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Jillian D Wormington, Cassidy Gillum, Alyssa C Meyers, Gabriel L Hamer, Sarah A Hamer
Transmission risk for vector borne disease is greatest during periods of heightened vector activity. Triatomine bugs (Hemiptera: Reduviidae), which transmit Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas disease, are generally considered nocturnal, but their patterns of activity in controlled settings have rarely been studied. We quantified activity patterns across a 24-hour period in nymphs of two triatomine species: (1) Triatoma gerstaeckeri Stål, a North American triatomine which is closely associated with sylvatic and peridomestic hosts, and (2) Rhodnius prolixus Stål, a Central and South American triatomine that thrives in the domestic environment...
June 13, 2018: Acta Tropica
Augusto C Montezano, Livia De Lucca Camargo, Patrik Persson, Francisco J Rios, Adam P Harvey, Aikaterini Anagnostopoulou, Roberto Palacios, Ana Caroline P Gandara, Rheure Alves-Lopes, Karla B Neves, Maria Dulak-Lis, Chet E Holterman, Pedro Lagerblad de Oliveira, Delyth Graham, Christopher Kennedy, Rhian M Touyz
BACKGROUND: NADPH Oxidase 5 (Nox5) is a calcium-sensitive superoxide-generating Nox. It is present in lower forms and higher mammals, but not in rodents. Nox5 is expressed in vascular cells, but the functional significance remains elusive. Given that contraction is controlled by calcium and reactive oxygen species, both associated with Nox5, we questioned the role of Nox5 in pro-contractile signaling and vascular function. METHODS AND RESULTS: Transgenic mice expressing human Nox5 in a vascular smooth muscle cell-specific manner (Nox5 mice) and Rhodnius prolixus , an arthropod model that expresses Nox5 endogenoulsy, were studied...
June 15, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
Daniel Pagotto Vendrami, Mauro Toledo Marrelli, Marcos Takashi Obara, José Maria Soares Barata, Walter Ceretti-Junior
This article reports a list with 912 specimens of the subfamily Triatominae deposited in the Entomological Collection of the Faculty of Public Health of the University of Sao Paulo. The collection is composed of 1 holotype, 3 alotypes, 15 paralectotypes, 77 paratypes, distributed in 5 tribes and 12 genera: Tribus Alberprosenini: genus Alberprosenia Martinez & Carcavallo, 1977; Tribus Bolboderini: genus Microtriatoma Prosen & Martinez, 1952; Tribus Cavernicolini: genus Cavernicola Barber, 1937; Tribus Rhodnini: genus Psammolestes Bergroth, 1941; genus Rhodnius Stal, 1859; Tribus Triatomini: genus Dipetalogaster Usinger 1939; genus Eratyrus Stal 1859; genus Hermanlentia Jurberg & Galvão, 1997; genus Linshcosteus Distant, 1904; 1944; genus Panstrongylus Berg 1879; genus Paratriatoma Barber 1938; genus Triatoma Laporte 1833...
2018: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
Carmen Rolandi, Pablo E Schilman
Environmental temperature is an abiotic factor with great influence on biological processes of living beings. Jensen's inequality states that for non-lineal processes, such as most biological phenomena, the effects of thermal fluctuations cannot be predicted from mean constant temperatures. We studied the effect of daily temperature fluctuation (DTF) on Rhodnius prolixus, a model organism in insect physiology, and an important vector of Chagas disease. We measured development time from egg to adult, fecundity, fertility, body mass reduction rate (indirect measurement of nutrient consumption rates) and survival after a single blood meal...
May 2018: Journal of Thermal Biology
Juan Pedro Wulff, Natalia Capriotti, Sheila Ons
Ecdysis is a vital process for insects, during which they shed the old cuticle in order to emerge as the following developmental stage. Given its relevance for survival and reproduction, ecdysis is tightly regulated by peptidic hormones that conform an interrelated neuromodulatory network. This network was studied in species that undergo a complete metamorphosis, but not in hemimetabola. In a recent work, we demonstrated that orcokinin neuropeptides are essential for ecdysis to occur in the kissing bug Rhodnius prolixus...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Insect Physiology
Leandro José Ramos, Gabriela Vieira de Souza Castro, Janis Lunier de Souza, Jader de Oliveira, João Aristeu da Rosa, Luis Marcelo Aranha Camargo, Renildo Moura da Cunha, Dionatas Ulises de Oliveira Meneguetti
INTRODUCTION: This communication reports the occurrence of Rhodnius neglectus in the State of Acre, Brazil. METHODS: An adult male R. neglectus specimen was collected from the Catuaba Experimental Reserve, which is located in the municipality of Senador Guiomard. RESULTS: This increases the number of triatomine species reported from the State of Acre to eight and is also the first report of R. neglectus from the Brazilian Western Amazon Region...
