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Julieta Nattero, María Carla Cecere, Ricardo E Gürtler
Environmentally-induced developmental instability has frequently been assessed using fluctuating asymmetry (FA) methods. For Triatoma infestans, the major vector of Chagas disease, the combined effects of host-feeding sources and habitats affected wing developmental instability depending on sex in Figueroa villages, northwest Argentina. Here we investigated whether habitat, sex, season/year and insecticide applications affected wing developmental instability in T. infestans populations from Amamá and other rural villages of northwest Argentina over a four-year period...
November 13, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Leonardo Jose Silva, Danilo Tosta Souza, Diego Bonaldo Genuario, Harold Alexander Vargas Hoyos, Suikinai Nobre Santos, Luiz Henrique Rosa, Tiago Domingues Zucchi, Itamar Soares Melo
A novel actinobacterium, designated strain CMAA 1533(T), was isolated from the rhizosphere of Deschampsia antarctica collected at King George Island, Antarctic Peninsula. Strain CMAA 1533(T) was found to grow over a wide range of temperatures (4-28 °C) and pH (4-10). Macroscopically, the colonies were observed to be circular shaped, smooth, brittle and opaque-cream on most of the culture media tested. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain CMAA 1533(T) belongs to the family Nocardiaceae and forms a distinct phyletic line within the genus Rhodococcus...
November 15, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
Rachel Curtis-Robles, Sarah A Hamer, Sage Lane, Michael Z Levy, Gabriel L Hamer
Defining spatial and temporal occurrences of triatomine vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi, the agent of Chagas disease, in the US is critical for public health protection. Through a citizen science program and field collections from 2012 to 2016, we collected 3,215 triatomines, mainly from Texas. Using morphological and molecular approaches, we identified seven Triatoma species and report sex, length, and blood engorgement status. Many citizen-collected triatomines (92.9%) were encountered indoors, in peridomestic settings, or in dog kennels and represent spillover transmission risk of T...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Nancy Rivas, Víctor Sánchez-Cordero, Alejandro D Camacho, Alejandro Córdoba-Aguilar, Ricardo Alejandre-Aguilar
Morphological characters can be used to distinguish the vast majority of triatomine species, but the existence of high levels of phenotypic plasticity and recently diverged species can lead to erroneous determinations. To approach this problem, we analyzed the male and female morphologies of the scutella of Triatoma barberi, T. dimidiata, T. lecticularia, T. mexicana, T. recurva, T. rubida, and two sub-species, T. protracta protracta and T. protracta nahuatlae. Scutellum samples were observed by scanning electron microscopy and subjected to morphological analysis and morphometric investigation using a canonical discriminant analysis...
December 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
Michele Souza Lima, Alan Brito Carneiro, Thaís Souto-Padron, José Jurberg, Mário Alberto Cardoso Silva-Neto, Georgia Correa Atella
Triatoma infestans is a mandatory haematophagous vector of Chagas disease in Brazil. Despite a large number of studies on the anti-haemostatic molecules present in its saliva, the role of its salivary components on parasite transmission is poorly understood. Here, we show that the bioactive lipid molecule, lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC), is present in the salivary gland of T. infestans. We characterized the lipid profiles of each unit of the T. infestans salivary gland. We noticed that LPC is present in the three units of the salivary gland and that the insect feeding state does not influence its proportion...
October 28, 2017: Acta Tropica
Raíssa Nogueira Brito, Liléia Diotaiuti, Anália Celencina Fagundes Gomes, Rita de Cássia Moreira de Souza, Fernando Abad-Franch
Triatoma costalimai Verano & Galvão, a little-known vector of Trypanosoma cruzi Chagas, occupies rocky environments in the Brazilian Cerrado and occasionally infests man-made habitats. Entomological surveillance records show that T. costalimai occurs fairly often inside and around houses in south-eastern Tocantins, Brazil, with 859 specimens reported in 2005-2014. Most adults were caught indoors, and breeding colonies were found inside and around houses. Trypanosoma cruzi was detected in 13.7% of 839 bugs...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
Elisa Neves Vianna, Ricardo José de Paula Souza E Guimarães, Christian Rezende Souza, David Gorla, Liléia Diotaiuti
BACKGROUND: Triatoma sordida and Triatoma pseudomaculata are frequently captured triatomine species in the Brazilian savannah and caatinga biomes, respectively, and in Brazilian domiciles. OBJECTIVES: This study identified eco-epidemiological changes in Chagas disease in northern Minas Gerais state, Brazil, and considered the influence of environmental shifts and both natural and anthropogenic effects. METHODS: Domicile infestation and Trypanosoma cruzi infection rates were obtained from triatomines and sylvatic reservoirs during the following two time periods: the 1980s and 2007/2008...
