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Nafiseh Saghafi, Maryam Karjalian, Masumeh Ghazanfarpour, Imaneh Khorsand, Hassan Rakhshandeh, Masumeh Mirteimouri, Masoudeh Babakhanian, Talat Khadivzadeh, Mohammad Javad Najafzadeh, Ahmad Ghorbani, Leila Pourali, Sara Bahman
The goal of this study was to compare the effect of Anethum graveolens (dill) vaginal suppositories and 100 mg clotrimazole vaginal tablets on vulvovaginal Candidiasis. This study was a single centre, single-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial, in which 60 women with microbiology-confirmed vulvovaginal candidiasis were randomly assigned to dill and clotrimazole groups. At the end of the study, the estimated prevalence of leucorrhoea, burning, and itching was 23%, 23% and 20% in dill users, respectively...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Patrícia Louise Rodrigues Varela, Rosana Rosseto de Oliveira, Emiliana Cristina Melo, Thais Aidar de Freitas Mathias
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the prevalence of pregnancy complications and sociodemographic profile of puerperal patients with complications, according to the form of financing of the childbirth service. METHOD: cross-sectional study with interview of 928 puerperal women whose childbirth was financed by the Unified Health System, health plans and private sources (other sources than the Unified Health System). The sample was calculated based on the births registered in the Information System on Live Births, stratified by hospital and form of financing of the childbirth service...
January 8, 2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
M Costantino, V Conti, M B Marongiu, G Napolano, A Filippelli
OBJECTIVE: During climacteric the reduction or interruption of estrogenic stimulus determines a gradual atrophy of the tissues of the urogenital tract.Vulvovaginal atrophy can be cause of dryness, itch, burning, and dyspareunia. Vulvovaginal atrophy is associated also with depression. Hence the importance of an appropriate treatment of the vulvovaginal atrophy. Between therapeutic options we can add, particularly for women who suffer only from vaginal symptoms, the spa therapy that uses mineral waters with benefic effects on vaginal tissue wellness and health...
September 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
Mohd Iqbal Yatoo, Umesh Dimri, Arumugam Gopalakrishnan, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Marappan Gopi, Rekha Khandia, Mani Saminathan, Archana Saxena, Mahmoud Alagawany, Mayada Ragab Farag, Ashok Munjal, Kuldeep Dhama
Pedicularis plants (Orobanchaceae), popularly known as lousewort, are found in Asia, Europe, and North America, and have been used in Sowa-Rigpa, the Himalayan art of healing and a traditional system of medicine for treating various ailments in humans. A comprehensive compilation on this valuable medicinal plant is not available, however. The present extensive review provides insight into the salient medicinal properties of Pedicularis plants with respect to various health issues and diseases. Our previous studies on Pedicularis plants from the Changthang region of Ladakh (India) and research advances leading to new developments in this field have prompted this review...
November 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Mekonnen Sisay, Tigist Gashaw
Myrtus communis L (Myrtaceae) is one of the popular drugs being used in the Unani system of phytomedicine since ancient Greece period. From time immemorial, different parts of this plant and essential oil have been used for a variety of purposes such as cosmetics (hair fall control), flavoring of food and drinks as well as extensive therapeutic purposes. Ethnobotanical information revealed that M communis L has been a folkloric repute for the treatment of several diseases like gastric ulcer, diarrhea, dysentery, cancer, rheumatism, hemorrhage, deep sinuses, leucorrhoea, hemorrhoid, inflammation, dyspepsia, anxiety, insomnia, diabetes, hypertension, pulmonary disorders, and skin diseases...
October 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
Partha Pradip Adhikari, Simi Talukdar, Ananta Borah
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Reproductive problems are becoming the most predominant health care problems in many countries. World Health Organization (WHO), in 2012, also exemplified maternal illnesses, for instance, birth asphyxia and post birth difficulties are rising at an alarming rate. In addition, not all abnormalities of the human reproductive system have the same origin; the effects of reproductive problems would likely been affected by both male and female. For easy accessibility and affordability, medicinal plants are playing crucial role in primary healthcare services in India and their use is moreover, an integral part of the cultural heritage...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Md Manowwar Alam, Abuzer Ali, Mohammad Ali, Showkat R Mir
BACKGROUND: The seeds of Zizyphus jujuba Mill. (Rhamnaceae) are astringent, aphrodisiac, tonic; used to cure cough, asthma, vomiting, burning sensation, biliousness, leucorrhoea, and eye infections in traditional systems of medicine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The methanol extract of seeds of Z. jujuba was partitioned into petroleum ether and water soluble fractions. Isolation of compounds was performed by silica gel column chromatography. The structures of isolated compounds were established on the basis of spectral studies and chemical reactions...