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
Arduina Sofia Ortet de Barros Vasconcelos Fidalgo, Alanna Carla da Costa, José Damião da Silva Filho, Darlan da Silva Cândido, Erlane Chaves Freitas, Laíse Dos Santos Pereira, Mônica Coelho de Andrade, Kátia Cristina Morais Soares Gomes, Cláudia Mendonça Bezerra, Maria de Fátima Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Chagas disease remains a public health problem in the rural and urban areas of 19 countries in the Americas. METHODS: The aim of the present study was to investigate the Trypanosoma cruzi infection rate of triatomines collected from both intra- and peridomiciliary areas in eleven municipalities of Southeastern Ceará, Brazil, from 2009 to 2015. RESULTS: A total of 32,364 triatomine specimens, including nymphs and adults, were collected, and 31,736 (98...
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
Priscila H Vieira, Larissa Bomfim, Georgia C Atella, Hatisaburo Masuda, Isabela Ramos
In oviparous animals, the egg yolk is synthesized by the mother in a major metabolic challenge, where the different yolk components are secreted to the hemolymph and delivered to the oocytes mostly by endocytosis. The yolk macromolecules are then stored in a wide range of endocytic-originated vesicles which are collectively referred to as yolk organelles and occupy most of the mature oocytes cytoplasm. After fertilization, the contents of these organelles are degraded in a regulated manner to supply the embryo cells with fundamental molecules for de novo synthesis...
May 16, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Jesús Martínez-Barnetche, Andrés Lavore, Melina Beliera, Juan Téllez-Sosa, Federico A Zumaya-Estrada, Victorio Palacio, Ernestina Godoy-Lozano, Rolando Rivera-Pomar, Mario Henry Rodríguez
BACKGROUND: Chagas disease is a parasitic infection caused by Trypanosoma cruzi. It is an important public health problem affecting around seven to eight million people in the Americas. A large number of hematophagous triatomine insect species, occupying diverse natural and human-modified ecological niches transmit this disease. Triatomines are long-living hemipterans that have evolved to explode different habitats to associate with their vertebrate hosts. Understanding the molecular basis of the extreme physiological conditions including starvation tolerance and longevity could provide insights for developing novel control strategies...
April 27, 2018: BMC Genomics
Sebastián Pita, Pablo Mora, Jesús Vela, Teresa Palomeque, Antonio Sánchez, Francisco Panzera, Pedro Lorite
Chagas disease or American trypanosomiasis affects six to seven million people worldwide, mostly in Latin America. This disease is transmitted by hematophagous insects known as "kissing bugs" (Hemiptera, Triatominae), with Triatoma infestans and Rhodnius prolixus being the two most important vector species. Despite the fact that both species present the same diploid chromosome number (2 n = 22), they have remarkable differences in their total DNA content, chromosome structure and genome organization...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Soledad Ceccarelli, Agustín Balsalobre, Paula Medone, María Eugenia Cano, Rodrigo Gurgel Gonçalves, Dora Feliciangeli, Darío Vezzani, Cristina Wisnivesky-Colli, David E Gorla, Gerardo A Marti, Jorge E Rabinovich
Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas disease, is transmitted to mammals - including humans - by insect vectors of the subfamily Triatominae. We present the results of a compilation of triatomine occurrence and complementary ecological data that represents the most complete, integrated and updated database (DataTri) available on triatomine species at a continental scale. This database was assembled by collecting the records of triatomine species published from 1904 to 2017, spanning all American countries with triatomine presence...
April 24, 2018: Scientific Data
Juliana Mourão Dos Santos Rodrigues, João Aristeu da Rosa, Felipe Ferraz Figueiredo Moreira, Cleber Galvão
Triatominae (Insecta: Hemiptera: Reduviidae) includes 151 extant species that are all potential vectors of Chagas disease. The relationships among these species have been recently studied based on molecular and cytogenetical approaches, and although the morphology of these insects is fairly described, wide comparative studies and cladistics analysis based on this feature are lacking. A comparative study of the terminal abdominal segments in females of 26 species of Triatominae was performed in order to evaluate their importance for the distinction of genera and species, and obtain characters to be used in cladistics analyses...
April 22, 2018: Acta Tropica
Marcela Tabares, Mario Ortiz, Mabel Gonzalez, Chiara Carazzone, Martha J Vives Florez, Jorge Molina
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated the role of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) produced by skin microbiota in the attraction of mosquitoes to humans. Recently, behavioral experiments confirmed the importance of VOCs released by skin microbiota in the attraction of Rhodnius prolixus (Hemiptera: Triatominae), a vector of Chagas disease. METHODS/FINDINGS: In this study, we screened for VOCs released in vitro by bacteria isolated from human facial skin that were able to elicit behavioral responses in R...
