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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811941/seizure-associated-takotsubo-syndrome-a-rare-combination
#1
Htay Htay Kyi, Nour Aljariri Alhesan, Sunil Upadhaya, Samer Al Hadidi
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) is increasingly recognized in neurocritical care population especially in postmenopausal females. We are presenting a 61-year-old African American female with past medical history of epilepsy, bipolar disorder, and hypertension who presented with multiple episodes of seizures due to noncompliance with antiepileptic medications. She was on telemetry which showed ST alarm. Electrocardiogram (ECG) was ordered and showed ST elevation in anterolateral leads and troponins were positive...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801279/-high-frequency-echocardiography-for-assessment-of-regional-wall-motion-abnormality-and-cardiac-function-in-mice-with-myocardial-infarction
#2
Jing Wang, Wei-Jiang Tan, Xiang Li, Gui-Ping Zhang, Jia-Yuan Huang, Xiao-Hong Chen, Qian Lei, Feng-Hua Yang, Ren Huang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the value of high-frequency echocardiography in assessing cardiac structure and function in a mouse model of myocardial infarction. METHODS: Twenty-five C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into sham-operated group (n=10) and myocardial infarction model group (n=15) established by ligation of the left anterior descending artery. The cardiac structure, regional wall motion and cardiac function of mice were examined with pulsed wave Doppler (PWD), tissue Doppler imaging (TDI), EKV and M-mode echocardiography 3 days before and at 1 week after the operation...
August 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754098/longitudinal-shortening-remains-the-principal-component-of-left-ventricular-pumping-in-patients-with-chronic-myocardial-infarction-even-when-the-absolute-atrioventricular-plane-displacement-is-decreased
#3
Daniel Asgeirsson, Erik Hedström, Jonas Jögi, Ulrika Pahlm, Katarina Steding-Ehrenborg, Henrik Engblom, Håkan Arheden, Marcus Carlsson
BACKGROUND: The majority (60%) of left ventricular (LV) stroke volume (SV) is generated by longitudinal shortening causing apical atrioventricular plane displacement (AVPD) in systole. The remaining SV is caused by radial inward motion of the epicardium both in the septal and the lateral wall. We aimed to determine if these longitudinal, septal and lateral contributions to LVSV are changed in patients with chronic myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: Patients with a chronic (>3 months) ST-elevation MI in the left anterior descending (LAD, n = 20) or right coronary artery (RCA, n = 16) and healthy controls (n = 20) were examined with cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR)...
July 28, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752550/four-dimensional-echocardiography-area-strain-combined-with-exercise-stress-echocardiography-to-evaluate-left-ventricular-regional-systolic-function-in-patients-with-mild-single-vessel-coronary-artery-stenosis
#4
Yan Deng, Long Peng, Yuan-Yuan Liu, Li-Xue Yin, Chun-Mei Li, Yi Wang, Li Rao
BACKGROUND: The aim of this prospective study was to assess the diagnosis value of four-dimensional echocardiography area strain (AS) combined with exercise stress echocardiography to evaluate left ventricular regional systolic function in patients with mild single vessel coronary artery stenosis. METHODS: Based on treadmill exercise load status, two-dimensional conventional echocardiography and four-dimensional echocardiography area strain were performed on patients suspected coronary artery disease before coronary angiogram...
July 28, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683992/assessment-of-mitral-valve-repair-with-exercise-echocardiography-artificial-chordae-vs-leaflet-resection
#5
Sigurdur Ragnarsson, Johan Sjögren, Martin Stagmo, Per Wierup, Shahab Nozohoor
Mitral valve (MV) repair with artificial chordae (AC) or leaflet resection (LR) is associated with good hemodynamics at rest. The aim of this study was to compare these techniques in terms of exercise capacity and echocardiographic parameters of hemodynamics at rest and peak exercise. We conducted a study in 2015 of 56 patients, who had undergone surgery for degenerative posterior mitral leaflet prolapse between 2005 and 2014 using either AC (n = 24) or LR (n = 32). Clinical data were collected, exercise capacity was measured, and resting echocardiography and peak exercise echocardiography were performed...
April 2017: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681495/underappreciated-occurrence-of-discrete-subaortic-membranes-producing-left-ventricular-outflow-obstruction-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#6
Muhil Kannappan, Barry J Maron, Hassan Rastegar, Natesa G Pandian, Martin S Maron, Ethan J Rowin
Subaortic obstruction due to systolic anterior motion (SAM) of the mitral valve with ventricular septal contact is a major cause of progressive heart failure symptoms in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). However, we have recently observed a unique, but not uncommon subgroup of HCM patients with outflow tract obstruction due only to discrete subaortic membrane or who have a membrane in addition to SAM-septal contact. HCM patients with subaortic membranes may be at increased risk for developing progressive heart failure symptoms...
