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polymer micelle

Li-Chun Cheng, Yan Jiang, Yu Xie, Lu-Lu Qiu, Qing Yang, Hui-Yi Lu
In order to decrease the toxicity of paclitaxel (PTX) and increase the efficiency, we developed an amphiphilic PTX injection system using a biodegradable and biocompatible polymer synthesized by folic acid, cholesterol, and chitosan (FACC). This FACC-based polymer had a low critical concentration (64.13μg/ml) and could self-assemble in aqueous condition to form nanoscale micelles. The particle sizes of FACC-PTX micelles were 253.2±0.56 nm, the encapsulation efficiency and loading capacity of these FACC-PTX micelles were 65...
December 1, 2016: Oncotarget
Anupama Singh, Nagarani Thotakura, Rajendra Kumar, Bhupinder Singh, Gajanand Sharma, Om Prakash Katare, Kaisar Raza
Biocompatible and biodegradable polymers like PLGA have revolutionized the drug delivery approaches. However, poor drug loading and substantially high lipophilicity, pave a path for further tailing of this promising agent. In this regard, PLGA was feathered with biocompatible phospholipid and polymeric micelles were developed for delivery of Methotrexate (MTX) to cancer cells. The nanocarriers (114.6nm±5.5nm) enhanced the cytotoxicity of MTX by 2.13 folds on MDA-MB-231 cells. Confocal laser scanning microscopy confirmed the increased intracellular delivery...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Xia Song, Jing-Ling Zhu, Yuting Wen, Feng Zhao, Zhong-Xing Zhang, Jun Li
Chemotherapy is facing several limitations such as low water solubility of anticancer drugs and multidrug resistance (MDR) in cancer cells. To overcome these limitations, a thermoresponsive micellar drug delivery system formed by a non-covalently connected supramolecular block polymer was developed. The system is based on the host-guest interaction between a well-defined β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) based poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) star host polymer and an adamantyl-containing poly(ethylene glycol) (Ad-PEG) guest polymer...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Katherine E Washington, Ruvanthi N Kularatne, Vasanthy Karmegam, Michael C Biewer, Mihaela C Stefan
The use of aliphatic polyesters in drug delivery applications has been a field of significant interest spanning decades. Drug delivery strategies have made abundant use of polyesters in their structures owing to their biocompatibility and biodegradability. The properties afforded from these materials provide many avenues for the tunability of drug delivery systems to suit individual needs of diverse applications. Polyesters can be formed in several different ways, but the most prevalent is the ring-opening polymerization of cyclic esters...
December 1, 2016: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Nanomedicine and Nanobiotechnology
Maximiliano Cagel, Estefanía Grotz, Ezequiel Bernabeu, Marcela A Moretton, Diego A Chiappetta
Doxorubicin (DOX) is considered one of the most effective chemotherapeutic agents, used as a first-line drug in numerous types of cancer. Nevertheless, it exhibits serious adverse effects, such as lethal cardiotoxicity and dose-limiting myelosuppression. In this review, we focus on the description and the clinical benefits of different DOX-loaded nanotechnological platforms, not only those commercially available but also the ones that are currently in clinical phases, such as liposomes, polymeric nanoparticles, polymer-drug conjugates, polymeric micelles and ligand-based DOX-loaded nanoformulations...
November 23, 2016: Drug Discovery Today
Calvin A Omolo, Rahul S Kalhapure, Mahantesh Jadhav, Sanjeev Rambharose, Chunderika Mocktar, Valence M K Ndesendo, Thirumala Govender
Vancomycin (VM), a last resort to control methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) infections, is on the verge of becoming ineffective. Novel nano delivery systems of VM have the potential to combat MRSA. The search for novel materials for nanoantibiotic development is therefore an active research area. In this study, oleic acid (OA) was coupled with monomethoxy polyethylene glycol (mPEG) to obtain a novel bio-safe amphiphilic polymer, mPEG-OA. The critical micelle concentration of mPEG-OA, was found to be 4...
November 23, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Partha Laskar, Joykrishna Dey, Payel Banik, Mahitosh Mandal, Sudip Kumar Ghosh
Stimuli-sensitive polymeric vesicles or polymersomes as self-assembled colloidal nanocarriers have received paramount importance for their integral role as delivery system for therapeutics and biotherapeutics. This work describes spontaneous polymersome formation at pH 7, as evidenced by surface tension, steady state fluorescence, dynamic light scattering, and microscopic studies, by three hydrophilic random cationic copolymers synthesized using N,N-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate (DMAEM) and methoxy poly(ethylene glycol) monomethacrylate in different mole ratios...
