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enuresis adhd

Bernhard Haid, Serdar Tekgül
CONTEXT: Enuresis is a common and possibly underestimated condition. While 5-10% of school-aged children suffer from the condition, a lack of background knowledge may impede timely child-adapted and successful therapy. OBJECTIVE: To provide a comprehensive overview of the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of enuresis. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Guideline and position papers from the European Society of Pediatric Urology, the European Association of Urology, and the International Children's Continence Society were acquired...
April 2017: European Urology Focus
Larisa Kovacevic, Cortney Wolfe-Christensen, Aliza Rizwan, Hong Lu, Yegappan Lakshmanan
INTRODUCTION: There is ongoing debate about whether nocturnal enuresis (NE) is affected by the presence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. Clarifying this relationship could categorize them as a separate entity, potentially requiring a different management from enuretic children without ADHD. AIMS: To study whether (1) children with ADHD exhibited greater severity of enuresis and associated voiding symptoms compared with children without ADHD, (2) whether there was a difference in enuretic response to treatment between children with/without ADHD, (3) whether previously prescribed medication for ADHD affected severity of enuresis or voiding symptoms, and response to treatment...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Anna Linda Lamanna, Francesco Craig, Emilia Matera, Marta Simone, Maura Buttiglione, Lucia Margari
Over the years, several authors have reported symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in patients with autism spectrum disorders (ASD); however, studies on the risk factors of ADHD symptoms in children with ASD are lacking. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to identify the risk factors for the development of ADHD symptoms in children with ASD. The sample consisted of 67 children with ASD who were assessed with Conner's Parent Rating Scale-Revised (CPRS-R), and with a semi-structured detailed interview administered to parents, to collect a series of clinical data such as coexisting somatic and neuropsychiatric problems and familial and pre/peri/postpartum risk factors...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Mary Oluwatosin Adefalu, Mosunmola Florence Tunde-Ayinmode, Baba Awoye Issa, Adewole Adebola Adefalu, Seleemat Ajoke Adepoju
Introduction: Children with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are living longer with the infection and are at risk of different complications. We assessed for the prevalence of and associated factors for psychiatric morbidity among HIV-infected children in a tertiary facility in Ilorin, Nigeria. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional, two-staged study involving 196 HIV-positive children (6-17 years). A semi-structured questionnaire and psychological instruments were used for the study...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
Pietro Ferrara, Valeria Sannicandro, Francesca Ianniello, Enrica Quattrocchi, Annamaria Sbordone, Tommasangelo Petitti, Paolo Mariotti
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effectiveness of treatment with methylphenidate or desmopressin (dDAVP) in patients with comorbid ADHD and enuresis. METHODS: We enrolled 103 patients affected by ADHD and 125 patients with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (NE). Data were collected between January 2014 and December 2015. The study was carried out in compliance with the Helsinki Declaration. RESULTS: About children with ADHD, 9/103 (8,7%) were also suffering from NE; of those 8/9 followed treatment with methylphenidate and cognitive behavioral therapy...
March 3, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
Ellen M Kessel, Anna E S Allmann, Brandon L Goldstein, Megan Finsaas, Lea R Dougherty, Sara J Bufferd, Gabrielle A Carlson, Daniel N Klein
OBJECTIVE: Although enuresis is relatively common in early childhood, research exploring its antecedents and implications is surprisingly limited, perhaps because the condition typically remits in middle childhood. METHOD: We examined the prevalence, predictors, prognostic factors, and outcomes of primary enuresis in a large (N = 559) multi-method, multi-informant prospective study with a community-based sample of children followed from age 3 years to age 9 years...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Shahrokh Amiri, Ali Reza Shafiee-Kandjani, Roghayeh Naghinezhad, Sara Farhang, Salman Abdi
PURPOSE: The present study was conducted with the aim of identifying the frequency of comorbid psychiatricdisorders in children and adolescents with nocturnal enuresis (NE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this descriptive-analytical study, 183 children and adolescents aged 5-18 years withNE referred to psychiatric clinics at Tabriz University of Medical Sciences were selected in 2015. A structuredclinical diagnostic interview, the kiddie-schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia (K-SADS), was employedbased on the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-IV-TR) for the diagnosis of NEand comorbid psychiatric disorders...
