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polymer micelle

Nitin S Tiwari, Paul van der Schoot
The kinetics of the self-assembly of supramolecular polymers is dictated by how monomers, dimers, trimers etc., attach to and detach from each other. It is for this reasons that researchers have proposed a plethora of pathways to explain the kinetics of various self-assembling supramolecules, including sulfur, linear micelles, living polymers and protein fibrils. Recent observations hint at the importance of a hitherto ignored molecular aggregation pathway that we refer to as "body evaporation and addition"...
June 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
Arehalli S Manjappa, Popat S Kumbhar, Prajakta S Khopade, Ajit B Patil, John I Disouza
Docetaxel (DTX) has been used to treat several types of cancers, but it has provided pharmaceutical challenges due to its poor water solubility and toxicities associated with the co-solvents (tween-80 and ethanol). Nanopolymer therapeutics can be engineered to deliver anticancer agent specifically to cancer cells, thereby leaving normal healthy cells unaffected by toxic drugs such as DTX. The objective of the present study was to synthesize the polyacrylic acid (PAA)-DTX conjugate (PAADC) and preparation of nanopolymer therapeutics such as PAADC/DSPE-mPEG2000 mixed micelles (PAADC-DP MMs)...
June 21, 2017: Current Drug Delivery
Liping Zhang, Yamin Zhou, Gang Shi, Xinxin Sang, Caihua Ni
Hyperbranched polymer nano micelles (NMs) were prepared through a nucleophilic ring opening polymerization between cystamine and polyethylene glycol diglycidyl ether, followed by a reaction of amino groups and dimethyl maleic anhydride. The NMs showed spheric morphologies with hydrodynamic diameters of 106-120nm. Doxorubicin was loaded in the NMs with loading rate as high as 15.38wt%; The NMs possessed negative zeta potentials in aqueous solutions of pH7.4 due to the carboxyl ions on the particle surfaces, but the zeta potentials were converted to positive ones due to the hydrolysis of amide bonds at pH5...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Yao Liu, Mei-Hao Sun, Shi-Kuan Shao, Gang Deng
Aqueous two-phase micellar system (ATPMS), as an alternative liquid-liquid extraction technique, has been extensively exploited for the precise separation or large-scale concentration of biomolecules. In this article, a novel affinity-based ATPMS composed of mixed micelles was constructed by introducing a Copper-chelated Triton X-114 (TX-Cu(II)) into an aqueous solution of hydrophobically modified ethylene oxide polymer (HM-EO). Phase diagram of the HM-EO/TX-Cu(II) system was measured, and the partitioning behavior of model proteins (YND, BSA, lysozyme) were studied by using this new system...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Haoquan Zhong, Chunchen Liu, Wenjiao Ge, Run-Cang Sun, Fei Huang, Xiaohui Wang
A fluorescent "turn-on" sensor for fast measuring aliphatic biogenic amines (BAs) was developed based on fluorescent carboxylated polyfluorene (PFTBTCOOH)/ chitosan-graft-oleic acid (CS-graft-OA) micelles. In this system, biobased CS-graft-OA micelles prepared by graft modification of chitosan with oleic acid serve as the vector of hydrophobic fluorescent probe. Bright "turn-on" fluorescence was achieved by the intermolecular fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) of the encapsulated PFTBTCOOH driven by the formation of electrostatic complex with aliphatic BAs, which facilitate a visual identification...
June 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Hui Liu, Kai Wang, Cangjie Yang, Shuo Huang, Mingfeng Wang
Polymeric micelles loaded with multiple therapeutic modalities are important to overcome challenges such as drug resistance and improve the therapeutic efficacy. Here we report a new polymer micellar drug carrier that integrates chemotherapy and photothermal therapy in a single platform. Specifically, a narrow bandgap poly(dithienyl-diketopyrrolopyrrole) (PDPP) polymer was encapsulated together with a model anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) in the hydrophobic cores of polymeric micelles formed by Pluronic F127, an amphiphilic poly(ethylene oxide)-poly(propylene oxide)-poly(ethylene oxide) triblock copolymer...
June 3, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Gaoyang Guo, Micky Tortorella, Biliang Zhang, Yunbing Wang
Amphiphilic compounds consisting of polycations and lipid segments are well established as building blocks for the construction of siRNA carriers. They are capable of forming nanoparticles with high-affinity positive charges for siRNA in aqueous media due to their intra- and/or intermolecular hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions. Unfortunately, safety and efficiency of lipid-modified polycations as the two great challenges to the clinical application need to be improved. Beyond that, the role of the hydrophobic segment in the process of siRNA delivery is elusive...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
L A Lima, R de Vries, L S Biswaro, I M Vasconcelos, O L Franco, S C Dias
One of the roadblocks towards the practical use of antimicrobial peptides for medical use is their relatively high cost when synthesized chemically. Effective recombinant production has only been successful in some cases, such as the previously reported production in Pichia pastoris of the antimicrobial plectasin derivative peptide NZ2114. The same production host has also been used extensively to produce so-called protein-polymers: sequences that consist of repetitions of simple amino acid motifs found in structural proteins such as collagen and elastin, and that can be designed to self-assemble in micelles, fibers and hydrogels...
