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Frédéric Tripet, Simon Clegg, Dia-Eldin Elnaiem, Richard D Ward
Given the importance that the evolution of cooperation bears in evolutionary biology and the social sciences, extensive theoretical work has focused on identifying conditions that promote cooperation among individuals. In insects, cooperative or altruistic interactions typically occur amongst social insects and are thus explained by kin selection. Here we provide evidence that in Lutzomia longipalpis, a small biting fly and an important vector of leishmaniasis in the New World, cooperative blood-feeding in groups of non-kin individuals results in a strong decrease in saliva expenditure...
2009: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
S O Santos, J D Andrade Filho, M R Honer
A new sand fly species, Lutzomia aldafalcaoae is described from males collected in Vila Trindade, an urban district in Aquidauana county, State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, in October 1996. Taxonomic remarks and a description of the new species is presented.
August 2001: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
M Paranhos, W C dos Santos, I Sherlock, G G Oliveira, L C de Carvalho
Salivary gland lysates of the sand fly Lutzomia longipalpis have been shown to enhance the infectivity of Leishmania in mice. As shown herein, the simultaneous inoculation of Leishmania chagasi stationary-phase promastigotes and L. longipalpis salivary gland lysate by the intradermal route in a group of mongrel dogs induced a statistically significant eosinophilia, in relation to dogs inoculated with Leishmania or with salivary gland lysate only. These dogs had no evidence of infection, in spite of the high infectivity of the promastigotes when inoculated by the intravenous route...
April 1993: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
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