November 23, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Akiya Akahoshi, Eiji Matsuura, Eiichi Ozeki, Hayato Matsui, Kazunori Watanabe, Takashi Ohtsuki
Polymeric micelles that are composed of synthetic polymers are generally size controllable and can be easily modified for various applications. Lactosomes (A3B-type) are biodegradable polymeric micelles composed of an amphipathic polymer, including three poly(sarcosine) blocks and a poly(l-lactic acid) block. Lactosomes accumulate in tumors in vivo through the enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect, even on frequently administering them. However, lactosomes cannot be efficiently internalized by cells...
2016: Science and Technology of Advanced Materials
Kanokwan Sansanaphongpricha, Michael C DeSantis, Hongwei Chen, Wei Cheng, Kai Sun, Bo Wen, Duxin Sun
The asymmetrical features and unique properties of multibuilding block Janus nanostructures (JNSs) provide superior functions for biomedical applications. However, their production process is very challenging. This problem has hampered the progress of JNS research and the exploration of their applications. In this study, an asymmetrical multibuilding block gold/iron oxide JNS has been generated to enhance photothermal effects and display colored Brownian motion in an optical trap. JNS is formed by seed-mediated self-assembly of nanoparticle-loaded thermocleavable micelles, where the hydrophobic backbones of the polymer are disrupted at high temperatures, resulting in secondary self-assembly and structural rearrangement...
November 22, 2016: Small
Alena Braunová, Libor Kostka, Ladislav Sivák, Lucie Cuchalová, Zuzana Hvězdová, Richard Laga, Sergey Filippov, Peter Černoch, Michal Pechar, Olga Janoušková, Milada Šírová, Tomáš Etrych
New amphiphilic diblock polymer nanotherapeutics serving simultaneously as a drug delivery system and an inhibitor of multidrug resistance were designed, synthesized, and evaluated for their physico-chemical and biological characteristics. The amphiphilic character of the diblock polymer, containing a hydrophilic block based on the N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide copolymer and a hydrophobic poly(propylene oxide) block (PPO), caused self-assembly into polymer micelles with an increased hydrodynamic radius (Rh of approximately 15nm) in aqueous solutions...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Yimei Jia, Abdelwahab Omri, Lakshmi Krishnan, Michael J McCluskie
In recent years considerable progress has been made in the field of cancer immunotherapy whereby treatments that modulate the body's own immune system are used to combat cancer. This has the potential to not only elicit strong anti-cancer immune responses which can break pre-existing tolerance and help promote tumor regression, but could also induce immunological memory which may help prevent tumor recurrence. In order to ensure effective delivery of immunotherapeutic agents, such as vaccines, checkpoint inhibitors, chemotherapeutic agents and nucleic acids, a safe and effective delivery system is often required...
November 21, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Alexandra G Arranja, Vertika Pathak, Twan Lammers, Yang Shi
Chemotherapeutic drugs have multiple drawbacks, including severe side effects and suboptimal therapeutic efficacy. Nanomedicines assist in improving the biodistribution and target accumulation of chemotherapeutic drugs, and are therefore able to enhance the balance between efficacy and toxicity. Multiple types of nanomedicines have been evaluated over the years, including liposomes, polymer-drug conjugates and polymeric micelles, which rely on strategies such as passive targeting, active targeting and triggered release for improved tumor-directed drug delivery...
November 16, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Cheng Wang, Guoying Zhang, Guhuan Liu, Jinming Hu, Shiyong Liu
Hydrogels have found promising applications in drug delivery due to their biocompatibility, high drug loading capability, and tunable release profiles. However, hydrogel-based carriers are primarily employed for delivering hydrophilic payloads while hydrophobic drugs cannot be efficiently delivered due to the lack of hydrophobic domains within conventional hydrogel matrices. Herein, we report that thermo- and photo-responsive hydrogels could be constructed from amphiphilic triblock copolymers, poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-b-poly(4-acryloylmorpholine)-b-poly(2-((((2-nitrobenzyl)oxy)carbonyl) amino)ethyl methacrylate) (PNIPAM-b-PNAM-b-PNBOC), and the resulting hydrogels could be further engineered a new carrier for both hydrophilic gemcitabine (GCT) and hydrophobic doxorubicin (DOX)...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Jie Gao, Wei Li, Yajun Guo, Si-Shen Feng
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are original cancer cells that are of characteristics associated with normal stem cells. CSCs are toughest against various treatments and thus responsible for cancer metastasis and recurrence. Therefore, development of specific and effective treatment of CSCs plays a key role in improving survival and life quality of cancer patients, especially those in the metastatic stage. Nanomedicine strategies, which include prodrugs, micelles, liposomes and nanoparticles of biodegradable polymers, could substantially improve the therapeutic index of conventional therapeutics due to its manner of sustained, controlled and targeted delivery of high transportation efficiency across the cell membrane and low elimination by intracellular autophagy, and thus provide a practical solution to solve the problem encountered in CSCs treatment...
