Read by QxMD icon Read


A Echeverri, J Naranjo-Escobar, I Posso-Osorio, D Aguirre-Valencia, D Zambrano, G L Castaño, J D Martínez, C A Cañas, G J Tobón
Background/Objective Differentiating systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) activity from infections in febrile patients is difficult because of similar initial clinical presentation. The aim of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of a number of biomarkers for differentiating infections from activity in SLE patients admitted with systemic inflammatory response (SIRS). Methods Patients with SLE and SIRS admitted to the emergency room were included in this study. Measurements of different markers including procalcitonin, neutrophil CD64 expression and presepsin, were performed...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
Song Chen, Qiongmei Yang, Jingru Liu, Huifang Huang, Mingxia Shi, Xiaoming Feng
Alveolar macrophages (AMs) are pivotal for maintaining the lung homeostasis, but how the development and function of AMs regulated remains largely unknown. In the present study, we demonstrated that the number of AMs was controlled by the Tsc1 protein. Cd11c-specific deletion of Tsc1 caused inefficient transition from pre-AMs to AMs in lung, which led to a great reduction of AM population. Ablation of Tsc1 downregulated the expression of surface marker CD64 and SiglecF on AMs. We further showed that conditional knockout of Tsc1 led to enhanced proliferation and increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and phagocytosis in AMs...
March 6, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Daniëlle Vaartjes, Kutty Selva Nandakumar, Rikard Holmdahl, Bruno Raposo
High salt consumption has since long been associated with elevated blood pressure and cardiovascular disease. Recently, mouse studies suggested that a high dietary salt intake exacerbates the clinical manifestations of autoimmunity. Using naïve cells ex vivo after pre-exposure of mice to high salt intake, we show that increased salt exposure affects the viability and effector functions of immune cells. CD4+ T cells evidenced a pro-inflammatory phenotype characterized by increased secretion of IFNγ and IL-17A, when exposed to high salt concentrations in vitro...
March 7, 2018: Immunology
Anna Baranska, Alaa Shawket, Mabel Jouve, Myriam Baratin, Camille Malosse, Odessa Voluzan, Thien-Phong Vu Manh, Frédéric Fiore, Marc Bajénoff, Philippe Benaroch, Marc Dalod, Marie Malissen, Sandrine Henri, Bernard Malissen
Here we describe a new mouse model that exploits the pattern of expression of the high-affinity IgG receptor (CD64) and allows diphtheria toxin (DT)-mediated ablation of tissue-resident macrophages and monocyte-derived cells. We found that the myeloid cells of the ear skin dermis are dominated by DT-sensitive, melanin-laden cells that have been missed in previous studies and correspond to macrophages that have ingested melanosomes from neighboring melanocytes. Those cells have been referred to as melanophages in humans...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Experimental Medicine
Xin Qing, Annie Qing, Ping Ji, Samuel W French, Holli Mason
BACKGROUND: Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is a myeloproliferative disorder characterized by the Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome generated by the reciprocal translocation t(9,22)(q34;q11). The natural progression of the disease follows a biphasic or triphasic course. Most cases of CML are diagnosed in the chronic phase. Extramedullary blast crisis rarely occurs during the course of CML, and is extremely rare as the initial presentation of CML. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we report the case of a 32-year-old female with enlarged neck lymph nodes and fatigue...
March 1, 2018: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Tadej Dovšak, Alojz Ihan, Vojko Didanovič, Andrej Kansky, Miha Verdenik, Nataša Ihan Hren
BACKGROUND: The immune system has a known role in the aetiology, progression and final treatment outcome of oral squamous cell cancers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of radical surgery and radiotherapy on advanced oral squamous cell carcinoma blood counts, lymphocyte subsets and levels of acute inflammatory response markers. METHODS: Blood samples were obtained from 56 patients 5 days before and 10 days after surgery, 30 days and 1 year after radiotherapy...
