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enuresis adhd

Jeng-Dau Tsai, I-Chung Wang, Hsuan-Ju Chen, Ji-Nan Sheu, Tsai-Chung Li, Henry J Tsai, Chang-Ching Wei
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and nocturnal enuresis are common disorders with extensive psychosocial suffering in affected children, and healthcare burden on parents. Whether the childhood psychological disorders and nocturnal enuresis are factors contributing to ADHD have not been clearly established. This study conducted a population-based case-control study using data sets from the National Health Research Insurance database, and identified 14 900 children diagnosed with ADHD. Risk factors that have been associated with or possibly related to ADHD development were included in this study...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
Yoshiyuki Ohtomo
BACKGROUND: Recent studies showed that incontinence and ADHD co-exist and interact each other. However, the treatment for the patients with nocturnal enuresis (NE) and ADHD has not been established. METHODS: At the first visits to the outpatient clinic, we routinely performed the careful physical examination and history taking in 265 new patients with NE. After having been excluded the possibility of comorbid ADHD and related disorders, patients with MNE (monosymptomatic NE) were treated with desmopressin and/or alarm and those with NMNE (non-monosymptomatic NE) were treated with anti-cholinergics and/or alarm...
August 8, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Aaron Berkenwald, Jacqueline Pires, Pamela Ellsworth
INTRODUCTION: Nocturnal enuresis is a common pediatric condition with limited treatment options. In older children, pharmacologic therapy is often the preferred treatment. Pharmacologic therapies including desmopressin (DDAVP) or imipramine are effective in 40-50% of children. However, imipramine has serious safety concerns. Desmopressin in combination with a fixed dose anticholinergic has been shown to be useful in individuals who fail desmopressin monotherapy, but still fails to achieve success rates greater than 60%...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Nicole D Jameson, Brooke K Sheppard, Tarannum M Lateef, Jennifer L Vande Voort, Jian-Ping He, Kathleen Ries Merikangas
Understanding patterns of medical comorbidity in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may lead to better treatment of affected individuals as well as aid in etiologic study of disease. This article provides the first systematic evaluation on the medical comorbidity of ADHD in a nationally representative sample (National Comorbidity Replication Survey-Adolescent Supplement; N = 6483) using formal diagnostic criteria. Survey-weighted odds ratios adjusted for demographics, additional medical, and mental disorders were calculated for associations between ADHD and medical conditions...
October 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
Assaf Berger, Michael Findler, Dror Maymon, Tzfanya Korach, Oshrat Fono Yativ, Yoav Gronovich, Ayal Hassidim
Color vision deficiency has been associated with educational difficulties among male children, as well as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We examined the association of color vision deficiency with functional conditions, including ADHD, irritable bowel syndrome, enuresis and somatoform disorders, in a large population of male adolescents. We included all Israeli male adolescents that underwent medical and cognitive examinations during conscription between the years 2007 and 2013. The prevalence of ADHD, irritable bowel syndrome, enuresis, and somatoform disorders among color vision deficiency patients was compared to a control group...
September 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
Fariba Arabghol, Firooze Derakhshanpour, Rozita Davari Ashtiyani, Narges Chimeh, Layli Panaghi
BACKGROUND: Child abuse is a phenomenon that confronts the child, family, and society with irretrievable physical and mental injuries, and its negative effects continue until adulthood. OBJECTIVES: The present study was conducted to identify and evaluate cases of abused children at a medical center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a descriptive-analytic study. The subjects were all children and adolescents who were referred to Imam Hussein hospital within 6 months due to physical or psychiatric reasons and were diagnosed with child abuse and neglect by a child and adolescent psychiatrist...
March 2016: International Journal of High Risk Behaviors & Addiction
Chieko Tsubomatsu, Tomoko Shintani, Ayumi Abe, Ryoto Yajima, Nozomi Takahashi, Fumie Ito, Kenichi Takano, Tetsuo Himi
Sleep is important for children pertaining to their physical and mental growth. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in children has been shown to have different effects as compared to OSAS in adults, including deficits in cognition and neuropsychological functions, hyperactivity, ADHD, behavior problems, aggressive behavior, learning problems and nocturnal enuresis. Hypertrophy of the adenoids and tonsils is a major cause of OSAS in children; therefore, adenotonsillectomy may decrease the effects of OSAS pertaining to physical and mental growth...
