keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Valproic

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097810/physicochemical-and-biological-evaluation-of-a-cinnamamide-derivative-r-s-2e-1-3-hydroxypiperidin-1-yl-3-phenylprop-2-en-1-one-km-608-for-nervous-system-disorders
#1
Agnieszka Gunia-Krzyżak, Ewa Żesławska, Florence Bareyre, Wojciech Nitek, Anna M Waszkielewicz, Henryk Marona
A cinnamamide scaffold has been successfully incorporated in several compounds possessing desirable pharmacological activities in central and peripheral nervous system such as anticonvulsant, antidepressant, neuroprotective, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, muscle relaxant, and sedative/hypnotic properties. R,S-(2E)-1-(3-hydroxypiperidin-1-yl)-3-phenylprop-2-en-1-one (KM-608), a cinnamamide derivative, was synthesized, its chemical structure was confirmed by means of spectroscopy and crystallography, additionally thermal analysis showed that it exists in one crystalline form...
January 18, 2017: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080146/perceptions-vs-evidence-therapeutic-substitutes-for-antipsychotics-in-patients-with-dementia-in-long-term-care
#2
Brianne L Olivieri-Mui, John W Devlin, Aileen Ochoa, Danielle Schenck, Becky Briesacher
OBJECTIVE: To compare differences between clinician perceptions of therapeutic substitutes for antipsychotics prescribed to patients with dementia in long term care (LTC) and published evidence. METHODS: A mixed-methods approach that included a drug information search, online survey of 55 LTC clinicians and a comprehensive literature review was used. For 41 pharmacologic antipsychotic substitute candidates identified, LTC clinicians rated the likelihood they would substitute each for patients with dementia and identified non-pharmacologic antipsychotic substitutes...
January 12, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071178/psychotropic-drugs-and-ventricular-repolarisation-the-effects-on-qt-interval-t-peak-to-t-end-interval-and-qt-dispersion
#3
Tiziano Acciavatti, Giovanni Martinotti, Mariangela Corbo, Eduardo Cinosi, Matteo Lupi, Fabrizio Ricci, Rosa Di Scala, Emilia D'Ugo, Viola De Francesco, Raffaele De Caterina, Massimo di Giannantonio
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate in a clinical setting, the effects of different classes of psychotropic drugs on cardiac electrophysiological measures linked with an increased risk of sudden cardiac death. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in a population of 1059 psychiatric inpatients studying the effects of various psychotropic drugs on the T-peak to T-end (TpTe) interval, QT dispersion and QT interval. RESULTS: Methadone use showed a strong association with TpTe prolongation (odds ratio (OR)=12...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070260/relationship-between-bone-density-and-biochemical-markers-of-bone-among-two-groups-taking-carbamazepine-and-sodium-valproate-for-epilepsy-in-comparison-with-healthy-individuals-in-yazd
#4
Abolghasem Rahimdel, Ali Dehghan, Mahboubeh Abolhassani Moghadam, Ali Mellat Ardekani
INTRODUCTION: Chronic antiepileptic therapy has been associated with metabolic bone diseases including osteomalacia and osteoporosis. The aim of this study was to determine frequency of changes in biochemical and bone mineral density (BMD) in adults receiving valproaic acid (VPA) & carbamazepine (CBZ). METHODS: In a cross sectional study evaluating adults (age 20-50 y) epileptic patients receiving valproic acid or carbamazepine for at least 2 years. This study was conducted from May 2014 to May 2015 in Shahid Sadoughi Hospital of Yazd University of Medical Science, Yazd, Iran...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063323/genetic-and-epigenetic-regulation-on-the-transcription-of-gabrb2-genotype-dependent-hydroxymethylation-and-methylation-alterations-in-schizophrenia
#5
Lu Zong, Lin Zhou, Yu Hou, Lulu Zhang, Wei Jiang, Wenwei Zhang, Lijuan Wang, Xia Luo, Shiqing Wang, Cong Deng, Zhizhen Peng, Shufen Li, Jiming Hu, Hu Zhao, Cunyou Zhao