April 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Thamiris de A de Souza, Marcio B P Lopes, Aline de S Ramos, José Luiz P Ferreira, Jefferson Rocha de A Silva, Margareth M C Queiroz, Kátia G de Lima Araújo, Ana Claudia F Amaral
Species of the genus Alpinia are widely used by the population and have many described biological activities, including activity against insects. In this paper, we describe the bioactivity of the essential oil of two species of Alpinia genus, A. zerumbet and A. vittata , against Rhodnius nasutus , a vector of Chagas disease. The essential oils of these two species were obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by GC-MS. The main constituent of A. zerumbet essential oil (OLALPZER) was terpinen-4-ol, which represented 19...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Roberta Carvalho Ferreira, Cínthia Firmo Teixeira, Vinícius Fernandes A de Sousa, Alessandra A Guarneri
Trypanosoma rangeli is a protozoan parasite that infects mammals and triatomines, causing different levels of pathogenicity in its invertebrate vectors, particularly those from the genus Rhodnius. We have recently shown that temperature can modulate T. rangeli growth during in vitro culture, as well as its in vivo pathogenicity to R. prolixus. In the present study, we investigated colonization of R. prolixus by T. rangeli and assessed the role of temperature and vector nutrition on parasite development and multiplication...
June 2018: Parasitology Research
Ana B Walter-Nuno, Mabel L Taracena, Rafael D Mesquita, Pedro L Oliveira, Gabriela O Paiva-Silva
Iron is an essential element for most organisms However, free iron and heme, its complex with protoporphyrin IX, can be extremely cytotoxic, due to the production of reactive oxygen species, eventually leading to oxidative stress. Thus, eukaryotic cells control iron availability by regulating its transport, storage and excretion as well as the biosynthesis and degradation of heme. In the genome of Rhodnius prolixus , the vector of Chagas disease, we identified 36 genes related to iron and heme metabolism We performed a comprehensive analysis of these genes, including identification of homologous genes described in other insect genomes...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
Claudio R Lazzari, Aurélie Fauquet, Chloé Lahondère
Kissing bugs possess a highly developed thermal sense and when starved, they attempt to bite any object which temperature is close to that of a warm-blooded host. At each feeding event, these insects take massive meals in just a few minutes. One could then expect fed-bugs being heated-up by the ingested warm blood and so becoming attractive to starved conspecifics. This is not however the case, arising the question about why cannibalism is very rare among these insects. Recently, the ability of thermoregulating during feeding has been demonstrated in Rhodnius prolixus...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Insect Physiology
Indra G Rodríguez, Azael Saldaña, Kadir González, Vanessa Pineda, Milixa Perea, Ana M Santamaría, Carmen C de Junca, Luis F Chaves, José E Calzada
Ecoepidemiological scenarios for Trypanosoma cruzi Chagas transmission are partially shaped by kissing bug vector ecology. The presence of Attalea butyracea Kunth, the 'royal palm', is a major risk factor for Chagas disease transmission in Panamá given their frequent infestations by Rhodnius pallescens Barber, a major neotropical T. cruzi vector. It was assumed that in Panamá this relationship was very close and unique, limiting the niche of R. pallescens to that of Att. butyracea. However, here we present observations about T...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Medical Entomology
Christian Barnabé, Simone Frédérique Brenière, Jean-François Guégan, Denis Blanchet, Christine Aznar
Insects of the genus Rhodnius are broadly involved in Chagas disease transmission. In French Guiana, where the disease remains a public health problem, R. robustus and R. pictipes are vectors, but so far few genetic analyses of these local species have been reported. Here, we explored three mitochondrial genes (Cytb, Lsu-rRNA, and ND1) and one nuclear gene (D2) in 49 adult specimens morphologically characterized as R. robustus. We analyzed genetic polymorphisms and haplotype distributions, and we built phylogenetic trees using the available GenBank sequences from R...
April 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Carla G Grosso, María M Stroppa, Gonzalo M Varela, Beatriz A García
Pyrethroid resistance has been detected in Triatoma infestans (Hemiptera: Reduviidae), which was atributed to target site insensitivity and increased oxidative metabolism of the insecticide by cytochrome P450s. Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR) plays an essential role in transferring electrons from NADPH to the P450-substrate complex. In this study, the full length CPR cDNA of T. infestans was isolated and gene expression was determined by quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
March 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
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