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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033860/olfactory-functioning-and-depression-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Hannah Taalman, Caroline Wallace, Roumen Milev
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated a reduction in olfactory functioning in patients with schizophrenia. This research has led to examination of olfactory functioning in other mental disorders, such as depression. There is a great deal of variation in the results generated from such research, and it remains unclear as to how olfactory functioning is associated with or impacted by depression. METHOD: The current review examined the literature in accordance with PRISMA guidelines in order to generate a better understanding of this relationship and to identify if and what aspects of olfactory processing are altered...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033830/the-decrease-of-uch-l1-activity-is-a-common-mechanism-responsible-for-a%C3%AE-42-accumulation-in-alzheimer-s-and-vascular-disease
#2
Michela Guglielmotto, Debora Monteleone, Valeria Vasciaveo, Ivan Enrico Repetto, Giusi Manassero, Massimo Tabaton, Elena Tamagno
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a multifactorial pathology causing common brain spectrum disorders in affected patients. These mixed neurological disorders not only include structural AD brain changes but also cerebrovascular lesions. The main aim of the present issue is to find the factors shared by the two pathologies. The decrease of ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase L1 (Uch-L1), a major neuronal enzyme involved in the elimination of misfolded proteins, was observed in ischemic injury as well as in AD, but its role in the pathogenesis of AD is far to be clear...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032778/has-iodized-salt-reduced-iodine-deficiency-disorders-among-school-aged-children-in-north-west-iran-a-9-year-prospective-study
#3
Sakineh Nouri Saeidlou, Fariba Babaei, Parvin Ayremlou, Rasoul Entezarmahdi
OBJECTIVE: Low iodine intakes are associated with goitre and other iodine-deficiency disorders (IDD) that have affected billions of people worldwide. We aimed to assess total goitre rate (TGR) and urinary iodine concentration (UIC) in schoolchildren between 2007 and 2015, percentage of iodized salt consumption by households, and salt iodine content at production, distribution and household levels in north-west Iran. Design/Setting/Subjects UIC assessed among schoolchildren in nine consecutive years; 240 schoolchildren aged 8-10 years selected by systematic random sampling each year in the West Azerbaijan Province...
October 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028778/essential-oils-and-gastroparesis-power-for-transforming-health-hope-and-quality-of-life
#4
Chalyce Macoskey, Dorothy J Dunn
This study explored how essential oils for persons with gastroparesis symptoms affect the quality of life. Gastroparesis is a chronic delayed gastric motility disorder characterized by postprandial fullness, early satiety, nausea, vomiting, abdominal discomfort, bloating, depression, and anxiety. The aim of this study was to determine how essential oils support digestion and eliminate inflammation in the body as evidenced by self-reporting a decrease in symptoms, thereby improving quality of life. A qualitative descriptive methodology using Barrette's Theory of Power as Knowing Participation in Change thematic framework was used...
November 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027576/neonatal-ulcerative-colitis-associated-with-familial-mediterranean-fever-a-case-report
#5
Elif Sag, Ferhat Demir, Mustafa Emre Ercin, Mukaddes Kalyoncu, Murat Cakir
Neonatal inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a subclass of very early onset IBD that includes children younger than 1 month. It is characterized by more colonic involvement and monogenetic etiology, resistance to classical anti-inflammatory/immunomodulatory treatments and associated with colitis in first-degree family members. Herein we report a 3 month-old girl who was admitted with bloody diarrhea since 10 days of age. Her symptoms persist despite diet elimination. She was diagnosed with neonatal ulcerative colitis (UC) based on clinical, laboratory and histopathological examination...
October 13, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021794/cd95-fas-non-apoptotic-signaling-pathways-and-kinases
#6
REVIEW
Matthieu Le Gallo, Amanda Poissonnier, Patrick Blanco, Patrick Legembre
Endothelial cells lining new blood vessels that develop during inflammatory disorders or cancers act as doors that either allow or block access to the tumor or inflamed organ. Recent data show that these endothelial cells in cancer tissues and inflamed tissues of lupus patients overexpress CD95L, the biological role of which is a subject of debate. The receptor CD95 (also named Fas or apoptosis antigen 1) belongs to the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor superfamily. Its cognate ligand, CD95L, is implicated in immune homeostasis and immune surveillance...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020961/hazardous-waste-and-health-impact-a-systematic-review-of-the-scientific-literature
#7
REVIEW
L Fazzo, F Minichilli, M Santoro, A Ceccarini, M Della Seta, F Bianchi, P Comba, M Martuzzi
Waste is part of the agenda of the European Environment and Health Process and included among the topics of the Sixth Ministerial Conference on Environment and Health. Disposal and management of hazardous waste are worldwide challenges. We performed a systematic review to evaluate the evidence of the health impact of hazardous waste exposure, applying transparent and a priori defined methods. The following five steps, based on pre-defined systematic criteria, were applied. 1. Specify the research question, in terms of "Population-Exposure-Comparators-Outcomes" (PECO)...