January 18, 2017: Urology Journal
Jeng-Dau Tsai, I-Chung Wang, Hsuan-Ju Chen, Ji-Nan Sheu, Tsai-Chung Li, Henry J Tsai, Chang-Ching Wei
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and nocturnal enuresis are common disorders with extensive psychosocial suffering in affected children, and healthcare burden on parents. Whether the childhood psychological disorders and nocturnal enuresis are factors contributing to ADHD have not been clearly established. This study conducted a population-based case-control study using data sets from the National Health Research Insurance database, and identified 14 900 children diagnosed with ADHD. Risk factors that have been associated with or possibly related to ADHD development were included in this study...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
Yoshiyuki Ohtomo
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that incontinence and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) coexist and there is an interaction between them. The treatment for nocturnal enuresis (NE) and ADHD, however, has not been established. METHODS: At the first visit to the outpatient clinic, physical examination and history taking were carried out in 265 new patients with NE. After excluding the possibility of comorbid ADHD and related disorders, patients with monosymptomatic NE (MNE) were treated with desmopressin and/or alarm, and those with non-monosymptomatic NE (NMNE) were treated with anti-cholinergics and/or alarm...
February 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Aaron Berkenwald, Jacqueline Pires, Pamela Ellsworth
INTRODUCTION: Nocturnal enuresis is a common pediatric condition with limited treatment options. In older children, pharmacologic therapy is often the preferred treatment. Pharmacologic therapies including desmopressin (DDAVP) or imipramine are effective in 40-50% of children. However, imipramine has serious safety concerns. Desmopressin in combination with a fixed dose anticholinergic has been shown to be useful in individuals who fail desmopressin monotherapy, but still fails to achieve success rates greater than 60%...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Nicole D Jameson, Brooke K Sheppard, Tarannum M Lateef, Jennifer L Vande Voort, Jian-Ping He, Kathleen Ries Merikangas
Understanding patterns of medical comorbidity in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may lead to better treatment of affected individuals as well as aid in etiologic study of disease. This article provides the first systematic evaluation on the medical comorbidity of ADHD in a nationally representative sample (National Comorbidity Replication Survey-Adolescent Supplement; N = 6483) using formal diagnostic criteria. Survey-weighted odds ratios adjusted for demographics, additional medical, and mental disorders were calculated for associations between ADHD and medical conditions...
October 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
Assaf Berger, Michael Findler, Dror Maymon, Tzfanya Korach, Oshrat Fono Yativ, Yoav Gronovich, Ayal Hassidim
Color vision deficiency has been associated with educational difficulties among male children, as well as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We examined the association of color vision deficiency with functional conditions, including ADHD, irritable bowel syndrome, enuresis and somatoform disorders, in a large population of male adolescents. We included all Israeli male adolescents that underwent medical and cognitive examinations during conscription between the years 2007 and 2013. The prevalence of ADHD, irritable bowel syndrome, enuresis, and somatoform disorders among color vision deficiency patients was compared to a control group...
September 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
Fariba Arabghol, Firooze Derakhshanpour, Rozita Davari Ashtiyani, Narges Chimeh, Layli Panaghi
BACKGROUND: Child abuse is a phenomenon that confronts the child, family, and society with irretrievable physical and mental injuries, and its negative effects continue until adulthood. OBJECTIVES: The present study was conducted to identify and evaluate cases of abused children at a medical center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a descriptive-analytic study. The subjects were all children and adolescents who were referred to Imam Hussein hospital within 6 months due to physical or psychiatric reasons and were diagnosed with child abuse and neglect by a child and adolescent psychiatrist...
