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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633326/the-association-between-subjective-memory-complaints-and-sleep-within-older-african-american-adults
#1
Alyssa A Gamaldo, Regina S Wright, Adrienne T Aiken-Morgan, Jason C Allaire, Roland J Thorpe, Keith E Whitfield
Objective: The purpose of the current study is to examine the association between subjective memory complaints and sleep (quantity and quality) in African American older adults. Method: Participants from the Baltimore Study of Black Aging (BSBA; n = 351; mean age = 71.99) completed a self-report sleep scale, subjective memory complaint scale, global cognitive status measure, and demographic questionnaire. Results: Worse overall sleep quality was significantly associated with subjective reports of difficulty recalling the placement of objects, recalling specific facts from reading materials, and worse memory currently compared to the past...
June 13, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630291/global-sustainable-development-priorities-500-y-after-luther-sola-schola-et-sanitate
#2
Wolfgang Lutz
Martin Luther succinctly summarized his theology in sola statements, such as sola scriptura, viewing the Bible (scriptura) as the only valid source of information about God rather than what he viewed as the extraneous, corrupting church doctrine of the time. As a secular side effect of this focus on individual reading skills, the Protestant territories were the first to acquire high literacy rates, which subsequently fostered health, economic growth, and good governance. Here I argue that a similar priority focus on empowerment of all segments of all populations through education and health (sola schola et sanitate) is needed today for sustainable development...
June 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628809/distrust-of-the-senses-and-its-association-with-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms
#3
Shiu F Wong, Alishia D Williams, Jessica R Grisham
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Leading cognitive theories of OCD suggests that despite prevalent and persistent doubt, individuals with OCD do not have perceptual deficits. An alternate cognitive theory, the Seeking Proxies for Internal States hypothesis (SPIS), proposes that sensory distrust in OCD stems from actual deficits in accessing internal states. Consistent with the SPIS, previous research has found that high-OC individuals were less accurate than low-OC individuals in producing target levels of muscle tension in a biofeedback task and that OC symptoms were positively associated with reliance on an external proxy...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628538/memory-rehabilitation-strategies-in-nonsurgical-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-a-review
#4
Alessandra Del Felice, Marzia Alderighi, Matteo Martinato, Davide Grisafi, Anna Bosco, Pamela J Thompson, Josemir W Sander, Stefano Masiero
People with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) who have not undergone epilepsy surgery often complain of memory deficits. Cognitive rehabilitation is employed as a remedial intervention in clinical settings, but research is limited and findings concerning efficacy and the criteria for choosing different approaches have been inconsistent. We aimed to appraise existing evidence on memory rehabilitation in nonsurgical individuals with temporal lobe epilepsy and to ascertain the effectiveness of specific strategies. A scoping review was preferred given the heterogeneous nature of the interventions...
July 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628395/evaluation-of-a-companion-robot-based-on-field-tests-with-single-older-adults-in-their-homes
#5
Katalin Zsiga, András Tóth, Tamás Pilissy, Orsolya Péter, Zoltán Dénes, Gábor Fazekas
The growing number of older adults places insurmountable load on family members and professional caregivers. Assistive technology with the aid of robots can present a possible solution. The goal of this article was to test a companion robot supporting older adults in their home environments. Eight senior volunteers were involved in the field test. They all lived alone and were self-supporting. The robot was capable of providing cognitive assistance to manage the user's daily routine. Each participant used the robot for 94...
June 19, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624645/cingulo-opercular-activity-affects-incidental-memory-encoding-for-speech-in-noise
#6
Kenneth I Vaden, Susan Teubner-Rhodes, Jayne B Ahlstrom, Judy R Dubno, Mark A Eckert
Correctly understood speech in difficult listening conditions is often more difficult to remember. A long-standing hypothesis for this observation is that the engagement of cognitive resources to aid speech understanding can limit resources available for memory encoding. This hypothesis is consistent with evidence that speech presented in difficult conditions typically elicits greater activity throughout cingulo-opercular regions of frontal cortex that are proposed to optimize task performance through adaptive control of behavior and tonic attention...
June 14, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622527/alzheimer-s-disease-the-state-of-the-art-in-resting-state-magnetoencephalography
#7
REVIEW
M M A Engels, W M van der Flier, C J Stam, A Hillebrand, Ph Scheltens, E C W van Straaten
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is accompanied by functional brain changes that can be detected in imaging studies, including electromagnetic activity recorded with magnetoencephalography (MEG). Here, we systematically review the studies that have examined resting-state MEG changes in AD and identify areas that lack scientific or clinical progress. Three levels of MEG analysis will be covered: (i) single-channel signal analysis, (ii) pairwise analyses over time series, which includes the study of interdependencies between two time series and (iii) global network analyses...