November 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Yunuen Grant-Guillén, Benjamín Nogueda-Torres, Jordi Gascón-Sánchez, Gumercindo Goicochea-Del Rosal, José Alejandro Martínez-Ibarra
The first record of Triatoma lecticularia out of its reported distribution area together with the brief description of the said area is provided in this paper. In addition, some biological parameters related to hatching of eggs, life cycle and feeding and defecation behaviors for each instar of one population of T. lecticularia from its previously reported distribution area (PR) and for each instar of that introduced recently found population (IS) of this species were evaluated and compared. Twenty-eight specimens were collected from IS, mostly (64...
October 16, 2017: Acta Tropica
Hirotomo Kato, Ryan C Jochim, Eduardo A Gomez, Shunsuke Tsunekawa, Jesus G Valenzuela, Yoshihisa Hashiguchi
The dataset in this report is related to the research article with the title: "Salivary gland transcripts of the kissing bug, Panstrongylus chinai, a vector of Chagas disease" (Kato et al., 2017) [1]. Lipocalin family proteins were identified as the dominant component in P. chinai saliva, and phylogenetic analysis of the salivary lipocalins resulted in the formation of five major clades. For further characterization, each clade of P. chinai lipocalin was s alignment and phylogenetic analyses together with homologous triatomine lipocalins; pallidipin 2, an inhibitor of collagen-induced platelet aggregation identified from saliva of Triatoma pallidipennis (clade I), pallidipin-like salivary lipocalin from Triatoma dimidiata (clade II), salivary lipocalin from T...
December 2017: Data in Brief
Gustavo M Calderón-Fernández, Débora E Moriconi, Andrea B Dulbecco, M Patricia Juárez
The insect integument, formed by the cuticle and the underlying epidermis, is essential for insect fitness, regulation of lipid biosynthesis and storage, insect growth and feeding, together with development progress. Its participation in insecticide resistance has also been outlined. Triatoma infestans Klug (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) is one of the major vectors of Chagas disease in South America; however, genomic data are scarce. In this study, we performed a transcriptome analysis of the nymph integument in order to identify which genes are expressed and their putative role...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
Indra G Rodriguez, Jose R Loaiza
American trypanosomiasis, or Chagas disease, is a growing public health problem in Panama, and further forest degradation due to human population growth is expected to worsen the situation. Most people infected with the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi are silently ill, and their life expectancy is severely compromised, which contributes to further deterioration of living conditions in endemic regions. Here, we review the outcomes of nearly 100 years of ecological and epidemiological investigation about Chagas disease in Panama, in an attempt to highlight progress, identify needs, and re-orient future efforts...
October 10, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
Martín Dadé, Martín Daniele, Nora Mestorino
INTRODUCTION: Pyrethroids have been frequently and intensively used for controlling the triatomine vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi. The emergence of resistance to these insecticides has resulted in an urgent need to identify novel, alternative and complementary control strategies. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the toxic effects of ivermectin, doramectin and eprinomectin on the bloodfeeding behaviour of Triatoma infestans using a rodent model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifth instar nymphs of T...
September 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Gerardo Aníbal Marti, Paula Ragone, Agustín Balsalobre, Soledad Ceccarelli, María Laura Susevich, Patricio Diosque, María Gabriela Echeverría, Jorge Eduardo Rabinovich
Triatoma virus occurs infecting Triatominae in the wild (Argentina) and in insectaries (Brazil). Pathogenicity of Triatoma virus has been demonstrated in laboratory; accidental infections in insectaries produce high insect mortality. When more than one microorganism enters the same host, the biological interaction among them differs greatly depending on the nature and the infection order of the co-existing species of microorganisms. We studied the possible interactions between Triatoma virus (TrV) and Trypanosoma cruzi (the etiological agent of Chagas disease) in three different situations: (i) when Triatoma virus is inoculated into an insect host (Triatoma infestans) previously infected with T...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
Patricia L Dorn, Annie G McClure, Meghan D Gallaspy, Etienne Waleckx, Adrienne S Woods, Maria Carlota Monroy, Lori Stevens
Little is known about the strains of Trypanosoma cruzi circulating in Central America and specifically in the most important vector in this region, Triatoma dimidiata. Approximately six million people are infected with T. cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas disease, which has the greatest negative economic impact and is responsible for ~12,000 deaths annually in Latin America. By international consensus, strains of T. cruzi are divided into six monophyletic clades called discrete typing units (DTUs TcI-VI) and a seventh DTU first identified in bats called TcBat...
