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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228153/assessment-of-axillary-temperature-for-the-evaluation-of-normal-body-temperature-of-healthy-young-adults-at-rest-in-a-thermoneutral-environment
#1
Shuri Marui, Ayaka Misawa, Yuki Tanaka, Kei Nagashima
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to (1) evaluate whether recently introduced methods of measuring axillary temperature are reliable, (2) examine if individuals know their baseline body temperature based on an actual measurement, and (3) assess the factors affecting axillary temperature and reevaluate the meaning of the axillary temperature. METHODS: Subjects were healthy young men and women (n = 76 and n = 65, respectively). Three measurements were obtained: (1) axillary temperature using a digital thermometer in a predictive mode requiring 10 s (T ax-10 s), (2) axillary temperature using a digital thermometer in a standard mode requiring 10 min (T ax-10 min), and (3) tympanic membrane temperature continuously measured by infrared thermometry (T ty)...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215256/the-association-between-chronotype-and-sleep-problems-in-preschool-children
#2
Nur K Jafar, Elaine K H Tham, Derric Z H Eng, Daniel Y T Goh, Oon-Hoe Teoh, Yung S Lee, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Fabian Yap, Yap Seng Chong, Michael J Meaney, Joshua J Gooley, Birit F P Broekman
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents and adults who are evening-types exhibit shorter sleep duration and more sleep problems than individuals with an earlier chronotype. We hypothesized that already at a preschool age, evening-types would exhibit more sleep problems relative to children who are morning or intermediate chronotypes. The aim of this study was to examine the association between chronotype and sleep problems among preschool children. METHODS: We studied a subset of typically-developing 4...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210748/risk-factors-associated-with-abdominal-obesity-in-suburban-adolescents-from-a-malaysian-district
#3
Wai Fong Chew, Pooi Pooi Leong, Sook Fan Yap, A Malik Yasmin, Kong Bung Choo, Gary Kim Kuan Low, Nem Yun Boo
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to determine the risk factors associated with abdominal obesity (AO) in suburban adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included adolescents aged 15-17 years from five randomly selected secondary schools in the Hulu Langat district of Selangor State, Malaysia. Waist circumference (WC) was measured at the midpoint between the lower margin of last palpable rib and the top of iliac crest. Information on sociodemographic data, dietary habits, physical activity levels and duration of sleep was obtained via interviewer-administered questionnaires...
February 17, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198036/sleep-disruption-and-duration-in-late-pregnancy-is-associated-with-excess-gestational-weight-gain-among-overweight-and-obese-women
#4
Caryl L Gay, Sarah E Richoux, Kathleen R Beebe, Kathryn A Lee
BACKGROUND: Poor sleep during pregnancy has been associated with poorer birth outcomes. High body mass index (BMI) is often associated with poor sleep, but little is known about the relationship between gestational weight gain and sleep in late pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationships of both gestational weight gain and pre-pregnancy BMI to objective and subjective measures of sleep during late pregnancy. METHODS: Pregnant women (n=128) were recruited from prenatal clinics and childbirth classes primarily serving low-income women...
February 15, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192891/sleep-duration-and-chronic-kidney-disease-the-korean-genome-and-epidemiology-study-koges-kangwha-study
#5
Hansol Choi, Hyeon Chang Kim, Joo Young Lee, Ju-Mi Lee, Dong Phil Choi, Il Suh
Background/Aims: Sleep duration affects health in various ways. The objective of this study was to investigate the associations of sleep duration with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a Korean adult population. Methods: This cross-sectional analysis was conducted for total of 1,360 participants who completed baseline health examinations for the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study-Kangwha study in 2010 to 2011. Sleep habits were measured by an interviewer-assisted questionnaire...
February 15, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190825/excessive-game-playing-is-associated-with-poor-toothbrushing-behavior-among-athletic-children-a-cross-sectional-study-in-miyagi-japan
#6
Masahiro Tsuchiya, Haruki Momma, Takuya Sekiguchi, Kaoru Kuroki, Kenji Kanazawa, Makoto Watanabe, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Ryoichi Nagatomi
Dental problems among athletes have been cautioned due to negative impacts not only on their oral health but also on athletic performance. Acquirement of appropriate oral health behavior mainly composed of toothbrushing in childhood can be one of the most important strategies for advancing children's athletic possibilities. Although habits of screen viewing, including game playing, and TV viewing have direct impacts on children's health and behavioral development, little is known about the association between these habits and toothbrushing frequency...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186930/protective-factors-for-child-development-at-age-2-in-the-presence-of-poor-maternal-mental-health-results-from-the-all-our-babies-aob-pregnancy-cohort
#7
Sheila W McDonald, Heather L Kehler, Suzanne C Tough
OBJECTIVE: To identify the combination of factors most protective of developmental delay at age 2 among children exposed to poor maternal mental health. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: Pregnant women were recruited from primary healthcare offices, the public health laboratory service and community posters in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: 1596 mother-child dyads who participated in the All Our Babies study and who completed a follow-up questionnaire when their child was 2 years old...
