers suffering from sleep deprivation. Sleep deprivation is linked to physical problems such as obesity but also to change in performance at school and mood disorders. Changes have been associated with the use of screens, cell phones, Internet and social media. Use of screens has been shown to delay sleep onset and melatonin secretion and stimulation of wake systems by interaction with social media may exacerbate these effects...
June 8, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592979/sleep-problems-in-children-and-adolescents-at-pediatric-clinics
#8
Dong Soon Kim, Cho Long Lee, Young Min Ahn
PURPOSE: To investigate the frequency of childhood sleep problems at pediatric clinics in Seoul and Gyeonggi provinces. METHODS: Children (n=936) and their parents who visited 5 primary and 1 secondary pediatric outpatient clinics were invited to complete a Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire. RESULTS: Among patients, 901 (96.3%) answered questionnaires in sufficient detail for evaluation. The participant's mean age was 4.35±3.02 years (range, 0-18 years)...
May 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587277/weight-status-is-related-with-gender-and-sleep-duration-but-not-with-dietary-habits-and-physical-activity-in-primary-school-italian-children
#9
Alice Rosi, Maria Vittoria Calestani, Liborio Parrino, Giulia Milioli, Luigi Palla, Elio Volta, Furio Brighenti, Francesca Scazzina
The prevalence of overweight and obesity in children has risen greatly worldwide. Diet and poor physical activity are the two risk factors usually examined, but epidemiological evidence exists suggesting a link between sleep duration and overweight/obesity in children. The aim of this study was to describe the relationship among body mass index (BMI), diet quality, physical activity level, and sleep duration in 690 children attending the 5th grade in primary schools (9-11 years old) in the city of Parma (Italy) involved in the Giocampus educational program...
June 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575718/sleep-homeostasis-habits-and-habituation
#10
REVIEW
Vladyslav V Vyazovskiy, Mark E Walton, Stuart N Peirson, David M Bannerman
The importance of sleep for behavioural performance during waking is long-established, but the underlying reasons and mechanisms remain elusive. Waking and sleep are associated with changes in the levels of GluA1 AMPAR subunit in synaptic membranes, while studies using genetically-modified mice have identified an important role for GluA1-dependent synaptic plasticity in a non-associative form of memory that underlies short-term habituation to recently experienced stimuli. Here we posit that sleep may play a role in dishabituation, which restores attentional capacity and maximises the readiness of the animal for learning and goal-directed behaviour during subsequent wakefulness...
May 30, 2017: Current Opinion in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575038/plasma-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-concentration-is-a-predictor-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors-hyogo-sleep-cardio-autonomic-atherosclerosis-study
#11
Masafumi Kurajoh, Manabu Kadoya, Akiko Morimoto, Akio Miyoshi, Akinori Kanzaki, Miki Kakutani-Hatayama, Kae Hamamoto, Takuhito Shoji, Yuji Moriwaki, Tetsuya Yamamoto, Masaaki Inaba, Mitsuyoshi Namba, Hidenori Koyama
BACKGROUND: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been shown to have protective effects against cardiovascular diseases and death through neural and non-neural pathways via tropomyosin-related kinase B signaling. However, it is not known whether plasma BDNF concentration is a predictor of chronic kidney disease (CKD). DESIGN: This study was conducted as a prospective cohort study as part of the Hyogo Sleep Cardio-Autonomic Atherosclerosis. METHODS: We measured plasma BDNF concentration in 324 patients without CKD, defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) less than 60 ml/min/1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574288/chronotype-and-its-relationship-with-sleep-disorders-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#12
Fatma Benk Durmuş, Ayşe Rodopman Arman, Ayşe Burcu Ayaz
Chronotype can be classified as morningness types, people who prefer morning hours for their physical and mental activities; eveningness types, people who prefer the afternoon or evening hours; and intermediate types, those who show characteristics of both morningness and eveningness types. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been linked with disturbances in chronotype, particularly increased eveningness. Despite the possibility of an association between chronotypes, sleep disturbances and ADHD symptoms, there is little evidence of this association considering the child population...
June 2, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573425/night-eating-syndrome-and-its-association-with-weight-status-physical-activity-eating-habits-smoking-status-and-sleep-patterns-among-college-students
#13
Najat Yahia, Carrie Brown, Stacey Potter, Hailey Szymanski, Karen Smith, Lindsay Pringle, Christine Herman, Manuela Uribe, Zhuxuan Fu, Mei Chung, Allan Geliebter
BACKGROUND: Night eating syndrome (NES) is characterized by evening hyperphagia and/or nocturnal ingestion. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to assess the percentage of students complying with symptoms and behaviors consistent with the diagnostic criteria for NES, and explore its association with body mass index (BMI), dietary habits, physical activity, smoking status, and sleep patterns, among a sample of college students. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among a sample of 413 undergraduate students, mean age of 20...