2016: Advances in Oto-rhino-laryngology
Simone Nascimento Fagundes, Leticia Azevedo Soster, Adrienne Surri Lebl, Rita Pavione Rodrigues Pereira, Clarice Tanaka, Rodrigo Fernando Pereira, Edwiges Ferreira de Mattos Silvares, Vera H Koch
BACKGROUND: Enuresis (NE) is a clinical condition of multifactorial etiology that leads to difficulties in child/adolescent social interaction. METHODS: This was a prospective study on the impact of multidisciplinary assessment of 6- to 17-year-old patients with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE), including a structured history, clinical/neurological examination, bladder and bowel diaries, sleep diary and questionnaires, psychological evaluation [Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and PedsQL 4...
August 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Parsa Yousefichaijan, Mojtaba Sharafkhah, Bahman Salehi, Mohammad Rafiei
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood neurological disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate ADHD in children with primary monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (PMNE) and compare it with healthy children. A total of 100 five to 16-year-old children with PMNE and 100 healthy children without NE were included in this case-control study as the cases and control groups, respectively. Subjects were selected from children who were referred to the pediatric clinic of the Amir Kabir Hospital of Arak, Iran, based on inclusion and exclusion criteria...
January 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Battal Tahsin Somuk, Hasan Bozkurt, Göksel Göktaş, Osman Demir, Levent Gürbüzler, Ahmet Eyibilen
OBJECTIVE: Children with chronic adenotonsillar hypertrophy (CAH) are more likely to have symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and enuresis nocturna (EN) and benefit from surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of adenotonsillectomy on ADHD and EN symptoms in children with CAH. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study was conducted. SETTING: Parent-based questionnaires. METHODS: Parents of children with CAH were given Turgay DSM-IV Based Child and Adolescent Behavior Disorders Screening and Rating Scale (T-DSM-IV) and Nocturnal Enuresis Questionnaire (NEQ) before and six months after adenotonsillectomy...
January 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
F Catal, E Topal, N Soylu, O Ozel Ozcan, M H Celiksoy, A Babayiğit, H T E Karakoç, D Erge, R Sancak
BACKGROUND: To compare with a control group the frequency of psychiatric disorders and severity of psychiatric symptoms in preschool children with atopic eczema. METHODS: The study included children between the ages of 3-5 who were diagnosed to have atopic eczema. The parents of the children with atopic eczema were interviewed in person and were asked to fill in "The Early Childhood Inventory-4" form. This form assesses the psychiatric disorders and symptoms severity in children between the ages of 3-5...
March 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
C Van Herzeele, K Dhondt, S P Roels, A Raes, L-A Groen, P Hoebeke, J Vande Walle
INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND: There is a high comorbidity demonstrated in the literature between nocturnal enuresis and several neuropsychological dysfunctions, with special emphasis on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, the majority of the psychological studies did not include full non-invasive screening and failed to differentiate between monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE) and non-MNE patients. OBJECTIVE: The present study primarily aimed to investigate the association between nocturnal enuresis and (neuro)psychological functioning in a selective homogeneous patient group, namely: children with MNE and associated nocturnal polyuria (NP)...
August 2015: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Charlotte Van Herzeele, Pauline De Bruyne, Elke De Bruyne, Johan Vande Walle
The evidence for organic pathogenetic factors in enuresis and the discovery of effective therapies targeting the bladder and/or nocturnal diuresis have overwhelmed every potential role of psychological factors in pathogenesis and treatment. However, psychopathology is still important in enuresis because according to the document of the International Children's Continence Society (ICCS) 20-30% of the children with enuresis have at least one psychological/psychiatric disorder at rates two times higher than non-wetting children...