October 11, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019135/dige-analysis-of-fish-tissues
#8
Joanna Nynca, Mariola A Dietrich, Andrzej Ciereszko
Two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) appears to be especially useful in quantitative approaches, allowing the co-separation of proteins of control samples from proteins of treatment/disease samples on the same gel, eliminating gel-to-gel variability. The principle of 2D-DIGE is to label proteins prior to isoelectric focusing and use three spectrally resolvable fluorescent dyes, allowing the independent labeling of control and experimental samples. This procedure makes it possible to reduce the number of gels in an experiment, allowing the accurate and reproducible quantification of multiple samples...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994710/large-scale-oral-treatment-study-with-the-four-most-promising-d3-derivatives-for-the-treatment-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#9
Janine Kutzsche, Sarah Schemmert, Markus Tusche, Jörg Neddens, Roland Rabl, Dagmar Jürgens, Oleksandr Brener, Antje Willuweit, Birgit Hutter-Paier, Dieter Willbold
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that is associated with the aggregation of the amyloid β protein (Aβ). Aβ oligomers are currently thought to be the major neurotoxic agent responsible for disease development and progression. Thus, their elimination is highly desirable for therapy development. Our therapeutic approach aims at specific and direct elimination of toxic Aβ oligomers by stabilizing Aβ monomers in an aggregation-incompetent conformation. We have proven that our lead compound "D3", an all d-enantiomeric-peptide, specifically eliminates Aβ oligomers in vitro...
October 10, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990520/collagenolytic-enzymes-and-their-applications-in-biomedicine
#10
Anatoly Borisovich Shekhter, Anastasia V Balakireva, Natalia V Kuznetsova, Marina N Vukolova, Petr F Litvitsky, Andrey A Zamyatnin
Nowadays, enzymatic therapy is a very promising line of treatment for many different diseases. There is a group of disorders and conditions, caused by fibrotic and scar processes and associated with the excessive accumulation of collagen that needs to be catabolized to normalize the connective tissue content. The human body normally synthesizes special extracellular enzymes, matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) by itself. These enzymes can cleave components of extracellular matrix (ECM) and different types of collagen and thus maintain the balance of the connective tissue components...
October 6, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984367/host-microbiota-interplay-in-mediating-immune-disorders
#11
REVIEW
Krysta M Felix, Shekha Tahsin, Hsin-Jung Joyce Wu
To maintain health, the immune system must maintain a delicate balance between eliminating invading pathogens and avoiding immune disorders such as autoimmunity and allergies. The gut microbiota provide essential health benefits to the host, particularly by regulating immune homeostasis. Dysbiosis, an alteration and imbalance of the gut microbiota, is associated with the development of several autoimmune diseases in both mice and humans. In this review, we discuss recent advances in understanding how certain factors, such as age and gender, affect the gut microbiota, which in turn can influence the development of autoimmune diseases...
October 6, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982670/understanding-chylomicron-retention-disease-through-sar1b-gtpase-gene-disruption-insight-from-cell-culture
#12
Alain Théophile Sané, Ernest Seidman, Noel Peretti, Marie Laure Klémé, Edgard Delvin, Colette Deslandres, Carole Garofalo, Schohraya Spahis, Emile Levy
BACKGROUND: Understanding the specific mechanisms of rare autosomal disorders has greatly expanded insights into the complex processes regulating intestinal fat transport. Sar1B GTPase is one of the critical proteins governing chylomicron secretion by the small intestine, and its mutations lead to chylomicron retention disease, despite the presence of Sar1A paralog. OBJECTIVE: The central aim of this work is to examine the cause-effect relationship between Sar1B expression and chylomicron output and to determine whether Sar1B is obligatory for normal high-density lipoprotein biogenesis...
October 5, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981957/the-role-of-high-frequency-oscillations-in-epilepsy-surgery-planning
#13
REVIEW
David Gloss, Sarah J Nevitt, Richard Staba
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a serious brain disorder characterized by recurrent unprovoked seizures. Approximately two-thirds of seizures can be controlled with antiepileptic medications (Kwan 2000). For some of the others, surgery can completely eliminate or significantly reduce the occurrence of disabling seizures. Localization of epileptogenic areas for resective surgery is far from perfect, and new tools are being investigated to more accurately localize the epileptogenic zone (the zone of the brain where the seizures begin) and improve the likelihood of freedom from postsurgical seizures...