March 1, 2018: BMC Cancer
Alberto García-Salido, Ana Serrano-González, Juan Casado-Flores, Montserrat Sierra-Colomina, Amelia Martínez de Azagra-Garde, María Ángeles García-Teresa, Gustavo J Melen, Manuel Ramírez-Orellana
The CD64 receptor has been described as a biomarker of bacterial infection. We speculated that CD64 surface expression on monocytes and granulocytes of children with severe acute bronchiolitis (SAB) could be altered in cases of probable bacterial infection (PBI) determined using classical biomarkers (procalcitonin and C-reactive protein, leukocyte count, and radiographic findings). A prospective observational pilot study was conducted from October 2015 to February 2016 in children admitted for pediatric critical care...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
Anna Wagner, Johannes Junginger, Frederik Lemensieck, Marion Hewicker-Trautwein
Intestinal Mϕ play a pivotal role in the maintenance of gut homeostasis, but can also contribute to inflammation such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In contrast to human tissues, little is known about phenotypes of Mϕ in the canine gastrointestinal tract. Therefore, an immunohistochemical study was performed using Abs against Mϕ-associated molecules (Cluster of differentiation (CD)64, CD163, CD204, ionized calcium-binding adaptor molecule 1, L1 Ag, and MHC II) on stomach, duodenum, jejunum, ileum and colon from non-IBD dogs...
March 2018: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Per Venge
The early and accurate discrimination between bacterial and viral causes of acute infections is the key to a better use of antibiotics and will help slow down the fast-growing resistance to commonly used antibiotics. This discrimination is in the vast majority of cases possible to achieve by blood assay of the biomarker human neutrophil lipocalin (HNL), which we showed to be uniquely increased in patients suffering from bacterial infections. In serum, sensitivities and specificities of >90% are achieved in both adults and children...
February 23, 2018: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences
Evgeni Dimitrov, Emil Enchev, Krasimira Halacheva, Georgi Minkov, Yovcho Yovtchev
Complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIaIs) respresent a serious cause of morbidity and mortality. Early diagnosis and well-timed treatment can improve patients' outcome, whereas the delay in management often result in rapid progression to circulatory collapse, multiple organ failure, and death. Neutrophil CD64 antigen expression has been studied for several years as infectious and sepsis biomarker and has several characteristics that make it good for clinical employment. It has been suggested to be predictive of positive bacterial cultures and a useful test for management of sepsis and other significant bacterial infections...
February 23, 2018: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Lin Xiao, Can Chen, Zhendong Li, Sumin Zhu, Johan Ck Tay, Xi Zhang, Shijun Zha, Jieming Zeng, Wee Kiat Tan, Xin Liu, Wee Joo Chng, Shu Wang
Vγ9Vδ2 T cells are a minor subset of lymphocytes in the peripheral blood that has been extensively investigated for their tolerability, safety and anticancer efficacy. A hindrance to the broad application of these cells for adoptive cellular immunotherapy has been attaining clinically appropriate numbers of Vγ9Vδ2 T cells. Furthermore, Vγ9Vδ2 T cells exist at low frequencies among cancer patients. We, therefore, sought to conceive an economical method that allows for a quick and robust large-scale expansion of Vγ9Vδ2 T cells...
March 2018: Cytotherapy
Xiao-Yan Guo, Yun-Kai Kang, Shu-Xia Guo
OBJECTIVE: To compare the diagnostic values of CD64 infection index, C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT) and the percentage of neutrophils (NEU%) in leukemia patients complicated with bacterial infection. METHODS: Sixty cases of leukemia complicated with bacterial infection (combination with infection group), 60 cases of leukemia without bacterial infection (non-combination with infection group) and 60 cases of healthy persons (control group) were selected in our hospital...
February 2018: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
D Robert Sutherland, Fernando Ortiz, Graeme Quest, Andrea Illingworth, Miroslav Benko, Rakesh Nayyar, Iuri Marinov
BACKGROUND: Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a rare acquired Hematopoietic Stem Cell disorder characterized by an inability to make glyco-phosphatidyl-inositol (GPI)-linked cell surface structures. Fluorescent proaerolysin (FLAER-Alexa488) is increasingly used to detect GPI-deficient WBCs by flow cytometry. However, FLAER is not available in all countries and is expensive to obtain in others. An earlier study to compare FLAER-based and non-FLAER assays confirmed very good agreement between the two tubes suggesting a cost effective simultaneous evaluation of PNH neutrophils and monocytes is possible without FLAER...