June 2, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573263/risk-factors-associated-with-early-childhood-caries
#14
Hui Bin Sun, Wei Zhang, Xiao Bin Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To analyse factors associated with the susceptibility of early childhood caries (ECC), populations with a high risk of ECC were screened and guidance for ECC prevention was proposed. METHODS: A total of 392 children aged 24 to 71 months were selected for oral examination in Qingdao. Parents or guardians of the participants completed the questionnaires and decayed missing filled surface (dmfs) were recorded. Differences in caries condition and oral health behaviour in different families were compared...
2017: Chinese Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572891/factors-positively-influencing-health-are-associated-with-a-lower-risk-of-development-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-men-the-2007-2009-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#15
Shinhye Kim, Mi-Ra Cho, Taejong Kim, Hyoung-Ji Lim, Jae Woo Lee, Hee-Taik Kang
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) has risen rapidly worldwide, including in South Korea. Factors related to lifestyle are closely associated with the development of MetS. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between MetS and a number of factors positively influencing health, namely non-smoking, low-risk drinking, sufficient sleep, regular exercise, and the habit of reading food labels, among Korean men. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 3,869 men from the 2007-2009 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
May 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567692/bioelectrical-impedance-vector-analysis-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-on-a-low-fodmap-diet-a-pilot-study
#16
M Bellini, D Gambaccini, L Bazzichi, G Bassotti, M G Mumolo, B Fani, F Costa, A Ricchiuti, N De Bortoli, M Mosca, S Marchi, A Rossi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of a low fermentable oligo-, di- and monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAP) diet on the nutritional status and body composition, abdominal symptoms, quality of life, anxiety/depression and sleep quality of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). METHODS: Consecutive patients were given a low FODMAP diet for 8 weeks. At baseline and after 8 weeks, blood tests were taken to evaluate nutritional status and a bioelectrical impedance analysis was performed to assess body composition...
May 31, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562581/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-chronic-constipation-among-women-aged-50-years-and-older-in-shanghai-china
#17
Ling Huang, Huihong Jiang, Maoling Zhu, Baocai Wang, Minsi Tong, Huaguang Li, Mou-Bin Lin, Li Li
BACKGROUND Chronic constipation (CC) is a major public health problem worldwide, especially in elderly women. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of CC among women aged 50 years and older in Shanghai, China. MATERIAL AND METHODS A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 1950 women aged 50 years and older, randomly sampled in Yangpu District of Shanghai from April to October 2015. Information on demographic characteristics, lifestyle habits, medical history, and defecation situation was collected through in-person interviews...
May 31, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560091/a-mixed-methods-study-of-multiple-health-behaviors-among-individuals-with-stroke
#18
Matthew Plow, Shirley M Moore, Martha Sajatovic, Irene Katzan
BACKGROUND: Individuals with stroke often have multiple cardiovascular risk factors that necessitate promoting engagement in multiple health behaviors. However, observational studies of individuals with stroke have typically focused on promoting a single health behavior. Thus, there is a poor understanding of linkages between healthy behaviors and the circumstances in which factors, such as stroke impairments, may influence a single or multiple health behaviors. METHODS: We conducted a mixed methods convergent parallel study of 25 individuals with stroke to examine the relationships between stroke impairments and physical activity, sleep, and nutrition...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558488/psychoeducational-intervention-focused-on-healthy-living-improves-psychopathological-severity-and-lifestyle-quality-in-psychiatric-patients-preliminary-findings-from-a-controlled-study
#19
Francesco Saverio Bersani, Massimo Biondi, Marialuce Coviello, Andrea Fagiolini, Michele Majorana, Amedeo Minichino, Anna Carlotta Rusconi, Lucilla Vergnani, Roberto Vicinanza, Maria Antonietta Coccanari De' Fornari
BACKGROUND: Individuals with psychiatric disorders incur an increased risk of morbidity and mortality, with higher prevalence of cardio-metabolic risk factors s largely contributing to a significant reduction in life expectancy. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was at evaluating the clinical effectiveness of an educational intervention targeting lifestyle habits in patients with mood and psychotic disorders. METHODS: Patients (n = 32) were randomly assigned to receive, in addition to the pharmacological treatment, either five sessions of group psychoeducation focused on healthy lifestyle or five sessions of a control group therapy...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556891/mobile-phones-in-the-bedroom-trajectories-of-sleep-habits-and-subsequent-adolescent-psychosocial-development
#20
Lynette Vernon, Kathryn L Modecki, Bonnie L Barber
Mobile phones are an essential part of an adolescent's life, leading them to text, phone, or message into the night. Longitudinal latent growth models were used to examine relations between changes in adolescent night-time mobile phone use, changes in sleep behavior, and changes in well-being (depressed mood, externalizing behavior, self-esteem, and coping) for 1,101 students (43% male) between 13 and 16 years old. Both night-time mobile phone use and poor sleep behavior underwent positive linear growth over time...
May 29, 2017: Child Development
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