May 21, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620843/the-coevolution-of-play-and-the-cortico-cerebellar-system-in-primates
#8
Max Kerney, Jeroen B Smaers, P Thomas Schoenemann, Jacob C Dunn
Primates are some of the most playful animals in the natural world, yet the reason for this remains unclear. One hypothesis posits that primates are so playful because playful activity functions to help develop the sophisticated cognitive and behavioural abilities that they are also renowned for. If this hypothesis were true, then play might be expected to have coevolved with the neural substrates underlying these abilities in primates. Here, we tested this prediction by conducting phylogenetic comparative analyses to determine whether play has coevolved with the cortico-cerebellar system, a neural system known to be involved in complex cognition and the production of complex behaviour...
June 15, 2017: Primates; Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617759/functional-topography-of-the-primary-motor-cortex-during-motor-execution-and-motor-imagery-as-revealed-by-functional-mri
#9
Meena M Makary, Seulgi Eun, Ramy S Soliman, Abdalla Z Mohamed, Jeungchan Lee, Kyungmo Park
Controversy exists regarding the involvement of the primary motor cortex (M1) during motor imagery (MI) and also regarding the differential somatotopic representation of motor execution (ME) and mental simulation of movement, that is, MI within M1. Although some research reported clear M1 involvement during MI without overt motor output, others did not. However, possible somatotopic representation between execution and imagery has not been clearly investigated to date. The aim of the present study was to aid in the resolution of this controversy by investigating the possible involvement of M1 during MI, and the differential, within M1, somatotopic representation between execution and imagery by quantitatively assessing different location markers such as activation peak and center of mass as well as intensity differences between the two tasks in case of with and without the overlap between the two representations...
June 14, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616019/hypoxia-inducible-factor-1-alpha-stabilization-for-regenerative-therapy-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
REVIEW
Mushfiquddin Khan, Hamza Khan, Inderjit Singh, Avtar K Singh
Mild traumatic brain injury (TBI), also called concussion, initiates sequelae leading to motor deficits, cognitive impairments and subtly compromised neurobehaviors. While the acute phase of TBI is associated with neuroinflammation and nitroxidative burst, the chronic phase shows a lack of stimulation of the neurorepair process and regeneration. The deficiency of nitric oxide (NO), the consequent disturbed NO metabolome, and imbalanced mechanisms of S-nitrosylation are implicated in blocking the mechanisms of neurorepair processes and functional recovery in the both phases...
May 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612384/exploring-partner-intimacy-among-couples-raising-children-on-the-autism-spectrum-a%C3%A2-grounded-theory-investigation
#11
Jake Johnson, Fred P Piercy
In this study, we explored how couples raising children with autism spectrum disorder negotiate intimacy, including what contextual and temporal factors influence these processes. We conducted conjoint interviews with 12 couples, employing grounded theory methodology to collect and analyze the data. Our results indicated that fostering intimacy in these couples' relationships involves partners working together to make key cognitive and relational shifts. Couples are aided or hindered in making these shifts by the degree to which they experience various contextual and environmental factors as resources or roadblocks...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611575/ica-derived-eeg-correlates-to-mental-fatigue-effort-and-workload-in-a-realistically-simulated-air-traffic-control-task
#12
Deepika Dasari, Guofa Shou, Lei Ding
Electroencephalograph (EEG) has been increasingly studied to identify distinct mental factors when persons perform cognitively demanding tasks. However, most of these studies examined EEG correlates at channel domain, which suffers the limitation that EEG signals are the mixture of multiple underlying neuronal sources due to the volume conduction effect. Moreover, few studies have been conducted in real-world tasks. To precisely probe EEG correlates with specific neural substrates to mental factors in real-world tasks, the present study examined EEG correlates to three mental factors, i...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604578/long-term-outcomes-of-cochlear-implantation-in-children-with-congenital-cytomegalovirus-infection
#13
Haruo Yoshida, Haruo Takahashi, Yukihiko Kanda, Kyoko Kitaoka, Minoru Hara
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of the developmental delay often observed in children with congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection on the improvement of language understanding after cochlear implantation (CI). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. PATIENTS: Sixteen children with severe and/or profound hearing loss due to congenital CMV infection (CMV group) and 107 congenitally deaf children (168 ears) without CMV infection as the cause of deafness (non-CMV group)...