January 30, 2018: Cytometry. Part B, Clinical Cytometry
Bénédicte Puissant-Lubrano, Pol André Apoil, Kevin Guedj, Nicolas Congy-Jolivet, Francis Roubinet, Sophie Guyonnet, Sandrine Sourdet, Fati Nourhashemi, Antoine Blancher
We analyzed the impact of age, sex, and CMV on blood monocyte and dendritic cell (DC) subpopulations in 256 healthy individuals aged from 19 to 96 years. Flow cytometry was performed on whole blood within the 4 h following blood drawing. Myeloid (mDC) and plasmacytoid DC (pDC), classical, intermediate, and nonclassical monocytes were enumerated by means of TruCount tubes (BD Biosciences). We provided reference values for mDC, pDC and the three monocyte subpopulations. The numbers of classical, intermediate, and nonclassical monocytes slightly increased with age while the numbers of mDC and pDC did not vary significantly...
January 2018: Immunology and Cell Biology
Irene Soria, Juan López-Relaño, Marcos Viñuela, José-Ignacio Tudela, Alba Angelina, Cristina Benito-Villalvilla, Carmen M Díez-Rivero, Bárbara Cases, Ana I Manzano, Enrique Fernández-Caldas, Miguel Casanovas, Oscar Palomares, José L Subiza
BACKGROUND: Polymerized allergoids coupled to nonoxidized mannan (PM-allergoids) may represent novel vaccines targeting dendritic cells (DCs). PM-allergoids are better captured by DCs than native allergens and favor Th1/Treg cell responses upon subcutaneous injection. Herein we have studied in mice the in vivo immunogenicity of PM-allergoids administered sublingually in comparison to native allergens. METHODS: Three immunization protocols (4-8 weeks long) were used in Balb/c mice...
January 10, 2018: Allergy
A García-Salido, A Serrano-González, A M de Azagra-Garde, M Nieto-Moro, G J Melen, M Ramírez-Orellana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2017: Medicina Intensiva
Cui Liu, Dongchi Zhao
This study investigated the possible correlation between the degree of hearing impairment caused by neonatal purulent meningitis and the levels of CD64 and PCT in cerebrospinal fluid of patients, and assessed the prognostic value of such levels. We recorded data from 156 cases of neonatal purulent meningitis retrospectively. All the patients received brainstem response audiometry, and cerebrospinal fluid samples were collected within the first day after admission through lumbar puncture. Flow cytometry was used to detect CD64 levels and enzyme-linked fluorescent assay was used to detect PCT levels...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Henrika Jodeleit, Pia Palamides, Florian Beigel, Thomas Mueller, Eckhard Wolf, Matthias Siebeck, Roswitha Gropp
BACKGROUND: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a highly progressive inflammatory disease that requires the interaction of epithelial, immune, endothelial and muscle cells and fibroblasts. Previous studies suggested two inflammatory conditions in UC-patients: 'acute' and 'remodeling' and that the design of a disease network might improve the understanding of the inflammatory processes. The objective of the study was to design and validate a disease network in the NOD-SCID IL2rγnull (NSG)-UC mouse model to get a better understanding of the inflammatory processes...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
Mi Young Kim, Alastair Copland, Kaustuv Nayak, Anmol Chandele, Muhammad S Ahmed, Qibo Zhang, Gil R Diogo, Matthew J Paul, Sven Hofmann, Moon-Sik Yang, Yong-Suk Jang, Julian K-C Ma, Rajko Reljic
Dengue is a major global disease requiring improved treatment and prevention strategies. The recently licensed Sanofi Pasteur Dengvaxia vaccine does not protect children under the age of nine, and additional vaccine strategies are thus needed to halt this expanding global epidemic. Here, we employed a molecular engineering approach and plant expression to produce a humanized and highly immunogenic poly-immunoglobulin G scaffold (PIGS) fused to the consensus dengue envelope protein III domain (cEDIII). The immunogenicity of this IgG Fc receptor-targeted vaccine candidate was demonstrated in transgenic mice expressing human FcγRI/CD64, by induction of neutralizing antibodies and evidence of cell-mediated immunity...
December 9, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
E de Graauw, C Sitaru, M P Horn, L Borradori, S Yousefi, D Simon, H-U Simon
BACKGROUND: Lesions of bullous pemphigoid (BP), an autoimmune subepidermal blistering disease characterized by the presence of tissue-bound and circulating autoantibodies to hemidesmosomal antigens, harbor a mixed inflammatory cellular infiltrate. In various models, neutrophils, eosinophils, mast cells, monocytes as well as B and T cells have been shown to be involved in the pathogenesis of BP. However, their interactions with and effective role in blister formation remain uncertain. This study was aimed at investigating the effect of monocyte/neutrophil interaction on blister formation in an ex vivo BP model...
December 8, 2017: Allergy
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"