January 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Gamal A Mohamed, Ahmed M Al-Abd, Ali M El-Halawany, Hossam M Abdallah, Sabrin R M Ibrahim
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cancer has proceeded to surpass one of the most chronic illnesses to be the major cause of mortality in both the developing and developed world. Garcinia mangostana L. (mangosteen, family Guttiferae) known as the queen of fruits, is one of the most popular tropical fruits. It is cultivated in Southeast Asian countries: Malaysia, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, and Philippines. Traditionally, numerous parts of G. mangostana have been utilized to treat various ailments such as abdominal pain, haemorrhoids, food allergies, arthritis, leucorrhoea, gonorrhea, diarrhea, dysentery, wound infection, suppuration, and chronic ulcer...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
A Leroy, H Azaïs, G Giraudet, M Cosson
INTRODUCTION: Rectovaginal fistula requires a complex management because it has an important psychological impact associated with impaired quality of life of patients. Thus, the aim of our study was to evaluate the improvement of the quality of life of patients after surgical management. METHODS: This is a retrospective study. We included patients operated between 2009 and 2014 for the treatment of a rectovaginal fistula, whose data were available and who agreed to answer a questionnaire...
March 2017: Progrès en Urologie
D Vexiau-Robert, R Viraben, M Janier, C Derancourt, F J Timsit, F Bouscarat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
Bettina Eck-Varanka, Nóra Kováts, Katalin Hubai, Gábor Paulovits, Árpád Ferincz, Eszter Horváth
A wide range of aquatic plants have been proven to release allelochemicals, of them phenolics and tannin are considered rather widely distributed. Tannins, however, have been demonstrated to have genotoxic capacity. In our study genotoxic potential of Lythrum salicaria L. (Purple Loosestrife, family Lythraceae) was assessed by the mussel micronucleus test, using Unio pictorum. In parallel, total and hydrolysable tannin contents were determined. Results clearly show that the extract had a high hydrolysable tannin content and significant mutagenic effect...
December 2015: Acta Biologica Hungarica
Yasemin Çekmez, Fatih Şanlıkan, Ahmet Göçmen, Aylin Vural, Simge Bağcı Türkmen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the success rates and clinical outcomes of cervical cryotherapy applied to cervical ectopy for symptomatic relief. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 124 women who underwent cryotherapy for symptomatic treatment of cervical ectopy were included in this study. Indications for treatment were: abundant leucorrhoea (n = 114), post-coital bleeding (n = 22), recurrent cervicitis (n = 30) and pelvic pain (n = 12). Cryotherapy consisted of the use of carbon dioxide at -89°C to destroy the ectopic columnar epithelium by freezing, and it was transmitted to the ectopy through a flat cryoprobe...
2016: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Sarmistha Saha, Ramtej J Verma
CONTEXT: Dolichos biflorus sensu auct non L. (Fabaceae) is widely used for the treatment of kidney stones, leucorrhoea, urinary disorders, and menstrual troubles, and is known for its antioxidant activity. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the preventive effect of hydro-alcoholic extract of Dolichos biflorus seeds (DBE) in ethylene glycol induced nephrolithiasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vitro antioxidative capacity of DBE was estimated in terms of reducing power, superoxide radical, 2,2- diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical, and nitric oxide scavenging activity...
January 2015: Pharmaceutical Biology
Madan Mohan Sharma, Roop Narayan Verma, Abhijeet Singh, Amla Batra
Tylophora indica Burm F. Merrill. is widely used against various diseases owing to the presence an array of medicinally important secondary metabolites. Its stem is bitter, stomachic, stimulates bile secretion, enriches the blood and cures diseases like diabetes, fever, flatulence, hypertension, jaundice, leucorrhoea, urinary disease and upper respiratory tract infection. It is neglected for tissue culture work because of deciduous nature of climbing shrub, facing problems for micropropagation. Hence, in vitro regeneration of complete plantlets was done through indirect organogenesis in Tylophora indica...