March 2016: International Journal of High Risk Behaviors & Addiction
Chieko Tsubomatsu, Tomoko Shintani, Ayumi Abe, Ryoto Yajima, Nozomi Takahashi, Fumie Ito, Kenichi Takano, Tetsuo Himi
Sleep is important for children pertaining to their physical and mental growth. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in children has been shown to have different effects as compared to OSAS in adults, including deficits in cognition and neuropsychological functions, hyperactivity, ADHD, behavior problems, aggressive behavior, learning problems and nocturnal enuresis. Hypertrophy of the adenoids and tonsils is a major cause of OSAS in children; therefore, adenotonsillectomy may decrease the effects of OSAS pertaining to physical and mental growth...
2016: Advances in Oto-rhino-laryngology
Simone Nascimento Fagundes, Leticia Azevedo Soster, Adrienne Surri Lebl, Rita Pavione Rodrigues Pereira, Clarice Tanaka, Rodrigo Fernando Pereira, Edwiges Ferreira de Mattos Silvares, Vera H Koch
BACKGROUND: Enuresis (NE) is a clinical condition of multifactorial etiology that leads to difficulties in child/adolescent social interaction. METHODS: This was a prospective study on the impact of multidisciplinary assessment of 6- to 17-year-old patients with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE), including a structured history, clinical/neurological examination, bladder and bowel diaries, sleep diary and questionnaires, psychological evaluation [Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and PedsQL 4...
August 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Parsa Yousefichaijan, Mojtaba Sharafkhah, Bahman Salehi, Mohammad Rafiei
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood neurological disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate ADHD in children with primary monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (PMNE) and compare it with healthy children. A total of 100 five to 16-year-old children with PMNE and 100 healthy children without NE were included in this case-control study as the cases and control groups, respectively. Subjects were selected from children who were referred to the pediatric clinic of the Amir Kabir Hospital of Arak, Iran, based on inclusion and exclusion criteria...
January 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Battal Tahsin Somuk, Hasan Bozkurt, Göksel Göktaş, Osman Demir, Levent Gürbüzler, Ahmet Eyibilen
OBJECTIVE: Children with chronic adenotonsillar hypertrophy (CAH) are more likely to have symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and enuresis nocturna (EN) and benefit from surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of adenotonsillectomy on ADHD and EN symptoms in children with CAH. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study was conducted. SETTING: Parent-based questionnaires. METHODS: Parents of children with CAH were given Turgay DSM-IV Based Child and Adolescent Behavior Disorders Screening and Rating Scale (T-DSM-IV) and Nocturnal Enuresis Questionnaire (NEQ) before and six months after adenotonsillectomy...
January 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
F Catal, E Topal, N Soylu, O Ozel Ozcan, M H Celiksoy, A Babayiğit, H T E Karakoç, D Erge, R Sancak
BACKGROUND: To compare with a control group the frequency of psychiatric disorders and severity of psychiatric symptoms in preschool children with atopic eczema. METHODS: The study included children between the ages of 3-5 who were diagnosed to have atopic eczema. The parents of the children with atopic eczema were interviewed in person and were asked to fill in "The Early Childhood Inventory-4" form. This form assesses the psychiatric disorders and symptoms severity in children between the ages of 3-5...
March 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
C Van Herzeele, K Dhondt, S P Roels, A Raes, L-A Groen, P Hoebeke, J Vande Walle
INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND: There is a high comorbidity demonstrated in the literature between nocturnal enuresis and several neuropsychological dysfunctions, with special emphasis on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, the majority of the psychological studies did not include full non-invasive screening and failed to differentiate between monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE) and non-MNE patients. OBJECTIVE: The present study primarily aimed to investigate the association between nocturnal enuresis and (neuro)psychological functioning in a selective homogeneous patient group, namely: children with MNE and associated nocturnal polyuria (NP)...
August 2015: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Charlotte Van Herzeele, Pauline De Bruyne, Elke De Bruyne, Johan Vande Walle
The evidence for organic pathogenetic factors in enuresis and the discovery of effective therapies targeting the bladder and/or nocturnal diuresis have overwhelmed every potential role of psychological factors in pathogenesis and treatment. However, psychopathology is still important in enuresis because according to the document of the International Children's Continence Society (ICCS) 20-30% of the children with enuresis have at least one psychological/psychiatric disorder at rates two times higher than non-wetting children...
December 2015: Journal of Pediatric Urology
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