November 17, 2016: Nanomedicine
Ling-Chun Chen, Yin-Chen Chen, Chia-Yu Su, Wan-Ping Wong, Ming-Thau Sheu, Hsiu-O Ho
Self-assembling mixed polymeric micelles (saMPMs) were developed for overcoming major obstacles of poor bioavailability (BA) associated with curcumin delivery. Lecithin added was functioned to enlarge the hydrophobic core of MPMs providing greater solubilization capacity. Amphiphilic polymers (sodium deoxycholate [NaDOC], TPGS, CREMOPHOR, or a PLURONIC series) were examined for potentially self-assembling to form MPMs (saMPMs) with the addition of lecithin. Particle size, size distribution, encapsulation efficacy (E...
November 16, 2016: Scientific Reports
Qixian Chen, Kensuke Osada, Zhishen Ge, Satoshi Uchida, Theofilus A Tockary, Anjaneyulu Dirisala, Akitsugu Matsui, Kazuko Toh, Kaori M Takeda, Xueying Liu, Takahiro Nomoto, Tekihiko Ishii, Makoto Oba, Yu Matsumoto, Kazunori Kataoka
Both efficiency and safety profiles are crucial for promotion of gene delivery systems towards practical applications. A promising template system was previously developed based on block catiomer of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-b-poly{N'-[N-(2-aminoethyl)-2-aminoehtyl]aspartamide}-cholesteryl [PEG-PAsp(DET)-cholesteryl] with strategies of ligand conjugation at the α-terminus for specific affinity to the targeted cells and cholesteryl conjugation at the ω-terminus for structural stabilization to obtain systemic retention...
January 2017: Biomaterials
Shehab Alzobaidi, Chang Da, Vu Tran, Maša Prodanović, Keith P Johnston
Ultralow water content carbon dioxide-in-water (C/W) foams with gas phase volume fractions (ϕ) above 0.95 (that is <0.05 water) tend to be inherently unstable given that the large capillary pressures that cause the lamellar films to thin. Herein, we demonstrate that these C/W foams may be stabilized with viscoelastic aqueous phases formed with a single zwitterionic surfactant at a concentration of only 1% (w/v) in DI water and over a wide range of salinity. Moreover, they are stable with a foam quality ϕ up to 0...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Ottokar Klimm, Christoph Göbel, Sabine Rosenfeldt, Florian Puchtler, Nobuyoshi Miyajima, Katharina Marquardt, Markus Drechsler, Josef Breu, Stephan Förster, Birgit Weber
Nowadays there is a high demand for specialized functional materials for specific applications in sensors or biomedicine (e.g. fMRI). For their implementation in devices, nanostructuring and integration in a composite matrix are indispensable. Spin crossover complexes are a highly promising family of switchable materials where the switching process can be triggered by various external stimuli. In this work, the synthesis of nanoparticles of the spin crossover iron(ii) coordination polymer [Fe(L)(bipy)]n (with L = 1,2-phenylenebis(iminomethylidyne)bis(2,4-pentanedionato)(2-) and bipy = 4,4'-bipyridine) is described using polystyrene-poly-4-vinylprididine blockcopolymer micelles as the template defining the final size of the nanoparticle core...
December 7, 2016: Nanoscale
Xuan Zhang, Youpeng Wang, Guo Li, Zhaotie Liu, Zhongwen Liu, Jinqiang Jiang
An amphiphilic block copolymer of poly(ethylene oxide)-b-poly((N-methacryloxy phthalimide)-co-(7-(4-vinyl-benzyloxyl)-4-methylcoumarin)) (PEO45 -b-P(MAPI36 -co-VBC4 )) is designed to improve the micellar stability during the photo-triggered release of hydrophobic cargoes. Analysis of absorption and emission spectra, solution transmittance, dynamic light scattering, and transmission electron microscopy supports that polymer micelles of PEO45 -b-P(MAPI36 -co-VBC4 ) upon the combinational irradiation of 365 and 254 nm light can be solubilized through the photolysis of phthalimide esters and simultaneously crosslinked via the partially reversible photo-dimerization of coumarins...
November 4, 2016: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Dechao Niu, Yongsheng Li, Jianlin Shi
As a member of the organic-inorganic hybrid family, silica/organosilica cross-linked block copolymer micelles are becoming increasingly attractive due to the combined features of excellent self-assembly properties of amphiphilic block copolymers and the high stability and the easy surface modification of silica/organosilica components. Compared to the traditional cross-linking route with organic components, the silica/organosilica cross-linking approach could offer more advantages, such as quick reaction under mild conditions, a much stronger barrier to the diffusion of both encapsulated small molecules and functional nanoparticles and the substantial improvement in the stability of the whole micelles against the ambient environment...
November 2, 2016: Chemical Society Reviews
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