July 6, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670388/left-ventricular-myocardial-strain-in-ventricular-arrhythmia-without-structural-heart-disease-using-cardiac-magnetic-resonance
#7
Xuepei Tang, Sisi Yu, Yaohan Yu, Haibo Ren, Shuhao Li, Li Zhou, Zhen Yang, Hailong Wu, Wei Zhou, Lianggeng Gong
Ventricular arrhythmia (VA) in structurally normal heart is considered as benign. However, these arrhythmias have been recently reported to induce left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Up to now, there is no efficacious method to detect abnormal myocardial systolic function in VA patients. Therefore, in the current study, we used cardiac magnetic resonance feature tracking (CMR-FT) on balanced steady state free precision (SSFP) cine images to investigate LV myocardial strain in 42 VA patients without known heart disease as well as in 29 normal volunteers...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666934/flow-energy-loss-evaluation-in-a-systolic-anterior-motion-case-after-the-ross-procedure
#8
Koichi Akiyama, Yoshifumi Naito, Mao Kinoshita, Maki Ishii, Yasufumi Nakajima, Keiichi Itatani, Takako Miyazaki, Masaaki Yamagishi, Hitoshi Yaku, Teiji Sawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648775/systolic-anterior-motion-of-the-mitral-valve-with-left-ventricular-outflow-tract-obstruction-a-rare-cause-of-hypotension-after-lung-transplantation
#9
Thomas Hertel, Jennifer M Banayan, Mark A Chaney, Vera von Dossow, Richa Dhawan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536896/helical-distribution-of-hypertrophy-in-patients-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-prevalence-and-clinical-implications
#10
Dafne Viliani, Eduardo Pozo, Norma Aguirre, Alberto Cecconi, María J Olivera, Paloma Caballero, Luis J Jiménez-Borreguero, Fernando Alfonso
Recently a novel pattern of helical distribution of hypertrophy has been described in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Our aim was to determine its prevalence and potential implications in an unselected cohort. One-hundred- and eight consecutive patients diagnosed with HCM by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) were included (median clinical follow up of 1718 days). All clinical and complementary test information was prospectively collected. The presence of a helical pattern was assessed by a simple measurement of the maximal left ventricle (LV) wall thickness (LVWT) for each of the 17 classical LV segments and it was classified in one of three types according to its extension...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523177/systolic-anterior-motion-of-the-mitral-valve-the-mechanism-of-postural-hypotension-following-left-intrapericardial-pneumonectomy
#11
Javier D Lasala, January Tsai, Andrea Rodriguez-Restrepo, Scott Michael Atay, Boris Sepesi
Systolic anterior motion (SAM) is defined as displacement of the distal portion of the anterior leaflet of the mitral valve toward the left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. SAM can occur in patients without hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HOCM) and is a well-recognized cause for unexplained sudden hypotension in perioperative settings. We present a case of persistent orthostatic hypotension caused by SAM following left intrapericardial pneumonectomy and mediastinal lymph node dissection for squamous cell carcinoma of the lung invading intrapericardial portion of the inferior pulmonary vein...
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520945/systolic-anterior-motion-of-the-tricuspid-valve-in-a-patient-with-hypertrophic-obstructive-cardiomyopathy
#12
Emile S Farag, R Nils Planken, S Matthijs Boekholdt, Jolanda Kluin
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a heterogeneous myocardial disease and is characterized by increased left ventricular wall thickness. Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction occurs in up to 70% of patients and is often caused by systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve, a paradoxical phenomenon in which the anterior mitral valve leaflet is pulled into the left ventricular outflow tract during systole. We present the first case of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with systolic anterior motion of both the mitral and the tricuspid valves and severe hypertrophy of both ventricles...
May 16, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497565/transient-left-ventricular-outflow-tract-obstruction-with-systolic-anterior-motion-of-the-mitral-valve-a-stunning-cause
#13
Christiaan L Meuwese, Mohamed Boulaksil, Jeroen van Dijk, Jawed Polad, Huub W Meijburg
Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) and systolic anterior motion (SAM) of the mitral valve may have various etiologies, of which hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the most common. More rarely, an acute coronary syndrome, myocardial stunning, and takotsubo cardiomyopathy may give rise to LVOTO and SAM. Here, we present a 70-year-old female patient with a non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome treated with percutaneous coronary intervention. Echocardiography the day after, because of dyspnea and hypotension, revealed apical akinesia, LVOTO, and SAM, which proved completely reversible after treatment with a β-blocker and a 2-month follow-up period...
May 12, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400922/pheochromocytoma-and-stress-cardiomyopathy-insight-into-pathogenesis
#14
Sahil Agrawal, Jamshid Shirani, Lohit Garg, Amitoj Singh, Santo Longo, Angelita Longo, Mark Fegley, Lauren Stone, Muhammad Razavi, Nicoleta Radoianu, Sudip Nanda
AIM: To investigate the occurrence of cardiomyopathy (CMP) in a cohort of patients with histologically proven pheochromocytoma (pheo), and to determine if catecholamine excess was causative of the left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. METHODS: A retrospective chart review spanning years 1998 through 2014 was undertaken and patients with a diagnosis of pheo confirmed with histopathologic examination were included. Presenting electrocardiograms and cardiac imaging studies were reviewed...