To improve our understanding of the abnormalities and non-Mendelian inheritance characteristics of schizophrenia, this study examined DNA methylation (5mC) and hydroxymethylation (5hmC) in the schizophrenia-associated GABRB2 gene encoding the type A γ-aminobutyric acid receptor β2 subunit. DNAs from the peripheral white blood cells of 279 schizophrenic patients and 256 controls from the Chinese Han population were examined to reveal that the GABRB2 promoter P1-5mC level which was correlated with olanzapine administration, P2-5mC/5hmC level, and Alu-5mC level which was correlated with administration of ziprasidone or oxcarbazepine, were increased in schizophrenic patients...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060222/valproic-acid-special-considerations-and-targeted-monitoring
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060221/valproic-acid-special-considerations-and-targeted-monitoring
#7
Angela Collins-Yoder, Jordan Lowell
Valproic acid (VPA) is a medication used to treat multiple neuroscience conditions. It is an inexpensive and useful medication, with a low incidence of adverse drug events. Nonetheless, optimal clinical outcomes require that a series of screening and laboratory steps be followed before the initiation of VPA therapy. An additional aspect of pharmacovigilance is to recognize clinical patterns signaling genetic traits that preclude VPA, background of the black box warnings, targeted assessments, and laboratory monitoring indicated while on VPA...
February 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057450/antiepileptic-drugs-prevent-seizures-in-hyperbaric-oxygen-a-novel-model-of-epileptiform-activity
#8
Ivan T Demchenko, Sergei Yu Zhilyaev, Alexander N Moskvin, Alexander I Krivchenko, Claude A Piantadosi, Barry W Allen
Breathing oxygen at sufficiently elevated pressures can trigger epileptiform seizures. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that pre-treatment with FDA-approved antiepileptic drugs could prevent seizure onset in hyperoxia at 5 atmospheres absolute. We selected drugs from two putative functional categories, Na(+)-channel antagonists and GABA enhancers, each administered intraperitoneally at four doses in separate groups of C57BL/6 mice. The drugs varied in efficacy at the doses used. Of the five tested Na(+)-channel antagonists, carbamazepine and lamotrigine more than tripled seizure latency compared to values seen in vehicle controls...
January 2, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055304/synergistic-effect-of-cytokine-induced-killer-cell-with-valproate-inhibits-growth-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cell-in-a-mouse-model
#9
Dong Hyeon Lee, Joon Yeul Nam, Young Chang, Hyeki Cho, Seong Hee Kang, Young Youn Cho, EunJu Cho, Jeong-Hoon Lee, Su Jong Yu, Yoon Jun Kim, Jung-Hwan Yoon
OBJECTIVE: Long-term prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains poor owing to the lack of treatment options for advanced HCC. Cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells are ex vivo expanded T lymphocytes expressing both NK- and T-cell markers. CIK cell therapy alone is insufficient for treating advanced HCC. Thus, this study aimed to determine whether treatment with CIK cells combined with valproic acid (VPA) could provide a synergistic effect to inhibit tumor growth in a mouse model of HCC...
January 5, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055238/valproic-acid-increases-histone-acetylation-and-alters-gene-expression-in-the-donor-cells-but-does-not-improve-the-in-vitro-developmental-competence-of-buffalo-bubalus-bubalis-embryos-produced-by-hand-made-cloning
#10
Naresh L Selokar, Monika Saini, Himanshu Agrawal, Prabhat Palta, Manmohan Singh Chauhan, Radheysham Manik, Suresh Kumar Singla
Use of histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACis) is believed to improve the developmental competence and quality of cloned embryos produced. We examined the effects of treatment of buffalo fibroblasts with valproic acid (VPA), a HDACi on these cells and on embryos produced from them by hand-made cloning. VPA treatment (1.5, 3.0, or 4.5 mM) altered (p < 0.05) the growth characteristics and relative expression level of HDAC1, DNMT1, DNMT3a, P53, and CASPASE3, and the global level of H3K9/14ac, H4K5ac, and H3K18ac but not H3K27me3 in the cells...