June 12, 2017: Biopolymers
Marziyeh Fathi, Parham Sahandi Zangabad, Ayuob Aghanejad, Jaleh Barar, Hamid Erfan-Niya, Yadollah Omidi
In the present work, new self-assembled nanoparticles (NPs) were engineered using biocompatible and biodegradable natural polymer, chitosan (CS). The complexation of CS with sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) facilitated the regioselective chemical modification of CS hydroxyl groups with maleic anhydride, and produced polymerizable precursor of CS that was further grafted with N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAAm) as temperature-sensitive moiety and oleic acid (OA) as hydrophobic monomer. After removal of SDS complex, the free amino groups were functionalized with folic acid (FA) to form folate-(PNIPAAm-co-OA)-g-CS micellar NPs...
September 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Qing Yao, David C Gutierrez, Ngoc Ha Hoang, Dongin Kim, Ruoning Wang, Christopher Hobbs, Lin Zhu
The novel self-assembling bottlebrush polyethylene glycol - polynorbornene - thiocresol block copolymers (PEG-PNB-TC) were synthesized by the Ring Opening Metathesis Polymerization (ROMP), followed by functionalization of the polymer backbone via the thio-bromo "Click" post-polymerization strategy. The PEG-PNB-TC copolymers could easily self-assemble into the nanoscale core-shell polymeric micelles. The hydrophobic anticancer drugs, such as paclitaxel (PTX), could be loaded into their hydrophobic core to form a stable drug-loaded micelle with a superior drug loading capacity of up to ~ 35 % (wt/wt)...
June 12, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Hae An Kim, Hyun Jung Lee, Ja Hye Hong, Hyo Jung Moon, Du Young Ko, Byeongmoon Jeong
Pluronics F127 (P, PEG-PPG-PEG triblock copolymer) was coupled with diphenylalanine (FF) to prepare FF-end-capped Pluronics (FFPFF). With increasing temperature from 10 to 60 °C, the FFPFF self-assembled to vesicles in water. The unimer-to-vesicle transition accompanies endothermic enthalpy of 53.9 kcal/mol. Aqueous P and FFPFF solutions exhibited thermogelation in 15.0-24.0 wt %. The gel phase of FFPFF was stable up to 90 °C, whereas that of P turned into a sol again at 55-86 °C, indicating that end-capping with FF improved the gel stability against heat...
June 22, 2017: Biomacromolecules
Upenyu L Muza, Guilaume Greyling, Harald Pasch
Micelles prepared from amphiphilic block copolymers (ABCs) have found numerous applications in pharmaceutical, electronics, environmental, cosmetics, and hygiene industries. These micelles, whether in the pure or mixed micelle form, often exist as multiple morphologies (spherical, cylindrical, worm, or vesicular) in equilibrium with each other. However, none of the current column-based fractionation techniques or any microscopic technique are capable of a successful separation, identification, and quantitation of these complex self-assemblies with regards to morphology, size, molar mass, and chemical composition in one experiment...
June 22, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Kira Nultsch, Oliver Germershaus
Silk fibroin (SF) is a natural polymer with tremendous potential as a matrix for drug delivery systems as well as for tissue engineering. Silk sericin (SS) removal (degumming) is a critical step during SF purification, potentially affecting SF integrity and resulting in structural changes such as partial hydrolysis and inhibition of micelle formation. In addition to SF composition itself, the molecular weight and charge of encapsulated drugs may significantly affect drug release from SF matrices. The effect of these parameters on drug release was investigated by varying SF degumming time and charge of the model compound encapsulated in SF films...
June 9, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Mengtan Cai, Jun Cao, Zhengzhong Wu, Furong Cheng, Yuanwei Chen, Xianglin Luo
Polymer micelles for anticancer drug delivery have shown many advantages. In this study, poly(ε-caprolactone)-b-poly(2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine) (PCL-PMPC) with bio-inspired structure self-assembled into small and uniform micelles as traditional poly(ε-caprolactone)-b-poly(ethylene glycol) (PCL-PEG). The in vitro and in vivo anti-tumor efficiency of PCL-PMPC and PCL-PEG micelles were detailedly evaluated. The both micelles were able to load DOX with high efficiency. PCL-PMPC micelles exhibited faster drug release at pH 5...