June 9, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602027/assistive-technology-for-memory-support-in-dementia
#14
REVIEW
Henriëtte G Van der Roest, Jennifer Wenborn, Channah Pastink, Rose-Marie Dröes, Martin Orrell
BACKGROUND: The sustained interest in electronic assistive technology in dementia care has been fuelled by the urgent need to develop useful approaches to help support people with dementia at home. Also the low costs and wide availability of electronic devices make it more feasible to use electronic devices for the benefit of disabled persons. Information Communication Technology (ICT) devices designed to support people with dementia are usually referred to as Assistive Technology (AT) or Electronic Assistive Technology (EAT)...
June 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598877/perioperative-acls-cognitive-aids-in-resuscitation
#15
Louise Y Wen, Steven K Howard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594643/ce-early-intervention-in-patients-with-poststroke-depression
#16
Gwendolyn M Hamid, Meredith A MacKenzie
An evidence-based review of risk factors, screening, and management. ABSTRACT: Nearly one-third of stroke survivors experience depression. Poststroke depression is associated with longer hospital stays, poor physical and cognitive recovery, poor quality of life, high caregiver distress, increased risk of recurrent stroke, and higher rates of morbidity and mortality. Poststroke depression, however, often goes unrecognized and untreated because the physical and cognitive repercussions of stroke make it difficult to identify...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593682/interactive-pediatric-emergency-checklists-to-the-palm-of-your-hand-how-the-pedi-crisis-app-traveled-around-the-world
#17
Jorge A Gálvez, Justin L Lockman, Laura E Schleelein, Allan F Simpao, Luis M Ahumada, Bryan A Wolf, Maully J Shah, Eugenie Heitmiller, Mohamed Rehman
BACKGROUND: Cognitive aids help clinicians manage critical events and have been shown to improve outcomes by providing critical information at the point of care. Critical event guidelines, such as the Society of Pediatric Anesthesia's Critical Events Checklists described in this article, can be distributed globally via interactive smartphone apps. From October 1, 2013 to January 1, 2014, we performed an observational study to determine the global distribution and utilization patterns of the Pedi Crisis cognitive aid app that the Society for Pediatric Anesthesia developed...
June 7, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588577/immune-reconstitution-inflammatory-syndrome-unmasking-or-worsening-aids-related-progressive-multifocal-leukoencephalopathy-a-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Anna Fournier, Guillaume Martin-Blondel, Emmanuèle Lechapt-Zalcman, Julia Dina, Apolline Kazemi, Renaud Verdon, Emmanuel Mortier, Arnaud de La Blanchardière
Incidence of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) in HIV-infected patients has declined in the combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) era although a growing number of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related PML-immune reconstitution inflammatory syndromes (PML-IRIS) have been published during the same period. Therapeutic management of PML-IRIS is not consensual and mainly relies on corticosteroids. Our main aim was, in addition to provide a thoughtful analysis of published PML-IRIS cases, to assess the benefit of corticosteroids in the management of PML-IRIS, focusing on confirmed cases...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588524/perceptual-plasticity-for-auditory-object-recognition
#19
Shannon L M Heald, Stephen C Van Hedger, Howard C Nusbaum
In our auditory environment, we rarely experience the exact acoustic waveform twice. This is especially true for communicative signals that have meaning for listeners. In speech and music, the acoustic signal changes as a function of the talker (or instrument), speaking (or playing) rate, and room acoustics, to name a few factors. Yet, despite this acoustic variability, we are able to recognize a sentence or melody as the same across various kinds of acoustic inputs and determine meaning based on listening goals, expectations, context, and experience...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581642/improving-visual-observation-skills-through-the-arts-to-aid-radiographic-interpretation-in-veterinary-practice-a-pilot-study
#20
Cathy Beck, Heather Gaunt, Neville Chiavaroli
Radiographic interpretation is a perceptual and cognitive skill. Recently core veterinary radiology textbooks have focused on the cognitive (i.e., the clinical aspects of radiographic interpretation) rather than the features of visual observation that improve identification of abnormalities. As a result, the skill of visual observation is underemphasized and thus often underdeveloped by trainees. The study of the arts in medical education has been used to train and improve visual observation and empathy. The use of the arts to improve visual observation skills in Veterinary Science has not been previously described...
June 5, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
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