January 5, 2017: Cellular Reprogramming
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043150/histone-deacetylase-inhibitors-in-plasma-cell-leukemia-treatment-effect-of-bone-marrow-microenvironment
#11
I Burianova, K Kuzelova, O Mitrovsky, I Spicka, P StOckbauer, M Zackova
In the presented study we analysed the effect of histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) and valproic acid (VPA) on human plasma cell leukemia (PCL) cell line UHKT-944 in the presence of bone marrow microenvironment (BMM). For the analysis, the cells were cultured alone, with bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs), with extracellular matrix (ECM) components or with interleukin-6, and treated with varied concentrations of SAHA and VPA for 24/48 hours. To study the effect of HDACi, we investigated cell proliferation, apoptosis, cell cycle and changes in selected signalling pathways...
January 3, 2017: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040492/valproic-acid-and-ask1-deficiency-ameliorate-optic-neuritis-and-neurodegeneration-in-an-animal-model-of-multiple-sclerosis
#12
Yuriko Azuchi, Atsuko Kimura, Xiaoli Guo, Goichi Akiyama, Takahiko Noro, Chikako Harada, Atsuko Nishigaki, Kazuhiko Namekata, Takayuki Harada
Optic neuritis, which is an acute inflammatory demyelinating syndrome of the central nervous system, is one of the major complications in multiple sclerosis (MS). Herein, we investigated the therapeutic potential of valproic acid (VPA) on optic neuritis in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a mouse model of MS. EAE was induced in C57BL/6 mice by immunization with MOG35-55 and VPA (300mg/kg) was administered via intraperitoneal injection once daily from day 3 postimmunization until the end of the experimental period (day 28)...
December 28, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038682/comparison-of-a-teratogenic-transcriptome-based-predictive-test-based-on-human-embryonic-versus-inducible-pluripotent-stem-cells
#13
Vaibhav Shinde, Sureshkumar Perumal Srinivasan, Margit Henry, Tamara Rotshteyn, Jürgen Hescheler, Jörg Rahnenführer, Marianna Grinberg, Johannes Meisig, Nils Blüthgen, Tanja Waldmann, Marcel Leist, Jan Georg Hengstler, Agapios Sachinidis
BACKGROUND: Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) partially recapitulate early embryonic three germ layer development, allowing testing of potential teratogenic hazards. Because use of hESCs is ethically debated, we investigated the potential for human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) to replace hESCs in such tests. METHODS: Three cell lines, comprising hiPSCs (foreskin and IMR90) and hESCs (H9) were differentiated for 14 days. Their transcriptome profiles were obtained on day 0 and day 14 and analyzed by comprehensive bioinformatics tools...
December 30, 2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032682/antiepileptic-drugs-impacts-on-human-serum-paraoxonase-1
#14
Şükrü Beydemir, Yeliz Demir
Serum paraoxonase (PON1) is a key enzyme related to high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol particle. It can prevent the oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and HDL. The present article focuses on the in vitro inhibition role of some antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) such as valproic acid, gabapentin, primidone, phenytoin, and levetiracetam on human paraoxonase (hPON1). Therefore, PON1 was purified from human serum with a specific activity of 3976.36 EU/mg and 13.96% yield by using simple chromatographic methods...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031235/htp-nutraceutical-screening-for-histone-deacetylase-inhibitors-and-effects-of-hdacis-on-tumor-suppressing-mirnas-by-trichostatin-a-and-grapeseed-vitis-vinifera-in-hela-cells
#15
Elizabeth A Mazzio, Karam F A Soliman
BACKGROUND/AIM: Aggressive tumor malignancies are a consequence of delayed diagnosis, epigenetic/phenotype changes and chemo-radiation resistance. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are a major epigenetic regulator of transcriptional repression, which are highly overexpressed in advanced malignancy. While original chemotherapy drugs were modeled after phytochemicals elucidated by botanical screenings, HDAC inhibitors (HDACi) such as apicidin, trichostatin A (TSA) and butyrate were discovered as products of fungus and microbes, in particular, gut microbiota...