May 29, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Yasuyuki Yoshida, Hiroki Takai, Keisuke Kawahara, Shintaro Mitsumune, Kazuyuki Takata, Akinori Kuzuya, Yuichi Ohya
Here, we report biodegradable temperature-triggered covalent gelation systems exhibiting a longer and controllable duration time of the gel state by a "mixing strategy" utilizing a thiol-ene reaction. We synthesized a tri-block copolymer of poly(caprolactone-co-glycolic acid) and PEG (tri-PCG) as a temperature-responsive injectable polymer (IP) and attached acryloyl groups on both termini (tri-PCG-Acryl). A tri-PCG micelle solution containing hydrophobic hexa-functional polythiol (Solution-A) and a tri-PCG-Acryl micelle solution (Solution-B) were mixed together...
June 8, 2017: Biomaterials Science
Gaoyi Xie, Chunping Ma, Xiqi Zhang, Hongliang Liu, Xingxing Guo, Liutao Yang, Yang Li, Ke Wang, Yen Wei
Two novel zwitterionic phosphorylcholine polymers (MTP1 and MTP2) with aggregation-induced emission (AIE) feature were prepared through reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer polymerization between an AIE monomer with vinyl end group and a zwitterionic phosphorylcholine monomer. The synthesized copolymers were characterized and confirmed by (1)H NMR, FT-IR, and X-ray photoelectron spectra. By introduction of the zwitterionic phosphorylcholine component, the synthesized copolymers showed amphiphilic properties and tended to self-assemble into fluorescent polymeric nanoparticles (FPNs) in water...
May 31, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Taoran Wang, Jingyi Xue, Qiaobin Hu, Mingyong Zhou, Chao Chang, Yangchao Luo
The toxicity associated with concentrated synthetic surfactants and the poor stability at gastrointestinal condition are two major constraints for practical applications of solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) as oral delivery vehicles. In this study, a synthetic surfactant-free and cross-linker-free method was developed to fabricate effective, safe, and ultra-stable lipid-polymer hybrid nanoparticles (LPN). Bovine serum albumin (BSA) and dextran varying in molecular weights were first conjugated through Maillard reaction and the conjugates were exploited to emulsify solid lipid by a solvent diffusion and sonication method...
June 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
Wenjing Lin, Na Yao, Long Qian, Xiaofang Zhang, Quan Chen, Jufang Wang, Lijuan Zhang
The development of an in situ formed pH-responsive theranostic nanocomposite for anticancer drug delivery and computed tomography (CT) imaging was reported. β-cyclodextrin-{poly(lactide)-poly(2-(dimethylamino) ethyl methacrylate)-poly[oligo(2-ethyl-2-oxazoline)methacrylate]}21 [β-CD-(PLA-PDMAEMA-PEtOxMA)21] unimolecular micelles served as a template for the in situ formation of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) and the subsequent encapsulation of doxorubicin (DOX). The formation of unimolecular micelles, microstructures and the distributions of GNPs and DOX were investigated through the combination of experiments and dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) simulations...
June 3, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
Bo Jiang, Cuiling Li, Huayu Qian, Md Shahriar A Hossain, Victor Malgras, Yusuke Yamauchi
Although multilayer films have been extensively reported, most compositions have been limited to non-catalytically active materials (e.g. polymers, proteins, lipids, or nucleic acids). Herein, we report the preparation of binder-free multilayer metallic mesoporous films with sufficient accessibility for high electrocatalytic activity by using a programmed electrochemical strategy. By precisely tuning the deposition potential and duration, multilayer mesoporous architectures consisting of alternating mesoporous Pd layers and mesoporous PdPt layers with controlled layer thicknesses can be synthesized within a single electrolyte, containing polymeric micelles as soft templates...
June 26, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Yinjian Zhou, Ying Dong, Gang Huang, Yiguang Wang, Xiaonan Huang, Fayun Zhang, David A Boothman, Jinming Gao, Wei Liang
β-Lapachone (β-lap), a novel anticancer agent, is bioactivated by NADP(H):quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1), an enzyme over-expressed in numerous tumors, including lung, pancreas, breast, and prostate cancers. Fast renal clearance and methemaglobinemia / hemolytic side-effects from the clinical formulation (β-lap-hydroxyl propyl-β-cyclodextrin complex) hindered its clinical translation. Here, we investigated a dual model pH responsive polymers for β-lap delivery. Three pH-sensitive linkages, including acylhydrazone, ketal and imine bonds for β-lap prodrug syntheses result in an aryl imine linkage the most optimal linkage...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Materials Chemistry. B, Materials for Biology and Medicine
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