2014: SpringerPlus
Peter Hillemanns, Karl-Ulrich Petry, Philipp Soergel, Pierre Collinet, Katty Ardaens, Julia Gallwas, Alexander Luyten, Christian Dannecker
OBJECTIVE: Non-surgical therapies are needed to reduce the rate of progression of low-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN 1) to high grade CIN (CIN 2/3). The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of hexaminolevulinate (HAL) photodynamic therapy (PDT) in the treatment of patients with CIN 1. STUDY DESIGN: This phase IIa prospective double-blind study randomized patients with CIN 1 into three groups: HAL vaginal suppository, placebo vaginal suppository or follow-up only...
August 2014: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Hiroaki Ishida, Tomone Yano, Yutaka Yasuda, Akiko Takashima, Naoki Takeshita, Toshihiko Kinoshita
Uterine inversion is a rare complication of the postpartum period and an even rarer complication of the nonpuerperal period. A 47-year-old woman, gravid 2, para 2, was referred to our hospital with blood-stained leucorrhoea and severe anemia. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans showed a U-shaped uterine cavity and the pedicles of a tumor attached to the uterine fundi. The patient underwent an abdominal hysterectomy. The diagnosis of uterine inversion was confirmed during the operation. MRI should be performed for the diagnosis of this rare disease...
September 28, 2011: Clinics and Practice
Mahdi Vazirian, Mahnaz Khanavi, Yaghoub Amanzadeh, Homa Hajimehdipoor
Triphala is a traditional herbal formulation consisting of dried fruits originating from three medicinal plants, namely Terminalia chebula, Terminalia bellerica and Phyllanthus emblica. It is used in folk medicine for the treatment of headaches, dyspepsia and leucorrhoea. There are some reports regarding Triphala's pharmacological effects including its anti-cancer, radioprotective, hypocholesterolaemic, hepatoprotective and anti-oxidant activities. The most important components of these plants are the tannins and gallic acid which they contain...
2011: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
S R Santosh Kumar, V Krishna, Venkatesh, K Pradeepa, K Girish Kumar, A U Gnanesh
An in vitro regeneration protocol has been standardized via direct and indirect methods from excised root explants of C. bonduc, a threatened woody legume used for the treatment of contagious diseases, inflammation, leprosy, antiperiodic, febrifuge, anthelmenthic, urinary disorders, leucorrhoea, piles and to heal wounds. MS medium supplemented with 17.75 micromol BAP and 2.46 micromol IBA, induced a mean of 3.40 +/- 1.07 shoots directly from the surface of excised root explant. Subsequently, the shoots rooted readily on MS half strength medium with out growth regulators...
December 2012: Indian Journal of Experimental Biology
V Djohan, K E Angora, A H Vanga-Bosson, A Konaté, F K Kassi, W Yavo, P C Kiki-Barro, H Menan, M Koné
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro susceptibility of vaginal Candida albicans to common antifungal drugs in Abidjan, Ivory Coast. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January to September 2008, 150 women with leucorrhoea were sampled for vaginal mycosis at the Pasteur Institute (Ivory Coast). Samples were analyzed by direct examination, Sabouraud-chloramphenicol and Sabouraud-chloramphenicol-actidione culture. C. albicans was identified after blastesis, chlamydosporulation and auxanogram tests...
June 2012: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
Doungnapa Buapool, Nadtaya Mongkol, Jirapa Chantimal, Sittiruk Roytrakul, Ekaruth Srisook, Kloakwan Srisook
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: PLUCHEA INDICA LESS.: (Asteraceae) is a Thai medicinal plant used in traditional medicine for the treatment of hemorrhoids, lumbago, leucorrhoea and inflammation. This study investigated the molecular mechanism of anti-inflammatory activity of Pluchea indica leaf extract in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages and also determined its action in acute inflammation animal models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The inhibitory effect of Pluchea indica leaf extract on LPS-induced nitric oxide (NO) production was evaluated by Griess reaction...
March 27, 2013: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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