October 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980850/rilmenidine-promotes-mtor-independent-autophagy-in-the-mutant-sod1-mouse-model-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-without-slowing-disease-progression
#14
Nirma D Perera, Rebecca K Sheean, Chew L Lau, Yea Seul Shin, Philip M Beart, Malcolm K Horne, Bradley J Turner
Macroautophagy/autophagy is the main intracellular catabolic pathway in neurons that eliminates misfolded proteins, aggregates and damaged organelles associated with ageing and neurodegeneration. Autophagy is regulated by both MTOR-dependent and -independent pathways. There is increasing evidence that autophagy is compromised in neurodegenerative disorders, which may contribute to cytoplasmic sequestration of aggregation-prone and toxic proteins in neurons. Genetic or pharmacological modulation of autophagy to promote clearance of misfolded proteins may be a promising therapeutic avenue for these disorders...
October 5, 2017: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980595/-differential-diagnostics-of-headache-associated-with-pathological-changes-in-the-nasal-cavity-and-paranasal-sinuses
#15
A I Kryukov, G Yu Tsarapkin, A S Tovmasyan, S G Arzamazov, Z O Zaoeva, A E Kishinevskii
Headache is not infrequently one of the major complaints in the patients visiting the otorhinolaryngologist's office. It was estimated to occur in 24% of the patients presenting with chronic sinusitis. The cause of headache may be pathological processes either in the nasal cavity or in the paranasal sinuses as well as a primary disorder in the nervous system. The present article is concerned with the peculiar features of rhinogenic headache and that of a different etiology. It was shown that the patients suffering from headache are in need not only of the obligatory otorhinolaryngological examination including endoscopy of the nasal cavity, X-ray study and, sometimes, specialized tests but also of neurological counseling...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975892/introducing-standing-weight-bearing-mri-in-the-di-agnostics-of-low-back-pain-and-degenerative-spinal-disorders
#16
Bjarke Brandt Hansen
This PhD thesis is based on three scientific papers. In 2011 the Parker Institute the department of rheumatology introduced standing weight-bearing MRI (G-Scan, ESAOTE, Genova, Italy) in the diagnostic of low back pain patients. Unfortunately, we experienced a substantial risk of fainting (orthostatic syncope) during standing pMRI. In paper 1 we present in an observational study that the risk of fainting (19%) during standing pMRI could almost be eliminated by the use of an external pneumatic compression device (2%)...
October 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975505/an-siv-macaque-model-targeted-to-study-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-disorders
#17
REVIEW
Sarah E Beck, Suzanne E Queen, Kelly A Metcalf Pate, Lisa M Mangus, Celina M Abreu, Lucio Gama, Kenneth W Witwer, Robert J Adams, M Christine Zink, Janice E Clements, Joseph L Mankowski
Simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection of pigtailed macaques is a highly representative and well-characterized animal model for HIV neuropathogenesis studies that provides an excellent opportunity to study and develop prognostic markers of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) for HIV-infected individuals. SIV studies can be performed in a controlled setting that enhances reproducibility and offers high-translational value. Similar to observations in HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART), ongoing neurodegeneration and inflammation are present in SIV-infected pigtailed macaques treated with suppressive ART...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Neurovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971036/noninvasive-respiratory-management-of-patients-with-neuromuscular-disease
#18
REVIEW
John R Bach
This review article describes definitive noninvasive respiratory management of respiratory muscle dysfunction to eliminate need to resort to tracheotomy. In 2010 clinicians from 22 centers in 18 countries reported 1,623 spinal muscular atrophy type 1 (SMA1), Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis users of noninvasive ventilatory support (NVS) of whom 760 required it continuously (CNVS). The CNVS sustained their lives by over 3,000 patient-years without resort to indwelling tracheostomy tubes...
August 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969983/roles-for-arc-in-metabotropic-glutamate-receptor-dependent-ltd-and-synapse-elimination-implications-in-health-and-disease
#19
REVIEW
Julia R Wilkerson, Joseph P Albanesi, Kimberly M Huber
The Arc gene is robustly transcribed in specific neural ensembles in response to experience-driven activity. Upon induction, Arc mRNA is transported to dendrites, where it can be rapidly and locally translated by activation of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR1/5). mGluR-induced dendritic synthesis of Arc is implicated in weakening or elimination of excitatory synapses by triggering endocytosis of postsynaptic AMPARs in both hippocampal CA1 and cerebellar Purkinje neurons. Importantly, CA1 neurons with experience-induced Arc mRNA are susceptible, or primed for mGluR-induced long-term synaptic depression (mGluR-LTD)...
September 29, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960461/proteomic-identification-of-synaptic-caspase-substrates
#20
Ken G Victor, Daniel S Heffron, Jennifer D Sokolowski, Usnish Majumder, Andrea Leblanc, James W Mandell
The dismantling and elimination of excess neurons and their connections (pruning) is essential for brain development and may be aberrantly reactivated in some neurodegenerative diseases. Growing evidence implicates caspase-mediated apoptotic and non-apoptotic cascades in the dysfunction and death of neurons in neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson, and Huntington's diseases. It is the cleaved caspase substrates that are the effectors of synapse elimination. However, their identities, specific cleavage sites, and functional consequences of cleavage are largely unknown...
September 27, 2017: Synapse
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