January 2017: Cancer Genomics & Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027888/comparison-between-dried-blood-spot-and-plasma-sampling-for-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-of-antiepileptic-drugs-in-children-with-epilepsy-a-step-towards-home-sampling
#16
Camilla Linder, Katarina Wide, Malin Walander, Olof Beck, Lars L Gustafsson, Anton Pohanka
OBJECTIVES: To investigate if dried blood spots could be used for therapeutic drug monitoring of the antiepileptic drugs, carbamazepine, lamotrigine and valproic acid in children with epilepsy. METHODS: Fingerprick blood samples from 46 children at a neuropediatric outpatient clinic was collected on filterpaper at the same time as capillary plasma sampling. A validated dried blood spot liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method for carbamazepine, lamotrigine and valproic acid was compared with the routine plasma laboratory methods...
December 24, 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027180/pediatric-sialadenosis-due-to-valproic-acid
#17
Hatice Derin, Serhan Derin, Pembe Oltulu, Orhan Özbek, Hüseyin Çaksen
Sialadenosis is a rare entity characterized by bilateral diffuse, painless swelling of the parotid glands. Its etiology is not clear; however, it may occur due to adverse effects of some drugs. To our knowledge, sialadenosis due to valproic acid has not been reported in the literature up to date in any child. In this article, the authors presented a child who developed sialadenosis due to valproic acid, and improved after stopping use of the drug.
December 23, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018465/ictal-sinus-pause-and-myoclonic-seizure-in-a-child
#18
Hye Ryun Kim, Gun-Ha Kim, So-Hee Eun, Baik-Lin Eun, Jung Hye Byeon
Ictal tachycardia and bradycardia are common arrhythmias; however, ictal sinus pause and asystole are rare. Ictal arrhythmia is mostly reported in adults with temporal lobe epilepsy. Recently, ictal arrhythmia was recognized as a major warning sign of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy. We present an interesting case of a child with ictal sinus pause and asystole. A 27-month-old girl was hospitalized due to 5 episodes of convulsions during the past 2 days. Results of routine electroencephalography (EEG) were normal, but she experienced brief generalized tonic seizure for 3 days...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011471/histone-deacetylase-inhibitors-an-attractive-therapeutic-strategy-against-breast-cancer
#19
REVIEW
Christos Damaskos, Serena Valsami, Michael Kontos, Eleftherios Spartalis, Theodoros Kalampokas, Emmanouil Kalampokas, Antonios Athanasiou, Demetrios Moris, Afrodite Daskalopoulou, Spyridon Davakis, Gerasimos Tsourouflis, Konstantinos Kontzoglou, Despina Perrea, Nikolaos Nikiteas, Dimitrios Dimitroulis
: With a lifetime risk estimated to be one in eight in industrialized countries, breast cancer is the most frequent type of cancer among women worldwide. Patients are often treated with anti-estrogens, but it is common that some tumors develop resistance to therapy. The causation and progression of cancer is controlled by epigenetic processes, so there is an ongoing interest in research into mechanisms, genes and signaling pathways associating carcinogenesis with epigenetic modulation of gene expression...
January 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008742/hypofibrinogenemia-and-intra-articular-hemorrhage-due-to-valproic-acid
#20
Burcu Karakayalı, Duygu Onsal Ozturk, Ahmet Sami Yazar, Sirin Guven, Ismail Islek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
keyword
keyword
98614
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"