September 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Maria Beatriz Araújo Silva, Kelly Reis de Menezes, Maria Clara Guerra de Farias, Maria Sandra Andrade, Caio Cesar Alves Victor, Elias Seixas Lorosa, José Jurberg
INTRODUCTION: Studying the feeding preferences of triatomines is an important entomological surveillance tool, since continuous surveillance of the disease is necessary. METHODS: The precipitin reaction was used to describe the feeding preferences of triatomines along with their natural infection by flagellates similar to Tyrpanosoma cruzi. Six hundred eighty-seven insects were examined, including Triatoma brasiliensis, Triatoma pseudomaculata, and Panstrongylus lutzi...
July 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
Ana Laura Carbajal-de-la-Fuente, Yael Mariana Provecho, María Del Pilar Fernández, Marta Victoria Cardinal, Patricia Lencina, Cynthia Spillmann, Ricardo Esteban Gürtler
BACKGROUND: The eco-epidemiological status of Chagas disease in the Monte Desert ecoregion of western Argentina is largely unknown. We investigated the environmental and socio-demographic determinants of house infestation with Triatoma infestans, bug abundance, vector infection with Trypanosoma cruzi and host-feeding sources in a well-defined rural area of Lavalle Department in the Mendoza province. METHODS: Technical personnel inspected 198 houses for evidence of infestation with T...
October 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Z Galvez-Marroquin, L Cruz-López, E A Malo, J M Ramsey, J C Rojas
The behavioural and electrophysiological (electroantennography) responses of the first two instars of Triatoma dimidiata (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) Latreille to fresh and dry faecal headspace volatile extracts from fifth instar conspecific nymphs and synthetic compounds were analysed in this study. Recently emerged nymphs (3-5 days) aggregated around filter paper impregnated with dry faeces and around filter paper impregnated with extracts from both fresh and dry faeces. Older first instars (10-15 days) and second instars aggregated around filter paper impregnated with fresh and dry faeces, and their respective headspace extracts...
September 11, 2017: Medical and Veterinary Entomology
María L Susevich, Germán E Metz, Gerardo A Marti, María G Echeverría
The family Dicistroviridae comprises three genera and about twenty species of RNA virus, most of them with health or agricultural importance. The Triatoma virus (TrV) is the only entomopathogenic virus identified in triatomine bugs up to the present. TrV replicates within the intestinal epithelial cells, causing high mortality rate and delayed development of the molt of these bugs. TrV has been proposed as a biological control agent for vectors of Chagas disease. Viral particles were purified from feces of 1, 5 and 10 insects from an experimental colony of Triatoma infestans infected with TrV...
September 6, 2017: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
Julieta Nattero, Romina Valeria Piccinali, Catarina Macedo Lopes, María Laura Hernández, Luciana Abrahan, Patricia Alejandra Lobbia, Claudia Susana Rodríguez, Ana Laura Carbajal de la Fuente
BACKGROUND: The Sordida subcomplex (Triatominae) comprises four species, Triatoma garciabesi, T. guasayana, T. patagonica and T. sordida, which differ in epidemiological importance and adaptations to human environments. Some morphological similarities among species make taxonomic identification, population differentiation and species delimitation controversial. Triatoma garciabesi and T. sordida are the most similar species, having been considered alternatively two and a single species until T...
September 6, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
Sebastián Pita, Pedro Lorite, Jesús Vela, Pablo Mora, Teresa Palomeque, Khoa Pham Thi, Francisco Panzera
BACKGROUND: The analysis of the chromosomal and genome evolution in organisms with holocentric chromosomes is restricted by the lack of primary constriction or centromere. An interesting group is the hemipteran subfamily Triatominae, vectors of Chagas disease, which affects around 6 to 7 million people worldwide. This group exhibits extensive variability in the number and chromosomal location of repeated sequences such as heterochromatin and ribosomal genes. This paper tries to reveal the significant differences of the repeated sequences among Triatoma species through the use of genomic DNA probes...
September 6, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
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