November 10, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181512/sleep-habits-academic-performance-and-the-adolescent-brain-structure
#8
Anna S Urrila, Eric Artiges, Jessica Massicotte, Ruben Miranda, Hélène Vulser, Pauline Bézivin-Frere, Winok Lapidaire, Hervé Lemaître, Jani Penttilä, Patricia J Conrod, Hugh Garavan, Marie-Laure Paillère Martinot, Jean-Luc Martinot
Here we report the first and most robust evidence about how sleep habits are associated with regional brain grey matter volumes and school grade average in early adolescence. Shorter time in bed during weekdays, and later weekend sleeping hours correlate with smaller brain grey matter volumes in frontal, anterior cingulate, and precuneus cortex regions. Poor school grade average associates with later weekend bedtime and smaller grey matter volumes in medial brain regions. The medial prefrontal - anterior cingulate cortex appears most tightly related to the adolescents' variations in sleep habits, as its volume correlates inversely with both weekend bedtime and wake up time, and also with poor school performance...
February 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166129/effect-of-a-5-month-worksite-physical-activity-program-on-tertiary-employees-overall-health-and-fitness
#9
Pauline Manon Genin, Fabrice Degoutte, Julien Finaud, Bruno Pereira, David Thivel, Martine Duclos
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study questions the effects of a worksite physical activity program on health and fitness in tertiary employees. METHODS: Ninety-five employees were randomly assigned to Control (CON); Novice (NOV); Experienced group (EXP). The NOV and EXP groups followed a 5-month worksite physical activity program (at least two sessions/week). Body composition, physical activity level and physical fitness, eating habits, health perception, sleep quality, pain, and quality of life were assessed...
February 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155241/effects-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-signs-and-socio-economic-status-on-sleep-bruxism-and-tooth-wear-among-schoolchildren-structural-equation-modelling-approach
#10
Isabella Mota-Veloso, Roger Keller Celeste, Cynthia Pimenta Fonseca, Maria Eliza Consolação Soares, Leandro Silva Marques, Maria Letícia Ramos-Jorge, Joana Ramos-Jorge
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of both bruxism and attention deficit hyperactivity (ADHD) has increased in recent years. AIM: This study evaluated the direct and indirect effects of signs of ADHD, reported by parents/caregivers and teachers, with sleep bruxism. In addition, this study explores the effects of socio-economic status (SES) on sleep bruxism. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study was performed in Diamantina, Brazil, with 851 randomly selected schoolchildren aged 6-12 years...
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153210/sleep-habits-circadian-preference-and-school-performance-in-early-adolescents
#11
Paolo M Russo, Valeria Biasi, Carlo Cipolli, Luca Mallia, Elisa Caponera
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to cast light on the relationships between sleep habits, perceived sleep problems and school performance in Evening-type (E-type) compared with Morning-type (M-type) early adolescents. METHODS: Comparison of questionnaire data of E-type and M-type adolescents random-selected from a large sample of eight-grade adolescents who took part in a national survey of competence in mathematics and science. RESULTS: The proportions of sleep problems that were observed to occur more than once per week and the frequency of struggling to fall asleep and/or falling asleep in distinct everyday situations were much higher in E-type than in M-type adolescents...
January 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133993/a-healthy-diet-optimal-sleep-lifestyle-pattern-is-inversely-associated-with-liver-stiffness-and-insulin-resistance-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#12
Christina N Katsagoni, George V Papatheodoridis, Maria-Vasiliki Papageorgiou, Panagiota Ioannidou, Melanie Deutsch, Alexandra Alexopoulou, Nikolaos Papadopoulos, Elisabeth Fragopoulou, Meropi D Kontogianni
Several lifestyle habits have been described as risk factors for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Given that both healthy and unhealthy habits tend to cluster, the aim of this study was to identify lifestyle patterns and explore their potential associations with clinical characteristics of individuals with NAFLD. One hundred and thirty-six consecutive patients with ultrasound-proven NAFLD were included. Diet and physical activity level were assessed through appropriate questionnaires. Habitual night sleep hours and duration of midday naps were recorded...
November 8, 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133692/the-association-between-body-mass-index-and-academic-performance
#13
Khaled A Alswat, Abdullah D Al-Shehri, Tariq A Aljuaid, Bassam A Alzaidi, Hassan D Alasmari
To examine the relation between body mass index (BMI) and the academic performance of students from Taif city, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) using the grade point average (GPA). Method: A cross-sectional study that includes students from intermediate and high schools located in Taif city, KSA between April 2014 and June 2015. Height and weight were measured and BMI calculated. Related risk factors including dietary habits, activity, parent's education, sleeping pattern, and smoking were recorded.  Result: A total of 14 schools included 424 students...