March 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378353/reduction-of-left-ventricular-outflow-tract-obstruction-with-transcatheter-mitral-valve-repair
#15
Megan Coylewright, Elizabeth S O'Neill, John F Robb, Jock N McCullough, Cassie M Tighe, Joshua M Callahan, Timothy A Beaver
Many patients with severe mitral regurgitation cannot undergo conventional mitral valve surgery due to prohibitive surgical risk and are candidates for transcatheter repair with an edge-to-edge technique. Prior reports suggest efficacy with this approach for mitral regurgitation due to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with left ventricular outflow obstruction. We present a case report of transcatheter mitral valve repair for posterior leaflet prolapse with concomitant left ventricular outflow tract obstruction due to systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve in the absence of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy...
April 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327475/free-breathing-black-blood-cine-fast-spin-echo-imaging-for-measuring-abdominal-aortic-wall-distensibility-a-feasibility-study
#16
Jyh-Miin Lin, Andrew J Patterson, Tzu-Cheng Chao, Chengcheng Zhu, Hing-Chiu Chang, Jason Mendes, Hsiao-Wen Chung, Jonathan H Gillard, Martin J Graves
The paper reports a free-breathing black-blood CINE fast-spin echo (FSE) technique for measuring abdominal aortic wall motion. The free-breathing CINE FSE includes the following MR techniques: (1) variable-density sampling with fast iterative reconstruction; (2) inner-volume imaging; and (3) a blood-suppression preparation pulse. The proposed technique was evaluated in eight healthy subjects. The inner-volume imaging significantly reduced the intraluminal artifacts of respiratory motion (p  =  0.015)...
May 21, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315014/association-of-native-t1-times-with-biventricular-function-and-hemodynamics-in-precapillary-pulmonary-hypertension
#17
Yin Yin Chen, Hong Yun, Hang Jin, De Hong Kong, Yu Liang Long, Cai Xia Fu, Shan Yang, Meng Su Zeng
In precapillary pulmonary hypertension (PH) patients, we sought to (1) investigate the relationship between ventricular insertion point (VIP) T1 times, hemodynamic parameters, and biventricular function, and (2) determine the predictors of anterior and inferior VIP T1 time. Twenty-two patients with precapillary PH underwent 1.5-T cardiac MR, right heart catheterization (RHC), and echocardiography. A group of 10 healthy age- and sex-matched volunteers served as controls. Biventricular function, morphology and mass were obtained from short-axis cine images...
August 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290177/left-ventricular-outflow-tract-obstruction-and-systolic-anterior-motion-of-the-mitral-valve-in-the-absence-of-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#18
Natasha Aleksova, Alice Wang, Christopher A Glover, Thierry Mesana, Girish Dwivedi
Systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve is a mechanism for the development of left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction. While often associated with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), a case is reported of symptomatic LVOT obstruction due to intrinsic mitral valve pathology in the absence of hypertrophy or cardiomyopathy. This case highlights the importance of recognizing isolated mitral valve pathology as a treatable cause of LVOT obstruction.
November 2016: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275421/treating-a-structural-heart-disease-using-a-non-structural-approach-role-of-cardiac-pacing-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#19
Bernard Benjamin P Albano, Erdie C Fadreguilan, Jeffrey M Chua, James Ho, Ana Beatriz Medrano
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common genetic cardiovascular disease characterized by a thickened non-dilated ventricle in the absence of another cardiac or systemic condition. Its most important hemodynamic consequence is left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction. The primary management strategy of this condition is surgical septal myectomy, but an acceptable alternative treatment in patients who are not suitable for (or who refuse) surgery is alcohol septal ablation (ASA). However, in patients with unfavorable coronary anatomy which precludes ASA (i...
February 2017: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247219/concomitant-septal-myectomy-during-minimally-invasive-aortic-valve-replacement-through-a-right-mini-thoracotomy-for-the-treatment-of-aortic-stenosis-with-systolic-anterior-motion-of-the-mitral-valve
#20
Toshinori Totsugawa, Kota Suzuki, Arudo Hiraoka, Kentaro Tamura, Hidenori Yoshitaka, Taichi Sakaguchi
This paper reports concomitant septal myectomy during minimally invasive aortic valve replacement through a right mini-thoracotomy. A 76-year-old woman was diagnosed as having aortic stenosis with systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve. The bulging septum was exposed by pulling up a traction suture placed at the annulus of the right coronary cusp; the anomalous chordae and muscle bundles attached to the septum were also resected. By setting an adequate intercostal thoracotomy and placing a traction suture, concomitant myectomy was safely performed even through a right mini-thoracotomy...
March 1, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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