December 2015: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Chunsong Yang, Zilong Hao, Ling-Li Zhang, Qin Guo
In recent years, acupuncture has increasingly being integrated into pediatric health care. It was used on ~150,000 children (0.2%). We aim to update the evidence for the efficacy and safety of acupuncture for children and evaluate the methodological qualities of these studies to improve future research in this area. We included 24 systematic reviews, comprising 142 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with 12,787 participants. Only 25% (6/24) reviews were considered to be high quality (10.00 ± 0.63). High-quality systematic reviews and Cochrane systematic reviews tend to yield neutral or negative results (P = 0...
August 2015: Pediatric Research
Hatice Aksu, Ceren Günel, Börte Gürbüz Özgür, Ali Toka, Sema Başak
OBJECTIVES: In children, the most common reason of upper airway obstruction (UAO) is adenotonsillar hypertrophy. In literature, the adverse effects of UAO and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome on behavior and attention in children have been reported in several articles. However, the methods used for the evaluation of behavioral disorders have not been standardized in those studies. The aim of this study was to investigate the behavioral and attention characteristics of children before and after adenoidectomy/adenotonsillectomy using an internationally valid method...
July 2015: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Teng-Kai Yang, Ya-Jun Guo, Hong-Chiang Chang, Hung-Ju Yang, Kuo-How Huang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of presence of desmopressin in treating primary enuresis (PE) for children with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children aged from 5 to 12 years with the chief complaint of PE treated with desmopressin were enrolled in pediatric urology clinics. The parent-reported SNAP-IV questionnaire was used to evaluate ADHD symptoms (cut-off value: 90th percentile). Voiding symptoms were assessed by the Dysfunctional Voiding Scoring System (DVSS) questionnaire...
2015: TheScientificWorldJournal
Najla J Alhraiwil, Anna Ali, Mowafa S Househ, Ali M Al-Shehri, Ashraf A El-Metwally
OBJECTIVE: To assess the epidemiology of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in Arab countries, and identify gaps for future research. METHODS: We searched PubMed from July 1978 to July 2014 and reviewed local journals with cross-referencing. The keywords we used were ADHD, diagnosis, prevalence, incidence, factor, diagnosis, rate, risk, and each of the names of the 22 Arab countries (Jordan, Egypt, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, and so on). Studies were eligible for inclusion if they investigated the epidemiology of ADHD in any Arab country, and were published in English...
April 2015: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
J Niemczyk, M Equit, L Hoffmann, A von Gontard
INTRODUCTION: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and incontinence (nocturnal enuresis, daytime urinary incontinence and fecal incontinence) are common disorders in childhood. Both disorders are strongly associated with each other. OBJECTIVE: ADHD can affect compliance to incontinence therapy in a negative way; it can also affect outcome. The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence of incontinence, age of bladder and bowel control, and psychological symptoms in children having treatment for ADHD compared to a control group...
June 2015: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Samuel T Gontkovsky
Research suggests a higher prevalence of coexisting behavioural disorders, particularly Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), among children with enuresis in comparison to the general population. Studies generally have consisted of participants attending general paediatric medical clinics as opposed to facilities specialising in the treatment of psychiatric disorders. This descriptive investigation examined the frequency of enuresis and its psychiatric comorbidities among 363 children and adolescents referred for outpatient clinical psychological evaluation during a 12-month period...
June 2011: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Esther Cardo, Marta Amengual-Gual
AIM: To determine whether attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with other prevalent medical pathologies of the paediatric age. DEVELOPMENT: Several paediatric pathologies were selected with the aim of reviewing their association with ADHD: in paediatric pulmonology, asthma and other allergic processes; in paediatric neurology, headache and febrile seizures; in paediatric gastroenterology, diarrhoea, constipation, abdominal pain, gastroesophageal reflux and infection by Helicobacter pylori; in paediatric nephrology, enuresis; in paediatric cardiology, bruits and congenital heart disease; in paediatric endocrinology, thyroid disorders and obesity; and in paediatric ophthalmology, ametropia and strabismus...
February 25, 2015: Revista de Neurologia
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