February 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132971/effects-of-a-wearable-type-lumbosacral-support-for-low-back-pain-among-hospital-workers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Yutaka Yabe, Hiroyuki Yamada, Takashi Watanabe, Kenji Kanazawa, Masashi Koide, Takuya Sekiguchi, Hirokazu Hatano, Eiji Itoi
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of a new wearable type of lumbosacral support on low back pain. METHODS: A total of 121 healthcare workers participated in this study. They were randomly allocated into the experimental and control groups and the former wore the support with signals of compression on the back by poor posture for the first 3 months. The control group remained on a waiting list for the first 3 months. Medical history, musculoskeletal symptoms, feeling in good posture, sleep habits, psychological distress, Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire, and Somatosensory Amplification Scale (SSAS) were evaluated...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132969/health-related-behaviors-associated-with-subjective-sleep-insufficiency-in-japanese-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Makoto Kageyama, Keiichi Odagiri, Isagi Mizuta, Makoto Yamamoto, Keiko Yamaga, Takako Hirano, Kazue Onoue, Akihiko Uehara
ObjectivesSleep disturbances are related to somatic and mental disorders, industrial accidents, absenteeism, and retirement because of disability. We aimed to identify health-related behaviors associated with subjective sleep insufficiency in Japanese workers.MethodsThis cross-sectional study included 5,297 employees (mean age: 43.6 ± 11.3 years; 4,039 men). Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to identify health-related behaviors associated with subjective sleep insufficiency.ResultsOverall, 28...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123659/sleep-patterns-co-sleeping-and-parent-s-perception-of-sleep-among-school-children-comparison-of-domicile-and-gender
#16
Ravi Gupta, Sunil Dutt Kandpal, Deepak Goel, Nidhi Mittal, Mohan Dhyani, Manish Mittal
: This study was aimed at assessment of sleep schedule, pre-sleep behavior, co-sleeping and parent's perception of sleep of school going children. METHOD: Four schools each, from urban and rural area were included. Sleep patterns were assessed using the validated Hindi version of Childhood-Sleep-Habit-Questionnaire. Comparison was made between urban and rural group and between boys and girls. Interaction of gender, domicile and school-type was examined on the sleep patterns...
July 2016: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123653/good-daily-habits-during-the-early-stages-of-life-determine-success-throughout-life
#17
REVIEW
Jun Kohyama
This paper assesses hypothesis that sufficient sleep duration and proper circadian rhythms during the early stages of life are indispensable to a successful life. Successful life was defined according to the famous cohort studies of Mischel's and Dunedin. To assess the hypothesis, neuronal elements presumably affecting early daily habits and successful life are reviewed. The effect of sufficient sleep duration and proper circadian rhythms during early stages of life on the development of the prefrontal cortex has been found to be the key issue to verify the hypothesis...
July 2016: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120145/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-individual-components-among-midwestern-university-students
#18
Najat Yahia, Carrie A Brown, Ericka Snyder, Stephanie Cumper, Andrea Langolf, Chelsey Trayer, Chelsea Green
Michigan has the 17th highest adult obesity rate in the United States. Among college-aged adults between 18 and 25 years old, the rate of obesity was 11.6%. Obesity is a key precedent for the development of metabolic syndrome. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its individual components among a sample of students at Central Michigan University. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 462 students, aged 18-25 years, in Spring 2015 and Fall/Spring 2016 semesters...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118947/living-status-economic-hardship-and-sleep-disturbance-were-associated-with-subjective-shoulder-pain-in-survivors-of-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Takuya Sekiguchi, Yutaka Yabe, Yumi Sugawara, Takashi Watanabe, Kenji Kanazawa, Masashi Koide, Nobuyuki Itaya, Masahiro Tsuchiya, Ichiro Tsuji, Eiji Itoi
BACKGROUND: The Great East Japan Earthquake and devastating Tsunami hit hard everything on the northeastern coast of Japan. This study aimed to determine socio-psychological factors for "subjective shoulder pain" of the survivors at 2 years evaluated by a self-report questionnaire. METHODS: Between November 2012 to February 2013, survivors replied to the self-report questionnaire, and 2275 people consented to join this study. Living status was divided into 5 categories (1...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107042/association-between-depressive-symptoms-and-morningness-eveningness-sleep-duration-and-rotating-shift-work-in-japanese-nurses
#20
Fumiharu Togo, Takahiro Yoshizaki, Taiki Komatsu
Higher depressive symptoms have been reported in rotating shift workers compared with day workers. Depressive symptoms in adults who do not engage in night work have also been shown to be associated with chronotype and sleep duration. This study examines associations between depressive symptoms, morningness-eveningness (i.e. the degree to which people prefer to be active in the morning or the evening), sleep duration and rotating shift work. Japanese nurses (1252 day workers and 1780 rotating shift workers, aged 20-59) were studied using a self-administered questionnaire...
January 20, 2017: Chronobiology International
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